The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, December 04, 1937, Page SIX, Image 6
COMMENTS EDITORIAL PAGE opinions | THE OMAHA GUIDE Published Every Saturday at 2418-20 Grant Street, Omaha, Nebraska Phones: WEbster 1517 or 1518 Altered as Second Class Matter March 15. 1927, at the Postoffice at Omaha, Neb., underAct of Congress of March 8, 1879. TBKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION |2.00 PER YEAR Race prejudice mast go. The Fatherhood of God and the Brother hood of Man must prevail. These are the only principles which will stand the acid test of good. All News Copy of Churches and all Organizations must be In our •ffice not later than 5:00 p. m. Monday for current issue. All Adver tising Copy or Paid Articles not later than Wedneaday noon, proceed ing date of issue, to insure publication. _ ..EDITORIALS.. Lynching—A National Evil Demands A National Remedy By KELLY MILLER * The Inslit ii <■ of Public Opinion hi a nation wide poll sough*! to determine die atfi ude of American people on tdite^ advisabi! ity of Federal ne ion for lynching. The returns Showed 72 per i cent favored such action by the national poverninen*, while 1 28 per cent opposed i . It was somewfhat suVprising. (although greatly gratifying, to no e tluit 57 per <*ent of Southerners in his poll upheld iw.ervtn ion of national authority in opposi tion to this na ional evil liynching is a peculiar Ainer ieaji a'roeity which prevails no where else among civilized or semicivilized people. Its preva lenoe is not dm? primarily ti 1ho presence of a large number of Negroeh in otiV1 section of the country. Tn Brazil and in^ hte West Indies the Negro eon 1 ingent forms a larger pari of the general population than in the United IShateti. They also represent a lower status of ed ueafnin and culture, and vet, in these countries lynching is unknown ntwT the inhabitants learn of it only front the Ainer man press During the past bO years over hree thousand Ant erieen citizens have been tour dered bv blood thirsty mobs. At leas* fifteen hundred white men and women have been vie tints of the rone and torch. Tf not a single Negro had been lynched this atrocious iniquity would still s‘nin and stigmat ize the fair name of our belov ed country in the eyes of the world. Neither can it he claimed, ns is too often attempted, lvn'e.h ine is confined to the Southern States. Tf not a single person, white or black, had been lynch off in dhe South in the last 50 yen,rs. hundreds of victims in other sections of the country, would cause the na'ion anxious concern. Every state in the Un ion with the exception of four or five of the New England States, has had its soil stained with human blood at the hands of the murderous mob. The Mot has spread throughout the whole nation, and lilce the heth’s hands, will not out. Tf according; to Abraham Lin eoln’a dictum flhis nafion can not remain half slave and half free his dav. it cannot now continue hnilf lvr.oh ridden and half lvtieh free. Tf some sneer lne foreitm erifie should auh stitute 'Land of lvnoticrs’ for ‘Sweet land of liber*v’ in our national anthem we wonld have nnlv onr erruosomp nnstime to Marne. America is the most law wntdd. Lvnehingr is hut the eli max of lawlessness. Tf this na tion does not destroy lawless nesR, rtf which lyiichingr is the master crime, lawlessness will destroy the nation. Determined patriotism and enlightened sta'csnumalup are resolved that this nation must be lynch free. They must, there fore, adopt effective means of bringing about this eonsuina tion, devoutly to be wished. For fifty years we have quib bled over the responsibility be tween state and federal an. h ority while three thousand Am erican citizens, white and col ored, men and women, have fall on prey to the blood thirsty mob. State action has proven to be utterly ineffective to deal with lynching, as with human slavery and kidnapping. When tho blood of thousands of vie tims of mob murder cry out to God from the ground there is little time or patience for quib tiling ovetr constitutional .juris diction. The malady is nation wide; the diseasp is systema ic and the remedy to be effective wide spread as the disease with ‘must be us deep seated and as which it is calculated to cope. If state authority is unequal to t’he task, then Federal iuterven tion beeoints inevitable, else our statesmanship and patriot ism must s|taiid appalled and paralyzed. There seems to be a disposi tion on the part of politicians, North and South, Democrat or Republican, to exploit this tra gic situation to woo the Negro vote on the one hand, or to jus tify its suppression on the oth er. Both of these attitudts are equally reprehensible. This is but playing ^politics with hu mam misery in its aeutest form. The provincial pilitfrians who are now seeding to defetat the pending Anti