The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, June 03, 1944, Image 1
First Negro-Manned Subchaser Prepares For Action Against U-Boats j First members of their race to man a submarine chaser, the crew of the U. S. S. PC-1264 is shown receiving instruction in gunnery, depth-charge attacks, and deck and engneerirtg dut ies or. the shakedown cruise of the new 173-foot escort vessel which was /tommbsioned April 25. 1944. At top reading from left to right, sev on deck. 2nd pic. shows two look eral crew members hold rifle practice outs. Seaman 1st Class J. Boggs (far left) and Seaman 2d Class A. Rich ards. scan the horizon with officers cm the flying bridge. Third picture Yeoman 2d Class P. J. Davis takes takes the wheel in the pilot-house as Quartermaster 3d class A. R. Cork makes an entry in the rough log. 4th pic shows a few crew members relax ing from their many heavy duties at chow time in a corner of the general mess. 5th—Quartermaster 3d Class. A. R- Cork (rear) exchanges biinker messages with another ship, while Sea man 2d Class M. Coleman rep-arts to flrricui. m. *- •Atrr woTWMAMt* the bridge by battle telephone. 6th— a depth charge which has been rolled off the fantail explodes astern during a practice submarine attack. The U. S. S. PC-1264 includes 53 Negro sea men and 8 white petty officers in its crew. It will be eventually manned by an all-Negro crew. ( from OW'D Shadows of Post- ▼▼ ar Unemployment Appear A s 800 More Negro Steel Workers Are 77Laid Off” WHITE WOMANHOOD USED IN TEXAS FIGHT AGAINST SUPREME COURT EDICT ... TRACK WONDER HO SORED AT IL^ISI. Claude "Buddy" Young, hailed by sporawnters as the greatest track star since the incomparable Jesse Owens, has been selected by fellow students at Illinois as the "athlete of the year." Young who was a sensa tion at the Drake relays is expected to capture individual honors in sever al meets coming up for decision. His speed and versatility on the gridiron is also counted on to push Illinois in to the football limelight this fall. Photo News Serx-icr MARI A REPORTED SERIOUSLY ILL New York. May 59 (PPNS) Un . confirmed reports have it that Mar va Louis who recently emerged as a singing star and was soon to appear at the famous Zanibar. is seriouslv ill. AGAINST BOTH ROOSEl'ELTS AUSTIN, Texas, June 3 (ANP) Marking a special effort to arouse public sentiments against President Roosevelt and the recent supreme court ruling which declared that Ne groes may vote in Democratic prim aries in this state, thousands ol cop ies of an inciting anti-Negro handbill were dropped last week from an air plane on the eve of the white Demo cratic state convention which pictured how the master-minds of the white Democratic party here are hiding be hind the skirts of white womanhood. Placing white women in front of the "gun", the handbill said: “Will your daughter marry a Negro? Who will run the state of Texas—whites or blacks?” While the handbill ran the gauntlet of racial appeals which play upon the prejudices of the ignor ant southern white, it was de finite! v anti-Yankee, anti-Roosevelt. anti-Kei ly-Nash, anti-Hague, anti-northern. Negro, anti-supreme court. “A supreme court decision has just said Negroes can vote in white pri maries,” the handbill pointed out. “Then why should they have to pay; a poll tax to vote ?” The same court' is going to pass on that, and soon. Which way will it decider” The handbill posed such questions as : “Why shouldn’t they (Negroes) sit with you on the street car or bus? Why shouldn’t they sit next to your children in school? Which way will the court i supreme court) decide on that? Why shouldn't a Negro marry your daughter?” But white women who marry even the whitest of white Negroes will ertainly have ‘coal’ black babies, the handbill warned. “A quadroon, or lighter crossed breed, may often easily pass for a brunette white,” it said. “He may then marry your daughter. And the i Continued on Page MG'.) College Drive Dinner r Du Mordecai YY. Johnson was the principal speaker at a dinner staged by Chicago Negro business men at the Parkway ballroom Wednesday night for the benefit of the United Negro College campaign. About 55, ooo was realized after Dr. Johnson’* eloquent and moving address. Left to right J. E. Stamps, co chairman Chicago committee: B. J. Cahn. pres idem, B Kuppenheimer 4 Co., chairman special gifts committee Dr. Mordecai \V. Johnson, president of Howard university and Truman K. Gibson, president Supreme Liberty Life Insurance company, o-chairman of corporations. Claude A. Barnett was chairman of the committee ar ranging the dinner. PAUL ROBESOX GIVES HIGH ACADEMY AWARD AXD DR. W. E. B. DuBOIS ALSO HONORED New York. June 2 i ANP Honor ed along such outstanding personalit ies as Theodore Dreiser. Samual Me Clure. Upton Sinclair, Carl Van Dor en and Willa Cather, Paul Robeson, famed actor of stage and screen, was presented the Academy medal for good diction on the stage by the A merican Academy of Arts and Let ters. while Dr. \Y. E. B. DuBois. no* ed educator, lecturer and write’* — named one of the newly elected mem bers of the National Institute of Arts and Letters at an annual joint cerem onial Friday afternoon in the audit orium of the academy. America Must Start New Treatment of Minorities c Mrs. Roosevelt Says (BY ERNEST E. JOHNSON. BALTIMORE. June 1 (ANP. — Before one of the biggest mass dem onstrations this city has ever seen. Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt declared that America is the hope of the world’s future, but if this nation is to fulfill its role it has got to begin at home with a more advanced treatment of its minorities. Speaking to an audience of 5,006 Persians who crowded Sharpe Street ME. church and overran the streets, outside of the huge edifice, the First Lady, in forthright but simple lang uage, outlined her belief in democracy i and went on to explain that the eyes Omaha Boy Plays on Fort Huachuca Baseball Nine Out at Fort Huachuca. Arizona, it is now baseball time. The Post will have one of the Army's greatest teams this year, according to the. first opening games already played. Th’s baseball team is one feature at tractions now being offered as a part of the vast recreational and “off dun" programs, which have been so effective under the direction of Col onel Edwin X. Hardy, post-comman der. Baseball is a major attraction ! at Fort Huachuca. where thousands | ot soldiers spend many enjoyable | hours cheering championship teams. I Front row. left to right: Hinton. Savannah, Ga.. Moore. Chicago. 111.. , Brown. Orange. X. J.. Porter. Me ! Allis ter. Okla.. Johnson. Orange. X. ' J„ Young. Tulsa. Okla.. Wright, Los Angeles. Calif., McCoy. San Diego | Calif.. Leonard. Baton Rouge. La.. Turner. ( Capt.} Glendak. Ohio. Second row: Beasley. San Amorte. Texas. Luke. Riverside. Calif.. Jones. Tyler. Texas. Scales. San Antoine, Texas. Nelson. Tulsa. Okla.. Harper. Mobile. Ala.. Jackson. Texas. Hawk ins. Green. Chicago. 111.. Powell. Ak ron. Ohio. METCALF. OMAHA. NEBR.. Culpepper. Riverside. Calif., Nix, Chicago. 111.. Strickland. River side. Calif., Martiani. Los Angeles, Calif.. Branford. Mitchell. Lawrence ville. Ill— Guy. Lt. Bryant. Braver falls. PemL. Lt. Chambers. Wheeling W . \ a.. Thomas. Nashville. Tenn.. Richardson. Marshall. Texas. Mott. Chicago. 111. 1700 NOW IDLE Chicago. June 1 (ANP) The south side was given a picture of post-war unemployment chaos this week when 300 Negro war workers employed at the East Chicago Cast Armor plant of the American Steel Foundries com pany were discharged. With 900 al : ready dismissed from tire plant in the ! first wholesale dismissal of Negro workers, this week's figure brings the I total to 1700 Negro war workers dis jnissed by the plant in two wholesale payoffs within a six month period. In an effort to estimate whether rthe two mass layoffs were directed deliberately against Negro workers or is the result of a natural decrease in I business of which colored and white must be discharged accordingly, it was learned that only 700 whites have heen let out by the company as com pared with the 1700 Negroes dismis sed. While neither company officials nor union leaders would predict whet: the workers will be re-employed, some union heads feel that the number of Negroes discharged is outrageous when compored to the number of whites. C. EL Jennings, leader in the CIO United Steel Workers’ union, con demned company and government of ficials for refusing to notify the men m time to permit them to find suitable employment. "Over a month ago.” Jennings said, "we asked the comp-, any to affirm or deny newspaper re ports that the government ad order ed the plant to be closed. The comp any and several governmental agenc ies denied the report. They did not even take steps to transfer the men to other jobs so no time would be lost from production." Since it is unknown when the plant will reopen, the workers face a pos sible loss of seniority. “As the war draws to a close," explained Wesley Thompson, prsident of the Douglass Washington institute.’’ even a single day's seniority will prove to be most 1 valuable. A Negro just can't afford to sacrifice seniority. It is to be hoped the discharged Negroes will maintain their union standing as long as they possibly can. If they do that they will get their jobs back." The plant has been assigned the wartime job of making cast armor for I army tanks. of the world will be fastened upon us in our exposition of sound principles for a post-war world, particularly in war-torn Europe. Her appearance was a stimulant to the membership membership drive being conducted by the local branch of the NAACP. "This is the nation which has the hope of the future before it con stantly,” she stated. “I think we must remember that what we do is very important because it points the way for bigger things than what we accomplish in this country.” Mrs. Roosevelt noted that the job of world adjustment is not going to j be achieved “overnight", observing ! that the children of Europe in partic ular have been indoctrinated with Nazi teaching. Before America can change this thinking, she said, they will “have to be shown that the peo ple who tell them certain things real ly do those things in their own lives" Mindful that this has not a’way= been the practice here. Mrs. Roose velt considered that if “we are to be a useful people, ''we have got to be gin at home. She enumerated justice, equal opportunity for education and equal economic opportunity according to ability as the basic rights of all citizens. "We have learned that it is not the color of your skin, your re ligion or your race which makes you more able to do certain things than oth t people." she asserted. "People are not bom with discrim ination.” she continued. "It has to be taught them as a rule." i Roosevelt then warned against the | use of “generalities'' in describing likes and dislikes of peoples, and ! added the hope that "eventually all peoples throughout the world wHo have had the chance • -> be fvrne anr; I conform to the general requirements i of citizenship will be able to par*ic Saturday, June 3, 1944 OUR 17th YEAR—No. 17 Entered as 2nd class matter at Post-oftice. Omaha, Nebr„ Under Act of March 8. 1874. Publishing Offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha. Nebr. Rouse Guests MISS MARJORIE CLAYTER.— house guest of C. C. Galloway for the past week, has returned to Atch mson. Kansas where she is stopping with her parents. She will return to j Detroit. Michigan soon where she has made her home. Marjorie recently returned from an extended visit to Toledo. Ohio and Chicago. While in Chicago, she was assistant manager of the Neighbor hood Grocery, located at 655S Champ lain and operated by her aunt. Miss Clayter recently took a civil | service examination for radio techn- j ician work. She was highly enter tained while here by relatives an"* friends of Kansas City, her former home. j Poppy Sale Nets $106.00 Mrs. Butler of the Le gion Auxiliary reports — $106.00 for Poppy sale. (see page 4, Aux. News) Breakfast for Servicemen Sunday, June 4th the USO Club Hostesses will hold a breakfast for the servicemen, (see C. S. O. News, page 4) hattie McDaniel an EXPECTANT MOTHER Los Angeles, June 1 (ANP) Hat tie McDaniel famous motion picture actress and the first Negro to receive the Academy award, is an expectant mother, according to a studio ann ouncement this week. The wife of Lloyd Crawford, for mer Detroit real estate man. Miss McDaniel is trying to complete three pictures with Fox, United Artists and j Universal beiore the blessed event. Th studios furnish a private car and attendant to take the movie star to and from work. ■ 1 = ipate in government.” Concluding she said: “We will strengthen our own nation if we work together. I do not believe that there can be a real democracy which is not based upon the Christian relig ion. upon the principles that Christ preached and lived. ‘'Peacefully we are working out our destiny. If we can workit out with constant pressure, but peaceful I ly pressure and cooperation, then the world can work out its problems be : cause we heer have all the nations of t the world in our one nation." Following the meeting. Mrs. Roose velt was presented with a gift by Mrs. Beatrice Martin, co-chairman of the local membership committee of the j NAACP. Earlier in the program I greetings on the part of the city of Baltimore were delivered by Linwood ! Roger, assistant solicitor. The Mor gan State iollege chorus provided mu sical diversion. I MISS L7JRA MAE HILL, of Hanford, Washington, who is visit ing relatives, friends and was the house guest of C C. Galloway, ha* returned to Washington. She is em ployed as a Postmistress for the Ohm pta Commissars- Co., Hanford. Wash. She also is the niece of Mrs. Genora Godsbv, who was formerly a resi dent at 2420 Erskine St., but is now Mrs. Genora Wallingford of Atchin son, Kansas. Miss Hill will also stop m Atchinson. Kan?., to visit her mother, Mrs. Alice Hill, relatives and friends. Mac ARTHUR REDUCES DEATH SEXTENCES FOR FIVE TO LIFE New York—The sentences of death by hanging imposed on four Americ an Negro soldiers and one American Negro merchant seaman, after con viction on a rape charge in Austral ia. have been commuted to life im prisonment by General Douglas Mac Arthur, the NAACP learned last week. Following the receipt of a letter from the law firm of O'Sullivan and Ruddy in Townsville, Australia, the NAACP sent a cablegram to Gener al MacArthur asking permission to file a brief appealing from the sen tences. In