The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, September 23, 1939, City Edition, Page 3, Image 3

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    Dr. E. J. Scott Replies To Kelly MiSler On New Deal Benefits
For two score years and more
he who ventured to enter a tourn
ament to tilt lances with the re
doubtable Dean Kelly Miller usu
ally found hirrrelf in a conies,,
which tr'ed his mettle to the- ut
termost. This observation is made
before seeking to reply to his re
cent news release commenting up
on my recent designation by
Chairman John Hamilton as one
of the Publicity Directors and
Advisors hero at Republican Nat
ional Committee Headquarters.
For more than thir^v years I
havo enjoyed Dean Miller’s warm,
personal and affect onate friend
ship. ITe is one of the most be
loved of Howard University’s
myriad group of Alumni, and 1
probably mere affectionately re
gard* d by the nearly 300 gradu
ates who leave the inst tution each
year, than any individual who has
ever been connected with the ins
titution during the 72 years of its
-educational history. He is also be
loved by countless thousands of
other-, black and white who ad
mire his scholarship his eloquence
and his many and spirited defen
ses of his race.
He is probab’y our best known
publicist and polemical writer. His
eword has known no brother
where the vital interests of his
peoplo were con'v-ned.
Far his k.mJly reTe-ences w> m
personally I make due acknowl
edgement and express with due
fenmil'ty, my gruteful thanks.
There can he no quarrel between
us, b.s we clearly and frar'dv un
derstand each other’s jwition
with respect to present day po
litical conditions.
The New Deal challenges Dean
Killer’s unrivaled panageries un
der all conditions 'and circum
stances. None of the abuses, none
«f the brutalarian tactics em
ployed to humiliate unfortunate
colored people in the adnunistra
tion of the NRA, AAA, FSA,
TJSHA, FHA, Resettlement, The
Wage and Hour l>aw and other
alphabetical agencies have chal
lenged, or aroused, his resent
ment, or criticism.
With all of his high praise, I
laannnt accept Dean Miller’s dic
tum that, while I have remained
loyal to the ideals and traditions
«»f the Republican Party “the ma
jority of the mast outstanding
and influential members of the
race have been enticed away from
their political mooriing by the al
lurement of the Democratic Par
ty and the New Deal.”
While it is true that a large
number of colored men have been
placed in executive relationship in
(roremment agencies, it still re
mains trues, in my opinion that
■many of these men, as well as
thousand sand thousands of oth
ers, outside of public office, have
not been slow to recognize the
fact that, despite such dramatic
gestures as have been made, the
-race, itself, t-ilcen as a whole, ac
tually has remained relatively
outside the limits of New Deal
>
processes.
Whatever small gsirts have been
made, have been more than over
balanr ' sv,-rmpe' as it ware, b;,
the ir - of a ,m'nistr’*t’>n. j
The Second N'oioral Confer
once on the Prr 1 - of he Neg
ro and Negro Y-u!’' ur sparingly
called attention to glaring drier!
minations and mi chievous ten
dencies in the administration of
most, of these agencies.
In the case of one of them the
Conference noted a “tendency to
use Federal funris for purposes of
C'x ng residential patterns accord
ing to local p.-ejudices, thereby
establishing segregated areas and
racial ghettos,”—reference be
ing made to the Federal Housing
Administration. Many similar
instances of g’aring di crimina
tion were pointed out. Particular
ly, failure to appoint colored men j
to positions in administrative and
policy-making bodies, where the
greatest influence and wisdom |
are most necessary to safeguard
minority rights.
There has been no effort made
to integrate Negroes into private
industry. Ifne great masses of
'olored people still rema-in and
liefers” or deoles.” In the field
i f Relief Administration, the See
■n l Conference on Negri I’rob
!ems pointed out that * expert
•p»c” has shown that Relief Ad
ministrators in many states and
muniicipalties’ either lack sympa- I
thetie understand ng of the pro’o
brns of minority groups, Or are
f’evrous of preventing Negroes
fmir, enuitably sharing the bene
fits of relief programs.”
I cannot br'ng myself to believe
that Dean Miller, in his fulsome
oreise of New Deal activities, is
in agreement w'th these discrim
inatory techniques.
I need not point out, of course
the most recent discriminatory
action of the Secretary of War in
refusing to pet aside, sums of
money to be made available 'that
Negro Youth may take its proper j
place in the various armed ser
vices of the Government, at a time
when the menace of war may be
all but trending. Discrimina
tion and segregation of Negro
citizens in the armed forces of the
Government are still rampant.
