The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, March 03, 1934, Image 1

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    An Uubridled, J
?-=sb Outstanding
for Your Community
e, “The Omaha Guide
\ Is vour Paoer”
v/s do cur part VOL. VII— Omaha Nebraska Saturday March 3,1934 NUMBER 53
Negro Airmen Plan Ocean Flight
Happenings That Affect the Din
ner Pails, Dividend Checks and Tax
Dills of Every Individual. National
and International Problems Insepar- i
able from 1 oeal Welafre.
Two potential courses of action j
when the Senate disclosures concern-.
must have occurred to the President |
ing the air mail contracts were j
brought before him- One was to fer-1
ret out the guilty and punish them-j
The other was to cancel all con
tracts, good and bad, and turn the
carrying of the mail over to the
army- The President took the latter
course—and started the hottest bat
tle of his Administration.
As usual there are two sides to ev
ery matter. The Senate disclosures
are sensational- Fund and collusion
are charged along with terrific pro
fits through specuation and pro
motion- In one case it is alleged that
a few hundred dollars was run up to j
a paper total of some twenty million ‘
—-while the government was paying
heavy subsides on the grounds that
they were essential to the develop
ment of commercial aviation
But it has not yet been proven that
all the operators are crooked- To
cancel every contract, lumping the
good with the bad, is punishment of
an unprecedented sort- That was
what the Lindbergh telegram com
plained about. It threw a bombshell
into the proceedings—and it created
a highly dramatic situation in which
the most famous private citizens and
the head of the government clashed
violently- The Colonel laid himself
open to criticism on the grounds that
the giving of the telegram to the
press before it reached the White
House was a breach of ethics and
that in being associated with an in
terested company he was a biased
party- Opinion seems to be about
evenly divided—half lining up with
the President, the other half with the
Colonel. The belief is expressed that
the president’s action was certainly
drastic on innocent stockholders—but
that Spartan means to get graft nt
of government are essential.
At this writing, the fight is mov
ing in the courts- Government won
the first victory, when a plea of
Transcontinental Western Air to re
strain the order was refused.
A determing factor in arrivinv at a
basis for future air mail contracts
will be the efficiency of the army in
handling the mail- Its ships are slow
er than those of private operators,
though it is hoped that this will be
offset by shorter tops due to elimin
ation of passenger service- The first
schdules are pretty sketchy in view
of past private service—many points
will be left off the map, at least to
begin with, and flights will be fewer
in number. Army air heads are wor
ried by the fact that their pilots are
young and inexperienced for the
most part when it comes to this kind
of flying and are starting at a bad
time of year. Three were immediate
ly killed enroute to posts in Idaho
and Utah
The cancellation order was vague
ly worded, left room for new private
eonracts if they are demanded and
are necessary. It seecs certain, in
that case, that the subsidy system is
to be dicarded, that the fixed price
basis will prevail, that smaller con
cerns will be given a break in ob
taining contracts
Yes, business is better. And the
curve is holding stubbornly to its
upward trend- Mainstay of the jump
is still the automobile industry’s
spectacular recovery— and spectacu
( lar is the word. Every fresh report
\ coming from the motor centers is
more encouraging than the last- Un
filled orders for both trucks and cars
are zooming- Ford and General Mo
tors alone are reported to be at least
a quarter of a million orders behind
Omaha Boy Makes
MILWAUKEE, Wis., March 1—
Paul Phillips, son of Mr. and Mrs
Thomas Phillips, 2874 Corby Street,
is a member of the Marquette Uni
versity track team which is just be
yir.niny it3 indoor season under the
leadership of Captain Ralph Met
calfe, another colored star and
world’s fastest human
Paul Phillips
Mr. Phillips was graduate from
Omaha Central High in 1932 and im
mediately entered Marquette where
he was an outstanding member of the
freshman track team, specializing in
the dashes. He is now a sophomore j
in the College of Liberal Arts
He placed second Omaha Metcalfe
in the 60 yard dash in the indoor
meet held at Notre Dame and second
in the 40 yard dash at Wisconsin,
also an indoor meet. He is a member
of the High Episcopal Church
And other industries are racing along
with the auto makers. In the depart
ment stores, according to the last an
nouncement, the casr registers are
ringing merrily, with an average
national gain of 25 per cent in dollar
volume over last year. The chemical
i industries, which survied 1933 n
good shape, are continuing their ad;
vance now, with glass, textiles, pa
per, etc-, finding good markets and
stable prices- The most recent De
partment of Commerce survey shows
steel output higher, business activity
better, commodity prices on the rise,
stock and bond prices up and general
betterment all along the line
Discontinuance of CWA, which has
employed 4,000.000 people—including
teachers, artists, street clearners, in
sect eliminators, a poet or two and
about every possible classification of
worker—,is beginning and will natur
ally react unfavorably on business
But leaders hope for the best—and.
