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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1943)
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HEW TO THEUNE
LARGEST ACCREDITED NEGRO NEWSPAPER WEST OF CHICAGO AND NORTH OF K ANSAS CITY —MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED NEGRO PRES*
N,bt,sk* Saturday, June 26. 1943 OUR 16th YEAR-No. 20 City Edition, oc Copy
Sengestacke, Head of Negro PubL’s Assn Asks
Presidential Action to End Racial Disharmony
Fascist elements in our country by urging dis
crimination and encouraging prejudices are inspir
ing racial clashes and riots throughout the country.
We cannot readily throw our full resources into
the fight against the enemies of democracy abroad if
internal strife is constantly provoked by native fas
We urge you as Commander in Chief to take immediate steps to end the
activities of those who encourage and promote racial prejudice, and to halt
the spread of racial clashes.
W e urge you to call the attention of all Americans through the radio and
the press to the unpatriotic activities of those who subvert the constitutional
guarantee of equal opportunity for all.
W e urge you to instruct the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the
Xavy to issue an order forbidding soldiers and sailors frm interfering with
the civilian population.
We urge you to immediately appoint a commission to study these dis
W e urge you to instruct the Justice Department to investigate the sourc
es of these disorders._JOHN H, SENGESTACKE_
Blame for Recent Race Clashes Laid to Axis Activities
$1,000,000 Granted Wilberforce U.
• Os ¥ torTOT t DDDADDY i TTAV
Cloma Scott to Head OES,
AHA TO BE SCENE OF i
> CT TEAR'S SESSION
Amaranthus Grand Chapter
Orde- of the Eastern Star of Ne
bra 1 and its jurisdiction closed
theii 22nd Annual Session Thurs
day. June l"th at the Masonic hall,
26th and Blondo Sts.
The following officers were elect
ed for the ensunig year: Mrs. Cloma
H. Scott. Worthy Grand Matron:
Mr. Russell E. Reese. Worthy
Grand Patron: Mrs. Mayme Hoch
ins. Lincoln. Nebraska, Worthy
Associate Grand Matron; Dr. D.
W. Gooden, Associate Grand Pat
ron; Mrs. Pearl Fletcher, Grand
Conductress; Mrs. Edith Wheatley.
Associate Grand Conductress: Mrs.
Josie Moore, Grand Secretary; Mrs
Margaret Moore. Grand Treasurer;
Mrs. Lydia Wilson. Grand Chaplain;
Mrs. Neola P^sibs. Grand Warden;
Mr. A. B. WpNSter. Grand Sentinel;
Mrs. I. S. McPherson. Grand Mar
shall: Mrs. Blanche Moore. Grand
Lecturer; Mrs. Ada Woodson.
Grand Organist; Mrs. Hattie Pettis,
Grand C. C. & F. C.; Mrs. Viney
u alker. Grand Trustee: Arts and
Crafts Mrs! Iff.' B. Gooden: Mem
bers elected on the Grand Points
are: Adah. Mrs. Cora Thomas. Lin
coln, Nebraska;. Ruth. Mrs. E. Giv
ens, Council Bluffs, Iowa; Esther,
Mrs. Goldie Downing: Martha. Mrs.
Ruby B. Reese: Electa, Mrs. M. B.
Carter: Mrs. Pearl Brummell was
appointed chairman of the Ways
and Means committee. Members
appointed to the jurisprudence com
mittee were: Mrs. Mable Galbreath.
Lincoln. Nebraska: Mrs. Nettie
Fredericks. Mrs. Hazel Lewis. Mrs.
Maggie Ransom. Mrs. Lillian Trim,
sey, Mr. Wendell Thomas and Mr.
The session just closed was one
of the most successful the Grand
Chapter has enjoyed for some time.
Over three hundred were in attend
ance during the two day session,
and it was voted to hold the next
Grand Chapter in Omaha, in 1944.
Not so lucky But will*Play ‘Dreamland
(Positively will be Here Next Tuesday, see page 4)
STABBED BY WOMAN COMPANION OF AN INK SPOT’
Durham. X. C., June 19 AXP)—
Allegedly stabbed by a woman com
panion of a member of the Ink
Spots. America’s foremost quarter.
Lucky Millinder. famed orchestra
leader, was last Monday night in a
serious condition. The injury
struck an artery in the right leg.
Millinder and the Ink Spots were
here on a double bill dance engage
ment. The bandleader is under the
constant care of a physician.
The conflict is said to have aris
en over rooming accommodations
at a local hotel caused by a protesi
entered by the Ink Spots who wish
ed rooms reserved for other mem
bers of the band.
