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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (Dec. 29, 1945)
& GERMAN RUINS
iisi.-S* ii; :9»
★ ★ ☆ ★
1—U. S. Third army attacks north ot
Bastogne against German's Belgium
salient. In France the Germans at
tack U. S. Seventh American forces
made a small gain in Italy. In the
P'Cifir American planes raid Lu
zon and Negros Islands in the Phil
9—German bulge in Belgium com
pressed by new Allied gains.
10—Forces under General MacArthur
invade Luzon, in Philippines.
17—Warsaw. Polish capital, falls to Rus
23—Russian forces reach Oder river.
28— U. S. First army strikes near St.
Vith, Belgium. British advance north
of Aachen. Germany.
29— Russians reach a point 93 miles
from Berlin. American Third army
enters Germany for first time near
Oberhausen. French forces also
smash across border.
3—First U. S. cavalry enters Manila.
6—Manila falls to U. S. forces.
10—U S. First army gains control of
main Roer nver dam.
U S. superfortresses raid Japan
from Guam base, hitting Tokyo dis
trict in daylight.
12— Decisions of Big Three meeting at
Yalta. Russia, announced.
13— Budapest, Hungarian capital, falls
17—U. S. troops land on Bataan, out
21—American Thunderbolt planes bomb
Berchtesgaden. Germany. Hitler's
2—Chinese take Chaling, important
stronghold in Hunan province.
6—Cologne, Germany's fourth largest
city, falls to U. S. First army
10—Tokyo hit by 1,000 tons of incendiary
bombs in heaviest raid.
12—American troops invade Mindanao
island in Philippines.
16— London area hit by V-2 bombs,
launched from Belgium and Holland.
17— Coblenz, Germany, captured by U.
S. Third army.
Resistance of Japanese on Iwo ends
after long fierce battle.
21—U. S. Third army enters Ludwigs
hafen. German troops in rout.
26—Seven Allied armies advance east of
the Rhine river.
2—U. S. Tenth army invades Okinawa.
13—Vienna, capital of Austria, capitu
lates to Ukrainian armies of Russian
19—Leipzig, fifth city of Germany, falls
to U. S. First army.
U S. Seventh army takes Nurem
berg, Nazi “shrine" city.
25— Berlin encircled by first two Russian
26— Bremen falls to British Second army.
Russians capture Stettin, important
U. S. First army meets Russian
First Ukrainian army or. bridge over
Elbe river near Torgau.
27— American tanks push across border
to Austria and capture Gegenbach.
Lt. Gen. Kurt Dittmar gives self up
at Magdeburg, admitting war is
28— False surrender report denied offi
cially by President.
29— Benito Mussolini, former Italian pre
mier, is executed by Italian parti
sans near Dongo. Italy.
U. S. Seventh army enters Munich,
birthplace of Nazi party.
Venice and Milan, major Italian
cities, fall to U S. Fifth army.
30— Russian flag flies over German
Reichstag building, as resistance
1—Premier Stalin of Russia in May day
firoclamation hails approaching Al
ied victory, saying "the collapse of
Hitlerite Germany is a matter of
the immediate future."
2—A million German soldiers, sailors
and airmen in Italy and part of
Austria surrender, under uncondi
tional terms signed April 29 at
Berlin capitulates to Russian armies
under Marshals Zhukov and Konev.
Allied combined forces invade Bor
4—All German forces in northwest Ger
many, the Netherlands. Dfenmark,
Helgoland and the Frisian islands
surrender unconditionally to British
Field Marshal Montgomery.
5—German army group G, comprising
400.000 men. surrenders to U. S'.
General Devers. In the north Rus
sians take Swinemuende, and two
6—U. S Third army advances into
Czechoslovakia and Austria, taking
Pilsen and Karlsbad.
7—German high command representa
tives. headed by Col. Gen. Gustav
Jodi, meet Allied officers to arrange
surrender details at Reims, France.
8—UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF
GERMANY FORMALLY RATIFIED
IN BERLIN. ENDING WAR IN
EUROPE AT 11:01 CENTRAL EU
ROPEAN TIME (6:01 EWT.)
