The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, January 05, 1946, Image 1
; ■ LOCAL & NATL NEWS-lOc per copy “AND WORTH IT” ■ /JUSTICE/EQUALITY HEW TO THE 1M\ EQUAL OPPORTUNITY PHONE HA.0800 ■fa_“Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC.” ^ _ . , _ _ i r% a r* A 104.1. TTn „ -Wa. 40 1 in. T)., * Entered as 2nd class matter at Post- oft ice. Omaha, Nebr., Under Act of Saturday, January 5, 1946 Our 18th Year—No. 48 ★ 10c Per Copy ★ March 8( 1874. Publishing offices at 2420 Grant street, Omaha, Nebr round-about Roundup... „ (by Charles Jackson) After being pressured into a very bad spot when it became public that 132 homeward bound Negro troops were denied passage on the aircraft carrier Croatan, Secretary of the Navy Forrestai announc ed the following order: “In theih attitude and day to day conduct of at faisr Naval officers and enlisted men shall adhere rigidly and impartially to Naval regulations (?) in which no distinction is made between individuals wearing the Naval uniform or the uniform of any of the Armed Services of the United Stale* because of race or color. ” The slightly overdue discovery of such ‘ regula tions” will indeed b ews to thi hundreds of thou sands of Negro saiL ho were relegated through out the war to the di0™*^ . most dangerous and most servile assignments uu^er most rigid conditions of enforced segregation. It will be news to the many qualified Negro and Jewish college graduates, pharmacists, dentists and doctors who were forced to serve as menial laborers and weer denied comm issions reserved for white gentiles. The existence of such a liberal Navy policy should also be quite informative to the 50 Negro sailors of Port Chicago who protested the all-Negro assignment to the am munition depots where 300 of their comrades were blown to bits. The honorable Secretary Forrestai can contact these boys in the various federal peni tentiaries wheer they are serving 8 to 15 year stretches for “mutiny.” * ****** “The struggle of the Indonesians, the Indians and the peoples of the colonial countries for independ ence" is directly related to the fight of the American Negro for complete democracy in the United Stat es. ” So said Oloster Current, executive secretary of the Detroit Natioanl Association for the Ad-, vancement of Colored People. Bravo! Brother Current. Truer words were never spokep. Now when will you and the rest of the leadership of this powerful organization begin really turning your weight against the real enemy of Negro equality and of colonial liberation—American monopoly capitalism with its expanding imperialist trendi One practical part of that program would be the launching of a campaign now by the NAACP for the formation of an independent Labor Party, to show that the Negres are ready to break with the old-line capitalist parties, the stooges of Big Busi ness and the benefactors of both Jim Crowism and continued colonial slavery. a***** The Washington branqh of the Stalinist-controll ed National Negro Congress recently picketed the White House demanding the ouster of Secretary of State Byrnes and the retention of the Fair Employ ment Practices Commission (FEPC). During the recent “peoples’ war” when tens of millions of the world’s workers paid with their lives for the four fold enrichment of Wall Street corporations and for the continued enslavement of two-thirds of the earth’s poulation in the colonial countries, these lo cal stooges of Stalin were spending their time dis suading Negroes from making any militant move a gainst army Jim Crow as “subject to embarrass Roosevelt”-who, in truth, apointed Truman who appointed Byrnes. Not content with giving up the struggle against discrimination, the Stalinists also had to utilize their talents in manufacturing a bedtime story of how the “litle Hitlers” over here would all melt a way as soon as we got enough “unity” with the A merican ruling class to go across the pond and make “big Hitler” bite the dust. Of course, people like A. Philip Randolph who wanted to march on Wash ington to demand fair employment practices, and an end to government Jim Crow at that time were con demned as “under the influence of those lowest of snakes. .. .the Trotskyite fifth columnists.” Such is the degeneracy of the Stalinist betrayers who op enly stand for such bare-faced hypocrisy on so fun damental an issue as the struggle for minority rights ^ ****** George Schuyler, columnist for the Pittsburgh Courier, takes the cake for literary sleight-of-hand. He castigates with equal fury monopoly capitalism and its opposite. .Socialism. Given a wealth of ammunition by the flip-flop tactics of the Followers