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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1945)
Policy Making Positions
in Veterans’ Bureau
The following letter went out this
week from the office of B. H. Mul
drew, 2325 Park Ave., Kansas City
1 Mo., national Commander of the
Council of Negro Veterans Inc., to
Brigadier General Frank T. Hines,
Administrator of Veterans Affairs,
Washing 25 D. C.
Brigadier General Frank T. Hines.
Administrator of Veterans Affairs,
Washington, 25 D. C„
DAN B. BUTLER
RICHARD W. JEPSEN
ROY N. TOWL
Tried, # 31
III-: Ml UK TO VOTE TUESDAY
Since our conference several
months ago on the subject of recog
nizing this organization in present
ation of veterans claims before the
Bureau, the (J. I. Bill of Rights has
become a law. The administration of
this law like that of all other laws
effecting veterans, w'ill be left in
the hands of boards, committees and
offinials appointed by you. In order
that every veteran may feel that he
has equal opportunity ir. securing
the many benefits provided for him
and that Negro veterans may not be
forced, as in the past, in many in
stances, to apply to boards commit
tees and officials unsympathetic to
their cause, this organization is re
questing that Negro veterans be ap
pointed to policy making positions
in the Veteran^ Bureau, in its nat
ional and various state set-up.
In view of your broad understand
ing of the problems that have in the
past confronted Negro Veterans in
certain sections, your sympathetic
attitude and your expressed dfesire
that all veterans be cared for alike,
we feel that you could conscient
iously make the appointments with
out fear or favor. Trusting that you
will take under consideration re
commendations made by this organ
ization, I remain.
B. H. Muldrew.
PATROL LEIJ BV PITTSBl RGH
OFFICER KILLS THREE NAZIS
IN ITALY '
With the Fifth Army. Italy—With
out suffering a casualty, a 10 man
patrol from the 92nd “Buffalo” In
fantry, led by Lieutenant Benjam
in W. Hohmann of Pittsburgh. Pen.
n.sylvania^ Recently killed three
Germans on the Fifth Army front in
Holding key positions in the
group were Corporal Leon D. Straus
burger of Craig, Colorado; Privates
First Class Leo Johnson, Route 1,
Beresford. South Dakota, and Rudy J
O. Melquist of Gibbon, Minnesota.
Their mission was to seek out a
detachment of 15 or more Jerries
reported occupying positions in a
shell-poked village. After making
a throrough search of the hamlet
and finding nothing, the Yanks mov
ed fartrer into enemy territory and
investigated four empty bunkers
which showed signs of recent oc
cupancy. Again they found noth
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Home Landscape Service
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Don't talk—don't spread rumors. Don't
cough—don’t spread germs. Smith Bros.
Cough Drops, Black or Menthol, are still as
soothing and delicious as ever—and they
still cost only a nickel.
SMITH BROS. COUGH DROPS \
BLACK OR MENTHOL—5$ /
™ .. '"'Ai :
^Vlong the Union Pacific main line—
between stations—a signal flashes red.
The train slackens speed and stops. The
engineer grabs the whistle cord . . . one
long and three short blasts. That's a sig
nal to the flagman. It is his duty to give
adequate warning to any train following.
To do so, he walks a sufficient distance
to the rear to insure full protection.
This is one of the many precautionary
measures taken by Union Pacific—and
other railroads — to protect passengers
and freight shipments.
Safe transportation becomes increasingly
important in wartime. Trainloads of
troops and. essential materials are con
stantly on the move over Union Pacific's
Strategic Middle Route uniting the East
with the Pacific Coast.
★ ★ ★ f
Just as the flagman protects his train, so
is it the job of all Americans to provide
for future security by buying bonds; and
saving them. Thus we can help stabilize
industry and encourage the American
trait of individual enterprise and initiative.
★ Listen to "TOUR AMERICA" radio program on
Mutual nationwide network every Sunday afternoon.
