The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, January 03, 1942, City Edition, Image 1

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    GOOD
READING
s. Tp e
GUIDE
gc / JUSTICE/1 EQUALITY WOTHEUN^
at your
Drugstore largest accredited negro newspaper west of Chicago and north of criT —member of the associated negro press
N,b,"t*’Omaha, Nebraska, Saturday, January 3,1942 OUR 14th YEAR—Nt». 42 City Edition, 5c Copy
OFFICER OF CHURCH LOCKS MINISTER OCT
*-• " ~ ~~ ” “ .. ~ 1 -1 ~ " ^""""""^ Rpv 53 VC ’NTirhnlua ctor nf tho
Wake Up, Americans!
Wake up, Ameri
cans!
Make America’s
answer roar out
over the world.
Every citizen must
back the United States Army
and Navy to victory—back them
with work and money.
Do your part: Buy United
States Defense Bonds and
Stamps at your post office, bank,
or savings and loan association.
Get Defense Stamps at your re
tail store or from the carrier boy
of this newspaper.
NAACP
REPORTS 5
LYNCHINGS
Tuskegee Reports Four
NAACP SEES NEW LYNCHING
TECHNIQUE IN COURTROOM
Killings; reports five
KNOWN LYNCHINGS FOR ’41
New York—Five known lynch
ings and two fatal attacks on Ne
groes in Texas courtrooms mark
ed the United States record of
mob violence for 1941, the NAA
CP announced thic week. *
The NAACP sees the beginning
of a new lynching technique in
the killing of Bob White in a court
room at Conroe, Texas, and of
Mott Flournoy in a Lufkin, Texas
court by allegedly aggrieved hus
bands of so-called rape victims.
Bob White was shot by W. S.
Cochrane, wealthy Texas land
owner, June 10, when White was
on trial for his life for the thirl
time. Flournoy was stabbed in
the chest by Roy Morehouse,
November 23.
Other known lynchings record
ed by the NAACP in conjunction,
with Tuskegee Institute, Ala., oc
curred at Fort Benning, Ga; Quin
cy, Fla.; Blakely, Ga., Georgetown.
S. C., and in Gaston County near
Cherryville, N. C.
In Georgetown, S. C., five
white youths were found guilty by
a coroner's jury for killing Bruce
Tisdale, a local mill worker after
a fight. The verdict was report
ed February 22.
On April 3, Private Felix Hall,
a colored volunteer was found
hanging to a tree, clad in the uni
form of the U. S. Army, in a
wooded section of Fort Benning^
The NAACP an dthe Negro press
demanded investigation and pun
ishment of the guilty persons, but
the last report of any action was
early in May when the War Dep
artment was said to have been'
making an investigation. Therq
has been no report of the results
of the “investigation.”
The mob rode m Gaston County
N. C., April 13, when Robert Walts,
-er was shot to death in his horns
by four men affer an altercation
with a white man.
Three white fellow employes of
Robert Sapp, a mechanic's helper
in Blakely, Fla., took him a short
distance out of town and beat him
with a club and a heavy piece of
machine belting. On May 12, he
died from “pneumonia.” Sapp
was charged with having stolen
money fonm the safe of his em
ployers.
On May 13, A. C. Williams, 22,
of Quincy, Fia., was found dead on
a creek bridge, his body riddled
with bullets from a band of mask
ed men. Williams had been ar
rested for an alleged attempted as
-sault on a 12 year old white girl.
The New York Times, May 14,
reported that four masked men
armed with pistols took Williams
from the country jail after com
pelling Dan Davis, an officer, to
open the cell doors.
• • •
FOUR LYNCHING IN 1941
Dear Sir:
I send you the following infor
mation concerning lynchings for
S DAUGHTER
m ‘Common-Law’ Husband Found
l Unconscious On The Floor
i p ■ I, ♦♦
Waiters* Union Local No. 732 Ousts Exec.-Secy
* « « u
Mrs. Jones 2414 North 21st1
went to her daughter's room Fri
day morning at 9:00 and after an
exhaustive effort to arouse some
one within, she called the fire de
partment. When the firemen ar
rived on the scene they broke in
the door and found the gas heat
er in full flame and the room so
hot until the door knob could not
be touched by hand. On the beci,
they found Miss Stevens, daughter
of Mrs. Jones, dead and on the
floor lay her common-in-law hus
band Ventora Hazelton, uncon
scious from lack of oxygen in the
room. He was immediately rush
ed to a local hospital" for care and
is now at home completely recov
ered.
Mrs. Jones, the mother of the
deceased girl, called the Omaha
Guide and stated to Mr. C. C. Gal
loway, acting editor, that it was
rumored about town, that tne
children had attempted suicide.
