The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 09, 1943, City Edition, Image 1

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Entered as Second-Class Matter at The Post Office. Omaha, Nebraska Saturdav, October 9, 1943 OUR 16th YEAR—No. 35 City Edition. 5c Copy
Under Act of March 8. 1874—Basines3Phone^WE^1517________=______=L-__=—————-^^^==^=1—=^^_j== ===
Omaha’s United War & Community-fund
Drive Goes into High-gear
Red Army medical authorities
sent this battle-field photo of nurse
giving first aid to wounded Rus
sian soldier to r-how one of uses to
which American gifts of bandages,
sulfa drugs and similar supplies are !
being put Through Russian War
Relief. Americans this year are
sending *1.000,000 worth of relief
® r>bds to the USSR each month.
Hillburn. N. Y.—Temporarily at
least, the parents of Hillburn, seem
to have grained an upper hand in
their peaceful but furious fight a
gainst their school board which is
trying to force them to send their
children to jim crow Brook school,
the dilapidation of wichh compares
somewhat badly with the poorer
specimens of Mississippi.
Ordered to Children’s Court in
New York City, New York. Wed
nesday. Setember 29, on charges cf
having violated the truancy laws
by refusing to send their 46 child
ren to school, the 22 parents were
given II*) suspended fines and or
dered to send their children im
mediately to "any accredited
school" in their town. Obediently
the parents trooped home and the
Oext morning. Thursday, trooped
across the highway which has been
arbitrarily’ set Up by the school
board as the school dividing l:r-e
between "white” and "colored”
and psr-sented their patient, mysti
fied tots to Hillburn Main school.
Once before, just following the be
ginning of their "strike” on Sept
ember 8. they had done this, and
had been met by J. Edgar David
son. school board head, who com
manded them to tak-1 their cltiid
ren to the school provided for them
Mr. Davidson met them again with
the same advice. Their children
are back where they have been tor
the past ten days, in the improvised
"private school" set up Under lic
ensed teachers with the aid of the
NAACP. Mr. Davidson, appearing
on the verge of a recurrence of his
’•fatigue poisoning". a peculiar
malady with which he was afflict
ed when Hillburn's anti-jim crow
insurrection began. indicated the
parents would soon be ream - 1
But meantime Mr. Davidson and
his school board are thrown on
the defensive by receiving a sum
mons from Education Commission
er Stoddard to appear in his office
in Albany. N Y.. on Monday to
answer protest made to the Comm
issioner on the segregation policy
Also, it is expected Mr. Davidson
will be called upon to figure out
some answer to queries seeking in
to his reasons for refusing regis
tration to the 46 Negro children, at
Hillburn Main school after the
children had been ordered by the
court to report to any "accredit
ed" school. Complications for him
lie in the fact that Hillburn Main
School is the only ‘•accredited"
school. Brook School not being rec
ognized as such by the State board
of Education.
The temper of the Hillburn par
With the third War Bond Drive1*
ended, preparations for Omaha's
United War and Community Fund
campaign went into high gear this
week. There were three outstand
ing devlopmenta:
A 1968,388 goal was announced;
Campaign headquarters were op
ened in Aquila Court building;
A strong program for collabor
ation Is; cn lab r and manage
ment was formulated.
The $968,388 goal is $87.46? high
er than the amount subcribed in.
the campaign a year ago. In an
nouncing it Chairman Sam Reyn
olds stated: “This represents the
largest fund raising job ever tackl
ed in this city for a single philan
thropic effort.”
Th- increased amount asked this
year" is due entirely to heavier de
mands from the National War
Fund to service its 17 agencies,”
Reynolds added. ‘‘For instance.
USO (Unite Service Organizations)
has expended so rapidly in the
past year with 2,490 units now op
erating all over the world serving
the U. S. armed forces .that it has
been granted a $61,227,009 share of
the National War Fund’s $125,000
'W Duaget.
Of Omaha’s campaign quota $297
150 is allocated to the National
War Fund. This compares with
$156,150 for the past year.
