The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, April 07, 1945, Page 7, Image 7
EDITORIAL- COMMENT 0* __ _ Omaha, Nebraska, Saturday, April 7, 1945 When Our Boys Come Home > | .... % by Ruth Taylor i “When the boys come home” is one of our popul ar songs. In every paper or magazine one picks up, there is an article dealing with how one should treat the veteran. Let me tell you how one soldier feels about it. He had been in the Far East for twenty-six months, and back here for six when he talked to me, so he had a chance to talk to his buddies when they came bacf from leave. This is what he said: “1 wish. Ruth, you’d write an article to tell people how WE feel. Maybe they wouldn’t like it—but we would. We want other boys that come back to have it more the way we wanted it to be—and as it wasn’t. “Now you know how close I am to my family. 1 ’d thought about coming home all those months in the jungle. I’d been terrified of every flight at the end of my stay for fear I’d! be shot down before I could get there. But the first week home 1 thought I’d go mad. “You see they tried to do too much for me. They were with me constantly. If I went for a walk, someone went with me. I wasn’t allowed to do any of the chores that had been expected of me since I was a little shaver. People came and called and gave parties for me. I didn’t feel as though I was at home at 11. aThe other boys in my unit had the same experience. We were actually glad when we had to go back to camp. “It was such a disappointment to us. All those months we’d gone over every detail of the life we’d lived. The little things became incredibly dear. What we wanted was for things to be the way we remembered them, to be AT HOME, not to be com pany. Wanted t odo the things we’d always done in the way we’d always done them. We wanted to potter over the chores we’d always shirked. We wanted to go downtown alone for a coke. I guess we just wanted to turn back time until the world stopped spinning around us.” He said it better than I could—because he was speaikng for all boys like him. I told this to a wise man, who said: “I know what he means. I felt the same way after the last war. So when we heard our boy was coming home, my wife and 1 made engage ments—for ourselves. It took courage to go out and leave him with a book and bowl of apples as we’d done before—but the rested, glad look on his face when we came home was worth it. And it wasn’t long before he and his mother slipped out to the movies together and until he asked me if I could get off to play golf with him. Home means more to boys than we realize. HOME is what they want.” Rtmember that on the glad day when your boy comes home. Weekly Summary of Editorials About or Concerning Negroes from Daily Newspapers Throughout the Country. (Compiled by the National Association for the Advancement of Col ored People, 69 Fifth Avenue, New York, 3, New York) Anti-Discrimination Bill 1. “The people of the State of New York appar ently are condemned to a period of bedevilment, by a new State Board charged with the duty of pre venting discrimination in employment on the ground of race, creed, color or national origin Carried to its logical extremity, this law might be invoked sometime to compel a Catholic parish to hire a rabbi for its pastor should he be first under the wire with his application for the job in case of a vaneaney, or a Jewish family to engage for the dut ies of butler in their home an unreconstructed ex member of the Nazi-American Bund with papers to prove that he came from Hamburg or Munich. Or a producer of a movie or play could be forced to hire a colored girl for the title role of “Gentlemen Pre fer Blondes.' All such proposals and measures in cluding the national devise improvised for the indus trial emergency of the war, are the works of the Communists and their kind whose intent is not to open opportunity to Negroes but to cause friction and provoked disorders by creating intlerable per sonal situations The United States, itself, as a lit ion, discriminates against all orientals on the ground of race, color and national origin The worst of it all is that judgement of character and personality is denied the employer as a guide in hir ing. And in the end, lie is not merely forbidden to rejet an applicant because of certain considerations. DYNAMITE by H. George Davenport — * RANKIN—POWELL Rankin allegely made a statement that he would not sit next to Powell in the Hall of Congress. White Davenport men are silly individuals. During slavery and ever since, the white slave' owner has been socially acquainted with black women. The oft repeated accusation that male Negroes want soe ial equality so they can get next to white women is true in some cases. In numerous cases one can trace what is commonly called heredity in human be ings—the female usually absorbs the habits of the father and the male, the habits of the mother. The colored mother having strains of white blood handed down through generations by her great grandparents, in jects the same habits into the life of her male off spring—the habits crossfire, hence the desire. 