The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, February 19, 1944, CITY EDITION, Image 1

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Entered as Second-Class Matter at Under Act of March 8, 1874— _CITY EDITION
the Post Office, Omaha, Nebraska, Business Phone: HA-0800. HA-0801 Saturday, Fsb. 19, 1944 O U R 17th YEAR—No. 2 price five cents
First Negro Navigators on Final Cadet Long-Distance Flight
Fet€d by Negro Press
and Organizations .. ..
Along Flight Route
do, Texas*—The Nation’s first class
of Negro navigation cadets, sched
uled to be graduated on February’
26. 1944 .with commissions in tile
Army Air Forces, will navigate
eight C-60 Lockheed Lodestar plan
es from Hondo Army Air Field to
New York City the week of Febr
uary 14. the War Department re
Constituting the final combat
training phase of the cadets as
AAF students, the tlight will in
clude landings at Chicago. Illinois
and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The
tentative itinerary calls for rendez
vous at Chicago on Monday, Febr
uary 14, at Pittsburgh on February
15. and at New York City on Feb
ruary 16, with one night lay-over in
each city. The return trip to Hon
do Army Air Field was made on
February 17.
' Colonel George B. Dany, Air
Corps, commanding officer of
Hondo Army Air Field, where the
navigation cadets have already
completed 16 weeks of an 18 week
strenuous training program, ann
ounced that the unit of cadets,
known as squadron 10, were the
guests at colorful receptions given
by two Negro newspapers, the
Pittsburgh Courier and the New
York Amsterdam News and the
New York City Defense Recreation
Committee, Inc.
24 navigation cadets participated
in the flight. Other personnel eon
sisted of 18 pilots under the Com
mand of Major G. B. Price. Air
FI. .»•, /Minn nil t nnrl nAmmonil.
l~» • - w~ - —— x-' -
er of Group III at Hondo Field; 13
navigation officers (instructors),
headed by First Lieutenant George
F. Mclnemey, Air Corps, who has
guided Squadron 10 as flight com
mander during its tour of training,
and eight enlisted crew chiefs.
Lieutenant Colonel Cecil H.
Childre. Air Corps, director of the
training at the huge Texas airbase,
piloted one of the training ships on
the combat flight and served a®
commander of troops Details Of
planning and directing the flight
were the responsibility of Major
Price until the destinations wee
Although the combat flight per
mitted participation by flight per
sonnel in prepared celebrations,
the training cement involved was
the first consideration, Colonel Day
emphasized. He further pointed
out that the fulfillment of all the
flights depended oa prevailing eon
ditions aong the routes flown.
Aviation Student Walter A. Ar
rington. of Washington, D. C. serv
ed as group marcher for the unit.
He is a graduate of Michigan State
College (BS.. 1941), where he was an
outstanding athlete. He also was
& member of the All-American
Track Teem and recipient of the
Illinois Relays All-Around Track
Award in 1940.
Severn of the navigation cadets
are from the state of New York.
Other states represented by the
group included Michigan. Californ
ia, West Virginia. Iowa, Illinois,
Idaho. Pennsylvania New Jersey,
Kentucky, Massachusetts, Wyo
ming and North Carolina.
Before entering the AAF navig
ation school, these cadets had
many vocations, among them be
ing th^i following: optical instru
ment assembler, photographer, air
craft riveter, radio engineer, assist
ant medical technician, bacteriolo
gist and junior statistician.
w xuit* iraiimi^ nuuau x ic.u,
the class has ‘‘logged” 15,000 miles
on training flights. Their training
ships were C-60 Lockheed Lode
stars and the AT-7 Navigator.
During the course the cadets
gained proficiency in four phases
of aerial combat navigation: dead
reckoning (instrument flying); pil
otage (familiar landmarks); radio
(beaim flying), and celestial (plott
ing a course by reference to Celes
tial bodies.)
Following graduation the Negio
navigators will receive advance
training as bombardiers.
Pilot J. L. Harrison of Omaha,
Nebraska was among the second
contingent of Negro pilots to fin
ish their courses at Mathers field
in Calif., on twin-engine planes.
He has been ordered to Selfridge
Field. Michigan, where he will
join a medium bombardment group.
He received his wings at the field
at graduation exercises. Thursday,
February 10th.
Hampton Institute. Va., ‘‘Songs
for Soldiers,” a program dedicated
by the student choir of H amp tor
Institute to army personnel in the
Tidewater Virginia area, will b<
bradcast over station WGH nex1
Surday (Feb. 20) evening at 10 o
c’ock on the Hampton Institut*
Forum of the Air.
Subscribe Today!