22—U. S. war and navy secretaries re
lease news on Japanese bomb-carry
ing balloons, stating that they are of
slight military importance.
26—Tokyo hit by 4.000 tons of incendiary
bombs from 500 superfortresses.
27—Chinese capture Nanning.
O-U. O. Xmi U urrtri, UIIUCJ nuiiwini
Halsey, raids Japan from carriers
16—Daylight raid made on Osaka. This
marks the 77th superfortress raid on
22—Ail resistance on Okinawa ends after
bitter 82-day struggle, during which
90.461 Japs were killed. 4.000 cap
tured. American losses were 11.260
killed, 33.769 wounded.
28—All of island of Luzon, largest of
Philippines, is liberated.
5—ENTIRE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
LIBERATED. AND CAMPAIGN VIR
TUALLY OVER. GENERAL MAC
14—U S. Third fleet batUeships shell
Honshu island bases, only 275 miles
north of Tokyo. This is first direct
naval attack on home islaMs of
26—Labor party wins British election.
31—U. S. destroyer force of Third fleet
shells Shimizu, aluminum production
center on Honshu, island. Japan.
U S. Twentieth air force drops leaf
lets on 12 Japanese cities, warning
them that they were marked tor de
2 Berlin conference on Germany s tu
• u BOMB USED FOR FIR
IN WAR. LEVELS foul -
H oshima. Japan kilt
W ERA IN VVA
8— RUSSIA DECLARES WAR ON JA
PAN and begins offensive operations
9— SECOND ATOMIC BOMB DROPPED
ON NAGASAKI. JAPAN, razing one
third of city. Total killed 10.009.
This bomb was more powerful than
one that blasted Hiroshima.
10—JAPAN OFFERS TO SURRENDER,
provided Emperor Hirohito is left in
ussians advance 105 miles into Man
11—President Truman replies to Japanese
peace offer that Hirohito will be re
12—Russian armies continue advance.
reaching 155 miles into Manchuria
14—JAPAN SURRENDERS UNCONDI
TIONALLY Emperor Hirohito
agrees to accept terms of Potsdam
declaration. President Truman an
nounces capitulation of Japan at
7 p. m.
General MacArthur is appointed su
preme commander for the Allied pow
ers. to make all arrangements on
surrender details, and to set up mili
New Japanese cabn,..t formed, head
ed by Prince Naruhiko Higashi-Kuni.
27 -Japanese commanders of Truk. Rota.
Yap and Jaluit negotiate to lay
In Philippines. General Yamashita
prepares to quit.
28—First of U. S. occupation troops land
Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright and
35 other high-ranking officers of
American. British and Dutch armies
who had been prisoners of Japs at
Mukden. China, are flown to Chung
31 —(General MacArthur establishes head
quarters at New Grand hotel in Yoko
1— Main force of U. S. Eighth army
lands at Yokohama and spreads out
in surrounding area.
British forces land at Hong Kong.
8—JAPANESE SURRENDER TERMS
OFFICIALLY SIGNED on U. S. Bat
tleship Missouri in Tokyo bay.
8— Army and navy casualty figures re- i
leased. Total army dead since Dec.
7. 1941, all theaters is 203.379; navy,
53.617. Wounded, army. 571.589; navy.
10— Japanese Imperial staff ordered dis
solved by General MacArthur
11— Former Jap premier Hldeki Tojo at
tempts suicide by shooting, but fails
and is saved by American medical
"Big Five” conference opens in Lon
don, as foreign ministers of the
United States, Britain, Russia.
France and China meet for pre
liminary arrangements of peace
2— Gen. George Patton removed as
military governor of Bavaria.
5—Japanese cabinet resigns.
9— Pierre Laval condemned to death
as a traitor.
22—French Communists win largest
number of seats in Assembly.
24—Vidkun Quisling. Norwegian collab
orationist. executed as traitor.
I 26—Chinese Central government and
I Communist forces clash.
1— British government plans to "na
tionalize” civil airlines, radio and
2— Arabian Nationalists call general
strike, and riot in Syria. Lebanon.
Egypt and Palestine.