Consult your local newspaper for the time and station
7HC MO CM SSI VC
Anna Mae Winbum at Chi’s Rhumboogie
DYNAMIC^ BATON TWIRLER( —
ANNA MAE WINBURN, former O
maha girl, who now leads the In
ternational Sweethearts of Rhythm
all Star Girl’s band and cimrentlv
now playing at Charlie Glenn’s
Rhumboogie Nite Spott in Chicago.
Their persistence was rewarded,
however, when Johnson spotted a
fifth bunker. Half the men began
a routine investigation of the posi
tion and the other half stood guard.
As Strausborger and four cornrad
es moved toward the emplacement,
a Jerry stuck his head over the
sanbags and fired two bursts from
hiK machinegun. The German than
made a motion as if to indicate he
was surrendering. Hohmann sign
aled his men to hold their fire, but
it developed the German was calling
his comrades for help,
i Two more Krauts appeared and
the Yanks opened up with Tommy
guns, automatic rifles and Garands.
The firefight lasted about five min
utes and, although the Germans had
I the advantage of a sheltered posi
tion, the Americans killed all three.
Shortly after the Yanks moved
back to their own lines and the
Nazis covered the bunker positions
with mortar fire.
NAACP ASKS HEALTH HIM,
AMENDMENT TO AID NEGRO
Washington, D C —In testimony
March 23 supporting the principle
of hte bill (S. 191) to amend the
public Health Service Act, Dr. Louis
T. Wright, NAACP Board member
told the Senate Education & Labor
Committee that because of the in
equitable manner in which certain
states allocate their own general
funds under the resent system, clin
ical and hospital care for Negroes
is practically non-existent.
In support of his stand for an a
mendment to insure medical assist
ance to Negro patients and protect
Negro members of the Medical pro
fession, Dr. Wright declared that
a white erson who is ill has 14
times a better chance of recovering
than a Negro. He said that the Ne
gro suffers more from all sorts of
diseases than whites as a direct re
sult of wide differentials between
ahounts spent by the states on pub
lic health, Current figures, he
ointed out, ‘‘show that infant mor
tality is 69 ^ higher than for whit
es: that a Negro child has an av
erage life expectancy of only 53
years in contrast to a white child
who can look forward to 65."
Dr. Wright exlained, from a med
ical standpoint, these differentials
had nothing to do with the Negro’s
susceptibility to disease, ’’but rath
er shows the combined impact of
discrimination in economic life and
in obtaining medical assistance.”
He used as example. Mississippi i
where despite a Negro population of
1,07 4,579 tnere were only 0.7 beds
pd thousand for Negroes in 1938 and
as few as 75 set aside for over a
million Negroes in 1940-42.
STATUS OF PROFESSION
The status of Negro physicians,
technicians and nurses was also at
tached. In 1914, Wright charged
there were 3,500 physicians in priv
ate practice and 7,500 nurses. Be
cause of race discrimination a qual
ified Negro physician is denied staff
and in-patient privileges in practic
ally every non-Negro hospital in the
In southern areas, Wright declar
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IMMEDIATELY. Address BOX A330
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NOW, more than ever, you want
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full share of the work which must
be done. Headache, Muscular
Pains, Simple Neuralgia, Func
tional Monthly Pams, slow you
down, interfere with your work,
spoil your fun. Have ycu ever tried
when any of these common pains
have made you miserable?
Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills are
pleasant to take, and prompt in
action. They do not upset the
stomach or make you constipated.
A single tablet usually brings
relief. Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills
are compounded under the super
vision of competent chemists.
•Cet Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills
at your drug store. Regular pack
age 25*, Economy package $1.00.
Read directions and take only as
ed the result of such prejudices is |
an indifference bordering on crim
inal neglect in the altitude of
White physicians toward Negro pa
tients. The amendment to the hill
proposed to relieve racial inequali
ties in medical assistance.
Honor Man of
GREAT LAKES, ILL., April 4
Wesley Sohonyers, 2l9 Eeast Fed
eral Street, Burlington N. J. was
selected the honor man of his class
at the Camp Robert Smalls Radio
man Service School last week when
he graduated with an average of 84.
He was advanced in rate from sea
man second to seaman, first class.
