The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, November 23, 1940, City Edition, Image 1

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Entered as Second-class Matter at The Post office, Omaha, Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska, Saturday, November 23, 1940 OUR 13th YEAR—No. 36, City Edition, 5c Copy
Under Act of March 8, 1874—Business Phone: WE. 1517 _ _ ______
Knox Gets Protest On Arrest Of Negro Messmen Who Complain
Supreme Court Ruling On Residential
Covenant Case Opens Up Hundreds Of
New Homes To Chicago Negroes;
CHICAGO, Nov 22 (ANP)—Hailed here as the biggest social
victory in many years in tlhe U. S. Supreme court, the Carl A. and
Nannie Hansberry decision handed down, Monday in Washington is
expected to open up 500 new homes to Chicago Negroes in a district
from which they previously have been barred.
The high court ruling reversed an Illinois supreme court decision
barring Negroqg from residence in tlhe old Washington park subdiv
ision on the *tfc?e of the overcrowded Negro district. Stress was laid
>t Monday* decision as a social victory in contrast with other decis
ions of an educational nature or giving Negroes the right to a fair
trial or personal safety.
When Hansberry, a prominent realtor, and his wife bought
property in the area along with other Negroes and moved in. suit was
Drought by white property owners, signers of a restrictive covenant
which barred sales of home* to Negroes for residential purposse. That
was four yeans ago. Lower courts upheld the covenant and When the
case reached the state supreme court, it was agani upheld on Oct. 15,
1939, on the ground that an earlier decision had declared such coven
ants legal and therefore it could not again be challenged.
Taking the matter to the United States supreme court, attorn
eys for the Hanaberrys, including C. Francis Stradford, Alderman
Earl B. Dickerson, Truman K. Gibson, Jr.. Loring B. Moore and Irv
ing C. Mollison, argued last month that the restrictive agreement
ras not effective since only 54 percent of the property owners had
signed it whereas it stated specifically that 95 percent must sign to
to be valid and binding, and that the Illinoi* supreme court ruling was
unconstitutional because it deprived the Hansberrys of due procses of
law as guaranteed under the 14th amendment since they were not
parties to the earlier case
The U'. S. supreme court opinion, written by Justice Harlan F.
Stone and concurred in by all the justices, held that the earlier court
proceedings did not control the present suit, and said the covenant
(Continued on page ISP 2)
Uncle Sam Gives $830,000 Back
To Policy Kings
Washington, Nov. 21 (ANP)—Last March the Jones brothers,
Chicago’s policy kings, were indicted on charges of income tax evas.
ion. At that time federal agents seized assets which converted into
cash and deposited in the United States treasury amounted to nearly
$1,350,000. Monday it was learned that the government has turned
back some of the money to the Joneses.
The amount turned back is approximately $850,000. This rep
resents wjhat was left of the original seizures after slightly less than
$500,000 was deducted for taxes, interest and penalties back to 1931,
plus an additional sum covering a more recent claim on their 1939 tax
According to a secret compromise agreement with the govern
ment the criminal charges of tax evasion will be dismissed agamst
two of the brothers, McKissack McHenry and George P. Jones- The
third brother, Edward P-, regarded as the leader of the trio, will
plead guilty whenever his case is called to trial, accepting whatever
sentence the court imposes for a crime whose maximum punishment
is five years in prison and a $10,000 fine.
Julian Black, co-manager of Joe Louis, has been in difficulties
with the government over income taxes, too. Recently he had to pay
several thousand dollars in back taxes to escape more serious trouble.
According to a reliable source, Black was one of the many wit
nesses reported to have appeared before a federal grand jury investi
gating the incomes of Chicago gamblers several months ago. For a
time it was thought that Black received all the proceeds from a gam
bling establishment known as the North and South, Blast and West
club, but he was able to shoiw partnership with two others, Robert E.
Jones and Sanders Scott, which reduced the government’s estimate
of his income.
