The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, September 26, 1942, City Edition, Image 1

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    HEW TO THEUNg
IARGEST ACCREDITED NEGRO NEWSPAPER WEST OF CHICAGO AND NORTH OF KANSAS CITY —MEMRER OF THE ASSOCIATED NEGRO PRESS
■Under Act of March 8, 1874—Business PWie^WE. ?5ivha’ Nebraska Saturday, Sept 26, 1942 Our 15th Year, No. 33 City Edition, 5c Copy
“If You Can’t Go — GIVE”
if you camV co
GIVE
MS'MMtA»«l«»fT* tvni MfNM
HELP YOURSELF BY HELPIN'*"
THE U S. WAR AND COM
MUNITY FI ND CAMPAIGN
WAKE UP MID-CITY—LET
US GO OVER THE TOP.
A nimportant part in the Uni
War and Community Fund Camp
aign to raise $800,090 from Octobe" j
3 9 to 29 will be taken by Division
H. of which Mrs. Walter Ervin is
chairman. Mrs. Ervin is shown
here discussing the official camp
aign poster with Mrs. W. J. Mo
Martin, the general chairman Of all
residential district divisions. Ben
fit'ing from the d-ive will be the
Urban League. th> Colored Old
Folks Home. North Sde branch of
the YWCA., and Woodson Center
in South Omaha. In addition to
these Omaha Community CheBt ag
encies, the fund will be allocated to
war service groups se-ving th
armed forces, and to relief agencies
helping civilian victims in our alli
ed nations,
Mrs. Ervjn, formerly the execu*
iv- of North Sid* Branch of the
YWCA., recently returned to Oma
ha from New York where she serv
ed On the national board of the YW ,
supervising its work with Negroes
over the nation.
Speakers are available to explain
facts about the drive at meetings of
civic and private organizations. Tel
ephone Speakers Bureau, JA. 8232.
LITTLE ROCK TEACHERS CASE
MAY BE HEARD BEFORE JURY
Little Rock, Ark.First open |
trial in a suit to equalize teache's’
salaries since the famous Norfolk,
Va.. teachers salary ca e. will p-oo
ably be held here soon, according
to Thurgood Marshall, NAACP spec
ial counsel, in this city last week to
confer with attorneys for the scho il
board and with the Negro teachers'
association.
The case will be tried on its isst
es. and Mr. Marshall stated that the
school board's lawyers have agreed
to waive rules fir taking deposit
ion. thereby making possible sp. en
action in the suit.
The Little Rock school board hr s
consistently resisted efforts hy the
teachers to obtain equalization, a. :•
wering the first petition filed by the [
Negro teachers for equalization by .
distributing some extra funds on an
unequal basis, making the differ
ential even greater.
The ieaciieti. came back jsjib
suit filed in Feb-uary of this year.
Again the school board attempted
to scotch equalization with a mot
ion to dismiss which was heard on
May 20 and which was not upheld.
In this latest action, the issues
will be brought into the open. Mr.
Marhhall. who with Attorney Sclp
jo A. Jones, is handling the case for
the teachers, States that after rec
ords have been checked, the teach
e-s will be ready to go to trial.
*
LEGAL REDRESS FOR BAPTIST
MINISTERS MAPPED BY XAACP
LEGAL COMMITTEE
New* York......Plans for legal re
dress for assaults on the Reverends
J. C. Jackson. Hartford, Conn., and
S. A. Young. Washington, D C. who
were attacked and beaten by white
passengers in a Memphis bound
train. September 8, will be mapped
at a special meeting of the XAACP
national legal committee in tue
Washington Bureau of the Associat
ion this week.
The Association has announced
that it w ill throw every bit of its
machinery behind the ministers to
bring their assailants to justice
Reverends Johnson and Young
with Walter White. XAACP exe
cutive secretary, went to Washing
ton, Monday, September 21. to con
fer with F. S. Attorney , General
Francis Biddle, although it was
stated that there is considerable
question as to whether a federal
law was violated in the attack.
