The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, November 02, 1940, City Edition, Page Seven, Image 7
THE OMAHA GUIDE A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Published Every Saturday at 2418 20 Grant St OMAHA, NEBRASKA PHONE WEbster 1617 Entered as Second Class Matter Maxh 16. 1927, at the Post Office at Omaha, Nebraska, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. H. J. Ford, — — = P^ Mrs. Fluma Coopep, — — Vice Pies. C. C. Galloway, — Publisher and Acting Editor Boyd V. Galloway. ■- Sec’v and Treas. SUSCRIPTION RATES (Strictly in Advance) One Year — — — ?2.00 Six Months — — — 1-26 Three Months — — — -60 Single Copy — — — 5c All News Copy of Churches and all organizaf ions must be in ou-* office not later than 1:00 p. m. Monday for current issue. All Advertising Copy or Paid Articles not later than Wednesday noon, pro ceeding date of issue, to insure publication WHY THE NEGRO SHOULD VOTE FOR WENDELL L. WILLKIE The campaign is noW: over. Elach side is boasting the strength of their distinctive set-ups. It has been the policy of political speakers to charge one or the other with the failure of discovering a real issue. This has however not prevented thought ful Americans, in the midst of the jargon, from be coming clearly convinced that there is a definite issue to be passed upon by the voters tomorrow. Clearly defined, tlhe issue is this: The past success of the American Government has been based upon a definite philosophy of political control, and a re ligious regard for traditions sacredly held by the people of this country. This philosophy argues a gainst any tendency to accord to any President, over a limited time, any power that will permanently groove him in the office of President of the United States. One to promote a government, the revenu es for the running of wlhich will be contributed from the industrial earnings of the American em ployed. For 150 years this America has had an eco nomic program productive of greatest results. This program has given to the world its ridhest country, —its happiest and most intelligent people. It has so distributed, through its labor program, the bene fits of its industrial scheme, that tihe American peo ple have per capital more wealth than any people of the earth. This accomplishment has been done by coordinating in sympathy, restriction in rights, the authorities held by labor, as well as the capital istic groups, It now dav4ns upon the casual think er of this great people, that having brought to pass so colossal an accomplishment, it is unnecessary to install for any purpose, some far-fetched, try-out theory, to improve the unimprovable. There is a very definite reason why Negro es should vote for Wendell L. Willkie. These rea sons have not been brought to tihe attention of group by political speakers for this campaign. It is therefore deemed advisable to this editor, to frankly state these reasons. The strength of the Democratic party, lies in keeping tihe Solid South a unit. In order to do this, democracy is compelled to endorse and perpet uate through governmental procedure, avert act, to demonstrate to the political south that the Demo cratic North is one in sympathy and assistance with their section. The South is constitutionally set by every method whatsoever to keep the Negro from becom ing a free citizen in America. Tt has not Iheld and does not now hold any intention of ever allowing the Negr0 to vote as a block. It is unreasonable to expect the President of the United States, his bureaus, and set-ups, tt) deny the demands of the South, wlhen he and his party depend upon the South for election. Nothing so clearly evidences this position, as the conduct 0f the last Congress of the United Stat es, in preventing the pasing of the Anti- lynch bill. In order to keep the friendship of the South, the Democratic Government has been compelled to follow the Jim-Crow methods of that section. This is shown in the contemptible Jim-Crow employed in the Federal Government. The decent people of America became alarmed when a Congressman of the United States and his executive staff were com pelled to wear this badge of insult by being disal lowed even, to eat in the restaurant set up in the Capitol, for the accommodaion of Members of the Congress. The ambition of the Negro is to so deport an qualify himself, as to merit the friendship of the authorities who preside over his destinies. In the Republican Party there seems to be some chance in winning such friends, Such men as Costigan of Colorado, and Wendell Willkie, show vhe possibility of their success along this line. He certainly has the chance to approach by effective and accepted meth ods the Republicans as a block, for sympathy and legislative help. It is not the intention of this party to bar the door against such