10— Chinese Central government troops
clash with Chinese Communist forces
British Indian troops open drive
against rebel army in Java.
18—Revolt flares in northern Iran, in
zone occupied by Russian troops.
20—German war criminals go on trial at
30—Russian troops evacuate Teheran,
capital of Iran, but refuse to allow
Iranian forces to enter territory now
occupied by Russians.
3— General MacArthur orders arrest of
59 prominent Japanese as war crim
inals, including Prince Nashimoto
and two former premiers.
5—U. S. lends 550 million dollars to
France through Export-Import Bank
credit for rehabilitation purposes.
7—Jap general Tomoyuki Yamashita.
"Tiger of Manila." condemned to die
by hanging for war crimes.
11— Russia agrees to allow Chinese Na
tionalist troops to fly into Manchuria
and take over several strategic
13—British and French sign pact on
Syria and the Levant.
16— Prince Fumimaro Konoye. of Japan’s
royal family, committed suicide rath
er than stand trial as war criminal.
17— Foreign ministers of Russia. Great
Britain and the United States begin
atomic parley at Moscow.
3—Congress reconvenes Sam Rayburn
is re-elected speaker of the house.
6— President Roosevelt delivers message ,
to congress, urging a National Serv
ice act; use of 4F in war service;
a draft of nurses; universal military
training after the war; a new tax
program for peace.
9—President's budget message sets ex
penditures for 1946 fiscal year at 83
20—President Roosevelt inaugurated for
19— All places of entertainment are or
dered closed at midnight by War
Mobilization Director Byrnes, to save
light and fuel.
1—Henry A. Wallace is confirmed as
secretary of commerce by senate,
56 to 32
7— William Davis is appointed director
of economic stabilization by the Pres
ident. to succeed Fred Vinson
18—Nine army officers are raised to lull
generals by the President. They are:
McNarney. Bradley. Krueger. Somer
vell. Spaatz, Kenney, Clark, Devers
12—PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT DIES at
Warm Springs. Ga.. of cerebral hem
Vice President Harry S. Truman
takes oath of office as President. He
asks cabinet members to continut to
16—President Truman addresses a joint
session of congress, saying that ' we
must cany on as Roosevelt would
want us t» do.”
24— Senate extends draft for one year,
25— United Nations conference opens at
San Francisco with 46 nations repre
27—War Production Board revokes 40
controls over industry, affecting a
variety of consumer goods.
2—The President asks for reductions in
1946 federal budget, totaling 80 mil
lion dollars. Various war agencies
President Truman names Robert H.
Jackson, associate justice of the U. S
Supreme court, to be chief counsel
for the United States on the allied
war crimes tribunal. Robert E Han
negan. chairman of the Democratic
national committee, is appointed
postmaster general. succeeding
8— President officially announces surren
der of Germany. Nation celebrates
16—Controls on manufacture of farm ma
chinery lifted on most items by War
Production Board. Only 19 of the
previous 98 articles now limited
21—Most of striking coal miners return
to work Only seven of the 333 mines
seized by the government hold out.
23—Several changes in cabinet made by
President Truman. Thomas Clark
replaces Francis Biddle as attorney
general; Lewis Schwellenbach be
comes secretary of labor, replacing
Frances Perkins; Clinton Anderson
replaces Claude Wickard as secre
tary of agriculture.
9— Gen George Patton. Lt. Gen. James
Doolittle return to U. S. and receive
ovations. Gen. Omar Bradley, who
came back June 7. is honored at
birthplace in Randolph Co.. Mo.
30—James F Byrnes appointed secretary
of state by President.
2—President Truman presents United
Nations charter to senate, urging
4—Agriculture department estimates
number of persons living on farms,
as of Jan. 1, to be 25.190.000. lowest
in 35 years, and 17 per cent decline
7—Millions of counterfeit red ration cou
pons are floating, the OPA reveals,
particularly in large cities. Six men
arrested in this connection in New
ark. N. J
12—Penicillin made available to public,
beginning Aug 1
20—House passes senate bill on Bretton
Woods international money accord
' 28—Senate ratifies United Nations char
7— Addition ot 158.000 barrels a day of
high test gasoline to national quota
practically doubles supply to civil
ians. petroleum administration an
8—President Truman signs United Na
tions charter, making U. S. first na
tion to accept famous document in
14— Official presidential proclamation an
nounces end of war with Japan.
