The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 27, 1945, Image 1

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    ■ LOCAL & NAT’L NEWS-lOc per copy “AND WORTH IT” ■
•jf ^ ^ **Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC■ ^ ■Sy ^
■ 1 ■■■■- ■■■ .■ .... ■■ ■ . —=-'
ox J x nn loxr o in,. ,T or. . -r> « . r.nteitd as 2nd class matter at Post-of nee. Omaha, Nebr., Under Ac*, of
Saturday, Oct. 27, 1945 Cur 18th Year No. 38 A 10c x. 6r Copy 'A' March 8, 1874. Publishing Offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha, Nebr.
READ: "Chatter-Box” A Youthful Column by Doris McGill, “Teen-Agers” by Juanita Hanger, Every Week in the Greater GUIDE!
To Hold 1 st Lutheran Services
for Omaha’s Colored People
Natl President DAR Declines To Meet Omaha
Civic, Labor And Women’s Organizations
Mrs. Juliug Y. Halmadge, nation
al president of the Daughters of
the American Revolution last week
declined to meet leaderg of Omah.
a'g civic, labor, and women’s organ*
izations who wished to meet her
for purposes' of protesting against
the society’s recent ban on a recital
by Hazel Scott, Negro artist, in the
DAR's tax-free Constitution Hall
in Washington, D. C.
In an exchange of correspondence
between Mrs. Talmadge and David
B. Bleicher, president of the Omaha
Progressive Leagtre. Mrs. Talmadgi
said that she appreciated the in
vitation to meet with the group,
but wag ‘‘quite busy” and had ‘‘a
crowded schedule". She was at
the Blackstone Hotel for a meet
ing of Omaha DAR chapters
Bleicher had wrritten Mrs. Talni
adge, ‘‘Leader8 of the Omaha Inter
racial Committee, the Omaha Bran
ch of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored Peo
ple, the Omaha Cpuncil for a Perm
anent FEPC, the Omaha League of
Women Voters, the Omaha Central
Labor Union, the Iowa-Nebraska
States Industrial Union Council,
the Nebraska CIO Women’s Auxil
iary the Omaha chapter of the Lea
gue of Women Shoppers and the
Omaha Progressive League would
like to meet you briefly at your
convenience this noon or afternoon
to discuss the DAR position on the
use of Constitution Hall by Negro
"We regard this as a matter of
vital importance to the future of
Mrs. Talmadge replied. "Please
pardon the informality of my reply,
but 1 am quite busy at thig time.
I appreciate your invitation to
| with your group, but it will
fuite Impossible to do go be.
^ Se of a crowded schedule for the
“Like Mrs. Talmadge, all the peo
ple who wished to meet her are
busy people," commented Bleicher.
"They too have crowded schedules
However, they were anxious to
drop their other affairs and to take
the time to protegt against the
DAR'j discrimination against Ne
gro artists.”
“Mrs. Halmadge's ancestors were
not too busy to talk about democ
racy. Why ls she?"
The delegation planning to see
Mrs. Talmadge included Mrs. C. It.
, Ross, Mrs. Mary Hyde, Rev. C.
Adams Mrs. Robbie Turner Davis
» J
A. M. Witzling, George J. Paulson.
Mrs. Joseph Millen. Mrs. Frank
Cronin, Mrs. Viola Beeson. Mrs.
Earl Graham, Mrs. W. E. Schaefer,
Mrs. Katherine Leslie and John H.
Naacp. Opposes
Tax Exemption
On Dar Hall
Washington. DX!. ■,_Legislation
proposing the removal of the tax
exemption from Constitution Hall,
owned by the Daughters of the A
merican Revolution, will have the
support of the NAACP throughout
the country, it was announced here
this week. The DAR refused the
use of the hall to Hazel Scott, pi
anigt, for a concert because she is
a Negro. The organization is free
of taxes on the biulding and land
because it claims to be public insti
tution, serving all the people of the
The movement to remove the tax
exemption is being initiated on the
grounds that since the hall bars
Negro artists, it is now a private
enterprise and should pay taxes.
In New York Walter White, NA
ACP secretary, issued the following
“There is no more complete baro
meter of the low estate to which
the Daughters of the American
Revolution have sunk than the fact
that the organization’s sole defend
ers are Rankin an,} Bilbo. Refusal
of the use of Constitution Hall ta
artists because of race or color,
coming at the close of war agains'
Hitlerism, is appalling. The action
of the DAK, however, ig not without
value if it arou*<s Aitfcficang to a
realization that they have helped
destroy Hitlerism in Germany but
permitted it to grow unchecked
and unrebuked here in the United
| States. The NAACP Legal Comm.