The XAACP national office assert
el that both the attorney gene-il
and the civil liberties division of
the Department of Justice, headed
by Victor Rotnem. are concerned a
bout the over-all picture of violence
against minority and particularly
against Negroes in the South.
' If attacks on two distinguished
clergymen can go unpunished," Wa[
ter White stated, “then no Negro
is safe in the South."
Governor Robert A. Hurley of
Connecticut. Reverend Johnson's
home state, has plelged his help to
the ease and hts made a contriou
tion to the prosecution fund.
NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR
TO OFFICIATE AT NEGRO
COLLEGE
Durham. N. C.. S-pt. 24 (ANP) —
GOv. J. M. Broughton, of No-t'
Carolina will officiate Sunday at t’’1'
first off’C’C.’ vesper serv’ces of t’ e
new school year at North Carolina !
College for Negroes The institu
tion open?d Monday with a heavy
enrollment which indcated that dcs
pite the demands made upon yo me- j
Negro men in the state by the draft
last year’s regular enrollment
784 "u-^ents might b exceeded. The
gov"rno~. who has visited the in-t’
tutioi on several occasions, has
shrwn deep interest in Negro edu
cation.
President James E. Shepard, who
has headed the institution sine? its
founding in 1910, called attention to
the fact that the North Carolina
College for Negroes is the only tax
Supported college of liberal arts es
tablished in the entire south. It
is, therefore, the logical place for
graduate work to develope insofar
as this state and region are con
cerned.
“North Carolina", said Dr.j Shep
ard, "has made every effort to carry
out the Spirit and interpretation of
the directions of the United States
Supreme court in the Gaines decis
ion. which reads: ‘‘That Negroes
shall have the same educational fac
ilities as those of the white people."
This has bee nmade possible here
through the close cooperation of
Duke university and the University
if North Carolina, both located ad
jacent to our institution." ‘
Faculties of both neighboring
universities are represented upon
the staff of the colored college and
faculty members of the white ins‘i
tutions direct graduate courses and
in law. Dr. R. L. Flowers, presid
ent of Duke university, is chairman
of the board of trustees at Dr
Shepard’s institution. Dr. Shepard
is vitally interested in the cultural,
religious, and civic interests of the
community, state and nation as
well as in his educational work.
It is the recognition which has
come to him nationally and with
out seeking on his part, which at
tracts attention to his utterances
upon public questions.
i
WOMAN CONGRESSMAN AIDS
1*01-E TAX MEASURE
Washington. Sept. 22 (AXP) The
opportunity to vote upon the Pep
per-Geyer anti-poll tax bill drawr.
nearer and nearer as one more and
then another congressman sjgn the
petition to discharge the bill which
has been held up in committee.
The latest to sign the petition is
Congressman Frances P. Bolton,
noted philanthropist and friend of
the Negro from Cleveland. Mrs.
Bolton, who has always refrained
from sgnng petitions for withdraw
al, broke her rule for the first time
because she felt that injustices
Were being perpetrated upon Negro
es and poor white groups in the
south.
She made a brief speech and am
ong other things said:
“I want to register my attitude
upon the poll tax. I trust we shail
show that intolerance in this eoun
try is something we will no longer
. —^ __. .*
NEGRO NEWSPAPER
PUBLISHERS ASSOC.
BEHIND “ALL-OUT”
SCRAP DRIVE
September 22, 1942
Dear Publisher:
I have been request?d by our Pr -r
ident. Mr. William O. Walker, to
write you about a matter which ir
-erious and of vital importance to
our war effort. As you p-obald
-now. the War Production Board
a confronted with a very urgen
»ed for scrap me.al. Recently
,lr. Donald Nelson, Chairman cf
the War Production Board, called a
meeting of newspaper executives to
liscuss this problem and to solicit
■■.he cooperation of all newspapers
1 an “All-Out Salvage Drivr”. 1
attended this conference, and it is
my pleasure to pass on to you the
information discussed at the se -
siohs which were held in Washing
ton on September 4th
As you have probably noted i |
the daily press, the American New. I
paper Publishers Association has a1
ready begun its campaign. It is the
sincere hope of Mr. Donald M. N l
son and Mr. Walter M. Dear, Pre i
lent of the American Newspttter
Publishers Association, that :•!!
newspapers, white as well as N?grr*
will cooperate together to achie'
the ends of this drive in their res
pective communities.
