The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, May 23, 1942, City Edition, Image 1

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fjji? “■3n^.‘7 j~f*——■ S&ffSfe 9S?*- Omaha, Nebraska, Saturday. May 23.1942 OUR lath YEAR-No. 15 City Edition, 5c Copy
Under the auspices of the Omaha
Labor Institute, Omaha will h»ve
two bigs days of conference on the
subject, “The Negro, Labor and the
"War” starting: 10:00 A. M. Saturday
May 23, and Sunday, May 24th at the
Omaha University.
There wil be many outstanding
speakers among whom wlii be Assist
ant Secretary of War, Judge Has tie,
and A. Philip Randolph.
A Big Banquet is planned for
Saturday eveniu*. May 2*rd at 6 P
M. at the Rome Hotel.
• ••
The fight which Russia has made
and is making for survival of Rus
sia, and, therefore, civilization as
we have known it, is without his
torical example.
How Russia has done what she
has done in a quarter of a century.
' no one seems to know. That she
hag done a great task superbly, all
Now, it seems, Russia is about to
crush Hitler and all Hitelerlsm
Our hope is that on the ruins of
Hitlerism there may be built a soc
iety in which all men may freely
give and freely share: where service
shall be more than greed and the
human personality more desirable
than self and power.
Russia is the only great nation in
the world today, among the nations
of the world, where white men are
predominant, which is free from
“color prejudice".
In the United States, we ha-e
thirteen million Negroes! in Russia
thirteen million black persons would
be Russians, just as they are Brazil
ians in Brazil.
Mighty Russia may do much to
dissipate these harmful artificial
The case against Sergeant Gra
ham has been patiently heard by
the Omaha City Council. It has
been taken under advisement by that
TVe have heard the case through
several times and we are satisfied
Sergeant Graham is wrong and
lacks the judgement requisite to
control his great physical strength.
One fact has come to light In this
case which should receive immed
iate attention by the City Council.
According to the evidence adduced
in the Graham Eldridge case, Mrs.
Eldridge was taken to the emerg
ency iperating room where a police
surgeon took several stitches in her
cut arm. She fainted, apparently
from loss of blood. And while in
this condition, instead of being tak
en to the hospital ward in the city
jail she was placed in a cel. Even
a dumb brute, suffering from a sim
ilar injury would have been plac>nl
in a hospital provided for such cre
atures, even though its wounds had
been received in a fight with an
other dumb animal.
Furthermore, it also appears from
the evidence that Mrs. Eldridge wns
injured sometime before 3 p. m. and
bled profusely from her wounds for
over an.hour before the flow of
blood was staunched by a nurse or a
tv hat if she had died from loss of
blood? If as in the present case
she had died after being placed in
the cell on the orders of a police
surgeon, the city would have be
cjme liable in civil damages. And
if the city were to have many such
cases, it would soon be bankrupt.
tVill the police commissioner in
vestgate and report some remedial
steps to the City Council.
In an earlier day in the old south
the so-called “white blue bloods"
were required to learn a little aboui
the Latin language. A phrase oi
two often sufficed. One phrase it
*Continued on page fW 2)
Death Claims
Mrs. Madeline Roberts Gibson
Charlie McIntosh
John A. Crawford
Mrs Madeline Roberts Oibeoa.
formerly of Omaha, passed away
Saturday, in Tacoma, Washington,
after a lingering illness.
Mrs. Gibson was wel] known in
Omaha. She was the daughter of
the late Henry L. and Mrs. Alice
Roberts, and a graduate of Central
About eighteen years ago she mar
ried Ray Gibson at the St. Philips
Episcopal Church .and then moved
to Tacoma.
A daughter, Jacqueline, and a son
Robert, as well as her mother, Mrs.
Alfred Roberts, were at the bedside
in Tacoma.
For years Mrs. Gibson was active
in civic, social .religious ,and frat
ernal work. She was a former
Daughter Elk Ruler; active in the
Eastern Star, and belonged to the
Federation of Women’s Clubs, and
to the Parents Teachers Assciatiun. j
The funeral was held Wednesday
In Tacoma.