On the Home Front, the Comm
unity Chest quota has been cut
I $10,000 below the amount approp
I Hated for its 29 agencies during
■ the past year. Reynolds pointed
Organized labor this year, in O
rnaha as well as all over the nation
Is participating more unitedly than
in any previous campaign, the
ci airman exrlained. A labor advis
er y committee has been set up
[ here composed of representatives j
of A. F. of L.. CIO., railway bro- •
therhoods and the typographical i
union. They have been conferring
with chairmen of industrial divis
ions of the campaign and this week
statements of their program have
been mailed to all unions and busi
ness and industrial plants.
Campaign headquarters have
been opened at 216 Aquila Court, i
The telephone number is Jackson
A speakers bureau has been set
up with Seymour Smith as chair
man. Organizations desiring speak
ers should telephone or write to !
the bureau as soon as possible, j
Smith said. An 11 minute 16mm ,
1 sound movie provided by the Na
tional War Fund will be available.
Supplies at posters and literature
can be secured at campaign head- j
ents is still adamant. They are as -
determined as ever that their
children shall not return again to
the school which, unlike that old
time religion, is no longer good
enough for them. They have in
dicated that on Sunday afternoon
they are attending in force the j
New York City mass meeting, at 3 \
o’clock in the Golden Gate Ball- i
room, to tell in their own words j
just what their feelings are in the
matter. Appearing with them on ;
the mass meeting program will be j
Thurgood Marshall, NAACP At- J
tomey handling the case; Judge j
Hubert Delany. Labor Leader Mic- j
hael Quill: Minister-Editor. Conn- !
oilman Adam Clayton Powell; and
Attorney Raymond Pace Alexander
of Philadelphia,
Jackson, Miss Oct- 7 (ANP) De
feat of Mike Connor in the recent
Mississippi gubernatorial primaries
has thrown confusion in the ranks
o' the Roosevelt-brtiting demagogu
es here.
Tom Bailey, the successful can
didate. is generally regarded as t*>e
choice of the “forgotten man”
vkile Connor is looked upon as the
fair haired boy of vested interests
and special privilege. Conor’s plat
form consisted of two plank;.....
‘that man” in Washington and
[‘white supremacy.”
Atlanta, Ga.. —Mrs Sarah OUatey
Stivers who was graduated from
Tuakegee Inst it ate in 1SSC with a
B S. Degree in Music, arrives at
Spelman College here this week,
where she becomes an assistant in
the Music Department- Mrs. Stri
vers is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. H. R. Ousley, the former hav
ing been a member of the Dept,
of Mechanical Industries at Tusk
egee for the past 20 years. (Press
Photo Service.)
Instead of being fined in munic
ipal court Tuesday on a charge of
reckless driving. Herbert Patten.
31, of 2613 Binney street, was told
by Judge Perry Wheeler that he
deserved a pat on the back.
Patten told police that while
driving on Webster street '.aear
16th, he swerved to avoid hitting
Ed Bishop. 16. of 522 North 19th.
street who was riding a bicycle in
the middle of the street. He said
he lost control of the car and
struck a traffic light. The judge
freed him.
A deputy sheriff was forced to
us? his pistol as a club in subdu
ing Andrew White. 24. of 2302 N.
24th St., who allegedly was caus
ing a disturbance outside a bowl
ing alley at 24th and Lake St., last
Saturday njght
White. whose scalp was cut. was
charged with disturbing the peace
and resisting arrest.
Appointed to a liason position to
encourage the support and eooo
eration of Negroes with the pro
gram of the Office of Price Adm
inistration. Joseph C. Coles, De
troit. Michigan, began his duties
this week, the OPA has announced
Mr Coles, who 41 .has been in
the employ of the City Election
Commission in Detroit for the past
six years. He is a newspaperman
of wide experience, having beer, a
columnist for a Detroit weekly pa
per, He also played a prominent
part in the civic and public affairs
of Detroit and the state of Michi
gan for many years.
(by Walter White. Executive Secy.
Fire Prevention Week” is of
very personal significance to tha
millions of Negroes in America
who live in substandard dwellings
particularly susceptible to fires.
The NAACP registers an appeal to
Wl> ?'
m. x »vss&?
! these Negroes to observe with ail
care the precautions which the jov
' ernment will re-tmphasize for Dire
Prevention Week, and especially
caiie upon the landlords of fire
trap homes to protect with im
provements the lives of tenants
and their own property no lets
easy to replace during these times
of war priority.
