The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, February 17, 1940, CITY EDITION, Image 1
CITY EDITION I tj' Have You Read Price Five Cents ■ . ■ “DOING the Stroll” / JUSTICE/EQUALITY TOTHtTlNE^ LARGEST ACCREDITED NEGRO NEWSPAPER WEST OF CHICAGO AND NORTH OF KANSAS CITY hS™eonwEU“i“atter * PMt office °maha’ Nebr undCT Act af March 8l 1#74, Omaha, Nebraska, Saturday, February 17, 1940 Volume Twelve, Number 48.— Outstanding Negroes And Whites of 1939 Named NEW YORK, Feb. 17, (ANP)—The 12 “Am erican Negroes of distinguished achievement for 1939” were announced over the New York radio sta tion, WEVD, Tuesday night, Feb. 13. Dr. L. D. Red dick, curator, gave the results of a nation-wide poll sponsored by the Schomburg Collection of Negro Lit erature of the New York Public Library and the New York Branch of the Association for the Study of Ne gro Life and History. The 12 were chosen on the basis of “sheer merit of achievement in terms of so cial value to the race and humanity. At times a glor ious defeat or failure reveals distinguished courage social intelligence.” Also the six white persons who' during the past year had done tlje most for the improvement for race relations in terms of a real dem ocracy were named. The citations were as follows: Negroes M iss Marian Anderson to whom Toscini said “only one voice like yours is heard in a hundred years”. Miss Anderson’s recital on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial be fore an estimated audience of 75. | 000 and a radio audience running into the millions gave a clear ans wer to the prejudice which preven ted her appearing in Constitutional hall, Washington. National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People. Un der the leadership of Walter White this organization has led the fight for the enacting of a federal anti lynch law. The legal staff of the association has scored court victor ies toward the admission of Negro es to the state supported universit ies of the south and equal pay for i Negro teachers in Maryland. Miss Jane Bolin whose appoint ment as justice of the court of do mestic relations, New York City, on the basis of merit marks her as the first Negro woman judge in the history of America. Justice Bolin is a symbol of other Negro women in and out of administrative and political office who demonstrate leadership and ability. Dr. E. Franklin Frazier of How ard university whose book “The Negro Family In The United Stat es” is one of the noteworthy schol arly productions of the past year. Of this book Prof. Ernest W. Bur gess of the University of Chicago says: “It is, in fact, the most valu able contribution to the literature on the family since the publication, 20 years ago, of the Polish Peasant in Europe and America by W. I. Thomas and Fiorina Znaniecki.” Joe Louis who by demolishing all comers has maintained his position as the champion physical warrior of the world and who despite his fame and earning has demonstrated a modesty and sportsmanship seldom found. Dr. George Washington Carver of Tuskegee Institute. Dr. Car ver, though not always orthodoz in his methods, has in his winning of the Roosevelt medal and other a wards, focused attention upon the contributions to science by the Ne gro. Sam Solomon of Miami. The outstanding, but not the only, ex ample of Southern Negroes who led a march to the ballot box, to exer cise their constitutional rights, des pite the threats of the KuKluxKlan. Rev. Glenn T. Settle, Cleveland, as the founder and director of “Wings Over Jordan” a weekly C. B. S. broadcast each Sunday morn ing. This was the outstanding ra dio series rendered by Negroes during the past year. Dr. Carter G. Woodson who as editor of the Journal of Negro His tory since its founding in 1916 and as director of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and His cory and the originator of “Negro History Week” itself brought to a high point during 1939 his remark able effort in stimulating the scien tific and sympathetic study of the Negro. Owen Whitfield who led the evic ) ted white and Negro sharecroppers of Missouri until outside assistance was forthcoming. Whitfield and his followers are the people we read about or see in “Grapes of Wrath.” Richard Wright whose prize winning stories won for him a Gug genheim fellowship for 1939 and whose great novel written on that fellowship, “Native Son”, has been chosen recently as a book of the Month Club selection. The Negro Press. One of the single greatest influences towards giving the Negro a conception of himself in terms of achievement and self respect. Incidentally, the editor of one Negro paper has been named on the honor roll of the state of Virginia—all others on this !