John N. Crawford, 72, resident of
Nebraska since 1890, passed away
early Sunady morning, after having
| suffered from high blood pressure
and heart trouble since last Octob
He had been living with his sow,
Lovejoy Crawford, 2701 North 25th
Father Stams officiated, in an im-;
pressive ceremony, at the St. Phil
lips Episcopal Church, Wednesday.
Burial was at Forest Lawn.
Two sons, Love joy and Dillard
Crawford, both of Omaha, survive.
One daughter, Mrs. Flora Pinks
ton. and a grand-daughter, Floren
tine Crawford, both of Omaha, also
Mr .Crawford was a Royal Arch
Mason, and a charter member of
the Grand Lodge of Nebraska,
The very popular Charlie McIn
tosh, 2709 Ohio Street, passed away
very suddenly last Saturday as the
result of a stroke. ,
Funeral services were held Thurs
day at the J. D. Lewis Chapel. 2310
North 24th Street, the Rev. Mueller
Charlie made innumerable friends
ah the result of his long years in the
Pullman service .and was well-liked
Three of his children, from De
troit. arrived in time for the funer
al. They are: Mrs. Clifford Griffin,
Mrs. Leonard Davis, and a son. Gro
ver McIntosh. They stayed with
the fourth surviving child, Mrs.
Harvey Carter, of 2321 North 27 Ih
A mother, Mrs. Mary McIntosh, of
2709 Ohio, and a sister. Miss Ella Me I
In tosh, same address, also survive,
as well as a host of other near rel
Eldridge Case
Taken Under
The famous Eldridge-Graham case
In which the National Association
for the Advancement of Co’, uv-1
People participated, together with
Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge as oomi lain
sn's against Sergeant John H. Gra
ham, war submitted to the city
counci for judgement Tuesday.
Graham was charged with assault
on both Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge while
he had them in his custody. It was
[ chat ged that he made the first as
f sault on Mrs. Eldridge at her home,
(25G1'- Maple St., an dthat he assault
ed her again in the ‘Bull Pen” at
the i olice station: that he also as
saulted Mr. Eldridge at the police
After the incidents at the police
sln*ion Mrs. Eldridge sought to get
a y arrant for the arrest of Mrs.
Johnson, the woman who had as
saulted her and caused Sergeant
Graham to take Mrs. Eldridge and
Mr Eldridge to jail, but was denied
a complaint.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge were
charged wjth various offense in the
police court. Mr. Eldridge was
found not guilty of all charges: Mrs
Eldridge was found guilty of dis
turbing the peace and resisting ar
rest and was given five days SUS
Both fings of guilty have been ap
pealed to the District Court, where
they will be tried later on.
The trial before the City Council,
where the charges against Graham
were heard, lasted six days.
The evidence showed that neither
Mr. nor Mrs. Eldridge were ever
placed under legal arrest by any \>n
lice officer: that they were taker
forcibly fro mtheir premises, after
Mrs. Eldridge was assaulted by Ser
geant Graham.
All the testimony adduced on be
half of the defendant Graham, with
the exception o fthe two Negroes
from Chicago, who gave the names
of Irving and Alice Johnson,
given by policemen and employees
of the police department.
A number of disinterested witness
es testified for the complainants,
one of the most effective being Mrs.
Evelyn Green, a friend of the JoUn
sons. She swore that shortly after
Irving Johnson got out of jail on a
bond the afternoon of March 18 th,
the day the Eldridges were arrested.
Johnson, who was in the “bull pen”
with Sergeant Graham and the Eld
ridges, told her he never expects
to live to see a white man beat a
Negro woman as Sergeant Graham
beat Mrs. Eldridge, but he could
take it.
The complainants were represent
ed by Mr. John Adams. Jr., and H.
J• Pinkett, while the defendant.
Graham was represented by Mr. Dan
The Home Service department of
the Metropolitan Utilities District
has announced a series of Home
Canning Instruction classes. Thes*
elasses will be held on Tuesdays.
Thursdays and Fridays, until fur
ther notice, at the Gas Bungalow,
first floor of the Utilities Building.