It is also reported that Black was questioned about blocks of
prize fight tickets, particularly tidkets to Joe Louis’ championship
Douts, which William R. Skidmore, alleged political go-between for
the gambing syndicate, is known to have passed out at various times
to politicians in the city hall and the county biulding. The govern
ment is said to have been anxious to know how Skidmore got them
and whether they could be charged against him as another source of
his income. Skidmore, who reputedly arranges for the protection
Which makes policy and other forms of gambling possible, was indict
ed on charges of income tax evasion and is awaiting trial.
Fisk Jubilee Singers Are Coming
On the night of Friday, November 29th, The World renowned Fisk
Jubilee Singers will appear in public to offer their musical talent8 to
the City of Omaha. They will appear here under the auspices of the
Saint Philip’s Episcopal Church of which Rev. Stamms is the minister.
The program will start promptly at 8 P. M. in the main audit
orium of the Zion Baptist Church ,22nd and Grant Street.
Soloist For Book Review
Mrs. Minnie Herndon of Council Bluffs, Iowa, pill sing for the
book review whidh will be «iven by Dr. Frank G. Smith at Clair Chap,
el Church, Tuesday evening, at 8—November 26, under the auspices
of the Modern Priscilla Art and Study Club Literary Dept.
Mrs- C. K. Ross will also appear on the program. Mrs U. S.
Matthews is chairman of the event with Mrs. Reuben C. Price, Pres.
Tickets may be secured on the night of tihe review.
The title of the book to be review is “How Green Is My Val
ley”—by Llewellyn.
Dallap, Nov. 22) (ANP) - Be
cause of the action of the city
council last week, two colored fam
flies were forced to move from
their newly purchased homes. The
families involved are the George
Johnsons and the C. L. Walkers
who recently moved into a white
neighborhood after having to va
cate their former homes two
months ago to make way for the
new low-cost housing project now
being built.
As soon as the families moved
into the white neighborhood their
homes were stoned and) bombed,
all this in spite of the police pro
tection they Were supposed to
As a result the city council vot
ed $1,300 last week to purchase
Walker’s bungalow and to move
the Negro families. The money,
was turned over to City Manager
James W. Aston to whom the re
sponsibility of ‘‘settling the mat
ter” was given.
Many colored citizens view the
moving of the two families as
“bowing to the mandate of the
mob”, and fear that “this thing of
conceding even one thing to mob
rule is but the entering wedge fer
the molb to ask many other illegal
things’! They are greatly per
turbed oven what the next move
will be.
Greenville Nov. 2 2(ANP) —
After he conducted his own de
fense in proper legal fashion and
convinced the jury he had no part
in the automobile theft with which
he was charged, I. B. Harris was
acquitted of grand larceny in gen
eral sessions court here Thursday.
Harris presented his own wit_
nesses, cross-examined those pres
ented by the state, and took the
stand to testify in his own behalf.
He was asked by Judge G. B.
Greene: “Would you like to argue
the case to the jury?”
“Mr. Judge, your honor”, he
said, “I hardly think that will be
It wasn’t. The jtlry returned in
less than ten minutes with a ver
dict of not guilty. ,
Louisville, Ky„ —A ^bearing on
the petition fijled with the local
school board by Miss Valla Dud
ley Abbington, a teacher in the
Jackson Junior High School, who
seeks to have her salary made e
qual to that of white Junior High
School teachers doing similar
workt has been set for December
3, it was announced today by Pre
ntice Thomas, her attorney.
Mr. Thomas is representing the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People
which is handling the case. Thur_
good Marshall, special counsel for
the association, is associated with
Mr. Thomas in the case. Miss Ab
Ibington seeks to have her yearly
salary increased from $1,490 to
$1,750 the salary paid to white
teachers of similar classification
and experience. In her petition
she declares that she is acting not
only in her own behalf but also
in behalf of all the Negro teach
ers and principals in the puLlid
schools of Louisville.
Washington, Nov. 20 (ANP)_
Racial discrimination in hiring fed
eral civil service workers was
banned Wednesday by an order
from President R/oosevelt. The
new rule amended a section of the
civil service rules which prohibits
discrimination on political or reli
gious grounds.
