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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1933)
Pilgrim Baptist Church.
North 25th and Hamilton St*..
Rri. James H. Drtsaa, Pastor,
Sunday was a beautiful day and the
members of the Sunday School seem
to have been thankful for they were
very much on time. After a good
song service and the regular opening
exercise the classes marched to their
respective rooms with the teachers in
charge. Remarks and announce,
menu were made by the assistant
sopt Fred Dixon. 1 wo visitors were
present. The choir inarched in at
10:45 o’clock. The pastor Rev. Dot.
son preached from the subject, “We
are Well Able’’ using as a text Num.
ber* 13:30 and Caleb stilled the peo.
pie before Moses, and *.aid, ‘let us
go at once and possess it; for we are
well able to overcome it.’
In his remarks he said that, we
should not question God, and that we
as Christians should be willing to face
life’s problems and not listen to evil
reports and take a stand for right
and righteousness. A very good at
tendance with several visitors. Pil
grim welcomes visitors, come again.
Our evening srevices are very brief.
The pastor filled the pulpit again.
We are always out at nine o’clock.
The f.naneial drive u still going on.
The women registered one hundred
miles and the men one hundred miles
The women are still in the lead. Din_
nner will be served at the Church
Thursday from twelve o’clock until ?
The Church is havig a picnic at Mil
ler park all day Friday. Hot dogs
sandwiches, ice cream, pop and other
refreshments will be sold. The public
is invited to come out and enjoy your,
aelf. Ball game, races, croquette and
several other games will be played.
The Ever Loyal Club will have a Trip
Around the World August 17th. Cars
will leave the Church at eight thirty
for only 15 cents or two for a quar
ter including the ride and refresh
ments. Mrs. Clara Dacus. Pres. The
pastor will preach at the St. John’s
Baptist Church. Thursday evening of
St. Benedict Catholic Chufeh.
2423 Grant St..
Father Daily. Pastor,
M. C. Arbuckle. Pastor
Sunday being the 9th Sunday after
Fenitcost, the Epistle is found in
First Corinthians 10:6_13. Tjje Gos_
pel of St. Luke 41:47. Catechism is
being taught every Sunday in the
school building by Miss Mary Anne
Founder and Miss Mary Schroeder
and the children are learning the
Christian doctrine very fast. Sunday
August 13th there will be a dinner
and exhibit held at the school in the
afternoon. The St. Benedict’s Im_
provement Club’s lawn social was
sure a success as was reported by
Mrs. Mabel Fields. Pres. Keep an
eye open for entertainments for this
fall and winter.
A bakery sale was sponsored July
9 by Mrs. Mary Scott and Sarah
Lindsay for the benefit of St. Bene_
diet Church. The Ladies were very
successful in their attempt. Those
assisting with the baking are: Mrs.
Sarah Lindsay*, Madeline Sterling,
Mary Davis. Lulls Roundtree and Me
Kim. The sales ladies were Mrs.
Mary Scott. Lewis Carpenter and
Mr*. Aron Glass. Those who donated
to this worthy cause were Mr. Russel
Lewis, Mrs. White. Mrs. Mary Davit,
Mrs. V. Metayer, Mrs. Grant, Mrs.
James, Mrs. Mrs. Vivian Carpenter,
Mrs. Rath Williams and Mr. and Mrs
Ward Morris. Mr. Sims did the de_
livering with and for the ladies.
Father Daily donated the use of his
St. John A ME. Church,
“The Friendly Church”
22nd and Willis Avenue,
Rev. I, P. Bryant, Pastor,
The servicc-s at St. John last Sun.
day were well attended in spite of the
Rev Bryar.t preached a strong ser_
men on “The Holy Mount of Prayer”
Some of the thoughts to be remem.
be red are as follows: “We Need the
True Teat of Discipleship; to Stand
the Test we must often deny Our.
selves, which is after all one of our
best tests; prayer is the key to
thing* invisible, and if one really
prays sincerely, it will bring joy and
peace out of sadness. If one takes
hfs place in life and serves God, he
will get his reward.