Repubr ns
1st Session
“Negroes Only Hope
in Republican Party”
Says Wm. E. King
CHICAGO, Feb. 18, (ANP) Sect
ional clashes, politics within polit
ics, resulted in the confusion that
greeted Republican leaders from
various parts of the nation who as
sembled here last Friday for the
opening se°sion of a scheduled two
day conference a* the Pershing
| hotel.
Although the objective of the
i conference was to utHne a coti
j structjve program to be presented
! in behalf of the Negro at the Re
| publican National convention here
I in June, the formation of such an
| organization for that purpose re
sulted in chaos, confusion and
clashes from the floor to the ap
parent embarrassment of Judge
Edward W. Henry of Philadelphia,
who was chosen to serve as tem
I porary chairman.
Even an effort to forpi the body
into a permanent organization by
the selection of temporary offic
ers met with opposition, and hints
of suspicion, which included charg
j es that the selection was made in
i "railroad” style, were voiced. More
than once the chair was given the
1 task of determine who among five
; or six. had the floor. Mrs. Grace
| W. Evans, a delegate from Indiana
] opposed the move to make the '
; temporary officers permanent of
| ficers as against the best interest
i of the organization. She branded j
| the move as unfair, inasmuch as it
| did not give the delegates the ben
efit of democratic selection of offic ;
I ers of their own choice.
Probably the most tranquil mo- j
j ments of the opening session was
during the fiery speech of Atty. I
j William E. King, frmer Illinois 1
j state senator, who demanded jus ;
tice, equality and freedom for the j
J Negro while tracing the history of
the Republican party back to the
days of Abraham Lincoln.
“There will be no. peace in this
world until the rejected 13 million
Negroes have been accorded their
proper place," King prophesied.
During the first world’s war and
present world’s war both Presid ■
ents have been democratic. he
pointed out, as he demanded equal
ity in the sacrifices and the winn
ing of the peace. While less than
10 percent of the Negroes voted
for Woodrow Wilson, more than
50 percent of the Negro votes were
i cast for Franklin Delano Roose
velt, he said, reminding his listen
ers that colored soldiers are still
being treated unjustly, are still be
ing beaten and assaulted while
wearing the uniform of their coun
King went on to attack the pres
ent administration, charging that
It suffered from mal-administra
tion. ‘‘The gov .ment is distinct
from the administration.” he said.
"A man may be loyal to his govern
ment but may oppose the adminis
While the FEPC has been set up
to protect the rights of minorities,
including the Negro. King express
ed doubt if it was really meant to
work in behalf of Our people.
Wherever the FEPC has run into
southern interest, the administra
tion has backed up the solid south.
He brought attention to the fact
' that the three-man committee sel
■ eeted by the President to invest -
gate the wrangle between the sou
them railroads and the FEPC 1 as
made a report and now another
committee has been selected to re
port on the three-tnan committee.
The Negro’s only salvation is in
the Republican party, he declared,
stating that although Negro valor
Randolph, Webster
Speak Here Sunday
To Speak of Many
Things_• •
Official OW1 photo by Roger Smith
Milton P. Webster, International
Vice President of the Brotherhood
of Sleeping Car Porters, and labor
representative of the President’s
Committee on Fair Employment
Who is Jones? If police couid
learn the true identity of the per
son who called and advised them
-tv investigate the watch and «-Vck
repair shop murder at 1843 North
24th street, they might be able to
obtain better clues in regards to
the possible slayer of Thomas
Douglass, found there Saturday
afternoon, dead before his work
bench with a cheap watch clutched
in hjs hand.
This anan, who gave cc police no
other information concerning him
self other than that he was '.Tones’
living at an address on Blohdo,
Which proved to be false—might
not have in anyway been concern
ed with the actual murder; but
'his just telling the police how he
came to call them would be of
great help in solving the mystery.
lias been shown On every battle
field. from Crjspus Attucks to Dorie
Mjller. his race is "the most unpop
lar in America. “There isn’t a
single group that does not enjoy
more privileges than our group,”
he asserted.
The conference declared itself in
favor of pushing:
1. Integration of the Negro into
American democracy.
2. Colored Americans in policy
forming positions of the govern
3. The Negro in nost-war poli
4. Rep. esentation of the Negro
at the peace conference as part
of the American delegation.
5. Compulsory federal voting
law, anti-lynching law.
6. Further extension of the soC
iaol security and the old age pen
sion benefits.
7. The stand of the Republican
oarty: on universal franchise; on
lynching; on poll tax and their at
titude toward injustices.
8. Creation by congress of a
statutory committee on fair em
] plyoment practices.