This she said is absolutely untrue
and she wants their friends aud
acquaintances to know the truth.
She said that the cause of her dau
ghter’s death, was explained when
the firemen found the gas stove
in the room, in full flame and that
due to the smallness of the room
the flame from the stove had used,
up all the oxygen in the room and
had caused the unfortunate acci
dent.
the year 1941. I find, according,
to the reports compiled in the De
partment of Records and Research
there were 4 persons lynched in
1941. This is 1 less than the num
her 5 for the year 1940, 1 more
thaa the number 3 for the year
1939, 2 less than the number 6 for
the year 1938, and 4 less than the
number 8 for the year 1937. Ore
of the persons lynched was taken
from the jail.
There were 19 reports of inst
ances in which officers of the law
prevented lynchings. One of the
reported instances was in a nor
thern astte and 18 of the reported
instances were in southern states.
In 18 instances, persons were re
moved or guards augmented or
other precautions taken. In 1
case, armed force was used. A
total number of 21 persons—1
white man and 20 Negro men—
were thus saved from the hands
of mobs.
All persons lynched were Ne
groes. The offenses charged were
Attempted rape, 1; suspected of
stealing, 1; altercation with white
man, 1; working on job from
which whites had been discharged,
1.
The states in which lynchings
occurred and the number in each
state are as follows: Florida, l
Georgia, 1; North Carolina, 1; So.
Carolina, 1.
F. D. Patterson, President
Tuskegee Institute
GET CLERKS JOBS IN
BOMBER PLANT
Six men have been placed as
clerks in the stock room of the
Martin Bomber plant at Fort
Crook, Nebraska. Those employ
ed are Charles Gibson, James
White, Coleman Davis, Andrew
Johnson, Clifford Blackburn and
Foch Allen.
Are You Ready For Work?
APPOINTED JUDGE
Patrick B. Prescott, Jr., noted
attorney and Republican leader,
who has been appointed a judge in
the municipal court of Chicago by
Gov. Dwight H.' Green of Illinois,
whose election Mr. Prescott ardent
ly supported last year...Judge
Prescott, second Negro in Chicago
history to sit on the bench, w:ll
fill out the unexpired term of
Judge Edward C. Sheffler, which
has another year to run. (ANP
Photo).
JOE AIN’T
SLIPPING .
Says Sparmate, George
Nicholson
New York (C)_Big George
Nicholson can never travel the
Glory road but as the Sparring
partner of Joe Louis since ’37
when Joe won the title from Brad
dock, Big George can take trem
endous pride in helping to devel
op one of the greatest fighting
machines the ring has ever seen.
Thus, anybody ought to know the
power of Joe’s fists it ought to
be Big George.
“Do I think Joe is slipping?
That he is passed his peak ? mus
ed Big George as he dived into a
huge steak just before climbing
into the ring for a workout wita
Joe.
“Well, just yea and no. I know
Joe ain’t as mean as he used to
be. But he is a much smarter
fighter, And don’t let nobody tell
you Joe ain’t wisened up since he
won the title,” Big George stated,
“Buddy Baer is gonna learn that
January 9th. Buddy went six
rounds with Joe last summer. But
he ain’t gonna go no six rounds a
gain. I ain’t exactly flush with
saving bonds but I’ll bet what I
got Joe gets to him quicker this
time. Joe used to be mighty
mean. You couldn’t do nothing
with him before that second Schm
eling fight. And he was mignty
ornery before he met Billy Conn.
Billy got under Joe’s skin wi'h
some of them remarks he made.
And I knewed Billy was in for
trouble. I think that was the
main reason Joe took 13 rounds to
bust Billy. He wasn't taking no
chances of missing, once he went
for an opening.
“I knowed Joe wasn’t worrying
much about Nova. He laughed
and kidded too much.” That Cos
mic Punch of Nova’s. I still get
a laugh out of that myself. Nich
olson, a shrewd judge of a fight
er doesn’t think any man will a
gain reach the peak that Louis
did when he slaughtered Schmei
ing in less than a round on June
22, 1938. Louis has become at
tached to his hero worshipping
sparmate. Only occasionally does
he become vicious with Big George
Sparring partners, even though
they are hungry, hesitate to take
a job in Joe’s camp. They are
well paid, well fed, but sometimes
the newcomers are also too mal
treated by the boss when the
mood is on him.
Big George is proud of his oc
cupation. He’s an artist in his
line; he must be to have escaped
permanent injury in such a dan
gerous trade.