I ittee and the Association ag a
whole will leave no stone unturned
I to effect the withdrawal of tax ex.
emption and other benefits which
the DAR enjoys as a quasi-public:
“The public might have forgiven
Mrs. Truman for attending the
luncheon the invitation for which
she had accepted prior to the den
ial of the use of Constitution Hail
to Hazel Scott. But her reply ‘Why
Not?’ in response to a newspaper
man’s inquiry as to whether she
would accept future invitations
from the DAR is most disappoint
ing, particularly in contrast with
the action of her distinguished pre
decessor as First Lady...”
Hits Printing DAR
Reports at Grov’t.
Washington, DC_The fact that
annual reports of the Daughters of
the American Revolution are print
ed at Government expense was dis
closed today by Leslie Perry, NAA
CP Washington Bureau, in a tele
gram of protest to Senator Carl
Hayden, Chairman of the Senate
Committee on Printing. Perry said
that the DAR has issued annual re
portg for the past 47 years, all ot
which have been printed by the
Government Printing Office as Sen
ate Documents. The last report,
which was printed in 1945. in a 202
page booklet, Perry said.
The NAACP urged Senator Hay
den and other members of the Com
cittee to . introduce and considei
legislation immediately to repeal
' the section of the law, contained in
the Act incorporating the DAR, au
thorizing the Daughter to make
U. S. Marines Occupy Tientsin in China
___ ,— -—_n —i- .[--I——mff-T—nr-mnn—wnrnnnimHHnnii*'" ffli 'iiphiii wi“
Washington, DC._U. S. Marine)
Photo (Soundphoto) Thousands of
overojyed Chinese turned out to
greet the First Marine Division on
October 1, 1945 when the Leather
nicks occupied the city. For most
of these people it meant the end of
eight long years of Japanese sup.
h *
The NAACP ig filing a petition
for clemency in the case of Purilie
S. Jackson. 24790231. formerly of
Company “F" of the 1311th Engin
eer COS) Regiment. Jackson was
tried and convicted by general
court-martial in Nashville. Tennes
see. on February 7. 1944 for as
sault with intent to do bodily harm
on three white civilians. He was
convicted and sentenced to a dis
honorable discharge and twelve
o -
j The first Lutheran Services for
j Colored people will be held Sunday
, at the former Pella Lutheran
Church. 30th and Corby streets. Tli*
services will begin at 10 o'clock
with the Rev. W. C. OUenberg
preaching on the topic, ‘‘The Sav
iour of All Sinners”. A general in
vitation is' extender to the comm
unity to attend this initial service.
The Lutheran Church (Missouri
Synod) acquired the property a
few months ago with the intention
of organizing a congregation.
Pella Lutheran Congregation, the
former owners, are relocating and
intend to build at 42nd and Dodge
In the very near future, the pres
ent owners will place a full-time
resident pastor in the community,
to live in the parsonage, 2721 N,
30th street. Pastor Ollenburg of
Mt. Olive Lutheran in Florence
will be In cnarge until the regular
pastor arrives. At that time a Sun.
day School will be started and also
church membership classes.
an annual report of its activities to
the Smithsonian Institution and
The full text of the NAACP tele
gram to Senator Hayden was as
“'The Act or Congress incorporat
ing the National Society of the
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion which was approved on Febr
uary 20. 1S96, authorized the soc
iety to report annually to the Smith
sonian Inglitute and Congress- Un
doubtedly itg privilege of having
its reports printed and circulated
at the expense of the American tax
payers was predicted upon the as
sumption that the DAR would live
up to the lofty purposes set forth
in its charter. The certificate ot
incorporation ligts the DAR'g pur
poses: ‘To perpetuate the memory
and spirit of the men and women
who achieved American independ
ence, to cherish, maintain and ex
tend the. institution of freedom; to
foster true patriotism and love ot
country and to aid in securing for
mankind all the blessings of liber
ty.' In the light of the racial prac
tices of the DAR, which are cur
1 rently receiving wide public atten
j tion, it can hardly be said they are
I discharging the high responsibilit
t ies which which they are charged.
| under the law. Frankly, in our
judgment, te entire charter should
be declared forfeited, but in no e
vent is there any justification what
ever for continuing to permit this
organization to print and circulate
its reports at oGvernment expense.
We strongly but respectfully urge
that your committee introduce and
consider immediately legislation to
repeal laws giving their reportg the
' status of public documents.”
I -
years at hard labor.