War manpower controls are lifted en
tirely, WMC announces.
15— Gasoline, fuel oil, canned fruits and
vegetables removed from ration list.
16— Army and navy procurement depart
ments cancel orders for munitions,
ships and supplies for 16 billion dol
lars. Riotous peace celebration In
San Francisco ends with ten dead,
many injured and property damage
and losses from looting very heavy.
Navy personnel barred from city.
19— Churches of nation offer prayers of
thanks for victory.
21— Lend-lease ends, except for commit
ments already made but not deliv
22— Army announces demobilization plan.
2— President in radio address on offi
cial V-J day praises armed forces.
5— Congress reconvenes. Reconversion,
demobilization, taxes and budget
are among great problems faced.
6— President’s message to congress
contains 21 points, designed to speed
return to peacetime living.
12—House votes to restore country to
standard time, ertective Sept. 30.
20— Senate passes compromise unem
ployment benefit bill, providing for
payments up to 26 weeks at from
$18 to $23 weekly, as determined
by state laws.
26— President Truman states that he
will take full responsibility for de
velopment of the atomic bomb and
atomic energy. The secret of the
bomb will not soon be divulged,
Strikes spread, involving oil in
dustry, auto manufacturing, coal
mining, and numerous service in
28—Round-the-world air service initiat
ed. First flight begins from Washing
ton as 40-passenger Skymaster takes
off on first leg of 23.147-mile journey,
will stop at Bermuda.
3— President Truman asks for creation
of commission to control atomic
23— Radio system to replace wires an
nounced by Western Union Telegraph
27— President Truman outlines 12-point
program on foreign policy.
30—President Truman recommends "sub
stantially higher wages,” but warns
factory workers and others that they
cannot expect the same "take-home
pay” as during wartime.
30—Rationing of shoes ended.
1— Senate passes bill reducing Income
tax levies, and repealing excess
profits tax and automobile use tax
5—Labor-management conference opens
10—British Premier Attlee arrives In
15— Pearl Harbor inquiry opens
19—President Truman asks congress l.r
national compulsory health insur
21 —United Auto Workers union goes on
strike at all General Motors plants.
23—All rationing of meat and butter
27— Strikes begin at several Montgomery.
Ward and Co. plants and stores.
28— Admiral Halsey raised to five-star
rank of admiral of the fleet.
2— President Truman’s aid asked in
housing shortage crisis.
3— Grand championship in fat cattle
competition won for fourth consecu
tive time at Chicago by Karl Hoff
man and Robert Storz of Ida Grove.
5—Government agencies announce that
400.00ffitires will be released to civ
ilians from military stock piles with
in a month, with more to follow.
7—Governor Green of Illinois delivers
speech at opening session of Re
publican National committee that is
considered fii 3t blast in 1946 con
12 Sugar rationing will have to extend
to 1947, decla.es Earl Wilson, chief
of sugar branch. U. S. D. A.
President Tiuman asks for price
ceilings on Id and new housing,
and reinstatement of priority sys
tem on building materials.
16 President Truman laid down U. S.
policy in China as Gen. George C.
Marshall departs for Far East.
1—Southern California U. wins annual
Rose Bowl game, defeating Tennes
see. 25 0. Other scores. Duke 29.
Alabama 26; Miami 26, Georgia Tech
12; Shrine game at San Francisco.
West 13, East 7; Southwestern U
35. National U. of Mexico 0.
3—Sammy Snuad wins Los Angeles
.Open golf tournament with score
26—New York Yankees sold to syndicate
headed by Larry McPhail.
13—Byron Nelson wins New Orleans
Open golf tournament after playoff
of tie with Jug McSpaden.
24 New York Athletic club retains
team title in National AAU track
and field meet
10—James Rafferty wins Columbia mile
in K. of C meet in New York,
beats Gunder Haegg.
