The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 09, 1937, Image 1

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Entered as Secnd Class Mattel at Postofliee, Omaha, Nebraska- OMAHA, NEBRASKA SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1937 VOL. j ( 0. r: S
Local Opinions on Black Appointment
Guide Reporter Interviews Local
Leaders Following Radio Address:
Appointment Generally Vetoed
Mv. Jam 7 U, proprietor of fhc
Mid Way Cafe, ai d t: e Haikm
night club, s^ys, “I think its a
d- pbame. A man goes for
Supreme Justice, should be a man
that is not a KKK and a man that
is not against any creed of any
kind. I don’t think that Black
should have that job. He admitted
once having belonged to the KKK
organization. There is one question
that, h" failed to answer in his
broadcast, and why d'd he fail to
answer.kt is, Why did he join the
KKK.” Answer it, will you.
Atty. Roy L. Williams, 2502 No.
24th street, slktod th«* following:
“I think his appVntm 'rt :s a seri
ous mistake, end was without the
knowledge of facts of-the political
history cf the ' an. think any nrn
that partook the oath of the I\lan,
certainly v.*as rot m sympathy
■with its pr i.grrm, an 1 this was tine
r.f Black. Then he was wiling to
Far ifice ho alcged fairness to all
jyvrups for a poi i i :al off co and
y- Co v,r. acted, his membersh:p
e hethev it s active with the Klnn,
i lakes him absolutely unfit for the,
seat on the seat cn the Supreme
l, p.'h. The colored people should
join hnr.’s with the other fair
rnird'd re pi • to eliminate or blot
out. thishlack spot in the history of
these United States.
E. J. Thornes, Pharmacist at the
Duffy Pharmacy, 24’h and Lake
Warns Catholics To
Aid Negroes Now.
Before Reds Bo
Brooklyn, Oct. 7 (By Roth Fran,
cis for ANP)—In a recent issue of
Interracial Review George K. Hun.
ton under the caption “Catholics.
Communism and the Negro,” con
tends that interracial justice is an
essential part of social justice, and
white Cathoics have not real'zed
that the Negro group is the most
disvantaged in America.
Admitting the fact that the Ne
gro is the most logic ally of Com
munism, he regrets also ‘‘Mean
time, the Communists is pointing
out to the Negro the cruel in just
ices that are heaped upon him,
promising him equality of oppor
tunity and actually treating him
with respect as a human being.
The Catholic who feels that we
nan afford to wait a decade or two
until race prejudice has worn away
is living in a fool’s paradise,. The
appeal of Communism to the Ne
gro is even more imminent than the
general threat of Communism in
America. This is an immediate
problem that challenges our inter
est and our enlightened action.”
Notice to Subscribers:
If you do not get your paper at
least in the Saturday morning mail,
call the office, WEbester 1517, and
we will send you a paper at once.
Mr. C. C. Galloway, Manager
streets, says, “I am not much in
\y-f of the appointment. There is
too much opirosition.”
Mrs. Willa Johnson, one of
Omaha’s leading beauticians, stat
ed: ‘‘I haven’t read much rbnut it,
all I know s what the different
people have to ray about it, so I
would rather not make a statement
until I have fully read about the
(Con.imv'd on 1’agc (>)
Praise Officials For
Wage Adjustment
; V/ Yolk, Oct. 7 (ANP)—Pull
man poyteifl and maidj .throughout
th ! country th’s week were, high
in praise cf the importance playcl
ivcnntl;. by Champ Carry, vi-e
tv- -mdent of the Pullman Company
Robert Cole, representative of
the National Mediation Board, in
the negotiations leading up to th 1
$1,250,000 wage increase granted to
marly 9,000 Pullman employees.
The two .representatives met with
A. Philip Randolph and Milton P
Webster, pres'dent a* 1 vice presi
dent, respectively, rf 'he Brother
hood of Sleeping IVriers, in
negotiations which began in Febr.
