The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 20, 1945, Image 1

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    ■ LOCAL & NATL NEWS--10c per copy “AND WORTH IT” ■
^ ^ "Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC• ★ ★
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Entered as 2nd class matter at Post-of lice. Omaha, Nebr., Under Act of *%.•<%*% **%*- . _ . -- . ^
Marcn s, 1874 Publishing offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha. Nebr Saturday, Oct. 20, 1945 ★ 10c Per Copy ★ Our 18th Year—No. 37
Leaders Slated To Attend ■ ZION TO BURN MORTGAGE
Heatlh Conference
Next Week
Plans Set For
Dr. lioscoe C. Brown, Chief of
Negro Health Service, U. 8. Public
Health Service, will be the speaker
at the Mammoth banquet to be held
at the Railroad Men's Benevolent
Club, 24th and Miami streets, on
Wednesday evening, October 24
opening the three day Conference
on Health. Dr. Brown's subject
will be "Post War Health Devel
Invitations have gone out to
Some 800 to attend this dinner. Ar
rangements are underway to broad'
cast the proceedings over KBON.
Tickets for the dinner are avail
able at the Omaha Urban League
2213 Lake Street.
Dr. Walter H. Maddux, pediatric
expert, will speak on child health
■care and Miss Frances Edwards
Psychologist with the Board of Ed
ucation, will speak on "Develop
ment Consideration of the Child”
at the afternoon session to be held
in the Urban League auditorium on
Thursday, October 25.
Dr. Roderick W. Brown, lecturer,
author and national authority on
tuberculosis, will be one of the
speakers at Thursday’s evening
Session. Mr. Charles O. Rodgers of
the American Social Hygiene Assn.,
and Mr. Edward V. Taylor of the
Federal Security Agency will be
other speakerg featured at this
meeting. This session will be also
held at the Urban League.
The Friday afternoon meeting
will take place at the Northside
YWCA. The theme of this segsiori
will be Nutrition with practical
demonstrations by Miss Florence
Atwood of the Home Extension
Department of the Nebraska Col
lege of Agriculture assisted by
Miss Mable Doremus also of the
College of Agriculture.
Friday evening the Conference
will be devoted entirely to youth,
and this meeting will be held at
the North 24th Street USO. A pan
el discussion by the youth will be
featured at this session.
Father Flanagan’s band has been
invited to play and the young peo
ple will dance after the business
portion of the meeting.
Launching, what they promise
will be a “sustained" campaign to
keep FM radio from monopl.v con
trol by present standard broadcast
ers and large newspapers the Na
tional Citizens Political Action Com
mittee released today an S-page
printed "Report to America on Ra
dio Broadcagting”.
The report, bearing a boldly
printed demand for “Immediate Ac
tion" has been mailed to thousands
of citizens groups and civic leaders
throughout the country. It briefs
the current state of American
broadcasting, outlines the prospects
for domination of FM broadcasting
by the same interests “who now
control the country's principal sta
tions and newspaper”, and urges
action in the form of letters, wires
petitions, .and resolutions to the
Congress and the Federal Commun
ications Commission.
The first page call-to-action. sign
ed by Elmer A. Benson, Chairman
of Citizeng PAC's Executive Coun
cil, warns: “You must act now to
prevent control of FM from falling
into these hands, or the fight on
other issues which interest you to
day and which will interest you in
the months and years ahead will
be the harder to win.”
Six recommendations are made to
the FCC and Congress in the re
(1) That only % of available
FM channels be granted to stand
ard broadcasting stations and news
(2) That the FCC prescribe in
terms of hours and expenditures
standards of public service pro
gramming for all broadcasting lic
enses ;
(3) That of all available FM
channels be granted to newcomers,
under rules and regulations which
will ingure fair consideration for
veterans, small businessmen, farm,
labor, cooperative and cltizeng
(4) That no FM licenses be
granted to standard broadcasting
stations without the holdine of pub
lie hearings;
(5) That the licenses of present
broadcagters not be renewed with
out advertising and holding public
(6) That local hearings be ar
ranged in the communities applic
ants intend to serve.