Lynching Bill on the plea of States Ripftts and local sovereignity are the heirs and assigns of their anti slave ry prototypes who sought to defeat the fundamental rights of human nature under the same pita. Bu(t they are fore doomed to failure now. as then. Senator William E. Borah, who ranks as the highest con stitutional authority in eithtr House of Congress, is the spear bead upon which opposition to the pending Anti Lynch Bill chiefly relies. He has lent the great weight of his authority against all anti lynching mens ures which have been before Congress for the past twenty DELINQUENT SUBSCRIBERS—PLEASE NOTICE The postoffice department does not permit the delivery of papers to delinquent subscribers. If your pavments are not up to date, please mail or brin* amount due to The Guide office or call WEB1517 for representative: Your cooneration will be Teatly appreciated* Ttoe Management j Children In Court | By Judge Malcolm Hatfield Following a hearing in juvenile court this week, two groups of parents learned to their amaze ment that they themselves were partly responsible for their child ren being disobedient. A careful investigation by a court officer previous to the hear ing revealed the following: The parents of the first child continually bickered with each j other over the type of discipline tto be; administered. If the father gave a command, the mother in variably countermanded it and took the side of the child. The parents of the second child frequently threatened the young ster with a whipping but never carried out their threats. On sever al occasions they sent their daugh ter to go to bed because she mis behaved when guests were present! After the visitors departed, they contradicted themselves and per mitted her to got up. So long as parents countermand their own orders or fail to carry out a warning they can expect dis- 1 obedience. When children do not Learn obedience in the home, there is very little the school can do to correct them. Eventually they are brought into court and must pay the penalty for the failure of their parents to teach them obedience. —— ■ o Youth Foreriner Ahead While sitting at home Monday , afternoon and listening to a pro gram coming through station WAAW, my interest was focused on a program which had been an nounced as the Four Rockets of Rhythm. The rendition of this quartette as heard, Monday after noon at 4:45 were indeed entertain ing. fitted with rhythm and sweet ness displaying a wealth of tone, quality that any music loving in dividual wli enjoy. | So interested was 1 in their abil- ( ity. I sought them out and found them to be four local boys, namely: Jfohn Capleton. basso; Jesse Car ter, baritone; Richard Turner, sec ond tenor and Richard Gibson, first ■tenor, one of whom plays a guitar. Upon further questioning them I found that they have appeared at the following places where they were received enthusiastictlly. Peony Park and the Broadway theatre, Council Bluffs; Paxton hotel, Jim Bell's Harlem and Mis souri Valley. Their record was so impressive that they were sought out by the WAAW radio station to appear on Its spot program and may be hrard every Monday afternoon at 4:45 p. m. In order that we may help these young men, I urge every reader to listen in every Monday evening at 4:45 p. m. over station WAAW', of which I am sure you will do. Spend one cent to help them on their way to success by dropping a postal card in the mail box addressed to the station over which they may be heard telling the management how much you enjoy the program now rendered by the Four Rockets of Rhythm. years, on the ground that they have been without! constitution al warrant. Wb are disposed to question the genuineness and sincerety of th|s robust Ameri can patriot and statesman. He is known to be as deeply oppos ed to lynching and all forms of lawlessness as ar.y Ameviean in poh'ic or private life. H is most unfoirtunate, therefore, that this distingUjisbed states nan has chosen to lend the weight p? his great prestige and authority towards defeat ing the VanNuys Wagner bill, although he fully recognizes the end aimed at is just and righteous altogether. He would be rendering a far greater ser vice to his country and human ity if he would give his great legal talent to devising a mea sure to meeting constitutional objections rasher than opposing the pending bill because of its alleged unconstitutionally. In I the moral crisis which now eon fronts the nation one ounce of (constructive proposal is worth a ton of erudite negation. An Echo From My Den By S. E. Gilbert ■ '■ ... • —---S' As I sit here in my den with pen in hand, meditating as it were, there comes to my mind the fact that black America now faces one of the greatest economic crisis of all times. In this period of economic chaos there is a need for every organized group within