18th and Harney, from 1 to 2:30 in
the afternoon. The latest canning
methods will be demonstrated for
both fruits and vegetables. Emph
asis will be on sugrarless canning of
fruits, due to sugar rationing.
Says George 7. Edwards In His Labor Writings
Clifford C fflitc hell
Well, C. C. you have been so busy all week preparing for the massive
program of the Omaha Labor Institute, this weekend, that I haven't
had time to talk to you much- I understand you have some of the na
tional leaders booked to speak here in Omaha. And that there will be
much dining and banqueting. Tour GUIDE of last week gave the full
program but I presume there will be some last minute changes and
these, no doubt, will be found in other columns of thjs issue- I'll
look for them.
—— ■
While you have been busy plann
ing events of national importance
I have just plugged along in my
humble way, getting acquainted
with the lowly folks, sympathiaig
in their sorrows; rejoicing in their
happiness and living with them the
daily trials and tribuations of the
poor and meek. It is about them
that I shall write to you this week,
that is if I can think of the many
contacts I have made. I’ll try any
way, so please bear with me. Re
member I am of but clay and subject
to all the weakneses of mortal
flesh and memory may not serve m°
as well as it did years ago but I
hope to record a few happenings
any way.
In the pleasure field, of course,
the big event of the week, in my
opinion, was the Earl Hines dance.
I mentioned something about him
last week. And, undoubtedly, the
little girl reprter. Miss'*??, of the
‘‘Girls On The Streets,” column will
have much to say about the local
jitterbugs, and whatnots, who at
tended the dance.
You know C. C. the torch singer.
Miss Madaline Green, stayed around
at the same house I am staying in.
The one owned by the hospitable
Mrs. Ashby Simmons. 2228 Willis
Avenue. So did William Randall,
the Road Secretary of the Earl Hin
es Orchestra, and the permanent
secretary of the Earl Hines Music
My landlady tells me that all the
big theatrical people stop at her
house, when in town, including such
international personages as Duke
Ellington; Ethel Waters: Xoble Sis
sle. etc.
FLASH! I forgot to tell you, cv
did I? that Mrs. C. W. Jewell. 2223
Grant Street, phoned up and told me
to tell you that your God-child Mrs.
Madeline Roberts Gibson of Tacoma.
"Washington, just passed away. You
know. C. C. Mrs. Jewell is the moth
er of Omaha's popular Jimmie Jew
ell. It was he that brought Earl
Hjnes here.
Just got a letter from the British
West Indies. You know. C. C. wh»n
I was down there, a few years aeo,
I got terribly sick. Spent months
on a tropical hospital bed. Every
one thought I would die My weight
went down to 135 lbs. flma?!n»
that and then look at me today D
While there, a little West Indirn
boy attended me as best he could.
I tried to teach him to read and
write. That foreign letter received
today was from him. Little Andy
Jolly of the British West Indies.
I’ll never forget him as I can’t for
get those who helped me when 1
needed help.
(Continued on page E3P3i
ORDlR 8802
Steamship lines engaged in the
transportation of war materials are
war industries and come under Exe
cutive Order 880!, which outlaws
discrimination based on race, creed,
and national origin, accordng to an
opinion rendered by John Lord O
Brian, general counsel of the War
Production Board, to the President's
Committee on Fair Employment
Practice, and announced today by
Lawrence W. Cramer, executive
secretary of the committee.
Mr. O’Brian studied the status of
steamship lines at the request of the
Committee and came to the conclu
sion that, "Steamship lines engaged
in the transportation of war mater
ials are to be regarded as defense
industries, even in the absence of
government contracts.”
This opinion was requested in the
light of numerous complaints reach
ing the Committee from seamen and
other shipworkers who allege that
they have been denied Jobs solely
because of their race, religion, or na
tional origin.
wjth an earlier opinion by Mr. O
Brian that railroads are war indus
tries within the meaning of Exe
cutice Order 8802. the Far Employ
ment Practice Committee has had
its field of operations broadened.