The Mary Lee Circle, a club of the
children of the Church, gave a Holly,
wood wedding last Friday ni^ht,
which was quite a success. It shows
the results of hard work by the child,
ren and those who trained them.
The Booster Club and Usher Board
report a successful evening out at
the Park last Wcdnes-iay.
As the Conference will open at St.
John on Sept. 27. the t'-bs and
board* have began making Plans to
see that everything will be in readi.
nes» when the time comes. Rev.
Bryant started giving out “Dollar
Money” envelopes last Sunday. He
hopes that afi members and friends
will get one of the envelopes and put
at least a dollar in it. There is a
chart on the envelope that shows just
where every cent of the money is to
As you read the Omaha Guide you
will hear more about the conference
and the noted people from all parts
of the country who are to be in your
city. Watch carefully for your close
friends who may be coming. We hope
you will fall in line and help put this
conference over in fine shape as it
will be a credit to your city as well
as one of your churches.
Visitors are always welcome to St.;
John and are invited to make it their
church home while in t*he city. Sun_ i
day school at 9:30. Morning services!
10:45 a. m. Endeavor 6 p. m. and
Evening services 7:45 p. m.
.Mt. Moriah Baptist Church,
24 th and Ohio Sts.,
Rev. F. P. Jones, Pastor
Sunday was another great day at
Mt Moriah. Sunday school opened at
9:30 with the usual enthusiastic at_
tendance. A vote of thanks was giv_
, en the Supt., Teachers and Church
by the pupils, to express their apprec.
iation for the enjoyable outing which
was given them last Thursday at
Elmwood Park. The Evangelistic
period was conducted by Miss Alace
Parks. Short Talks were made by
Harold Biddeaux and Cola Mae Kemp.
Since this was the day of our Flag
Rally, pastor Jones preached a very
unique and helpful sermon on the
flag. The colorful display of flags
of various sizes which bedecked tbs
platform blended with inspirational
attitudes‘of the worshippers, creat.
ed an atmosphere of deep devotion
and loyalty. The marked progress in
the work of the church was comment,
ed upon by the pastor, and the con.
gregation shouted praises to God for
answered prayer. The Junior de_
partment of the BYPU. under the
direction of Miss Ethel Speese ren.
dered a very excellent program at the
B^ PU. hour. At 3:00 p. m. another
spiritual feast was enjoyed. Rev. Can.
non of the Paradise Baptist Church,
and a large number of his members
were present. Rev. Canon preached
a wonderful sermon, subject “They
Watched Him to Accuse Him”. At
8:00 p m. a very inspiring and ed
ucational address was delivered by
Dr. W. L. Straub Institute of English.
The Men’s chorus sang at this serv
ice. and led the audience to a high
spiritual level by tl\e rendition of
their numbers. Mr. Edward Beasley
is director, and Deacon Miles Speese
p:anist. At the close of this service
the audience was given a most unus
ual surprise. Rev. Anthony, pa*tor
of Salem Baptist Church suddenly ap
peared on the rostrum coming in
through the robing room, and de
manded all to pass down that he had
come to take charge, at the same in
stant his choir passed into the choir
stand, and his members began com
ing in at the front entrance. The
entire congregation joined in singing
Amazing Grace How Sweet It
Sounds, after which Rev. Anthony de
livered a sermonette on “The Service
of Christ”. At this period all who
had not taken down a flag were per
mitted to do so according to the a_
: unt of money they gave. The Aux
iliaries who made their monthly re
ports, were also permitted to take
down a flag, then all who had flags
were called to the rostrum and while
they sang the benediction waved thei^
flags in glorious adoration to God.
' old drink? were served to all by the'
Courtesy committee after dismissal.
A hearty welcome is extended to all
who will accept our invitation to all
of our services.
Bethel Baptist Church,
21*1 h and T Sts..
Rev, J. H. Jackson, Pastor,
s J. C. Collins, Reporter
The Sunday school is steadily mov.