16— Melio Bettina and Jim.ny Bivins,
heavyweights, get a draw in 10
round fight in New York
30— Joe Baksi gets decision over Lou
Nova in 10-round heavyweight fight
in New York.
31— Ohio State team wins title in NCAA
swimming championship at Ann Ar
2—Most valuable player award given
to Frank Sinkwich of Detroit Lions
professional football club of Na
15—National AAU women's swimming
meet at Chicago gives title to San
Francisco team, star of which is
22—Toronto Maple Leafs win National
Hockey League Stanley Cup, beat
ing the Red Wings in playoff 2-1
24—Major leagues select Sen. Albert
(Happy) Chandler of Kentucky as
baseball commissioner to succeed
Judge Kenesaw M. Landis.
9—Kentucky Derby is won by Hoop Jr.
with Eddie Arcaro riding.
24—Sammy Byrd takes ''Big Fore" golf
tournament at Detroit, defeating
Byron Nelson by nine strokes.
1—National professional tennis title
won by Welby Van Horn.
6—Tommy Holmes. Boston Braves right
fielder' breaks modern mark for
hits in consecutive games by hitting
in 34th straight game.
8—Charles Beaudry of Marquette U .
Milwaukee, wins NAAU decathlon
in Bloomfield. N J.
30—Byron Nelson takes All-American
golf tournament at Chicago.
8—Hambletonion Stake, nation's lead
ing trotting horse race, won by
Titan Hanover, driven by Harry
Pownall. at Goshen. N V.
12—Michigan State college wins men's
National AAU swimming champion
22 Pitcher Robert Feller, released from
navy, rejoins Cleveland Indians and
wins first game.
30 Green Bav Packers, professional
football team. defeat collegiate
Ail Stars in annual game a* CUi
4 . 19 to 7
| 2—Mrs. Sarah Cooke, of Boston, de
I feats Miss Pauline Betz. Los Angeles,
i for women's national tennis title,
at Forest Hills. H. Y
3—Sgt Frank Parker wins men's
amateur national tennis title at
Forest Park. N. Y.
31—Chicago Cubs clinch national league
pennant by defeating SL Louis.
Id—Detroit Tigers win world series
from the Chicago Cubs. Total paid
attendance for seven games. 333.457.
a new record. Receipts, gross. *1.
592.454. also a record.
14—The Louisville Colonels of Ameri
can Association win ‘‘little world
series” from Newark Bears of In
ternational league, four games to
two, at Louisville, Ky.
18—Joe Louis and Billy Conn sign for
heavyweight champion fight for
14—Phil Cavarretta. Chicago Cubs first
baseman- voted most valuable play
er in National league.
21—Hal Newhouser, Detroit Tigers’ pitch
er. is voted most valuable player in
1—Army beats Navy 32-13.
10—Washington Redskins win eastern
professional football title by defeat
ing New York Giants. 17-0.
13—Big league baseball meeting in Chi
cago ends. Pacific coast league re
fused major league status.
31—Day nursery in Auburn. Me., burns
down. Sixteen children, one woman
12— Forty-three persons die and hun
dreds are injured by a tornado
sweeping through Meridian. Miss.,
eastward to Montgomery. Ala.
8—Ohio river, in highest flood stage
since 1937, spreads destruction in
five states, paralyzing transporta
tion and halting war factories.
Damage estimated at half billion
dollars. Ten deaths and many in
13— A tornado smashing through parts
l of Oklahoma, Arkansas. Missouri
j and Illinois, kills 100 persons, in
jures hundreds more. Hardest hit
is Antlers. Okla.. where 58 die.
I J UI1C
J 15—Collision of passenger and freight I
train near Milton, Pa., kills 19, in
I jures 20 A broken journal is cause.
28—A B-25 bomber crashes into Empire I
State building in New York City. I
The three occupants of the plane
and ten persons in building killed.
25 injured. Fire sweeps entire floor.
Damage amounts to $500,000
9—Thirty-four killed, 40 injured, when
second section of crack train hits
rear ot first section near Michigan.
28 -Hurricane roars on coast of Texas
at 110 miles per hour for three days,
causing floods and wind damage to
many cities of coastal region.
