The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, December 30, 1939, CITY EDITION, Page TWO, Image 2

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    ^ OF THE YEAR '
193 9 1
COMPILiD BY
JOHN P. GRANT
EUROPEAN WAR
MARS GOES TO WORK—
French poilu puzzles over street
sign in captured German village.
Hitler Still Grabbing
MARCH
12—German troops mass near border of
Slovakia.
12—Czecho slovakia submits to Hitler's
demands (or further break-up of the
Czech state.
14—Slovakia formally secedes from
Czecho-Slovakia and becomes inde
pendent state under German protec
tion.
Hitler seizes Bohemia and Moravia,
completing subjection of Czecho-Slo
vakia.
18— Hitler absorbs Slovakia. Hungary
annexes part of Carpatho-Ukratne.
27— Germany puts pressure on Poland.
28— Poland refuses German demand for
pathway to East Prussia.
APRIL
4—Poland Joins British In war alliance.
17—Germany pushes drive to take Dan
zig. French fleet guards Gibraltar,
British fleet sails to Malta.
MAY
7— Nazis plan plebiscite In Danzig.
8— Pope Invites five powers to Vatican
parley to settle Polish-German dis
pute.
20—Germany fortifies Its eastern frontier
against Poland.
JUNE
1—Hitler pledges Germany will support
Jugo-SIavta s border.
20—German troops move to encircle Po
land.
28—Britain appeals to Germany to settle
dispute by negotiations.
JULY
8—Warsaw reports 8,000 Polish families
In East Prussia are forced to move
away from border.
AUGUST
13—Germany and Italy establish policy
on Danzig; Polish attitude called un
bearable.
18— Germany takes military possession of
Slovakia.
SI—Germany announces nonaggression
pact with Russia.
22— German troops massed near Polish
corridor.
23— Germany and Russia sign nonaggres
ston pact.
29—Britain and Poland sign war alliance.
Japanese cabinet abandons Rome
Berlin lineup.
29—Poland asks British help under new
mutual aid pact.
Germane Invade Poland
31—Germany opens war on Poland.
SEPTEMBER
3—Britain and France declare war on
Germany.
British ship Athenia torpedoed off
coast of Ireland, 1,400 aboard. 43
lost.
Germany blockaded by British navy.
•—Germans shell Warsaw; government
and citizens flee.
President Roosevelt proclaims U. S.
neutrality.
9—Poles appeal to Britain to rush aid.
France Invades Germany; British
troops arrive.
7—Nazi torpedoes sink five ships.
9—French planes bomb Siegfried line.
19— German counterattack halts French
on western front.
Russia rushes reserves to Polish bor
der.
12— German forces shut a vise on War
saw.
13— Big British army lands In France
without loss.
Polish defense cracks; Nazis move
eastward.
19— Russian troops tnvade Poland to
"protect minorities."
17—Warsaw decides to fight on after
truce talk fails.
Poland's defenses collapse under
Nazi pressure.
Russian army drives 90 miles Into
Poland.
20— Report Red purge of former officials
in Polish Ukraine.
23—French repulse wave after wave of
Nazi shock troops.
23—French defeat Germans In two big
air battles; Bombard whole length
of Siegfried line; bomb Zeppelin
works.
27—Warsaw surrenders to Germans after
20-day siege.
Estonia signs alliance with Russta.
29—Britain defies warning by foes to
stop war.
OCTOBER
1—Britain calls 250.000 more troops.
7— Hitler makes peace proposals to Brit
ain and France; seeks armistice.
8— Hitler sets aside area In Poland for
Germans to be transplanted from
other countries.
10— French premier spurns Hitler’s peace
terms.
12— Britain refuses peace based on Nazi
conquests.
14— British battleship Royal Oak sunk
by sub, 786 lost.
17—German planes raid Scapa Flow,
Iron Duke, training ship damaged.
13— British report three U-boats sunk.
Germans capture American ship City
of Flint and take It to Soviet port.
19—American ship City of Flint, turned
over to Germany by Russia, sails
from Russia.
(8—Germans claim 115 foreign ships sunk
since war began.
Five freighters sunk by Germans
11— Soviet demands raise new crisis In
Finland.
NOVEMBER
3—Norway frees City of Flint and tn
terns German prize crew. Finland
defies Soviet threat; ready to fight.
f—Belgium and Holland offer to medi
ate peace between warring nations.
•—Hitler escapes plot; blast in Munich
beer cellar kills 6 and injures «0.
•—Dutch open defense dikes; clash at
border with Germans.
French repulse night Infantry raids
by Germans.
10—French repulse two German attacks.
IS—Four more merchantmen sunk in sea
warfare.
