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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 19, 1936)
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TUX OMAHA GUIDE
Published Every Saturday at 2418-20 Grant Street,
! Omaha, Nebraska
Phones: WEbster 1517 or 1518
Entered es Second Clrss Matter March 15, 1927, at the Postoffice at
Omaha. Neb., underAct of Congress of March 3, 1879.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION $2.00 PER YEAR
Race prejudice must go. The Fatherhood of (,od and the Brother
hood of Man must prevail. These are the only principles which will
stand the acid test of good.
All News Oapy of Churches and all Organizations must be in our
office not later than 5i00 p. m. Monday for current issue. All Adver
tfeing Copy or Paid Articles not later than Wednesday noon, prececd
ing date of issue, to insure publication.
As Living Costs Rise Electricity Drops
During the past two years, the eost of living has steadily
The prices of clothes, rent, food and similar necessities
have advanced from 10 to 40 per cent.
Hut the average cost of electric power is a fraction cheap
er today than rt was in 1934 or 1935.
But that is not remarkable—it squares 100 per cent with
the past history of the light and power industry. Bver since
the industry's inception, rates have declined. They have de-1
elined in good times and in had. They have declined when costs
in general were rising as well as when costs were dropping.
They have <1 dined in the face of higher wages for the industy’s
employes, higher prices for the materials the industry uses—
and tremendous increases in both the regular and “special”
taxes levied against th,> utilities.
Two factors have been primarily responsible for this re
cord. First, no industry has done more to promote technical,
progress, to the end that costs of producing and distributing
electricity may he reduced. The holding company has been
a great element in this achievement.
Second, by lowering rates the industry has greatly in- |
creased its business and that in turn tends to lower rates
again. For obvious reasons, the unit cost of serving a customer
who uses 2<H) kilowatt-hours a month is less than the cost of
serving one who uses 50 kilowatt-hours.
It is forecast that the most of living will continue to climb
for the next few years at least. And it is also forecast that |
electric rates will continue to decline.
And this is the industry that has been subjected to more
political attack, more misrepresentation, and more unfair and
inequitable legislation than any other! The historians of the
future are going to do a lot of head-serathing in seeking to
explain why an industry that served the American people sup
erlatively well was the target of vote-seeking politicians.
Catholics and the Anti-Lynching Bill
In our leading editorial in the duly issue of the Interracial
Review we cited the first revelations of the infamous activities
of the Hlaek Legion and pointed out that lynching and other
mob outrages must be eradicated from American life. Last
month we cited the killing of Charles Poole, the Catholic, by
the same organization and pointed out that this crime had its
origin in the horrible example of the lynching of Negroes with
impunity. In both editorials we emphasized that all minority
groups. Catholics, Negroes and Jews should he foremost in the
fight to eradicate mob violence of every description.
Comes now additional evidence to substantiate our previous
contention. Last week the entire nation was shocked by the
spectacle of 15,000 people gathered from many miles to witness
the public hanging of a Negro murderer in Owensboro, Ken
tuck. Here, the banging of a human being took on all the color
of a public sports event amidst the clamor of hot-dog and soda
pop vendors. This spectacle was of the same stuff that moti
vates mob murder and lynching. How far removed are the
impluses that prompted the gathering of this vast cadaverous
crowd, from those which drew thousands to witness the spec
tacle of early Christians being thrown to the lions in pagan
Rome, it is not difficult to estimate.
Certain it is that the stimulus and example of unpunished
lynching is responsible for all the grim happenings of the last
Tn regard to the Catholic contribution to the solution of
these problems, we have been immeasurably encouraged by the
which we reprint in this issue, as well as by the increasing sup
port of the Catholic press in general. The interest of the Cath
olic press is most gratifying in view of the sentiments express
ed on another page by "Walter White to the effect that herein
is a distinct opportunity for public service on thtf part of the
Catholics of America.
. The Interracial Review can sum up its present position in
no better way than by calling upon the Catholic leaders of
America to redouble tlieir efforts in arousing popular Catholic
sentiment in support of the enactment of an adequate Federal
anti-lynching "bill by the next Congress. Again the Catholic
Press has pointed the way ami there is now every reason why
Catholic organizations and Catholic leaders should accept this
new mandate whole-heartedly.
Tn the waiter of debate over legislation concerning the
merchandising and distributing of necessities, in the interest
of the consumer must never be lost to view.
The consumer wants merchandising to be fair to all con
eerned. He doesn’t want abuses to be permitted. And neithei
does he want the law to outlaw legitimate practices that eui
middleman costs, and lessen the spread, between the price pait
the producer and the price charged the ultimate buyer.
