The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, February 23, 1946, Image 1

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    TO OBSERVE 119th ANNIVERSARY OF NEGRO PRESS - FEB. 24 to MAR. 2
* ★ ^ ★ n 1*★*★*★★**★ ^ ^ * * ★ *
i ■ LOCAL & NATL NEWS-IO® per copy “AND WORTH IT” ■
/JUSTICE/EQUALITY
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY _ PHONE HA.0800
2420 GRANT ST
^^^ “Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC
_ , „ , „ . , „ , „ . ,T _T „ . „ _ _ , Entered as 2nd class matter at Post-oft ice. Omaha, Nebr., Under Act ot
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1946 Our 19th Year—No. 3 * 10c Per Copy ★ March 8, 1874. Publishing Offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha, Nebr
Negro Educator on American Commission to Help Formulate Japan’s New Educational Program
OUR GUEST
Column..
-(Edited by Erna P. Harris)
• Every Week, we shall present
-OUR GUEST COLUMN”, a non
profit service of the American
Press Associates devoted to furth
ering group understanding.
Edited by Erna P. Harris, noted
**
1
journalist, our new weekly column
will feature prominent guest con
tributors who will review current
developments on the minority
group front and suggest local and
nationwide action
¥**
v. (by EVERETT R. CL1NCHY, President ISalional
Conference of Christians and fetes)
... " I
Note to Readers:
Brotherhood Week, February 17-24, has in the past de
cade become an American institution. Sponsored each
year by the ISatiomd Conference of Christians and, fetes,
uilh headquarters at 381 Fourth Avenue, IS etc York City,
and branches throughout the country, this annual observ
ance symbolises the underlying unity of those who worship
the same God in different ways. An appropriate slogan is
no*" attacked to Sr« .at rhood Week: lake America safe
for differencesP* i W s
Three main struggles in content potary history vastly af
fect American relations among Protestants, Catholics and
Jews.
irst is th estruggle between those who wish to rely ex
clusively on each nation's sovereign strength for security,
and those who are fighting fr oan international organiz
ation with granted powers. If democracy can be applied
worldwide among nations, there is the chance that the
Commission on Human Rights, established at San Francis
co, will make those rights actual, everywhere. In that e
vent some of the causes of rancor, fear and hostility would
he lessened in the America theatre of intergroup conflict.
second is the struggle between economic groups, and
btween schools of politico-economic philosophy. Social
scientists have found that prejudice has a high correlation
with unemployment and poverty. To the extent that ex
treme economic suffering can be banished, and evils of un
fair competition eliminated, one of the greatest causes for
intergroup hostility will disappear.
| bird is the struggle in American intergroup relations.
On the one side are those who are discovering that the A
mericna revolution must he applied to groups: every
(fROI P lias the inalienable right to life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness. Opposing this view are the chauv
inists and jingoists who. never catching up witii Washing
ton, Jefferson and Lincoln, still think their group must
dominate.
To translate this revolutionary idea of democracy a
mong groups is an educational task of first magnitude.
The National Conference of Christians and Jew's works on
the principle that it involves three steps:
1. Each group must become acquainted with tiie aims
and purposes of the other groups.
2. Members of each group must be made consciously
aware that they have some aim* in common with all the
other groups.
3. Individuals of each group must develop habits of
cooperation with citizens of other groups* on these com
mon aims.
^ hen Oiii1 llation needed a weapon that would determine
who would win the war. it put 601) scientists to work. The
atomic bomb was produced.
If Americans really want to inaugurate a new- era in hu
man relations* they must sutttTnon the scientists, the edu
cators, the public leaders arid tht churchmen to produce a
new weapon, a weapon of the spirit and of the mind.
The disease of hale in human relations can be elimin
ated from our society in a single generation. It reduces
itself to a problem of research, direct action and hygiene.
It is a big job. It calls for big leadership, and the use
of all the resources of science, education and religion. It
must be done on a national scale.
