The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, March 09, 1935, Image 1

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    Compare Bruno Ladders With Mob Victims’ Burnt Flesh
SUPREME COURT DISMISSES LIBEL CHARGES
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Dr. Reuter Makes Four Lectures In One Day
LECTURES ON SOCIAL
AND ECONOMIC STRIFE
SUPERIOR. RACE”—PRIMITIVE ATTITUDE
Exploiting the theories of racial superiority due to
color, shape of '.he head, size of the brain, etc.. Doctor E. B.
Reuter, head of the Department of Sociology, la., University and past
President, American Sociological So-®
ciety and an inter-national authority
on population problems said in the
opening meeting of the “Conference
on Race Relations” last Thursday
evening at the First Methodist Church
that “Any individual or gTOup who
uses itself as a standard for evalua
tion adopts the primitive and provin
cial attitude of the unintelligent.”
Continuing, Dr. Reuter said, “Relig
ious dogmas encouraged race preju
dice.” In tracing the growth of racial
theories, Dr. Reuter mentioned the
development as beginning first in the
prehistoric days in the attitude of
men towards giants and vice versa.
In the early days of Christianity, it
was Christian to enslave the Negro
and to exploit the heathen. The
Church of England accepted this doc
trine. It was brought to America and
slavery became a practical business
proposition. “The only government
in the world today practicing Chris
tianity is Russia, said Dr. Reuter. The
present-day trend concerning racial
theories is being based on sociological
facts. A study of the inter-relations
of racial groups shows that race pre
judices evolves around competition,
economic changes and not in biological
and physiological differences.
During the sessions on Friday at
the YWCA further important facts
concerning race were brought out by
Dr. Reuter. Namely, “Race is a geo
graphical matter implying differences
because of nationality groups. In
the matter of race relatons, we deal
too largely with symptoms and not
causes. The trend towards a militant
inter-racial program is becoming
more evident as Negro people are edu
cated and demand more decent treat
ment.” Dr. Reuter mentioned partic
ularly the courses of study which are
now being girven in race throughout
the leading universities of the coun
try.
Fpeakng on the subject, “Theories
and Facts of Race Inter-mixture”,
these points were emphasized. As a
result of tests, no biological or physio
logical disadvantages have come out
of race intermixture. Intermarriage
has helped in the disorganization of
communities and the breaking down
of old taboos and customs and has
brought cultural and social progress
into civilization. The success of mix
ed marriages is evident by the low
divorce rate. This success is due to
the pressure of outside groups which
cements marriage. Dr. Reuter says.
“The effort of race relations groups
should be the developing of apprecia
tion of people as people and not as
members of White or Negro, Jew or
foreign groups.
He emphasized the growing trend
towards the acceptance of scientific
facts on the race question and said
that although progress in better race
relations is slow, th‘ re is a decided
moving towards a bevuer world condi
tion. Hitler has found one way to
deal with the “Race Question.” Rus
sia is trying another. The economic
factor is important.
Speakng at the luncheon meeting of
the conference, Miss Mary McDowell,
Honorary Head Resident, Chicago
University, Settlement House, stated
that every important civic organiza
tion among women in Chicago has a
committee studying race relations.
The conference on Race Relations was
sponsored through the City Inter
racial Committee. Miss Rachel Taylor,
Chairman. Assisting on the Commit
tee were: Miss Verna Snail, Vice
Chairman; Mrs. Lucy C. Crawford,
Secretary; Mr. Earl Saline, Treasurer.
Other members of the committee as
sisting were Miss Evelyn Palmquist,
i Visiting Nurse Association, J. Harvey
Kerns, Executive Secretary Omaha
1 Urban League; Mr. Jerry Hawke,
Adult Educaton Department; Attor
; ney Sam Beber; H. W. Black; J. Dil
j lard Crawford; Mrs. Helen Buckland;
Mrs. M. L. Rhone, Head Resident,
| Woodson Center; Miss Helen Gauss,
Head Resident, Social Settlement. Mr.
C. C. Galloway, Acting Editor, Omaha
Guide, Mr. Lathrop Rogers and Mrs.
Eleanor Haynes.
The conference drafted a resolution
favoring the passage of the Costigan
Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill. It was
drawn up and sent to the President
of the United States, the speaker of
the House, Lincoln, Nebraska and Sen
| ator Norris. An unusually fine at
tendance was noticed throughout the
entire conference. Representatives
from P. T. A. groups, Board of Edu
cation, The Executive Committee of
Women’s Board of the Congregational
Church, Council of Social Agencies,
YWCA, YMCA, League of Women
Voters, Omaha Women’s College Club,
and Council of Churches, were all rep
J resented in attendance.