Tn recent months, we have seen how questionable or de
batable practices can be corrected. A short time ago a meeting
was held between representatives of the nation s principal chain
stores and representatives of agricultural cooperative selling
groups. The chains pledged themselves to eliminate practices
farmers believed inimical trt their interest. Thus, in the most
amicable and satisfactory manner, honest differences were
settled, and noteworthy progress was made.
The hist congress passed a law regulating large-scale
merchandising, the effects of which are not yet evident. It
would seem, however, that the law is stringent enough—many
unprejudiced experts regard it as being too stringent, and feel
that it will unnecessarily and artificially inflate the cost of liv
ing. Even so, strong pressure is being brought to bear in
many states either to pass additional laws, or to levy punitive
taxes against big merchandising systems. If that agitation is
successful, it is obvious who is going to pay the bill—the
The whole problem requires a reasoned approach, with
out bitterness on either side, if it is to be soundly solved. Ex
treme measures can do no real good—and they can do infinite
harm to the 125,000,000 American consumers.
Where Credit Is Due
This year through the cooperative efforts of the railroads,
the grain elevators and the flour and feed mills, the railroads
have handled the heaviest crop of wheat from the South
western states for any year since 1931, without car shortage,
,T. J. Pelley, President of the Association of American Railroads,
'Phis was accomplished in the face of the fact that during
the same time movement of other commodities throughout the
country was greater than at any time in five years.
'Phe American people take first-class railroad service for
granted with little thought given to the amazingly efficient
and progressive organization that makes such service possible.
The railroads have had a lean financial experience during most
of the past fifteen years—yet they have practically eliminated
car shortages, have speeded up both freight and passenger train
schedules, have further improved their exceptionally fine ac
cident record, have kept rates at low levels, and have bettered
service to the public in almost every particular.
It may sound sentimental to say that the pioneer spirit has
never left the railroads—but that is a fact. The lines are tire
less in their efforts to lower the cost of operation and to better
service. They carry on exhaustive research work dealing with
problems ranging all the way from smoother road-beds to
stronger freight cars. America enjoys the best railroad service
in the world—and railroad managements are zealous in main
taining their lead over the railroads of other countries.
There isn’t a person in the nation who doesn’t benefit in
I Nothing Dared is Nothing Gained
By R. A. Adams
(For the Literary Service Bureau)
Know ye who boast ambition’s fire,
Who unto lofty heights aspire,
That aways has the fact remained, J
That “Nothing dared is nothing'
Treasured that everywhere abound
By effort diligent are found,
And only thus can be obtained;
For “Nothing dared is nothing
This warning to the timid soul
Pining to reach some cherished
By Destiny it was ordained
That “Nothing dared is nothing
Being undubiously so,
‘Twere well all who aspire should
This truth unvarnished and un
That “Nothing dared is nothing
What A Cook She Turned Out To Be
one way or another from a progressive railroad industry. And
there isn’t a person who wouldn't suffer to some extent if the
rails were lethragic and backward. It’s right and proper to
expect the railroads to give us fine service—but credit should
be given where credit is due.
The Common Good
Sage counsel for farmers recently came from Dean H. W.
Mumford, College of Agriculture, University of Illinois. He ,
“Whether or not farmers intend to improve their standard
of living and financial security, or slide into a limbo of eco- |
riomie uncertainty, depends upon their ability and determin
ation to more universally recognize the value of cooperation .
and become organized for it.
“On the other hand, agricultural cooperatives and other
forms of farm organizations cannot serve agriculture in a large
way unless they have as one of their definite objectives the
promotion of the common good. Farmers are justified in co
operating for the purpose of securing economic justice. But
they will destroy their organizations if they use them to pro
mote social or economic aggression.’’
Wise cooperative managements will stick to the business
of selling their members’ produce—and not follow will o’ the
wisps that can lead eventually to ruin.
A. & I. State
Opens Sept. 28
Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 12—(C)—
The twenty-fifth academic year of
A. -and I. State college begins
Sept. 28. Over 1,000 students are
Dr. Harris Returns
New York, Sept. 12— (C)—Dr.
Abram L. Harris of Howard uni
versity, returned to America last
week from several months of study
abroad on a Guggenheim fellow
ship. Dr. Harris spent about three
months in London, then some time
in Poland, Moscow and Paris.
Repulse New Addis
Addis Ababa, Sept. 12—(C)—
A new attack on Addiis Ababa by
12,000 Ethiopians was reported
blacked, with loss of 200 Ethiopians
and 15 Italian native soldiers.