GETS s83,500
Chicago, Oct. 7 fANP) Construe- j
tion of a new horn* for internes :
and resident physicians, as well as
Improvement of existing facilities,
has just been started at Proivdent
hospital through a federal gran:
of 183.500.
Dr. Homer V. Wilburn, medical
director, in making the announce- '
ment. stressed that the funds for 1
1 upkeep of the new accommoadtions 1
would have to come from the hos- j
pital itself.
The home, work on which is now [
under way, will be located on the !
northwestern corner of the Provid- I
ent property. It will be a one and j
' three quarters story structure, j
with the basement to be used for !
storage of hospital records as well
as for recreation and general stor- :
age. Occupying a space approxi- t
mately 40 by 120 feet, it will be (
completed in from four to six j
The internes now living in quar
ters in Provident will then move
into the new home after which the
present residential section will be
remodeled and altered to provide
12 additional beds for hospital pa
tients. The emergency service is
also to be remodeled and expanded
in addition to other alterations in
the hospital.
Expansion of facilities and space
is urgently needed. Dr. Wilburn
pointed out. because of the trem
endous patient load Provident is
now carrying because of the war.
The hospital is currently operating
at full capacity because of demands
created through the city’s activity
as a key industrial area.
The new home will accomodate
16 internes An addition of seven
over the number now housed In
the present quarters. This means j
that Provident will be able to give :
this kind of training to more young
medical school graduates than had
been possible in the past.
Subscribe Today!
) Los Angeles, Oct- 7 <AXP) —Be
cause a small but murderous mob
of whites brazenly admitted chas
ing a Negro shipyard worker with
toojs and clubs at Long Beach last
week, the judge presiding over his
preliminary trial for slashing ODe
of their friends, released him on
his own recognizance without hes
The intended victim of the ven
geful mob was Osborne Moore, of
Los Angeles, and the man he had
cut was a white “lead man” at the
Consolidated Shipbuilding Co.
wehre both are employed. Than
he had wielded his pocket knife
only in seif defense was brought
out at the preliminary trial by his
counsel. Crispus Wright. Wright
also succeeded in having confess
ions of his client's attackers intro
duced for the court records. Onlv
by accident was he rescued by po
lice he met while running.
According to the testimony of
Moore and eyewitnesses, he was
busily working at his job as a
“chipper", and talking ordinarily
with a fellow worker on the same
assignment. The lead man ap
proached and profanely ordered
Moore to stop talking. But upon
Moore s object in to tne man s atti
tude. fie became still more abus
ive. cursing him loudly and calling
him "nigger". Meanwhile he was
advancing upon the colored worker
in a threatening manner and as he
got within reach attacked him.
But avoiding the flailing fists a?
well as he could, Moore drew his
knife, with the results that his at
tacker was severely cut on both
arms as they met the sharp blade
It was then a dozen or more
whites rushed to the scene ar.d
fearing for his life Moore fled with
the gang of whites in close pur
suit. They had chased him for
some distance and gained oh him
when he virtually ran into the arms
of an approaching white police
man who held the mobbist3 back
until reinforcements arrived- He
was then taken to the police sta
tion and books don a charge of as
sault with a deadly weapon on the
complaint otf the lead man.
One of the mob declared in court:
Yes. I picked up a piece of two
by-four and tried to catch him so
I could hit him with it!*’ will be
acquitted when tried in October.
Feeling was tense for some time
in the shipyard and vicinity fol
lowing the near tragedy, a number
of other colored workers both men
and women being employed there
Apprehensive citizens discussed the
fact that had not the fleeing man
been rescued in time, his death O'
terrible injuries at the hands of
the whites might have resulted in
a serious race riot. Long Beach it
self has for years borne an unsav
ory reputation for race prejudice.
For Race j
Today and
in the Post
War World
CHICAGO, Oct. 8 (ACT) General
agreement that the 33rd annual
conference of the National Urban
league with its “Victory Through
Unity” theme was one of the more
succssful and effective in league
history, was registered here last
week among the 200 delegates as
they wound up their program Sun
day with a huge and colorful
“Four Freedoms Rally'’ at Orch
estra hall.
Hailed by governors and mayors ;
throughout the country, and given
an auspicious opening with a mes
sage from President Franklin D.
Roosevelt, the conference went on .
to a week of sessions in which the I
participants sought to develope a |
program whereby sound racial rel
ations might be attained in this
period of chaos .looking both to
the winning of the war and the per
iod to follow.
