The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, July 07, 1934, Page Eight, Image 8

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The eye of a Master will l| I I I ||| I I I fl I “No Man was ever
do more work than his if I I I 1 L# I 11 I Glorious who was not
hand.-P| III I rllMIl Laborous.”
- March ol Even,. JJ JJ A j 1| A U ■ ~Ot,. ana No,’I Life
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Jhe reJeral government is to conduct an investigation
°^lc rates throughout the United States—in- !
Cludmg both private and municipal plants.
To A/^en} -iss^e of the ^ouse or£an of the Pacific
Mas and Electric Company, a representative private util-1
fty. carries a lead article entitled “We Welcome Federal
Rate survey. It states that the survey will show
l.iat private company rates are reasonable, and that abun
ilant pclwer costs the) average householder less per day
than the cost of a pack of cigarettes; that if allowance is
made for taxes, the rates of this company will compare
favorably with those of municipal plants; that the private
utility gives iservice to all classes o|f customers, including
many farmers in arqas where users are few and far be-1
tween, while municipal plants stick; to serving the cream
of the business in congested localities.
That utlity is like most others in this country—and it
can be safely forecast that if the survey is conducted with
out prejudice in favor c$f either side, the facts obtain
ed will not be to the disadvantage of the private electric
industry. To be of I any consequence^ the survey must
take into considerotiqn such important factors as the
locality a company servers (it obviously costs much moire
to produce pqwer in the middle of a desert than at Niagra
j ,e ^axes it Pays; the difference in bookkeeping
methods between private and public plants; the zeal it
has shown m broadening srvice to bring the benefits of
.power to distant and non-profitable customers. If that
is done, the survey will clear up much misundetrstanding
and be of great value to the country.
; ' ir r X . _
Stock fire insurance is the foundation of the nation’s
credit structure.
It provides a service that, from the standpoint of
commerce, is invaluable. Without it, not a ship could
put to sea, not a building could be erected, fnot a freight
shipment could be moved, unless the owners of the vroper
ty were willing and able to face great risk.
For that service, the stock, companies charge a fee
' that is amazingly low. Ever since pre-war days, it has con
tinued to come down. In 1913, the average charge for $100
df stock fire insurance was $1.10. In 1932, it was
70.16 cents. During that time the insurance industry
inaugurated many services which are almost as useful to
the public as the issuance of policies. It has made great
strides in preventing and punishing arson. It has
i shown communities hdw to guard against the occurance
of fires, and how to more dfficieitly quench them when
they start. It has carried on inspection campaigns
throughout the country to eliminate} needless hazards.
' It has perfected a model building code which is incorpor
ated in the laws of many progressive communities. All
’ these activities, it should be pointed out, mean money-in
pockeit for pojlicy holders, as they tend to reduce fire loss,
and thus, in the long run, to keep the insurance rate
Efforts to artificially force fire insurance premium
interest. Safety and soundness are the prejrequis
’ iter- of any insurance} institution. A legisla
■ tive policy which made it impcjssible for the compan
ies to earn a fair profit with which to build and keep up
- reserves and carry on their many activities in the public
interest, would be costly indeed to the insuring public.
(Corrected and Re-Run)
Race voters with a new determination and an express
i intention must meet the recent decision of the Nebraska
: Supreme Court, holding House Roll 162, the re-district
1 ing measure, introduced and passed by Representative
: Johnny Owens, unconstitutional, ready to do battle at the
( pojls.
The new intention and determination should be
to send a race representative to the legislature regardless
nf the district._It can
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IM the CAST 10 ?
teAR.S. V.MNT r\
, no!
War or pe|ace-time battles are won by a well plan
ned and systematic campaign. That we may be assured
a race representative in the next legislature,, it is there
fore up to us to nominate a race candidate upon both the
republican and democratic ticket. This fight is bigger
than any one man. There should be in the field on each
ticket a singl race candidate. The weaker race candidate al
ready filed or anticipating filing should withdraw or de
cline to file in favor of the stronger man. Any can
didate or aspirant kriowing and realizing that he is the
weaker candidate, in view of the Supreme Court’s de
cision on the re-districting measure, and who wilfully
continues opr enters into the race is defeating the object
for which we have so long labored, and is not true to him
self or the community in wThich he lives. Let’s have one
race candidate on each ticket, get behind him and give
our all.