17— Germans shoot nine Czech students,
seize 1,200 and close academies for
three years.
18— Dutch liner hits German mine In
North sea. sinks with 140 lives.
10—Four more ships sunk by German
mines off England.
10—Germans extend war at sea; 10 ves
sels sunk since November 18; 133
dead or missing.
French-Belglan treaty seen as chan
nel for France to get German coke.
Germany opens officers’ ranks to all
soldiers; royalty backs Hitler.
11—Germany charges Munich man with
beer cellar explosion; arrests two
British agents.
Britain declares unrestricted block
ade of Germany In reprisal for Il
legal mine warfare; forbids neu
tral nations to trade with Germany.
22— British destroyer sunk. 40 missing.
Nazi bombers raid Shetlands. no
damage done.
French report torpedo boat sank two
subs.
23— Eight more vessel* sunk; total for
six days, 23.
France and Britain claim 20 air vic
tories In three days on western front.
Exiled Polish government begins
functioning in France.
Bulgaria permits British to establish
propaganda center In Soda.
24— British cruiser damaged in port by
blast from mine or submarine.
French repulse German attack east
of Moselle river.
23—Berlin claims bombers hit four Brit
ish warships; London denies.
Six nations protest British ban on
German trade.
26— Two hundred eighty-seven die In
sinking of Polish liner Pllsudski and
a British armed ship. Germans
fight back British planes attempting
to raid Kiel canal.
British fights for a new Europe.
Chamberlain says.
Finnish guns kill four Russian sol
diers, Soviet charges.
27— Russia demands Finns remove sol
diers from border; Finland offers to
negottate border issue; Russia
threatens war.
28— Russia denounces nonaggression
pact with Finland; Finland declares
Russian reports of border attacks
false.
Germany claims British cruiser sunk
by submarine; Britain denies.
29— Russian troops Invade Finland after
breaking off diplomatic relations;
Finns stunned by break.
30— Russians claim lO-mlle advance into
Finland; bomb Helsingfors; declare
Finns attacked first. Finnish cabi
net resigns after declaring war on
Russia.
DECEMBER
1— Finn* disable Russian cruiser with
500 aboard.
Russians capture Finnish port.
New cabinet takes over Finnish gov
ernment.
Germans sink (lve ships of four na
tions.
2— Finnish rebel regime cedes territory
to Russians.
Regular Finnish government orders
evacuation of all southern towns.
Sweden tightens its defenses.
British tanker sunk, two German
ships sunk and liner beached.
3— British planes attack Cerman naval
base and score hits on German war
ships.
Finns shatter Red troops in Arctic
battle.
League of nations summoned to hear
Finnish appeal for aid.
Britain puts blockade against Ger
man exports into effect.
4— German pocket battleship sinks Brit
ish steamer Doric Star in south At
lantic.
6— Finnish flyers Inflict heavy casual
ties on Soviet troop concentration.
8—Finns repulse Russian army of 200.
000 on three fronts.
7— Russians to blockade Finnish coast;
warn shipping.
British fighting planes beat off Ger
man raids.
8— Finns repel offensive on Karelian
isthmus.
10— Finns report Russian attacks re
pelled on all fronts.
11— League of Nations requests Russia
to cease hostilities against Finland.
12— Russia rejects league of nations pro
posal to mediate conflict with Fin
German liner Bremen runs British
blockade to home port.
13— British ships disable and chase Ger
man raider Graf Spee into South
American port.
14— Russia expelled from league of na
tions.
Uruguay gives Graf Spee 72 hours to
make repairs.
10—Finn coast artillery sinks Russian
destroyer.
It—Germans scuttle Graf Spee outside
Montevideo harbor rather than risk
fight with British ships waiting out
side.
18—Huge Red forces storm Finns' moun
tain positions
Germans claim 34 out of 44 British
planes shot down in battle over
Heligoland.
British claim sinking ot German
cruiser and damage to two others.
FOREIGN
RUSSIA FACES WEST—Dic
tator Josef Stalin, having com
pleted a pact with Germany, con
quers part of Poland and moves
into Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania—
and then into Finland.
JANUARY
1—Chinese dictator “purges" govern
ment ranks of 200 "peace party"
leaders.
3—Japan’s cabinet resigns over poli
cies in China.
Spanish rebels report capture of Ar
teaa.
•—Hungarians and Czecho-Slovaks light
along border.
19— Spanish rebels take Tarragona in
drive toward Barcelona.
18—Madrid rushes fresh troops to de
fense of Barcelona.
22— All citizens of Barcelona called to
dig trenches.
24—Spanish rebels bomb Barcelona.
26—Rebels take Barcelona without a
battle.
30—Hitler demands return of colonies.