approach- This op potrunity i6 not accorded him by the Democratic patrty for the reason: The present policy of nhat party; s-o far as race relations are concerned, is to defnitely regard, agree with an sanction the race relation methods of the South, Simply stated it is his: The Democratic party cannot win without t/he South. The South is against the Negro for politic al advancement, therefore in order to perpetuatg democratic existence, the Democratic party must make as a part of its organization sdheme, the Anti Negro method of that section. This election will be the closest presidential election in 75 years. The Negro of America is re garded by students of political science, as consti tuting tht balance of power. There never was a time when this balance could be exercised witih such sure results. Results \ifhich would be more def initely appreciated than at any time before. That balance could keep the American Government true to its ideals. It could make this a land “where no man shall wear a crown.’’ If the editorial express sions of The Omaha Guide have ever weighed with its reading constituency, it is hoped that this plea to the members of the Negro race will be heard, and that their vote, the balance of power for the rea son expressed in this statement, will be given to Wendell L. Wdllkie. 7- POINT PROGRAM REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE Chairman, Joihn Hamilton Vice Chairmen— Ralph E. Williams, Daniel E. Pomeroy, Mirs. John E. Hillman, Mrs. Worthington Scranton. Secretary, Harold W. Mason Treasurer: G. D. Goodspeed General Counsel Henry P. Fletcher Eastern Treas. Sinclair Weeks 718 Jackson Place, N. W. Washington, D. C., June 21, 1940 Mr C. C. Galloway, Editor and Publisher, THE OMAHA GUIDE, 2418-20 Grant St-, Omaha, Nebraska—Dear,Sir: Mr. Robert Smith of your state has handed to me your communication regarding suggestions for the National Republican platform. We are very happy to have your communication and assure you that it is being given the utmost consideration by the committee. ' Very truly yours, ROY A. VITOUiSEK, Chairman, Sub-committee on National Develop ment and Related Topics) THE OMAHA GUIDE’S 7-POINT PROGRAM This 7 Point Platform was presented to the Re publican Resolution Platform Committee at Phila delphia. Penn., by C. C. Galloway, and was acknow ledged by them, and was accepted 100 percent.— 3 MILLION NEGRO VOTERS WILL FOLLOW THE REPUBLICAN PARTY THIS YEAR, AND S MILLION FOUR YEARS HENCE IF IT ADOPTS THE FOLLOWING SEVEN PRINCIPLES To The Republican Party Platform Committee— GENTLEMEN—I, C. C. Galloway, publisher and Editor of Negro weekly newspaper, personally come to you with seven (7) reasons for your con sideration, to help you in gathering information for the platform for which you are nowi in session pre paring for the Republican party. From my observation as a man, who has been in public life for thirty-seven (37) years, know ing the Negro in all walks of life from the planta tion pow handles of Texas to the Golden Gates of California, to the Statue of Liberty in New York and from the borders of Canada to Key West, Flor ida, including practically all of the n^etropolitan cities in the railroad and hotel services, and in the work as a servant to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the K. of P and Elks’ lodges, and many other religious and civic organizations for twenty-five (25) years and as a publisher and editor for the last fourteen (14) years and having attended seventeen (17* National Conventions of leading Negro organisations this year, and by walking and talking every day with the Negro men and women of the streets of America, from these many and varied contacts, I have glean ed my information w(hieh I now desire to pass on to you. I should like to state here that I have never made application for a political job and I never in tend to do so. My only interest is the advancement of good citizensibip. as you are a piatiorm committee now m I session, seeking knowledge of the wants o^ svary American citizen, especially the so-called forgotten man” in the minority group and gets the smallest amount of consideration from our own Republican party. I feel that the cause of this is the ignorance in not knowing the truth of conditions and wants of the Negro race by the man who have, heretofore served in the capacity in which you are now serving That is why I am with you today with my seven (7) reasons. I beg of you, now, to permit me to read to you the following seven (7) reasons: — No. 1 Strict enforcement of t)he 16th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America in every state in the union as was intended by the framers of the Constitution, which reads a« fel lows: (quote) ‘‘Art. 16., Section 1. The right of cit izens of tihe United States to vote shall