The present situation is appalling. But Americans can
change attitudes and customs involving intergroup rela
tions, just as they are changing the thinking, feeling and
customs on international relations. We can build an “A
merican Brotherhood of Givens’’ which would be an army
of men of goodwill against hate, and for cooperation.
-APA- '
NAACP Outlines New FEPC Program
- (
NEW YORK—Condemning the
action of the Senate on FEPC as a
“sham battle” the Board of Direct
ors of the NAACP on February 11
voted to instruct the 1200 local chap
ters of the Association ‘.to rse their
inflrence and power to aid in defeat
ing for reelection those Senators
who reflsed to vote for cloture and
those \\Tho wilfully absented them
selves from the session at which the
voting occurred.”
The Directors then instructed the
administrative staff to "organize a
National Committee to promote the
passage of the FEPC bill now pend
ing in the Congress and invite the
collaboration of any other organiz
ation whose purposes are the same as
ours.”
Jud^e Hubert T. Delany specific
ally mentioned the National Guild
for a Permanent FEPC, the Nation
al Lawyers Guild, labor, church and'
fraternal groups of all shades ot
opinions as ones to be included in
the new drive for the enactment of
on FEPC,
The Association is cooperating
closely with the National Council
for a Permanent FEPC in the gi
gantic mass meeting scheduled fot
Madison Square Garden February
28, and Walter White, NAACP Sec
retary just returned from the Pac
ific Coast, will participate in the
strategy conference on FEPC to be
held in Washington February 22-2S.
The FEPC bill displaced by the
Senate on February 9 can be called
up again during the present session
whenever sufficint pressure is mob
ilized and the FEPC bill in the
House can be passed, supporters de
clared, as soon as it is got out of the
Rules Committee by means of a dis
charge petition- The petition which
requires 218 signatures, is now short
of that number and all persons in
terested in the legislation are asked
o write their congressmen to sign
Discharge Petition No. 4.
ANNOUNCING OPENING OF
WATSON BEAUTY SCHOOL
Mr. Voyal V, Watson is happy to
announce the opening of his accredi
ted School of Beauty Cutlure nam
ely \\ atson’s School of Beauty Cul
25th, 1946, 9:00 am. Those entering
now will be ready to take tht Oct.
board. Terms may be arranged by
calling JA 3974—7015.
GOODWILL SPRING
MUSICAL CHOIRSr 4TH
ANNUAL SERMON TO BE
PREACHED BY REV.
M. C. W I L L I A MS
PASTOR OF BETHEL BAPT.
AT ZION BAPTIST CHURCH
AT THREE-FIFTEEN.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 24
_ i
At the meeting of the Goodwill
Spring Musical Choirs, it was de
cided that tiie Reverend M. C. Wil
liams, the very able pastor of Bethel
Baptist Church of South Omaha,
would be the minister asked to
preach the 4th Annual Sermon to
the Choirs on the subject "THE
CHOIR'S SERVICE VALUE TO
THE CHURCH.”
Rev. Williams will have a great
message and we hope every member
of each Choir who can be present,
will be there to hear this message.
In fact there will be Spiritual food
for every Church member, who has
service value to his or her Church.
So let every one come and be o'n
time at 3:15 pm. Sunday, February
24th and see what is in store for you
The Ministerial Alliance had a
committee to meet with Choir Pres
idents and promised to give theit
support to the Goodwill and Christ
ian Fellowship Movement, so that
may be come nearer to being City
' THE FISK JL BILEE SINGERS TO SING HERE
TO APPEAR HERE FRIDAY
NIGHT l, 8 ;30 P. M.
•
The music lovers of Omaha will
have a chance to hear the musical
treat of the year, when they go to
the beautiful Tech High School
Auditorium to hear the world's fa
tne'-* Fisk University Jubilee Sing
ers-. The different ne\vsft!ifSS!'»f‘Mve
the following to say about these
singers: ,
BOSTON HERALD: Has this to
say: "The Negro spirituals are ■»
genius of their own,- and there art.
none who sing them quite as elo
quently as these hereditary singers
from Fisk University.”