FEBRUARY
9—Spanish loyalist army of 200,000 flees
to France to escape trap.
•—Japan refuses to give up mandated
islands Germany lost in war.
12—Two hundred thousand move past
bier of Pope Pius in St. Peter’s.
14—Pope Pius buried In tomb beneath
St. Peter's cathedral.
18—Spanish loyalists offer to surrender.
France occupies African area once
ceded to Italy.
20— Italy moves to place colony Libya
on war footing.
23— General Franco hands Britain final
terms for peace with Spanish loyal
ists.
24— Britain and France decide to recog
nize Franco government in Spain.
MARCH
1— College of cardinals convenes In
Rome to elect a pope.
2— Franco requests Mussolini to with
draw Italian troops from Spain.
Cardinal Eugenio Pacellf elected
pope on third ballot; takes name of
Pius XII.
•—Communist leaders flee Madrid zone;
General Miaja. new loyalist chief,
asks “worthy peace."
7— Gandhi won political victory for de
mocracy in India, forced by four-day
fast; accepts invitation tor consulta
tion with viceroy.
12— 500,000 witness coronation of Pope
Pius XII.
21—Lithuania returns Memel to Ger
many.
23—Madrid offers to surrender to Gen
eral Franco.
28—Madrid surrenders, ending Spanish
civil war.
APRIL
2—Britain offers to protect Rumania.
Japanese kill 8.000 Chinese in three
battles.
8— Albert Lebrun re-elected president
of France.
•—Italian troops Invade Albania
13— Massing of troops near Gibraltar
causes alarm; British barricade road
to Spain.
27—Serbians sign pact with Croats, end
ing Jugoslavia's biggest internal
problem.
MAY
6—King and queen of Great Britain
■all for Canada.
17— King and queen of Great Britain
welcomed at Quebec.
18— King and queen start on tour of
Canada.
25— Bill setting up dictatorship over In
dustry Introduced in British parlia
ment.
29—New border war develops between
Japan and Russia in Manchukuo.
JUNE
10—Bombs in mail In England Injure
seven persons.
14—Japan presents Britain with new de
mands as troops tighten blockade
at Tientsin.
20—British women and children flee
Tientsin to escape Japanese economic
blockade.
22—King and queen given tremendous
reception on their return to England.
26— Soviets repulse Jap air attack on
Mongol border: shoot down 25 planes.
27— Japs report shooting down 98 Soviet
planes In battle over Outer Mongolia.
JULY
13—France jails two newspaper execu
tives. charged with receiving pay
from Germany.
18—Danzig political police purge city of
Socialists.
24—Chamberlain promises Britain will
stay out of Japan's way In China.
Japan orders Canton river closed to
foreign shipping.
26—Four bombings In England blamed
on Irish Republican army.
AUGUST
3—Britain offers to mediate Japanese
Chlnese war.
8—Spain executes 53 persons lor com
plicity In slaying of civil guard offi
cer.
3—Sudden German food shortage rouses
public.
SEPTEMBER
26— French cabinet decree ends Com
munist party In France.
27— Bulgaria seeks trade pact with Rus
sia.
28— Constantine Argesanu appointed pre
mier of Rumania.
OCTOBER
2— Delegates of 21 republics at an Inter
Amerlcan neutrality conference fixed
a safety zone around two Americas.
3— Japanese admit loss of 18,000 men
in fighting Russians.
8—Chinese halt Japanese drive In Hu
nan province; report 10,300 slain.
10— Sovlti returns Vllna to Lithuania.
11— Britain and Russia sign trade agree
ment.
27— Pope Pius In encyclical assails dic
tators.
28— Thousands arrested as Czechs and
Nazis battle in Prague.
NOVEMBER
2—Slovak mob wrecks shops and news
gapers In Bratislava, Hungary.
ritlsh threaten to abolish self-rule
in India.
20—Kx-kaiser narrowly escapes death In
storm at Doom.
DECEMBER
3—Japan faces scarcity of food this
winter.
Peru opens great new port facilities
to Callao.
11—Italy qulta league of nations.
DOMESTIC
U. S. GUARDS NEUTRALITY
—Special congressional session
institutes “cash-and-carry” neu
trality as Americans rush home
from Europe, atvay from war
zone.
JANUARY
J—Former Gov. Frank Murphy of Mich
igan takes oath as U. S. attorney gen
eral.
Harry Hopkins sworn In as Secretary
of commerce.
3—Seventy-sixth congress convenes,
fr—President sends to congress $10,000,
000,000 budget for 1940 fiscal year.
Felix Frankfurter nominated for U.
S. Supreme court.
12— President, In message, asks 552 mil
lions more for defense.
16—President asks extension of social
security benefits.
