The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, December 30, 1939, CITY EDITION, Page THREE, Image 3

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    How New Year Speeds Around the World
When 1940 reaches New York City in a blare of noise at 12:01 a. m. Monday, it will already be early Monday
evening just east of Australia in the Chatham islands. Meanwhile, at Honolulu the clock will register 6:30 p. m.
Sunday. The new year is born on the lonely Chatham islands, 414 miles southeast of New Zealand and races west
ward at 1,000 miles an hour. About 200 shepherds and fishermen in the Chatham group celebrate the New Year
by ringing the church bell on Hanson island. The international date line, near these isles, was set by the British
admiralty and runs near the 180th meridian of longitude.
^ I
■QJO«n nauanjirs ” (FRENCH)'*
What Do You Know About 1939?
•» Who is this handsome
youngster and who di
vorced her—to marry what
swimmer, who was recent
ly divorced?
2 These feel belong to a
^ baseball player who
had to quit In 1939 after
playing about 2,300 con
secutive games. Who Is he?
•> Whose nose Is this?
When and why did It
make news most of last
summer, and where did all
this take place?
A This horse won a big race
last May and his name
Isn’t Man O’ War, Lawrin,
El Chico, or War Admiral.
Who is he? What race?
" This Italian gentleman’s
name was Filippo Pa
relll. What happened on
his son’s 63rd birthday,
March 2, 1939?
This demonstration
ended when someone
said, “You cannot strike
against the government.”
Who said It? To whom?
n Something quite aston
• ishing happened to the
piece of land shown In
black. What’s it’s name
and who owns it now?
o This young gentleman
° went traveling abroad
last summer. What is his
name and where did he
go? What’s wrong with him?
U This man left on a
long, cold trip, and he
won’t be home until late
in 1940. Who is he ? W'hy
did he go where?
1. Fanny Brice, divorced by Billy Rose
to marry Eleanor Holm.
2. Lou Gehrig.
3 Submarine Squalus. sunk off Ports
mouth, N. H. Picture taken during un
successful attempt to raise her.
4 Johnstown. Won Kentucky derby.
4. Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli becamt
Pope Pius XII.
6. President Roosevelt said it. WPA
workers were striking against new wage
7. Albania, seized by Italy Formerly
ruled by King Zog.
8. Fred Snite Jr., infantile paralysis
victim, went to shrine at Lourdes, France.
9. Admiral Richard E. Byrd. He went
o Antarctic to stake out land claims for
he U. S.
Warning for Bachelors:
Maids Propose in 1940!
Run for cover, you bachelors. It’s
leap year!
Twenty-nine days hath February
in 1940, which gives the maidens
free rein to blurt out those marriage
proposals they’ve been saving since
Leap year is so-called because it
“leaps forward” a day as compared
with an ordinary year. It so hap
pens that the leap years coincide
with years divisible by four without
‘Self-Serve’ Party
Enjoyed by Guests
On New Year’s Eve
Entertaining guests on New
Year’s eve? It’s being done more
than ever before this year as Amer
ica turns to stay-at-home entertain
If so, you'll want an informal af
fair with a buffet style supper late
in the evening, patterned after the
Swedish “smorgasbord.” The table
is generally placed in the center of
the room and covered with any kind
of linen suitable for the occasion.
Plates are placed in a pile at one
side of the food to be served—you’ll
find guests enjoy serving them
Your menu can be very plain or
very fancy, as you prefer. Here
are a few samples from which you
can choose:
Menu No. I
Chicken Mousse on Lettuce, Rolled
Sliced Meats. Assorted Cheese,
Olives Radish Roses
Hot and Cold Beverages
Menu No. II.
Spaghetti and Chicken Livers
Assorted Sandwiches Cold Meats
Pickles. Olives, Stuffed Celery
Frozen Dessert Small Cakes
Menu No. Ill
Lettuce Sandwiches
Toasted Cheese and Bacon Sandwiches
Ham or Chicken a la King
in Patty Cakes
Mixed Sweet Pickles
Orange Layer Cake Beverages
Menu No. IV.
Assorted Canapes and Relishes
Crabmeat or Shrimp Salad
Welsh Rarebit
Hot Biscuit Wafers
Chocolate Cup Cakes, with Whipped
Cream Filling
Plan a "clock party” to entertain
your guests New Year’s eve. For
this you’ll need all the alarm and
“striking" clocks you can find Set
them at different hours and put
them in all sorts of unusual places
so that chimes and gongs will sound
from everywhere in the most un
expected way — under davenport
cushions, in the dining room buffet
and behind the radio.