what is more, seem really to expect
There will be no Nobel peace prize j
for 1933- Reason: In many parts of
the world war is closer than at any
time since 1913
Gei-many is the center of European j
troubles. The way the wind blows
was shown by the note the great j
ewers sent her recently, saying i
‘•hands off Austria-” It looks as if,
in case Hitler starts trouble, every
one will gang up on Germany and
bring the war to a quick and definite
ending. U- S- stand will doubtless be
strict neutrality- Wilson’s brave,
tragic and futile effort to sa\e a
world bent on self-destruction is still
too fresh in the American f id to
bear repetition now.
GREENWOOD, Miss- February 27
—(CNS)—Although he stole only
$1-80, 0- C. Brown, Negro, will go to
the gallows March 23 as the first to
be convicted under the new Mississ
ippi law making robbery with fire
arms a capital offense.
Nashville Educator
in tmaha
Professor Alto L- Snell, Ph. B. of
the Department of Education and
Psychology at Fisk University, Nash
ville, Tennessee was in Omaha last
thursday, on a tour of some of the
most prominent cities making a study
of their school systems and contact -
.ng prospective students for Fisk.
He was very highly pleased with the
school facilities and practices in Oma
ha. He said they ranked with the best
he had seen.
Professor Snell was very much
impressed with the meeting at Cen
tral High with members of the Jun
ior and Senior Classes- He told them
he hoped he would see some of their
faces at Fisk next Fall.
It was only through the kindness
of Mr. J. Harvey Kerns of the Oma
ha Urban League, Rev. Rhone of
Woodson Center and Miss Rachel I.
Taylor of the North Branch Y- W
C- A., that Professor Snell was able
to make the day so successful.
Professor Snell addressed a group
of graduates, former student and
friends of Fisk at a luncheon at the
Hillside Presbyterian Church, Mr. L
L. McVay, a former student of Fisk,
regrets that more of the good people
of Omaha did not have a chance to
see and meet Mr. Snell, but as the
Educator was only in Omaha one
day, he could not get in touch with
all who would have been glad to have
been present- Professor Snell was
very glad to see Mr. Robert Rucker
and Mrs. Alice Carrel Wilson both
graduates of Fisk. Mrs- Wilson, from
the Music Department, Mr. Rucker,
from the School of Business Admin
istration. Mr- Rucker was for four
years a student in some of Professor
Snell classes.
Laundry Code Keeps Down
Buying Power in The1
WASHINGTON, February 27 —(C
NS)—The wage differentials in the
Laundry Code signed the past week
by President Roosevelt with a note
of apology from the NRA, are called
“ridiculous” and the News and Ob
server of Raleigh, North Carolina,
protests that “t like the sixty-odd
Qthe code differentials keeps the
South the poverty stricken, under
privileged, poor black and white sec
tions of America.” It is pointed out
that while laundry workers in the
North will receive a minimum wage
of thirty cents an hour, those in the
South must subsist on a minimum of!
