The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 02, 1943, City Edition, Image 1
_LARGEST ACCREDITED NEGRb NEWSPAPER WEST OF CHICAGO AND NORTH OF KANSAS CITY —MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED NEGRO PRESS EUnSA\\So?Ml5tSMuk^ phoneTwE. ?™ha> Nebraska Saturday, October 2. lj,4H OUR 16th YEAR-No. 34 City Edition, 5c Copy ====-- — '---1-1" --- '== - . ' ~ g Youth City Award to Lt.Col. Davis Philadelphia, Sept. 28 (ANP) You th City. Philadelphia’s replica of Fate hr Flanagan’s famed Bry’s town, has anonunced the selection of L<t. Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., as the recipient of its annual award for outstanding service. The pres entation will be made at a dinner gathering ,to which such notables as Lightweight Champion Bob Montgomeey, Cornell All American football star Jerome “Brud’’ Hol land and fleet footed Jesse Owens have been invited. The juvenile organization, the onl yfertile spot in a North Philadel phia section where 60,000 Negrota have little o rno proper recreation al facilities .has made two previous awards in 1941 an dl942. The first person to be thus honored was Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune; the second was Mrs. Franklin Delano Roose velt. The President’s wife, during her appearance here last year to receive the award, made an extem poraneous visit to one of the color ed families housed in the Richard Allen housing project. Youth city pleaded its cause l'or existence last Sunday with a spec tacular street parade. The teen age boys and girls with their young er companions carried huge ban- j tiers and signs on which were print ed slogans deploring the possible demise of the miniature city. The | management headed by Samuel | Evans, founder and backbone of the youth project, has learned of a church organization’s effort to ! secure the building headquarters for its own Use. Youth city beiiev • s and attempts to prove that it thwarts the potential crimina's that may be nested among its mem bers and in the vicinity it serves. Should its present stronghold be taken awya with no equal replace ment in sight, it is felt the good which has been done by its main tenance will be of little value as fur as future accomplishment is concerned, TO INDEPENDENT PRESS Ted Tates .director of TYP News Syndicate, who for the past four years has been identified with a score of Negro weeklies as col umnist, N. Y. eorrespendent ar.d feature writer, leaning strictly on the amusement side—last week re signed his post to take over luties at Independent Press Service. MISS. FEDERAL COURT FINDS WHITE MAN GUILTY ON PEONAGE CHARGES Meridan, Miss., Sept. 26 (ANP)— A federal court here Tuesday found Donald Castle, white Toom suba sawmill operator, guilty of peonage. Judge Sidney Mize will sentence Castle next Monday. The charge against Castle was the result of an investigation bv FBI agents. Castle is charged with keeping Rossv Wyse, Laud erdale county Negro, in a “virtual state of slavery.” The declaration filed in court al so stated that Castle had tied Wyse to a bed at night with a log chain about his neck and that the man was forced to perform labor invol untarily in repayment of a debt due Castle. ARMY LOWERS LITERACY STANDARD Washington, Sept. 26 (ANP) Il literacy is not going to be the drawback to army service it had been for thousands of Negro youth, it was indicated in testimony be fore the senate military commit tee recently. t 1 Maj. Gen. Millard G. White, as sistant chief of staff in charge of personnel, said that the army is screening out only those who fail to pass the simplest form of intel ligence test. Later In the day, Capt. Henry R Thompson of the adjutant general’s department, who handles such mat ters, gave the committee a few examples of the tests given. He described an acceptable illiterate inductee as a man who could add 5 and 3, 8 and 3 or tell in what di rection an arrow is pointing. He must be able to answer 7 out of 17 questions. . “For instance,” Thompson re laetd. “the prospective inductees are shown five pictures, four con taining circles, one a square. They are asked to cross out the picture that is different from the rest. The same kind of test is given with four vessels containing water, one containing clothespins.” Force Soldier'Patients Into Filthy Day-Coach SEGREGATE THEM AT MILITARY HOSPITAL AS CITIZENS KICK Tuscaloosa Ala., Set. 28 (ANP)— The Northington General Military Hospital here last week yielded to pressure from irate white citizens and instituted a system of Jim c:ow among its soldier patient3. Victims of this practice are 30 sol diers recently arrived from the sta ticn bosnital at Fort McClelland, i Aia. Specifically the charges are that N'egro patients have been: 1. Piled into separate wards; 2. Denied use of latrines used by the whites; 3. Roped off, animal fash ion, in mess halls; 4. Bared from the P. X. (post exchange) except for a brief hour during the day. "When the soldiers first arrived here they were accommodated without segregation, but immed iately towns people began nasty rautterings and army authorities v »A u ktmr ff 111 f t r succumbed to their demands. Negro army personnel also com plained that while board the train enroute here from Fort McClelland they were herded into the lOoty, dingy, squeaky, day coach but that white patients were allowed to ' travel in comfortable Pullman coaches. The treatment accorded . * r ^ a the soldiers at Northington is sim i iiar to that at the station hospital at For McClelland where they are segregated in wards, and