Use black-and-white decorations,
with clock faces drawn on white
cardboard peering from everywhere,
black-and-white paper drapes, a
black-and-white checkered paper
cloth for your table, and black
and-white glass or china.
You can have a clever question
and-answer clock game, too. Have
your questions typed on slips of pa
per with space for answers. Pass
them around, set a time limit for
answering, and make your prizes
something to do with time—a calen
dar, diary, kitchen clock or egg-tim
er. Here are some typical questions:
1. What book of the Bible is on a
clock? Answer—Numbers.
2. What part of a clock means most
to an Oriental? Answer—Face.
3. What has a bed in common
with a clock? Answer—Springs.
4. What part of a clock would most
interest a lawyer? Answer—Case.
5. What do you have that a clock
has? Answer—Hands.
One Hundred Years Ago 'Old Hickory'
Revisited the Scene of His Triumph
Over the 'Red Coats' at New Orleans
(Released by Western Newspaper Union.)
WHEN members of the
Democratic party all
over the United States
gather together at their an
nual Jackson day dinners this
year, they may well point to
a celebration which took
place just 100 years ago as
the precedent for their mak
ing the anniversary of a great
American military victory
the occasion for a political
rally. For January 8, 1840,
marked the climax of a 10
day celebration of the 25th
anniversary of the Battle
of New Orleans and the hon
or guest there was the hero
of that battle-^Ex-President
Andrew Jackson.
It came about in this manner:
During his second administration
"Old Hickory” had decided that
Martin Van Buren, his vice presi
dent, should be his successor in
the White House and, despite a
revolt within the party, forced
the nomination of the New York
er and aided in his election. But
Van Buren’s term as President
was not a happy one for either
him or for his friend and counsel
or, the ex-President.
Within a year after he took of
fice, the speculative craze which
had swept the country brought
the inevitable result—the panic
of 1837. Jackson’s financial poli
cies were blamed (and wrongly,
so the later historians assure us)
for the disaster but since he was
no longer in the White House the
anger of men who had seen their
fortunes go crashing down in
ruins was turned against his
"hand-picked successor,” Martin
Van Buren.
By 1839 business conditions had
improved somewhat but not
enough to reassure Van Buren
that he could again defeat Wil
liam Henry Harrison, the Whig
candidate, and serve a second
term. When congress convened,
it quickly passed an independent
treasury bill, taking the fiscal af
fairs out of the hands of the banks
and completing the work which
Jackson had commenced back in
1829. By now the country had
begun to realize that “Old Hick
ory’s” financial policies were
sound and his popularity, which
had waned during the panic years
of 1837-38, began to revive and
give renewed confidence to Van
Buren and his colleagues in the
Democratic administration.
'Come to the Aid of the Party.’
Down in New Orleans the Lou
isianians began planning a for
mal observance of the twenty
fifth anniversary of the Battle of
New Orleans and President Van
Buren, believing that the pres
ence of General Jackson at that
celebration would aid the cause
of Democracy, wrote to him ask
ing him to go. Much as Jackson
would enjoy revisiting the scene
of his triumph, there were sev
eral reasons, however, which
might prevent his going. He was
a tired, old man now. “Old Hick
ory” they still called him, but age
had weakened the tough fiber
which that name suggested. Such
a journey and the excitement of
the celebration would drain him
of much of the strength he still
had left.
Then there was another reason.
The General had lost one of his
best friends, one upon whom he
had come to depend greatly. That
was Ralph E. W. Earle, the wan
dering portrait painter, who had
come to the Hermitage 17 years
before and found there the only
home he had ever known. Earle
died in September, 1838, and the
gray head of the general bowed a
little lower after that date. “He
was my constant companion when
1 traveled. Had I a wish to travel
I have now no one to go with
me,” he said mournfully.
But the most important reason
why such a trip was doubtful is
suggested in a letter he wrote to
a friend at about this time—
“Again I am out of funds, and I
cannot bear to borrow or travel
as a pauper.” When Andrew
Jackson went to Washington to
become President, he carried $5,
000 with him. When, at the end
of eight years, he returned to
his home in Tennessee there was
only $90 left of it.
An Expensive Son.
Then came the panic years and
“Old Hickory” was hard put to
it to remain solvent. His diffi
culties were increased by the un
businesslike practices of his
adopted son, Andrew Jackson Jr.