Contrary to custom, the result
was not a. set of resolutions, but
rather a 14 point program of spec
ific recommendations directed to
the executive heads of the cities
and states throughout the country.
I A passage from the document, out
| lined by Lester B. Granger, exe
cutive secretary of the league, and
‘'buttressed” by the findings of the
participants in the “technical” ses
sions of the conference, reads as
The National Lrban league sub
mits these recommendations as the
first steps in a practical program
i for developing interracial under
standing and cooperation. We
urge that public and private lead
ership -organize for action around
! some or all of the points while
! studying iocal communities for the
er.stence of other problems that
reauire immediate action.”
The recommendations were com
piled by a comitte^ of leaaue bran
ch officials headed by John T.
; UUrk executive secretary. Urban
j League of St. LoUi«, the high
pcints of which ere:
1. We urge that governors of
states and mayors of cities take im
mediate steps to promote interrac
ial cooperation by clearing away
larriers that now stand in the way
of mutual understanding and res
pect between the races. Wo rec
ommend the appointment of eom
| mitiees on public morale composed
| o representative citizens of both
races, and entrusted with the res
ponsibility by identifying factors
that make for interracial friction
anl takng steps to remove them.
", We urge these government
heads and their interracial comm
ittees to take advantage of the
prtsent period of intense mobility
--'.f people, occupation? and atii
3. All possible etfo't must oe
J voted to prompt^ eff-rtive 11 te
gru'.cn of Neg-i ", into the pir
emuun<ties in w’ :ch th»y ar* mor
|i C
v Municipal It ulership must
i alert against the growth of new
Nes,»-«' slum dis’rir -
5. We charge industrial manage
rrent with the duty of assisting in
the integration and protection of
those new Negro workers who
have come into war ceeters in re
; sponse to the call of the nation, a
| voiding paternalism, but maintain
ing an effective concern for the
housing, health, police protection
and recreation of its workers.
6. The spread of racial segrega
tion must be vigorously opposed by
responsible community leadership.
It is the pattern of living which
the southern enlighted leadership
has found to be socially harmful
and practically unworkable. Nor
thern citizens must not thoughtless
ly adopt a way of life which has al
ready worked unquestionable harm
to both white® and Negroes in our
southern states.
7. Negro leadership must take
the lead in developing a higher
type of social education among the
members of their race. The Ne
gro population msat accept self
discipline as one of the means of
fitting Negroes more effectively
into the life of their modern urban
environment. A careful plan and
continuous, sustained campaign of j
education in work habits, public
behavior, neighborhood relation
ships and urban living is a preas
i.nunued on page 13^ 2)
and before the war there were few
cafes that would accommodate Ne
Pictured above, reading left to
right: Earl B. Dickerson, president
Chicago Urban League: William
H. Baldwin, New fork City, presi
dent of the National Urban Lea
gue; Lester B. Granger, Executive
Secretary, National body and A.
L Foster, Executive Secretary,
Chicago Branch.
(Press Photo Service)
7/Old Originals** Ball
Club Member Dies
Would Lift
Low income
Increase Revenue
New York, N. Y.—The Congress
of Industrial Organization. Nation
al Farmers Union, Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen. National As
sociation for Advancement of Col
ored People. The League of Wom
en Shoppers, National Women’s
Trade Unions League of America
and National Lawyers Guild have
united in support of a common
Federal tax program. In a joint
statement issued, the heads of
these organizations, Philip Murray,
James G. Patton, A. F. Whitney.
William H. Hastie, Katherine Ar
mat&ge, Elizabeth Christman and
Robert W. Kenny, urged Congress
to adopt a 9 point tax program
calling !ur -
1. Increased individual in corns
tax rates on middle and higher in
comes, along with a $25,000 ceiling
on net incomes, after taxes.
2. Restoration of iaccmt tax
exemptions to $750 for single per
sons, $1,500 for married couples,
and $400 for each dependent.
3. Increased tax rates on cor
porations with incomes above $25.
000 beyond the existing 40 percent
4. All profits above 4 to 5 per
cent of invested capital to be taxed
as excess profits, wifi loopholes
5. Repeal of the “Victory’’ tax
6. Elimination of special privil
eges so as to provide for mandat
ory joint returns, the taxation -if
State and municipal securities, and
the elimination of percentage de
pletion allowances for owners of
mines and oil and gas wells.