Allurements of New Deal
Dean Miller places great reli
ance upon the “allurements” of
! the New Deal. Probably our fund
amental difference io that I be
lieve in the saving grace of the
sanity of Negro Americans and
that they are subject to the same
educational processes of demo
cratic government as other citi
zens of the Republic.
In their evaluation of so-called
New Deal “benefits,” I believe
Negro Americans are cultivating
a long range vision and that they
aro just as much apposed to cen
tralized administrative machinery
for partisan purposes as other
groups of forward-lookiing citi
zens. The chief “allurement” upon
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depending: for N gro support u
‘relief.”
I believe X -srro A eric \ns
hr'ieve a*v* i:iwl'* thrt ’Hef
'’ottH b' administ. e' for the
r rd nr l not for o I t .‘ian . as
v 0/> 1«rg«ly t i’e i i the
pan;. I' t’”' N r-o pe""b; are to
have a solid, industrial founda
tion they cannot accept a philo
-ophy which recepts relief as a
cure for unemployment.
Further, I cannot believe that a
n°?r subsistence level is what
Americans without regard to race
creed or color desire.
I insist that what Negro Amer
icans need and desire are steady
,rb~. with decent Amer'can wngps.
If t^ese fail them, practically
everything* regents placid accept
ance of r lief as a necessary pal
liative for unemployment.
It. certainly remains true, as of
this date, that with all of the
rill ions coent during the last six
and oner half years, the American
economic machinery “has stalled
on dead center," as the New Deal
dominated Monopoly Committee
has recently pointed out
So much then for argument if
argument be needei
It is not necessary for me to
characterize the failures of the
New Deal Administration in so
ft>r as ■tv>ev relate to our colored
emulation. I certainly *an me no
stronger words than those of a
leading newspaper, The Pittsburg
Courier wvieh supported tve New
Deal in, the 1932 and 1936 elect
ion’*. Apparently in deep disap
pointment and disgust, The Cour
rie.' said:
“The Now Deal !(*s done
little to end color discrim’na
tion but a great deal to pro
long it. P.eginning with the
NR A it bowed to the will of
the reactionary South both in
side and out«ide the South. It
bad a wondefrful opportunity
t.o show America how the
Negro ought bo be treated
through cowardice and polit
ical opportunism. Most Amer
icans would have approved a
Souare Deal Policy, but in
stead the Southern tail wagged
t*>« Democratic dog. “For the
Negro the New Deal has been
th eOld Deal in new clothes.
With powers almost as great
as those of Hitler, Stalin and
ministration in NRA, FHA,
Mmsolini. the Democratic Ad
PWA, CCC, WPA and a dozen
others alphabetical set-ups.
“Washington D. C. is as jim
crow as even, if not more so,
but no single word from Mr. Roo
sevelt. He (has exJpreused shock
Vm/- the beating of the Jews
abroad, but not over lynching of
Negroes at home. Mr. Roosevelt
could have at least deplored the
fact that Negroes are pariahs
within the shadow of the White
House, hue he preferred to make
speeches condemning the dictators
for doing the same thing to Jews,
Catholics and others abroad.
* The president embarked en
thusiastically upon an initra-parly
political campaign against Demo
crats refusing to endorse his New
Deal pol'tics, but evidently ap
proves of Senators and Congress
men who endorse the Old Deal
of flagrant color discrimination in
relief and other New Deal set-ups.
“Tho President has a wonder
ful opportunity to teach America
an object lesson in fair play to
ward a loyal minority. It this was
impractical in the North, East
and West, he could at least have
said somethin. He chose to re
main silent although supplied
with documentary evidence of col- J
or discrimination in almost every
New Deal set-up.”
Says South Disappointed
C. W. Rice, editor of the Negro
Labor News, and president and
manager of The Texas Negro
Business and Laboring Men’s As
sociation, has just returned to his
home after making a study of
Negro labor conditions in practi
cally nil of the Northern and
Eastern States. A summary of
his findings follows:
“That Negroes, both in the
North and in the South are dis
appointed with the New Deal.
Economic and labor conditions are
worse, fundamentally, than at any
time since Emancipation. In the
South, the New Deal crop control
policy has thrown millions out
of work, and evicted them from
their cabins in the cotton fields,
thereby causing privation and
starvaty>n, for which the Govy
ernn’gnt provi .es ,on.y merger re
lief that barely hold, brdy and j
soul tog.t'.'.-r. “N4 w comes the i
L^bor Union Mm-ement, under j
tho National I-abo. Relst ..nr Act.j
which gives forty-o-’ • po-r'nt or !
the workers in a given plant the
ri*rht to fonn a union, which b'
ernes the sde bargaini ; agea~>
i*. r all tho workers in said plant.