This is the first time the Federal
government has called upon us to
undertake an important over-all «,b
in our war mobilization. Therefo-e
this invitation should serve as a
challenge to cur Association.
Inasmuch as the campaign is bas
ed largely upon the initative of ihe
local newspapers in the several com
munities. no nation-wide plan h <
been developed for the scrap col’e*
ficn. It is suggested that you ear
"Act your reg;onal salvage manage
far suggestions and ideas. The al
tached list will tell you tit? nam
sui add pss of your regional oft",
ed. One point. b-'W’ver. is v?
important. -and that is you sho •]'
and maintain the leadership
in your Own community.
We can make a definite contribu
tion towards the war effort ini
show the real power of the Neg-c
Press. Start the work today by
contacting your local salvage com
mittee and let me know your pro
gress, for it is important that we
know the total amount of scrap col
lection stimulated through our As
sociation.
If you have any further questions,
please feel free to get in touch with
me.
Sincerely yours,
John M. Sengstacke.
permit, that we will move toward a
true democracy, thafr we will regis
ter ourselves as wanting to give
full citizenship to everyone, so that
Our boys, all our boys, whether i
this or some other country, will
have the opportunity of expressing
their preferences and judgements in
all matters pertaining to their gov
ernment.”
Mrs. Bolton has been a staunch
friend of Negro measures in the nai'
of congress whenever she has fel*
them sound an dhas supported m«a?
ures which were liberal regardles>
of their effect upon people of any
particular group.
DRAFT LAWS LOWER
WILBERFORCE ENROLLMENT
Wilberforce. O. Sept. 25 (ANP 1—
More than 160 freshmen registered
during ‘ Freshman Week” according
to an announcement this week hv
officjals of Wilberforce university.
Over two thirds of the registrants
were women. Demands of the draft
apparently diminished the male en
rollment.
Despite the small number of met
returning to school this fall. Col.
Hamilton, in charge of ROTC train
ing at the school, said a concent i
ted program of military tactics
would be in full swing beginning
next week.
The annual convocation exercis?3'
begun six years ago will be held on
j Monday, Sept. 28. in Shorter hall on
the campus.
ANOTHER OMAHA GIRE HAS
MADE GOOD
Miss Mary Heddy Wiggins who
has recently graduated from the St.
Agnes School of Nursing has been
appointed as school nurse for Pal
mer Institute at Sedalia. North Car
olina.
FEPC Under Virtual Dictatorship of Manpcwer C^rrmission
FEPC TO ABSORB WEAVER GROUP; GET $500,000
^ ^ ^ ----— — — —-—-... . «... . . .
; BETWEEN THE
LINES i
(BY DEAN GORDON B.
HANCOCK FOR ANP)
THERE IS CONFUSION
The old adage, “Be sure you are
right and go ahead", sounds goo I
but will not stand close inspection.
One can never be sure one is right,
for it will take a thorough unde"
standing Of all creation to make nr.t
sure that one is right. Hegel ha '
it right when he said that every tn
sis has its antithesis and Ella
Wheeler Wilcox was approaching
the truth when she said,
“I know as my years grow older
And my eyes have clearer light;
That in each rank wrong some
where
There lu-ks the seed of right"
The person who debates with h-m
self too long the matter of bying
Vseti- rig't is lost at the beginn
fcg- Very often we must get right
s we go ahead. In the eurren'.
conflict wherein the natiins are
looked in mortal combat, it wouid
be fine to have time to really ascer
tain more nearly just “who is who''
in the realm of right. The axis na
tions and the United nations botn
cannot be right. From where we
stand the united nations are right
and upon this conviction we proceed
even unto the death.