NAACP ASKS DISTINGUISHED
SERVICE CROSS FOR COLOR
ED AT PEARL HARBOR
New York—Declaring that the
heroism of the colored mess atten
dant who manned a machine gun
against Japanese planes at Pearl
Harbor merits special attention,
the National Association for the
Advancemen of Colored PeQplq
submitted to President Roosevelt
last week a suggestion that the
attendant be given the distinguish
ed service cross “or some other of
ficial recognition.’’
The NAACP pointed out that,
his heroism is especially noteable
in view of the fact that Negro vol
unteers are accepted only as mess
attendants by the U. S. Navy and
given no training as gunners or
anything else.
The account of the colored man’s
heroism first appeared in an offic
ial report which directly quoted a
commanding naval officer. The
report did not name the man, r.or
did it say whether he survived or
went down with the ship. If he
The Omaha Urban League re
ports that the Nebraska State
Employment Service and the local,
VVPA office have found the num
ber of colored applicants seeking
work or defense training courses
losing out because they have no
birth record. This has in more*
than one instance blocked their
opportunity for acceptance in
these openings. An example was
given of three colored women who
had been referred to the Glenn
Martin Company for a job. One
met all of the qualifications and
would have been hired but she had
no documentary proof of birth.
We are urging you who are seek
ing employment in any industry
to obtain now this proof of birth
so that it will be on hand when it
is needed. Most ad of the defense
industries are now requesting this
information before accepting em
nloyees in government jobs.
Because a good many Negro
workers come from rural areas
where birth records are not kept
does not mean that this proof is
not obtainable. Sometimes a stat
ement from your election commis
sioner or some other official will
be positive enough proof. Some
times an affidavitt signed by lel
atives, ministers or other profes
sional people will be sufficient. It
is well now that all of us seeking
work obtain this information in or
der that we can remove any barr
ier that might exist in the way of
our future employment. If you
have difficulty in getting this in
formation and need assistance, this
newspaper or the Omaha Urban
League will be glad to assist you.
did not survive, the NAACP has
suggested that honors be accord
ed him posthumorously.
Because of the Navy’s jim crow
policy, the NAACP said this vol
unteer and other Negroes “go in
to situations of extreme danger in
a far more vulnerable manner be- j
cause they have been denied the
Opportunity to learn how to oper
ate guns and other weapons of de
fense and offense.”
APPOINT NEGRO TO WAR
LABOR BOARD, NAACP
ASKS PRESIDENT
New York... .Appointment of
“at least one” competent Negro to
the War Labor Board which will
handle labor dispues for the dur
ation of the war has been request
ed of President Roosevelt by fhe
NAACP, it was learned this ween.
With respect to the other mem
bers of the board he NAACP said:
“May we further suggest that all
care be taken to avoid the select-,
ion of any representative of labor,
who either through his personal
record or through affiliation with,
a labor organization which bars
person from membership because
of race, creed, color or national or
igin, would be likely to be biased,
in his attitude.
“We believe that the appoint
ment of a board, free from racial
or other prejudices and one which
includes at least one representa
tive of the 13 million American
citizens who constitute one tenth
of the national population is im
perative to insure an unbiased
and effective functioning of the
• V V
WILLIAM A. DAVIS, TAKES
OVER OUSTED FINANCIAL
SEC RET ARY-BUS IN ESS
AGENT’S SEAT
The following are the newly
elected officers of the Omaha Wai
ters local Number 732, for the
year of 1942.
President, Gerald McKinley;
Vice President, Herbert Mayberry;
Financial Secretary, Business A
gent, William A. Davis; Recording;
Secretary, Margaret Starks; Treas
urer, S. Thomas Phillips; Chaplain,
Andrew Johnson; Inspector Jam
es Calloway; Inside Guard, Charli
es Moore; Outside Guard, William
B. Carr; Trustees, Edward P.
Buford, Gordon Hopkins, C. C.
Foster; Delegates to Local Joint
Execeutive Board, Andrew John-*
son, Gordon Hopkins, George Lit
mon.
War Labor Board,” the NAAOP
stated.
PAYROLL ALLOTMENT PLAN
FOR TUSKEGEE FACULTY
Washington, D. C.—Unanimous
endorsement of the payroll allot
ment plan for the purchase of De
fense Savings Bonds and Stamps
has been voted by the entire fac
ulty of Tuskegee Institute, it has
been reported to th Treasury De
partment. By its action, taken at
a special meeting called by Presi
dent Frederick Douglas Patterson,
Tuskegee becomes one of the first
colleges to enroll its whole facul
ty in support of the National Dc
fense Savings Program.