19—President asks legislation to end tax
free public salaries and to levy on
all securities.
FEBRUARY
1— President makes new demand for
150 millions more tor PWA after sign
ing appropriation bill with that
amount cut out.
9— House passes bill making state and
municipal employees subject to In
come tax.
13— Justice Brandels retires from the
U. S. Supreme court.
15— House approves $376,000,000 defense
bill.
25—James J. Hines, Tammany chief,
convicted of violating lottery laws.
27—U. S. Supreme court rules sit-down
strikes Illegal.
MARCH
2— Ex-Judge Martin T. Manton Indicted
by federal grand Jury In New York
as bribe taker.
7— Senate passes $358,000,000 army ex
tension bill.
8— House passes bill giving President
restricted authority to reorganize de
partments.
16— Lieut-Gov. l.auren D. Dickinson
sworn In as governor of Michigan to
succeed the late Frank D. Fitzgerald.
18—U. S. puts penalty tariff on German
imports.
23—James J. Hines. Tammany leader,
sentenced to serve four to eight
vears In prison.
27—u. S. Supreme court holds federal
and state governments may lax sal
aries of each other's employees.
APRIL
3—C. I. O. union ordered to pay Apex
Hosiery company $711,930 damages
for sit-down strike.
i—E. J. Kelly re-elected mayor of Chi
cago.
Senate passes bill removing recipro
cal lax Immunities from state and
federal salaries.
William O. Douglas confirmed tor
Supreme court.
10— Senate rejects amendment to give
WPA 50 millions more, then passes
original bill.
15— President addresses peace plea to
European dictators: 9«ks 10-year
peace guarantee.
18—War department assigns Charles A.
Lindbergh to study U. S. aviation
facilities.
25—President makes first transfer under
reorganization act; creates three su
peragencies
27—President asks 1,762 million more for
relief.
MAY
1—U. S Supreme court denies appeal
of miners convicted of Illinois bomb
outrages.
11— Coal confrees agree on new contract
with operators.
Senate passed record-breaking $1,
218.666.572 farm bill.
12— President names Admiral Leahy gov
ernor of Puerto Rico
16— House votes each congressman an
other clerk at annual cost of $658,500
without a roll call.
17— Senate kills New Deal Florida canal
bill
18— Senate passes $773,000,000 naval ap
propriation bill.
20—Yankee Clipper files from Long Is
land to Europe, opening trans-Atlan
tic air mail service.
22— Boss Pendergast of Kansas City giv
en 15 months In federal prison for
Income tax evasion.
23— House approves farm appropriation
bill as passed by senate.
25—Fritz Kuhn, Nazi bund leader, in
dicted In New York on theft charges.
27— Yankee Clipper returns from Europe.
JUNE
1— Senate passes bill lifting long term
bonded national debt limit above
*30,000,000,000.
2— Contract for 24 warships costing
$330,000,000 awarded by navy depart
ment.
3— Former Judge Manton found guilty
of bribery.
5—House rejects plan to make Hyde
Park home a memorial to President
Roosevelt.
7— King George and Queen Elizabeth of
Great Britain enter United States at
Niagara Falls; officially welcomed
bv Secretary of State Hull.
8— King and queen of Great Britain
welcomed to Washington by Presi
dent Roosevelt; attend state dinner
at White House.
10— House votes big slash In payroll
taxes; benefits are increased.
11— King and queen end U. S. visit.
13—House votes drastic limitations on
future operations of TVA.
15—King ana queen sail for home.
19— House passes tax bill of 1,844 mil
lions; retains nuisance taxes, but
revises levies on corporations.
20— Senate committee boosts pork bar
rel bill from $83,848,100, as passed
by the house, to $407,855,600.
22—House restores 37 millions previously
cut from army appropriation bill.
Farm bill boosted 225 millions by
the house.
25— Fraud bared at Louisiana university.
26— Gov, Leche steps down and Lieut.
Gov. Long is sworn In In Louisiana.
$600,000 fraud laid to President
Smith of the Louisiana university.
28— Senate adds 73 million to relief bill
and passes It.
29— House hands administration defeat
of neutrality bill; endorses embargo
on arms shipments.
30— Senate lets Roosevelt's money rule
die by preventing legislation to ex
tend.
House passes neutrality bill barring
arms shipments.
JULY
5— Senate adopts conference report on
reviving President's money powers.
6— W. P. Buckner given two years tn
prison on Philippine railway bond
charges.
10—President gives Paul V. McNutt of
Indiana Job as head of the newly
created Federal Security administra
tion.
13— Senate votes to fix payroll tax at 1
per cent until 1943.
14— President signs bill giving war de
partment power to hide secret new
equipment from spies.
