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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 23, 1942)
ALL COLORED DIVISION
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS—Th«
first all-colored division of World
War II was officially organized Mav
15, 1942, at oFrt Huachuca, Arizona
with the reactivation of the 93rd
Infantry Division. Under the com
mand of Major General Charles P.
Hall, this new division will become
a part of Lieutenant General Wal
ter Krueger’s Third Army.
The 93rd Division of World War
I was composed of National Guard
colored troops from New York,
Ohio, Illinois, Connecticut, Massach
usetts, Tennessee, Maryland, and the
District of Columbia. It was made
up of four infantry regiments, the
369th, the 370th, 371st and 372nd.
The Division Commander, Major
General Hall, was born in Sardia,
lMss., December 12, 1886, and follow
lng graduation from the United
States Military Academy was ap
pointed a second lieutenant of in
fantry June 13, 191. He sailed for
France with the 23rd Infantry in the
fall of 1917, attended the General
Staff College of the AEF., and went
to the French front as an observor
in February 1-918. In March cf
that year he was made Adjutant of
the 3rd Infantry Brigade and part
icipated in the following operations:
Troyon sector, Aisne defensive,
Chateau Thierry • sector, Aisne
Marne offensive, Marbache sector
St. Milhiel ofensive, Champagne of
fensive, and the Meuse-Argonne of
General Hall was decorated for
extraordinary heroism with the Dis
tinguished Service Cross for out
standing performance at "Vierzy,
France, on July 18, 1918; with the
Silver Star with two Oak Leaf Clus
ters; the Purple Heart; the French
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decoration, the Legion of Honor;
the French Croix de Guerre; and
the Panamanian medal, La Solidar
idad. Following the Armistice he
served in the Army of Occupation
until July 16, 1919.
Since World War I, General Hail
I has served with the 3rd Brigade
Headquarters at Camp Travis, Te.c
as; in the Philippine Islands; at the
Air Corps Tactical School, Maxwell
Field, Alabama; as commanding of
ficer of the 11th Infantry at Fort
Benjamin Harrison, Indian; and with
the 3rd Division at Fort Lewis,
Washington. He is a graduate of
the Infantry School, Fort Benning,
Georgia (1923); Command and Gen
eral Staff School, Fort Leavenworth
Kansas (1925); and the Army War
College, Washington, D. C. (1930).
Staff officers assigned to assist
General Hall in command of the
new 93rd Division are as follows:
Brig. Gen. Edward M. Almond, as
sistant division commander; Brig.
Gen. William Spence, division artil
lery commander; Col. Cecil J. Grid
ley. Chief of staff; Lt. Col. Thomas
W.Ligon, assitant chief of staff
TO HELP‘KEEP’EM FLYING'
Materials—and still more materials—for planes, tanks*
guns must be delivered to a multitude of industrial
plants. Troop6 must be transported to military camps.
It's an important job the railroads are doing today and
Union Pacific is proud to do its share. A fleet of gigan
tic locomotives—largest ever built—haul vast quanti
ties of vital war materials and completed armament
over the Strategic Middle Route, planned by Abraham
Lincoln to connect the East with the West. All of our
facilities plus thousands of experienced Union Pacific
employees are on the job for Uncle Sam day and night.
We’re keeping ’em rolling to “keep ’em flying ”
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
*7he SfoeU&fic Middle Route
V. 8, Arm p Signal CV]W
“To the Heroes of the Dark Army** read the inscription on the base of this memorial to the French*
African Colonial soldiers who fell in the First World War. The Germans not only refused to allow this
monument to more than 35,000 dead of dark skin to remain standing in occupied France; they made a
ceremony out of dynamiting it, with much talk of Nasi race superiority and slurs on the race repro*
seated by the memorial.
G-2; Lt. Col. John A. Elmore, assist
ant chief of staff, G-3; Lt. Col. Stan
ley M. Prouty, assistant chief of
staff, G-4; Major John A. Fry, ord
nance; Lt. Col. A. A. G. Kirchhoff,
engineer; Major C. Robert Bard,
judge advocate; Major W. P. Turp
in, Signal; Major Vincent E. Mont
gomery, chemical; Lt. Col. Harold
P. Stewart, inspector general; Lt
Col. George H. McManus, Jr., adjut
ant general; Lt. Col. William L
Kay, Jr., quartermaster; and Major
William S. George, surgeon.
Sent overseas in April, 1918, the
old 93rd Division was broken up and
brigaded with the French armies as
four separate infantry regiments.