Roosevelt’s order, representing
the firtst general revision of civil
service rules eince 1938. was is
sued to bring employment policies
in line with defense needs.
It also reduced from one year to
six months the probation period
for new employes, during which
they are eligible for transfer or
promotion, and gave the civil serv
ice commission authority to en
force a bar against employment
of perlsans advocating the over
throw of conBtitutionol govern
ment by force.
Chicago, Nov. 22 (by Daniel J.
Faulkner for ANP>—Tuskegee In
stitute airport hysteria reached
new height^ Tuesday morning
when President F. D. Patterson,
addressed an enthusiastic group
of Airport Fund campaign work
ers at Poro college.
In championing the cause for
airport withip( walking distance
of the campus, Dr. Patterson plac
ed great emphasi® upon his con
tention that the Negro should be
integrated into all plhases of Am
encan democracy.
Thq noted educator exclaimed,
“If Tuskegee is successful in rais
ing sufficient funds With which to
develop the work in aviation, I
am convinced that it will be a
service to the Nctgroes of the na
tion at large We shall through
thig means be able to make avail
able to the United States army
an adequate number of efficient
men who would be needed to est
ablish a branch in this service.
If this done another signal victory
for the Negro in attaining full
rtatus in American democracy will
have been achieved. I ami sure
that you agree with me that sudh
a possibility makes this effort a
worthy one."
Among the other speakers were
Dr. U. G. Dailey; Claude A. Bar
nett; Col. J. C. Robinson; Percy
R. Hines; Miss Janet Harmon Wa
terford, veteran aviatrix: Dr. W.
i D. Giles, and Daniel J. Faulkner,
Brig. Gen. S. C. Dickerson, the
general chairman, acted as master
of ceremonies.
Washington, D. C ,.Nov. 21 (A
NP)—The following examinations
were announced this week by the
U .S Civil Service Commission:
Chief Laboratory Mechanicj $2,600
a year (when actually employed)
in the Cotton Hosiery Investigat
ions> Bureau of Home Economics,
Department of Agriculture; Prin
cipal Translator. $2,600 a year,
with optional subjects Portugese
and Spanish. Full information
concerning the above may be ob
tained at any first-class post of
Also announced was an open
competitive^ examination for the
position of Inspector of Miscellan
eous. Supplies, salary, $1,800—
' $2,000 a year. Place of employ
. ment: Jeffersonville Quartermas.
, ter Depotf Jeyfersonville, Ind. Ap
! plications for this exam may be
1 obtained at any firsts or second
class post office in the States of
Ohio, Indiana or Kentucky.
CHICAGO, November 18—To secure a closer alliance between
business and education was the theme which dominated the 18th an
nual conference of Negro Land Grant Cadlege Presidents in Chicago,
November 12-14. Bringing together some of the most outstanding
Negro educators, business men, and government agents the entire
question of how education, especially aK carried on by the 17 Land
Grant Collesee, could aid in the economic life of the race by training
workers in industry and business, increasing the actual purchasing
power of the race, and generally interesting the college graduate in
business as a vocation.
Ney York City, Niv. 21 (ANP)
This week, the controversy be
tween the nation’s major broad
casting stations and the ASCAP
American Society of Composers,
Authors and Publishers—wag the
sole topic on Broadway and in
Harlem, as the deadline neared
for expiration of the contract be
tween the composers and broad
ASCAP which ihas many famous
Negro composers in its member
ship charges the National Broad
casting company and the Columbia
Broadcasting system with trying
to monopolize the “music” end of
Hadio, and the broadcasters hurl
the same charge at ASCAP.
The networks and affiliated
stations, it is said, are planning to
boycott ASCAP after Dec. 31,
when the old contract expires. To
strengthen the proposed boycott
and be able to send “independent”
music programs over the ether
waves, radio has organized Broad
cast Music, Inc.. Ihas 250 composers
at work, turning out swing tunes
and other melodies to take the
place of ASCAP tunes, ghould ‘the
boycott become effective.