•
O. WASHINGTON IN CREIGHTON
ANNUAL ORATORICAL
CONTEST
When the nine orators who were
successful in the preliminaries of the
Creighton Oratorical Contest, go to
the finals Wednesday, March 13,
among them will be Oscar D. Wash
ington, one of flhe leading Negro
orators of the city and a sen»r at
Creighton. This is the second time
in the history of the University that
a Negro has competed in the Annual
Contest, and both times it was Mr.
Washington. He last competed in
March, 1932. The audience is sure
of a treat when the orators meet.
The public is invited. There is no
j admission. The contest will take
Place at the Creighton auditorium
Wednesday, March 13th at 8 p. m.
i -
TWO NEGRO CULTISTS SHOT
IN RIOT
Out of fifty Negro cultists. who
staged a riot in the women’s court
in Chicago, two were wounded. The
Bailiff, Phillip Brankin, 29, was sent
to the hospital with a bullet in his
right lung. His condition is critical.
A great number of cultists suffer
ed cracked heads, at the hands of the
officials, and in return, the officials
weTe bitten, scratched,^ kicked and
cuffed while they were attempting
to get the rioters into c?lls. There
were thirty-three wouien and seven
teen men.
The riot started when nine women,
members of the “Moorish Order’.,
were brought into court for quarrel
ling. During the melee a 73-year-old
police official dropped dead. A phy
sician said he had recently been treat
ed for heart ailment.
g-1
Local Matron Scores
Hearst Writers Views of
Lindbergh Horror
| Mrs. W. Roderick Brown Declares
Selling of Bruno Ladd r Souvenirs
Is Nothing Compared to Sale
of Burnt Flesh of Lynch
Victims In South
By Lillian Woodyard-Brown
One late afternoon during the sum
mation of the Lindbergh kidnap trial
by the lawyers for the defense, a
prominent newspaper with radio privi
leges, asked various news commenta
tors and feature writ.rs to give high
lights of the day.
Among those who spoke was a wo
man feature writer. This woman was
horrified at the anxiousness of the
peopl-a to possess miniature ladders
symbolic of the one the heartless kid
napper ascended to the window of
Baby Lindbergh and descended with
the tiny bundle only to have the lad
der break under the excess weight
causing the demon to drop the child
to its death.
The woman writer was horrified at
the ghastliness of the symbols and the
commercial greediness of the people.
And of such she wras justified. She
had considered the people gathered at
the famous trial, although curious, at
least Americans—-red blooded Ameri
cans—but found instead a lot of filthy
blow flies hovering around and gloat
ing over the carrion.
I wondered if the ladji ever thought
of the terrible lynchings of this our
fair land—lynchings of defenseless
law abiding Negroes. Lynchings per
petrated by mobs of loyal red blood
ed citizens—Americans who outwardly
at least respect home and society.
These same loyal American citizens
are not satisfied only with the lynch
ing of women and men and the selling
of pieces of the rope from which they
dangled lifelessly, but mind you, sell
ing the very fingers and toes and bits
of hair along with pieces of the gar
ments which they wore.
Commercializing not a copy in wood
or metal—but burnt flesh, human
blood dried upon it. Loyal red blooded
American citizens eagerly have bought
and exhibited these bits of the human
I body.
As the woman feature writer has
said, I want to say “gloating over
these bits of human flesh as blow
flies over carrion.”
Kidnaping - Murdering - Lynching
—which is more deplorable?
Let us not sell facsimiles of either
kidnapers ladders or lynched human
flesh as souvenirs.
MAN “FEELS FAINT,” SLIPS TO
TO FLOOR DEAD
“I feel faint,” said Charles John
son, 58, Negro, to Rev. John Union
Tuesday afternoon as he sat in
DCRA headquarters at 4228 North
Twentieth street waiting for a re
lief order.
Johnson slumped to the floor, dead.
Heart disease was believed to be the
cause. He lived at 1632 North Tw
enty-first street.
RESENTS WIFE’S METHOD OF
AWAKENING HIM; ASKS
DIVORCE
Chcago, March 9—Mrs. Kulia An
drego awakened her husband one
morning at S o’clock by cracking him
on the head with a piece of lead
pipe. He resented this to such an
extent that he wants a divorce, and
it has been recommended that he
should have one.
MISS BROWN HAS SWEET RE
MEMBRANCES
Miss Alberta Brown, popular night
wa.tress at the Mason and Knox
cafe, who has fully recovered from
a severe attack of double pneumonia,
is not yet through thanking her many
friends for their kindness during her
illness.
Everyone seems to thnk that Miss
Brown is in need of more strength;
so she was highly entertained at a
fried chicken breakfast, which turn
ed into a party and lasted until lunch
time.
One thing that Miss Brown con
sidered a very outstanding act of
kindness was a large box of Ameri
can Beauty roses. No vase in her
home was large enough to hold them.