He prevailed upon his foster fa
ther to allow him to buy a
1,100-acre plantation in Mississip
pi for which he agreed to pay
j $23,700 in four yearly install
! ments. On his way home from
making this deal, young Jack
son stopped at Nashville and, un
This portrait was painted by Jacques J. Amans during "Old Hick
ory’s" visit to New Orleans to join in the 25th anniversary celebration
of his victory over the British there on January 8, 1815. The original
hangs in the Brown University library, Providence, R. I. (From an il
lustration in Marquis James’ "Andrew Jackson, Portrait of a Presi
dent," published by the Bobbs-Merrill Company, by whose courtesy it
is reproduced here.)
known to his father, bought an
expensive piano, also on the in
stallment plan.
Nor was this his only extrava
gance, for while Jackson was
making plans for the journey to
New Orleans he received a let
ter from his old friend, Maj. Wil
liam B. Lewis, asking that a
note for $550, signed by young
Jackson and already two years
overdue, be paid. This money
had been used to buy a carriage
and Andrew Jr. had assured his
father that the money had al
ready been repaid.
“I have exerted all my means
to clear my son from his foolish
as well as useless debts. They
are all exhausted, I can do no
more,” the General wrote to Lew
is. By this time he had about
given up his plans for going to
New Orleans. Then came a
crushing blow.
It was the financial collapse of
Albert Ward, a son of one of
Jackson’s old friends and one of
the richest men in Middle Ten
nessee. When his creditors be
A portrait ot Jackson’s adopted
son by Ralph E. W. Earle, owned
by the Ladies’ Hermitage Associ
ation, Nashville, Tenn., and re
produced in Marquis James’ "An
drew Jackson, Portrait of a Pres
gan securing writs of attachment
against those who had gone se
curity for Ward it was learned
that Andrew Jackson Jr. was one
of his principal sureties. More
over, as the panicky creditors
began to press their claims, oth
er debts which young Jackson
had contracted, unknown to his
father, came to light.
“Old Hickory," tired and ill as
he was, rose superbly to the occa
sion. First he made certain ar
rangements with the Ward cred
itors in order to gain time. Then
he decided definitely to go to New
“If the trip should help the
prospects of the Democrats, well
and good;” writes Marquis
James in his “Andrew Jackson—
Portrait of a President,” “The
real object was to relieve his
“The time was short. On De
cember 23 the General drove to
Nashville and drew in advance
on his cotton. After paying two
notes for young Andrew and a
few other bills only enough re
mained for traveling expenses to
New Orleans. So he borrowed
$3,000 which was placed to the
credit of his son.
“On the day before Christmas
Andrew Jr. had not returned from
Mississippi. Jackson could delay
his departure no longer. Scratch
ing directions to the boy to pay
the Lewis note and other debts to
the extent of $3,000, Old Hickory
was off for Louisiana to make
his first public appearance in
nearly three years.”
A Near-Tragic Journey.
Concerning that near-tragic
journey and its results, James
also writes:
“New Year’s day of 1840 was
spent aboard an Ohio river pack
et menaced by drifting ice. At
Memphis Jackson obtained from
Albert Ward pledges which he
hoped would balance Andrew
Jr.’s obligations to the Ward
creditors . . .
“On January 4, the steamer
Vicksburg, chartered by the state
of Mississippi and loaded with
notables, took the General
aboard. What followed was a
nightmare. Stricken with a hem
orrhage which made every breath
torture, the veteran drummed out
the last reserves of his will-power
‘determined to go through (with
the journey) or fall in the strug
“ ‘I have found that complain
ing never eased pain,’ he said.
The endless receptions, the
speeches, the pageantry, the fire
works, the shouting, were some
how endured for 10 days and
nights. Leaning on his cane, the
chieftain slowly mounted the
mouldering ridge that had been
the rampart beside the Rodriquez
canal. Dim old eyes looked on a
level field of cane stubble . . .
which memory may have peo
pled with pulsing platoons in red
tunics latticed by white cross
belts . . . hedges of bayonets re
ceding into infinity ...”
Thus did the “Hero of New Or
leans” look upon the scene of his
triumph a quarter of a century
earlier where he had won that
amazing victory with which, in
the words of another biographer
(Gerald W. Johnson in his “An
drew Jackson—An Epic in Home
spun”), he had “saved the self
respect of the country.” Because
of it that country was “literally
crazed with joy and in its de
lirium flung the name of Andrew
Jackson against the stars.”
A Hero Goes Home.
After the 10-day celebration
was over Jackson started for his
home in Tennessee. “Alone in the
cabin of a homeward bound
steamer, the pain passed and a
feeling of peace filled the heart
of the soldier,” writes James,
“He hoped he had done some
thing to save Mr. Van Buren. In
any event he believed he had
saved Andrew.”