Dorothy Thompson said in one of
her recent releases that a soldier
from the fornt wrote her that he
was confused. As with him most
probably it is with millions of sold."
iers along the far-flung battle fronts
in many lands. It is even so here
at home that many of us are conf .
ed. There are reasons for fighting
and there are reasons for not fig.it
ing: but when we consider the con
sequences of not fighting with those
of fighting, we resolve to fight un'.o
death. But this resolution does not
resolve our confusion.
Why would English soldiers be
confused when Great Britain refus
es India the very thing for which
she is fighting: Why would not A
merican soldiers be confused wh-.i
the resurgence of Xegrophobism i l
this country runs counter to all the
orinciples which commit them to n
litter war unto death against the
foreign elements which complement
the Negrophobes in this country.
There is confusion when isolation
ists with their isolationism threaten
to hand over our nation to Hitler
m his henchmen without a struggle
There is confusion wherever nations
xnd men will not do unto others
what they want that others do unf)
them. There will be confusion a
long as one man wants to lord it
over his fellowmen.
Let us cease doing our utmost un
til all issues are clarified and all
confusion is dissipated. We have
the long, long, future to untangle
issues but we must win this war o
have a hand in the untangling. Wo>
unto us if we have to sit at the
Beautiful Gate of the nations while
Hitler and his henchmen ponder the
grave issues of human destiny. Con
fusion will be less confounded with
victory for the united nations!
“SUBVERSIVE ELEMENTS"
Wherever there is more than or
dinary commotion among Negroes
the attention of the country is dir
ected towards ferreting 0ut the ac
tivities of ‘subversive elements”.
Whenever certain Negro elements
become restive under the chafing
pressure of prejudice and seek re
course to measures of resentment
the work of ‘‘subversive elements”
is suspected. It seems as if sight is
lost of the fact that Negroes are
human and seek like humans to re
lieve in time of crisis the painful
Randolph Recognizes Violence
In Capitol March
ANESTHETIST
MRS. EOLA LYONS TAYLOR,
who resigned her position as direc
tor of nurses, Flint-Goodridge Hos
pital, New Orleans, to give full time
to thp hospital's department of an
esthesia. She is one of the .’3 v
few Negro Nurses qualified to ad
minister anesthetics.
pressures to which they are relent
lessly subjected.
Sociologists tell us that in times
rational upheaval, the subject
elements of a nation must struggle
for relief. During the current war
even as World War I, the leadership
of the race was well w ithin the pro
vince of reason when they made and
are making efforts to improve tile
Negro's status. The Negro is w.!\
within the province of self preserv
ation when he therefore strives in
dividually to improve his lost even
though such attempts may run coon
ter to the traditional mores.
When the Negro gets restive then
in times like these it were useless
to invariably suspect “subversive
elements” when the KuKluxKlan is
riding Or ‘Georgia's Terrible Talm
adge” is doing his stuff. There aie
little Talntadges all around and they
are stirring within the Negro a re
sentment that stands out in bolder j
relief in times like these. The most
dangerous 'subversive elements”
are not foreign but domestic. One
Talmadge is more “subversive”
than a hundred Hitler henchm n.
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
SKYROCKETS DURING WAR
ACCORDING TO PM.
New York....That juvenile de
linquency has sky-rocket in Amer
ica during wartime, what has
brought about its increase, what is
being done about it and what can lie
done about it. is revealed in a ser
ies of four articles published in t'~e
New York Daily. PM beginnnjng
Monday. September 21. and running
through Thursday. Septtmber 24.
Judge Justine Wise Polier. of the
New York Domestic Relations com t
has written the first of the series
is New York's children. This art
icle was followed by a report on th
nation ot large by PM's national
news staff.
Special attention is called to th
series by the NAACP which stated
that the problem of juvenile delin
quency is esp ecially serious am
ong the Negro population. NAACP
branches, it was suggested, might
well give considerable thought to
the problem and its solution in
their communities.
Negro To Command Liberty Ship
Named For Booker T. Washington
Marian Anderson, cele
brated contralto, will be
on hand to Christian the
ship when the 10,000 ton
vessel is launched.