They had to be placed in a pail of
water and set on a table by them
selves. Enclosed in the box was a
card with the following inscription:
“Just a token of remembrance to
you durng your illness and a hope
f#r your speedy recovery. Publix
Cab drivers.”
The public Cab drivers have a sta
tion at the cafe where Miss Brown is
employed.
The following day a representative
of the cab company called on Miss
Erown and expressed the regret of
the drivers of her illness, and asked
her to call on them for anything she
reeded, even to hospital expenses, if
necessary.
Sunday evening, March 2, Miss
Brown was the dinner guest of Mrs.
White, 2226 Burdette.
BEAN FEED TO CELEBRATE
SINKING OF THE MAINE
Captain Allensworth, Camp No. 25,
and Auxiliary of United Spanish War
Veterans held their annual bean feed
at Elks’ Hall 2420 Lake St. Thurs
day night to celebrate the thirty
seventh anniversary of the sinking
of he Maine. The program consist
ed of patriotic speeches, music and
snging by a quartette. About sev
enty members and friends were pres
ent and enjoyed a very nice even
: ing.
YOUNG NEGRO REPUBLICAN
CLUB TO MEET SUNDAY
MARCH 11
The Young Negro Republican Club
of Omaha will meet Sunday, March
11, at the Community Center at 4
p. m. Attorney John Adams jr.,
State Representative from the ninth
distric, will be the principal speaker.
Attorney Wm. H. Thomas, president
of the Young Republican Club, will
also speak at this meetjng.
The public is cordially invited.
JACKSON GIVEN JOB IN NEW
FEDERAL BUILDING
Geo. H. Jackson, 2914 N. 28th Ave.
has been appointed as elevator op
erator at the New Federal Build
ing eH took a civil service exami
nation on December 11th. 1934, and
was appointed on March 1, 1935.
Mr. Jackson was formerly employ
ed at the Athletic Club from Decemb
er 29th 1919, until May 15, 1933. He
is an ex-service man.
NEW CLASSES TO BEGIN AT
COMMUNITY CENTER.
The Urban-League Community
Center, 2213 Lake St. announces the
opening of classes in designing, dress
making and art of all kinds, under
the supervision of John A. Smith.
There will be classes mornings, af
ternoons and evenings. Come in and
register now or phone WE-5020.
----- !
Sits With Supreme
Court Judges in Libel
Case.
.HON. JUDGE JOHN W. YEAGER.
who sat on the bench with the asso
ciated Supreme Court Judges during
the hearing of the Galloway Libel suit,
and who wrote the opinion of reverse
and dismissal.
THOMAS & THOMAS, ATTORNEYS
958 OMAHA NAT. BK. BLDG.
OMAHA, NEBRASKA
In the Supreme Court of Nebraska.
Lincoln, February 21, 1935
Dear Sir:
In the case of Galloway vs. Slate,
No. 29160, the following orders have
been made:
Judgment Reversed and dismissed.
Very truly,
GEORGE H. TURNER,
Clerk of Supreme Court.
ASKS $1000 DAMAGES
George Crumbly, 3029 Burdette
Street, local musician, filed suit in
District Court Wednesday against
Melvin Levin, police officer, who
struck Crumbley while they were rid
ing the elevator in the city jail.
Crumbley says that the cut lip that
he surered at the hands of Melvin
Levin will prevent his ever playing a
trumpet again. As a result, he asks
one thousand dollars damages.
TO MOVE TO NEW LOCATION
Dr. G. B. Lennox’s office and the
Ross Drug Store, of 2122% and 2122
N. 24th Street, respectively, will be
moved into the building now occupied
by the Shokunbi Laboratory in the
near future.
Dr. Lennox will occupy the upstairs
offices, which are modern and desir
able. Dr. Ross’ Drug Store will be in
the same building, downstairs, 2314
N. 24th Street.
PROPOSE BILL TO BAR INTER
RACIAL MARRIAGES
Olympia, Wash.—(CNA)—A bill to
illegalize marriages between colored
people and whites was introduced in
the Washington State Legislature
here. It is part of the drive of the
West Coast ship owners to divide the
white workers from the Negro and
Filipino workers.
In the recent General Strike on the
West Coast, the solidarity action of
the Negro, Filipino and white marine
workers was able to force the ship
owners to grant higher wages.
The measure, against marriages be
tween colored people and whites, fol
lows close upon the passage by the
lower house of the Washington Leg
islature of the Ott Bill which would
bar the Communist Party, active in
the General Strke, from the ballot.
The League of Struggle for Negro
ights has launched a mas campaign
against the proposed bill pertaining
to nterracial marriages.