'White mn art sillv because thev have created a Franken stein out of the African Negro slave. It has grown so big that it is now unmanageable. It has grown so big that the silly white man is attracting the at tention of white women to the fallacy of his claims, by denying her the same liberties he has been enjoy ing for centuries. He has created so many yellows, high yellows, browns, octoroons and other shades of people that he himself is afraid of what is going on. Despite segregation, despite birth ceritificates, and other restricted covenants, people of mixed blood are m every branch of the United States (.Tovern ment and big business of the country. Social equal ity is not as open as the white men practice it with colored women, but it is gaining ground fast, because wdiite men go out of the way to prevent their women from associating with Negro men, thereby creating a desire in the wdiite women to investigate; where, if she wasn’t reminded, she probably wouldn't care. Rep. A. Clayton Powell is a victim of this mixed blood fantasy. IVwell has color, looks, hair, featur es, and habits of the highest type of white man, not of the low beastly type, who are always searching for racial trouble. In Powell, Ranikn can see the predictions of his predecessors come true, “give a Negro a book to read and it is equivalent to giving him a baseball bat to beat out the white man’s brains.” Well, my friend Powell, you see you have been given a splendid idea as to how to handle white rattlesnakes when they interfere with you in the performance of your duties. The Negro has come a long way—his path has not been strewn with roses, like all races, being a mixture of every blood on the face of the globe, it is therefore excusable that they never seem to get along together, and are always causing the white man so much anxiety. Remem ber, white folks, whatever wTe are, you helped to in ject the venom into us since 1619. We are a mon grel race, sometimes called Negro, but when a white man or a ew wants to get your vote or skin you a live, they refer to you as colored people. In Powell (unless lie has changed considerably) the Negro or colored people can expect to be ably represented— he will not be afraid to speak out, he can take care of himself, physically, morally, and intellectually. In closing, remembre a good stiff punch in the nose wrould be good medicine for Ranikn or Bilbo, when ever they go on one of those racial tirades. I— - —— -11— 11 - -■* but required to hire him because of them.” (Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, February 27, 1945. Column by: Westbrook Pegler. 2. “While Congress is working on a permanent fair employment practices law to govern interstate commerce, llinois should not lag behind in the adop tion of a comparable law applying to purely intra state industry — A bill now pending in the General Assembly to set up a state fair employment practic es commission. It deserves the support of Gover nor Green, who in a campaign speech last October 115 promised the administrtion’s ‘utmost power and influence’ in behalf of such legislation, in the name of tolerance, humanity, and democracy.” (Chicago Sun, February 27, 1945.). 3. “The important thing about the Ives-Quinn bill against discrimination is that it is addressed forthrightly to discrimination in employment. The depression taught a great many men what it meant to be denied the opportunity to work, to maintain one’s self-respect and to get ahead by one’s own ef forts. Yet, that opportunity is traditionally den ied o Negroes in many fields. Employer after em ployer in firm after firm has decided that he could run his business or his factory more smoothly if he hired only whites, or if he hired Negroes only for certain tasks This employing pattern is, of course shifted whenever the demand for labor exceeds the supply. Thus, in war time, even without new leg islation or without employment practices commit tees, Negroes would have been hired in greater num bers and tried in harder jobs—It seems to us that the provision of the Ives-Quinn bill offer a temper ate and hopeful means of changing the custom whereby “No Negroes” is widely accepted as a law of hiring—The bill is scheduled for prompt action in both houses of the legislature. Its passage will be a break with custom, but with bad custom. And of that Americans should sot be afraid.” (New York Herald Tribune, February 28, 1945). 