9. Federal funds for public ed
10. Election of president and vice
1 president by direct vote.
11. Jim crow law in all its phas
i es.
12. The effect of a national serv
ice act on Negro labor.
The officers who guided the con
! ference were Judge Edward W
| Henry. Philadelphia. chairman;
| Charles W. Anderson, Jr„ Louis
ville. 1st vice chairman; Mrs. Fan
nie M. Shanks. Minneapolis. 2nd
vice chairman; Atty. George V.
Lawrence. Chicago, executive sec
retary: Atty. Eunice H. Carter of
New Tork. recording secretary and
Charles H. Mahoney. IV trOit, treas
Local Brotherhood
Sponsor Treat For
Community at Zion
Baptist Church, Sun.,
Feb. 20—3 P.M.
The Omaha Division of the Bro
therhood of Sleeping Car Porters,
local No. 32, invites the members
of organized labor, workers and
friends to a public meeting, held
under its auspices at Zion Baptist
Church, 2215 Grant St., Sunday,
February 20, at 3 pm.
Speakers at this meeting will be
>Ir. A .Philip Randolph, Interna
tional President of the Brotherhoc>d
of Sleeping Car Porters and Mr.
M. P. Webster, International First
Vice President of the Brotherhooi.
This meeting is a series of meet
ings being held in the middle w^st
under the auspices of the Brother
hood for the purpose of bringing
workers and organized labor up to
date on the various economic prol
lems that confront Negroes today.
In this meeting Mr. Randolph
will discu'ss the broader aspects of
the economic problems mat con
front Negro workers of today with
particular reference to the effect
of the War situation on the prob
lems that will confront the Negro
es in the orientation of the World
wide economic condition.
Mr. Webster, in addition to be
ing Vice President of the Brother
hood of Sleeping Car Porters, is a
member of the Post War Plann
ing Committee of the American
Federation of Labor, as well as a
member of the President’s Comm
ittee on Fair Employment Pract
ice. In addition to discussing the
immediate problems of the Broth
erhood and Negroes in Organized
Labor in general ,he is expected to
give some account of the Post-war
Planning program of the American
Federation Of Labor with particul
ar reference to the part that the
Negro workers must play in devel
oping the post war plan He is al
so expected to discuss some of the
recent developments of the Presi
dnt's committee on Fair Employ
ment Practice, with particular icf
erence to the Railroad hearing in
Washington. D. C. last Septem
This is the first time in several
years that Mr. Randolph has visit
ed Omaha, and the Brotherlu od
invites and urges the Citizens of
this community to take advantage
of the opportunity to hear these
two outstanding leaders of organ
ized labor.
VB e]l. they came around and got
us in a taxi honey, and took us to
| the Valentine Dance at Dreamland.
] Hall, Monday evening, February
| 14th. and what a time we had.
\ We knew it was going to be some
} blowout but never imagined it
| vvOu'ld be as great as it turned out
j to be. Talk about orchestras get
ting hot; talk about dancers being
I sent out of this world', yes talk
' about it, and when you stop talk
ing you’ll find “you ain’t said noth
ing yet’’.
How so much fun and amuse
ment Could get jammed in on.
place even as large as Dreamland
HaU is. just doesn’t make sense .
But they were there and stayed
there until the last toot of the
trumpets and moans of the 'salty'
<axaphones. Tes, it was a mighty
nice affair and much prais? is due
those responsible for it. But now
we are wondering when a dance IS
a dance.
For all the four hundred or more
folks we saw in Dreamland Hall.
Monday night were suppose to have
come to a dance. But when v*e
stepped in they were having them
selves a BALL. Well of court-",
maybe that only means an except
ionally good time. We hope there
wi'4 be more such affairs.
Dr. J. B. Martin, one of the fa
mous "Martin Bros, of Memphis,
Tenn." and at present President of
the Negro American Baseball Lea
gue was chosen as a candidate tor
a member of the Sanitary District
H tard in the coming election by the
Republican nominating Committee
of Cook County. (Press Photo Serv)
Something of a jolt is contained in
the figures collected by the Assoc
iated Negro Frees which show how
the Negro is stacking up in the
face of the selective service system.
Of the physically fit and draft
eligible men, not more than 70.000
of them out of the total registia
tion of those between the ages of
18 and 37 military liable, are going
to be around here to buy war
bonds and salvage fat when the
armed forces shall have met its
full quota.
Paul V. McNutt, chairman of
War Manpower commission, dis
cussed manpower needs for the na
tion for the first half of 1944 On
Monday last. He disclosed that
the requirements of the military
establishment have been hiked
>00,000 and therefore will stand at
11.3 million in June. This dots
not take into consideration the
•u-ed arising out of replacements
cor casualties.
