The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, February 07, 1942, City Edition, Image 1

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1809 — 1865 |
BUdd» r,,Sr^T Ntbr,,t‘ Omaha. Nebraska, Saturday, February 7, 1942 OUR 14th YEAR—No!^7 City Edition, 5c Copy
Nil Cf ' 1 T T 1 i I 1* • T1 /^V -\/T 1 c 1 C\ k NEGRO COMMITTEE NEEDED
orth Dide xTeaith L-iimic 1 o CJpen iVlonday February 9 FOR WAR EMERGENCY
fmmm———^^^—— -~ TA PAVC'i'D U ITU
Miss Rowena Jones and Miss
Eva Mae Stewart Will Greet
You At the Roosevelt Post No. 30
With the cooperation of the O
maha Health Department under
the leadership of Dr. A. S. Pinto
and the American Legion Post "No.
30, the northside of town will fin
ally have a much needed clinic.
This North Side Health Center to
be located in the Legion Building
at 24th and Burdette Streets will
treat the medically indigent mem
bers of the community for certain
basic public health problems, not
ably tuberculosis, vaccinations and
immunizations, and venereal dis
The clinic space was contributed
by the American Legion Post No.
30 and is furnished by the City
and State Health Departments. It
will be staffed by three physicians
a clinic nurse, as well as a VNA.
nurse. There will also be recept
ionists, two north side girls, M»ss
Eva Mae Stewart and Miss Row
ena Jones, supplied by the Nation
al Youth Administration. The
clinic is to be maintained under
the leadership of the Omaha Heal
th Department.
A mass blood test survey for the
entire community, free of charge,
will be held Monday evening, Feb.
*9, 7 to 9 p. m., Tuesday afternoon,
February 10, 1 to 3 p. m.f Thurs
day evening, Feb. 12, 7 to 9 p m.
and on Friday afternoon, Feb. 13
from 1 to 3 p. m. All north side
residents are strongly urged to
attend. A tuberculosis examinat
ion for the medically indigent will
be held every Tuesday evening
from 7 to 9 p. m., and immuniz
ation for diphtheria, and vaccin
ations for smallpox will be give:}
Saturday mornings, from 9 to 11
a. m.
Tulsa, Oklahoma—Three hund
red Negroes are employed at the
gunpowder plant at Choteau, near
here, and it is predicted that the
number will approach a thousand
within the next few days, accord-*
ing to the local NAACP, which is
responsible for opening of employ
ment opportunity to Negroes in
this area.
Amos T. Hall, president of the
branch .reports that the branch
had a call last week for 20 carpen
ters to work a tthe plant with sal
aries of approximately $100 per
week. The others, working as I
common laborers, draw about $40
a week. The branch also reported
that as a result of a conference in
Washington with Senator Elmer
Thomas of Oklahoma, it was suc
cessful in geting a requisition for
the opening of four shops to be
set up here to train Negroes to
work in national defense industr
The delegation to Washington
included Mr. Hall, Professor U. T.
A. West and Reverend William P.
Mitchell. The Tulsa branch was
also successful in November in get
ting Negro carpenters employed
ato the construction of the Doug
las Aircraft bomber plant here.