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURN
AL: "Their tone balance is excel
lent tnd their voctl effects of phass
ing and general musicality are ex
quisite as well as the impeccability
of their good taste.”
Comments from many other pa
pers we could quote, but space and
time will iot permit.
These singers have sang \yith the
symphony orchentras of Boston,
! Chicago aad Los Angeles. They
have maae recordiigs for the Brit
ish Broadcasting corporation, and
have been heard weekly over the j
£«'BC nationwide network. They are'
acknowledged to rank among the I
greatest interpreters of Negro spir-1
jtuals in the world today. Another j
great treat will be the playing of
Mr. Robert Hemingway who is a
•n.ry outstanding pianist- Mr. Hem
ingay will do two groups of num
bers on the program and will be the
acrompanist for the singers.
Tickets will be on sale at the fol
lowing places: Ed Patton's Music
Store, 1916 Farnam St., Johnson’s
Drug Store 24th and Grant. Leo
Heinman's Music Store,, Lyric bldg
23231 South 19th StThe Omaha
Outfitting Company 234th and Bur
dette St., Schmoller and Muller Mu
sic Co:, 1516 Dodge St:, Hospe Mu
sic Co:, 1516 Douglas St:, All Mak
es Electric Co:, 24th and Erskine:
These tickets will be taken up the
morning of March 1, and will be on
sale at the Tech High ticket box-of
fice the night of the concert.
L. L. McVay.
———■———• i - — mmi i
TRANSFER OF SWPCs LENDING DEPT. TO
RFC W ILL AID RFC’s SM AL BUSINESS LOANS
“Transfer of the Smitllor War Plants Corporation's
lending activities to thfc Reconstruction inance Corporation
will aid in expanding RFC’s small business loan service to
applicants in the Omaha Region, Mr. Eggers, Assistant
Manager of the RFC Loan Agency for Omaha, announced.
“SH PC Loan Offices are being continued under RFC
direction and will actively cooperate in helping small busi
ness obtain funds needed for launching or expanding busi
ness enterprises, and for other business purposes.
“Mr. Eggers said that instructions have been received
from Charles B. Henderson, Chairman of RFC's Board,
urging the Omaha RFC Loan Agency to push forward vig
orously the Government’s program of helping small busi
ness enterprises in this area root themselves in strong com
petitive positions for post-war industrial growth. Every
practicable aid will be given to veterans and other civilians
who desire to found new business enterprises or strength
en existing concerns.
“Mr. Henderson”, he added, “forecast a sharp Increase
in small business loans bv banks during 194*6.”
‘RFC, in addition t ohandling its own small business
loans, has also serviced all SWPC loans”, Mr. Henderson
pointed out. “The 31 RFC Regional Loan Agencies, from
February 21, 1942, through December 3 , last—a period
of three years and ten and one-third months—authorized
a total of 6,661 loans aggregating $220,378,000 to small
businesses, or an average of about $33,000 per loan. Thus,
the transfer of SWPCs loan businses to RFC will not in
troduce a new type of activity to the RFC loan operations.
“It is a guiding principld of RFC in keeping with the
mandates of Congress to cooperate closely with banks. An
applicant for a busines loan is referred by RFC to his local
bank first. If the bank desires, RFC will participate in the
loan. If the bank is not able or does not want to advance
the funds applied for, RFC will gladly consider the appli
cation, RFC has authority under the RFC Act, as amended,
to make direct loans to business enterprises.”
wide.
We are hoping to see all choirs
back with us this year as well as
choir members who were working at
the Bomber plant last year and who
could not take part.