7. Increased tax rat-s and low
er exemptions for estates and gilts.
8. Heavy excise taxes on luxur
ies and non-essentials.
S. Vigorous opposition to a gen
eral Federal sales tax.
In support oi me s point prog
ram. the joint statement declared:
• While wages have been stabilized
prices have syrocketed and busin
ess profits have soared. To saddle
upon the worker and farmer with,
small incomes, added tax burdens
is to threaten the entire home front
Workers cannot produce weapons
of war without adequate food and
shelter and clothing and other nec
essities for themselves and their
families. To impose additional
levies upon business and upon
middle and high income groups is
to recapture war profits and to out
into practice the democratic prin
ciple .of taxation according to abil
ity to pay. while at the same time
siphoning off the most dangerously
inflationary incomes.”
“Such a program.” the joint
statement said, will raise substan
tial revenues to meet the cost of
the war. Such a program is nec
essary in order to siphon off the
most dangerously inflationary in
comes. and at the same time to
prevent further inroads on the al
ready ominously low standard of
living of the men and women fight
ing the war in the factories, the
fields and tbe workshops. Such a
program .through its fairness and
its adherence to democratic tax
principles, will contribute immeas
urably to victory on the battle
fields and on the home front.”
This joint action is indicative of
the de*»-mination of labor and pro
gressive organ izatons to make
ther voice felt in Congress in the
shaping of new tax legislation.
On Sept. 39th, there passed from
our midst, one of Omaha’s most
popular ball players of the ’90s—
Dorris Lewis Thornton. His lovs
! for baseball early developed and
! he became a much sought after
and beloved fellow. He played
| first base and was a powerful bat
ter in the old Originals of Omaha
I in 1894 to 1910.
He was employed for 47 years in
1 the shipping department of the U
i S. Rubber Co., and was retired in
j 1940. His team mates constitute
I the Honorary pallbeare rs and were
Mayor Dan B. Butler, Bert Murphy
A1 Casey, C. I. Bradford, George J
Daughterty, John Minikus. Jack
Dineen. A. M. Gibson. Sam Ale
Auliffe, Geo. L. Kennedy, Harry
H. Lage, Chris A Tracy. Bud Law
ler, E. L. Lawler, H. A. Whipple,
John M. Looney. Active pallbear
ers: Chas. W. Dickerson, Thos. P.
Mahammitt, Maynard L. Wilson,
Jasper E. Brown. Henry W. Black.
Austin Bran nan Survivors are
his wife Delia, son Cornelius, dau
ghter Mrs. Ernestine Kerr and one
granddaughter and a host of rela
tives and mends.
Washington, D. C.—The NAACP
refuted this week the Associated
Negro Press release which stated
ithat the NAACP had withdrawn
from the case of Sergeant Alr.on
j Levy.
"This is incorrect in two res
; peets.” the NAACP wired to a'l
Negro weeklies read. "The NAACP
I has never formally entered the
case and could not therefore have
v- hdrawn. In fact the NAACP.
still has the case of Sgt. Levy un
der investigation."
Levy, a whtie soldier, court
martiaied and serving four months
said in letters to friends that he
was being penalized because he pro
tested the treatment of Negro so»
diers at a camp near Lincoln, Ne
I- T, PA.. OCT. 29.31
Chester County. Pa.—Mrs. El
eanor Roosevelt will address dele
gates to the N’AACP fifth annual
Student Conference here at Lin
coln University. October 29-31. Re
cently returned from a tour during
which she visited Hawaii. Austral
ia. New Zealand and Guaduacanal,
Mrs Roosevelt informed the Stu
dent Conference this week that she
would be present at the conference,
jMrs- Roosevelt will deliver the
keynote address on October 29th.
P*or its theme the Conference will
have "A Blueprint for Action".
Delegates representing a total of
more than 4,900 students Negro
| and white have already registered.
Mrs. Ruby H. Hurley, NAACP.
director of youth work, stated this
week that the conference will be
an instructional meeting to post
j students on techniques for the pro
curement of a full franchise for ihe
Negro in America, equality in edu
cation, and on the problems of or
ganized labor. A program of act
ivity for college students to carry
back to tbe schools will be form
1 ulated.