()vr 11 o’clock worship services
was well attended. The speaker of
' morning and evening services in
':;e absence of our pastor, Rev. J. II.j
Jackson was Rev. S. D. Rhone of
this city. His subject for the morn. |
ing worship was “Jesus the Light and
the Darkness”. This was a wonder,
The ever ing worship began at 8
o’clock. Rev. Rhone had as his sub
set “I am the Way.” Persons hear,
ing this sermon were greatly benefit,
ed as this message was applied to our
every day lives.
Rev, Rhone is connected with the
Visitors and friends are always
welcome to worship with us at the
Bethel Baptist Church.
Zion Baptist Church
2215 Grant Street
Rev, C. C. Harper, Pastor,
Rev. J. R, Young, Ass’t Pastor
Sunday school 9:30 a. m. H. L.
Anderson, Supt. Morning service
was preached by Rev. J R. Young,
Senior Choir furnished music ,for the
day. Mrs. Bessie Kirby, pres. Mrs.
Anderson. Sec’y and Mrs. Ada Wood.
' son. director.
The State Rally held Sunday af
ternoon rendered a very inspiring
program conducted by Mrs. C. C.
Harper. At the close of the service
all was served with lemonade and
The night service was preached by
the Rev. J. S. Williams, of Hillside
Presbyterian Church, who brought to
us a very inspiring message on the
doctrine of True Christianity.
The BYPU. will meet next Sunday
at 6 p. m. Sunday’s program will
he rendered by Group No 1 with D.
Paradise Baptist Church
23rd and Clark Sts.,
Rev. N. C. Cannon, D D. pastor
We are happy to announce that
our pastor was with us ail day last
Sunday, after 90 days of Evangelistic
touring. While away the pastor was
called to the First Baptist Church,
South Sioux City, Nebraska, but we
are thankful to say that he has de_
dined this offer.
Services were well attended Sun
v \, and the spirit v/a>: high with’a
the walls of Paradise. We enjoyed a
powerful sermon delivered by cur pas.
tor at Mt. Moriah Baptist Church at
3 p. m. Don’t forget that a great'
revival is now going on at our
Church, and is being conducted by
the pastor and his son, Rev. Styrlan i
J. Cannon. Come out and help save |
a Soul. C. M. Maupin, reporter
___ ' I
Cleaves Temple CME. Church,
25th and Decatur Streets,
Rev. J, L. Glover( Acting Pastor
Sunday School opened at 9:45 with
Mrs. Sarah Stamps, Supt. presiding.
1 The school was largely attended and
the lesson was very interesting.
At eleven o’clock the service was
quite inspirational. A very soul stir_
I ring sermon was delivered by the
The discussion in the Epworth
League is increasing in interest as
more of the adults and young people
are attending regularly.
The evening service climaxed the
day’s program with a lovely song ser“
vice rendered by the choir, and a
short sermonette from Rev. Glover.
The Forjvard Step Club invites ev
ery one to the breakfast on Sunday
August 13th at Cleaves Temple
Church from 7 to 9 a. m.
PARABLES OF OUR LORD
By Dr. A. G. Bearer
(For the Literary Service Bureau)
Text: Father. I have sinned—
The prodigal has gone wrong. He
has disgraced himself and brought
disgrace on his father's family. He
has suffered for his folly. Returning
penitent, he does not try to excuse his
sin, but makes honest confession. And ;
in his relationship to God, man must
confess his sin in order ^to be forgiv_ 1
en. John’s declaration is. “If we can j
fess our sins He is faithful and just1
to forgive us our sins and to cleanse !
us from all righteousness.
In the Bible is found account of
some great sinners, but in every case
contrition and confession have brot
forgiveness. The most prominent il_J
lustration is the case of David whose j
confession comprises the 51st Psalm, j
called the penitential Psalm. Instead j
of confessing, Adam charged his sin!
to God and “the woman thou gavest
me.” King Saul flaunted his sin in_
stead of confessing it. Instead of con
fessing, Judas Iscariot rushed off and
killed himself.' And always destruc.
tion has followed failure to confess,
as certainly as forgiveness has been
the boon to those who have confessed.