HowTo Manage Our Political Lives
Col. Arthur W. Little O 1936
> To the Colored Group of America,
i In Parts One and Two of these
communications we have discussed
some recent history, and some history
I not so recent. We have considered
the fatuousness of the Republican
Party and the contemptuous insults
of all prejudiced parties as illus
trated by the "Pork Chop” incident.
We have hastily reviewed conditions
facing the country today. We have
visioned a hope for the colored group
and its progress during the next half
In this communication, let us see if
a plan at once practical and feasible
can be developed through which to
accomplish the degree of progress that
is so earnestly to be desired.
Let us start by repeating—the Re
publican Party came into being as the
champion of human rights. It estab
lished the great principles upon which,
as a basis, we took our position as a
Nation. It proclaimed and defended
the doctrine of defense for all citizens
in the right to work und to enjoy the
fruits of their labors by:—
(a) Protection of American In
dustries by means of Import
(b) Anti-Monopolistic Laws.
(c) Exception from the effect of
auti-monopolistic laws in fa
vor of laboring men and
(d) And many other laws repre
senting principles making
for the right to “Life, Lib
erty and the Pursuit of Hap
piness” for the citizens of a
Whatever failures may have been
registered in the administration of
these laws established by the Repub
lican Party yet the institutions and
principles were, and are, sound—and
“tor the grentest good cf the greatest
Of the present day fantastic pro
posals of economic departures in the
field of humanitarian ism almost all
I are the outgrowths of the principles
i of the Republican Party under which
the Nation took its place in worldly
I estate with the highest standards of
living ever known—anywhere. |
American institutions under which
* our Nation grew to greatness, however,
called for INDUSTRY, THRIFT,
CHARITABLENESS and MORAL
i DECENCY. There was no place in
their program for Class Hatred, Com
munism, Contempt for Thrift, Dig
nity of Mendicancy, and Bureaucra
cies of Government of such tyrannies
as shame the injustices of 1776:—
instituted by a Tammanyized govern
ment bent upon the most extraordi
nary program of pillage ever known
Faced with the necessity of making
a decision of how we are to vote, let
us recognize that we—the humble
people—have the bnlnnce of power
and determine to make the best use
Let us now consider just what bal
ance of power is.
Balance of power, to true Ameri
cans. means RESPONSIBILITY. It
embodies the spirit of guardianship.
It means self-denial. It means con
science. It means solemn obedience
to the obligation of that oath taken
by every member of our beloved Fif
teenth Infantry :—“'To preserve, pro
tect and defend the Constitution of
the United States.”
Balance of power does not mean
the right and opportunity for retribu
tion, plundering, or tyranny of any
Tlie past few years have indicated
but lit.ic tiuiess for being entrusted
with such responsibility on the part
of those wiio now exercise that bal
ance of power.
On tiie other hand my experience
in civic as well ns military effort
throughout many years of association
with Hie colored group, lias enlisted
my be.i"f t..at y i me wormy of the
Adulation, under the leadership of
Senator E. D. Smith, of South Caro
So much the better!
The Colored Group of America is
now morally free actually to exercise
its Balance of Bower in the seventy
years of political development next to
come, as it was after the close of the
Civil War free to exercise its newly
found human rights of freedom in in
But you’ve got to mnke your ad
vances on your own efforts! Nobody
is going to do it for you.
Nobody made Frederic Douglas a
present of his greatness—nor Booker
T. Washington—nor Charles Young.
They triumphed through their own
And their efforts were efforts to
serve and to ho p od.ierB!
Let that be your program and your
In a sense, the Colored Group of
An: idea is the most completely or
rauith J group of any unofficial groups
| or pariics in the vtorb'.
To begin with, you have the mark
ings of your birth—tiie dignity of the
bronze uniforms of nature standing
out above and b.jond the uniform;
of the cloth of Mue or cf gray or of
| khaki or of olive drab. The uniform
l of nature that has never been marked
A Practical and Feasible Plan
United You Have the Balance of Power
Exercise It for Progress—Not As Politicians
THE THIRD OF FOUR LETTERS
You can address and obtain re
sponses from at least six million
adults with the cost of less than five
Your political organizations and
clubs or committees might well be dis
banded. So long as they are main
tained, they must be maintained upon
a basis of professed allegiance to one
or the other of the officially set up
political parties—and, so long ns such
a condition rules, your strength is
l divided nnd your power and influence
| Your watchword and slogan should
be a paraphrase of the inspirational
siogan of Yale University:
‘‘For God—For Cbunt-y—and For
‘‘For God—For U • 11 try—and For
—or some such principle.