On the basis of Mr. McNutts
.'■gare and the proportion of 10 per
cent which Negroes are expected
to provide, this means that the
armed forces are looking for 1,130
000 men sound of body. The num
ber of Negroes now in the services
is rapidly approaching 800,000.
According to the selective serv
ice system there were 2.4 million
Negroes registrants between the
ages of 18 and 37 militarily Fable
for duty. Experience to date is
that rejections based upon physic
al and educational deficiencies
have represented "more than" 50
percent of these men called.
It is reasonable to conclude, then
that with the reservoir of physic
ally and mentally fit Negro men
numbering less than 1.2 million,
there is going to be ess than 70,000
eligible men left outside of the
draft when the full Negro propor
tion is deducted.
Further, according to the 1941
12 report of selective service, ‘ the
number of Negroes inducted le a
iittle higher than the proportion
>f the population and of the regis
trations.” which means they are
going fast
Those Negroes who are c .unting
an w ar“essential” jobs t > win
them deferments can find little
comfort in figures given out in
this same report and dealing with
iceupationa! deferments. Negroes
Attends First Press
Conference Feb. 8th
Following rapidly on the visit
of a Committee from the Negro
Newspaper Publishers Association
with President
Roosevelt, the
first Negro Cor
respondent to be
accredited to the
White House, at
tended the Presi
dent's Press Con
ference, Tuesday,
February S.
Harry S. Me
McALPIN Alpin, former
chief of the Chicago Defender
Washington Bureau, is the accred
ited correspondent of the Atlanta.
Daily World, a Dally NegTo News
paper published at Atlanta. Geor
gia. McApin will serve also as
Chief of the Washington Bureau
of member papers of the Negro
Newspaper Pubishers Association.
Final arrangements for the ac
credidation of Mr. McAlpin were
completed Monday, February 7, by
John H. Sengestacke, President,
Negro Newspaper Publishers As
sociation and C. A. Scott. Atlanta
Daily World. The Association
White House Correspondent’s Com
mittee in aldition to Sengestacke
and Scott includes Louis Martin.
Michigan Chronicle; William O.
Walker, Cleveland CaH Post and
C. B. Powell. Amsterdam News.
Already the Association has two
correspondents covering Negro
units in the South Pacific and Tar
eastern war theatres.
Harry S. McApin lives at 2304
Place, N. W„ Washington. D. O..
telephone Taylor 2158. Mr. McAl
1 pin has lived in Washington for the
past seventeen years, is married
and has a daughter eleven years,
of age
He studied Journalism and Ad
vertising. University of Wisconsin,
X922-26. Worked three years as
reporter, city editor and office;
manager for the Washington Trib
une. Washington, D. C., 1926-29.
Handled all publicity and adver
tising for the National Benefit Life
Insurance Company, for four years
Worked in a supervisory capac
ity in the federal government for
seven years, the last 1 1-2 years of
which served as a chief of public
Since August, 1942, until the pres
ent has served as chief of the Wash
ington Bureau of the Chicago De
were only three percent of the
registrants deferred in Class Il-A,
which represents deferments of
those in essential civilian occunat
| ions. Class II-B. jobs essential to
! The war effort, showed there to be
(continued /-m paga 2)
Fellow Bomber Workers!
Within the next few days you are to determine
your future in your plant quote: Glenn L. Martin,
Nebraska Company to bargain as individuals and not
accomplish anything or as to bargain collectively
with a support of the great organization such as a
(UAW-CIO) that has 1,250,000 paying members
with an additional 300,000 members in the armed
forces. Today you are in a position to enjoy better
working conditions, job security, and higher wages
that are enjoyed by the members of hundreds of oth
er locals that are under the banner of the (UAW
CIO). You have in several instances been enlight
ened of what has been accomplished in the World’s
largest local, the Ford, River Rouge plant having a
membership of 140,000. With you joining the
(UAW-CIO) they secured $2,600,500 in back wages
and also received $52,000,000 in wage increase which
was equivalent to an average of $406 per employee
per year. As you know that the (UAW-CIO)
stands for no discrimination between color, creed,
race or religion or political affiliations, something
that no other organizations believe in, including the
Industrial Manufacturing Associations which is the
richest organization in the world and of which Glenn
L. Martin is a member. We plead for the benefit of
you Bomber Workers, who so long have been dis
criminated against—to do away with such tactics
as used by the latter, by voting (UAW-CIO) in your
next election, which will he held in your plant,
Wednesday, February 23, 1944.