4. “New York State debated last week the prob lems of racial and religious discrilination. The spur was the Ives-Quinn bill, introduced in the State Legislature, to outlaw discrimination in employ ment for reason of race, color or creed. This bill would set up a permanent five-man State Commis sion Against Discrimination, which would attack the problem in two ways: (1) it would carry on an educational campaign among employer and employ ee groups in an effeit to ease racial tensions by ar !Aews-letter ^ WHAT’S HAPPENING IN | Washington HISTORICAL LIGHT ON VE DAY Most Americans think Civil War ended with Lee’s surrender at Ap pomattox on April 9, 1865. But note what General Grant wrote in his Memoirs: “Lee .Haiti to me that the South wax a hi»t country ami that we miiurht have to march over It three or four time* before the war ended, but that we would now be able to doit, a.** they could no longer resist u*.” Thennote this sequence: April 26, 1865: General Joe K. Johnston surrendered to General Sherman in North Carolina. May 10, 1865: President Jefferson avis was captured at Irwinville, Georgia. He was trying to join General E. Kirby Smith’s forces a cross the Mississippi and continue the war. May 26, 1865: General E. Kirby Smith, ^surrendered — tralns-MIssiss ippi department, ■leaving no other Confederate army to continue the war, “according to General Grant’s Memoirs. The Civil War didn’t end until seven weeks after Gee’s surrender. The European war likewise may nd in a V-SITGTATION. DETROIT GAHOR: Three months ago, the very mention of reconver sion was blamed for labor shortag es in critical war plants; it made war workers over-conscious of the desirability of permanent peacetime jobs. Many observers at hearings on “chaos in Detroit labor-manage ment relations” held by Mead Sen ate War Investigating Committee are veering to the opposite conclus ion. Since Battle of the Bulge, armed services have successfully stoped not discussion of, but even planning for reconverpiorj. Si lence, isntead of being helpful prov ed harmful. Workers — not so dumb as Washington thought_in stantly recognized that a sudden ending of European war would cause abrupt stoppage in many cas es; reconversion would then have to start from scratch. Sopke’mfn for automotive inaus try now urge WPR encouragement of reconversion planning to mini mize transitional unemployment. Second decommendation: that De troit’s designation ns No. 1 critical labor area be changed to No. 2. Through new war business thus made posMible. management could conquer “contract termination jit- - ters” which has slowed up many workers. POST-VE DAY: Complying with secret Byrnes order, each war a gency has submitted report on prob able economic situation in its field after VE Day, with recommendat ions for future regulatidns. Gov ernment doesn’t wan- to be caught without blueprint in case of sud den ending of European war. NO EVEN STARTS: Numerous re quests that industries be given ‘‘ev en start” in reconversion have been rebuked by WPB. War Mobiliza tion and Reconversion Act declares that when facilities, materials, com ponents, and labor are not needed for war production, WPB shall per- j mit expansion, resumption, or init iation of production for non-war use; such production must be per mitted even though competitors are still in war work. “NAMELESS” CAR: To relieve automobile shortage, a single manu facturer may be ordered to manu facture a “nameless” or “victory” car. WPB says one producer would utilize labor and materials more e conomicaUy than all producers op erating a small but equal percent age of their facilities. Such a car— an economy model—would be as sembled from parts produced where ever there was available capacity. No picking of preferred sources of supply. The maker of this car would be just as interested as his j The Omaha Guide I ★ A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER JL, 1 Published Every Saturday at 2)20 Grant Street ' OMAHA, NEBRASKA—PHONE HA. 0800 Entered as Second Class Matter March 15, 1927 at the Post Office at Omaha, Nebraska under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. C- C- Galloway,.... Publisher and Acting Ea.toi All News Copy of Churches and all organiz ations must be in our office not later than 1:00 p. m. Monday for current issue. All Advertising Copy on Paid Articles, not later than Wednesday noon, preceeding date of issue, to insure public ation. , SUBSCRIPTION RATE IN OMAIIA \ ONE YEAR.$3.00 SIX MONTHS . $1.75 ' THREE MONTHS . $1-25 ^ SUBSCRIPTION .RATE OUT OP TOWN j ONE YEAR . $3.50 t SIX MONTHS . $2.oo \ | National Advertising Representatives— ^ ! INTERSTATE UNITED NEWSPAPERS, Inc \ [ 545 Fifth Avenue, New York City, Phone:— i MUrray Hill 2-5452, Ray Peck, Manager i _ i " “The Willing Hor», L * Jl competitor in keeping it "nameless'’ WOODROW WILSON’S STRIKE FOILING METHOD has been called to FDR’s attention. When an im portant strike was about to be call ed during World War I, leaders were summoned to Washington. Tumulty, Wilson’s secretary, greet ed them: “The morning after your strike is called, the President will make the following statement to the American people.” The state ment, if issued, would have branded the strike leaders as traitors. The strike did not occur. ANTI-ROYALTY BILL: ( Senator Josiah W. Bailey (Dem.