1937, and which wore climaxed in
a ' 1 August, by the company’s of
fer made on, its motion to grant
vac; i increases to’all rg nearly
$90,000 a month,, based on a 210
1 ur month. 7 ho. wo; king agree
meat was sign/ d by the Pullman
Company representatives and those
cf the Broth .rhood, on August 25th
in Chicago offices of the Pullman
m One Killed, 12 Hurt in Railroad Wreck
New Haven, Ir. 1.—The engineer was !.:!>! and a doren other persons injured ns this passrnsrr train,
bound freer Pntroit to 11. Louis, jflu.r '3 ft ~i the trarhs. Tlte locomotive a’most buried itself in the
ground at the of i!;e impact, the cams of which was not immediate*? determined.
C C C To Discharge
75,000 Enroilees
Washington, Oct. 7 (ANP)
Civilian Conservation Co ps cl'fi
cials said last week that approx!
mately 75,000 enroilees v. 'Il he db
charged during September, !:> com
ply with an net of Con-re s ix
tending GCC for three years. Ac
cording to the act the age I'm it
for enroilees was fixed at 24 year -,
the time service limited to two
years. Those dbmissed, say officials
c:the • have passed the age limit
or srved more th- n two years. A
drive for CGC cmplrymo it. Ly busi
ness and industrial firms was start
ed on Labor day.
Charges Posto^ice Discrimination
New York, Oct- 7—A charge that
postmasters in the south have de
liberately set out to embarass and
drive out Negro employees from
! the postal service, was charged here
| this week by the NAACP in a
j letter to W. W. Howes, first assist
ant postmaster general, in Wash
I The letter also charged that
‘ southern postmasters are refusing
Negro postal employees the ap
pointments and promotions they
are due according to merit and
their ranking under the civil ser
j vice and that th,e post office, de
j partment in Washington ‘'has no
| special solicitude to see that the
I Negro employees are given equal
j protection with other citizens.”
! Tho letter to Mr. Howes was oc
' easioned by the dismissal of Ezra
j H. Nix, a carrier in the Montgom
lory, Ala., post office. Mr. Nix is
i suposed to have accumulated so
many demerits that he was deemed
to bo an inefficient employee, but
tha NAACP pointed out that Mr.
Nix had an efficiency rat ng of 97
per cent or better for the four
years 1929 to 1932, and that in
the four years, he accumulated
only 33 demerits—eleven in 1929
1 and twenty two in 1930—with none
n 1931 and 1932.
However, with the change of ad
ministration in 1933, Mr. Nix sud
dcnly began to acceumulnte a huge
amount of demerits. He was given
185 demerits in 1934 and 434 in
The NAACP letter to Mr. Howes
signed by Charles H. Houston,
special counsel,’ stated: “Frankly,
1 his record is hot reasonable. It
does not make sense in the ordin
ary experience of mankind. There
must be other elements in the pic
ture. The sudden accumulation of
demerits for insubordination and
other alleged offenses which have
been charged against veteran Ne
gro employees in the past five
years in different post offices in
the south are enough to cause any
fair minded person to be skeptical.
\U> |o state, however, that they
did not suddenly change their char
acter for the worst with the event
of the resent administration.
We must insist that the central
administration in Washington give
the most careful scrutiny to such
shocking changes in merit ratings
as the Nix case, and many other
eases of Negro postal employees, in
the south.”
Local Society Girl
He, isolates Tlie
Charge i of Suit
’ 1 d Tr b no 1 :in‘:d the
, II .s': ;• sto.y, and tht cl:pp ng of
the same was mailed to the accus
“Wife's Suit Names 'Other
Woman.’ ”
1< i husband told her he was
going with another woman and
the” added insult (o njury by
adding that she was ‘to dumb
to see it,’ Mrs.Matt'e M.Dotson
20, of 3028 Harper street, Her
hley, charged in her divorce
suit, filed n Superior court
“Kenneth A. Dotson, 24, is
the husband. The ‘other woman*
named in the comp’aint is Juan
’ita Artison. She is about 10,
Mrs. Dotson’s attorney, John
C. Henderson, said. ,
“The couple were married in
Berkley, June 17, 1034. They
separated July 15, 1037. They
have two children, Kenneth,
and Charles, 5 months.
“On one occasion, the wife
says her husband struck her,
causing a permanent scar.