denied joint accommodations in the board meetings. Red Cross recreation, center and mess halls, according to eye witnesses. Wasteful Spendirf As the days grow shorter the faces of many of us grow longer The cause for this is easy to ex plain. We have been spendthrifts. We have wasted the greater part of the money we earned the sum mer just past. Many of us still have empty coal bins, and that with winter just ov er the hill. Others of us still are in need of warmer clothing and other things necessary if we are in weather the winter in comfoit. » After so many of us experienced such a hard time trying to make • nds meet with the pitifully inade quate salaries we earned working ’ on the WPA. before oUr country's entrance into the war, it would seem that when we got another dance to command better talar les we would spend it wisely. And some of us do_..but they are in the minority. it is not good that wt are so iox in money matters. It is really re grettable. An dno until we have more respect for it can we hope for economical progress of any importance. For it requires ca-e ful and wise handling of one's earn ings to acquire economic efficiency. It cannot be acquired in any oth er way. Even when we take into consid eration the rise in living eosts there should still be enough left out of our earnings for laying a slde a little nest egg for combat ing the days of depression that al ways follow war. And there is time enough yet for us if we start NOW! For the war is just coming to the point where it CAN >2 won _ but not by any means near com clusion. it is quite likely there will be several years moer of unusual good salaries from which something can be laid aside for the sure to come days of depression. And there is no better way, and certainly no surer way, than by putting as much of our earnings as possible into War Bonds and Stamps. WILKINSON WOULD GO TO DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION Birmingham, Sept. 28 CANP) - Judge Horace C. Wilkinson, who was in the national spotlight about a year ago because of his efforts to organize a ''League for the Pres ervation of White Supremacy,” is planning to run for delegate at large from Alabama to the nation- j al Democratic convention, it was announced here Wednesday. Wilkinson plans to base his cam paign on a platform Of ‘“anti-bur eaUeracy, racial segregation and ' local self government.” After a political setback in 1938, Judge Wil -kinson had said previously that he was “through with politics.’’ Speaking before the Bessemer Kiwanis club about a year ago. Judge Wilkinson vigorously at tacked the NAACP and the Ncg-o and liberal press, calling on bis hearers t° form the “League for the Preservation of White Sup rcmacy” as a counter mvoiment. He described the league as an or ganization that would be less clum yy than the Ku Klux Klan. s> Negro Troops Ready for Combat on 3 Fronts (BY ERNEST E. JOHNSON) (5 WASHINGTON, Sept. 28 (ANP) invasions having been laid down by President Roosevelt in his message to congress of two weeks ago, re porting on his conferences with Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Negro troops find themselves perch ed for action on at least three im portant fronts eagerly awaiting the signal. “Actually we cannot think of this as several wars,” he wrote the legislators. “It is all one war, and it must be governed by one basic strategy.” The blueprint that came out ck the Roosevelt-Churchill talks was given to the congress in these words by the President: “First: “despite our substantial victories in the Mediterranean, we face a hard and costly fight up through Italy—and a major job of organizing our positions before we can take advantage of them.” Seasoned Negro veterans from the North African campaign are now busily reconstructing bridges, rebuilding roads, repairing harbor and other landing installations, and laying out airfields so that the allied machine might continue its march through Italy, just as they did for the Sicilian invasion. “Second: From bases in the Brit | ish Isles we must be sure that we have assembled the strength to strike not just in one direction but in mayn directions—by land and sea and in the air—with overwhelm ing forces and equipment." For nearly two years now Negro engineers have been bivouacked in various parts of the United King dom awaiting the day when the big push would come, whether it be across the channel or through Norway or directly to the heart of Germany. “Third: Although our Russian al lies have made a magnificent coun ter-offensive .and are driving oi*r common enemies baca day by day, the Russian armies still have far to go before they get into Germary itself.’’ Negro transport troops are busy in Iran delivering the goods and materials of war that are making J possible the great offensive the | Russians are carrying on. “Fourth: The Japanese hold firm ly established positions on an en- i ormous front from the Juriles thru the mandated islands to the Solo mon sand through he Netherlands East Indies to Malaysia and Bur- i ma and China. To break through this defensive ring we must hit them and hit them hard not mere ly at one poin but at many points, and we mus keep on ihtting them. At this moment Negro engineers some coast artillery and anti-air craft and some infantrymen are fighting under Gen. Douglas Mc Arthur in the New Guinea area an dothers are operating in the Solomon sgroup under Adm. Hal sey. They are ready to move up : to the great Japanese base at Ra baul and onto the other islands of the Neehrlands. In Ausralia, oth er Negro troops are ready to take thier crack at the enemy. In India Negro troops have been readied to make their cotnribution to the drive through Burma that will give access o an important sup ply route to China which ultim ately will cause the throw-back of the Japanese hordes that have long occupied hat valiant nation. To cap this off a Negro division is ready to assist lu the assarlt in the Southwest T-.