SELECT BISHOP JOHN A. GREGG TO TOUR WAR FRONTS
Following a conference with President Roose
velt in the White House Tuesday, June 15, eight
prominent clergymen announced that Bishop John.
A. Gregg of the African Methodist Episcopal church
has been selected to represent the Fraternal Council
of Negro Churches in America on a tour of training
camps and various war front where Negro troops
ar stationed. Bishop Gregg resides in Kansas Citr.
The delegation said that during the 30 minute
interview, the President discussed with them the
progress of military action and also the problems of
1 e. eful adjustment in the post-war world. Bishop
Wright stated that the Fraternal Council of Negro
Churches represented 40.000 churches and 6,000.000
communicants. Members of the committee refused
to uistuss in detail the problems tht.v took up with
uhe President but all expressed themselves as being
pleased with thr president’s attitude on the problem^
they discussed. Pictured above reading left to right
are: Bishop C. L. Russell, Colored ME. Church,
Washington. D. C-: Bishop W. J. Walls. African ME.
Zionist. Chicago: Bishop R. R. Wright. Jr., African
ME. Wilberforce. Ohio: Bishop J- A. Bray, Presid
ent of colored ME. Church. Chicago: Rev. W. H.
Harrison Baptist Sunday School and Training Union
Washington. DC.: Bishop L. H. King. Atlanta. Ga„
Methodist Church aqd Bishop E. H. Simms. African
M. E. Philadelphia. (Official OWI Photo by Ann Ros
Mt. Moriah To Move
Climaxes Long, Hard Financial
Building Battle By Members jRev.
Jones, and Rev. David St. Clair
Rev. St, Clair Raises
$8,000 In Year's Time
The Mount Moriah Baptist church
24th and Ohio St., of which Rev.
David St. Clair is pastor, will have
their grand opening cn July 4th,
1943 at 10:30 a. m. The procession
of members and friends will march,
into the new beautiful auditorium,
which was completed in 8 months,
on the “pay as you go” plan. A
big mass meeting will be held at
3 p.m. Everybody is invited t
join the procession. Come or
time and let us have a great time
giving honor to Our Lord and
® LARGEST APPROPRIATION
IN HISTORY PERMITS
EXPANSION OF UNI.
Wilberforce, Chic... .The Ohro
State Legislature set a new prece
dent by granting the million dollar
, appropriation for the 1943-44 bien
nium sought by Wilberforce Uni
versity, the oldest continuously
operated institution of higher edu
cation for Negroes.
$256,000 of this appropriation is
j earmarked as post war expendit
ure for the construction of a sci
ence building; $105,000 will be used
for armory and addition to the
gymnasium; $36,000 for a new wat
er and sewerage system; and $10,
j CIO as adidtional allotment to the
Library. The remaining amount
; (Continued on pagejc^=4)
Swung into marching line by the
Parade Marshall. H. J. Johnson,
the IBPOE. of W, led by their
Grand Exalted Ruler, Charles F.
Davis, and followed by the various
auxiliaries, marching clubs, drum
corps, band and nurses’ unit, the
Elks starting from their Home
Lodge Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p,
m. proceeded to march in their
colorful style to 25th and Hamilton
St, to hear their Annual Elks Ser
Cite 2 for
Mobile Hdq. 3rd Army, Some
where in LA., June 18 ANP) Hero
ism of two Negro soldiers during
the difficult 3rd army maneuvers
was rewarded Sunday as their
commanding general pinned Sold- |
iers medals on their breasts.
The colorful ceremony highlight- i
ed events at a track and field meet
staged by thousands of Negro
troops at the conclusion of their
■trenuous maneuver training.
Brigadier General Raymond G. i
Lehman presented the Soldier's j
ledals to Sgt. Hannibal Moo ye of !
Lon Branch ,N. J., and Pvt. Henry
Jackson of Birmingham before an
honor guard of maneuver-toughen
General orders citation the men
for heroism were read by Stanley
M. Prouty .chief of staff of the div- j
Sgt. Moore’s citation follows:
-on the morning of May 29, 1943
he so conducted himself by his pres
ence of mind and utter disregard ,
for personal safety, saved the life j
of an officer and prevented dam- |
age to a government vehicle. The
officer in command of a river cross
ing detail near Evans, La., had
been across the river in an amphi
bus jeep. During the return trip
the vehicle was grounded on a sand
j bar, and the officer having become
' exhausted attempting to salvage
it, was caught in swift current
near the shore and went down. Sgt !