Russell Clevenger, BMI director
of public relations, explaining the
controversy, said this week:
“ASCA^1 has refused in 1940,
as in the past, to deal with broad,
casters on a “per program” bas
is of payment when its music is
played, but insists that broadcas
ters pay a percentage of their en
tire revenue, including that which
they receive frt)m the sale of time
for news, dramatics, sports and
other non-musical programs.
The broadcasters are willing to
pay ASCAP, as a licensing auth
ority, for programs using one or
more ASOAP selections, but they
are unwilling to continue to pay
that omanization for programs
that use no ASCAP mu^ic.
Chicago. Nov. '21 (ANP> Bom
of slave parents down on a Miss,
issippi plantation, Mrs. Anna Hay
es had never had a chance to go
to school. But that had notning
to do with her desire to learn, so
when she heard of the WPA class-'
es in adult education> slhe decided
to enroll. At 85 she finds going
to school a real pleasure, ome that
she has no intention of giving up.
Richmond, Nov- 20 (ANP) Ev
ery afternoon from the music
studio of the Martin E. Gray hull
on the Virginia Union university
campus strange sounds may be
heard. These sounds represent
the fulfillment of a “dream” that
for speculation among the student
body. For at long last tihe school
has a band.
At present there are 16 mem
bers in the band who have been
organized and ara directed by a
Norfolk sophmore ,Dewitt Proc
tor. M'i'3. Aldean W .Davis head
of the music department of the
school is their supervisor. 1 he
only requisites for admission are
knowledge of the fundamentals of
music and familiarity with some
musical instrument.
Among the business men who
presented tiheir problems to the
conference was Dr. J. E. Walker,
president of the National Negro
Buteiness League, who like the
message tq the conference of C
C. Spaulding, president of North
Carolina Mutual Life Insurance
Company, stressed the wisdom of
Booker T. Washington in emphas
the race, and asked for a ’‘stream
lined” adaptation of this great lea
der’fc advice. James A. ^Jackson,
special represenetative af the Es
so Marketers, while discussing the
purchasing power of the Negro as
a basis for Negro businss, warn
ed his audience of the danger of
trying to create a separate econ
omic setup and said our greatest
problem was integrating our bus
iness into the general national
system .
A great deal of emphasis was
placed by the employers of Negro
labor at the conference on the fact
that at present the colleges are
not doing much in preparing tne
young Negro college graduate ei
ther for business opportunities or
encouraging them to seek these
opportunities. '‘Dick” Jones, well
known and successful Chicago
business man, discused the prob
lems and difficulties of retailing
and the fact that special training
is essential. Gilesi A. Hubert,
assistant to the direction of the
Director of the Rural Rehabilita
tion division of the Farm Security
Administration, spoke of t'he diff
iculty of finding adequately train
ed Negroes to administer the var_
ious local projects and outlined in
detail the opportunities open to
those who were even partially
trained for the work.
As one solution for the building
up of Negro purchasing power the
cooperative was suggested- Fol
lowing a scholarly discussion of
the problem of consumer educat
ion by Dr. Bookei* T. McGraw, de
partment of economics and busin
ess odministration, Lincoln univ
ersity, Mfcsosuri, Cornelius King,
special assistant to the governor
of the Farm Credit administra
tion, spoke of the potential econ
omics inherent in ooperative buy
ing and selling. The concluding!
address on this session was by J.
H. Gadson, Jr., Georgia State In
dustrial college, who told in prac
tical terms what had been done
at the Georgia school in the estab
lishment of a faculty-student co
operative store.
National defense and the Negro
port in this current movement, in
a military way and economically
was the theme of the banquet
meeting. Dr. Rayford W Logan,
Howard university, and Dr. Rob
ert C. Weaver, National Defense
council, were the speakers. The
importance pf having the Negro
play his proper role in the def
I ense and preparation of our nat
ion caused this session to be par
ticularly interesting. While both
speakers admitted the Negro had
not yet received the opportunities
wfhich are rightfully his, Dr. Wea
ver was optimistic as to future de
Dr. F. G. Clark, president of
Southern university of Louisiana,
was elected president o<f the As
sociation of Presidents of Negro
Land Grant Colleges, and R- B.