fourteen cents. It goes without say- j
ing, of course, that the minimum i
wage which laundry operators will,
permit the thousands of Negro men i
and women working in that industry i
to earn
The News and Observer says:
“This ‘Southern’ wage differential is
fast becoming one of the most dis
creditable features of the whole NRA
program. If it were a definite thing
based upon definite studies asd find
ings as to costs of living and effi
ciency of labor, such a differential
might be justified as representing a
gradual lifting of wages and living
standards in various sections from an
uneven past* As a matter of fact,
however, the South set up in the
codes is a region so nebulous and so
diverse that it means little more
than the success of some unwilling
employers to pay such wages as
would carry out the purposes of
NRA itself.
NEW YORK CITY, February 27—
(C-NS)—“They Shall Not Die” by
John Wexley, the author of “The
Last Mile,” opened here at the Roy
ale Theatre, Wednesday night Feb
ruary 21- The play is based on the
, Scottsboro case, the second trial and
l the cast numbers some 82 persons.
Pres. Asks Walter
White To Serve
As Adviser
WASHINGTON, February 27 —
Walter White, secretary of the Nat
ional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, was named
as one of the seven members of an
advisory council for the Virgin Is
lands by President Franklin D. Roose
velt today.
Other members of the council are
Secretary Ickes, Secretary Wallace,
Alfred K- Stem of Chicago, George
Foster Peabody of Saratoga Springs,
Dr. Mordecai Johnson of Howard
university, Washington, and Chrales,
W. Taussing of New York City.
President Roosevelt outlined the
purpose of the council in his letter!
to Mr. White, saying:
“The administration has formulat
ed a comprenhensive plan for the
social and economic advancement of
the people of the Virgin Islands,
which is being financed from public
works funds- For the first time suf
ficient capital is available to deve
lop a well-rounded program which
will bring a permanent benefit to the
islands if properly executed- The
economic phases will be conducted on
a non-profit sharing basis and will
include the development of cane is
lands and the operation of sugar j
mills and a rum distillery.
“Coincidentally, he social aspects
will be cared for through adult edu
cation, nursery schools, homestead
ing and improved housing conditions.
Cooperative methods will be used
wherever practicable, which will en
able these people to help themselves
toward an improved standard of liv
“I desire to form an advisory
council of seven members to assist in
the program, and I would like you to
serve with the Secretary of Agricul
ture, business and professional men
and others interested in the economic
condition of the Negro. As you know,
the active functions of managements
will be assumed by the Governor and
his staff and by men who will be en
gaged for the purpose, under the
general supervision of the Depart
ment of the Interior- I believe your
support will be helpful in this unique
movement and that you will have an
opportunity for accomplishment in a
field in which I am sure you are in
terested. Will you please advise me
whether you would accept an appoint
ment to the council?
“Sincerely yours”
Policy Holders’ Savings
Build Payrolls
As an illustration of how direct an!
interest the owner of a life insurance;
policy has in a public utility com
pany, figures made public by Paul B- j
McKee, President of the Pacific
Power and Light Company, Portland, j
Oregon, are of great interest.
Mr- McKee is the president of
three utility companies in the North
west which have $37,000,000 in bonds ;
outstanding. Life insurance compan- j
ies hold 6,000,000 or approximately i
one-sixth of these securities
Nationally the same ratio prevails,
life insurance companies owning $2,
000,000,000 worth of utility secur
ities, out of a total utility investment
of $12,h00.000000.
These figures graphically Ulus- j
trate that any action which injures;
the security, stability and earning j
power of electric light and power j
companies, strikes immediately at j
the investment and savings of life in-1
surance policyholders.
The best way to help business and
protect savings, is to advocate mea
sures which help the community,
create confidence and build payrolls
Committee On The
Education Of
Negroes To Fleet
A joint meeting of the National
Advisory Committee on the Educa
tion of Negroes and the Planning
Committee of the National Confer
ence on the Education of Negroes
has been called by the U-. S- Com
missioner of Education, Dr. George
F- Jook, to meet in Cleveland on Feb
ruary 27 in connection with the con
vention of the Department of Super
intendence- These committees are
comprised of approximately fifty of
the outstanding leaders in education
ar.d other activities relating to Ne
gro life.