Moore dived into the river, rescued
the officer and continued the sal
vage operation in such a manner
jto Wed ‘Tiny’ Bradshaw? I
WINTFRE DCHRISTIE is busy these days answering hundreds of
calls resulting from a rumor in Chicago to the effect that she is engag
ed to and will soon wed tha nationally known “Jersey Bouncing” Tiny
Bradshaw. “Winnie” told newspapermen this week that there was a
possibility of it happening, but she
would rather have it treated as a
rumor just now. xThe two have
been “romancing" for many mon
ths in bright spots and green parks
around town. Bradshaw’s band is
currently appearing at the Rhum
boogie Cafe here and “Winnie”
was a former dansuese at the Pan
ther Room at which time she won
and wed Herbie Jeft'ries of ‘‘Flam
ingo” fame. (PPS., Inc.)
-j- j-X.___I_ -'.M ^
Lt. Ruth Freeman. Recruiting
Officer for the Chicago Negro area
of the sixth Service Command, left
Chicago this week for Fort Des
Tin i dRAuShaw
Moines. Iowa, where she will re
’>■ t for active duty. Lt. Freemen
was stationed at 4703 South Park
way in the Walker College, where
she recruited hundreds of lasses
fer WAAC service. The War De
partment in Washington. D. C. a>
ruptly halted her activities here,
closing the station and said that
all colored WAAC officers were
needed more at present for press
ing business at Fort DesMoines
than for the recruitment service.
(Press Photo Service, Inc.)
as to retrieve the vehicle without
damage to it."
Pvt. Jackson was cited as follows:
*— .as a member of an automot
ive evacuation squad on the night
of April 29. 1943, so conducted him.
self near Rebeline, La., by his pres
ence of mind and disregard for his
personal safety that he prevented
the loss of another soldier’s life
and damage to government prop
erty. A government vehicle hav
Riots Call For Action
On Anti-Lynch Bill,
Xew York.... The rising surge of
bloody and violent mob movements
ranging from Los Angeles to Phil
adelphia and Detroit to Beaumoat,
Texas, caused the XAACP this
week to call again upon Congress
men to sign the discharge petition
that will rescue from committee
the Gavagan Anti-Lynch Bill, HR.
The XAACP warned that the
tragic growth of mob violence
which threatens to become nation
-wide will inevitably seriously ham
per successful prosecution of the
war. The rioting in connection
with the Packard Upgrading of qual
ified Negroes, the outbursts against
zoot suiters which has been shown
to be directed almost exclusively
against persons of dark skin, and
the clashes in the Mobile shipyards
are tragic examples gf a dangerous
situation which can be eheced only
by the strong arm of the Federal
Government, the XAACP contend
“The loss of two lives ahd great
property damage at Beaumont, j
Texas, the loss of 23 lives at Dfc- I
troit_.was charged to subversive!
forces among whites and white J
shipbuilders who deliberately pro-!
' oked the riots to prevent Negroes
from helping to produce the goods
which are necessary to win the
The riot in Beaumont was incited
~by report of ‘ criminal attack” by a
Negro upon a white woman, an at
tack which medical examination
proved to be unfounded.
To the congressmen the lynching
of Cellon Harrison on June 16 at
Marianna. Florida. was recited.
Harrison’s conviction had twice
been reversed by the Florida courts
and NAACP counsel was planning
for attempts at a third reversal
j even while Harrison was lynched.
Sixteen months after the murder
| of Johnnie Mayo on February 5,
[ 1940, Harrison was arrested, con
j victfd and sentenced to the elec
tric chair. The Supreme Court of
Florida reversed the conviction.
Harrison was again tried, and a
gain convicted and sentenced to
[the electric chair. The conviction
j was affirmed by a vote of 4 to 3
by the Supreme Court of Florida.
Clyde W. Atkinson. Tallahassee
Attorney, asked the Supreme Court
| to again hear the case, and after
! reargument the Court voted 4 to
12 to reverse the conviction.
Several days after Harrison was
released, another grand jury m
Jackson County again indicted hka
for the same offense and he was
in jail at Marianna for trial which
'was supposed to begin on June 21
when the Marianna mob took him
out of jail and killed him.
NAACP attorneys point out that
the authorities and mob in Florida
(continued on Page2gp*2)
Medical Report ‘Doubts’
Rape Story Launching
C ITY OFFICIALS BLAME AXIS
AS PROBE STARTS; INTER
RACIAL VIOLENCE FLARES
BEAUMONT. Texas, June 18
ANP)._A story by a white moth
er that she had been raped by a
Negro to whom she had given work
was probably false, city officials
opined Thursday following two days
of wild race rioting and the looting
and burning of Negro stores and
homes by white hoodlums during
which at least two persons were
killed and scores injured.