15— Hurricane strikes Miami and travels
! inland with peak velocity of 143
miles per hour, Injuring 50 and
i causing damage of 60 million
26—Fourteen school children and a bus
driver drown when a school bus
plunges off an embankment into 50
feet of water in Lake Chelan, near
2—Snowstorm, accompanied by violent
wind, leaves 33 dead in path across
the northeastern states
13 Passenger train rams troop train in
Chicago. More than a hundred sail
16— Seven billion dollars’ worth oi
liquor was swallowed in the United
States during 1944, not counl mg
bootleg, the department of com
merce reports, an 18 pei cent ui
crease over 1943.
18—"Somewhere down the line someont
made a mistake," regrets Secretary
of War Stimson, referring to the
bumping of three servicemen from
an army cargo plane to make room
for a dog. The mastiff was con
signed by Col. Elliott Roosevelt to
his wife. Faye, in Hollywood. Calif
It had been purchased in England
7—Most popular songs, according to
survey by Variety, theatrical maga
zine. are "Don't Fence Me In."
"Accentuate the Positive. ' "Rum
and Cocoa-Cola," ”1 Dream of You,"
and "There Goes That Song Again."
24—Greer Garson. screen actress, re
ceives gold medal as “most popu
lar star in the United States, as
choosen by Gallup poll.
7—Booth Tarkington. novelist, awarded
the Howells medal by the Ameri
can Academy of Arts and Letters
This honor granted only every
15—Bing Crosby and Ingrid Bergman
receive Academy of Motion Pic
ture Arts and Science awards
("Oscars") for outstanding per
21—Gloria Vanderbilt, an heiress of
the famous Vanderbilt fortune, is
married to Leopold Stokowski, noted
, orchestra conductor, in Mexico.
16—Most popular songs, according to
Variety are "Bell-Bottom Trous
I ers,” “Dream,” "There! I've Said
l It Again.” “Candy," "My Dreams
Are Getting Better All the Time.”
Leland S. (Larry) MacPhatl. part
owner of the N. Y. Yankees, mar
ries Jean B. Wanamaker. in Balti
more. She had been his secretary
21—Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bo
gart. film stars, are married in
13—Deanna Durb'n, singing film star
and Felix Jackson, movie producer,
are married in Las Vegas. Nev
26 Merle Oberon. movie star, is mar
ried to T.ucien Ballard film camera
man. by proxy in Juarez. Mexico.
9—Total eclipse ot the sun. beginning
at 7:58 a m., eastern war time, is
visible in path extending from Idaho
through Montana and into Canada
29—Virginia (Ginny) Simms, radio and
screen singer, is married to Hyatt
R. Dehn. housing executive, in
Beverly Hills. Calif.
15—Most popular songs, according to
Billboard theatrical magazine, are
"On the Atchison. Topeka and Santa
Fe." "Sentimental Journey.” "Bell
Bottom Trousers.” "If I Loved You.”
“Gotta Be This or That."
2—Screen and radio actress Betty
Hutton weds Theodore Briskin
Chicago business man. in Chicago.
19—Shirley Temple, former child film
star weds Sgt. John Agar, scion
of a Lake Forest. HI., meat-packing
fortune, in Los Angeles
S.-Sgt.L. P. Lewis
W rites From...
THE NEGRO IN THE C0I
Just a few years ago, at the
ports of Calcutta and Bom bey,
thousands of American Negroes,
left those big troopships behind,
riding inland on numerous trains,
that were the most uncomfortable
they had ever known. Crowded Ilk0
sardines in a can, in dirty, stink
ing, hot sun-baked, wooden coa
ches. It was the best India had to
offer and it was accepted with grat
itude, because of the condition and
the terror the world was then suf
Like most Americans, they took
it with a laugh, and like most
Americans, they thought of the
great railroads at home, air- con.
ditioned, clean, and with great
safety and speed. They visualized
the porter and the waiter, the con
ductor and the brakeman; all the
comforts, all the courteous acts of
the railroad employees.