Atwood, president of Kentucky
State College, vf|is reelected sec
retary of the association. On the
executive council for the coming
year are President R. S. Gross
ely, Delaware .President W. H.
Dell, chairman of the council from
Alcorn, Miss., President S- D.
i> -
New York—A vigorous protest
aoainfet the reportecj detention
and punishment of nine Negro
mess attendants attached to the
U. S. S. Philadelphia was sent to
Se retary of the Navy Frank Knox
November 15 by the National Ass
ociation for the Advancement of
Colored People.
The nine mien were reported in
the press to have been placed un
der virtual arrest with a view to
punishing them for writing and
signing a letter to the Pittsburgh
Courier in Which they outlined the
toeatment of Negroes in he Unit
ed States Navy.
The NAACP. letter declared to
| Colonel Knox that the colored peo
pie of thig country “are bitter a>
bout the treatment of their men
in the armed forces of the nation.
We wish to enter a most vigorous
protest against this action and to
request you, as Secretary of the
Navy, to intervene.
‘‘Tlhe Army has made some ges
tures toward improvement, but
the Navy seems unable to adjust
itself to the times. This associa
tion believes and urges once more
—as it shall continue to urge—
that the United States Navy main
tained by the money of all the
people> should tear down every re
striction against enlistment and
training, Which is based upon
race, creed or color, and should
open up enlistment in all branch
es of the Navy to American citiz
enh without regard to color.”
The NAACP. letter upheld the
action of the nine mess attendants
in bravely signing their names to
the published letter of complaint,
asying they had done so, “in be
lief that they had a just complaint
Baying they had done so “in be
lief that they had a just complaint
which ought not be weakened by
an anonymous letter.”
Scruggs, Lincoln university, Mis
souri; President F. D. Bluford,
North Carolina A. & T. college;
President W. R. Banks, Prairie
View State College, Texas; Pres
dent John M. Gandy, Virginia
State College; President John W.
Davis, West Virginia and Presi
dent F. D. Patterson of Tuskegee
As a result of a series of conf
erences held with the Manage,
ment of the Alton Railroad in
Chicago, a contract was negotiat
ed by A. Philip Randolph, Inter
national President and M. P. Web
ster, First International Vice Pres
ident of the Brotherhood, and sign
ed in tlbe interest of the ParloT
Car Porter8 on the Alton Rail
road. The contract' secured for
the men a $6.00 wage increase per
month. It also achieved a desir
able regulation of the hours of
wprk. The Agreement was sign
ed in Chicago in the offices of the
Alton Railroad Company by Mr.
Randolph for the Brotherhood and
Mr. Voorhees Vice President, for
the Alton Railroad Company.
Memphis, Nov. 20 (ANP)
Memphis police launched a drive
Tuesday night against carriers of
swtich blade knives, arresting 66
persons in 10 Beale street estab
lishments on charges of carrying
a dirk and being a suspicious per
Knives of all descriptions were
taken from the suspects, among
them many known as “Arkansas
toothpicks”. Weapons of this de
scription are knives with blades
four to six inches long that have
bbeni resharpened so much they
resemble the general shape of a
toothpick. Persons possessing nail
ond pen knives were not molested.
Commissioner Doyle said the
drive was launched ‘to rid the city
of all forms of lawlessness’’.
The Low Wage and Unemploy
ed Worker® Organization have
moved to 1837 North 24th St. to
the Church of Deliverance.
Meeting will be held on Monday
November 25tlh at 8 p. m. for the
civic, industrial and commercial
welfare of our people.
The organizations urges all of
the group to learn to bear each
others burdens and make jobs for
one another.
The Rev. A. C. Oglesby will
speak on Missionary Work. All
WPA. workers are urged to join
this organization for protection,
and to get further consideration
on the WPA. projects. V. Bailey
P/Resident, Miss Celeta McFall,
Sec’y .