Blame for the violence, part of
a w'ave of anti-minority terrorism
resulting in the California zoot
suit riots against Negroes and Mex
icans and clashes between while
and colored in Mobile and Detroit,
and a lynching in Florida, was laid
openly at the door of axis activit
City Attorney Albert Tatum said
a physician's examination of the
white rape ‘ victim,” wife of a war
Pittat worker, cast "extreme doubt ’
on her story. She had told police
that her assailant came to her with
a story of how he had been reject
ed by the army and was without
money. During the afternoon, af
ter she had put her three children
to bed for their naps, he entered
the house and assaulted her, she
Police chief Ross Dickey declar
ed there have been rumors of fifth
column activity here and asserted
“we have been checking up on
Beaumont is the same city where
a week before a mob seeking to
lynch a dying Xeg.M was dispersed
b« cause “it lacked leadership.-’
The intended victim was a youth
who assaouited a wire girl to keep
from going to the army and who
was hsot by police the girl led back
!•> the site of the raping.
A closed court of inquiry was
called last week to probe the riots
and w'eigh the case of 17 prison
ers. Sixteen were freed and the
other turned over to the city auth
orities. Draft officials sat with the
court to determine whether the
draft deferments of 300 men report
edly held should be cancelled.
Col. Sidney C. Mason, in comm
and of 1,400 state troops gent here
to enforce martial law, declared the
N'egro section was “literally stomp
ed into the ground” and that “from
a destructive standpoint it equals
the Meuse-Argonne sector of the
first world war.”
Bus transportation was resumed
late last week in this city of 100.
000 persons and most retail estab
lishments were reopened for busi
ness after closing during hotilities
because of lack of help when XegTp
es were ordered off the streets and
to keep crowds from congregating,
fcontinued on page 3)
! inog overturned and thereby set a
Ifire, pinning the driver beneath.
| Pvt. Jackson extinguished the fire
an d rescued the trapped driver
who was injured and in great dan
ger of his life.”
Will GOP. Accept Solid South Renegades?
" A^HINGTOX. June 22 (AXP)—
Is the Republican party going to
accept the renegades and ‘'carpet
baggers” who are running from
the Democratic party because of
their grudge against Roosevelt? it
j looks as if the Republicans are
going to have to accept these
Roosevelt haters since it is a fore
gone conclusion that the President
is going to run for a fourth term.
Feeling that the Roosevelts, both
FDR and Eleanor, have done too
j much for the Xegro in the United
States, the hard shelled southern
Democrats are readying an exodus
from the party which has nurtured
them and kept them in their ignor
ant arrogance through the past 12
years, just because they can't stem
ach Roosevelt’s sometime liberal
And their only hope is to blast
Roosevelt out of the White House
by joining up with the Republic .
Of course, the Republicans, hungry
after 12 lean years will welcome all
the help they can get to win this
election, but if the party accepts
the aid of the renegades who are
deserting the Democratic party,
the Republicans will give thmsei
vee a black eye which will not be
easy to overcome. They won't be
(continued . . pag* 21
Gertrude Peebles to Ft. Bragg As Waac Commander
Tort Des Moines, la.. June 19..
Second Officer (First Lieutenant
Gertrude Jacqueline Peebles. 3:H>6
North 25th St.. Omaha. Nebraska,
has been assigned to duty as Com
pany Commander of a Negro WA
, AC Company at Fort Bragg. NC.
Second Officer Peebles was for
merly Company Commander of a
ccmpany of Negro WAACs in Basic j
Training at First WAAC Training
Center. Fort Des Moines. Ia. Be
fore her assignment to company
work she was a WAAC Recruiting
Officer in the Sixth Service Com
mand. which has headquarters in
One of the 36 Xegro members of
C'e First Officer Candidate Class,
•econd Officer Peebles was grad
uated and commissioned a Third
r fficer (Second Lieutenant) at Fort
Des Moines on August 29, 1942.
She was promoted to the rank of
Second Officer in December.
Second Officer Peebles’ husband.
, William Peebles, is also in service.
| He is a Second Lieutenant in the
Before her enrollment in the Wo
men s Army Auxiliary Corps, Sec
ond Officer Peebles was an X-ray
technician. She is the daughter of
Mrs. Helen Mabson of Rosewood
Park. Austin, Texas.
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