20—House passes bill to curb bureau
crats In politics.
24— House committee shelves President's
$800,000,000 housing program.
Nation-wide lottery swindle using
name of Will Rogers exposed.
25— One killed, seven shot, In battle over
nonunion labor at Boonville, Ind.
26— United States scraps trade treaty
with Japan.
Francis B. Sayre nominated for high
commissioner to the Philippines.
31—Senate lops $1,615,000,000 from spend
ing bill and passes It.
AUGUST
1— Army's flying fortress flies coast to
coast In fly* hours.
House kills President's lending
spending bill.
2— House slashes $161,000,000 from final
spending bill.
4— Senate passes third deficiency bill
of 189 millions.
Agreement reached on social se
curity amendment cutting pay roll
tax $900,000,000 In next three years.
5— Congress adjourns after appropriat
ing more than $13,000,000,000.
7— Former Governor Leche of Louisiana
and two others indicted in hot oil
quiz.
14 — President advances Thanksgiving
day one week, naming November 23.
15— WPA raises pay of 2,000,000 workers
$5,000,000 a month. New York fair
asks bondholders for $4,820,000 to
meet debts.
18—U. S. and Canada sign new pact for
air service.
20—Louisiana oil czar. Dr. J. A. Shaw,
witness against ex-Gov. R. W. Leche,
kills self.
24—President pleads for peace; cables
Hitler, Poles, and king of Italy.
29—German liner Bremen held up at
New York for search.
SEPTEMBER
2—Liner Bremen allowed to depart from
New York.
6—Roosevelt establishes naval patrol
along Atlantic coast.
11— President lifts quota on sugar to
curb prices.
12— Steel plants and railroads call back
their workers.
13— Congress called for September 21.
14— Borah opposes repeal of arms em
bargo as likely to put American into
WAT.
18— Soviet purchasing agent tells of pay
ments to persons connected with
Democratic national committee.
20— At a conference of Republican and
Democratic leaders Roosevelt urges
repeal of neutrality act.
21— Congress convenes In special ses
sion: Roosevelt urges early repeal of
arms embargo provision of neutrality
act.
25—American Legion convenes In annual
session in Chicago.
27— Sudden dissolution of war resources
board causes surprise.
28— Administration's neutrality repealer
bill sent to the senate.
29— Powerful naval fleet ordered to Ha
waii.
OCTOBER
2—Debate on repeal of neutrality act
begins In senate.
4— Army places an order for 329 high
speed, light tanks.
5— Grover C. Bergdoll. draft dodger,
sentenced to 714 years in prison.
1—Bishop Ablewhlte sent to prison for
fund shortage.
10—War department orders 65,000 semi
automatic rifles.
12—William Green elected president of
A. F. of L. for sixteenth time.
17—Brazil orders $5,870,000 rail equip
ment from America.
15— President closes American ports to
submarines of warring nations.
19— New house bill bans financial aid
to warring nations.
20— Roosevelt sets three-mile limit for
submarines.
23— Indiana endurance flyers descend
after 535 hours; new record.
24— Senate adopts cash and carry amend
ments to neutrality bill.
25— Government sues 236 railroads under
Sherman antitrust act.
27— Senate votes. 63 to 30, to repeal arms
embargo provision of neutrality act.
Bill goes to house.
28— Carl Bevins, Missouri flyer, kidnaped
and slain in his own plane by Ernest
Pletch, arrested.
29— California flyers land after 726 hours
in air—new record.
30— U. S. assesses Germany 50 millions
for Black Tom and Kingsland blasts
during World war.
31— United Mine Workers raise $3,000,000
for political fight in 1940.
President asks 276 million for added
defense.
NOVEMBER
2—House votes against embargo on
arms: bill goes to conference.
5— Congress passes neutrality repeal bill
and adjourns
4—President signs repeal bill and bars
war zones to American shipping.
6— Supreme court rules state cannot
tax HOLC mortgages.
7— Old age pension plana defeated in
Ohio and California.
AAA will make loans to cotton grow
ers on new crop.
8— Navy sends marines to Hawaii to
strengthen Pacific defense
Fifteen U. S. oil tankers transferred
to Panamanian registry.
9— Roosevelt demands Lewis, head of
C 1. O.. resume peace negotiations
with A F. of L.
12—Dr. Smith, former president of L. S
U., given 8 to 24 years for univer
sity scandals.
14—Louis Levy. New York lawyer, dis
barred in Manton scandal.
16—A1 Capone, gang leader, released
from federal prison; enters Baltimore
hospital.
Dr. Smith, former L. S. U. presi
dent, attempts suicide in prison.
General Motors found guilty in anti
trust suit; 17 individuals acquitted.