of Stalin who fraudently call themselves “commun ists” Schuyler has developed lately into one of the most vicious red-baiters in the country, back or white. He recently stated that none of the “political” groups was objecting to the slaughter of Indones ians. Evidently someone informed him of the pres ent and past activity of the Socialist Workers Party in fighting against the imperialist subjugation of the colored eolonals for he made this slurred and conttradictorv correction the following week: No political groups were fighting for immediate free dom of the colonial people.except those wlo had a motive of—“Political partisanship.” The Negro left-wingers, says Schuyler in the Dec. 22 issue, “ . .have no real program for their people and never had.” Although this super-cvnic do' not counterpose his program for the elimination of racial discrimination, he should at least review some of his own statements of the past before jump ing to such erroneous conclusions. ===--- ' -== ■ - ■ ■ ■■ ■■ ==== gj .. .. -- -■ —:-== , —== ' CANCELS TOVR AWAITS BLESSED EVENT (CNS Photo) Mrs. Powell New Yo>-kt (IPS): Hazel Scott recently informed her husband, Congressman Adam C. Powell, Jr. that she was going to have a baby. The idol of Cafe Society and pop ular star of radio, stage and screen admiting the stress of appearing before the concert stage and pre paring to meet the stork had her in a whirl tola the writer that she had cancelled har tour which was to have extended through 1945, 1946 and 1947, with bookings in many European cities. More than 100,000 persons in various sections Of the US and Canada have witnessed the artist in her latest triumph. It has been reported that the gross receipts was the greatest received by any pianist for such a stellar perform ance. Playing to capacity crowds, every engagement was a complete sell-out months in advance. In only one instance did the tour hit a snag—if it might be termed as such, that was when the artist was barred from Constitution Hall in the nation's capital by the DAR. The deplorable incident, if it was intended to besmirch Miss Scott, or even her congressman husband, did nothing of the sort. In fact, the publicity aided the nation’s No 1 concert pianst in becoming a box office smash success with distinc tiveness. The tour netted unanimous i praise from the press Besides be-1 ing a financial success it proved | that both Miss Scott and her hus band, the handsome congressman preacher-publisher were America’s sweethearts, inasmuch as the cou ple were the target of many sen sational yellow journals. Climaxed with an engagement at Carnegie Hall on November 26 last, the tour provided entertainment su per-duper. Engaging in classics j by noted composers and highligh ted by her own original composi tions, Miss Scott was accompan ied at intervals by an instrumen tal trio led by Gene Cedric. But to Miss Scott having a very grand baby is more important -han having a baby grand! RANDOLPH SAYS FIGHT FOR FEPC CAN BE WON New York, NY, December' 29 In the office of 4he Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in New York City, A. Phillip Randolph, International President stated that nothing was ever more plain than the fact that bills S101 and HR 2232 for a permanent federal fair employment practice commiL tee can be enacted in the 79th Congress. The only thing necess ary to put this legislation through Congress over the rabble-rousing ■==-=■ ^ ~'= 1 -- ■ --- ... ' =ZX Ask Coast Guard Probe In Mulzac Treatment In Smuggling Washington, D C—A request I that a full investigation be made of the incident reported from Mar" seilles November 23-24 in which Captain Hugh Mulzac, of the Li berty Ship Booker T. Washington was accused of trying to smuggle a German woman into the United ’ States has been telegraphed to \ Admiral Joseph F. Farley of the United States Coast Guard by the NAACP. The facts in the case are very meager, but according to crew members a German woman was found aboard the Booker T. Wash ington before it sailed, and her luggage was discovered in the cu stody of the ship’s butcher, A lieutenant (j. g) of the Coast Guard at Marseilles is reported as having accused Captain Mul zac of giving the woman shelter aboard the ship for the purpose of permitting her to attempt to enter the United States illegally. The Booker T. Washington was said to have been detained 29 hours at Marseilles while the Coast Guard officer conducted a trial of Cap tain of Mulzac. The woman is re ported to have come aboard ship up the main gangplank under the eyes of US military police. The NAACP wire said that in view of Captain Mulzac’s exem plary record during the war