The record discloses that the al
tercation started "'hen Jackgon sat
at a table reserved for whites in a
drug store in Nashville, Tenn.,
I and that his so-called white victims
were actually the aggresgors. The
NAACP through its petition for
clemency seekg to have the remain
der of Jackson’s sentence commu
ted and have him restored to duty
j with the opportunity to earn an
| honorable discharge.
■‘•For All the Latest
N-E-W-S - Read The
Greater Omaha Guide
. .Every Week
| ^5
j Hallowe’enj
Wed., Oct. 31
# - © - &
New York—Cases in which Ne
groes sought to register in Ala
bama and Louisiana which were
dismissed in the courts in those
states will be appealed to the Uni
ted States Circuit Court of Ap
peals for the fifth district, it was
announced here this week by Thur
K«od Marshall, special counsel of
the NAACP.
Judge Caillouet dismissed the
Louisiana case on September 17 anj
Judge C. B. Kennamer dismissed
the Alabama case on September 12.
The two cases are test ones brought
to enjoin the policy of registration
officials in Louisiana and Alabama
from subjecting Negroes to tests
not required of white registrants.
NAACP lawyers sfated that these'
>wo cases are a pal t of the program
to break down il types of discrim
inatory practices preventing Ne
groes from voting in the South.
These cases along with the recent
primary case in Jacksonville, Fla.,
and new cases in Orlando, Fla..
[ are part of the sustained program
of the NAACP which will continue
and increase until every semblance
of discrimination against Negroes
in the exercige of the right to vote
is abolished.
Mr. Marshall also stated that the
victory in Georgia, in which Judge
T. Hoyt Davis ruled that Negroes
must be permitted to vote in the
Democratic primary was instituted
and carried forward by the Macon
barnch of the NAACP.
New York_Characterizing Paul
Robeson as a "man who exemplifi
es the finest in American and Am
erican Negro traditions of accom
plishment, sportsmanship, and con
tribution to public welfare,” Mar
shall Field, Chicago publishers, for
[ inally presented the great actor
^ singer with the 30th Spingarn Med
al at a dinner here October 18 at
| the Hotel Biltmore.
I Before a distinguished gathering
j of more than 500 persons, Mr. Field
I reviewed the accomplishments of
I Mr. Robeson and declared that the
I 30 winners of the Spingarn Medal,
j "pre-eminent pioneers of a people
fighting for its rights on the front
i iers of intolerance and bigotry,
I have been and are at least as hero
ic figures as those of other peoples
who have fought on these and other
frontiers whether those frontiers
be physical or spiritual.
"A white man can talk of what
ench Negro pioneering means, but
it is with great difficulty that a
white man grasps and appreciates
the cost of outstanding accomplish
ment by an American Negro. V.’hen
a white man becomes a leader if.
business, science, authorship, civic
> -—
Race Passengers Ordered Out of Cab;
Driver Then Solicits White Trade
Omaha, Nebraska, eii
October 16, 1945
Editor-Publisher, OMAHA GUIDE.
I am writing you this letter, first knowing that it
will be one sure method that Mr. and Mrs. Omaha will
know of what is getting to be a rather Chronic Con
dition existing in Our Fair City, and knowing, person
ally of your feeling toward such happenings, I ani
trusting sincerely that you publish this letter.
On October 15, 1945 at 8.45 p. m., my brother and I
arrived from St. Joseph, Mo. via Burlington Zephyr.
Having been accorded excellent service by the Bur
lington Ry. We ascended by way of escolator. We
approached and entered a Checker Cab. There were
additional passengers who had also entered the cab all
coming north to 24th and Lake streets. We were ap
proached by the driver and ordered from the cab. He
began soliciting white passengers asking, “Where tor”
It so happened they were going several directions as
well as in the same direction we wanted to go. After
having been ordered from the cab I checked his report
sheet for his driver s number. His report gave his
number a No. 24 Cab 64.
The irony of it all Mr. Galloway is that while I was
in Missouri (mind you Missouri) we were accorded
excellent cab service under similar conditions. Now in
the Metropolis of Nebraska which is suppose to be a
liberal one, I find conditions worse as to compared to
the ex-slave state of Missouri. ,
I have heard numerous similar complaints from
others arriving here b> train and cannot secure cab
service from the depots. Frankly speaking something
should be done about this.
Thanking you in advance,
I remain, respectfully,
A Negro Appointed Conductor
In-Chief of Berlin Orchestra
- (
Hollywood (CNS) While white
people in America are making a over the great need for
teaching the German people our
“democratic way of life,” the Ger
man people have shown that they
will shortly be in a position to do
some talking back to the Americ
For last Monday, the startling
news came over the French radio
that Rudolph Dunbar. Negro con
ductor, had actually been nominat-,
ed Conductor-in-Chief of the r,5
year old Berlin Philharmonic Orch
estra, long a bulwark in European
musical life, anj a musical institu
tion respected all over the world.