“Father, I have sinned,” will bring
cleansing and peace.
KOOKEN ORDERS PROBE WHERE
8 IN FAMILY ILL
Four Persons Better and Others Re.
covering After Meal.
Don L. Kooken, superintendent of
the welfare department, Friday morn,
ing ordered a..probe of causes of food
poisoning which Wednesday night
made eight persons in the Ralph
Scalzo family, 1016 South Twenty,
fifth street, violently ill. All but four
of the older children had nearly re.
covered Friday morning.
It was found that hamburger had
been eaten at dinner. Mrs. Scalzo, the
only one not eating it, w'as unaffect,
Kooken ordered an analysis of
samples of the hamburger bought
from the store.
Two others, New Fa vara, 1038 So.
Twenty.third street, friend of the
Scalzo’s, and Mrs Tony Pane, motV
er of Mrs Scalzo, ate at the home and
were made ill Both are recovering.
By Videtta Ish
“Us older ones remember, how* we
wasn’t allowed to dispute our parents.
We no more would do it than we
would try to flv.” Now we hear from
children, “I didn’t; you know I did.
n’t.” “Yes. you did. Mom, and no use
to deny it.” “You did say it and you
know' you did.” And parents meekly
say, “Well, I know I didn’t;” or “May
be I’m misaken.”
In olden days a child who would
dispute his parents was considered a
“pariah.” Even other children con.
demned such actions. Now, such a
child is called “rather impudent” by
older persons and is hero or heroine,
in the days of other children. Again
it would be well to remember the
Bible injunction “Inquire ye for the
old path and walk therein.” Again,
where children persist in this habit,
better not “Spare the rod and spoil
Have Your Notary Public
Work Done at The OMAHA
Industrial Code for Negro Lumber Men
STATEMENT OF THE NEGRO IN.
DUSTRIAL LEAGUE CONCERN.
ING THE CODE OF FAIR COM.
PETITION FOR THE LUMBER
AND TIMBER PRODUCTS IN.
By Robert A. Pelham director
The Capital News Service, Inc.
The N^fro Industrial League re_
presents at this hearing Negro work,
ers actually employed in the lumber
and timber products industry, who
are either members of the League or
members of labor bodies affiliated
with the League. Our interest in this
code relates to Articles VI and VII
and schedule A and B Testimony
which I have to present on behalf of
the League is support of the content,
ions that the wages proposed for the
Southern branch of the industry in
these schedules are entirely made,
quate to conform to the requirement
of Presdient Roosevelt for a decent
living wage; and that the hours of
service there provide for this section
are entirely too long to bring about
substantial increases of employment.
The Southern branch of the lumber
and timber products industries is a
most important part of that group of
undertakings. In 1929 the states
classified by the Census of Manu_
factures as southern produced lumber
products (exclusive of planning mills
and cooperage goods) valued at $401,
758,652 In addition the output of the
North Carolina pine states (that is to
say North Carolina South Carolina
an Virginia) was valued at $108,586,
597 Thus in an aggregate national
output valued at $1,100,637;193 the
lumber and timber products of these
Southern states accounted for $510,_ j
345,299 of the total valuation These '
two sections cut 41.9 per cent of all
the lumber felled in the United States
in 1929. Mississippi was the leading
producer of yellow pine in that year.
Within ffer borders 2,144,295 M board
feet of soft wood were cut. The re_
maindr of the 11,629,689 M. board
feet of yellow pine save 162,566 M.
board feet, were cut in th Southern
states. The eleven leading oak cutting
as well as the twelve lading red gum
producting states were also southern.
The South also dominated cypress;
production Thus it is apparent that
the Southern region is the outstand. j
ing factor in yellow pine, oak, red
gum and cypress production.
The Negro has always been an im_
portant element in the labor supply
in the lumber industry of the South,
ern region In the nation as a whole,
out of 584,409 workers reported at.
tached to the industry in 1930 by the
United States Census Bureau, 144,.