we demand complete investigation of incident and proper disciplinary action if Coast Guard officer be haved as reported in Marseilles. filibuster of Bilboism and south ernism and also the die-hard Tory ism of the Manufactures Associa tion, is for the Negro masses and other minorities including Jews, Catholics etc. to rear upon their hindlegs and fight with all their might by holding endless mas3 meetings and sending letters, tele grams, postcards and make tele, phone calls to the White House, leaders of the Senate and House in the interest of these bills. The National Council for a Permanent FEPC headed by Ann Arnold Hedgeman is leading the way and has built the foundation upon which victory in Congress for such 1 blls can be achieved concluded [ Mr. Randolph. IMPERIALISTS THRILL LARGE1 CROWD SAT URBAN LEAGUE Omahans packed the auditorium at the Urban League and were delighted with the initial recital of the Imperialist Choral group Sunday, December 30. The group was presented by the Omaha Ur ban League and the Zeta Phi Beta j Sorority. The programme opened with a I saxophone solo by Mr,. Willie Da-1 vis accompanied by Air., Booker I T. Washington at the piano. Mr | Washington then rendered a piano solo- Miss Young Lee Sims was the soloist in Mr. Paul Briggs s arrangement of ‘‘Rocka My Sou!' and the group then sang “I’m so Glad’’ and “Until I Found Tiie Lord”, both arranged by the bril- j liant director of the group, Mr. '■ Bell. Then “Please, Jesus" arran-: ged by Briggs was rendered to complete the first group. The second group included "Oh Holy Night”, Mrs. Colleen St Clair soloist; and "The Lords Prayer" with Mr. Briggs soloist; “Joy to the World” and “Silent Night" with Airs. St Claif again in the role of soloist and "Poor Little Je sus Boy” was sartg in the back ground as Mr. Duward R. Crooms , narrated the story of Christmas. A male quartet composed of Bell, Briggs, George Miles and Clarence Smith then thrilled the audince with two of Bell’s ar rangements, “Go Tell it on the Mountain” and "Jingle Bells". For the closing group, the cho rus sang "White Chrastmas” and “O Come, All Ye Faithful” as ar ranged by Bell and closed with thc audience joining in the singing of Berlin’s “God Bless America”. All present were liberal in the praise bestowed on the group and their young director, Mr Waiter Bell. They are looking forward to In frequetn columns and on almost every lecture platform Schuyler will poitn out that neither the Democrats nor the Republicans can bring freedom I for the Negro because they are only stooges of Big Business which invariably stands to profit from di viding the working people. Now after this analysis, how Brother Schuyler can say with a straight face that the Marxists ‘ ‘have no program'’ when they are continually calling for a Workers’ Government with the construction of a Socialist Society where it would be impossible for any class to profit from exploitation or racial perse cution—how he can contradict his own logic, then, in such a way—I am sure can easily be explained by Southern Conference No. 1 Enemy of the South, Says Theodore Bilbo The Bilbois plague is still men acing uemocracy in the United States. The most recent outburst is the violent attack on the Sou thern Conference for Human Wel fare in which Bilbo says, If I were called upon to name the Number One Enemy of the South today, it would be the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. The question may be properly asked as to who Vould call on Bilbo for such a des ignation. The people who know Bilbo would have little doubt as to who was the South’s number one enemy. The letter from Sen ator Bilbo in full follows: UNITED STATES SENATE James A. Dombrowski Executive Secretary Southern Conference for Human Welfare 506-507 Presbyterian Building Nashville3, Tenn. Dear Dombrombrowski: I have just received through a friend of mine in Jackson, Miss., two sheets that your un-American negro social equality, communi stic, mongrel outfit is sending out throughout the country in your mad desire to build up a factual case against the right and prero gative of a United States Senator or Senators to filibuster any ob jectionable legislation that is pro posed in this great body. Of course your immediate aim is to secure the passage of the un democratic, un-American anti-poll tax bill which is now pending on the Calender of the United States Senate by defeating the right and powr of Senators to object by fili buster. In other words you are trying to bull-doze and intimidate members of the Senate who are conscientiously opposed to this un American piece of legislation Filibustering in the Senate has