In discussing the current state of
American broadcasting the report
notes that ‘the 10 clear-channel,
50.000 watt stations owned by mem
bers of the National Association of
Manufacturers occupy more space
on the radio spectrum than all of
the nation's 444 local. 50 watt sta
tions put together.”
The report emphasizes that the
profits of licenges are out of pro
portion to their investments and to
the standards of public service pro
who will speak at the Health Con
ference at the Urban League, 2213
Lake St, next Thursday evening.
Monthly Meeting
The Omaha branch of the NAA
CP should have two thousand mem
bers and we hope for a large in
crease at the regular monthly meet
ing at the Urban League on Sun
day Afternoon, Oct. 21 at 3:30 pm.
If those of you who are not mem.
bers will take time out and lend a
thought as to the results of the
many efforts it has gained; many
cases it has investigated; discrim
ination eliminated and many other
helping efforts to the race as a
whole We’re sure you would
join up and do your bit TODAY!
DuBois To London for
African Conference
Ne-.v York_Dr. W. E. B. DuBois,
director of special research for the
NAACP, left New York October 13
by plane to represent the NAACP
at a conference in London called
to consider problems of African peo
The conference, which is being
arranged by*' African ' SC u detit
group?; and African trade union
delegates, will continue the work
begun in the Pan-African Congress
ses, initiated by the NAACP in
1919. These Congresses were held
in 1921. 1923 and 1927, being held
successfully in Paris, London
Brussels. Lisbon pnd New York.
The NAACP sent Dr. DuBois to
Paris after the first World War.
tfis main mission was to gather
data concerning colored soldiers,
but he called a Pan-African Con
gress there to center world atten
tion on the future of Africa.
Efforts to continue the series af
ter 1927 failed and the idea wag
dropped until the Negro trade union
delegates meeting in London last
w'inter appealed to the NAACP and 1
others to call a congress this fall.
There ws some hesitation because
of war conditions and difficulties
of travel. Finally the Association
decided that the meeting bade fair
to be important enough to warrant
sending a delegate. Dr. DuBois
was selected to go and to assure
the delegates of the sympathy of
American Negroes and offer coop
eration in calling a larger and
more representative Congress in
1946 or 1947.
gramming they provide. Industry
wide profits are estimated ait 150 %
per year before taxes, and cases of
individual stations earning in ex
cess of 200% per year after taxes
are cited.
Though the report is sharply
critical of the FCC for failure to
protect the public interest, it stat
e9 that “We, the people, must ac
cept responsibility too, for our own
The report concludes with a mes
sage urging local citizens groups
and individuals to support the FC
C’s request to Congress for ade
quate appropriations “to fulfill its
functions as guardian of the public
The FC C has announced that it j
will begin granting FM broadcast-)
licenses after October 7. and the ]
report noteg that if licenses are
quickly granted ‘the choice chan
nels in large citieg along the east
ern seaboard, in Detroit, Chicago,
and Los Angeles, in entire states
like Ohio will be gone before vet
erans. small businegsmen, and oth
ers have had a chance to investi
gate the possibilities of FM.”
The report emphasizes that FM
is a “gmall business opportunity"
requiring relatively small capital
investments, yet the average worth
of FM applicants is reported to be
more than $1,000,000 each.
Criticism is directed at tne FCC
for having allocated, on September
12, some 53 “choice channels” with
out holding- public hearings. The.
channels were assigned to stations
which began their FM operations 1
before the war ‘freeze”, but the
report stresses that these stations j
should be rquired to compete open
ly and fairly with the more than
500 applicants whose requegts the
FCC will congider after October 7.