^atre of Operat ions. another Is being primed at Fort Huachuca to ake its p'aoe in one of the important theatres. These all are flghtmg men looking for the fight to wh ch the Presid ent has pointed. Chicagoan Drops Suit To Claim $7,413,286 Fortune Tulsa, Okla, Sept. 28 (ANP) —A motion was on file in the U. S District court here last week ask ing for dismissal of the suit insti tuted by Columbus Bell Stevens *.f Chicago t owin custody of the J7, 413,286 oil fortune of the late Lete Kelvin ,an illiterate Creek Indian woman. Stevens had claimed to be the Indian woman's only “.ion an dsole heir.” Under a compromise decision made in the estate fight which lias been in the Oklahoma cou’-fs since 1931, one-half of the estate wns a warded to Floyd and Willie May weather, Kansa siCty, Kansas, iirc thers employed in a packing plant. The other half went to Miss Izora Alexander Lee of Claremorfe, Okla.. a half sister of Miss Kelvin, and ir other collateral heirs. The M iy weathers are nephews of the Ind ian woman’s husband, Joe Stevens. [-a CAMP STEWART PIN-UP GIRL OMAHA’s OWN I II—** ANNA MAE WINBURN Camp Stewart, Ga.,—Pretty Anna Mae Winburn Omaha’s own well known musician and entertainer, NPC Employees File Referendum Petition With City Council A referendum petition contain ing 26,126 names of Omaha citiz ens was filed with the city council today by representatives of Nebr aska Power Company employees. The petition calls upon the Coun cil to suspend its recent resolution in forming a public power comm ission and then to repeal it or re fer the power controversy to the voters of the city. Martin W. Nel son, president of Local Union. B 763, Brotherhood of Electri-al Workers, and Edward A. Hofmann, president of the Independent Em ployees' Association of the Nebr aska Power Company, who made the resentation of the petition, al so submitted a joint statement de claring that the resolution passed i by the Council “is legslative in character, and, notwithstanding its form as a resolution, actually constituting an ordinance in fact and substance.” The two employee representativ es also pointed out that the acquir ing of more than 26,000 signatures in only five days’ time “demonstra tes the considered will of at ieast a large segment of the voters that the resolution be repealed.” Bound in sesvn volumes and composed of several folies, the pe tition’s 26,125 signatures are more than six times the number requir and now the directress of the In ternational Sweethearts of Rhythm all-girl-found was chosen pin-up girl for Camp Stewart's fighting unit by Pfc. Allen L. Herndon (Chicago) who headed the committee. Miss Winburn and her band played to a jammed house in the Windy City recently and is scheduled for Okla homa City, Okla., Oct. 1, Lawton, Oklahoma, Oct. 2 and Wichita, Kan Eas Oct. 3. ed for a reconsideration of the res olution, and after much reconsid eration, to bring about a repeal of it or a presentation to the people at an election. Iroquois Lodge Drive Nets $1,800 in Bonds Approximately $1,800 in war bonds was sold Sunday afternom at a rally of Iroquois lodge, No. 92 Elks club. The rally brought tlie club’s total bond sales to $4,225 in the last week. A committee has been appointed to continue sales through the drive Charles Harding .publicity manag er of the war finance committee, spoke at Sunday’s meeting. Worth of GoodReadin’ _ Soldiers and Roland Hayes Appear in Concert with London Symphony The ears of the world were turn ed towards London's famous Rcyal Albert Hall on September 28 and 29. when the voices of some 200 Ameircan Negro soldiers filled the air in the first concert of its kind ever presented in the British Em Kpire. Pictured at rehearsal" here are members of Engineer aviation units in England who made up the choir. In center picture. First Sergeant Alexander B. Jordan, St Paul, Minnesota, directs the choiri, during rehearsal held in one of the N'issen hut theatres in 1 urnl England. Featuring “Ballad for Americans” the concert sponsored by Lord Beaverbrook’s “Daily E. - press, ' also featured Roland Hayes the distinguished American tenor. The event was broadcast by com panies in Great Britain and Amer ica. Sec’y. Stimson Asks Quick Action on Colman Case Washington. Sent. 21 (AN'P) Sec. of War Stimson told hie press rad io conference Thursday that he has asked that the record in the case of Lt. Col. William T. Cobnan, court-martialed commander of Sel fridge field, Mich., be “expediated”. “Our system of court martial pro cedure and military jurisdiction is that the record in each general court martial trial is reviewed first by the authority that appointed the court, which in this case was the commanding general of the first air force,’’ Stimson declared. “Finally it is reviewed in Wasn ington in the office of the Judge advocate general of the war de partment “That record has not reached here yet, but I am taking steps to expediate in this case.” Both Reps. O'Toole and Shafer have been prodding the war depart ment through threats of a congress ional investigation to determine why a stiffer penalty had not been handed to Colman other than de moting him to a captaincy.