The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, November 08, 1941, City Edition, Image 1
GOOD < READING * Ti* r OMAHA ■ jB*- ■ F* 6UIDE ^ - -m- -- 5C /JUSTICE/ EQUALITY HEW TO THEIINE\ at your Drugstore largest accredited negro newspaper west of Chicago and north of Kansas city —member of the associated negro press Under Act of March 8, 1874—Bnsiness Phore; WE.*i sh**’ Nebraska, Qmaha> Nebraska, Saturday, November 8,1941 OUR 14th YEAR-No. 34 City Edition, 5c Copy ARMISTICE DAY (by Ruth Taylor) Solemnly and reverently we gather together this Armistice Day, 1941 to pay honor to those who died in the last World War in defense of the free dom which we all hold so dear. We mourn those who have gone—but at the same time we recognize that there are worse things than death. Death is but one more tomorrow' and for those to whom faith is given, it holds no terror. We can, and we have, as a people, faced death that others might live. Now we must face life that all may live—a life changed from our ambitions, plans burdened with hardships and sacrifice, darkened perhaps by war and its at tendant horrors. To hate war is right. To fear war is understand able. But to avoid war by denial of our principles because of the hatred and fear is wrong. We must fight evil wherever it ex ists. A decade and more be fore the Civil War, Low ell wrote his “Stanzas on Freedom” which was the rallying cry against Slav ery. Today it should a gain be the rallying cry for those who are against the new slavery let loose in the world. “They are slaves who fear to speak For the fallen and the weak; They are slaves who will not choose Hatred, scoffing and abuse Rather than in silence shrink From the truth they needs must think; They are slaves who dare not be In the right with two or three.” The freedom that is ours must be paid for by each and every one of us. In complete though our dem ocracy may be, it offers more to each succeeding generation than any other form of government ever has bestowed. What its future is depends on the individuals who comprise it. Its preservation may cost us much—but we know that he win faces death bravely for another, finds life eternal. WHERE TO GO TO CHURCH SUNDAY (See Page Three) I REGISTER FOR DEFENSE JOB 0 TRAINING CLASSES 0 It is of the greatest importance Q that colored men and women and 0 young people who wish employment in 0 defense industries secure the necess- X ary training in classes which have Q been established. Q This newspaper urges you to reg' 0 ister for defense training classes of X the NYA, WPA, or local vocational X schools; also in training classes at in' Q dustrial plants. Register Today! 0 farmer Given Life Sentence FOR BRUTAL MURDER OF HIS WIFE Thomas Farmer, 40, employe of Cudahy Packing Co., for 11 years, who killed his wife, the former Miss Emma Parker, a resident of South Omaha, pleaded guilty to second degree murder on Nov. 4th and was given life imprisonment by Judge Sears He was repres ented by Atty. John Adams Sr. His attorney claimed self-defense and asked for a lesser sentence than life. The prosecltor was A A. Fiedler and he recommended life. The killing occurred on 16th and Dodge St., in front of the Neville Hotel, where she worked as a maid, August 11, 1941. “This was a ruthless crime’"— commented the judge, who critic ized the county attorney’s office with the statement that he believed the case should have gone to trial since that charge must be tried be fore a jury, with no guilty plea permissable ALL SHELLS ACCOUNTED FOR AS M ANIAC KILLS ENTIRE FAMILY Monday morning Nov. 3, Pe"cy Green, Tucson, Mississippi bought seven abet gun shells and Monday night all shells were accounted for. Percy Green killed his wife, his mother-in-law and his wife's grandmother and grandfather. With the fifth bullet he shot ar himself and missed, but with the sixth bullet he shot himself in the head, thus killing hisself Out of seven shell, there is only one shell left. All shells are accounted for. JIM CROW OFFICERS SCHOOL NOT BEFORE WAR DEPARTMENT New York—The purported re quest for segregated Army off icer’s training schools “is not of ficially before the War Depart ment or discussion or otherwise,” the NAACP was informed last week by Major General E. L. Ad ams of the Adjutant General’s of fice News of the request was broad cast by Fulton Lewis, Jr, Wash ington news commentator for the Mutual Broadcasting System, Oct ober 20. His assistant told the NAACP that the information came from Edgar G- Brown, head of the United Government Employes. Brown and others are said to have asked for the separate training schools i nan “official letter to the president”. Last week 50 Negro leaders signed a statement to the chief executive repudiating the request, fn addition to those whose names were published last week are Mrs. S. W- Layten, Philadelphia. Pa. president