Washington, D. C., Sept. 23—The
Liberty Ship Booker T. Washington
named for the late Negro educator,
will be placed in charge of a Negro
captain, the maritime commission
announced
The commission Hug Mulzac of
Brooklyn, the only Negro to hold a
mtster's certificate, had been assign
ed to command the vessel. The
Booker T. Washington’s crew wiU
be composed of both white and Ne
gro officers and men.
> (by ERNEST E. JOHNSON) (3
New York. Sept. 23 (ANP)
Philip Randolph .national director
of the March on Washington move
ment, gave clear recognition to the
possibility of violence in any pro
jected march upon the capitol when
he addressed 3,00 persons at a meet
ing in the Golden Gate ballroom
here Friday, but heavily underscor
ed his determination to stick to the
objective. “It is written in the
scripture,” he declared ominously,
“that there is no remission of sin
without the shedding of b’ood.” :I?
said this immediatelp following a
recitation of the sins of government
that have been practiced against
Negroes.
The meeting was sponsored by the
local division of the MOWM for the
purpose of permitting the national
director to make his undelivered ,
speech, orginally scheduled for the :
Madison Square Garden demonstr.v
tion in June, and to permit the p b- J
lie to s?e the play presented that
night which told eloquently of the
Negro's complaint with democracy
in America.
Mr. Randolph began with a hope
and desire for a victory of the Uni
ted nations over the axis but saw no
“certainty” of a new order” in
such a victory unless we press now.
He held that the conference ap
proach to a solution is now inade
quate. that pressure must be exert
ed. Thus th? establishment of the
movement. He justified its exist
ence by citing similar methods be
ing practiced by the American J c
gion, the famous bonus army, the
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion .labor organizations and other
special groups. He criticized to.
transfer of the Fair Employment
Practice committee to the War Man
power commission.
Mr. Randolph called the federal
government itself the "carrier" 0f
the "germ of race discrimnation"
and pointed to the tendency of Am
erican soldiei. abroad to transplant
their home grown prejudices to ;he
soil of ordinarily unbiased cuntr:<rs.
He complained of the refusal of the
President to confer with him on \'e
gr problems although ‘ he always
finds time to talk to representatives
of AFL and CIO. or other groups
seeking a hearing. The trouble, he
said is that "the President has no.'
been made to understand that N’egio
-es are an important factor in the
American economy." The director
here reiterated the intention of his
organization to go forward with the
march. “We have no intention of
his organization to abandoning the
march”, he stated. This is our
major strategy and the MOWM will
lead such a march. Personally I
have no doubt that the march will
be necessary during this war to li
the President and the nation kno '
that the Negroes are not going t
take a licking from jim crow lying
GOES SOUTH FOR COULEGE
CHARLES WASHINGTON, young
Omaha sportsman left Saturday
night for Oak wood Junior College
in Huntsville, Ala., This is his
first year in College Charles was |
very actice in sports and civic work '
while in Omaha. He was a member
of the Inter-City Youth Council,
the Senior Boys Advisors Commit
tee, the Urban League, and a num
ber of other groups.
He has made quite a number of
speeches and ]ec;u~es both over the
radio and to important organizat
ions. His last p' b’ic lecture was
made over Radio Station KOWH on
September 3rd. the subject ‘‘Race
Relations and the War.”
Also quite active in his church
work, he was a member of the Sen
ior choir, and also the Young Peo
ples' Choir.
He is the son of Mrs. Julia Wash
ington, 2037 Florence Blvd.
rrrrrrrm-rrrrmnrrtVrtV
down.
“If the President wants to stop
our agitation then let him stop dis
crimination. If Negroes are afraid
to fight and go to jail for theu
rights. then they should be made to
get off the earth so that men of
stout heart can do the job.”
Mr. Ranolph close his addras.ie
with the reading of Claude McKay's
poem “If We Must Die,” and was
greeted with a timultuous burst of
applause.
CAPTAIN RISKS LIFE TO SAVE
MESS ATTENDANT
Washington, Sept. 23 (ANP) —Al
though the names of one of the
men involved was given, the brief
est communique on the loss of the
CSS. Yorktown, told of the heroism
cf the cmmander of the ship, Capt.