“She asks $20 a month sup
port for herself and $40 a
month for the chi'dren ”
Mrs. Lewis Artison, jr. made, the
following statement denying the
above printed article which was
printed in the. Oakland Tribune:
“I, Mrs. Lewis Artison, jr., wish
to state that this item is not true,
and I know nothing of such an
affair. The reason for my leaving
my husband, Mr. Lewis Artison, jr.
was having affairs with other wo
men in the same house where we
lived. The other woman was Beulah
Gibbons. I wish to state also that
I Mr. Artison, jr., struck me leaving
,me ill in bed for two weeks. I also
w ish to state that Mr. Artison told
me if I didn’t like his affairs with
this woman to leave. I’m suing Mr.
Artison now for not supporting his
i children.” Mrs. Lewis Artison, jr.
South Takes Lead
In Hog Raising
W- hingtofi, Oct. 7 (ANP—Good
f ,houso "wives who have re
eently been lamenting the st.adly
' •reasir:'1 prices of ham and ha
ren, was given this work hy th'
Feikra^ A uV iy<" 1 I I; artment
\vh rr> report (liscl 'srvi that the
South cither increased or cont'nu
cd normal swims product'on in th ■
past several ye m s, vh’ e the
drought h;t nvd ile western states
and most of the rest of the conn
try have reduced their output. In
cve.nso in tile South in hog produc
tion was from 11,907,000 head in
V.m, to 12,978,000 for this year.
N.A.A.G.P. Makes Protest To
Hopkins on Carolina Complaint:
Demand Sweeping Investigation
New Yo--k, Cct. 7—A sharp pro
test, against the forcing of N gro
labor off the WPA noils in southern
states into job* as cotton pickers at
"bstandard wages was filed with
Harry L. Hopkins, WPA adminis
tratnr, by the NAACP th's week.
Th- NAACP protest, was a re
view of tlv* rep rts which have
com i to the association since
Septem/ier 9 h, <1 mixed by the
complaint received th s week from
Fayetteville, N. C.( which charged
that colored women are being
taken off WPA projects and forced
to accept cotton picking jobs. The
Fayettevile complaint states (hat
the women were to'il to take 'heir
children out i f s< hool anil make
them pick cotton also.
No white women in Fayetteville
were ordered into the cot'on fields
from WPA projects. (
Thi cel red worn n in Fay 'tte
villo were paid » nly *24 a i
month and they were working nri
innlly on si wing projects. How
i vitlv t were shifted from that
i". jee' ..•> n!-, 5 labor such us
___ s*
Man’s Body .
Over Mile Under Auto;
Ti-i ealooaa, Ala., Oct. 7 (ANP)—
\uthorities here lust Monday were I
’ \ -t'g-.tir’ a ' raTC, unusual
accident, in wh eh the body of a
non, identified later rs Kufus
Crawford. 35, was dragged q mile
■ml a half, vvedg d ti h'ly beneath
'he *enr of an auto. The car was
driven by a white woman les’dcnt,
enrouto to the home of her C'jorrd
cook. On the way home she ran
over what she thought was a ;
1 lock of wood in the road, but d's
covered to be Crawford’s body
“Monkey Trees” are nurtur
ed for transplanting to the site of
Sun Francisco’s 1939 Exposition
Ch cagoans Honor Major Lynch
Chicago, Oct. 7 (ANP)—Roprc
sentativo Chicagoans of both races
gathered around the banquet table
of Wabasr YMCA last Friday night
to honor Major John R. Lynch on
his 90th birthday. The dinner was
sponsored by the Citizens Civic and
Economic Welfare Council of Chi
cago and over the coffee cups
Jackson, Miss., Oct. 7 (ANP)—
Appearing in court here last Thurs
day without legal counsel and
electing to plead his ow*n case,
Shelly Stephenson, Madison county
j youth, defended himself against a
! liauor charge is such a straight
forward convincing mnnner that
the jury deliberated but ten min
utas, brought in a verdect of not
Stephenson had endered a plea of
not guilty to operation of a whiskey
still and while examining the
! government’s chief witness, Madi
>ii county colored woman, he rais
; i'd a doubt as to Ihe credibility of
the colored woman’s testimony. He
j told the jury emphatically he know
nothing about the still. The jurors
were apparently impressed by his
; open manner and sincerity.
speakers paid deserved tribute to
their guest ofi honor.