Rudolph Dunbar had been invited
to conduct several concerts at the
beginning of September, and won a
triumph so outstanding that Ber
lin’s newspapers wrote enthusiast
ically about his sensitive conduct
ing and his suPerl°r musical abil
ity. Some people in Berlin had
thought that Negroes belonged to
a decadent race until they heard
Rudolph Dunbar conduct, and at
that point their ideas changed.
Generously, they admitted that
they had iTeen wrong, and took the
new young conductor to their
hearts. When they wanted to elect
a new permanent leader, they first
offered Dunbar the post of Assoc
iate Conductor. Dunbar declined
because of lug many other commit
ments. Then it was decided to of- j
fer him the chief pogt. ■
This is a fantastic thing to have
happened in Germany, about which
we have heard so many tales of
race prejudice in the pagt ten years
But the more fantastic aspect of
the situation is that there is at
present NOT ONE gymphony orches
tra in democratic America which
would do the same thing, no mat.
ter how capable the Negro candi
date for such an honor might be.
It is true that William Grant Still
and Dean Dixon have been guest
conductors with geveral of our
great orchestras, but none have ev
er been accorded an honor like this.
r ' --- >
flash! A New National Radio
Program \“C10 for America.”
Hear President Philip Murray’s dramatic plea for a decent
wage for all Americans. Hear his careful analysis of the
need for full employment, its importance for all groups in
our national life.
10:00 10:15 p. m., EST, American Broadcasting Comp
ang (Blue Network).
• Organize listening groups in your home.
• Discuss the program, “CIO for America,’' with your
• Do your share in the fight for FULL EMPLOYMENT
and DECENT WAGES for all by building the listen
ing audience for this program.
• Send your comments on the programs to Philip Murray,
President, CIO, 718 Jackson Place, N. W., Washing
ton, 6. D. C.
affairs. singing or acting, he has to |
make great sacrifices, it is true and i
exhibited an amazing single.mind-1
edness of purpose. But when a
Negro achieves a similar pre-emin
ence in what is still a whitc man's
social system, he requires all of
those qualities an<j the additional
courage anj strength necessitated
by our shameful caste system in
this country.
"It is little wonder that the Ne
groes who have accompl!gl:ed what!
is symbolized by the Spingarn Med
al have had such thrilling and in
credible life histories. In many
cases, they have endured trials that
few white Aemricang can imagine,
and even fewer have experienced."
Mr. Field wag introduced by Wal"
ter White, who presided. Follow
ing the Field gpeech Paul Robegon
responded. Marian Anderson. her
self a Spingarn Medalist. was also
on the program.
Tne Spingarn Medal was institu
ted in 1914 by th€ late J. E. Sr in.
gain, long-time officer of the NA
ACP to be awarded for the nigh,
est or noblest achievement by an
American Negro ouring the prec
' ding year or years.'’
The citation accompanying the a
wards to Mr. Robeson reads: “For
his distinguished achievements in
the theatre and on the concert
stage, as well as for his active con
cern for the rights of the Common
Man of every race, color. rel'g;on.
and rationality.”
Washington, DC_General Geor
ge C. Marshall, Chief of Staff. U.
K. A., told ongress last week that
unless the United State8 has a uni
fied military command, there is
little hope that the nation can se
cure a “lasting peace". General
Marshall is shown as he appeared
before the Senate Military Affairs
“For All the Latest
N-E-W-S Read The
Greater Omaha Guide
. .Every Week
Jackie Robinson, Monarch Shortstop, First Negro
To Enter Big League ‘White’ Baseball Organization
Jackie Robinson Breaks Contract with Kansas
City Monarchs; Signs with Brooklyn Dodgers
Montreal—Speaking for the Brooklyn ball club,
Branch Rickey, Jr., said Wednesday, October 24,
1945, the Dodgers may have the alligator by the tail
in signing the first Negro ball player ever admitted
to big league (white) baseball, but if trouble’s a
head “we won’t avoid it.”
i The son of the Brooklyn president predicted it
“even mav cost the Brooklyn organization a num
ber of ball players.”
“But even if some players quit,” the Dodger
farm system director added, “they’ll be back after
a year or two in a cotton mill.”
‘‘I realize what I’m going into,” Jackie Robinson
former star shortstop of the K. C. Monarchs s::id.
“‘I also realize how much it means to me, to my
race and to baseball. I’m very happy over this
chance, and I can only say I'll do my very best to
come through in every manner.”