Buckmaster. "he Old Man", who
leaped into the surging seas and
grabbed a wounded mess attendant
hoisted him into a whale boat,
where only one seat remained and
threshed about swimming in the
water until he was pulled aboard a
life raft and saved.
FT. BELYOIR GRADUATES FIRST CLASS OF NEGRO OFFICERS
Big. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, only
Negro general in the U. S. Army
congratulates Lieut. W. F. Jones,
(center) and Lieut. William H. Col
lins on their graduation with the
first class of Negro officer candid
ates to finish special training at the
Fort Belvoir, Va, Engineer Offic
ers' School. Gen. Davis is assign
ed to the Inspector General's Dep
artment, Washington. His son.
Lieut, Col. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.,
is in command of the Negro avia
tion cadet training unit at Tusktgee
University, Ala.
ROOSEVELT
Washington, D. C. (Special, NA
ACP Bureau).. . In a new and
it.or.gsr objection to the transfer
of the Committee on Fair Employ
ment Practice from inde Pendent
status to the War Manpower Com
mission, the N'AACP told President
Roosevelt, last week, that the chair
man of the Commission "has ucul*
clear that the Committee can hold
public hearings only as and if he ap
proves and that field representativ
es of the Committee are subject to
the control of area officers under
lie War Manpower Commission.”
War Manpower Commission cha.r
man is Paul V. McNutt.
The President issued a statement
on August 17, after numerous cotn
pla’nts had reached him about th«y
transfer in which he said that the
intention of the transfer was "to
strengthen.not to submerge
....the Committee and to investi
gate....not to repeal...., .Executive
Order 8802.”
„ The NAACP told the President
last week: "We suhmjt that this
does submerge and does not streng
then the Committee and is obvious
ly contrary to your purpose and in
tent.”
Walter White. NAACP executive
secretary, stated this week: ‘‘The
present method of control of tne
FEPC, where Mr. McNutt, insteal
of the President has the final say as
to what investigations shall !>e
made and what shall be done with
the results of the investigations,
goes beyond the powers even hela
by the President. The situation ha*
reached the point where it would
almost be beter to have no Commit
tee on Fair Employment Practice,
than to have one which is ham
strung and completely controlled to
fool people into thinking that it
will protect their rights.”
WRITE TO FDR TO RESTORK
FEPC' TO INDEPENDENCE
.Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.Every
organization, labor union, frat
ernal and religious group and
every branch of the National
Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People and in
terested individual is urged by
the National NAACP office to
send telegrams or to write
strong letters appealing for the
restoration of the Committee on
Fair Employment Practice to
completely independent statu*
with an increase in staff. The
leters or telegrams should he
addressed to President Franklin
D. Roosevelt, The White House
Washington, D. C. The NAA
CP. states that the FEPC can
not be effective under the con
trol of the War Manpower Com
mission.
FEPC TO ABSORB WEAVER
GROUP
GET §500,000
MANY STORIES FOLLOW'
“SECRET” MEETING W'lTIC
McNutt
Washington, Sept. 22 (ANP) Con
flicting stories without confirmation
circulate throughout Washington
concerning the issues of utmost
importance to colored America.
What did Paul V. McNutt do about
the President's Committee On Fair
Employment Practice when he mot
with that group on Friday?
It is reported that the full comm
ittee did not meet with Mr. McNutt
of the War Manpower commission
under whose administration tbc
eomrr.ittee now functions. Pres
ent. according to information were
Chairman Malcolm McLean and
committee members Brophy, Dick
erson and Webster. Some state
ment was made by Mr. McNutt bat
it is further reported that a special
meeting of the full committee is fad
ing called for next week.
A sidelight on this situation ex
pressed by a close friend of the*
committee was that this attendance
showed an intent of breaking dp
the group.
A second “inside information’’
said that the FEPC had been grarrt
ed all 0f the power it requested!.
That it has been given a budget of
half a milion dollars; that it had
absorbed all of Dr. Weaver's sta’f
now distributed among the man
power commission regional offices;
that it had absorbed his office per
sonnel. files and correspondence
(continued on pagejPer*2)