Each vo'teir should make himself a committee of
one to bring out the largest registration in the history of
Omaha. We have a great potential vote, half of which
lies dormant, disinterested and unregistered. Register
all of our votes and get them to the polls. We need have
no fear of the outcomes The predominately white pre- j
cincts ar.e registered and voting full, strength. They can
not further increase, we can. We are the mighty giant of
the distict lying asleep, undonscious of c(ur greiat power.
All we need do is stretch our arms and the prize is ours.
Let us awaken. • Heed the sound of the alarm.
We must not pass up our greatest safeguard, the ;
right to participate in government to dictate policy and to
select officers. We do pass up that opportunity w^hen j
we fail to register and vote. Regardless of what our j
registration may be, REGISTER. Democrats or Re
publicans let’s nominate a candidate on each of the tickets
and make sure of race representation in the legislature.
Giant strength is needed to win this important fight.
Is your neighbor registered? It is your duty to
find out. If he or she will not see the light or be convin
ced of his responsibility, call the Omaha Guide, and give
us his name and address. We will take up where you
leave off.
Read What Others Say
Qmaha, Nebraska
July 2, 1934
Editor of The Omaha Guide
Dear Sir:
If you have space in your paper
kindly run the following news item
“One of the most outstanding en
tertainments of the summer was held
on the beautiful garden lawn of Mrs
Dolores Blackwell, when a hundred
or more danced and made merry at
the “Moonlight Cabaret” given by
the Junia League. Tables and chairs
were arranged informally on the
• >
spacious lawn making a picturesque
setting under a sky of blue with the
silvery rays of the moon adding a
' ttuch of romance to the beauty of it
all. Soft lights out lined the dance
space where the dancers glided
gracefully to the mellow strains of
the music- Refreshments were also
ssrved on the lawn by the club mem
bers who were daintily clad in cool
summery frocks.”
Thanking you I am.
Yours truly,
Billions for Progress
George B- Co-telyou, President of
the Consolidated Gas Company and
j the Edison Electric Institute, recent
j ly made an address containing some
I facts of the utmost importance—
facts that should be known to every
citizen who seeks an intelligent under
standing of government and of busi
Mr. Cortelyou : aid: “Electric light
and power companies as a group have
been the largest contributor in this
country to the market for durable
goods, without which complete res
toration of prosperity is impossible.
During the ten year-period from 1922
to 1932 the electric light and power
industry spent foe expansion $7,500
000. . . .As late as 1930 the electric
light and power industry spent for
construction purposes the sum of $919
000.000- This outlay included an aver
age payroll distributer throughout the
country of nearly $40, 000,000 per
month, and was two and one-half tim_
es the monthly rate of expenditure by
the Federal government on Federal
projects financed by the PWA funds,
as reported in March, 1934, issue of
Monthly Labor Review, published by
the U. S. Department of Labor.
Even during the year 1933, with the
demand for extensions at a low ebb,
the electric light and power industry
spent more mon^y for new construc
tor than the federal government dis
cipalities and expended on the Bould
er Canyon and T. V. A. projects
That requires little comment—but
it is worth observing that a policy
that can destroy a great industry,
through tax-built, tax-financed, tax
subsidized Federal power plants, is
going to require a gweat deal of ex
plaining when enough of the voting
public gets hold of the actual facts
_ . »
There is a growing feeling on the
part of those in a position to know the
facts that government farm relief
measurers have made their most
ccnspicious successes when they have
sought to help the farmer help him
self—and have come nearest to fail
ure when they simply tried to change
condition through legislative judicial
or exxecutive fiat.
It’s on old axiom that doing a thing
for a person isn’t nearly so worth
while as showing him how to do it on
his own hook, and that is as true of
agriculture as anything else.
When official agencies have work
ed to build and strengthen the farmer
owned cooperatives, which represent
concentrated individual effort, they
have produced excellent results.
Thecooperatives have the great vir.
tue of permanence. They are im
mune to political considerations—they
ence. They can determine upon a
policy, and pursue it one year, five
years, or twenty years if it is ad
The soundly managed cooperatives,
consequently, are getting somewhere
They a;'e winning out along a dozen
fronts—winning in their fight for
stabler markets, better prices, and a
fairer break for the farm producer.