You should never send delegates to
i any convention.
responsibility of the Balance o
In thfft belief I am pleading witl
you to tnke it—and to prove yout
selves worthy of holding it—even i
the face of such prejudice as we knot
is to be met.
A political party, to paraphrase th
old adage, can succeed if it deserve
to succeed—and if it gets soin
“breaks,” and will take advantage <
such breaks as it gets.
The colored group this year has co
tainly been presented with the break
| Cleveland did little to bring the co
' ored citizen back to the G.O.P.
! But what was done, or not don
1 at Cleveland was ns nothing whe
I compared-to the-brutal exhibition i
I contempt and insult offered at tf
I Democratic Philadelphia Show of S
r or even associated with a blemish ol
dishonor in the tests of patriotism.
1 ’ Then you have your churches ani
- 1 thrir (f~.it memberships. How ofiei
i | have I, during the past seventeei
v years, drooping with physical fatigui
! and mental nud spiritual discourage
p ment, slipped in, unobserved, to on
s of your Harlem services—and Ron
e forth again an hour or two later—i
f 1 man once more of hope, determine
| tion, and confidence.
•- 1 Next come your Fraternal organ
s. I izations. After that the Commun'd
I-1 Center Associations of hundreds e
i affiliations and derivations.
\ The Colored llnln e of Poor
n Party of America is ell formed read
if to function. Your treasury is alread
e t provided—-because your treasury r.
If1 niiirenient.1! pm ns nothin".
You should never attend any caucus
or conference with outside groups or
associations. They might be found to
have bound you to a support of prin
ciples and candidates not your own,
or to your own interests.
No member of your group should
ever accept a nomination for any elec
tive office, from any political party
t j other than The Colored Balance of
■ , Power Parlti of America.
On the other hand, some member
- of your gri p should Le tt candidate
r i f r every elective rnpresei:tative va
f oancy in every legislative tribunal at
' every election—national, state, conntj
r or town, where yoilr population
v1 amounts to as much ns five rer cent
v of the total population.
In appointive offices and politiea
'<s you should accept all that yot
want to accept—and can get—with a
clear stipulation and agreement signed
by the appointing or hiring agent to
the effect that the appointee is en
tirely free from any political obliga
tion or allegiance.
In your district elective candidacies
you should not make much of a cam
paign for election, or spend much, if
any, money. Just let the voters know
that you are a colored man or woman ;
and of your qualifications. By such
a course you will win many more elec
tions than you win under the present
system. You ought to have about
sixty congressmen, right now, upon
the basis of pi-oportionate racial rep
resentation. If you eliminate the
states from which you are practically
debarred from voting you ought to
have at least 25 congressmen. But,
when you have one congressman at a
time, now, you all get quite excited
about it. It doesn’t make sense.
“Well!” I fancy I hear somebody
protest. “Well—that is a funny way
for Colonel Little to talk, after all the
protests he hus registered, through the t
years, against the maintenance of
class barriers and class distinctions.”
It may sound inconsistent but I
don't believe it is really inconsistent.
When two or more powerful groups
get together, to divide a group that
could be powerful if it were not
divided—with a purpose of exploiting
and despoiling the outside group, then
I believe that the under-dog group
owes it to itself and to its families
and to the dignity and welfare of it*
race—to unite—not only in defense,
but in counter-offence.
We are admonished in the Bible:—
“Resist not evil. Whosoever shall
smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to
him the other also.”
Well, your group has been long suf
fering. I feel that your supply of
cheeks must be over-exhausted. .
In “Part Two” of my “Report,” ad
dressed to you last week, I advised
you to “Suspend Judgment” until
about October 20 before making up
your minds as to the Presidential
No party and no candidate has, as
yet, offered anything worthy of con
sideration as a bid for your Vote.
If the men who seek your support
are in no hurry—why should you be
in a hurry?
You have been fooled in the past.
Don't permit yourselves to be fooled
In 1928 the Hoover party promised
you well. Ask Messrs. Church, How
ard, De Priest, Davis, Moore, Abbott,
Scott, Yann, Booze, Jones, Bundy,
Henry, Fillmore, Harris, Wibecan
and hundreds of other leaders why, V
after such promises, the group went
against Mr. Hoover in 1932.
In 1932 the Roosevelt party prom
ised you well. Well, today, leaders
of the Roosevelt party "take a walk’*
out of the convention when a colored
minister has the effrontery to venture
to pray to God in their Lily-White
| presence. But—to help in the swal
! lowing of the insult—they give you—*
1 ‘Tork Chops.” J
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