the race to play a part in the breaking up of this chaotic condition. Thanks be to Gad that theme now exists such stalwart organizations as the Na tional Negro Congress, CIO, N. A. A. C. P., Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Workers Alliance, all striking at the very rootn of the condition that unless its growth is atppped will strangle civilization into oblivon. But as I think of those stalwart organizations, I also think of the church, that organization which in t?he words of Bishop Noah W. Williams, spoken as he addressed the Missouri A. M. E. conference last week, said "that the church must wake up, realize its respon sibility in the present economic crisis and help find jobs for the un employed ” The intrepid clergyman said that business and professional people Whose own prosperity depends on the prosperity of the working class, should join hands with the church and aid in its nation wide economic program. The dstinguished prelate declar ed, ‘ I wish to speak loud enough not only for our fifth Episcopal district to hear, but for the entire African Methodist Episcopal church to hear, that at the bottom of our social and moral and religi ous life is our economic security. We must have a ministerial leader ship who will be socially minded and able to organize the religious forces and help them to find a way out. Our whole missionary and edu cational program at least our home fields should he thrown en [ tirely behind preparation for a type of ministerial leadership that is intelligent consecrated and has imagination and the spirit of ad venture and self sacrifice. I tell you the church must help the peo pie find a way to make a living. Bishop Williams, who by his stand, is taking his rightful place among the emancipators of the Negro from economic slavery, fur ther stated: “That the time has come when the church must look forward toward the economic well being of our yotuth. I mean by that,” he declared, ‘‘that the church must help the people to secure, self respecting jobs.” In his call for a united front on the part of the chaurcih, he concluded his epoch making address by saying, “We have the most tremendous pro blems before us, and it is no time to be fighting within our own ranks. It s going to take all of us to stem the tide.” Fellow citizens the echo of this great speech should fall on the ears of every minister regardless of demoninatiom. If, the churches are to materially and spiritually survive, the ministers must unite the forces of religion and build ra cial pride and racial interest. To the extent that the host of church members will realize that they must help create jabs for one an other by spending their money in places where they can visualize re turn through the avenue of ermploy ment. The Omaha Council of the Na tional Negro Congress, an organi zation seeking to develop a power ful collective voice through the federation and integration of ex isting Negro organisations and progressive forces, behind crucial issues affecting Negro people in order that Artti Negro and reac tionary social trends may be ar rested and beaten back and defin ite and substantial gains of the rights of the Negro people may be achieved, invite every minister in Omaha to head the clarion call of Bishop Williams, and unite with them in a battle to the finish in Omaha. Had a Tasta of It Missionary—And do you know nothing whatsoever of religion, my poor fellow. Educated Cannibal—Well, we had a taste of It with the last mission ary.—Pearson's Weekly. Impending Passage Of Farm Bill (Continued from Page 1) ample, his action in having the 1935 speech against the Costigan Wagner bill of the then Senator Hugo L. Black, now a Justice of the United States Supreme Court, served to remind many senators wh<| voted for Senator Black’s confirmation in ignorance of his Ku Kluz Klan affiliation that they can, by making a vigorous fight and voting for the anti-lynching bill, prove to 'their constituents and country at large that they have not changed their fundamen tal attitude toward protection of minority groups. There is also widespread com ment uposn the action of Senator William Bankhead of Alabama who while Senator Smith of South Car. olina was attacking the bill, mov ed over to a seat near Senator Smith to inquire ‘how many votes do you thing this t anti-lynching bill would get if niggers didn’t vote?” While Senator Bankhead’s purpose was obvious, his question served to remind senators and spectators how olosely involved in the question of lynching is dis franchisement. It was in the course of this same speech that he referred repeatedly to the Negro as “an inferior race’’ though in tlie printed version of the Con gressional Record, Mr. Smith de leted this Insulting phrase. King of Utah Apparently Opposed It has become apparent that Senator William H. King, of Utah, is