As it turned out, both hopes
were vain. For in the tumultuous
“log cabin and hard cider” cam
paign that year the “singing
Whigs” with their shouts of “Tip
pecanoe and Tyler, Too!” and
“Van, Van is a used-up man!”
swept the “Little Magician” out
of the White House and installed
“Old Tippecanoe” Harrison there
in his place.
As for Andrew, it is true that
his foster father “saved” him—
but only temporarily. For the
young man seems to have had a
perfect genius for bad business
practices and before the weary
old General had laid down his
burdens on June 8, 1845—five
years and six months, to a day,
after his triumphant return to
New Orleans—those burdens had
been added to, by his foster son,
to the extent of $24,000.
As Andrew Jackson, returning
to New Orleans in 1840 experi
enced the "endless receptions,
speeches, pageantry, fireworks’’
etc., one wonders if, perhaps, he
remembered the reception that
had been given him by that city
immediately after his victory 25
years before—and, remembering,
smiled inwardly at the recollec
tion of what followed so soon aft
erwards! That reception is de
scribed in the first of Marquis
James’ two-volume biography,
"Andrew Jackson, the Border
Captain" as follows:
"... The city gave him a Lat
in welcome. Pierre Favrot, seat
ed by a window overlooking the
Place d’Armes, undertook to de
scribe it to his wife Never my
dear have I seen such a crowd
... All the troops arriving to
the strains of military music &
of the cannons . . . more than
12,000 people of whom 8,000 were
armed . . . Tomorrow they . . .
will crown the General; twelve
young girls will strew his path
with flowers . . .’ ”
This they did on the morrow,
and much more. "At the door of
the church he was received by
the Abbe DuBourg in his robes
of office and attended by a col
lege of priests . . . The choir
began to chant the majestic lines
of the Te Deum. The people in
the church took up the hymn.
It spread to the lips of the throng
that filled the square as all New
Orleans poured forth its grati
tude for deliverance.”
Short-Lived Gratitude.
But that gratitude was short
lived, and the hero of yesterday
was, in their minds, a tyrant the
next day, when "New Orleans
awakened somewhat amazed to
find itself, to all intents, once
more in a state of siege. The
tight restrictions of martial law
were reimposed. Militia com
panies which had looked forward
to prompt disbandment were
marched into camps and set to
drilling. Reserve companies not
under arms before because there
were no arms to give them were
called out, the dilatory cargo of
A miniature on ivory made in
New Orleans by Jean Francois
Vallee, a Frenchman who painted
in tbe “Napoleonic tradition."
War department rifles having ar
rived. Andrew Jackson expected
his victory to have bearing on
the tedious negotiations he as
sumed to be in progress at Ghent,
but he took no chances."
As rumors that a treaty of
peace had indeed been signed be
gan to drift into the city, the dis
satisfaction with Jackson's re
strictions on the citizens of New
Orleans and the resentment of
the volunteers and the militia
against being kept under arms in
creased. There were frequent
desertions and finally open mu
tiny. To deal with both, Jackson
used the same iron hand with
which he had ruled his soldiers
during the campaign against the
Creek Indians. This brought him
into a collision with the civil au
Clash With Civil Authority.
Federal Judge Dominick A.
Hall was determined to establish
the fact that a writ of habeas
corpus issued in his court should
not be superseded by the rules
of martial law. Jackson had not
only dared to disregard such a
writ but had arrested Hall for
"aiding, abetting and exciting
mutiny within my camp" and
locking him up. Freed when
martial law was revoked at the
receipt of the news of the peace
treaty, Hall had mounted the
bench again, issuing a summons
directing Jackson to show cause
why he should not be held in con
tempt of court for his refusal to
recognize the writ of habeas
So it came to pass that late in
March, 1815, the “Hero of New
Orleans” stood before the bar of
civil justice and heard Judge Hall
impose upon him a fine of $1,000
and costs but refrain from includ
ing imprisonment in the sentence
because it “was impossible to
forget the important services of
the defendant to the country.”
After that "Jackson walked out
of the court-room the idol of the
cheering crowd. They unhitched
the horses and dragged his car
riage to the Exchange Coffee
The idol of New Orleans he re
mained until his departure in
May for his home in Tennessee.
That departure “was taken in
triumph—public farewells, private
leave-takings, excherrrgBs of cost
ly gifts. A purse wa» raised to
discharge the fine imposed by
Dominick Hall, but Andrew Jack
son waved it aside, requesting
that the money be distributed
among the families of soldiers
who had fallen in battle.”