New York_The reassignment of
Negro troops in service units who
* ★ * ★ Y* «*★*★*****★* * ★ * ★ *
Officer Loses (
5-Day’s Pay
Det-Sgt. Charles Dudley was se
verely reprimanded and suffered
the loss of 5 days pay as a result
of charges filed against him for
the wrongful arrest of Miss Salina
Turner on October 6. The Omaha
Board of the NAACP acting for
Miss Turner pressed the charges
with the police officials by the pas
sage of the following resolution at
a special meeting held October -12.
Whereas, on the evening of Oct
ober 9, 1945, a committee was ap
pointed at a call meeting of the
Executive Board of the Omaha
Branch NAACP, to present to the
proper police authorities, a com
plaint of an injustice done to Mrs.
Christine Hickman and Miss Salina
Turner and Mr. James D. Mitchell,
growing out of an illegal entry and
arrest at 2103 North 27th Street.
Omaha. Nebraska at 3:30 a. m. Oct
ober 6. 1945 and
Whereas Officers Dudley an 1
Coleman entered the home above
mentioned and at the time mention
ed without a warrant for the arrest
of any oen herein, and without a
search warrant, under which a fore
ible entry could have been made
and did arrest Miss Salina Turner,
a young woman twenty years of
age who was known not to have
committed any offense of any kind
Therefore, be it resolved by the
Executive Committee of the Omaha
branch of the NAACP in conjunc
tion with rpresentatives of the O
maha Urban League that we re
spectfully demand that just and
adequate punishment, in the light
of the evidence which has been'
presented, be adminstered to the
officers or officer, guilty of the
wrongs herein complained of to
ward Mrg. Hickman and particul
arly toward Miss Salina Turner who
was falsely and wrongfully arrest
ed by officers Charles Dudley and
Coleman and unlawfully imprison
ed for a period of twenty-four
hours in the city jail of the City of
Omaha, and
He it further resolved that it is
the consensus of this committee
that the first requisite of compell
ing respect for law is a requiremen*
that officers of the law shall them
selves> in the performance of their
duties, obey it and that there must
be in this case no whitewashing
of anyone involved in this matter.
Unanimously approved by this
body the twelfth day of October,
Rev. C. Adams, President,
Mrs. John Albert Williams
volunteered for combat, service dur 1
ing the invasion of Germany will
be investigated by the War Depart
ment, according to Colonel H. A.
Gerhardt( in the office of the As
sistant Secretary of War. The as
surance was given in a letter to
Walter White, Secretary of the NA
New York_Edward R. Dudley
Assistant Special Counsel for the
NAACP, was appointed October 10
as legal counsel to Governor Char
les Harwood of the Virgin Islands.
The appointment was announced by
Governor Harwood. Mr. Dudley, 34
has been on the NAACP legal staff
for two years. He is chief assist
alnt to Thurgood Marshall head
counsel. Prior to that time he was
an assistant attorney general of
the State of New York under John
J. Benn'ett, in the last years of the
Lehman administration. It is ex
pected that he will take the oath
of office sometime in the latter i
part of November. Mr Dudley is!
married, the father of one child
and lives at 419 W. 156th Street.
[President Truman Speaks At Dedication of Dam
OPdentsvllIe, Ky„ (Sonndph .)|
General view as President Truman
spoke at the dedication of the Ken
tucky dam| last to be completed of
the Tennessee Valley Auhority pro
The President of the United Stat
es is a courageous man, as is shown
by his recent denunciation of the
DAR because of their refusal to
permit Hazel Scott to appear in
Constitution Hall. It takes cour.
age to maintain a stand of that
kind) especially if you intend to be
reelected in 1948. But gradually
America and Europe are coming to
realize that Harry S Truman fight*
for what he believes to be right,
and not for the benefit of any
clique or political group. How
much of this kind of courage the
South can stand comes to be an im
portant question. Perhaps Mr.