865 were Negroes. This latter number
represented 24.7 per cent of the total
labor supply in this industry for the
entire country Inasmuch as most
Negro labor in the industry will be
found in the Southern branch, the
Negro percentage of the total labor
supply in that region is considerably
higher. Of the 162,233 lumbermen,
raftsmen and woodchoppers in the
country, 24,441 or 15 per cent of
them were Negro. Among the class
of workers Negroes were especially
important as teamsters and haulers
They comprised 20 per cent of the
total number in this group. Eight and
eight tenths per cent of the semi,
skilled workers classified as oper.
atives in the industry by the Bureau j
of Census in 1930 were Negro In
that same. year there were 292,073
workers in the lumber and timber
prdoucts industry classified as labor,
ers Of these 108,642 or 37 per cent
were Negroes Thus in the industry
as a whole the Negro represents an
importar-t factor, in the Southern
branch of this industry, where he is
for the most part engaged as a lab.
orer or semi.skilled operative, at
wages in either class now below the
minimum wage, his position calls for
careful consideration at this hearing.
In the Southern states lumbering
engages more Negroes than any oth.
er which is to be considered under
the National Industrial Recovery Act
with the exception of the building
trade industry. In 1930 more than 98
per cent of all Negro lumbermen,
raftsmen and woodchoppers were at.
tached to the Southerns branch of
the industry. Of the total number of
Negro operatives in sa\y and planning
mills, 5,186 or 32 per cent were from
this region; while 96 per cent or 91,_
816 of all Negro classified as labor,
ers in saw and planning mills were
concentrated below the Mason and
Dixon line When the numbers of
Negro workers in the Southern region
are compared with the totals f
white workers in this section we find
that 44 9 per cent of the lumbermen,
raftsmen and woodchoppers; 31.9 per
cent of the woodchoppers and 60 per
cent of the laborers in that section
of the Industry were Negro
While the figures and percentage
relate tc the condition of the industry
in 1930, it is fair to infor that these
conditions obtain practically the
same today It is strikingly apparent,
therefore, that tbe hours of service
provisions minimum wage rates es_
tablished in schedules A and B of the
proposed code as they relate to the
Southern region refer in a large de_
gree to Negro labor And the eco_
nomic well being of probably half a
million Negro citizens is inescapably
tied up in a final decison of the Nat_
ional Recovery Administration upon a j
fair wage and an equitable period of;
weekly service for labor in the South
ern branch of this industry
The position of the Negro Industrial
League speaking for this group of
Negro laborers, who are largely un_
organized, is in accord with the opin.
ion expressed by General Johnson on
July the 11th that “the hours of ser.
vice and minimum wages in these
regions are wholly unacceptable” and
should in no case be approved It will
require but little analysis to demon,
strate the truth of General Johnson’s
Numbers of Negro workers in the
semi.skilled branches of the industry
will be grouped with common labor,
ers in the matter of hours of service
and minimum wages But even if
these workers are disregarded and
only those actually listed as laborers
by the Bureau of Census for 1930
are taken as a fair index of present
conditions the record of the applica.
tion of the privisions of the proposed
code to this smaller group is start,
ling. The 91,816 Negro workers in
the Southern saw and planning mills
will under the code be required to
work 40 hours a wek at 22 V6 cents
per hour of $10.80 a week At the
same time white laborers doing the
same grade of work in mills in the
Western Pine and West Coast Region^
will be required to work only 40
hours a week for which they will re.
ceive 40 cents an hour of $16.00 a
If these low paid Negro workers
are compared with a like number of
higher paid white workers of the
West the following results is obtain,
ed: The Negro laborers will be re.
quired to work 4,407,168 man hour,
weekly to receive a weekly pay of
$991,612 80; while an equal number
of white workers in the higher paid
districts will be required to work only
3.672,640 man hours weekly to receive
$1,469,056 00 weekly. The difference
of yearly buying power of these two
groups will be $24,827,046 40 in favor
of the white group This is a variance
for which no reliable statistics on
costs of living in rural lumber camp
communities can be offered in justi_:
fication even when a most favorable
interpretation is placed on statements
made at this hearing concerning the
Utopian existence of the Southern
lumber mill laborer.