The resolution, endorsing ’he
payroll allotment plan of purchase
was adopted after Jesse O. Thom- ,
as, Staff Assistant, Defense Sav
ings Staff, had outlined plans of
the Treasury Department for the
sale of Bonds and Stamps to all
citizens of the nation.
Dr. Patterson, a member of the
Alabama Defense Savings Comm
ittee and Chairman of the Negm
Division, appointed a committee
of foud faculty members and one
student to facilitate sale of Bonds
and Stamps on the campus of
Tuskegee. He expressed hope j
that Tuskegee’s example will be j
followed by other educational t
institutions.
I
ATLANTA THREATENS TO
FIRE TEACHERS SUING FOR
EQUAL PAY
NAACP Says Teachers Will Tako
Court In Spite of Threat To Jobs'
Atlanta,' Ga.,..A threat to fire
colored teachers who atempt to
sue the city of Atlanta for salar
ies equal with those of whites is
implied in an opinion rendered by
city attorney J. C. Savage, last
week, the NAACP has announced.
At the request of the Atlanta
board of education. Savage wrote,
the opinion on a petition filed by
William H. Reeves, local Negro1
teacher, for salary equalization. !
He stated that he thinks the
petition is without merit and ad
vised he board of education that
it is “authorized to discharge any
permanent teacher for the good of
the service to be finally and ex
clusivly determined by the board”
A. T. Walden, local counsel in
the Atlanta case, in cooperation
with the NAACP special counsel,
Thurgood Marshall, indicated that
the Citizens’ Committee which is
sponsoring the case, is interested
only in whether or not the board of
Church of the Living God, was
locked out of his church when Mr.
Arthur Henderson, deacon in the
church, bought a lock and locked
the church. Mr. Henderson said,
“A pastor must be able to preach>
and not want money for every
thing he does.” Certain members
agreed with him. A member said
to the Omaha Guide worker, quote
_.“We wants a pastor who can
preach and one that will serve
God.”
Rev. S. K. Nichols is now hold
ing church at 2426 Erskine until
Mr. Henderson decides to open the
Church doors.
Brotherhood Wins Over
Two- and A Half Million
Dollars Pay Increase
For Pullman Porters
FLAT $24 INCREASE IN WAG
ES FOR' PULLMAN PORTERS,
MAIDS, ATTENDANTS AND
BUS BOYS WITH 3 MONTHS
BACK PAY AT $21.60 PER MO.
Train Porters Receive $22.80 Fiat I
Increase Per Month With Seven
and a Half Percent Back Pay
NEW YORK CITY—In the in
ternational offices of the Brother
hood of Sleeping Car Porters in
New York City, A. Philip Rand
olph, International President, an
nounced that the Organization
had signed an agreement with the
Pullman Company for an increase
in pay of ten cents a hour or twen
ty four dollars a month.
This will represent an increase
of over two million dollars for the
Pullman Porters, Maids, Attenu
ants, and Bus Boys in the Pull
man service. This group of work
ers will also receive $21.60 a mon
th for three months of back pay
extending from September to Pec
ember 1st, observed Mr. Randolph.
Wage increases were also se
cured by the Brotherhood for train
porters who are members of the
Organization, representing $22.80
per month with 7 1-2 percent pack
pay extending from September 1,
to December 1st.
The head of the Porter’s Organic
ation pointed out that various car
riers with which the Brotherhood
holds contracts are being signe-Jup
rather rapidly for increases in pay
ranging from ten cents for the
non-operating group, including
chair car, parlor car, coach and
buffet porters, with the back pay
of nine cents an hour; and also in
cluding train porters in the oper
ating group at ine and one half
cents wage increase with the sev
en and one half percent back pay
of a three month period.
It is estimated that the increase
for the members of the Brother
hood of Sleeping Car Porters will
run much above two and a half
million dollars, stated Randolph.
Mr. Randolph points to this not
able achievement of collective bar
gaining for colored workers by the
Brotherhood as indicative of a
new era in the economic life of
Negro workers in America.
APPEALS TO FDR, CONGRESS
TO PRESERVE NYA, CCC, FSA.
New York_.In an effort to
prevent the abolition of the Na
tional Youth Administration, Civ
ilian Conservation Corps, national
defense training activities of the
Office of Education, Farm Tenant
Program and the Federal Secur
ities Administration, the NAACP.
has appealed to President Roose
velt and members of Congress
this week to “guard against so
called economies which may be
penny wise and pound foolish.”
■ The Joint Congressional Comm
ittee on Non Defense Expenditure
recommended abolition of all these
agencies in its first report Decern- '
ber 26.