20—Michigan governor offers state pro
tection to Chrysler employees who
want to work.
Foreign nations reported to be heavy
buyers of copper.
Court upholds C. I. O. over A. F. of
L., In union fight
21— Proportion of civil tervlce employee*
reduced under President Roosevelt.
22— U. S. court upholds wage-hour law In
Montgomery Ward case.
Supreme court voids cities' ban on
handbills.
24—President suggests special taxes for
half billion increase In defense ap
propriations.
28—President summons budget director
to discuss departmental cuts.
27— Morgenthau declares next congress
must lift legal debt limit.
28— Chrysler company and C. I. O. agree
on basis of peace after auto plants
are tied up 53 days.
29— Jury finds German-American bund
leader Fritz Kuhn guilty on forgery
and theft charges.
30— Roosevelt sends sharp note to Russia
asking that bombing of cities stop.
DECEMBER
2— Curtiss plants speed building of war
planes.
3— Winnie Ruth Judd. Insane slayer,
again escapes from prison in Arizona.
8—Fritz Kuhn, bund leader, sentenced
to prison for two and a half years.
7— Upward trend seen in several lines
or business.
8— Secretary Hull protests British block
ade.
9— Roosevelt orders a special naval dis
trict in Caribbean.
11—RFC grants $10,000,000 loan to Fin
land.
U. S. Supreme court bars evidence
gained by wire tapping.
13— Twelve naval captains promoted
to be rear admirals.
14— ICC approves trainload rail rate re
duction.
18—Garner announces candidacy for
Democratic presidential nomination.
DISASTERS
SQUALUS SINKS —V. S.
navy's diving bell gets first real
test rescuing 33 survivors from
sunken submarine. Twenty-six
others die.
JANUARY
21—The airliner Cavalier wrecked at sea
oft Cape May, N. J„ three lost, 10
saved.
23—Bomber crashes on test hop at Los
Angeles; pilot killed.
25—Thirty thousand killed, 50.000 Injured
by earthquake In Chile; towns wiped
out in disaster.
FEBRUARY
2—Japanese submarine sunk In colli
sion.
11—Army mystery plane crashes after
coast-to-coast flight at 340-mlle rate.
MARCH
2—Two hundred killed in explosion of
munitions dump in Japan; 800 houses
destroyed.
18—Ten killed In airplane crash near
Tacoma. Wash.
25—Airliner crashes In Oklahoma, killing
eight.
APRIL
♦—Four navy fliers killed when planes
collide In maneuvers.
13—Twenty-eight killed, 50 injured tn
train wreck in Mexico.
18—Tornadoes in Arkansas, Texas and
Louisiana cause 53 deaths and in
juries to 300.
MAY
23— Fifty-nine trapped In sunken sub
marine Squalus.
24— Thirty-three rescued alive from Squa
lus, 26 dead.
JUNE
1—Missing British submarine found
mired in mud; 99 lost.
♦—Twenty-two persons killed in Mexi
can theater fire.
18—Seventy-one lives lost In wreck of
French submarine.
18—Ten dead, 63 injured In Minnesota
tornado.
JULY
5—Fifty-three drowned, 47 missing, in
flood In mountains of eastern Ken
tucky.
12— Mystery explosion and fire damage
navy aircraft carrier Ranger.
14—Twenty-eight perish in mine blast at
Providence, Ky.
17—Five killed as train hits auto in Chi
cago suburb.
23—Avalanche on Mount Baker. Wash.,
kills two, four missing.
AUGUST
11—Nine U. S. army filers and two navy
fliers killed as two bombers crash.
13— Fourteen killed as Miami to Rio de
Janeiro plane crashes in Rio harbor.
Twenty-three killed, 60 injured, when
streamliner is wrecked In Nevada;
rail officials charge sabotage.
SEPTEMBER
25—Storm in California kills 100; dam
age. $1,000,000.
28—Munitions plant blast in Britain
kills IS.
OCTOBER
11—Wreck of school bus at War. W. Va..
kills six; 71 Injured.
NOVEMBER
14— Five hundred killed and injured when
fire engulfs Venezuelan oil port.
DECEMBER
3—Typhoon ravages five islands In the
Philippines.
SPORTS
IRON MAN STRIKES OUT—
Lou Gehrig, “iron man of base
ball,” retires from New York
Yankees with paralysis infection
after hanging up all-time rec
ord for games played.
JANUARY
3—Southern California football team de
feats Duke in Rose Bowl.
17—Edward G. Barrow elected president
of the New York Yankees.
25—Joe Louis, heavyweight champion,
stopped John Henry Lewis in first
round in New York.
FEBRUARY
0—National Professional Football league
re-elects Joseph Carr president for
10 years.