There will be a brief report of the
regular work of the Federal Office j
of Education for Negroes, and of the
emergency educational projects- The
main feature of the meeting, how
ever, will be concerned with the Nat
ional Conference are expected to
make reports of the progress of their
work- Also, there will be brief mes-1
sages from Commissioner Zook, i
President Paul Stetson of the De-1
partment of Superintendence and
Miss Jessie Gray, President of the
National Education Association.
Dr- Ambrose Caliver, Federal Spe
' cialist in the Education of Negroes,
who is director of the Conference,
will be in charge of the Cleveland
The report further expresses the
feeling that the American Negro is
being placed at a disadvantage with
respect to his economic and social ad
vancement through:
(1) The curtailment of the ele
mentary school term
(2) The inadequacy of education
al facilities on the secondary school
Atlanta University Offers;
Scholarships For Gradu
ate Studies During 1934
ATLANTA, Ga- February 28—A
limited number of scholarships open
to men and women who are eligible
for graduate study will be available
for the next college year, according
to an announcement made this week
by President John Hope of Atlanta
Application for these scholarships
which are open to graduate students
in the departments of biology chem
istry, economics and business -admin
istration, English, history and mathe
matics and sociology, should be made
to the Registrar, Altlanta University,
Atlanta, Georgia, before June 1
w. C. Handy’s Daughter
Marries Banjo Player
NEW YORK, February 28—Eliza
beth Handy, daughter of W. C
Handy, who wrote the immortal “St
Louis Blues”, has become the bride
of Morris White, banjo player in the
Cab Calloway orchestra
They will spend their honeymoon
in London, England, where the band
opens an engagement March 5 at the
Palladium theatre
Osmund K- Fraenkel, of New York
City, ordered the motion for a new
trial in Decatur Alabama, Saturday,
February 24th- Judge W. W. Galla
han overruled the motion for a new
trial and the attorneys in the case
served order for an appeal in the Dis
tict Court- Mr. Fraenkel stated that
he was prepared to fight this case,
even if he had to take it to the Unit
ed States Supreme Court
(3- The frequent inability of the
Negro parent to gruirantee his child
an education on the collegiate level.
An appeal is made to urge the Fed
eral Government, in prosecuting its
program for higher education, to
provide liberally for the Land Grant
Colleges and othe educational needs,
in order that the Negro’s education
may be better assured.
Some discussion of the working of
the KRA-, as its program has affect
ed the NegTo, b came inevitable- The
report expresses the belief that more
encouraging hope might be given to
the Negro, during this crisis, if he
were given representation on each
of the following Boards:
(1) Consummers’ Advisory Board
(2) Labor Advisory Board
(3) Industrial Advisory Board
Under the caption of Labor Unions,
and exposition is given of \ie general
barriers set by such organizations
and the consequent embarrassment
to Negro labor
Finally, the attitude of the Fed
eral Government itself towards the
aspirations of Negroes wishing to be
appointed to Civil Service positions,
in the upper brackets of employment,
is outlined, with an earnest appeal
for a more democratic consideration
in respect to Negro appointments to
such positions.
' . ■ I
Colored Woman Appointed
Factory Inspector
PHILADELPHIA, Pa- February 28
—Mrs. Charlotte Carr, newly ap
pointed Secretary of Labor and In
dustry of Pennsylvania has recently
acted upon the suggestion of Herbert
E. Millen, president of the Philadel
phia branch of the NAACP-, and ap
pointed Mrs. Ruth V. Doss, a colored
woman, as special investigator of
Factory Inspection in Philadelphia,
Pa. This is the first time a colored
woman has served in such a capacity
in this state.