The executive order authorized the
Committee to receive complaints and
correct grievances of discriminaton
in war industries an the government
based on race, creed, color or nat
onal origin. ,
In his opinion. Mr. O’Brian stat
"By Executive Order 9054. Febr
uary 7. 1942. the President establish
ed the \Tar Shipping Administra
tion in order to 'assure the most ef
fective utilization of the shipping of
the United States for the successful
prosecution of the war.' Under the
terms of this order, all merchant
vessels not already controlled by the
armed forces or the Coordinator of
Defense Transportation, are to he
placed in a poo! to be allocated by
the Administrator in compliance
with strategic military require
"On April 18. Admiral Land. Ad
ministrator of this agency, announc
ed the requisition of all remaining
ocean-gong tankers acquired by thi
Government. Prior to this action,
approximately seventy-five percent
of the freighter tonnage had been
taken over by the Government
through purchase, charter, or re
quisition. Now that all dry tonnage
On May 23 and 24 there is going
to be a Negro Labor Institute held
in Omaha. This is a very import
ant occasion for our race since it
will be the first affair of its hind
to be held by the Negro people in
the country. It is our immediate
task to see that this Institute is »
great aucceas.
The committee in charge has ar
ranged a very interesting program
j for both days of the meeting.
Labor Institutes have been held
before and have carried on certain
educational work among members of
organized labor, but more import
ance shuld be attached to this in
stitute because for the first time it
is dealing directly with the problems
that are confronting the Negro peo
ple in all walks of life.
We are confronted with a huge
task in our efforts to organize our
people into trade unions, but it is
a job that MUST be done as rapidly
as possible. That the Negro has
been unfairly treated and discrim
lniaed against in many of the trade
wnions is a fact no honest person
can deny, and it is for that very •
reason that it is so difficult to get
them into unions today. If these
Lariers are to be tom down and die
crimination stopped, it must be done
from within the unions, for we can
do very little so long as we remain
on the outside, and today over the
entire nation there is a great organ
izing drive in progress not only to
get workers Into trade unions but
also to create greater unity in our
war effort.
In Omaha both the CIO and the
AF of L. are making an organizing
drive, and now is ahe time for our
people, wherever posible. to become
a part of this great movement.
It we were to make a survey, we
would find that our living conditions
have rapidly grown worse during
the past year. Why? Because we
have failed to organize. In many
cases our rent has gone up, the cost
of food and clothing has gone up,
while our wages have remained at
the same level. And the reason our
wages have not gone up has been
because we were unorganized.
In the peace that is to follow
war. only the organized are going
to have any voice—so if we are to
have any voice THEN, we must or
ganize now.
Many of our people in Omaha are
eligible to become members of tradu
unions, but not understanding the
real principles of trade unions.-j-n
j have neglected to join. So I feel
j that with the coming of the first
Negro Labor Institute to Omaha we
should launch a real organizirg
campaign among our people. Or
ganize them we can. Organize
them we must. So let’s make a
good start by making May 23 and
24 two red letter days jn the history
of the Negro people in the city of
Omaha. And as we leave the final
meeting of the Institute, let us res
alve not to rest until we have realiy
irganized the Negro people.
vessels and tankers are under dir
ect Governmental control and sub
ject to allocation by the War Ship
ping Administration, it is apparent
that all lines are or soon will be en
gaged in the transportation of war
materials and are, therefore, defense
industries within the meaning of
Executive Order 8802.”
Mr. Cramer also anounced the ad
dition of two senior field represen
tatives to the Committee’s staff—
Maceo W. Hubbard. Philadelphia. Pa
and Ernest Green Trimble, Lexing
ton, Ky., both lawyers.
Mr Hubbard is a gaduate of Lin
coln University and Harvard Law
School. For several years he has
(Continued on pagef^“2)
To Graduate
from St. Agnes School of
hursing, Raleigh, A. C.
daughter of Dr. and Mrs. H. Wigg
ins, one of Omaha's popular young
ladies, who has been in training for
the past three years, will graduate
this month from St. Agnes School
of Nursing at Raleigh, N. C. Miss
Wiggins is a graduate of Central
High School, and attended Omaha
>•••• .. -s?. vHHHIHHi
U. before beginning her studies at
Bt. Agnes hospital. While at the
hospital Miss Wiggins has been an
honor student for the entire courts
of training.