23—Tony Galento scores technical knock
out over Abe Feldman.
MARCH
20—Charles Bowser named bead football
coach at Pitt.
APRIL
2—Ralph Guldahl wins Masters golf title
at Atlanta, Ga.
17— Joe Louis, heavyweight champion,
knocks out Jack Roper In first round.
18— Joey Archibald wins featherweight
title from Leo Rodak In 15 rounds.
MAY
8—Johnstown won Kentucky derby.
20— Joseph F. Carr, National Football
league president, dies.
25—Henry Armstrong, welterweight, de
feats Ernie Roderick. British cham
pion, In 15 rounds.
30—Shaw wins Indianapolis auto race,
averaging 115.035 miles per hour.
Roberts Killed.
JUNE
1—Lou Nova scores technical knockout
over Max Baer in eleventh round.
12—Centennial birthday of baseball cele
brated at Cooperstown, N. Y„ where
it originated.
21— Lou Gehrig, Mayo clinic physicians
announce after check-up, has Infan
tile paralysis; playing career ended.
28—Joe Louis stops Tony Galento in the
fourth round.
JULY
8—Alice Marble wins British tennis
championship at Wimbledon.
11—American league wins all-star base
ball game, 3 to 1.
30—Dick Metz wins St. Paul open golf
championship with record score of
270.
AUGUST
7—Elmer Layden of Notre Dame cho
sen head coach of all-star football
team.
14—Chicago White Sox play first night
£ame In Comiskey park.
ou Ambers regains lightweight title
in 15-round bout with Armstrong.
SEPTEMBER
5—Roscoe Turner wins Thompson tro
phy air race third time.
15—Tony Galento stops Nova In 14
rounds.
16—Bobby Riggs, Alice Marble win U. S.
net titles.
17—Yankees cinch American league pen
nant.
20—Joe Louis knocks out Bob Pastor in
11 rounds.
28—Cincinnati Reds win National league
pennant.
OCTOBER
8—Yankees win world's baseball series
in four straight games.
17—Bucky Walters, Cincinnati pitcher,
voted most valuable player in Na
tional league.
24—Joe DiMaggio wins American league
most valuable player award.
NOVEMBER
1—A1 Davis stops Tony Canzonerl In
third round.
17—Billy Conn, light heavyweight cham
pion. successfully defends title
against Lesnevitch in 15 rounds.
DECEMBER
9—Eddie Anderson awarded plaque as
football coach of year.
10—Green Bay Packers whip New York
Giants to win professional football
title.
11—Nile Klnnlck, Iowa football star,
named No. 1 athlete of all sports in
i annual poll.
IS—New York Yankees voted best team
in any sport.
NECROLOGY
■lPIVS PAPA XI,
POPE SUCCUMBS—The de
vout kneel in prayer before cas
ket containing the body of Pope
Pius XI.
JANUARY
13—Col. Jacob Ruppert, owner of the
New York Yankees.
26—Former Sen. Joseph I. France of
Maryland, in Baltimore.
FEBRUARY
3—Frederick Steiwer, former senator
from Oregon.
9—Pope Pius XI.
13—Rt. Rev. J. M. Francis, Episcopalian
bishop .of Indianapolis.
15— Charles R. Crane, former diplomat.
16— Dr. Clarence True Wilson, prohibi
tion leader.
MARCH
2—Howard Carter, who found King Tut’s
tomb, in London.
5— Former U. S. Attorney General John
G. Sargent.
29—Gerardo Machado, former dictator
of Cuba.
APRIL
6— Premier Joseph Lyons of Australia.
9—James Hamilton Lewis, U. S. senator
from Illinois.
11—S. S. Van Dine, mystery-story writer,
real name Willard H. Wright.
MAY
26—Dr. Charles Mayo, famous surgeon.
JUNE
19—Miss Grace Abbott, noted welfare
worker and University of Chicago
professor.
26—Ford Maddox Ford. British author.
JULY
7— Claude A. Swanson, secretary of the
navy.
8— Havelock Ellis, scientist and philoso
pher.
18—J. Louis Comiskey, owner of Chi
cago White Sox baseball team.
28—Dr. William J. Mayo, co-founder with
his brother of the Mayo clinic.
AUGUST
14—T. E. Powers, famed cartoonist
SEPTEMBER
4—Charles Donnelly, president of North
ern Pacific railway.
18—Charles M. Schwab, steel magnate.
23— Sigmund Freud, originator of psycho
analysis.
24— Floyd Gibbons, war correspondent.
Can Laemmle, pioneer movie pro
ducer.
OCTOBER
2—George Cardinal Mundelein, arch
bishop of Chicago.
6—Count Von Bernstorf, German envoy
to U. S. In 1917.