not be de nied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color or previous condit ions of servitude.” Section 2- ‘‘The Congress shall have the power to enforce this act by appro priate legislation.” Now we think this amendment means what it says, flhat no state in the United States shall have the right to deny any member of the Negro race the privilege of casting his voce in every election held, botib local and national. We w'ant you to state in your platform what position on this amendment in the Constitution of the Unit ed States, and what procedure the Republican party will take to guarantee us in carrying out Sections 1 anid 2 of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. No. 2. We want the United States Army, Navy and Aviat'on corps services to admit our Negro boys in all branches of their services with privil eges to be promoted in accordance to their abilit ies to give service to our flag from the bottom to the top, the same as any other American citizen. We feel that this will make the Negro youth of to day become more conscious of himself and cause him to become more useful servants to our flag. You, Gentlemen, know that there never was a trait or to our country in the Negro race and tthere nev r was a more faithful soldier than the Negro sol dier in our army. We want your platform to state what position the Republican party will take on No. No. 3- We wtint our government to take dis crimination out of Civil Service applications on the account of color, We want our Negro girls and boys AN AFTERNOON OUTING FOR A JOLLY GOOD TIME Mr- and Mrs. Thomas Jones en teretained a group of friends at the Storz Brewing Company. The invitation was extended to the group you see above by Mr. and Mrs. .Tones, at the Omaha Guide i Food Show. The party lasted j from 5 until 10 p. m. Everybody | seemed to have an enjoyable time. A ff'vt of the outstanding citizens attending the party were "Mrs. Charles Cleveland. Mr. Arthur Me Caw. Mr. C. C. Galloway, Mrs. J. H. M<‘mitt, Mrs. Jessie Brooks, Mr. M<’Gill, Mr- Dudley Wright and many others. accept d in Civil Service strictly on their merits, according to their grade tlhat they make in the ex aminations like all otlx>r American citizens, and to let them have the rights to be promoted in accord ance to their ability to serve in the position that they ihold. We want your platform to state what position the Republican party will take on No. '1. No. 4. We are indirectly or directly tax payers of this American government. We are forced to pay a certain percentage of the tax dollar that is spent for employment by appointments from our chief rxeeutiv^ through different constitutional branches of our government whiah gives large am ount^ of employment to the middle class of our A merican citizens who do manual labor. We, as Ne gro citizens, want our percentage pf that tax dol lar that is expended for this kind of work. We want you to state in your platform what position the Republican party will take on No. 4. No. 6 We, as Negroes, wiant our percentage of Mvigh appointments made by our chief executive and his cabinet members. Yes, sir, if you please, we want a few of the $5,000 to $12,000 per year jobs .that we are taxed to pay. We feel that it is no more than fair that we should have our percentage of those appointments and we want you to state ;n your platform wlhat position the Republican party will take on No. 5. No. 6. We want a stop put to the evil of share croppers and peonage control on plantations in the South. We want the sharecropper to have an op portunity to become an oWiner of a home and a farm in older that the might rear and educate his family decently. We want peonage blotted out completely. We want you to state in your platform what posi tion the Republican party will take on No. 6. 7- We want the Anti-Lynch bill to become a law as presented by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, through our rep resentative in Washington, to stop what has been the shame of America for the last seven-five (75) years, the lynching and burning of human beings. For twenty-five years three million white citizens and fourteen million Negro citizens have been beg ging for this legislation. We want you to state in your platform, what position the Republican party Will take on No. 7. I believe that if your committee will state in your platform, a clear conception on the above sev en reasons, it will not only give to the American Neuro, encouragement to’ become better citizens, but will also bring him back to the Grand Old Re publican Party. Gentlemen: I thank you with tlhe hope that you will give these seven reasons your serious con sideration. Signed, C. C. Galloway, Publisher and Editor The Omaha Guide Weekly Negro News paper, 2418-20 Grant St., Omaha, Nebraska. THE RESOLUTION COMMITTEES’ ANSWER TO MY SEVEN REASONS AT THE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION AT PHILADELPH IA. PENN., FOR THE REPUBLICAN PLAT FORM— “We pledge that our American citizens of Negro descent shall be given a square deal in tlhe economic and political life of the Nation. Discrim ination in the Civil Service, the Army, the Navy, and all other branches of the government must cease. To enjoy the full benefits of life, liberty and tihe pursuit of happiness, universal suffrage must 1 be made effective to the Negro citizen. Mob viol ence shocks the conscience of the nation, and legis lation to curb this evil should be enacted.’’ THE NEGRO PLIGHT Frederick Douglass* planted the seed to e mancipate the Negro from chattel slavery; William Lloyd Garrison and Lovejoy put a fence around th is seed and cultivated the soil so the tender plant might sprout. John Brown pulled the hard crust of earth off this plant so the glory of the universe might pour fourtih it6 mighty strength of sunshine upon it to give it growth. Abraham Lincoln thru the mercies of our Creator, saw this plant struggl ing for maturity and he took the machinery in hand to cultivate this plant so it might bring forth its fruit, and before the end of his time he wrote tlhe Emancipation Proclamation to free four million Ne groes from chattel slavery. For this one act Abra ’ ham Lincoln vjent down in history as America’s greatest citizen of all times. Today his statue is looked upon with great admiration of tihe whole world, but Abraham Lincoln did not live to finish the job. He emancipated the Negro from chattel slavery; now, O Lord, send us a soul to emancipate this race of mine from economic, social and politic al slavery, the curse of American democracy today. The Negro was brouglht here without his consent, scorned, scoffed, brow beaten and enslaved for 250 years. The Negro laid the foundation for the back bone of American industrial life. He cleared ihe forests and tilled the soil 300 years for a meager mouthful of bread- He has paid 11 percent dir ectly or indirectly of every tax dollar that the A merican government has collected for 75 years. He has fought bravely in every battle that has been fought in the history of America. He is one of the few designated minority groups that has never proved to be a traitoT to his country. He can be trusted to give everything that is in him when do mocracy is on trial. That is the shame of it all. He has willingly poured forth his life’s bood upon tihe soil of every battlefield where wars have been fought—home and abroad. He has been denied for' 75 years the privilege of enjoying one percent of American Democracy. Although he has lived here 326 years and suffered d'eatlh for his country, anything that walks on two feet comes to America; from the first day of his arrival he’s privileged to enjoy the full rights of American economic, social, educational, religious and civic democracy, even though he proves to be a bomb manufacturer, and attempts to destroy A merican democracy, even if he proves to be a trai tor to American democracy and wthen he has saved up and sent back every dollar he gets his hands on to his homeland to manufacture lead and powder to destroy this American democracy that we have so given our life’s blood to establish, (he is privileged to become a full fledged American citizen; and some times is proven to be the first to join the Fifth Columnists, and the Negro is put behind him in every walk of life and made subject to his abuse. J he Negro is no Ihoamer, the Negro knows no coun try but America, the Negro is America’s best buy er today of American products. If he makes $50.00 per month, he spends $00.00—$50.00 cash and $10 on credit. If he makes $100.00, he spends $120.00 -—$100.00 cash and $20.00 on credit. He burst the American business line wide open with whatever he gets his hands on. The Negro ig burned at 3take alive for his loyalty to American democracy. Five million Negroes are denied the privil ege to vote for the ones wiho are to measure out justice to him or to serve on a jury in the cause of justice. All on account of what?— just because God created him with a black skin. I am reminded of any old saying my mother used to say ‘‘nothing goes over the devil’s back that doesn’t some day buckle under his belly”.