The keystone to the arch of this
national recovery program has been
stated again and again to be the
speedy increase of the buying power
of the entire buying public of the
nation. This is to be accompanied, and
in actual fact has been anticipated,
by a steady rise in prices. The rise in
prices of the basic foodstuffs and
other necessaries of life has known i
no color line. Is it fair, therefore, to
draw such a line between wages paid
in a region dominated by black labor,
ers and a region dominated by white
laborers? Certainly such a (ftscrimin.
ation in wage differentials—so point,
ely directed at the Negro labor in the
industry—can not be said to be in j
keeping with an essential purpose of
In addition it must be borne in
mind that the minimum wages estab.
lished in Southern lumber regions
will in every case become the maxi, i
mum wages for this group. This fact;
in itself offers a cogent reason for.
greatly increasing this minimum.
The code establishes no minimum
wages for semi.skilled and skilled
operatives. Discrimination by race,;
which has been characteristic of wage
scale'g paid in all southern industries,
is not only wholly possible under the
code a proposed but is also highly
probable. Thus insofar as the code
affects the Negro the minimum wage
propssed for the southern section will
represent the maximum for Negro
workers in all branches of mill work
in this region, regardless of their
degree of skill.
There is grave reason to doubt if
the $10,80 weekly minimum wage re.
presents even a “bare subsistence
wage” Certainly it cannot be label],
ed a “decent living wage ” The pro.
pose minimum is lower than the un_
satisfactory minimum established in
the cotton textile code for an admit,
tedly low pay industry. Like the cot.
ton mill worker, the lumber mill
worker, has be.en a victim of the
nauseous paternalism of the mill vil.
lage already repudiated in strong
terms by the Administrator of this
Act and the President of the United
States. The cotton mills are like the
lumber mills located in agricultural
communities away from cities, <the
laborers in both industries are on an
equal footing in every respect Yet
it has been suggested that $10.80 is
a decent living wage for lumber mill
laborers in the south, while $12.00 a
week has been set for cotton mill
Under no circumstances does the
Negro Industrial League advocate
the minimum of $12.00 a week to be
set for these workers. Our position
is simply that the already low mini,
mum in the cotton textile industry
should not be further reduced in the
case of southern lumber industry. The
.proposed minimum is lower than
most of the minimums now paid lab.
or in the other industries, all of
which will be raised. The costs of
canned goods clothing and many other
essentials of the family budget are
practically the same for rural and
urban communities. With rapidly in.
creasing price levels, it is obvious
that the proposed minmum will not
I serve to give the Negro labor in the
; lumber industry of the south with his
1 nearly half of a million dependents a
fair chance of warding off the evils
of hunger and human misery. Nor
must it be supposed that the purposes
of the National Industrial Recovery
Act will be served by simply giving
Negro labor a bare subsistence wage.
A much higher minimum is necessary
if these purposes are to be achieved.
The Negro labor has been paid rid_
i iculously low wages in no justifica_
I tion for the repetuation of such wages
I in a code of fair competition. For
these reason, then we advocate a
minimum wage of not less than 40
I cents an hour in the southern branch
of the industry.
Moreover another important pur.
; pose of the Act is defeated by the
differing hours of labor prescribed
for workers in the several regions un_
der schedule B of the proposed code.
From the figures for laborers which
have already been given, it is appar.
ent that if the 91,816 Negro laborers
in southern lumber mills were placed
on a 40 hour week basis as has, been
done in the case of white laborers in
the western regions then the 734,528
man hours weekly which they work
in excess of these white fellow labor,
ers would provide jobs for 18,863 ad.
ditional workers, whose pay would
amount to $301,808 00 weekly or $15,
694;061 00 annually These figures
represent an understatement of the
situation, since they are laborers
alone. Many thousands more would
be furnished employment if the 40
hour week were extended to skilled
labor in the southern regions. Failure
to do this in the proposed scheduled
results in the defeat of another im_
portant objective of the Act, namely
the- reemployment of these vast re.
servoirs of human labor now destitute
and out of work
It needs no statistical survey to
establish the fact that Negro labor
has suffered from unemployment to
a greater proportionate degree than
has white labor. Whatever else may
be said of the Negro laborer in the
southern lumber mill, it cannot be
said that he is contented and happy
He is downtrodden and intimidated
and this has been,. eupemistically
termed at this hearing, “content,
ment.” He has not .caused labor diffi.
culties because he is not organized.