As such, these four regiments serv
ed throughout the war since the op
portuity to reassemble them as an
American division never presented
All four regiments participate* in
front line action from July, 1918,
until the Armistice, and were highly
praised by the French military lead
ers for their conduct under fire. For
their valorous action as integral
parts of the French armies, these
colored troops received many decor
ations and commendations. Indic
ative of the major actions particip
ated in by these reigments is their
battle record, 2,583 casualties, of
w'hich 574 were killed and 2,009
Typical of the fighting soldiers of
the old 93rd Division was Lt. George
S. Robb, 39th Infantry, who will
long be remembered for his valiant
fighting. During the attack of his
regiment in the Champagne region
September 29 and 30, 1918, Lt. Boon
was severely wounded by
gun fire while at the head of as
platoon. Refusing to « to i v
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lng station until ordered to do so,
he returned within 45 minutes and
remained on duty throughout the
day and night, inspecting lines and
establishing outposts. .Early the next
morning he again was wounded, and
later that day was struck by frag
ments of bursting Shell that killed
three officers of his company. He
assumed command and took a lead
ing part in preparing the new posi
tion for defense. Displaying re
markable courage and tenacity at
critical times, he was the only offic
er of his battalion who advanced
beyond the town which was the ob
jective. By clearing out machine
gun and sniping posts, he contrio
uted largely to the success of his
battalion in holding its objective.
Lt. Robb was awarded the Congres
sional Medal of Honor for this heroic
(Continued from page 1)
common use was, ‘‘Tempus Fugit”
(Time is Fleeting)’.
One day the old cook of the family
"went visiting” and pridefully said
to the listening company, in an ef
fort to quote her employer, “Time
keeps a fugiting”. Not bad, was it?
Time is fleeting, and every mo
ment lost cannot be regained. Time
Is passing in every land and every
May we mark well the need to
r.ake the most of it.
PltlCA IN THE NEWS
I ri'*- present world war has
_^wn many obscure problems to
-era. Not the least of them has
n Africa, which we have long
uewn to have been the “cradle of
.“lzution”. Now, many thought
.1 men and women are urging
id leaders to utilize Africa and
■ans to save civilization.
They point out that Africa is the
richest continent in the world in
NATURAL RESOURCES; in climate
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soil, potential hydro-electric power,
inland navigable rivers; in precious
and base metals; in precious stones,
and in Ancient and modern culture,
a culture, then and now, which was
and is indigenous.
The Africans, however, while will
ing to aid the fight to beat Hitler,
must be assured that when this
shall have been done, they will share
In the democracy about which so
much has been said and so little
Now white Europeans in Africa
are urging the arming of native
Africans and have them defend their
own country. The corollary of this
must be liberty for the Africans
themselves. It means the Franch
ise, representation in the parlia
ments, economic freedom and equal
ity. In short, the end of an era of
exploitation and cruelty and wrong.
These subjects have been debat
ed in recent weeks in study clubs
and on radio programs. More will
be said about Africa and Africans
as time goes on. The Africans will
watch the conduct of the United
States toward the Negro population.
The wisdom and justice with which
that is handled will have much to do
with the success of our approach to
THE COUNCIL ON AFRICAN
AFFAIRS is helping tremendously
in this matter.
NEGRO CARPENTERS BUY
$500 WORTH OF BONDS
Expressing appreciation for Gov
ernmental assistance in obtaining
war construction employment, a loc
al union of Negro carpenters in
Tennessee this week purchased $500
worth of War Bonds. At the same
time, every member of the local
subscribed to individual purchases
of additional bonds and asked that
deductions be made from their week
ly wages for this purpose.
This action was reported to Dr.
Robert C. Weaver, Chief of the Ne
gro Employment and Training
Branch, War Manpower Commission
by Odeil Lowery, Business Repres
entotive of Local 2216, United Bro
therhood of Carpenters and Join
ers of America, in Chattanooga.
“In place of some grievance,” Mr.
Lowery wrote, "I am afforded con
siderable pleasure to inform you cf
the purchase of $500 in United Stat
es War Bonds; also of the resolve of
the membership to have the Stone
and Webster Engineering Corpor
ation make deductions from their
wages each week to buy United
States War Bonds.
“We consider this a small partial
payment for the interest the Negro
NORTH 24th st
1807 N. 24th St. WE. 424U
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Other People Do.
Our Half Crle'rq Method leave:
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We Use the BEST Material
COME UNDER EXECUTIVE
(Continued from Daee 1)
been associated with the firm of
Raymond Pace Alexander, Philadel
phia, Pa. He is national president
of th® Lincoln Alumni Asosciation.
Five additional war contractors
have notified the President’s Comm
ittee on Fair Employment Practice
that they intend to comply with its
recent directions to follow an employ
ment policy which does not discrim
inate against workers because of
their race, creed, color, or national
origin, Lawrence W. Cramer, exe
cutive secretary of the committee,
The companies reporting are the
A. O. Smith Corporation, Milwaukee;
the Buick Motor Division of Gener
al Motors Corpration, Detriot;
Bearse Manufacturing Company,
Chicago; the Studebaker Corporat
ion, South Bend, Ind., and the Ma
jestic Radio and Television Corpor
ation, Chicago. The Heil Company
of Milwaukee informed the comm
ittee recently of the steps it had
taken to comply.