Deen a right and prerogative since the adoption of the Constitution of the United States and it has been resorted to by Senators of great renown in the past to defeat vicious legislation and it can be truthfully said that there has ne ver been a successful filibuster throughout the 150 pears of the Republic but what time has shown that it was wise and best for the people and the Nation. Beginning last December I per sonally stopped the passage of the so-called Land Grant Railroad bill by a threatened filibuster and by continuing this fight this session hearing this group in future pre sentations. L? ... IVAL PETERSON Files For Governor I VAL PETERSON ELGIN PUBLISHER TOSSES HAT IN RING ELGIN, Nebr. —Val Peterson, former lieutenant colonel in the army air forces and publisher of the Elgin Review, this week filed for the Republican nomination for governor. The stocky, 42-year-old World War II veteran filed at Neligh, county seat of Antelope county, and at the secretary of state’s of fice at Lincoln. • Peterson is not a newcomer to Nebraska politics. He was man ager of Sen. Hugh Butler’s success I was able to secure an amend ment to this piece of legislation fixing the date of its effectiveness on October 1, 1946, and through this period of 22 months that 1 kept this bill from becoming law I was able to place in the Trea sury of the United States for the benefit of the taxpayers of this Re - public about one-half Billion Dol lars, and then you tell me that fil ibustering is not a wise thing to do and besides since I have beer, in the Senate I have personally assisted in filibustering to death on different occasions the so called anti-lynching bill as well as (continued on pagrejjggp'8) ON MARCH OF DIMES COMMITTEE From January 14-31 contributions to a Mile O’Dimes stand in front of the Apollo Theatre, 253 West 125th Street, New York City, will be made by many persons who want poliomyelitis conquered. Under the auspices of the Greater New York Chapter of the National Founda tion for Infantile Paralysis, this Mile O’ Dimes stand is being con ducted by the Upper Manhattan March of Dimes Committee, an interracial group of leaders. Pictured here are some of the committee members, namely (left to right), Mrs. Gertrude A. Robinson, president of the National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, co-chairman; Edward J. Bernath, principal of P S 186, Manhattan, co-chairman; Mrs. Estelle Massey Riddle and Mrs Bessie Buchanan. Others on the committee are Jack Blumstem, the Rev. John H. Johnson, Col. Leopold Philipp, Miss Susan B. Plant, Frank Scbiffman and Atty. Hope R. Stevens. Contributions to the 125th Street Mile O’ Dimes stand will provide aid for infantile paralysis victims, regardless of age, race, creed or color. Only through your continued support will the National Foun dation be able to carry on and intensify its efforts to strdte down infantile paralysis, the common enemy of all the people.—Photo by Morgan Smith Studio. New v'*rk. _ _ ■Bg rrj.qL, . - i .fci1, '■■ii .i I.... ii,-,.'n. 1 ful primary and general election campaigns in 1940 and was secre tary to Gov. Dwight Griswold in 1941 and 1942. He took an ac tive part in the 1938 gubernator ial campaign and assisted Rep. Karl Stefan in congressional cam paigns in 1934 and 1936. During the Butler senatorial campaign and as secretary to Gov. Griswold, Peterson spoke in most of the state’s 93 counties and builf up an acquaintanceship in hun dreds of cities, towns, villages and country crossroads. The candidate resigned as Gris wold’s secretary in May 1942 to enter the army air forces. He spent 44 months in the air forces, 24 of which were in the China IndiaiBurma theatre- He was chief of plans and operations of the Northern Air Service Area Command at Chabua, Assam, In dia for 21 months and participat ed in supervising movement of supplies over the Hump into China. Peterson wa3 awarded the Bronze Star medal for his servic es in the bitter Burma campaign. Peterson had four brothers in the service. One, Capt. Paul Peter son, was killed at St. Lo during the invasion of Normandy. Peterson was born to Henry C. and Hermanda Swanberg Peter son at Oakland, Nebr., on July 18, 1903. He was christened Freder ick Valdemar Erastus Peterson, but has been known since child SJOINS GUIDE'S STAFF AS News Reporter i MISS DELORIS E. HALL Miss Delores E. Hall, lovely daughter of Mr. George Hall, born and reared in Omaha who lives at 2208 Charles, has been added to the staff of the Omaha Guide in the capacity of news reporter and subscription solicitor. If its news, we want it! Give Miss Hall a ring, JA 3217. hool as ‘ Val”. He filed under the