In Radioman School, Sohonyers
was instructed in how to make
minor repairs on radio equipment,
transmit and receive radio messages
between one ship and another or be
tween a ship and shore activity, and
to use the typewriter.
Sohonyers entered the Navy last
June after graduating from the
Wilbur Watts High School in his
home town. His parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Henry Sohonyers, live at the
Are Race Relations’
Advisors Helping or
(Continued from page 1)
on Negro affairs,” etc., has come in
to, what appears to be, permanent
In a survey carried on among the
“race consultants.” the “advisors on
Negro affairs,” etc., themselves I
"If it had not been for these race
specialists jobs, would you or could
you have directed your training and
talents to the expansion of Negro
insurance companies, the develop
ment of Negro banks, Negro chain
stores and cooperatives, to bringing
modern techniques of news gather
ing and reporting into Negro pub
lishing, to Negro education. to
The answer was yes, almost un
USED AS BUFFERS
1 hese men and women have been
used by Washington as a buffer be
tween government and the American
Negro, and since they have been on
the scene, no independent Negro or
ganization has arisen to define and
to advance the Negro's social, polit
ical and economic position—that is,
none that has attained the desired
Ntatus of effectiveness enjoyed by
the NAACP and the Urban League,
which themselves, are interrecial
with the white vewpoint frequently
finding expression in matters that
should be purely Negro.
Other questions I asked were:
“Are you being held responsible for
the false optimisim heightened in the
Negro people by your presence in
important government bureaus, ap
pointees without any direct respons
ibility to the Negro electorate nor
to any organized body in Negro life?
In your opinion, did you make a
valid contribution to the integrat
on of Negroes into Amerilan life?”
The answer varied. All were a
greed, however, that their years of
government job holding had not in
tegrated Negroes into American life
Who are these men and women?
Here are some thumbnail descript
Dr Robert Weaver, considered
dean of the "Black Cabinet.” He en
tered the Housing Division of PWA
under Harold Ickes, moved to the
U. S. Housnig Authority under
Nathan Straus; met a complete dead
lock in the War Manpower Commiss
ion, quit for a race relation job with
Mayor Ed Kelley's Chicago Commis
sion on Race Relatons, then left that
for the recently organized American
Council on Race Relations. (A con
sultant body which advises munici
pal and state committees as to what
to do when Negroes get too insistent
about their rights.)
William Trent with the Federal
Works Administration until it was
killed. He was a former special as
sistant to the president of Bennett
College. He has returned to the feild
of edueation via the United College
Dr. Mary McCleod Bethune, pres
ident of the National Council of
Negro Women; onetime president of
i - ■
the Federation of Colored Women's
Clubs. She resigned the presidency
of Bethune-Cookman College which
she founded, to give all her tme to
the NYA. She now has neither post,
portfolio or college.
Alfred Edgar Smith, who took
over the place vacated by Forrest
er B. Washington in the early days
of the New Deal, and continued with
the WPA until it was scuttled.
LANCASTER GIVES VIEWS
Emmer Martin Lancaster, Special
Assistant on Negro Affairs to the
Secretary of Commerce; a practicing
attorney in Akron, Ohio, for 15 years
before he took the spot vacated by
Eugene Kinckle Jones in 1940.
He came to Washington from an
independent professional practice
and not from an institutional job.
He considers his and that of all race
advisors frankly political.
Edgar G. Brown, onetime tennic
champion, who was a hi,- factor in
the old Civilian Conservaton Camps
Former Federal Judge William
Hastie, who went to the War Depart
ment as Civilian-Aide-on Negro af
fairs to the Secretary of 'War. He
later resigned and the statement he
released created a national flurry.
Truman K Gibson, Jr., his assist
ant, took over. Gibson is a young
Theodore R. (Ted) Poston, form
er New York newspaperman, who
was given a job in the Office of
War Information (OWI).
MOON, JOHNSON HILL.
Henry Lee Moon, who has a long
career in public relations and journ
alism, 'came to Washington to be
Dr Weaver's press relations expert.