A letter expressing sincere appre
ciation for the appointment has been
sent to Secretary of Labor and In
dustry Carr by Walter White, Secre
tay of the NAACP
Miss Florence Allen Made
Fail to Get Judeship As
Did James J. Parker.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, February 27
—(CNS)—President Roosevelt is be
ing urged by Senator Buckley of
Ohio at appoint Miss Florence Al
len, Cleveland jurist to the vacancy
existing on the bench of the Sixth
United States Circuit Court of Ap
peals. There are a number of as
pirants but Miss Allen is being op
posed by the Cleveland Branch of the
The opposition to the appointment
of Justice Allen to the position to
which she aspires is based on “the
infamous opinion of herself and as
sociates in the case of Doris Weaver
vs- The Board of Trustees of Ohio
State University et al, rendered Feb
ruary 1933.” The opinion, the com
mittee “"holds “is contrary to the,
policy and law of Ohio for the past
fifty years,” and was based on the!
notorious “black laws” of Ohio, re
pealed fifty years ago.
Miss Weaver applied for a la Dora-1
tory course in Homes Economics at
Ohio State University without which
she could not complete her course
This involved keeping house for a,
number of white persons approxi
mating in size a family- The Court;
held this contact to be a “special
privilege” and upheld the action of
the University in discriminating a
gainst Miss Weaver- Justice Allen
concurred in this vicious discrimina
tion- If appointed to the job she
seeks, Justice Allen’s district will in
clude the states of Michigan, Tenn
essee, Kentucky and Ohio, a section
having a Negro population of around
one million.
* —.
Plan Flight To
• Paris
NEW ^ ORK CITY, February 27_
(CNS) — The George P. Davis Post °
No. 116, American Legion, a post of
colored war veterans has purchased
the Curtiss Thrush airplane, used by
Frances Marsalis and Helen Richey
m establishing a womens endurance
record last year and have rechristen
ed it the “Comrade.”
At the recent ceremony at Floyd
Bennett Field it was announced that
the “Comrade” will take off for Par
is in June, piloted by two colored
fliers, Charles H. Bolden, of Green
ville, South Carolina and Lloyd V.
Cox of the W'est Indies
Four Office of Education
Conferences to Be Held at
(Special to The Omaha Guide)
!• rom The United State Department
of The Interior—Office of Education
February 28—Four educational
conferences have been called by
United States Commissioner of Edu
cation, George F. Zook to meet in
Cleveland next week in connection
with the annual national convention
of superintendents of schools.
One conference on* February 25
will take up the financial implica
tions of the consolidation of schools
and transportation of pupils. Anoth
er will be a meeting of the National
Advisory Council on School Building
Problems to be held February 28
The National Advisory Committee on
the Education of Negroes also will
hold a conference and on February
25 a conference on comparable test
scores on the secondary school level
is scheduled.
T he conference on consolidation
and transportation was called by
Commissioner Zook as the result of
many inquiries and suggestions re
ceived by the Federal Office of Edu
cation from school administrators
throughout the United States con
cerning economics, if any involved in
school administrative and taxing
the revision of the boundaries of
Some of the questions to be taken
up are:
1- What economies rjay be ef
fected in a school consolidation in
volving an entire county?
2. How large is it economically
feasible to make an attendance area?
3- Under a plan of partial State
aid, what constitutes a satisfactory
basis for determining transportation
costs ?
4. Where should the ownership of
transporation equipment be placed?
The School Building conference
will be the fifth annual meeting of
the National Advisory Council. The
relation of schools to the Public
Works program, subsistence housing,
and city housing activities of the
Government will occupy the center ot
At the meeting of the National
Advisory Committee ori Education of
Negroes, to be held February 27, a
report will be made on the progress
and plans of the national conference
on Negro education to take place in
Washington, D- C-, in the spring.
Persons engaged in testing work
throughout the United States will
work out problems relating to the
construction of tables of comparable
test scores at the conference on Feb
ruary 25.