Truman'g attitude will help the en
tire nation to think and to act with
more objectivity, and to use worth
rather than color as a basis of ac
(from A1 Heningburg's Overtones
on page 2 this issue)
New York, N. Y_The NAACP
will file a petition for clemency on
behalf of the Negro soldierg con
victed of rioting against Italian
prisoners of war at Fort Lawton,
Washington^, la(st vearj Although
some forty-one men were initially
tried, thirteen were acquitted. One
of the accused, Buckner, was sent
enced to six months confinement
and forfeiture of 118 per month for
a like period. The remaining 2T
men were given dishonorable dis-;
charges and sentences ranging
from one to twenty-five years. The
reviewing authority has guspended
the dishonorable discharge portion
and sentence with reference to ten
of th men ajd has placed them in
rhabilitation centers where they
will be given the opportunity of
being restored to duty at an early
date. The sentences imposed on
Dining Car Waiters Key Club
Holds Community Chest Program
On Tuesday evening October 16
1945, the Omaha Dining Car Wait
ers’ Key Club held its Annual Com
munity Chest Program which con
sisted of moving pictures. shown
by Mr. Goudin and members of the
Omaha Community Chest Campaign
Fund. This film showed various
activities and general public bene
fits derived from the Community
Chest Fund accompanied by a lec
ture of one of the Chest speakers.
At the conclusion of the program
a check of $100.00 from the Dining
Car Waiters’ Key Club was pres
ented by Mr. Eugene West to the
representative of the Community
Chest. Also, a presentation from
the Key Club of (12) blankets was
made by Mr. Richard Lecop to Mrs.
Johnson, Matron of the Colored Old
Folks Home, 933 North 25th street.
The Omaha Dinig Car Waiters'
Key Club since its inception, ha3
always endea'vore<j to cooperate
with and contribute its funds to
the various church, civic and com
munity activities which tend to
improve the community in which
they serve, stated Mr. R. C. Long,
Business Manager of the Key Club.
the rest of the men have been dras
tically reduced.
In its petition for clemency, the
NAAOP seeks to obtain further re
duction in the sentences imposed
and to have the dishonorable dis
charges suspended as to all the
men involved.
Fort Worth. Texas—The Louigi
ana-Texas Regional Leadership
Conference of the NAACP convened
at the Mt. Gilead Baptist Church
here October 5-7. Ninety-one dele
gates from 21 branches in Louisi
ana and 36 branches in Texas were
Friday afternoon at seperate
meetingg of the Texas and Louisi
ana conference of branches- it was
revealed that Louisiana is launch
ing a drive to raise $100,000 for rhe
purpose of combatting educational
inequalities and voting restrictions
and Texas is in the midgt of its
drive to raise $10,000 to tackle edu
cational inequalities at the univeis
ity level.
The main speaker at the Sunday'
mass meeting wag W. J. Hammond,
instructor at Texas Christian Uni
versity, who spoke on “Human
Rightg: Our Post War Battle"
Other3 who participated on the in-!
, stitute program were Atty. W. J.
Durham, Counsel for the Texas
State Conference of the NAACP;
Maceo Smith and John J. Jones,
Secretary and Pregident of the Tex
ag State Conference of Branches;
Daniel E. Byrd, President of the
Louisiana State Conference of
Branches and executive secretary
of the New Orleans branch: Rev.
L. L. Haynes, president of the New
Armistice Day,’ Date for
Appreciation Program
at U.S.O.
The 24th Street USO Club in co
operation with the Theodore Eoose.
velt Post, No. 30. American Legion,
the Veterans of Foreign Wars, War
Mothers and Council of Volunteer
Organizations is sponsoring an Ap
preciation Program for returned
veterans of World War II and their
families. The program will be
h^ld at the Club Sunday, evening.
November 11, at 8:00 pm.
The USO Club has recognized the
need for such a program for a long
time. Already one hears com
plaints that little if any reception
is gien us for our contributions to
ward winning the war. The pur-'
pose of this program will be to pre
sent to the city of Omaha the rec
ord of Negroes in the great strug
gle which has been recently
brought to a victorious close. It
will be also an opportunity for the
Negroes of tltis community to ex
press their appreciation for the
fine work done by our boys.