Clarence Johnson from the West
Coast and former organizer for the
Dining Car Employees Union, went
from housing to WMC and is now
back in housing. Of the staff of
race relations advisors, Eugene
Kinckle Jones was the first appoint
ee. T. Arnold Hill, Mrs. Bethune’s
assistant in NYA, who later worked
as a special OPA advisor, were the
only ones in the group whose prev
ious careers were devoted entire
ly to race relations as a full time
profession. Jones had been general
secretary of the National Urban Lea
,-gue for 35 years; Hill was with
that organization for 25 years.
Frank Horne, former dean at Fort
Valley Normal, Georgia, took Wea
ver's place in the Federal Public
Housing Authority where he still is.
Representing no organized group
in Negro life, responsble to no or
ganized group, without defined au
thority or official status, these “fed
eral advsors” crystalized, it seems
into an artificial hierarchy of petty
government officials divorced from
the economic and social forces of
Negro life and on the periphery of
the technical stream of government
(T he Continued next week)
j FAITHFUL TO
It won't be long now. Omaha's city
primary election will be held on
Tuesday, April 17th. The final eleet
ino will be held may 15th. That
means that it is time, once again,
for all Omahans to carefully evalu
ate the candidates, and decide who
shall represent us on the City
Council for the next three important
It should not be a very difficult
choice for most folks to make.
The present adminstration, headed
by Mayor Butler, has been n office,
except for minor changes, since 1933.
During the past twelve years, they
have worked together as an intelli
gent and efficient team, with only
one goal in mind: the common good
of Omaha and its citizens, including
you and your family.
Let's consider the RECORD for
these twelve years:
Omaha's bonded debt has been re
duced from 15 million dollars to 4
million dollars—the lowest bonded
debt Omaha has had in more than
Despite manpower shortages,
Omaha's police department ha"
never been more efficient. Old links
between the police department and
the underworld are but unpleasant
In the face of riseing living costs
Omaha property taxes have actually
The fire department has been
modernized, and a fire prevention
program instituted which has saved
much property and probably many
These are only a few of the out
standing facts brought out by the
record. It is a record that calls for
the re-election of these men.
Dan B. Butler, Harry Knudsen,
Richard W. Jepsen. Roy N. Towl
Walter Korisko, John Kresel and
Omaha is going to need steady,
experienced hands at the wheel dur
ing the next three years. Our pre
• Watches and
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Loan & Jewelry Co.
320 North 16th Street
■ “See Marcus for
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• Efficient and Honest,
• Will Devote Full Time to Dutv.
-' - '»
sent city commissioners are the men
for the job.
They have been faithfull to the
trust you have placed in them. A
vote for these men is a vote to con
tinue good, economical government
....(Pol. Adv. paid for by Friends)
<Continued from pnge 7)
goods may also be included.
At war's end. an estimate of 15
million veterans become potentially
eligable forflf loans. With private
capital matching every government
guaranteed dollar, here's one of to
morrow's biggest sales oppor
Yandenbrrg will offer two propos
als at San Francisco. Ultimate Sen
ate ratification of the New United
Nations Charter may depend upon
their acceptance. He will.ask:
(1) Provision for amending the
Charter by something less than un
animous agreement probably by
three-fourths of all member nations
whichu must include four of the
Big Five. The Unifed Nations Char
ter, like our American Constitution,
must be able to adapt itself to in
(2) Provision to permit change
of membership of the Big Five Se
curity Council by something less
than .unanimous consent—perhaps
by reconsideration of its member
ship every 10 years. Original Coun
ci! will consist of the United States,
Great Britain, Russia, China and
Vandenberg will point out that
the four largest states in 1790 were
Virginia, Pennsylvania, North Car
olina. and Massachusetts. Within
30 years New York outstripped all
four. Virginia, first in 1790, has
dropped to 20th. Today, Illinois,
Ohio, California, Texas and Michi
gan .none of which were even stat
es in 1790, outrank all but New
York and Pennsylvania of the orig
inal 13 states.