At Fifth Army Field Headquarters, General Mark
Clark greets Bishop A. Gregg, representing the Fed
erated Council of Negro Churches of Christ in
America. At the Bishop’s left is T-Sgt. William C.
Chaney of Williamsburg, Va., personal aide to Com
manding General of the Fifth Army.
Absenteeism Tops
Complaints Among
Negro Workers
In 300 War Plants Urban League Finds
NEW YORK, Feb. 18 (ANP)
j 'Absenteeism" was listed as chief
among the difficulties encountered
by defense industries, in a recent
report of the National Urban lea
gue’s industrial relations laborat
ory. Three hundred plants furn
ished information which served as
a basis for a project relating u> the
performance of Negro workers.
The league has passed on the fol
lowing findings.
In June, 1943. the WMC reported
S.7 percent of the 14,673,000 work
ers employed by industries report
ing through the USES were Negro
es. This report would include ap
proximately 1.000,000 Negro work
ers. More recent figures, however
place the percentage at 3.3 pcrcent
due to the increased employm* nt
of Negroes. According -o still
more recent figures, the Urban
league estimates tne number of
Negro workers currently engaged
in war production and other es
sential war employn,en: at 1 500 -
Of the 300 plants from which in
CIO to Distribute ?
‘Races - Mankind9
The National CIO War Relief
Committee announced that it will
mail copies of the pamphlet “Rac
es of Mankind”, to a’! servicemen
on its mailing .ists w i,, are sta
tioned in this country; and that it
"ill request permission from the
War and Navv Departments to
send copies of the pamphlet to
men and women in the armed fore
es serving overseas.
The announcement was made
jointly by Chairman Irving Abra
mson and National Director Lt.i
Perl is (of the National CIO War
Relief Committee) in reply to the
recent action by the USO Board
upholding its President's decision
in banning the distribution .if this
publication in USO centers.
The Committee’s officers said
their action "’as postponed to give
the USO Board an opportunity fo
: reverse President Chester I. Bari; -
ard’s decision.
“However.” they said, “Mr. Bern
ard’s decision was upheld; and we
feel it is our duty to state our de
cision in emphatic terms! W'i lie
lieve this pamphlet is one of the
best weapons in the hands of on
soldiers. l|t certainly is one Of
the best answers to Hitler’s Aryan
creed....It promotes tolerance by
showing the brotherhood of man
kind, the likeness and the funda
mental unity of the races. It shit
es that the cure for race prejudice
lies in freedom from fear. It cm
phase* one of the fundaments!
principles for which our men onf
women in the armed forces
The National CIO War K lie1
Committee is one of the larg
contributors to USO activite
through the National War Fund.
^ formation was obtained, 288 re
| ported that they had increased the
number of Negro worker-; in their
employ during the present emerg
ency. The estimated total N<»gro
employment of the 300 industries
js 150,006. The total has not been
broken down by sex although Ne
gro women are known to be em
ployed in a number of the plants.
Generally speaking, however, it is
a known fact that the employm nt
of Negro women has not kept pace
with the employment of white
women or of Negro men, it is re
ported that less than 4 percent of
the 7,000,000 women workers in
war production and essential war
employment are Negroes.
Negroes are employed in skilled
operations by 154 of the 300 plants,
while semi-skilled workers were
reported in 247 of the 300 plants,
and all of them reported the use
of Negroes for unskilled jobs. The
majority of the plants employing
skilled workers were located in
the easteorn seaboard and midw- s—
| tern cities. Of the plants In the
Chicago area. 15 out of 35 listed
skilled workers. In the New York
area, including Connecticut. 51 out
of 80 industries included in the >ab
oratory reported the employment
of skilled Negro workers, wlijic in
the Cleveland-Detroit area, 24 c-ut
of 45 industries reported the em
ployment of Negroes in skilled jobs
Over 50 percent of the plants in
this category reported that they
had used the services of the Urb
an leag-ue in the selection and in
troduction of their first Negro
workers and had sought the assist
ance of league officials when minor
difficulties arose.
In 253 of the 300 industries, man
agement declared that on the bas
is of current experience with Ne
gro labor, they would continue to
employ them after the war. No
decision was reported from 12
plants, and the remaining .35 de
clined to make commitments.
In the 142 plants which listed dif
fieulties, the following complaints
appeared most frequently; higher
rate of absenteeism in 67 plants;
race friction in 21 plants; over ag
gressiveness and “chip on should
er attitude" in 11 plants; high tarn
over among Negroes in 13 plants
No answer to this inquiry c.une
(Continued on page|3gr’4i