—one other thing she used to say ‘‘just as sure a,g yoil live you or your child ren will some day reap what you sow.” I have watched these two old sayings all my life, and in my life, and in my opinion, there never was any thing so true as they are. Even in my short space of life. I have had it come ihome to me. I have seen it come home to others. Invariably I have ■seen it come true to cities, countries, states, yes, if you please, to nations. Look at Belgium for her tr atment of the people of the Congos, cutting off their hind legs, ears, nose, fingers, because they were unable to pay their taxes. Look at Holland for transporting 'the first Negroes to Newport, News, Virginia and inaugurating a slave traffic for a hundred years. Look what ahe is suffering and so on down the line. So many others that time and space will not allow' me to mention. Oh yes, they | will all pay and some day pay dear with their own blood. I am bound to ask America how long will s.he stand by and see the American Negro denied the rights of its American Constitution, and burned at the stage alive for crimes they never committed Don’t you know, America, gomeday you must I pay? Why make the debt a greater debit any longer? Why not stop today and tihink, and think, and think, and act, and act, and act. Today, please? | Today, it ih America’s time to put a stop to its a buse. to its woot loyal American citizens—The Am ; trican Negro. —C. C. Galloway. TO THE COLORED VOTERS OF OMAHA— When Governor Adam McMul len was elected Governor, Rev. E. C. McDonald was appointed State Deputy Oil Inspector. He remain ed through the McMullen and Wea ver Administrations. When Gov ernor Charles W- Bryan was el ected Governor he appointed Mr. Harrv Leland in the post of Dep uty Oil Inspector Where, he served throughout the Bryan term and for a time under Governor Coch ran, The salary and expanses of this position amounted to about $200 monthly. Mr. Leland was remov ed from this position by Cochran and an elderly white man wa» put in his place. After much travail. Mr. Leland was given an inferior job which carried with It a salary slightly more than janitor’s pay. The writer of this letter visited Governor Cochran with several committees and urged him to ap point a colored man to the position of Deputy Oil Inspector. M not Mr. Leland, then some other race man in Omaha or Lincoln. He re fused to do so. The sum total of Cochran’s action, therefore, is loss for the Negro of the only position the State of Nebraska had «ver given him. Now you may nay back by voting for Hugh Butler for United States Senator Novem her 5th. It is the only thing to do, regardless of party. For that is the only language he can un derstand. Sincerely yours, —H. J. Pinkett. THE NEGRO AND DICTATORS A great deal has been said dur ing recent weeks about the estab lishment of a dictatorship in the United States similar to the ones now in Germany and Italy. Should a dictatorship be estab lished in the United States the Negro would be the first to suffer, and all semblance of liberty which lie now enjoys would be destroy ed and the progres which he has made during his residence here in America would be lost. In Germany Immediately after Hitler rose to power, the GOO,000 Negroes in the Rhineland were sterilized, and reduced to the bot tom of their system of “forced la bor.’’ And Italy has followed In the wake of the German practice somewhat less -everely. The pos ition on the Color question is lud icrous, because Italians, being a Mediterranean race, have a con siderable admixture of Afr: an Yet. they assert that they are members of the Aryan race, what ever that may mean. In either case, it is quite clear, in the light of mdoem experiences in Germany and Italy, that the Negro suffers first and most. If the German and Italian dicta torships succeed in their primaiy aim of gaining possession of the continent of Africa, they will doubtless enslave all of the da.k races of that continent. There are approximately 15,000 000 Negroes in the United States. And, if as is now argued by many able and thoughtful Americans, the third term being sought by the Persident of the United States will lead to a dictatorship—it will mean slavery for the Negroes of the United States, much more ab ject and hardh and hopeless than was chattel slavery prior to the Civil war. Our whole purpose here in the United States should be to move toward a larger freedom for the Negroes and all other Americans in the political and economic sphere. And the NegTo should object with his ballot in the Soy ember election the threat of a dic tatorship, by voting for Wendell L- Willkie for President and for Senators and Representatives in Congress who are pledged to give to all Americans equal opportuni ty in the land of their birth. REGRETTABLE Thoughtful colored people all over the land regret and deplore the fact tlhat a Colored man was used to raise a race question to harm Wendell Willkie in the pres ent campaign. But they wonder how it was possible to find white men so shameless as to impose a task so mean upon a Negro hire ling. We thought that the harsh ex periences of the Colored People for 400 years in America, had taught all of them the lesson of tolerance toward other races, even beyond the temptation of money. It is, indeed, regrettable.