Chicago, Jan. 30, 1942—The Mo
bile, Alabama Central Trades
Council of the A. F of L. express
ed a forthright position on the Ne
gro in the following resolution
sent to M. P. Webster, First In
ternational Vice President of the
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Por
ters and member of the Presid
ent’s Fair Emploment Pratice
Committee. This resolution is all
the more important since it was
framed and adopted in Mobile, Al
abama. It reads as follows.—
ED, That the Central Trades Coun
cil go on record as being in full
accord and support of a training
program for Negro workers, in
order that their skill be best ap
plied to the servives of the Nation
in this time of crisis and that the
Council stand ready to offer its
personnel as instructors to the
end that they be trained by the
most highly skilled in the various
trades encompassed by the Def
ense Program; and
That this Council use every effort
within its means to eliminate any
discrimination which may exist to
ward any race, creed, color or per
son of national origin other than
American; and
That this Central Trades Council
do go on record as bitterly con
demning any wage differential
which may exist because of race,
creed, color or national origin and
that the Council will use all of its
good offices to see to it that col
ored workers doing the same type
of work as white workers obtain
the same compensation for their
efforts. To all of this the Central
Trades Council does subscribe and
intends to put into active effect
immediately the several Federal
Agencies having to do with train
Infantile Paralysis-unit Gets $40,000
New York, February 2 (ANP) —
—Basil O’Connor, president of the
National Foundation for Infantile
paralysis, paused long enough
from his tremendous job of direct
ing the “Mile of Dimes” campaign
as well as the President’s Birthday
Ball celebration, to announce that
the National Foundation for In
fantile Paralysis, which gave $175,
000 for the Infantile Paralysis unit
which was dedicated last year at
Tuskegee- was now giving $40,000
toward the maintenance of this
unit during 1942.
Mr. O’Connor was enthusiastic
over the response which Negroes
are making to the present cam
paign. He stated, “While we did
not make our contribution to the
Tuskegee unit in any sense de
pendent on the support which Ne
groes give to our annual fund
raising campaign, we are none the
less greatly pleased at the increas
ed response since this unit has
been in operation.”
The present capacity of the
Tuskegee hospital has been ex
ceeded during the past six months
to such a point that two additional
wards have been taken over in the
main hospital. The unit has been
successfully beyond all predictions
Miss Lulu Mae Boswell, one of the
head nurses, is now in Minneapolis
at Mayo Clinic on a scholarship
from the foundation. The Tuske
gee unit wil lbe among the first to
introduce the new Kinney treat
ment which has revolutionized the
care of infantile paralysis patients
since Sister Kinney, an Australian
nurse, has been demonstrating its
value in this country.
ing programs to chart the course.
This Resolution spread upon the
minute books of the Council as a
matter of record on this the 21st
day of January, 1942, and copies
sent to all parties affected as an
notated below.
F. O Jones, President,
Ida Lee Merchant, Secy.
Pittsburgh, Febr. 2 (ANP)— The
Carnegie Hero Fund commission
anounced at its 38th annual meet
ing here last Wednesday that out
of the 18 awards made for acts of
heroism, one went to a 21 year old
Negro soldier, Pvt. Arthur King,
Company C, Ninth Quartermas
ter regiment, Camp Lee, Peters
burg, Va., who saved Mrs. Ethel
C. Johnson, 21, of Pittsburgh from
drowning last year.
The report of the commission
states on last Sept. 21, Mrs. John
son pulled herself upon a bridge
railing, 43 feet above the Allegh
eny river and dropped into deep
water. King, observing her, re
moved his clothing, dived from the
railing and swam 1 Ofeet to Mrs.
Johnson who took hold of his
wrist. Supporting her with one
arm, King swam 265 feet to shal
low water. After the rescue, King
was fatigued, his nose bled slight
ly and his body was sore for a
Washington, Febr. 3 (ANP) —
Four Negro contractors, qualified
to get work from the government
n the vast program of building
now going on in the United States
are the only ones of a group of 12
originally contacted who qualified
under the rigid specifications set
up for the awarding of contracts.
All of them have had some part in
the building program.
The four are McKissack and Me
Kissack of Nashville, Massiah of
Philadelphia: Plato of Louisville
and Alexander of Des Moines.
The question was once raised a
bout the use of Negro contractors
on government projects and when
the PWA sent out questionnaires,
only four were available for work
and qualified.
Failure to Let American hegroes help In This “All-Out” Crisis...
• •• 5
Newbold Morris, President of
the Council of the City of New
York and a Trustee of Hampton
Institute, delivered the Founder’s
Day address at the Hampton (Vir
ginia) College for Negro studen'3
on Sunday morning, February 1st.