23—Zane Grey, noted writer of western
stories.
29—Alice Brady, stage and screen star.
NOVEMBER
2— Opie Read, famous author.
8— Dr. Livingston Farrand, president
emeritus of Cornell university.
16—Pierce Butler, U. S. Supreme court
justice.
25— James Simpson. Chicago business
leader.
27—Dr. J. A. Naismlth. Inventor of bas
ketball.
DECEMBER
3— Alfred Granger, prominent architect
Princess Louise, duchess of Argyle,
oldest living child of Queen Victoria.
4— Marshal Wu Pei-fu. poet-soldier oi
Republican China.
J. Butler Wright, American ambas
sador to Cuba.
9— Col. John S. Hammond, sportsman
and soldier.
11—Douglas Fairbanks Sr., stage and
screen star.
Charles R. Walgreen, chain drug
store head.
18—Heywood Broun, columnist.
(Released by Western Newspaper Union.)
Dental Patients
Needn’t Fear
Physical Pain
By DR. JAMES W. BARTON
**TTNTIL recently ‘pain
less’ dentistry was
largely a myth, a phrase used
by charlatans and quacks to
lure unwilling
victims into
their fly-by
night offices.
But today,
every major
dental operation can be per
formed without the least pain a
to the patient. Much of the w
suffering due to operative
dentistry—filling and remov
ing teeth—is today altogether
unnecessary.”
I am quoting Frederick Ft.
Adams, D. D. S., New York,
in Hygeia.
Unfortunately most individ
uals do not know that dentists
can do so much work about
the teeth and gums without
causing pain and so allow
these harmful conditions to
become worse rather than
visit their dentist. ‘‘Though
physical anguish has been up
rooted at last, the difficult
matter of doing away with fear and
‘imagined’ suffering remains un
Dr. Barton
solved. I think more
people are deterred
from making needed
visits to their den- f
tists because they *
fear they may be
hurt than for all oth
er reasons com
bined.
“A new anaesthet
er reasons corn
name) has been de
veloped quite re
cently. Already over
8,000,000 injections
of this new drug have been made,
and it gives every indication of be
ing a decided improvement on any
other anaesthetic now available to
the dentist. Not only is the onset
of anaesthesia swifter, but this new
preparation is more thorough; ap
parently entirely safe, and so stable
that boiling will not spoil it.
Broken Into Harmless Substance.
“What is more no bad effect on
the heart has been observed in any
of the nuftnerous trials. Nor does
this new drug ‘accumulate’ in the
body, for when the blood stream
carries it to the liver, it is broken
down into almost completely harm
less substances."
Your dentist and physician will
tell you that when infected gums
and teeth are too long neglected, the
removal of teeth, too far gone to
be worth trying to save, may cause
injury to the gums and surrounding
tissues so that the "open" blood ves
sels may carry infection to joints
and heart, causing rheumatism and
heart disease.
* * •
X-Rays Used to
Treat Carbuncles
\X7'HEN we think of carbuncle we
** have in mind a number of
boils occurring in a group. Appar
ently a little infection or boil starts
at the bottom of a hair root, ap
proaches the skin surface, and for
some reason cannot get through at
first. The infection then travels be- ,1
neath the skin to the next hair and jfl
again approaches the surface. This
happens a number of times so that
there may be as many as six or
more boils all ready to break
through the skin in what appears
to be one large lump.
Physicians and surgeons are very
careful in their treatment of car
buncles, particularly about the face,
as the poisons imprisoned may
prove dangerous to life if carried to
distant parts, particularly the brain.
X-Rays Prove Valuable.
Dr. F. W. O’Brien, Boston, in the
New England Journal of Medicine,
points out that the death rate among
130 hospital patients with severe car
buncle receiving X-ray treatment
alone or together with surgery was
3 per cent. There were no deaths
among 57 patients with carbuncle
on the face treated with the X-ray
alone. There was no evidence that
the diabetic patient, in whom car
buncles are common, could not un
dergo X-ray treatment safely. The
patients who were treated early,
only by X-rays, recovered in a
shorter time than did the others
who were treated by surgery, or by
surgery and X-ray.
It is certainly gratifying to learn
that another distressing and at
times dangerous ailment is being
treated so successfully by X-rays.
When first the X-rays were discov
ered their usefulness was to make
sure that a bone was broken or to
locate some object in the stomach
or other organs and tissues.
A point that must be remembered,
however, is that X-ray is now a spe
cialty in medicine, just as any other
specialty. It does not consist in
just taking pictures. It requires
knowledge and skill to interpret the
findings and to know exactly how
much of the X-ray to prescribe,
and the distance and angle from
the skin surface.
(Released by Western Newspaper Union.)