—N. Car ) has introduced a bill to forbid un ions from exacting payments of any kind from employers (check off except as a collection from wor kers via management). Bill would prohibit Lewi^' proposed royalty of 10c a ton, and Petrillo’s royalty on recording.^ as well as Dubin sky’s (International Ladies’ Gar ment Workers) collection from em ployers of an amount equal to 3% to 5% of payroll set aside for un ion’s welfare fund. Proponents claim such payments to unions are already forbidden by Wagner Act which makes manage ment contributions to financial suport of unions an unfair labor ractice. Union leaders say no, in tent of this provision is to outlaw company unions. Itniley liiil bn* no ehnuee unless coal "trike Inflames public. Labor bitterly antagonistic} royalty de vice uppeals to many unions New Dealer* will follow union wl*he*. Republican attitude: “Curbing la bor helps Administration. Our best chance to get back Into power Is through the renctiou when and if labor goes too far.” Bit; BILLS: Banks may soon be ordered to take down names and addresses and to require identific ation of all persons presenting bills larger than $20. Bills of $50. $100, $500 $1,000 denominations have in creased far more rapidly than the smaller denominations in general use. FBI will get clues for income tax evasions and black market op erations. Obstacle: banks claim insufficient manpower. “BUSINESS MEN OF AMERICA. INC.” is being organized by for mer Democratic Congressman How ard McMurray of Wisconsin. With Administration bles'sing. it will compete with U. S. Chamber of Commerce and National Association of Manufacturers Wallace-minded business men are being encouraged to join. Wherever expedient, it will represent business on govern ment sponsored committees In fields where old wine organi zations prove obstinately anti-New Deal, Administration policy has been to fifeer opposition organiz ations. Thus, although the Farm ers’ Union is the smallest of four major farm organizations, is pres ident, James Patton, often repre sents farmers at government or labor meetings. National Lawyers’ Guild was organized to counter the American Bar Assoliation. New national physicians’ organization in in the making to offset American Medical Association. American Vet erans' Committee is being groomed for liberal minded veterans of World War II HAY IS TURNS “TOUGH”! The opening declaration of former WLB Chairman William H. Davis con firms our recent prediction that, as Director of Economic Stabiliz ation, he would carry on Judge Vin son’s "tough” policy: “A person brought up as I was on the Maine coast does not let go the wheel heading 'ito a squall. Every understanding person will be doubly alert in this eleventh hour to guard against the tragic evils of inflation Now is no time to relax either the price controls or the wage controls under the Stab ilization Act of Oct. 2, 1942. bitration and mediation; (2) it would have power to investigate and bring charges against employers ac cused of discrimination. Violators of the code would be liable to fines up to $500 and or imprison ment dp to one year —Representatives of labor, Negro, Protestant, Catholir and Jewish organiz ations spoke in fafor Spokesmen for the opposing groups approfed the educational features of the bill and centered their attack on the punitive provisions. These, they claimed, would foment rather than ease tensions.” (New York Times, Feb. 28, 1945). 5. “There are at least two amendments to the Ives-Quinn bill that ought to lie acceptable to the great bulk of its supporters. They would clarify the bill and assure a more just adtministration with out in any way impiringa its declared purpose to prevent and eliminate ‘discrimination in employ ment and otherwise against persons because of race, creed, color or national origin.’ The first of these amendments would merely remove any possibility of misinterpretation of the meaning of the word ‘creed’—The second amendment is more important because it would apply to the organizational set-up in the bill. At present the proposed State commis sion against discrimination, consisting of five mem bers, would be in the dual position of acting as both complainant and judge against an employer or union In addition to a commsision with compulsory powers of judgement, there should be a separate commission or administrator whose agents should make the first efforts at conciliation, with power to pass on the complaint to the judging commission if these efforts at conciliation failed, or if they were convinced that discrimination was being practiced” (New York Times, February 27, 1945). DO’S AND DON’TS You usually try on dozens of hats before you find the one, so DO be careful that your handling doesn’t soil the merchandise. Greasy hair and dirty hands soil hats. Use sample hats when requested.