Mr. Morris, in speaking to the
trustees, faculty and students at
the Founder’ Day exercise stated:
"The only hope of survival for
democracies subjected to surprise
attack under modem conditions of
‘total’ war is in ‘total’ prepared
ness. When the lightning struck
at Pearl Harbor and then in the
Phillipines, we found ourselves
only part of the way toward the
goal of ‘total’ preparedness.
"Being taken by surprise is not
peculiar to America,’’ he continu
ed. "Democracies are at a disad
vantage, for the democratic pro
cess does not develop in men a de
sire to dominate the world by
force. They are not adequately
prepared even for effctive defense.
"In ordinary times of world
peace, we make mistakes, for we
follow a process of trial and er
ror. But, because of our recuper
ative vitality we can recover from
the effect of those mistakes. I
submit today that in this emerg
ency of unprecedented seriousness
we cannot afford to err again. One
tenth of our American population
is of the Negro race. In my op
inion, that improtaat cross sec
tion of our people must be mobil
ized to the fullest extent of its
capacity. The potential earning
power and purchasing power of the
Negroes of America have been ov
erlooked in peace time. Their ac
tual and potential industrial and
fighting power must not be left
out of our war effort. To over
look this factor in war time would
be a colossal blunder. Right now,
today, may be the last chance of
democracy for survival. Whether
the American Negro gets his
chance to contribute to the
strength of America today mav
very well mean the difference be
tween a lone war and a short war.
Let us hope that the projected
spring drives of the Axis powers
will not make the struggle so
close that the failure to enlist the
‘total’ strength of one-tenth of our
populaion would make the differ
ence between victory and defeat.
"The American Negro has nev
er been suspected of sabotage; his
loyalty to the United States has
never been questioned; his pass
ionate desire for service in peace
or in war, are only some of the
reasons why the minority of white
people who are striving to secure
real opportunity for the Negro is
constantly growing. They are the
reasons why the President of the
United States, the Governor of
New York State, the Mayor of N.
Y. City by words and official acts,
are attempting to broaden thn
scope of Negro participation in cun
economic life.”
Mr. Morns, in the course ot his
remarks, praised the administra
tion of Hampton under the presid
ency of Dr. McLean:
•In Dr. MacLean we have one of
the outstanding progressive educ
ators in the entire United States.
His farsighted leadership has plae
ed Hampton in the front line of
national defense. Hampton is now
graduating young men and wom
en fitted by training and charac
ter to take their places in the war
Every graduate from Hampton
ought to be able to find his or her
place in the gigantic program for
the safety, health and welfare of
all of our people. America has o
merged from adolescence. Prej
udice should not be allowed to
stand in the way of complete mat
1 urity and the full meaning of dem
TO OPEN “Green
For some time I have wanted
to operate a place where the young
er set of Omaha would be enter
tained with clean, wholesome fun
and good food to eat. Now the
time has come “The Green Lan
tern” is the place at 2116 North
24th St. Never before has Oma
ha offered anything of this kind.
Make the Green Lantern your
meeting place. A place wneie
mother and dad will approve of.
I wish to thank the public fir
their support in my present busi
ness, The Omaha Outfitting Co.,
and I also want you to know that
my untiring efforts to please you
in the past will be doubled in the
future. These two places “The
Green Lantern” and The Omaha
Outfitting Co., are yours-cine
in and see us.
For something new and differ
ent make "The Green Lantern”
your place of recreation CM and
young are welcome.
A reward of $5,000 for inform
ation leading to the speedy pun
ishment of those responsible for
the gruesome lynching of C'.eo
Wright in Sikeston, Missouri, on
January 25, was proposed today*
by the National Federation for
Constitutional Liberties. In a
wire to Governor Forrest Donnell,
of Missouri, George Marshall, vice
Chairman of the-Federation, com
mended the Governor’s denuncia
tion of the crime and suggested
the reward, towards which the
Federation itself pledged $500.
t-oinung out mac me lyncnmg
“too closely parallels events in
Nazi Germany and Hitler occupied
Europe”, the wire stated: “Only
by the swift punishment of tha
criminals responsible can the con
fidence of Negro America in Am
erican justice be fully restored
and the damage done to national
morale and national unity repair
“We commend your vigorous de
nunciation of this crime and hope
that it will be followed by equally
vigorous action”, the Federation’s
wire said. “The National Feder
ation for Constitutional Liberties
believes that an amount of not less
ocratic institutions. Management
and labor must recognize this fact.