Churches, organizations civic and
social, are urged to cooperate in
this effort through attendance in a
group, through securing and ac
quainting the USO Club with the
names ar>d addresses of its members
who are veterans and in all other
ways possible.
In order that we may contact vet
erans through special invitations
friends are urged to fill in the
blank below and mail it to the 24th
Street USO Club, Mr. J. P. Mosley,
Director4, 2221 North 24th Street,:
Omaha. Nebraska, or telephone the
information to the Club, AT-9134
and JA-9156.
Orleans branch; Mrs. Lulu Wh'le,
executive secretary of the Houston
Texas branch; Special Counsel
Thurgood Marshall tnj Ella i. Bak
er of the national office
# j
To Renew your 1945
Call HA-0800
’ Program Urged by
i AKA Council
WASHINGTON October 13. _ Thc
National Non-Partisan Council >n
Public Affairs of Alpha Kappa Al
pha Sorority urged a more progres
sive tax program in testimony be
fore the Senate Finance Committee
this week.
Mrs- Thomasina VV. Johnson. Leg
islutive Representative appearing
before the Committee pointed that
the Reonvrsion Tax Program pass
ed last week by the House fails to
provide relief where it is critically
needed while giving unnecessary
winfalls to the most prosperous cor
The Council carried the full 1
weight of its membership in sup-j
port of a Reconversion Tax Pro
BIDITY TO PAY, Mrs. Johnson
also pointed out that this would
provide the Government with ade
quate revenue for its demobilizat
ion program and that such a pro
gram will boost purchasing power
as well as contest pressure result
ing from mass lay-offs and the re
turn of discharged veterans.
In the Council’s analysis of the
Tax Program pa9sed by the House
of Representatives it is shown that
NegroeSj the majority of whom con
stitute the low and middle income
groups, will benefit least from the
proposed plan of retaining sub
standard personal exemptions;
granting only meager relief to the
low and middle income groups.
The Council further stated that
the prime objective of reconversion
tax legislation should be to sustain
mass purchasing power; assist the
small business; and grant relief
where the need is greatest, g° aS to
minimize hardship and speed an
orderly transition to an era of full
employment and high level capac
ity production. In order to do this
the AKA Non-Partisan Council de
clared, that provisions should be
made s° that ALL INCOMES and
especially those of individuals and
corporations that have been drast
ically cut by the -Impact of recon
version might benefit from a reas
onable carry-over and carry-back
personal exemption plan; so that
veterans might be relieved of past
tax debts for a reasonable period of
time prior to hig digcharge; so that
excise taxes which are only justi
fiable as wartime emergency meas
ures might be rduced or abolished
on items of mass consumption such
as movie tickets, inexpensive toilet
articles, cosmetics, leather goods,
and the like; and so that the auto
mobile use tax might be eliminated
Further provisions should be made I
so that substantial tax relief might
be given small businesses in order
that they might be speedily recon
verted and new enterprises encour
aged. It is our belief, the Alpha
Kappa Alpha women stated, that
in order to curb inflationary 9pec
ulation in securities, real estate and
farm land, that the holding period
for long-term capital assets ought
to be extended and that profits
realized from the sale or exchange
of capital assets held for less than i
a reasonable number of months j
should be taxed as ordinary in- f
The AKA Non-Partisan Council!
urged that the Senate revise the
Tax proposals of the Houge on the
which will give relief where it is
needed most, increase the Nation's
purchasing power, speed up the
pace of reconversion and pave the
general prosperity during the post
war period; while at the same time
providing adequate revenue for the
In discussing the Council's inter
est in the new tax program> Mrs.