Mn-t of the labor unions have the
color bar and discriminatory pra
c' ict-; ngainst Negroes. The clos
ed shop agreement, won employ
ee is causing the wholesale re
placement of Negroes on practi
cally all job;, including railroad,
cc‘ton industries, cafes and hotels
in sdl section! of the country.
“I find that in Government em
ployment, even at \V ashington,
Negroes are being replaced as
messengers, elevator; operatn-s
janitors, etc. Aside from dole jobs
(WPA), about the biggo t thing
Negro Dealers are doing for Ne
gro employment is the hiring of
some few Negroes in strategic
positions to travel over the coun
try and picture Utop as tq the
working class of Negroes, if they
will only continue to be loyal to ]
the New Deal.
“I am thoroughly convinced
that the great majority of Ne
groes oven in the North, are dis
gusted with such promises which
they failed to materialize. They
arc realiz ng that industrial con
ditions are going from bad to
worse.”
With these words from a promi
nent newspaper that helped elect
the New Deal and from a leader
of better labor conditions ringing
in their earn, it rather occurs to
me to say that thoughtful Color
ed Americans will keep in m n^
these strictures, and will in -my
opinion want to find the'r way
hnck to a party cf which it may
be said, that, at least it has al
ways stood for tho basis principle
of American democracy; and that
not a single discriminatory, re
pressive or disfranchising law
not a single jim-crow; not a sin
gle peonage law; not a single
Government regulation setting up
reg onal v^age d'jfferentials, has
ever been passed by any stat'
dominated by Republican public
opinion, or by any Repub'ican ad
ministration at Washnigton.
These things of which "n
Courier and NV'. Rice complain
oro of importance to us. They can
not be condoned, overlooked, or
forgotten. Our first poncom must
ever be for the preservation of
the basis guarantees of our civil
equality before the law, and our
right to fair consideration in al.
the pursuits of hapiness.
It must still remain for the
great masses of colored voters t'
decide by the ivrotes whether th'
guarantees written into the Fed
eral Constitution by he Repub
lics! Party shall be preserved by
that party or whether will sup
port that ancient opposition
sought to abregate and destroy
them.
In all I have written, it is as a
citizen of the RopubLc, deeply
and seriously concerned with its
institutions, and wish its Notion
al oconomy preserved, and its
Jesting along progressive lines as
sured, for what concerns the fu
ture of other Americans is of
deep concern to them also.
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Fa. to Probe Condition
of Its Negroes
ha risburg, Pa Sept. 21 (AMP)
— \ Lincoln university professor
will be the executive director of
the G jvernor’s Temporary CVm
mission on Negro conditions, ac
cording to the semi-official word
hc--e; otherwise there is much
speculation an to who will be on
the commission with its $10,000
budget.
Dr. Lauronco Fos->“ j ofossor
of history and education at Lin
coln. and a graduate of both Lin
coln and the University of Penn
sylvania, is the person slated for
the executive post. He will help
the commission to “examine, re
port upon, and recommend mea
sures to improve the economic,
cul ural, health and living condi
tions of the Urban Negro popu
lation of the state.”
Tho bill to authorize the com
mission was introduced in the leg
iilature by E. Washinirton Rhod*^
01 uber from Philadelphia. The
legislature approp"".ated $15,030
I f v. the investigation, but Gov.
1m ■ H. .James, slashed it to
$10,003. The conimi. si <n is to con
is < i 15 members, six appointed
each by the president of the sen
ate and the speaker of the house
and two by the governor.
It is certain that Aiisembly
mai: Rhodes will bo named. Other
Negroes mentioned are Rep. Hom
er Brown, Democrat of Pitts
burgh, called one of the most ca
pable man in tho leg'slature; Mrs.
Maude B. Coleman, Dauphin
county Republican and one inter
ri^ial consultant in the depart
ment of welfare; Atty. Joseph
Givens, Pittsburgh; Pishop David
H. Sima, of the AME church;
Maurice- Moss, Urban league
head, Pittsburgh, and Mrs. S.
Will.e Layten, head of the na
tions's Baptist women.
Whito members will complete
ti j commission, including, accord
ing to reports, Lewis G. Hines,
secretary of labor and industry,
in' Kichard P. Brown, director
the iate department of cona
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