We are expecting to have you see
the Choirs in their respective groups
as they will march in separately this
year as they did ten years ago. That
should make you be on time and in
our seat so you will not tend to des
troy the beauty and sacredness of
AMERICAN AIRLINES
CHANGES PLANS FOR
DISTRIBUTION OF FOLDER
RIDICULING THE NEGRO
--——
LESTER B. GRANGER
in response to strong, caustic pro
test from the National Urban Lea
gue. American Airlines System a
greed today to change its plan3 tor
distribution of a recently -issued foid
er ridiculing the Negro. In a letter
signed by Lester B. Granger, the
Lagu'se Executive Secretary, the
attention of the Airlines President
was called to the “unusually stupid
and clumsy fashion’’ in which the
Negro has been cartoonized- The
folder, a public relations piece, pre
senting a line drawing of a Negro
messenger carrying a tray and speak j
ing dialect, was used at the opening ]
of the Airlines downtown New York
office, and has already been rather
widely distributed.
The League letter emphasied that
“it has been a long time since any
important business or industry has
had the effrontery to portray Ne
groes in this manner,” and called
attention to the Negro veterans who
gained experience in the Army Air
Forces, now looking to air lines sys
tems for piloting and technical jobs
for which their Army-learned skills
have qualified them. “Your com
pany's caricature places an addition
al burden on this group,” the letter
stated, "and handicaps the efforts of
such organizations as the National
Urban League.”
American Airlines officials, ans
wering the protest, gave assurance
that no offense was intended, ana
stated that plans for distributing
the folder had been changed.
NAACP CONTRIBUTES TO
CIO STRIKE FUND
New York—A contribution of $500
was voted last week by the NAACP
Board of Directors to the general
strike fund of the CIO- The reso
lution expressed support for the
i struggle of the workers in General
Motors, the meat packing industry,
the electrical plants, the steel Indus
try, and the food and tobacco indus
try.
the procesion.
At the end of the service each
Choir President will be at the table
to receive a free will offering from
his or her congregation and friends.
We are talking a great deal now
adays, about the Brotherhood Move •
ment—why not call your friends of
all gorups and have them come and
enjoy this Service with you.
L. L. McVAY.
Broadcasts To
Help Mark
Press Birthdate
| NEW YORK, N. Y.—Two
network programs have just
been arranged by a commit
tee headed by Dowdal H.
Davis of the Kansas City Call
as highlights of the 1946
observance of National Negro
Newspaper Week and the
119th anniversary of the Ne
gro Press.
The celebration this year will
take place during the week of
February 24—March 2.
A brilliant array of national
and military leaders and out
standing artists has been assem
bled for the two broadcasts,—one
over CBS on Sunday, Feb. 24, and
one over NBC on Saturday, Mar.
2.
Other Features
In addition to a variety of local
functions sponsored by the 60
member papers of the Negro News
paper Publishers association, spon
sors of the observance, national
features of the week will include
an essay contest open to high
school students and the award of
the first Wendell L. Willkie Prizes
for outstanding journalistic achie
vements.
Deadline for submission of the
essays is March 2.
Scheduled for appearance on
the first national broadcast over
CBS from 11:30 to noon EST, Feb.
24th, are: General Dwight D
Eisenhower, supreme Allied com
mander in Europe during the war
and now Army chief of staff;
Frank Sinatra, famed crooner and
more lately an active crusader for
interracial goodwill; Lionel Hamp
ton’s orchestra, the harmonizing
Ink Spots, Rex Ingrahm, Holly
wood and Broadway star; Carol
Brice, rising young contralto, re
cently featured on several radio
programs: Dr. Charles H. Drew,
pioneer in the development of
blood plasma; and an NNPA spo
kesman
Broadcast Details
Lined up for the NBC program
at 12:30 to 1:00 pm., EST March
2 are Ralph Cooper, able actor
and MC; Paul Robeson, Ella Fitz
gerald, Joe Louis and Jackie Rob
inson, first Negro signed to a ma
jor league team; Judge William
H. Hastie, first Negro governor of
the Virgin Islands; Dean Dixon,
' brilliant musician and only Amer
ican Negro to conduct major sym
phony orchestras; and president
Frank L. Stanley of the NNPA.
who is publisher of the Louisville
(Ky) Defender.
On this same program a mess
age from President Truman will
be read. The President had - been
invited to speak personally on the
broadcast but his press secretary
has advised the committee that |
this will not be possible.