*ll being white. No attempt was made to rank the twelve. Whites Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt who al ong with her husband, the president has given more dignity to the rela tions of the White House to the Ne groes of America than has any such couple within recent history. Mrs. Roosevelt has frequently spoken out in her column for the rights of all men and resigned her member ship in a well-known organization, connected by name with the Amer ican revolution, when the bar of color prejudice was raised against a world-famous Negro singer. Harold F. Ickes, secretary of the Intel ior, whose consistent champ ioning of democracy reached a cli- j max during the past year when he granted the use of the Lincoln Memorial plaza and himself presid ed at the Marion Anderson recital previously mentioned. Maury Maverick who has added to his former record of positive sup port of the anti-lynch bill when hej was a congressman from Texas. Now as mayor of San Antonio, at the risk of his political career, has stood up for the rights of Negroes, Mexicans and labor. In the Vir ginia Quarterly Review for winter, 1939, Mayor Maverick wrote an ar ticle addressed to the South which was entitled “Let’s Join the United States.” Mayor Fiorella LaGuardia of N.j York City, who has addressed him self to the problems of all of the ' peoples of that city. Mayor La-! Guardia has set a high standard by including Negroes in important po- j sitions in the official life of the greatest American city. Among his recent appointees are Judge Mi-1 les A. Paige and Justice Jane Bolin. Benny Goodman for his employ-. ment of distinguished musicians ir- j respective of color in his well known orchestra. The list of Ne groes who have served in the Good man band includes Lionel Hampton, Tedy Wilson, Fletcher Henderson and Charles Christian. In the words of Langston Hughes he has done much toward breaking down the color bar fn the dance music in dustry. University of North Carolina for its liberalism in a land where it takes unusual courage to be liberal. Its president, Dr. Frank P. Graham has also served as the head of the Southern Conference on Human Welfare. Its press has set a high level, with a few notorious except - I ions, for objectivity and scholarship in dealing with the Negro in Amer ican life. No attempt was made to rank the six. There were scattered votes for a great number of labor organiz ations which have organized with out regard to race. Music for the program was furn ished by the Phi Beta Sigma Glee Club under the direction of Prof. John A. Sharpe. Dr. Reddick stat ed that the poll would be an annual feature of Negro History week. DR. EL WOOD ROWSEY AT HILLSIDE SUNDAY An interracial musical service of special interest will be held at Hill side Presbyterian Church Sunday, afternoon February 18th at .3:46 o clock. Dr. Elwood Rowsey prom inent radio and pulpit orator and minister of Dundee Presbyterian Church will be the principal speak er. The Westminister Presbyter ian Choir of 30 voices and a violin soloist, Miss Betty Mae Nelson will furnish the music, under the direc tion of Mr. Byron Demorest. The conclusion of the service promises to be one of the most effective in terracial services held at Hillside Music lovers are asked to be in their seats at 3:30. Philly Already Preparing For NAACP. Meet Philadelphia, Feb. 17, (ANP) — Five months early, this city is hard at work for the coming 31st annual conference of the NAACP., June 26-30. with Mayor Robert E. Lam berton, honorary chairman and At torney Theodore O. Spaulding, gen eral chairman of arrangements and supported by nine committees. First major project of the joint committees is a huge dancefast to top the Penn relays weekend, on Saturday evening, April 27, when three orchestras will be on hand in the Wharton Street Armory, Broad and Wharton Streets. In this way it is hoped to raise the money to underwrite the expenses of the meeting. Raymond Pace Alexan der is head of the finance comm ittee, responsible for meeting the convention expenses. Although all committee chair men have not been named, the com mittees are divided into housing, hospitality, publicity, church coop eration, finance, program registra tion, information, cuisine. The housing committee, under Miss Mamie E. Davis, general sec retary of the Southwest YWCA, will begin its work almost at