Venerable Major Lynch has had
a distinguished record of public ser
vice equalled by few Americans.
He is a former (1871) Speaker of
the Mississippi House of Represcvn
tatives: three times (1872 to 1883)
Representative in the United States
Congress: Paymaster (1906 to
1911) of the United States Army
and Auditor (1889 to 1893) of the
U. S. Treasury for the Navy De
partment during President Harri
son’s administration. He is also
widely known as a lawyer, author
iir.d Repubican political leader.
Once, while Army Paymaster,
stationed at New Orleans, South
rrn white soldiers ‘refused to take
their pay from a Negro.” Major
Lynch wired Washington for in
! structions, received the reply:
! ‘ They’ll take their pay from you
or not all ” The soldiers lined up,
! received their vouchers from the.
In 1884, Major Lynch was elected
temporary chairman of the Repu
blican national convention, held in
Chicago. He was made a Major
during the Spanish American
War by President McKinley. Ho
has made Chicago hi^home since
cutting grass around school* for
white children, scrubbing and
cleaning white schools, cleaning thei
white churcho?*, and cl an'ng up
the jail.
Th" pay for this work was low
enough—$24 a month, but as cot
bin pickers, it is estimated that
the women will not be able to earn
more than twelve or fifteen dollars
\ month since most cf them are
not expert p'ckcrs pnd, therefore,
>ro net nb\» to earn more than
10 cents a day.
Tho NAACP letter to Adm'nin
Ira tor Hopkins cited the pledge of
the WPA made by Thnddeus Holt,
assistant administrator, in the, fall
of 1936, that state admin:straors
bad been instructed not to close
down WPA projects in cotton
areas unless employment at stand
nrd wages was definitely available.
It cited, also, the report from Hibb
county, Ga., in June, 19°,7, that
Negroes were being fore d off
WPA projects into private employ
ment regardless of wages offered,
with a penalty of be'ng Jailed if
they did hot accept the Jabs
Thu NAACP chine d that WPA
administrators had an agreement
to “cooperate” with private employ
ers, especially plant rs, :n transfer
ring Negroes.
Demand was me In upon Mr.
Hopkins to investi a'e rt once
!’ nrn fees in HI the cotton
states and to warn WPA "dnfr'i
! i * tors of the m naHi •; of ,rol; ting
the federal statutes aga'nst fo ring
labor. It a; 1 ■ d Mr. Hrpkins, also
insofar as possible, to cooperate
with tho department of Justice by
placing bef >ro the latter and evi
dunce of peonage it may uncover.
Southern White Man
Indicts Lynching
Memphis, Oct. 7 (ANP)— A re
markable indictment oganst lynch
in'? and mob vit lence was contained
in a letter printed recently by the
Commc'i'c’al Appeal in its '‘Voice. of
the People” column. The, writer,
Mr. Earl Hill of Brighton, Tenn.,
is n. prominent and respected white
resident of his community and
minces no words in his manly, im
prossive appeal for the abolishment
of lynching. He says, in part:
"It was not taught me by my
parents, but I grew up, like, most
southern boys, with the feeing that
lynching a Negro was not much a
crime, but, under certain eircum
stances, in order to maintain the
standing of true blood southerners,
very necessary. However times
have changed. I have changed. ..
"It seems to me that the only
answer is a Federal law against
lynching. It seems that among all
the peoples of the earth our south
ern senators and congressmen
should support the passage cxf such
a law. When lynchers are. probably
j somo of your friends, or might be
some of your own household, what
can you do about it? Occasionally,
but very, very rarely has it ever
happened that justice has come to
one of our best friends or a close
relative, if the meting out of the
justice depended on us. Most of
that kind of work is in the story
books. Then for the sake of justice,
law and order, and everything else
that maks our country a good place
in which to live.let us have a
Federal law against lynching.”