Mrs. Herbert Wiggins, her moth
er, plans to be present at the grad
uation exercises which take Diace
•n Wednesday morning, May 27th.
"3 cents a Day” Pays Bill for
Hospital Confinement in Illness
Accidental Injuries or Maternity
• •***
During the past six years more
than 8.000,000 persons have enrolled
in the popular “3 cents a day” plan
of hospitalization, which pays hos
pital bills for individuals and fam
ilies. America's annual bill for hos
pital care runs into several billions
of dollars and hrify heads of famil
ies have been so quick to recognize
the advantages of insurance against
such expenses that this new idea
has broken all records. Already the
various hospital plans have pai-1
more than $100,000,000.00 in bene
fits to policy-holders.
Hospitalization insurance has
been endorsed by public officials anl
employers as a needed protection to
workers as it obviates the necessity
of borrowing money to meet hospit
al bills.
The medical profesion has not
been slow to recommend hospitaliz
ation. Doctors are else to humcn
piblems and they know that too oft
en a surgical peration or hospind
treatment is deferred for lack o
funds, with disastrous results to the
Hospitals favor the idea and ir>
many communities have joined in
setting up local plans. Their reason
for doing this is two-fold, because it
assures them of adequate payment
for room and board and other serv
ices, as well as protecting ahe insti
ed. For, after all. hospitals are
business institutions and must have
cash in settlement of their bills.
The purely local plan of hospital
ization, however, is practicable only
in large cities where local hospitals
and thousands of members can con
tribute to its support. People liv
ing in smaller cities, towns and
country districts must have a plan
that does not depend on the support
of any particular group of persons
or associated hospitals. They must
be able to use it at any hospital to
which illness or injury may confine
them and this need can be met besc
b van independent company which
permits people to make application
and pay their dues by mail, thus se
curing protection no matter whe-e
ahey may live.
The principal officers of the FED
ERAL lift: axd benefit vs
SOCIATION are among the pioneers
In the field of hospitalization insu
ance and they have policy-holders in
practically every State in the Union.
The FEDERAL hospitalization pol
icy provides HOSPITAL ROOM
AMINATIONS — maternity
SERVICE. All these liberal bene
fits are available for each member
in the family. The policy pays total
benefits up to $325.00 each year.
ouncement of its plan in this is3ue
of our paper and it includes a handy
coupon for persons desiring further
information. Anyone sending in the
cupon will receive full and complete
information, including rates for fam
ilies as well as individuals. The
cost of covering the whole family is
only a few cents a day. The inform
atlon wil lbe received by mail. No
agent will call. FEDERAL does not
employ agents to call on the public.
Its entire busines is carried on the
direct mail plan, thus eliminating
the expense of branch offices, sal
aries, agents' commisions and so
Any person between the ages of
12 months and 65 years is eligible.
Dependent children under 17 years
of age may be included in a family
group certificate. Children older
than 17 are required to carry indiv
ldua] policies. No medical examin
ation is required.
FIT ASSOCIATION is incorpora
in the State of Delaware. It oper
ates under the supervision of the
Delaware Insurance Department and
maintains reserves as required by
law to guarantee the payment of all
valid claims.
Every individual or family he-vl
may obtain full information by “er.i
ing the coupon in the advertisement
ton. Delaware.
When Chariey Barnet brings his
famous band to the Dreamland on
Wednesday, May 27th. he will fea
ture his two Negro Artists. Peanuts
Holland, trumpeter and Scat Vocal
ist and Jack Jarvis on bass.
Charley Barnet and his orches* -a
broke all existing records at the Ap
ol]a Theatre, famous all-Negro The
atre in Harlem .when 21 mount -1
police of the New York Police for^
were called out to literraly stop the
jitterbugs rioting outside the the
atre, where they were lined up for
three blocks.
When Barnet was ready to appear
in public for the first time with h;s
orchestra, he sought Duke Elling
tons criticism. Ellington offered
him a numebr of his priceless ar
rangements. a fact which Charlie
considers most important to his cur
rent success. In fact Barnet j,
known to thousands as the white