THOMAS WINS LIBEL
SUIT FOR GALLOWAY
The following is the opinion of the Supreme Court, written by
the TIon. District Judge Yeager, who sat with the Supreme Court,
wdiich includes C. J. Goss, Rose Good, Eberly, Day, J. J. Paine and
Yeager.
C. C. GALLOWAY, ’#
Plais+iff in Error, :
-Y- :
THE STATE OF NEBRASKA, :
Defenlant in Error. :
No. 29160 :
1. An information which charges
that a libel was published in
a newspaper of “general circula
tion" in a particular county,
charges a misdemeanor and not a
felony.
2. The full and complete text of
an Information must be consider
ed and taken in its ordinary sense
to determine what, if any, crime
has been charged.
3. The evidence examined and
found not to support the charge
contained in the Information.
Heard before Goss, C. J., Rose,
Good Eberly, Day and Paine, J.
J., and Yeager, District Judge.
YEAGER, District Judge.
The above entitled action is one
which was instituted by the Coun
ty Attorney of Douglas County,
Nebraska, charging the plaintiff
in error, C. C. Galloway, who will
be hereinafter referred to as the
defendant, with libel. The defend
and was convicted and sentenced
to serve n term of three months
in the County Jail of that coun
ty. From the conviction the de
fendant prosecutes error to this
Court.
In his brief the defendant sets
forth five separate assignments
of error. In his first assignment
defendant claims that the Infor
mation does ont charge a crime.
An examination of the Informa
tion discloses that it, to a certain
point, in appropriaie language
charges the crime of libel. The
appropriate language is followed
by the following language: “And
has a general circulation in Doug
las County, Nebraska. The evi
dence does not indicate a circula
tion outside Douglas County. The
first point made by defendant is
that the Information sought to
charge a felony, whereas by the
terms of the language above quot
ed it did not charge a felony and
was therefore defective; and fur
ther ,that it was not a charge of
a misdemeanor. The point of de
termination between a libel which
is a misdemeanor and one which
is a felony is the question of gen
eral circulation or no general cir
culation. This Court has held
that a newspaper circulated in a
single county is not a newspaper
of a general circultaion.
Koen vs State, 35 Neba. 676. Of
necessity it follows that the Infor
mation does not charge a felony
because it specifically limits its
circulation to Douglas County.'
Doe3, then, thbn, the word “gen
eral” in the quoted language de
stroy it as a misdemeanor charge ?
We think not. The laguage is
certain and specific to the degree
that there can be no mistake as
to the limit of the circulation of
The Omaha Guide. The full and
complete text of an Information
must be considered and taken in
■ -
its ordinary sense to determine
what, if any, crime has been
charged. We must therefore con
clude that the Information charg
es a misdeameanor.
A determination of the first as
signment of error disposes in part
of the second and t'hird assign
men. The second and third as
signments deal, in part, with the
failure of the Court to explain
and differentiate between crimin
al libel which is felonious and
that which is not. Since the In
formation charges only a misde
meanor and since the instructions
were so predicated ,it follows that
there is no merit in this conten
tion .
In defendant’s third assignment
of error he urges that the Court
erred in refusing to give instruc
tion Number Three requested by
the defendant. From an examina
tion of the Information, the Bill
of Exceptions and the Instructions
given by the Court, it is unneces
sary to examine into the merits
of this contention. The Informa
tion alleges that the defendant
is the proprietor and editor of
The Omaha Guide. Instruction
Number Five informs the jury
that they must so find before they
will be permitted to return a
verdic of guilty. The evidence
conclusively shows that the de
fendant was neither the propriet
or nor editor of The Omaha Guide.
The nearest apporach is that’ he
was acting editor when the editor
was absent. There is no direct
evidence that he knew about the
article in question. The only di
rect evidence is that he knew
nothing about the article in ques
tion. The only direct evidence is
that he knew nothing about the
publication until the paper was in
circulation. We are constrained
to conclude that the evidence of
the State does not respond to the
material allegations of the Infor
mation and should therefore be
reversed and since there is no in
dication that any new evidence
could be secured we feel that the
conviction should be reversed and
the case dismissed.
REVERSED AND DISMISSED.
TOWNSEND PLAN ENDORSED BY
CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR
San Francisco, Cali., March 9—
The Townsend Old Age Revolving
Pension, which is being discussed
hroughout the country, has been in
dorsed by Governor Frank F. Mer
riam of California. Governor Merri
man says, “I have seen no specific
proposals for old age relief which, in
their basic principles, are as work
able as the Townsend Plan.”
HOLD ENTERTAINMENT FOR
AUTOMOBILE DRIVE
A Heaven and Hell Entertainment
will be given on March 15th at 2264
Binney St. for the benefit of the au
tomobile drive, which is beng sponsor
ed by; the Pleasant Green Baptst
Sunday school.
CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR ENDORSES TOWNSEND PENSION DILL
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