The American people must recog
nize this fact. Dr. MacLean is
training young people for leader
ship an dnot to be detoured into
the kind of work where their skill
and training will be of no avail.
“We are fighting against a vile
Nazi doctrine of race superior
ity,” Mr, Morris further declared,
“Let us live what we are fighting
for and avoid the practice of any
(Continued on page ISPS)
The Supreme Court of Appeals
of Virginia, in a decision without
opinion, has denied the petition of
Odell Waller, Negro sharecrop-t
per of Gretna, Va., for a writ of
habeas corpus, which his attorn
eys had requested principally on
the grounds that the barring of
non-payers of poll taxes from jury
service in Virginia made his indict
ment and conviction unconstitu
tional under federal and state law
Waller has been sentenced to be
executed March 20 for the slaying
of his white landlord, Oscar Davis.
John F. Finerty, attorney for Wal
ler, has announced that an appeal
to the United States Supreme
Court would be made, thus plac
ing the poll tax isue before the
nation’s highest court. In ' the
meantime, a further stay of exe
cution will be sought from newly
elected Colgate W. Darden of Vir
According to Mr. Finerty, Wal
ler’s petition to the Virginia court
was based on sworn statements
showing that non-payers of poll
taxes are systematically barred
from grand and petit jury service
In Pittsylvania County, Virginia,
and probably throughout the state
and were so barred in Waller's
case. It also showed that Waller
himself was unable to pay poll
taxes. Waller wil lnow immediate
iy exercise his right to ask for
a writ of certiorari from the Su
preme Court of the United States
to review the denial of habeas
corpus, for which no grounds were
stated, by the Supreme Court of
The poll tax issue was raised
because Odell Waller, who shot his
farmer landlord in self defense in
a dispute over crop shares was
tried by a jury composed exclusi
ively of payers of Virginia’s $1 50
cumulative poll tax.
Professor Carl Raushenbush of
New York University, chairman of
the board of the Workers Defense
League, declared that a favorable
decision of the United States Su
preme Court on the Waller c&!:e
might "weaken the entire poll tax
system” and would at least move
toward "a democratic jury system
in the South.”
If Scheiderman Can Be Deprived of His Citizenship
Wendell L. Willkie in filing a.
brief with the United States Su
preme Court on the case of Will
iam Schneiderman this week stat
ed, “If Scheidnerman can be de
prived of his citizenship on the
basis of these imputed views the
citizenship of every naturalized
citizen in the United States is in
than $5,000 should be pledged as
a reward to any person or persons
furnishing information and evi
dence which will lead to the ar
rest, conviction, and punishment
of those responsible for the lynch
ing. The Federation hereby pledg
es the payment of $500 of such re
ward if other responsible organiz
ations or persons will pledge the
Mr. Marshall and Mr. A. J. Is
serman, Counsel for the Federat
ion, in a letter to Governor Don
nell, confirmed the wire and offer
ed to supplement the Federation’s
pledge of $500 by helping to raise
the required balace. They urged
the Governor to cooperate in this
State Senator Charles Diggs of
the Third District of Michigan,
commenting on the offer of a re
ward, said today: “As an elected
official of the state of Michigan,
I believe that in commending the
Federation for its action, I express
the sentiment of all patriotic peo
ple of America. The American
people recognize the crushing ef
fect on national unity and morale
of such crimes as this ruthless
lynching and will give their whole
hearted support to this effort to
bring toe Missouri lynch mob to
Maria Mills, who is 91 years old
stated in her testimony in Detroit,
Michigan, that her 73 year oM
husband was a woman chaser and
wanted a divorce They have been
separated fourteen months and the
judge granted her a divorce.