Many Senator* believe that if un
animous consent of the Big Five is
require". It will be almost imposs
ible ever to dilute the veto power of
any of itN members on aggression
or on amendment or on changed
representation on the Security Coun
eil. Organization would be brittle
nnd eventually crack up.
•IOII\ 1/s N00,000—Perhaps Soon a
Million: Few people realize that in
addition to 600,000 miners, John L.
Lewis now has 200,000 members in
other industries under his control.
They are members of iDstrict 50—
his catch-all union, sniffed at only
two years ago. 75,000 are in the
chemistry industry. He controls
one of the big rubber locals in Ak
ron—ostensibly a CIO union. He
has substantial representation in
commercial aircraft ground crews,
zinc plants, smelting companies, gas
utility corporations, celanese. factor
ies, asphalt works, and shoe firms.
Lewis has cashed in on spectacular
publicity about his ability to get
big wage-raises, even against FDRs
District 50's 200.000 have been ob
tained at the expense largely of
CIO but partly from AFL, Hence,
a stumbling block to re-admissiori
If he wins the present mine-wage
battle, his membership will quickly
pass a million.
ROYALTY OF 5c per long distance
call—to build a general welfare
fund—has been demanded by the
Washngton, DC., Teleiphone Traf
fic Union, supported by National
Federation of Telephone Workers,
“Kftl'AL RIGHTS WITH VET
KR.WS": War Workers League of
America is in process of formation
to insist on “equal rights with Avar
veteran.1*” in reconversion period
Organization was born in Buick’s
Melrose Park plant in Chicago.
ARMY STOCK 1*11.1 \G: Fearing
mass exodus of workers from war
plants immediately after end of
European war, Army is stockpiling
standard military items at spectac
ular rate. Army has little faith in
legislation as a means of keeping
war workers through Jap war. Be
lieve all out drive which began last
fall must continue unabated to pro
vide backlog sufficient to balance
sharp drop after VE day.
This determination to lay in large
stocks of supplies while the produc
tion program is going forward on
its own momentum, explains post
VE day estimates which Army has
sent to WPB. Army says procure
ment can be reduced about 30%
“within a reasonable time” after
VE day. '‘Reasonable time”—per
haps 4 to 12 weeks.
EXTENED FVltLOl'GHS: Fur
loughs granted many soldiers to
meet critical war plant labor short
ages will be extended if necessary.
Soldiers have been furloughed to «
tire plants, cotton duck and tire
cord mills and plants producing
FLOOR FOR CIVILIAN ESSEN
TIALS: WPB and armed services
are conferring to fix limits below
which, regardless of military ur
gency, supplies of civilian essentials
will not be permitted to fall. Dis
cussed so far are minmums for cloth
ing, particularly work clothes,
textiles, work gloves, shoes, car tir
es, batteries, general repair parts.
WPB told the gold braid that tires
for civilian needs must go no low
er; flatly rejected military demands
that would have reduced adult civ
ilian leather to about a quarter
pair shoes per person annually.
There’s a Thrill
in Bringing a
Crook to Justice
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INSTITUTE OF APPLIED SCIENCE
O..I. 4434. 1*20 »««.. Chic.,. 40. Ullh.O
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from loss of
Here’s One Of The Best Home Ways
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You girls who suffer from simple
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So start today—try Lydia E. Plnk
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Taken as directed—Plnkham’s Tab
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They help build up the red quality
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Just try Plnkham's Tablets for 30 days
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Classified Ads Get Resuits!
ROOM FOR RENT—RiAn for man,
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AT-2974, 928 North 25th Street.
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without children. No drinking. or
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Room for Rent. For man Only _
2622 Caldwell—AT. 5576.
Furnished Room for Rent. Men
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Wanted a man and wife or a sinulc
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A good lifetime home for the rigtht
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CALL AT-1S41 for further inform
GIRL OR WOMAN FOR HOISE
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Kl A ERA I. IllR Et'TO IIS
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TaliNDRIES & CLEANERS
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Rurs, Beds, Gas Stoves and Ol
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—TAILORING & ALTERATIONS—
You can get hand tailored suits, dresses,
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