of the Women’s Auxil iary Convention to the National Baptist Convention; Judge Myles Paige of the Court of Special Ses sions, New York City, and George N. White, secretary of the Home Missions of the Corngegationil church AUTOMOBILE WORK ERS UNION URGES DEFENSE PROGRAM EXPANSION TO INCLUDE COLORED Cleveland, Nov. 5 (ANP) Meet ing last week with representatives of OPM., the United Automobile Workers of America, AFL, urged the expansion of national defense program in a training program to include both colored and white wor kers who were laid off or who may be laid off because of defense pri orities. Headed by Elmer Davis, director of the UAWA and Frank Evans, international executive board members, the plea of the un ion was registered in an effort to afford all workers an opportunity to participate in the training pro gram so that they would be quali fied to enter defense plants upon curtailment of civilian work Efforts of certain organizations urging the establishment of separ ate traning schools for Negroes only were frowned upon by the union. Holding that this action would only tend to create a class distinction among workers and les sen opportunities becouse of lim ited facilites of the training pro gram, the union asked that there be only one program for all workers interested in training for defense Work. NEGRO CONTRACTORS MAKE PROGRESS ON HOGE PROJECTS PROVES THAT NO MISTAKE WAS MADE IN GIVING CONTRACT TO NEGRO FIRM; ALSO PROVES THAT WHITES AND BLACKS CAN WORK TOGETHER IN HARMONY Home of 99th Pursuit Squ adron Nears Completion GIGANIC PROJECT; CIVILIAN ARMY TRAINING FIELD ALSO NEARS COMPLETION Tuskegee, Nov. 4 (by Albert An derson for ANP)—There could scarcely be a more inspiring sight for one who wfas interested ‘-n a demonstration of the abilities of Negroes in the field of construct ion, than to observe the progress of the two airports being erected here at Tuskegee, each of which is being built by Negro contractors and their crews. Both are being developed incid ent to the training of the 99th Pur suit squadron, the all-Negro group of flying cadets. This group is already in trainng at the Civilian Army Training field, almost com pleted and which is owned by Tus kegee institute. As soon as the students graduate from ths prelim-1 inary army course, required before the air corps accepts them as cad ets, they will be given their broad er, more exacting training at the big 1700 acre airfield \tfhich is mushrooming up after the fashion of a vigorous, growing young city. THREE AIRPORTS AT TUSKEGEE There wil Ibe three flying fields here. Tuskegee already had a +em porary field where the CAA prim army course is given. Some 40 students are enrolled there at pres ent. Because of the superior re cord which the youth of this school have made, Tuskegee was selected for the more difficult civilian army training course- That required a fnore adequate field so Tuskegee which plans to make aviation a definite part of its future program, bought land at another more fav orable location and erected a new field at a cost of $200,000 for field and equipment. This new field is almost finished but traning has been going on there for several weeks; There >are some 50 students there -Archie Alexander, the famous Negro con tractor from Des Moines, la., has the contract for building this air port and while small in area com pared with its huge neighbor being erected by the Air corps, it is one of the slickest, trimmest airfields you ever looked at. Its large brick hangar accomodates 10 army traising planes and working quar ters for Capt- Parish, army super visor; G. L. Washington, civilian manager, chief pilot Alfred And erson and their various aides. The students have living quarters at Tuskegee. 1,500 WORK NIGHT AND DAY— A scant six miles further, 1500 workmen, toiling day and night on three eight hour shifts are rushing to completion the third airport, the big two million dollor army field which is expected to be named— '‘Moton held.” The immensity of this job stag gers an onlooker- Apparently it does not phase Calvin McKissack, younger of the two noted archit ects and builders of Nashville and actively engaged in charge of the job while his brother Mose looks after other contracts. Calvin Mc Kissack, with his quiet manner, smooth, almost unctous voice, shoots his car over hills, ruts and ditches and clambers where the car just cannot go over these hundred of acres as they emerge from a hilly, wooded, stretch of red clay farm land into a community which will house and afford training and working quarters for a thousand or two officers flying cadets, soldiers mechanics and employes, as caimiy as if he were constructing one of the churches for_which his firm is famed throughout the southland. Mr. McKissack won’t talk much about his job. He modestly ?ay« p-— that his task is to turn over to the