Brought to ths country by his j
parents when but three years of
age Scheidnerman grew up as any
American boy. At the age of
twelve he began selling newspap
ers and worked his way through
high school and two and one half
years of college. When twenty
one, Scheidnerman, after comply
ing with every naturalization law
became a citizen.
Twelve years after becoming a
citizen of the United States Att
orney General brought a civil suit
to cancel Scheidnerman’s citizen
ship. On June 12, 1940 Federal
Judge Michael Roche of San Fran
cisco ordered Scheiderman’s citiz
enship revoked. An appeal was
made and the findings of the low
er court were upheld. Willkiu
emphasized the fact that in these
hearings there was no evidence in
dicating that Scheiderman was not
a good citizen or that at any time
had he been “arrested or censur
ed by any law enforcement a
Scheiderman both before and af
ter becoming a citizen has been a
Communist. Willkie indicated
that this constitutes no bar to cit
izenship n contending, “Congress
alone can make active member
ship in the Communist Party of
America a bar to naturalization.
It has not done so.”
Terming the case “a vital test
of fundamental principles of civil
liberties,” Willkie declares the
lower court decisions, "constitute
a drastic abridgement of freedom
of political belief and thought, of
free speech and freedom of the
press.... in every respect contrary
to the fundamental concepts of
freedom of thought and impartial
justice, upon which the very basis
of our Constitutional democratic
form of government rests.”
“Free institutions,” the brief
maintains, “can only be preserved
by the free expression of popular
will. They will perish from total
itarian methods. Their danger
lies in repression and in insidious
and unseen attacks rather than in
open advocacy of change by con
stitutional methods.”
Special from the Dept, of Adult
Education: Invites you to a spec
ial Negro History Program Mon
day, February 9, 8 o’clock at the
Urban League.
The program will consist of a re
view of the Negroes’ contribution
to American life, minic and a mo
Admission free.
—by Robert L. Moody—
The seventeenth annual cele
bration of Negro History will be
the week of February 8-15, 1942.
This date covers the birthdays of
Abraham Lincoln and Frederick
Douglas and it is used because
these men are to be remembered
as advocates of freedom for the
Africa is regarded as the home
of the Negro. Little is known a
bout Africa and the origin of its
people because “Africa, with few
harbors and navigable rivers run
ning into the sea, did not permit
the coming and going of people as
easily as elsewhere; but there was
sufficient movement of the peo
ple to claim our attention. “—1
Asiatics were the first to make
contacts witfe the Africans. Much
that Europeans learned came from
the contact of Christian Crusaders
with the highly civilized Arabs in
Asia. Africans were the first to
learn how to smelt iron. Egypt
and Abyssinia were the first coun
tries to make contact with Asia.
The first people of these two coun
tries were Negroes.
“The Negro probably acquired
his dark skin in the tropical reg
ions of the Old World, where the
intensity of the heat and glare
made it necessary for him to pro
tect himself by developing a thick
pigmentation of skin.” 2
The Negroes that were brought
to America as slaves came from
Central and West Africa. They
came from the region as far north
as the Senegal River and as far
south as the Congo River. The
center of the colonial slave trade
was the African coast for about
two hundred miles east of the
great Niger River. From this
comparatively small region came
as many slaves as from all the
rest of Africa, altogether. Many
of them were of entirely different
stock”. 3
The story of life on the slave
ship is very sad. These poor peo
ple were tricked on board slave
vessels by being offered gay cloth,
cheap ornaments and whiskey.