definitely opposed to the anti lynching bill though he had indic ated previously that he was mild ly favorable. Throughout the fili bustorers when they faltered or seemed to be running out of ar guments designed to prolong the filibuster. The most vicious attacks of the filibuster were made by Senator Connally. On one occasion when Senator Wagner had left the floor of the Senate for a few minutes, Senator Connally seized upon the occasion to rise and express re gret “that the junior senator from New York is not here—I sup pose he is out in the corridor talk ing to some fellow.” As he uttered these words, Senator Connally ! picked up a book with a black | cover whicih was lying on his desk ! and held it up so that all members I of the Senate and especially the press gallery could see it. Per haps the most helpful service ren dered to the anti-lynching bill by Senator Connally was his intemper ate attack on the placard placed a= an exhibit in the Senate cham ber by Senator Bennett C. Clark which contained photographs of i the barbaric Duck Hill, Miss, blow torch lynching of last April- This i exhibit had hung on the wall of the Senate during the debate last I August on the anti-lynching bill I and, had also been hanging there throughout the first five days of the recent filibuster. No newspaper or other notice had been taken of the placard until Senator Connal ly's attack upon its presence there and Senator Cark's vigorous defen se of his placing the exhibit in the Senate chamber. As a result of this passage-at arms, newspapers throughout the country featured the exhibit—most of them on the first page and many newspapers, including the New York Sun, car ried photographic reproductions of the striking exhibit. _ Publicity Widespread At no time in the many years of agitation for federal aritUynchlng legislation has the volume of news, editorial, magazine and radio pu bkrity reached the heights caused by the impending passage of the bill. The Nation, famous weekly magazine, published in its issue of November 27th and article by Vir ginus Dabney, editor of the Rich mond, Va. Times-Dispatch, entit led: “Dixie ^Rejects Lynching.” Liberty, with a circulation of ap proximately three million, publish es in its December 4th issue an article by the famous American writer Will Irwin, bearing the title ‘ They Lynched the Wrong Man.’’ Time, The weekly news magazine, devdtes an entire page of its issue for November 29th to the filibus ter while News-Week also devotes in an illustrated article consider abe space to the discussion. The Time article is cleverly illustrated with a photograph of Senator Con naliy smoking a cigar as he stands under a Senate sign bearing the The Housing Problem in American Cities f By Dr. T. Earl Sullenger, Head of the Department of Sociology, University of Omaha Housing reform isn’t a new social phenomenon. It goes back to the code of Hammurabi written in 2000 B. C. for it's earliest consideration. In about 1000 B. C. China beoama housing conscious. Therefore we see that the problem is not new, but the modern emphasis is somewhat new. The sociologist is interested in* this new emphasis. He sees the problem from the standpoint of its influences on the life of the people who live in houses below the norm of decent living conditions. Re gions of poor housing are generally referred to as blighted areas, which are charactens [ ed by over* crowded condi tions, dilapidat ed houses, ex cessive crime rate, poverty, ve nereal diseases, social degenera tion, and deter ioration. Such Dr. isUtatn areas are some times referred to as foci of infec tion, where all of the social path ologies are more or less concentrat ed. • Research has shown that these areas cost the city six times as much to maintain as other areas of equal size. Blighted areas allowed to get worse become slums when located in the heart of*the city and shanty-towns when on the outskirts of the city. There are two kinds of slums. First, slums that "got that -vay”, and second, slums that "started that way”. Cost Is Burden The social cost of bad housing cannot be adequately measured, but the economic cost is becoming an enormous burden mi the tax pays*. Realisation of the problem aw be comprehended only by research and clear presentation of the social' evils. What can be done to meet the situation ? Razing of thv. old housee and construction of low-coat bouses seems to be a hopeful approach te the solution of the problem. The*e are three kinds of people who are interested in low cost housing: the people who live in it, the people who make money from providing it and the people who think something should be done about it. All Are Active All of these groups are really be coming active. Private enterpns-Sj have aided the situation in many industrial centers, but such aid does' not reach the average b