once sending subcommittees to visit ev ery home which will be open to del egates. The leading city hotels will also be visted. Tindley Temple ME. church, Broad and Fitzwater streets, will be the conferences meeting place with the business headquarters at 1506 Catherine street. Dr. Harry W. Greene is president of the Philadelphia branch of the NAACP. COLORED ATTY. ONE OF MAIN SPEAKERS AT LINCOLN DAY DINNER New York, N. Y., February 12,— Aaron H. Payne, young Colored Attorney and Republican leader of Chicago, delivered one of the three maor addresses at the Lincoln Day Dinner of the National Republican Club of New York, here tonight. Chairman John Hamilton and Mrs. Robert A. Taft, wife of the Senator were the others. For the first time in more than 30 years, a representative of Color ed Republicans was accorded a place on the Speaking Program. Attorney Payne called attention to this fact when, in opening his ad dress, he said: “Many years ago the beloved Booker T. Washington of Tuskegee was one of your Guest Speakers. He richly merited the distinction, for he was universally accepted as the accredited spokesman for his people. He has no successor. Able spokesman that he was, the cause of Republicanism and the love of Abraham Lincoln were no stronger in his heart than in mine; and re gardless of what some few may say the fundamental attitude of my people, North and South, is no dif ferent from my own. “While our perspective is not yet far enough removed for all of us t to see clearly and fully appreciate the true stature of Lincoln; each passing year reduces the ranks of those who would withhold from him the palm of eternal gr eatness.” 1ST NATIONAL HONORS WON BY NEBRASKA POWER CO. Omaha, Neb , Feb. 17 —Nebr aska Power Company’s home light ing sales campaign, conducted Oct ober 1 to December 31 won first national honors in a home lighting equipment sales contest conducted by the Edison Electric Institute with headquarters in New York, ac^ cording to word received today. Miss Felicia Randall, home light ing specialist of Nebraska Power, was advised that her report on the local campaign, in which resident ial customers were shown how the new low rates granted by the com pany October 1 makes greater elec tric service available to them at no extra cost, was the unanimous choice of the judges for first place | and a $50 cash prize. j Thirty-four electric utilities of j the country competed. Puget Sound Power and Light of Seattle won second prize and Lake Super- j ior District Power, Ashland, Wis consin, third prize. The backing given the Nebraska Power Company campaign by in tensive newspaper advertising, di rect mail, outdoor advertising and j radio, which resulted in a ratio of \ one sales to every 2.7 customers, were the features that won first honors for the local company. NEGROES SPEND 140 MILLION YEARLY FOR TRAVEL New York, Feb. (ANP) C. A. R. McDowell, director of the division of Negro activities of the U. S. Travel bureau, with offices in New York, has compiled an interesting number of figures on what the Ne gro spends annually for travel in the United States. Said Mr. McDowell: “A study of the reports of the National Re sources Committee on Consumer in comes and their expenditures for 1935-36, reveals that there were 1,980,320 non-relief Negro families not including those on the Pacific Coast and the far West. The av erage income for these families is $809 per year—they spend an aver age of $70 per year for all forms of travel—a conservative estimate — thus making a total of $140,000,,000 for travel expenses and other inci dentals pertaining to travel.” WOOD TO OPEN COCHRAN HEADQUARTERS John O. Wood/veteran politician and campaign manager, has been selected by the State committee to manage the campaign of Governor Cochran for the U. S. Senate. Headquarters are being opened at 2405 Lake St., and a “vigorous” campaign will be launched, he stat es. Select All-Ameri can Swing Band THEATRICAL WRITERS SE LECT ALL-AMERICAN SWING BAND FOR 1940 First band:—Trumpet, Louis Armstrong; Erskinc Hawkins, Harry James. First band, Trombone: Tommy Dorsey, J.C. Higgenbotham, (Arm strong), Jack Teagarden. First band, Alto sax: Johhny Hodges (Ellington), Bonny Carter, Jimmy Dorsey. First band, Tenor sax: Soleman Hawkins, Chu Berry, (Calloway), First band, clarinet: Benny Goodman. First band, Piano: Teddy Wilson. First band, Guitar ; Charlie Christian (Goodman). First band, Drums: Joe Jones, (Basie). First band, Bass: John Kirby, Artie Bernstein (Goodman). First band, Male vocalist: Bing Crosby. First band, Girl vocalist: Ella Fitzgerald. First band, Best instrumental soloist: Lionel Hampton (Good man). First band, Best composition of 1939: My Prayer. First band, Best hot band: Count Basie. Second Band Second band, Trumpet: Rex. Stewart (Ellington), Muggsy Span ier, Roy Eldridge. Second band, Trombone: Law rence Brown (Ellington), Juan Ti zol (Ellington, Trummie Young, Lunceford.) Second band, Alto sax: Willie Smith (Lunceford), Charlie Barn et, Eddie Barefield (?) Second band, Tenor sax: Lester Young, Joe Thomas (Lunceford), Second band, Clarinet: Barney Bigard (Ellington). Second band, Piano: Count Basie. Second band, Guitar, Floyd Smith, (Kirk). Second band, Drums, Gene Kru pa. Second band, Bass: Pops Foster (Armstrong) Bobby Haggart, (Crosby) Second band, Male vocalist: Bill Kenny (Ink Spots). Second band, Girl vocalist: Billie Holiday. Second band, Best instrumental soloist: Sidney Bechet. Second band, Best composition of 1939: T’aint What You Do. Second band, Best hot band: Duke Ellington. Harry James, Tommy Dorsey, Jack Teagarden, Jimmy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Artie Bernstein, Bing Crosby, Muggsy Spanier, Charlie Barnet, Gene Krupa Bobby Haggart, all are white musicians.! WHITE COLLEGE PLANS $20,000 MEMORIAL FOR NEGRO JANITOR Macon, Ga., Feb. 17 (ANP) —A unique memorial, said to be with out precedent in the Nation's his tory, was disclosed this week when it was learned that at Mercer’s un iversity, 107 year old Baptist insti tution, a memorial will be erected honoring Robert E. Lee Battle, Ne gro janitor for 40 years at Mercer who died last Dec. 8, leaving an es tate consisting mainly of a $36 bur ial insurance policy. JUSTICE PAIGE MOVES RESIDENT TO BROOKLYN New York, Feb. 17, (ANP) Magistrate Myles A. Paige, sched uled to be elevated to special ses sions by Mayor LaGuardia, now is a resident of Brooklyn. His family moved last week. Announced a few days before Christmas, Paige’s appointment was held in abeyance by a provision of the Interior Criminal Court act, which requires that five special sessions justices must be residents of Brooklyn. Since Paige was ap pointed to fill a Brooklyn justice’s vacancy, to hold the job he is com pelled to be a resident of Brooklyn. It is believed that Mayor La Guardia suggested that Magistrate MRS. ROOSEVELT TO SPEAK AT RETHUNE COLLEGE Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt has accepted the invitation of Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune, president of Bethune-Cookman College, Day tona Beach, Florida, to make the principal address at the celebrat ion next week of the school's 36th anniversary. The observance, which will open with an all-day meeting of local educational leaders on Friday, Feb ruaty 16, will be climaxed on Sun day afternoon, when Mrs. Roose velt and Aubrey Williams, execut ive director of the National Youth platform. Administration, will share the Another highlight of the observ ance will be the presentation, by the college students on Friday eve ning, of a pageant, “Unfolding a Dream,” which will depict the his tory of the school. A concert by Roland Hayes on Sunday evening will conclude the three day cele bration. Paige move in order to qualify for the post. When asked how long Paige must live in Brooklyn in or der to establish a legal residence, the mayor replied, “five minutes." Assigned to special sessions for the past several weeks, Paige is expected to be sworn in this week. CONNALLY ATTACKS FOES OF LYNCHING AT SENATE COMM. HEARING ON BILL Washington, Feb. 17 (CNA) — Witnesses testifying in support of the Wagner-Gavagan Anti-Lynch Bill were subjected to scurrilous attacks by Senator Tom Connally of Texas as a Senate Judiciary sub committee opened hearings on the bill recently passed by the House. Senator Connally also assailed the presence at the hearing of many Negro and white supporters of the bill. As the hearings opened, the fight for passage of the measure entered a crucial stage. The strategy of! Senator Connally and other tory foes of anti-lynch legislation is to keep the bill bottled up in the Jud iciary Committee as long as poss ible and hearings were devised as one step in this process. Powerful sentiment in favor of passage of the bill was developing throughout the nation as the fight got under way before the Senate subcommittee. In Detroit, the City Council voted endorsement of the measure and forwarded requests to Senator’s Vandenberg and Prentiss Brown of Michigan to vote for the bill. Connally, who