The NAACP pointed out that
Negroes will be hardest hit if these
agencies no longer operate. It
cited the assertions of government
and other employment agencies
that thousands will be employed;
between now and next June due to
priorities and a shift fpom peace
time industrial economy.
The NAACP urges every inter
ested person to write immediately
to his congressman urging that
these agencies not be abolished at
this time.
education is adopting the opinion j
of the city attorney as its official i
reaction to the petition.
Attorney Walden said that ac
cording ao plan, “we should file
action as soon as a definite and
final answer is received from the
beard of tducation.”
mirirn
WHERE TO GO TO
CHURCH
SUNDAY
(See page four)
> 8AYS AME. ZION EDITOR;
UNITING OUR PEOPLE IN
DEFENSE OF WORLD FREE
DOM—
• • •
Washington, D. C.During
1942 the Negro church in America
—regardless of denomination, will
unite to perform the most imports
ant task in its 150 years old his
tory, that of forging “a spiritual
unity among our people” that will
enable “the Negro, together with
other groups, to give his all to the
cause of helping to unite our coun
try behind the President and our
government for winning the war.”
This will be the keynote of a
New Year’s message which will
appear as a special editorial in the
January, 1942 issue of “The Miss
ionary Seer”, official organ of the
African Methodist Episcopal
Zion Church’s department of dom
estic and foreign missions.
For forty years the magazine
has been published by the denom
ination, whose 500,000 members
worship in various parts of the
United States, Liberia, the East
and Wrest Gold Coasts and Nig
eria, in Africa and in South Am
erica.
The editorial will point out that
the issue is clear, “_on the one
hand the fight of democracy,
whose banner is held aloft by Am
erica, Britain, China, Ethiopia and
Russia, and on the other hand the
fight of fascism, whose bloody
banner is held aloft by the Hiller
dominated Axis powers, Germany,
Italy,, Japan and the other satel
lites of fascism.
The editorial will declare that
“out of this united strength will
come an America strong enough to
crush and destroy Hitler and his
partners in slavery”, because the
church of the American Negro
people during the coming year..
“will march in full regalia doing
battle in the name of Jesus Christ,
for the preservation and freedom
of all mankind.”
The text of the New Year’s mes
sage was made public here today
by Dr. H. T. Medford, secretary
treasurer of the denomination’s
foreign mission department and
editor of the publication. The
complete text of the editorial fol
lows:
“As we stand on the threshold of
1942, it will be of tremendous prof
it to all of us Negro people, who
are a part of that great spiritual
body, the church—no matter what
our denomination—to grasp fa’.iy
the idea that the Negro church
during the coming year has the
most important task to perform in
all its 150 years history.
“That task is to exert our every
energy, wherever we may be, to
help forge a spiritual unity among1
our people that will actively piny*
its full part in the defense of our
land, our homes, our right to wor
ship as we please, indeed, our very
lives.
"For America is faced with ex
tinction as a free nation, unless
the Negro, together with other
groups, gives his all to the cause*
o fhelping to unite our country be
hind the President and our Gov
ernment for winning the war.
“In the name of our great pio
neers in the Negro church, we will
pledge our spiritual and physical
strength in the defense of our couu
try at this grave hour. We shall
do this freely, wholeheartedly, con
scious of the fact that in so doing
we are uniting to preserve oursel
ves as a people, as well as the
whole American people.
“No matter on how many fronts
this war is fought, it is still, on the
one hand the fight of democracy,
whose banner is held aloft by Am
erica, Britain, China, Ethiopia and
Russia; and on the other hand, the
fight of fascism, whose bloody
banner is held aloft by the Hitler
dominated Axis powers: Germany,
Italy, Japan and the other satel
lites of fascism.
“In the face of such danger, tire
Negro church can echo the hymn,
“The Church’s one Foundation is
Jesus Christ Our Lord”, with a
meaning never revealed to us be
fore. For if we are truly cons
cious of the fact that this is one.
war, we can know full well that
our church will stand bodly in the
front of the fight for democracy.
“Out of the bosom of this great
Negro institution will come the
spiritual unity which will give
courage and strength to our men
in every unit of the armed force3,
our women and youth who will
man the defense factory machines
in greater numbers than ever be
fore, our workers who plough the
fields and mine the coal, and fin
ally to that great body of people
who will protect our homes, aid
fContmued on pagt|5P4)
UNION CHURCH SERVICES
WILL BEGIN FOR THE
SEASON AT THE HILL
S I D E PRESBYTERIAN
CHURCH THIS SUNDAV
JAN. 4, AT 8 P. M. REV.
WILLIAMS OF ZION BAPT.
CHURCH WILL PREACH.
All Our Welcome—Let’s Get
United.