They eminently deserve the great
measure-' of agricultural, public and
official support they have been given
by those who understand their mo
tives and their methods
By Sidney J. Cullingham
1 here is nothing surprising in
Robert Smith’s interest in the aver
age man- His parents, coming from a
long line of farmers, ministers and
professional men, were born in Aber_
deenshire, Scotland and moved to
County Wexford, Ireland, after their
marriage in Aberdeen in 1856- Rob
rt was the sixth of seven children
The family immigrated to Omaha in
1880 and at the age of 13 Robert
went to work- His first job was as a
laborer in excavating a basement, for
which he received twenty five cents
a day- In his second job he doubled
his wages and received fifty cents a
day- Subsequently, as a youth, he
worked for the local as a printer’s '
“devil” in a newspaper office and
then, for eleven years, as clerk, sales
man, bookkeeper and general assist
ant in the grocery store of William
In 1896, Robert Smith and an as
sociate employee purchased one of
the Fleming grocery stores. Four
years later, Mr- Smith bought nut his
partner and the store was conducted
under the firm name of Robert Smith
and Brother until 1903.
On April 3rd., 1902 Robert Smith
was married to Edna B- Edson, of
Albion, Nebraska. They have five
children—three daughters who are
school teachers, one son. a lawyer !
and one son a student in college
There is nothing new in Robert
Smith’s sympathy for the oppressed j
and the unfortunate. As a grocer in i
the “hard times” of the “nineties” he
extended credit generously to men
who could not pay for the food which
he supplied. As a member of the
Douglas County Insanity Commission
for twenty-six years, he acted wisely
and judiciously for the best interests
of the afflicted, comforting stricken
families with the sincerity of his un
derstanding. The Douglas County
Insanity Comjnisson deals with about
450 cases each year
There is nothing unexpected in
Robert Smith’s declaration for ef
ficiency and economy in the admin
istration of public office. During the
years 1900, 1902, Mr. Smith served
as a member of the Omaha Board of
Education- His activity in uncover
ing official irregularities, in enforc
ing economy and in reforming pro
cedure led to his appointment, in
1905, as County Auditor. In that
office, in a single year, he saved the
County $25,000 by demonstrating to
the County Board the extravagance
of existing methods of purchasing
supplies. The record thus made re
sulted in his election as Clerk of the
District Court
When Mr- Smith took office as
Clerk of the District Court, he found
that the County had just lost $40,
000 from failure to collect fees.
Partly by his administrative effi
ciency, partly by the enactment of
new legislation which he prepared
and championed, he converted the
office into a money maker for the
County treasury. Every County in
the State profited by this legislation
prepared by Mr. Smith- During his
administration of this office he has
turned over to the Treasurer a total
of $223,774 after the payment of all
expenses- Long hours of painstaking
hard work, careful attention to de
tail and deserved loyalty of capable
subordinates contributed to this suc
cessful achievement
When Mr. Smith became Clerk of
the District Court, he found an or
ganized graft in the cashing of jury
warrants, jurors being charged an
exorbitant discount because the
County was unable to take up war
rants until six to twelve months had
elapsed To break up this graft, Rob
bert Smith borrowed money at the
banks on his personal note, paid the
interest out of his own pocket, and
paid the jurors in cash aigjMn full.
_ - '
custodian of all funds paid into court
for litigants, widows, orphans and
others- Robert Smith handled over
fifteen million dollars of these trust
funds without loss to a single person.
His successive reelections evidence
the satisfaction of the public
When a z*eform in the procedure
for selecting jurov^ resulted from
Robert Smith’s exposure of jury
tampering practices, the Obi aha
World-Herald said editorially:
“The thanks of the community are
due to Robert Smith, Clerk of the
District Court!”
When he was reelected Clerk of the
District Coudt by petition in 1930, I
the Omaha-Bee News commented:
“His triumphant victory is the best
possible proof that the voters of j
Douglas County have confidence in
the integrity and capacity of the j
man who has so long and so well
served them in one of the principal
offices of the public administration’- '
There is nothing strange in Rob- '
ert Smith’s insistence that public of
fice is, in fact, a public trust, and in
his passion for carrying out effect
ively the true expression of the pub- !