demanded hear ings on the bill, has arranged to have a string of reactionary Sou-! them witnesses appear in defense j of lynching. The first witnesses who have ap peared however, were strongly in favor of the measure. Dr. Arthur Raper of Decatur, Ga., who conduc ted an extensive study of lynching several years ago, told the comm ittee that passage of a federal law was necessary because only one - tenth of one per cent of those guilty of lynching are brought to justice by local authorities. Connally clashed repeatedly with the witness, referred to Negroes as “niggers” and said he couldn’t un derstand “how any man with white blood in his veins” could take the stand that Raper did. Walter White, secretary of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People, sharply assailed Connally and charged that some members of Congress were using “vitriolic at tacks on legislation like this” to gain re-election. SENATOR TAFT SPEAKS IN MIAMI Miami, Fla., Feb.—Speaking be fore a large Republican rally at Bayfront Park in Miami, Senator Robert A. Taft told Floridians and winter residents that the key to recovery is the encouragement of small business under a friendly ra ther than a hostile administration.’ To Celebrate Brotherhood Week Feb. 18-25 New York, Feb. 17, (ANP) - Brotherhood Week, national obser vance of which takes place Feb. 18 26, first launched by Newton D. Baker, secretary of war under Pres ident Wilson, is intended to pre serve justice, amity and understand ing and coperation among people of all races, creeds and religions in the United States. National leaders of all races this week expressed the hope here that observance of Brotherhood week, this month would be general, earn est and productive of lasting bene fits to all who cherish the basic A merican principle of equal rights for all. These leaders have recommend ed for consideration of all who will participate the following “Ten Commandments of Good Will.” 1. I will respect all men and women regardless of their race or religion. 2. I will protect and defend my neighbor and my neighbor's child ren against ravages of racial or re ligious bigotry. 3. I will exemplify in my own life the spirit of good will and un dertsanding. 4 I will challenege the phil osophy of racial superiority by whomsoever it may be proclaimed, whether they be kings, dictators or demagogues. 5. I will not be misled by the ly ing propaganda of those who seek to set race against race or nation a gainst nation. 6. I will refuse to support any organization that has for its pur pose the spreading of anti-Semit ism, anti-Catholicism or anti-Pro testantism. 7. I will establish comradeship with all those who seek to exalt to the spirit of love and reconciliation thruout the world. 8. I will attribute to those who differ from me the same degree of sincerity that I claim for myself. 9. I will uphold the civil rights and religious liberties of all citiz ens and groups, whether I agree with them or not. 10. I will do more than "live and let live”; I will live and HELP live. STATEMENT OF REPRESENT ATIVE HAMILTON FISH Washington, D. G.f February 8, l‘J40. Hearings on the AntiLynch ing Bill, which passed the House by a two-to-one vote, are now being held before a Senate Judiciary sub committee. Southern Members op posing the bill when it was under consideration in the House said that the most harmful thing the Repub licans could do would be to “smoke out” President Roosevelt and send the bill to him for his final action. President Roosevelt does not hes itate to express his views and pass moral judgements on European Na tions. Why is he so strangely sil ent on legislation aimed to provide for the security and safety of the lives of our own people? The A merican people, both white and col ored, are entitled to know where President Roosevelt stands on the Anti-Lynching Bill, and what he proposes to do to help secure its passage in the Congress. SIX NEGROES ATTEND UN PLOYMENT CONFERENCE Washington, Feb. 17, (ANP) — Six prominent Negro women were among the one hundred women ' from all parts of the country called ! here to discuss the unemployment i of young women in the country. At I tending were Miss Thelma Dale of I the Youth Federation of Washing I ton, Washington;.; Mrs. Crystal Byrd Fauset of the WPA, Pennsyl j vania; Miss Jane Hunter, of the Phyllis Wheatley House, Cleveland; | Mrs. Vivian Carter Mason, admin istrator of one of the district offic es of the Emergency Relief bureau in Ngw York City, and Mrs. Mary j McLeod Bethune of the NY A.