They hadn’t moved ten miles in
land before America became a
symbol to them, because they felt
a little more in their hearts that
days ahead would be the most mi
serable in their lives, and knowing
that real danger was ahead for
many of them, they prayed to God
to let them see America just once
On and on, hundreds of miles in.
land, across the width and the ru
shing current of the Ganges ri
ver. Then coming into their minds
was that beatiful song, "Moon
4— T rnnd the world flight of the Globe
ters ends in Washington. Flight
covered 23,279 miles in 149 hours.
44 minutes, including 33 hours 21
minutes ground time
17- Most poDUlar songs, according to
Billboard magazine are: "Till the
End of Time”; "I'll Buy That
Dream”; “On the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe”; “Along the Navajo
Trail”; "If I Loved You.”
13—A thousand U. S. navy men reply to
attacks by Hawaiian bullies by
smashing property in Honolulu. Fifty
sailors are arrested.
26—A propeller-driven plane attains
speed of 500 miles per hour in level
flight, highest rate ever reached, ex
cepting by jet planes. Flight made
at Wright field, near Dayton, Ohio,
in army experimental model called
2— Sale of great hoard of precious
stones held by alien property custo
dian begins. More than 300,000 jewels
seized from German interests are
3— New treatment for allergy ailments
announced by University of Illinois
• college of medicine. Drug is called
9—Delicate operation performed in Bal
timore on two-year-old Judy Hack
man of Seattle in effort to save life
Baby's heart is too small.
10 Carole Landis, movie star, married
for fourth time. New husband is W
Horace Schmidlapp. movie producer.
Gen. George S. Patton Jr., war
hero, suffers broken neck in auto ac
cident in Germany.
13— Mysterious illness strikes 74 U. S.
seamen returning from Philippines.
They are in Navy hospital at Val
16—U. S. Senator Francis T. Maloney,
(Dem.) Conn., serving second con
secutive term Dies in Meriden.
2—William E "Pussyfoot" Johnson.
82, leader in prohibition crusade,
dies in Binghamton, N. Y.
4— Charles W Bryan, brother of Wil
liam Jennings Bryan, and three
times governor of Nebraska, in
5 Alfred V. De Forest. 55, noted
engineer, professor, and radio in
ventor, in Marlboro. N. H
12—P RESIDENT FRANKLIN D
ROOSEVELT DIES AT WARM
SPRINGS, GA.. OF CEREBRA1
18— Ernie Pyle, famous war corre
spondent, killed by machine-gun bul
let on Ie island, near Okinawa.
14— Heber J. Grant, 88, president ol
Latter Day Saints (Mormon church),
in Salt Lake City.
6—Sen Hiram W. Johnson. 79, in
Washington, D. C. He entered the
senate in 1917.
16- John McCormack, famed lyric tenor.
61, in Dublin, Eire.
10—John Thomas, U. S. senator from
Idaho, in Washington, D. C., at 71.
21—Gen. Alexander Patch Jr., former
commander of the Seventh army
and later of the Fourth, at San An
tonio, Tex He was 55
28 Dwight Davis, 66, secretary of wai
in cabinet of Calvin Coolidge. ir
Washington. D C
Released bv Western Newspaper l'r.n*r
HISTORICAL EVENTS 50, 60,
AND 65 YEARS AGO
By H. W. Smith
Earthquake in Charleston, S. C
Riot in the Waymarket theatre.
Bombs exploded and nine police
officers killed in Chicago.
Johnstown, Pa. flood.
Plunkerton Hotel fire in Mil
The great Chicago fire in 1870.
Volcano eruption on Martineque
Excursion boat capsized in Chi.
cago and many persons drowned.
Iroquois Theatre burned in Chi
cago and many persons killed by
burns from the blaze.
Admiral Dewey of the US At
lantic fleet went into Manilla Bay
between mid-night and dawn.
Galveston, Texas destroyed by a
Tornado destroyed some parts of
Omaha and many persons killed
on March 23rd, Easter Sunday,
Riot in New Orleans, La., 11
men killed by a mob.