Essay Contest
The subject of the essay contest
is “The Negro Newspaper in the
Postwar World.” It is open to all
high school students.
First national prize »f $100; se-j
cond prize, $50; and third prize, ]
$25.
Contestants will submit their
essays to the NNPA member pa
per nearest their commonity, or
to the one which they subscribe
or regularly read.
Regional prizes will be given by
many of the member papers, with
the essays winning regional recog.
nition and being submitted to the
national committee of judges for
I consideration for the top prizes.
The contest was inaugurated last
year as a regular feature of Na
tional Negro Newspaper Week
Members of the committee ar
ranging the observance, in addi
tion to Chairman avis, are: Dan
Burley, Amsterdam News; New
York City; William G. Nunnn,
Pittsburgh (Pa) Courier; Lewris
O. Swingler, Memphis (Tenn)
"vVorld; and P. Bernard Young Jr.
Journal and Guide, Norfolk, Va.
j* APPOINTED AT REQUEST
OF GEN. Mac ART HER
.—
DR. CHARLES S. JOHNSON
Dr- Charles S. Johnson, Fisk Un
iversity will help formulate New
Educational Program for Japan, lie
is a member of U. S. Commission
of Educators appointed at the re
quest of General Douglas MacAr
thur.
Nashville, Tennessee, February IS
Dr. Charles S. Johnson, head of
the Department of Social Science:,
Fisk University is one of ihe 20 ea*
ucators on the .American Commis
sion which will fbrmulate the new
program of education for Japan.
Some of the other members of this
Commission are' Dr- George Stoo
Hard of New- York who is Chalr
man -fcf the Commission, Dean Vir
ginia Gildcrsleeve of Barnard Col
lege, Dr. Willard E. Givens, Execu
tive Secretary of the National Edu
cational Association and Dr. Gordon
Bowles, representing the State De
partment: this Commission which
\yas of emulated at the request ot
General Douglas MacArthur is sch
eduled to leave the United States by
plane on February 20th.
Dr, Johnson, a member of the
Fisk, faculty for 17 years is Trus
tee of the Rosenwald Fund and Dir
ector of the Race Relations Pro
gram of the American Missionary
Association. He is President of
the Solthern Sociological Associat
ion and s the first Negro to hok*
this position- Ht was the Americat.
member anh secretary of the Com
mission appointed by the Leagut ol
Nations to investigate - forced Mkc
in Libera in 1930. He also served
m former President Herbert Hoow
fr’s conference on Home Building;
and Home Ownership in 1931.
Author of numerous artfefes and
books he is a recognized world au
thority on race and culture. Among
bis books are the Negro College
[iradcate and Statistisal Atlas oa
Southern Counties both of winch
were published by the University oC
North Carolina Press. In 1941*
Harper Brothers published Iris hook/.
“Patterns of Negro Segregation’*.
Dr. Johnson was awarded a cita
tion of merit by the Alumni Assoc
iation of the University of Chicago
last year- He also holds the A'ms
field Award for 1938 and the Har
mon Gold Medal for 1930.
ICKES RESIGNS
Washington. DC. (Soundpboto >*
n.“ta*-.- -f the Inetrior Harold 1*.
Ickes speaking to members of the
press at his farewell press confer
ence, shortly after the White House
had anounced his resignation frows
the Interior Department.
JIM CROW NATIONAL.
GUARD IS OPPOSEO
Ne-yy York—Declaring that color
ed people could not oppose segregar*
tion in the armed services during
war time and then agree to Jin*
Crow National Guard units in the
various states, the NAACP Board
of Directors at its February meet
ing passed a resolution stating that
the Association policy is “against
separate units in state Nation*
Guards as a principle.” An active
campaign will be launched for inte
gration of Negroes into Nation*
Guard units.
---
Phone Us Your 1
Social* Local News
• JA-3215
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Call Realty Improvement Company 342 Electric Bldg. JA-7718 or JA-1620 “Small Down Payment Will Do the Job”.