The directions by the committee
grew out of hearings conducted in
Chicago January 19 and 20 in which
the companies took part.
All the concerns, Cramer stated,
have explained that they had taken
the first steps-to give written inst
ructions to their hiring officals that
there shall be no dscrimination in
hrng based on race, creed, color, or
natonal origin, and aditional instruc
tions to employment offices and
other placement agencies that there
shall be no discrimnation In the ref
Employment and Training Branch
has shown in the grievances we have
submitted from time to time.”
The weekly deductions for indiv
idual bond purchases began on May
9, 1942, ust two months and a day
after Dr. Weaver’s office assisted in
the negotiation of an agreement for
the employment of at least 75 addi
tional members of Local 2216 on the
construction of the Volunteer Ord
nance Works in Tennessee. Forty
one Negro carpenters, including
two foremen, were already at work
on the job at that time.
The agreement, reached by labor,
management and Government rep
resentatives, resulted from a com
plaint to the Negro Employment
and Training Branch and the Presi
dent’s Committee on Fair Employ
ment Practice that members of the
Negro local had been discriminated
against in the recruitment of car
penters for the project. The local
has also been given Government as
sistance in obtaining further em
ployment of Negro carpenters on
other projects in Tennessee and Geor
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They carry Furniture, Washing
Machines, Radios, Travelling,
Bags, Jewelry and All Kinds
2122 North 24th St.
Phone AT. 5652
STORAGE & VAN CO.
Local and Long Distance
1107 Howard, W. W. Koller, Mgr.
JjOHNSON DRUG CO. I
2306 North 24th
We. 0998 Free Delivery!
2020 NORTH 24TKST.
(Across the Street from Rita
NEW AND USED
Clothes, Furniture and
“We Save You Money on Good
WE BUY, SELL AND
—Mrs. Jackie Bryant, Mgr.
GIVE LIVER BILE
FLOW A BOOST
Do This Every Morning for 30 Days
Snap out of it! Get a bottle of Kruschen Salts
tonight. Start right in tomorrow morning and
take A teaspoonful in a glass of water (hot or
cold) half an hour before breakfast and keep
this up for 30 days. Do this and you too may
know what it is to get up feeling fit and ready
for a real day's work. Try Kruschen for the next
30 days on our guarantee of satisfaction or
money refunded. All druggists.
erral of workers.
In addition, the A. O. Smith Com
pany, which had no Negroes employ
ed in January and had 486 former
employees on a waiting list, inform
ed the committee that, between Mar.
23 and April 22. it has employed 57
Negroes and that several of these
are being considered for entrance
into th ewelding and machine shop
school conducted by the company.
Buick reaffirmed an earlier posi
tion that it “expects to recognize
and encourage individual initiatve
and ability in the hiring and pro
motion of its employees regardless
of race, creed, or color.”
The Studebaker Company report
ed that it has dropped reference tc
race and religion affiliation in the
new application forms it has ordered
and that copies of the form will be
filed with the committee.
The Bearse Company, which is
relatively small, reported employ
ing 18 persons during April, out of
0 total of 52 applicants. Those em
ployed included three Negroes, four
persons of Jewish background, and
11 Gentiles. In the Chicago hear
ing, J. H. Erickson, personnel man
1 1 ■
"The 'kitchen brigade*
can clean up Hitler”
• i •
DON’T wash dishes under the
faucet. Use good sudsy
^ water in a pan—with a rinse of
hot*water. It’s healthier—and
thriftier. Between-plates running
water is wasted water and wasted
money. Remember: water power
is defense power.
Save your pennies for U. s. SAV.
ings stamps—to scour Hitler off
the map. Every u. s. savings
stamp and bond is added energy
in America’* war effort.
ager of this company ,had acknow
ledged, with regret, that one of its
officials had advertised for "Gentile'’
power machine operators.
The U. S. Coast Guard offers men
between 17 and 35 an oportunity to*
help win the war and train for a
profession at the same time.
for Popular Brands
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2229 Lake Street
j —Always a place to park—
2204-6 NORTH 24th ST.
Get the Best in Quality at the
PHONE WE. 4137
NEW YORK CITY
695 Lenox Avenue
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Select Family and Tourist
Running Hot and Cold Water
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All Rooms Outside Exposure
Subway and Surface Cars at
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ED. H. WILSON, Prop.
Tel. Aud 3-7920
205 West 135th Street
New York City
—“In the Heart of Harlem"—
Running Hot and Cold Water
All rooms outside exposure
Rates: $1.50, $2.00 and $2.50 up
PHone; AU 3-7730
Frank G- Lightner, Mgr
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HARLEMITE" • "St#A/ut*
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HAKLEM'S HEADING HAT STYUST ^
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~ DEPT TY-I NEW YORK. N. Y.
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