replying to Walter White's cablegram MacArthur's head quarters cabled: “Prior to receipt of your message General MacArthur has carefully re viewed and adjusted the case. He confirmed the findings and sentenced but commuted the latter to life im prisonment. The case, in accordance with law, is now being finally check ed for legal suffiiency by Board of Review.” Thurgood Marshall, N'AACP spec ial counsel, said that as soon as the record in the case arrives from Aus tralia an appeal brief will hi pre pared by the N'AACP. which has cabled once more for permission to fife it even though the sentences have been commuted to life in prison. The five men. Hazzard. Johnson, Seymour. Nelson and Davis, were accused of criminally attacking a white American Red Cross worker on the night of January 10, 1944. af ter she had hailed their truck for a hitch-hike ride back to her quarters. She admitted she had been on a drinking party but had become angry with some members of it and had started out for home. She said that after the men had taken her on a long ride, they dragged her out of the truck and successfully assaulted her. Four men testified that they had had relations with her but that she was willing and cooperative The fifth defendant. Nelson, the merchant sea man. refused to take the stand. CHRISTEN TUBMAN JUNE 3 Washington. June 1 i'AN'P) —The date for christening of the S. S. Har riet Tubman, a liberty shin, has b-»en changed from May 30 to June 3, the War Shipping administratior. annc-unc i ed last week. The-1 | World | ithis | Week | (BY JOHN PITTMAN) D-DAY AND THE LONDON WORLD LABOR PARLEY WEST INDIES PROGRAM GANDHI AND EBOUE . D-Day—it's almost come, brother. My Lord, what a morning! Hell's fire and brimstone. Retelling earth. Rain of splintered steel. Man-made meteors bursting. The belching can nons' din. Tanks grinding. Propel lers roaring. Men shouting, cursing, screaming. Men running, dodging, falling, killing. Men dying. Death’s own private day. Masses of frag mented flesh. The Channel dyed crimson. White men's blood. Black men's blood, too. What's it mean to you. brother? Belated integration? Yes, but the racial myth crushed to earth. The debris of a lie swept into the garbage bin of history. Death for old Jeff Davis' spiritual offspring, the rat taced man with the trick mustache and the unruly forelock. Death for all the bastardized progeny of this Twentieth Century Simon Legree. A million Aryan supermen de-Aryaniz ed. Mein -Karnpi fcmtsfcjg to the privy. Ten million Bilbos silenced. Exorbitant fraternity? Yes. but Africa's rape avenged. Retribution for centuries of lynchings. The slave mart's memories effaced. Equality to die? Yes. but an un forgettable lesson for the world. At tack's lesson on a Boston Commons one hundred and fifty years later in Europe. Peter Salem's lesson on a Flanders’ Bunker Hill. Fred Doug lass' lesson in a Belgium Washington. Booker T's lesson in a German At lanta. They all said: Brother, toget her, we can make a better world. To gether, we will all be free." How long to learn a lesson. Lord! But so that mankind will remember it this time, thanks for D-Day. MOMENTOUS MEETING Others, too. mean for the lesson to stick this time. They're meeting next week. June 5, in London. They rep resent those with the giggest stake in victory and the biggest stake in peace They represent world labor. It’s the most important labor confab in our time. We'll have many friends there. Latin America will have delegates. V incente Lombardo Toledano will speak. He spoke this month at the In-emational Labor Office meeting in Philadelphia. He denounced rac ial prejudices. He said Latin Amer ica could give Uncle Sam a lesson. And Lombardo's a big man with a big voice. Soviet trade unions will be repre i rented. They're the biggest unions in the world. And in their country, if a man discriminates on account of race or color, he's jailed. So they'll C ntir.ued on Page 3^" _ MR. LEONARD OWEN DIES .. Mr. Leonard Owen, 240:; North 2Pth Street, died Wednesday, May 24th. He had been a resident of O maha 34 years. He had been em ployed at the Paxton Hotel a num ber of years as a waiter and at the time of his death he was Captain and was a former Head-waiter at the Happy Hollow Country Club. Mr. Owen was a veteran of the First World War. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Cora Owen. Omaha, mother. Mrs. Clara John-it, sister, Mrs. Juanita Henderson, both of Los Angeles, California, two cousins. Mr. i Leslie \\ ebb. Mr. Ravmond Davis of Omaha. The body lay in state at the Thomas Funeral Home until the funeral hour. Service- were held | Saturday afternoon at the St. John's j A ME. Church with Rev E. F. Rid ley and Rev. P. W. McDaniels of ficiating. Roosevelt Post No. 30 of the American Legion in charge of j the military services, with burial at i Prospect Hill Cemetery.