United States army a plant com pleted to specifications laid out by army engineers, within the pres cribed time and cost limits, and to prove when he does so that no mis take was made when the contracts was awarded to a colored firm Under him are 1500 skilled and un skilled men, black and white- The ratio runs about 1,000 colored, 500 white. He has employed all the competent skilled black men he could find, most of the white men Working for white sub contractors who handle certain phases of the work which were sub let and se cured on bid. Most of the men have been employed from Tuske gee and nearby counties- A few are his regular foremen and work men who go with him wherever he has a job to do. WORKMEN OF BOTH RACES Here in the deep south these men have demonstrated that there is not the slightest difficulty in hav ing workmen of two races, work ing side by side under the general supervsion of a colored contractor. There has not been the slightest bit of friction or trouble- Every one seems imbued with the fa-t that they want to get the plant fin ished on time. The plant is ‘.o be hanued over in December. Al ready trainees ar- pouring in Some 200 mechanics from Ckanute ii’-Jd arrived last we»k. They are housed in tents bun- up on wond er. flooring until the imp rang group of green roofed barracks over cn the hill is finished. Every modern convenience will be installed in this community. McKissack and his men changed the course of a sizeable creek which ran through the grounds, and then hard by are building a great sew age plant. The public utilities in the camp -are large enough to serve a city of 10,000 people. The army apparently is building both for permanency and expansion. A little further on top of a high hill which overlooks the whole area, a water works, reservoir and filter ing plant are being constructed. Simultaneously four great runwavs are being built, one of them look-1 ing to be about a block wide, is a mile long. The base for the run ways is in and the concrete and asphalt ready to pour. OFFICERS ALREADY ON DUTY Six or eight medical officers ar-:. already on duty and the hosp’cal unit with half a dozen buildings is rapidly nearing completion. It seems impossible that just a few weeks ago this great expanse was unused except for a couple of scat tered farms and a graveyard on the hill which is in process of be ing removed- An odd sidelight is that the men who exhume the bod es are paid $6 per day, must und ergo sterilization every night and remain in the hospital for obser vation for six months after the job is finished. A foreman rushed up. He has a section ready for inspection by the army engineers. A dozen other people come rapidly to ask instruc tions or impart information as Me Kissack surveys the field from the hill. Major J. A- Jennings, white commander of the 99th, passc3. The hammers ring and saws buzz. A fleet of 15 or 20 great motored scrapers are smoothing the field while other greater machines tear sovagely into a hill preparing to level it off. Over here a mechanic al ditch digger burrows swiftly a long making way for the 40 or 50 miles of pipe and water mains which are being installed McKissack, never ruffled, never worried, looks on. “This is the price we must pay for civilization” he mused- “Water is one of the great forces in modem living”, he continued- “Oddly enough”, he finished as he glanced around at the water vtorks, “We Negroes are apt to build churches first when perhaps we ought to build wa ter work”. It was an interesting commentary coming from this man who is both a Christian and a Church builder. One thing is certain. The air field for the 99th Pursuit squadron is gigantic and great beyond the imagination of one who has not seen it. In those surroundings an under the training which the air corps is giving, wll arise one feels certain, a group of daring, able fly ers of which all America may be proud. „ FLUORESCENT FUTURAMA ELABORATE $50,000 LIGHT ING DISPLAY TO BE SHOWN AT HOTEL FONENELLE • •• Business and profesional men o Omaha, Council Bluffs and vicin ity wili be the guests of the loca efectical industry, November i to 13th inclusive, at the Fluores cent Futurama, an elaborate $30, 000 lighting display, in the ball room of Hotel Fontenelle In this exposition, which is be ing shown in only sixteen large! cities, manufacturers of certfiec Fleur-O-Lier lighting fixtures ant R- L. M- industrial reflectors have asembled over 100 types oJ certified fluorescent fixtures. Lighl ing experts will be m charge cl the twenty exhibits to demonstrate the uses of these various types ol fixtures in stores, office and fac tories, and to discuss with busin ess men their particular lighting problems. Visitors will enter the ballroom through a black light booth and be welcomed by “Miss Fluorescent" wearing a costumed dyed with flourescent chemicals