He will. He ended the uncertainty of
public school teachers’ employment
in Omaha by forcing the adoption of
the “permanent list.” He helped to j
write and he championed the enact
ment of the “honest elections” law
which made it certain that the votes
of Omaha citiz-ens would be counted
honestly as they were cast- He fav
ored the direct primary and woman
suffrage to give all the people a
voice in the administration of their
government- When an effort was
made to prostitute the primary law
by entering candidates with names
identical to those of trusted public
servants, he instigated an action in
che State Supreme Court to free
United States Senator George W
Norris from this unfair embarrass
ment. W’hen the Omaha boss con
trolled political machine attempted
the same tactics against himself by
filing another Robert Smith in the
primary to confuse the voters and
divide his vote so as to nominate his
real opponent, he withdraw from the
primary and administered a stinging
rebuke to such disgraceful bossism
by becoming a candidate by petition
and winning a triumphant reelection
as Clerk of the District Court by al
most as many votes as all other
candidates combined
There is nothing uncertain about
Robert Smith’s Republicanism. Rob
ert Smith has been a Republican all
his life- He has been an active .Re
publican, working diligently and
courageously within the party, as in
public office, to make the party
policy truly expressive of the popular
will and to Imake its administration
of public office honest, efficient and
tolerant. He is the Theodore Roose
velt type of Republican
In 1932, as Chairman of the Re
publican State Committee, he fought
valiantly and courageously to the
very end of the campaign for Her
bert Hoover, presenting the Repub
lican program and the Republican
candidates to voters in every County
in the State, with the smallest ex
penditure of funds reported in a nat
ional election in thirty years.
When, on May 3rd- 1934, Robert
Smith handed in his resignation as
Chairman of the Republican State
Central Committee in order to be
come a candidate for the United
States Senate, he left the party or
ganisation in the State in splendid
working condition. There was no dis
sension within the ranks, harmony
prevailed, and the party had no un
paid obligations. For this accomplish,
ment he has the thanks of the Re
publicans everywhere
Robert Smith has had a wealth of
experience that will make him in
valuable to Nebraska in the United
hours and higher pay, but those mat.
ters are the least of it. The
reason behind the strikes is the drive
for closed shop industry—the unions
are out to make American business
100 pjr cent closed shop, and they
mean business. It is both amusing
and important that in at least one
case employers finally agreed to meet
the wage and hour demands of strik
ing workmen—and were tum.d down,
because they wouldn’t consent to the
closed shop plan.
As fa: industrial production, there
is little to report. There have be n
some slight advances and some slight
recessions, and they about balance
each other. There may b- a down
ward swing soon, due to summer sea
sonal influences. Government spend
ing still confuses the picture, inas
much as it is impossible to ten how
much of recovery is due to more nor-,
mal times, and how much to abnormal
stimulations from distribution of
public money from Washington.
If it is true that familiarity breeds
contempt, there must be a tremendous
surplus of contempt among young
people today. This familiarity is a
mazing to us of other days. Looking
back, I wonder how the older people
of the conservative days managed
that my father, the late Senator R
B- Howell, served Nebraska in the
United States Senate, Mr. Smith was
his representative in Nebraska, his
confidant and adviser- In that cap
acity he was consulted by business
men, farmers and ex service men of
all wars, who came to him by the
hundreds from every section of the
State to obtain his help in matters
befo-e Congress and in the various
departmental bureaus in Washing
ton- These activities ranged from ob
taining a special pension for a nine
ty year old soldier who had fought in
the Union Army, to legislation for
drouth relief for the stricken area of
north-central Nebraska- He has
never turned a deaf ear to a man or
woman whose just cause at Wash
ington could be promoted by him.
There are few men in the State who
are better posted on what is going on
in Washington than Robert Smith—
or in the technical methods of get
ting work done
We need a Senator who will be for
Nebraska first and last, and all the
time- No one could be sent to the
Senate from this state who would be
more helpful in getting for her citi
zens needed legislation, relief and
pt.’ojeet assistance, and a just share
of the allocation of federal service in
the various economic fields.
It is because of the service that
Robert Smith has already rendered
along these lines that men and wom
en in every walk of life, in every
community of the State are support
ing him in his candidacy for the
United States Senatorship
Thousands of men and women
active in civic affairs in Nebraska
know Robert Smith- They know that
he has kept business ability which
had it been devoted to his private af
faire, would have made hikn weelthy
They know, too, that he subordinates
self interest to public interest and
gives the talents that would make
him materially rich to the servioe of
Robert Smith is today in the
height of his mental and physical
powers- Just as he engaged himself
in the study of law and won entrance
to the bar, so he is continuously ex
panding his talents for public service.
In moral courage he is literally
afraid of nothing. He has physical
and mental energy that is phenom
enal- He has the independent and
fearless character that is so much
needed n Washington where, in this
hour of experimentation and change,
we have government by professors,
young and old, who have had little or
no experience in the practical affairs
of Life and Government
We believe, that because of hia
background of Republicanism, busi
ness experience, professional train
ing, knowledge of economic, social
and political problems, devotion to
the public service, loyalty to our form.
government and broad sympathy
with, and understanding of, the aver
age man, Robert Smith should be
sent to the United States Senate to
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