Ugh tec res- ( idential urban area. Many metro politan, state, regional and national planning agencies are seriously con sidering this problem. The Feder al Government has over 60 such projects under its direction. Gov ernmental aid in such countries as England, the Scandinavian oeun tries, and Germany has proven sac-1 cessful, but it remains to be seen y how it will succeed in the Vnited' States. It is too early to pred' t what the social results of the rehabilitation now being undertaken will be. The gratifying fact is that public policy ^ is no longer standing still, but 1*4 moving forward. words “No Smoking Please.” Negro Vote Dominant Factor At no time in recent years has i the Negro vote been so dominant in the minds of members of the Senate due to the emphasis by the filibustered upon the charge that supporters of the bill are advocat ing it solely because of fear of re : prisals from Negro voters. This charge is bitterly resented by many of the senatod who are sup porting the bill because they hon estly oppose lynching. But constant | repetition of the charge has kept alive and made more potent than ! ever before 'the importance of the Negro vote in state and national elections. This realization was in creased during the filibuster by publication of a syndicated article by General Hugh S. Johnson, which was used as the basis of an attack on the bill by Senator Charles O. Andrews of Florida and in which General Johnson pointed out that | the Negro vote in certain pivotal ! states is “now large enough to swing any close election.and ( some of those states are large en ! ough to be necessary in any na tional election.” General Johnson’s i charge that an anti lynching bill is i part of a movement to centralize authority in Washington for the purpose of forming a “federal dic tatorship based on discontents of all kinds,” has created bitter re sentment here among members of the Senate, who are supporting the anti-lynching bill and throughout the country. Upon conclusion of the farm bill, it is reported here that attempts will be made to call up some other bill other than the anti-lynching bill despite the explicit wording of the special order making the Wag ner-Van Nuys bill the first order of the Senate after the farm bill. It is not believed here that these efforts will succeed particularly be cause Senator Aiben W, Barkley, majority leader of the Senate, has unequivocally and repeatedly ser ved notice upon the Senate that it must vote upon the anti-lynching bill in accordance with the Sen ate’s special order. But telegrams, letters, and personal calls upon senators urging them to stand firm against a filibuster and to oppose any and all efforts to post pone action upon or to emasculate the bill is of utmost importance Appreciation should also be ex pressed to those senators who are fighting for the bill. Tremendous pressure will be brought upon some meml ers of the Senate to abandon effort to get a vote on the bill and ! to vote to displace the bill with ' other measures. Words from “back home’’ against such a course will be most helpful in causing them to [ resist such pressure. the low down ---from-— HICKORY GROVE It kinda seems like every time you turn around, yor will run ac ross somebody who is makin’ him sell a living, m some nice way and easy way, or geltin’ himself | eiected on some idea that sounds great, but eaves in righr, prompt.^ thereaftei. And the ducks! who peddled! lightenin' rods, 50 years ago, t(hey are in the kindergarten, when you think about how people are gottia' organized now, for something or r Other, on this side or that and dig gin’ up due6 by the million. And the fellers collectin’ the dues, they don’t wear checkered suits, but are sanctimonious persons, and they live in grand houses, and they are just about ready—all the time—to make everything rosy and great for everybody. They are just about ready, but not quite*—and then some more dues are due. And with so many schools, and everybody goin’ *tii they are any way 15, ft looks like the suckers would become extinct—Hke a cigar Store Indian. But without suckers, we would ho sunk, and look what would hap pen to our psychoanalysts, and the fan dancers—and who would take mud baths. And the forgotten man, he would have to quit business; Yours, with the law down, JO SERRA Liberian Club To Have Bathinsr Beach Monrovia, Liberia, Nov. 28 (ANP)—The Monrovia country club has acquired two and three quarters acres of ocean front pro perty situated on the Moaxovia Sinker road. Plans have been drawn for the erection of a club house and the construction of ten nis courts and a swimming pool. The club was organized in January nst and its progress is indicative of the general development and im provement which marks Liberian history this year under the able ^ leadership of the present ftdmWB tration.