Sometimes they were captured and
forced to go on these ships. They
were chained together two by two
and were kept in low, dark and
crowded cabins. Many died from
diseases which were the result of
half rotten or poorly cooked food,
lack of eribugh water or injuries
received as punishment for rebel
lion. Some jumped overboard and
others became hysterical or insane
“On deck they were forced to
dance by lash and also they were,
forced to sing. Thus were bom
the sorrow songs, the last cry of
those who saw their homeland
vanish behind them—forever.” 4
There were many * Negroes in
Spain by 1492, therefore it is be
lieved to be accurately stated that
Negroes were with Columbus on
his voyages. Pedro Alonzo Nino,
a Negro pilot with Columbus on.
his third voyage in 1496. It was
about 1526 that Negroes were first
introduced within the present lim
its of the United States. These
were brought by the Spanish. Es
tevanico was one of the four sur
vivors of the ill-fated expedition
of DeNarvaez.
(to be continued next week)
I » V Vi. ^ JL T » M. M. M.M.
A. Philip Randolph ^
Chicago, Jan. 30, 1942—"The
Fort Bragg military killing; the
racial military riot in Alexandria,
Lousiana in which Negro soldiers
were shot by white military and
civilian police; the outrageous and
wide spread dicriminations a
gainst Negro workers in govern
ment departments and defense in
dustries; and the horrible lynch
ing of a Negro, Cleo Wright, at
Sikeston, Missouri create a state
of inter-and intra-racial temper
that is definitely unhealthy and
threatening from both the point of
view of the Negro people and the
Government and requires funda
mental action,” says A. Philip
Randolph, International President
of the Brotherhood of Sleeping
Car Porters and National Direct
or of the March on Washington
"Action in behalf of the Negro
should not only be curative but al
so prophlactic. Because of the
confused and chaotic manner in
which questions relating to Ne
groes are approached by the Gov
ernment, there is ample reason to
believe that riots, lynchings and
discriminations affecting Negroes
in miltary and civilian life will
increase during the war,” states
the Labor Leader Randolph. "If
the Negro people and the Govern
ment do not move to plan the a
doption of policies and machinery
that can effectively grapple with
these wild outbursts of racial hat
red and studied forms of discrim
inations the forces of racial prej
udice will soon get entirely out of
hand." further observed Randolph
in the mid-western headquarters
of the Brotherhood.
To the end of meeting this dan
gerous situation, Randolph sug
gests that President Roosevelt set
up a small representative Negro
Citizens’ Committee, which is non
paid, to advise and consult with
him personally at various times on
matters concerning the integrat
ion and equal participation of
Negroes in war industries, the
armed forces, including the Navy,
Air Corps, Marine, Army and the
various war agencies and depart
ments of the Government, and on
matters of legislation and execu
tive orders that may make for tha
safeguarding of the Negro’s con
stitutional rights so as to give
them a feeling that they have
something to fight for in the pres
ent war.
“Such a Committee would fol
low in pattern and purpose the
Labor Committee of the A, F. of
L. and CIO. the President recently
established to confer with him on
problems affecting labor,” con
cluded Randolph.
Sergeant Philip Letcher, 3005
North 30th Street, age 83 years,
died Saturday January 31 at a lo
cal hospital. Sergeant Letcher
had been a resident of Omaha for
forty years. He enlisted in 1379
Troop F—7th Calvary and spent
27 years in the United States
Army. After retirement he wa.s
employed in the Postal Service for
23 years. He became affiliated
with the Episcopal Church a num
ber of years ago and was a thirty
second degree Mason.
He is survived by his wife Mrs.
Tillie Letcher, Funeral services
were held Wednesday afternoon
from The Thomas Mortuary with
Rev. C. C. Reynolds and Rev. J.
E Blackmore officiating. Burial
Prospect Hill Cemetery.
Mr. Foster Nelson, real estate
broker of 2601 Wirt St., died.
He was well known locally and
in the real estate business. He
leaves to mourn his loss his wl low
Mrs. Nelson, children, Dorothy
Abner, Dora, Katherine,,
Foster, Leonard, Eddie, Ed jar,
Freddie, Richard, Lonnie, and
Jackie and a host of other relativ
es and friends.