that makes it glow under black light- Two hostesses will register the guest3 on black light cards that change when placed in a black light box. One registration card each after noon and two each evening will be marked. Holders of these cards will be entitled to choose from a selection of combination incandes cent flurescent floor lamps glVen as door prizes About half way down the floor an attractive hostess will presMs. at a light selection recorder. She will defy anyone to guess within ten footcandles the intensity <-f the light they themselves adjust to read a newspaper page. An other hostess will entertain the guests with a mysterious wireless light outfit. Local sponsors of the Futurama include Electric Fixture and Sup ply Enterprise Electric, General Electric, General Electric Supply, Graybar Electric, Westinghouse Electric Mfg., Westinghouse Sup ply. Wright and Wilhelmy and the Nebraska Power C -mpanies. NAACP. FILES BRIEF IN TEXAS “WHITE PRIMARY” CASE Forth Worth, Texas—An early decision can be expected in the Texas “white primary” case for which brief will be filed in the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, November 13, the NAACP ann ounced this week- If a favorable decision is reached it will wipe out one big obstacle in the way of full franchsement for Negro Americ-j ans, the NAACP. declared. The case has been in court since last January when Sidney Hasgett of Houston, a qualified voter, fil ed a complaint on charges that l.e was denied the right to vote in the primary election of the Democratic party August 15, 1940- Hasgett is suing for $5,000 damages and a judgement declaring that he had the right to vote. Defendants are election judges Werner and Black bum of the 19th precinct. The case was first heard in Apr il before the U.. S- District Court, southern district of Texas, when both parties agreed that the elec tion judges did deny Hasgett the privilege of voting because of his color. No decision was reached at this time, but Judge T- M. Ken nedy asked for the briefs and tran scripts of the testimony to study before making a decision. The new action is an appeal bas ed on the decision which was ret urned against Hasgett. Thurgood Marshall, special counsel for the NAACP and W- J Durham of Sherman, Texas, are attorneys for Hasgett- They state that the question involved is whe ther or not the Democratic prim ary in Texas, is “state action” within the meaning of the Fif teenth Amendment to the Constitu tion. Since the Democratic party is in control in the state, victory of a candidate in its prmary is tan tamount to election. The defendants maintain that the primory is a private or “clos ed” institution and not a state ac tion. I MARRIED WOMEft Al\iD WORK.... jj (by H. J. Pinkett) With apologies to John Slavik, County Clerk, we wish to make a few remarks on the subject of ‘‘MARRIED WOMEN AND WORK”. Now, Mr. Slavik is Clerk of Doug las County. He was elected last year. Through the good offices of State Sen ator John Adams, Jr., his term was ex tended two years. When he took charge of the office there were sever al women employees whose husbands also worked. Thus it had been for many years, in that office, in this coun ty and state and in this nation. Mr. Slavik decided that the place of marr ied women was “in the home”, and that was where he sent the married women workers. That very great issue which we thought was settled with the adoption of the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, wa,s not raised when Mr. Slavik was a candidate for office last year; POSSIBLY IT WILL BE WHEN HE SEEKS RE-ELECT ION. Yes, it will be. And this recalls the story of the preacher who thought that this was a man’s world. One Sunday morning he preached a SPECIAL sermon to his * flock which had scores of married wo men in it who, in order to help provide for the numerous children, “worked out”. The parson raved and ranted a bout married women working, and de clared: The Good Book says woman’s plaice is in the home", that “women who work cannot be good wives and moth ers”. After the morning services were over, the “working women”, and that group ran the churcb, decided that if the good parson was opposed to “Mar ried Women” working, married women, would stop giving to maintain him in the church. And true to their pledge, they stopped giving. Four months thereafter, the Good Parson died of malnutrition at the County Poor farm. We do not claim such a fate will befall Mr. Slavik, but if all the married women who vote, decided to vote a gainst Mr. Slavik, his chances of re-el ection will be quite “slim”. Seriously, what legal right has a gjovernment official to deny employ ment to a citizen, because of sex or marital status. We can think of none. We insist the test should be compet ency. Married women will educate Mr Slavik on this subject in the school of politics.