Johnson stated that "the field of
taxation is perhaps the one field of
the Federal Government that invol
ves every Negro in America and
that this is one of the phases com
monly overlooked in presenting our
point of view. It is true we shall
no doubt always be sure of death
and taxes but whether or not we
pay taxes according to our ability
to pay can be made our ability to
pay can be made our policy. There j
is no longer room in America for a I
> -
Sunday. October 21, 1945. will be
a day of great rejoicing at Zion
Baptist Church, for that is the date
set to burn the mortgage of the
Historic Church.
The Zion Baptist Church was or.
ganlzed in 1888 by Rev. T. H.
Ewing. It has been served by nine
other pastors since.
At one time Zion was more than
$47,000 in debt.
In the midst of a great revival
Sunday afternoon at 3:00 p. tri. the
public is invited to witness “The
Mortgage Burning” ceremonies.
The sermon will be delivered by
the present Pastor, Rev. F. C.
Williams, and an address will be
made by Attorney H. J. Pinkett.
tax program to benefit the greedy.
“Our tax program must provide re
lief for the needy."
65 75c Minimum
Hourly Wage
death rates disease malnutri -
tion, insuffiuient medical and
hospital care—great human suffer
That’s the product of a low wage
policy which has turned the South
—potentially of the richest regions
of America—into the poorest and
most retarded.
Evidence supporting these facts
has been known for years both in
and out the Halls of Congress, but
the truth will be driven home even
more sharply during the current
Senate hearings to raise the hourly
minimum wage to 65-75 cents. The
usual reactionary bloc of southern
Congressmen will fight tooth and
nail to kill the bill for fear of driv
ing industry out of their low-wage
area, but the overwhelming support
of the public, spearheaded by the
CIO and its PAC, can push the bill
through, labor obserovrs comment
No more convincing argument can
be presented for this measure than
the status of health conditions in
the South- Studies by the Southern
Conference for Human Welfare,
labor and public organizations re
veal shocking proof of the South**
ill health. Analyzing the Selective
Service rejection reports, it was
discovered that rejections were 15
percent higher in the 13 Southern
states than in the non-Southern
states- This revelation is support
ed by the fact that there are only
9-4 docors per thousand people in
the South as compared with 14-9
in other regions. There were oniv
2-2 general hospital beds per 1,000
people in the South while other
areas had almost twice as many
A comparison of the death rates
in the South and the rest of the na
tion adds additional strength to the
argument that only with higher wag
es can people eat better and thus a
ch^aVe jbetthe heai'tii Tuberculosis
claimed 45-9 of 100,000 deaths in A
merica in 1940, but in the Southeast
the figure was 56 and in the South
west, 63-1- Influenza and pneumon
ia deaths were 70-3 per 100,000 for
the nation, but in the Southeast—
where the climate is warmest—the
rate was 90- Pellagra deaths, caus
ed bv the lack of proper food, re
sulted in 1-6 deaths in the nation but
in the Southeast the rate was 400%
higher, 6-5- ,
"The Southern Patriot.” organ of
the Southern Conference, in review
ing Southern health stated: “The
absence of modern hospitals in so
many Southern areas is again the
result of low income of its people
Rural areas lack the corporate and
individual wealth that provides am
ple tax funds, generous endowments
and full payment of fees and charg
Hearings before a Senate Sub
committee on Education and Labor
have bulwarked labor's contention
that the minimum fage—in all sec
tions os America—must be raised if
the nation’s health rate is not to
drop even lower than it is- Emil
Rie\e: president of the Textile
Workers’ Union of America, told
the committee "The Bureau of Hu
man Nutrition estimates that a city
family requires $3-30 per person per
week to meet its elementary stan
dards Uliness and physical disa
bilities are more acute and more dis
astrous among workers with low
wages than in the higher income
groups- But the Sou’.h rema;n3
the No- 1 health croblem. And the
reason, as "The Southern Patriot’
(Continued on pa^e 7)
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*The Omaha Guide
ft Bla BNCLAIM* DCLOTHING SALE! lhe9c Meaning to. mu Bold A Big Sale, Saturday,
Oct. 20,1945 See Page 3 in this Issue.