name, Val. He attended high school at Wayne and was graduated from Nebraska Teachers College at Wayne in 1927 with an A. B de gree. He received a Master of Arts degree from the University of Nebraska in 1931. He did three years of graduate work at the uni versity while instructing classes in government. He was superintendent of schools at Elgin for six years and has 13 years’ teaching experience. He coa’ched athetics and taught at Carrol, Madosin and Kimball. In 1936 Peterson purchased the Elgin Review of which he is still editor and publisher. Peterson worked his way thru high school and college carrying the hod> plowing corn and one summer cooked on a Northwest ern Railroad bridge gang. A former president of district three of the state teachers associ ation, Peterson has been secretary and president of the Elgin Com mercial Club and a director of the Nebraska Association of Comm ercial Organization Secretaries. He served as a director of the Northeast Nebraska Press Asso. ciation and as secretary for the Oakdale Scribner Branch Organi zation to fight train service re moval. He is a member of several honorary and professional clubs and fraternities. Peterson was married in 1929 to Elizabeth Pleak, a native of Oma ha. Mrs Peterson lived in Omaha during her husband's military service. 4 January 31 4 THE LAST DAY ^ FOR MEN NOW IN THE ARMY TO 4 RETAIN THEIR PRESENT GRADES BY REENLISTING . . . Men now in the Army who re enlist before February 1 will be reenlisted in their present grade. Men honorably dis charged can reenlist within 20 days after discharge in the grade they held at the time of discharge, provided they re enlist before February 1, 1946. There’s a long list of attractive reenlistment privileges in the new Armed Forces Voluntary Recruitment Act of 1945. The ability to keep your present grade is only one of them, but this privilege expires on January 31. There are plenty of other reasons why many thousands of men have enlisted, and more thousands are enlisting every day. You’ll certainly want to know all of the opportunities open to you. If you’ll read them carefully, you’ll know why a job in the new peace time Regular Army is being regarded today as “The Best Job in the World.” i HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW ENLISTMENT PROGRAM 1. Enlistments for lVi, 2 or 3 years. ( 1-year enlistments permitted for men now in Army with 6 months’ service.) 2. Enlistment age from 17 to 34 years inclusive, except for men now in Army, who may reenlist at any age. 3. Men reenlisting retain present grades, if they reenlist within 20 days after discharge and before February 1, 1946. 4. The best pay scale, medical care, food, quarters and clothing in Army history. 5. An increase in the reenlistment bonus to $50 for each year of active service since such bonus was last paid, or since last entry into service. 6. Up to 90 days’ paid furlough, de pending on length of service, with fur lough travel paid to home and return, for men new in Army who enlist. 7. A 30-day furlough every year at full pay. 8. Mustering-out pay (based upon length of service) to all men who are discharged to reenlist. 9. Option to retire at half pay for life after 20 years’ cervice — increasing to three-quarters pay after 30 years’ ser vice. All previous active federal mili tary service counts toward retirement. 10. Benefits under the GI Bill of Rights. 11. Family allowances for the term of enlistment for dependents of men who enlist before July 1, 1946. 12. Opportunity to learn one or more of 200 skills and trades. 13. Choice of branch of service and overseas theater in the Air, Ground or Service Forces on 3-year enlistments. PAY PER MONTH- s m?iS?£r ENLISTED MEN »«• P»y income afte«: Per 20 fears' 30 fears' l« Addition In Food, Lndpn. Master Sergeant Monfh Seryic* Sery,c« Clothe* sod Mediesl Car* or First Sergeant $138.00 $89.70 $155.25 ★ Technical Sergeant 114.00 74.10 128.25 (a)—Plus 20% Increase for Staff Sergeant . . 96.00 62.40 108.00 Service Overseas, (b)—Plus Sergeant .... 78.00 50.70 87.75 50% if Member of Flying Corporal . . . 66.00 42.90 74.25 Crews, Parachutist, etc. (c) _ . -Plus 5% Increase In Pay Pr|vatc First Class . 54.00 35.10 60.75 for Each 3 Years of Service. Private .... 50.00 32.50 56.25 SEE THE JOB THROUGH reenust now at your nearest ^ jy^^yp ARMY RECRUITING STATION b e a 1516 Douglas St. “GUARDIAN OF VICTORY" ~ , AT K AIR, GROUND, SERVICE FORCES LrlTianas INCD. '■ ‘ ■ 1 .. •' I . i—i.,,,; *—1—— Bedford Park’s Beautiful Lots Are on the Market F or Sale Now! From $450 to $6G0 Call Realty Improvement Company 342 Electric Bldg. JA-7718 or JA-1S20 “Small Down Payment Will Do the Job”.