Earthquake in San Francisco
destroying many buildings in the
light on the Ganges.” The writer
couldn’t have been sitting here,
where they were crossing, when he
composed that song. The River
Ganges, at that place they crossed
had no joy, no, beauty, no romance
but everything was Just the oppo
site. Sick of K-rations, tired of be
ing hit by the mosquito, and
frightened when they used the toi
lets on the train because of the
small lizards which could not be
seen in the darkness, the Ganges
was just a muddy river, that help
ed breed mosquitoes.
Hundreds of tired men were un
loaded at diferent sections, taken
to staging areas, to be processed
further. Where to from there ?
Nobody knew and few cared, be
cause there was hope that the
next pi«i.e would be better; at
least they thought so, 'It couldn't
be worse,’ vas uttered by many
Seme were wrong bei-aiise they
were sent to a living he'I, and
many died there. Men givirg not
only their lives for theii country,
)n:t ’n''’.ths of work; toiling, when
it seemed like, to many, it was of
no purpese, of no gain. Pasning or
in the dense jungles, not like the
pioneers of c’d, because they could
stop and rest, but these men knew
no rest, just work, work and more
work, and after this never ending
work, dea'h awaited many of
Black and White together, somd
how they grew close., regardless
of the speeches by Bilho and the
many others who spread hate in
’heir country. The little time they
had for relaxation, th;y talked
with each otner, not ou.y of the
the many problems over hero that
they faced daiiy, but abcut the
strikes at home, the pcwei seck
ng politicians, money grabbers
teaching for excess war pr ifi.'s
a id the passion happy public, de
serting their husbands ana sweet
hearts, ’augh’ i: r.t the men who
v.ic then working, sweating, ard
Some, because of the tremendous
strain, lost their bearing, but the
most of them, stayed at their task
regardless of the danger and the
difficulties. Doing their duty as it
was deemed fit, by their superi
ors, and by God.
The sudden ending of the war,
took away from the public, the
outstanding achievement in engin
eering history, the building or the
Ledo Road. The full impact from
the supplies carried over the Ledo
..oad, I don’t believe was ever
felt by the Japanese. It had it’s
bearing on the ending of the war,
because with the opening of the
Lt-.o Road, the destruction of the
Japanese Army in China was a
In the Engineers, Air Corps, Sig
nal, Ordance, Quartermaster Me.
dical; Negroes worked, laughed,
and died. Men of other races,
worked, laughed, and died, beside
them. Everyone of them a builder
in blood and sweat, cocky about
being an American.
It is hard for the Indian to un
derstand the Negroe’s faith in
America, and our race being op
pressed in many walks of life in
our great country. What the In
dian doesn’t know, is that the Ne
groe has faith in what America
wants to be, and by the Negroe’s
faitn being so strong, it will be
felt and it will be achieved.
China, Burma, and India, the
CBI, just a few more months and
it will be history. The American
Negro will never be rorgotten
here. His generosity, kindness and
understanding of a poverty strick
en people, his big smile no matter
what the task, his faith, in what
is right will be given, no, he will
never be forgotten by this gener
ation or the generations to come.
The American Negro has not
sacrificed in vain. A white serg
eant, an Information and Educa
tion instructor for the U S Army,
finished his lecture to a Negro
company with these words, ’ when
we are home again, and i hope It
will be damn soon, we will be 12
million strong. We, the veterans
of this war, are going to have a
lot to say about how our country
is going to be run, believe me, we
aregoing to be powerful. I say
this to you now, you and your
race, are going to be able to vote
in any state you choose. We are
tired of the way a lot of things
have been going. We’ll all have a
chance for education, the right to
smtable employment. This is our
cuportunitv to work for the tree,
dom of every American, regard
less of Race. Creed, or Color.’
S-Sgt. Lawrence P. Lewis
Rumor of Large Surplus
of Autos, Trucks, False
"The public has in some man.
ner gained the impression that a
large supply of automobiles and
trucks will soon be available from
War Surplus,’ said Herbert Dan
iel, Manager of the Omaha office
of the Reconstruction Finance
“Not only will the supply of au
tomotive equipment be limited, the
condition of it will not be of the
best. We don’t want to disappoint
anyone who is contemplating the
purchase of such war surplus
equipment,” he said.
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