Despite bland assurance we have not
rebelled against the low wages paid
him has been because intimidation
and fear coupled with enforced ignor.
ance and economic destitution, have
conspired to vitiate his bargaining
power Certainly it is the spirit of
the National Recovery Act to protect
those very classes, who will be least
able to secure a fair wage by the
strength of their own collective bar.
If the hours and wages for the
southern regions proposed in these
schedules are allowed to stand unem.
ployment will not be lesened for Ne_
gro labor, Negro lumber mill work,
ers will not be able for themselves or
their families to cope with the stead,
ily increasing cost of living But this
is not all, the $40,521 ;062 40 in in.
creased buying power which should
come to this class of labor and of
which it is denied under the proposed
code will not flow out into the chan,
nels of commerce to purchase the
products of the farm and factories
Somewhere this disastrous policy of
establishing lower wage rate fcr No.
gro labor must stop If it is allowed
to permeate all of the codes which
are being presented, then white
manufacturers will find that they
have no sales for their products be.
cause they have. allowed the Negro
market to become paralyzed, a mar.
ket, if you please, better than any
foreign market that could be hoped
for a market from fluctuating 'tra
and uncertain competition fac.tors,
and a market large in potential de_
Certainly no code that have yet
been proposed and few which are to
follow are freighted with as much
significance to Negro labor as is this
code under discussion. And certainly
no heavier blow could be struck a.
gainst the return of prosperity of
long suffering Negro families in the
south 4han the discriminations con.
tained in the schedules appointed to
it is the earnest recommendation:
of the Negro Industrial League that i
the minimum hourly wage in the
southern regions be not less than ,40
cents an hour and that the maximum
weekly hours or service be approved
for not more than 40 hour a week.
POISON DRINK KILLS PHILADEL
PHILADELPHIA—(CNS) — Wood
alcohol stolen from a West PhiladeL
phia garage and peddled through that
section of the city during the days of
last week has killed at least ten per_
sons, according to a police investi_
gation. A number of them Negroes
Police broadcast a warning through
out the city, but before the warning
was given in addition to several white
men, John Purnell, 33; Edna Coleman
29; William Thomas, 40; Thomas
Lawson 40; William Parker, 32; and
an unidentified yo-ung man, all Ne_
groes died in Hahnemann Hospital.
The police described the situation
as especially dangerous inasmuch as
the amount of liquor stolen was not
accurately accounted for. Garage
owners especially in West PhiladeL
phia, were requested to check their
supplies of wood alcohol in an attempt
to determine the amount of the poison
ed liquid stolen.
Eight men are under arrest. Police
learned that the alchol was stolen in
a twenty gallon barrell and was then
carted to a house and syphoned into
small quantities for peddling pur_
Samuel Smith, a 28 year old Negro,
has admitted, according to police, tha>
he and a white man, not yet identi_
fied, took the alcohol. Police quoted
him as saying that he and his accom_
plish peddled four gallons of it per_
James Witten, 29, and William
Proud 28, were said to have admitted
buying two five gallon cans and six
one.quart bottles which they, ih turn,
distributed. Charles Pryor police said
admitted buying five gallons of the li_
quor selling it to Richard Rousey, one
of the dead men. Four other youths
were under arrest.
WEST INDIAN ON THE CAM
PUS, a brilliant study of the students
from the Carribbean at Howard Uni_
versity by Alfred Edgar Smith, is one
of the feature articles in OPPOR
TUNITY for August.
“Of Jimmy Harris,” the second
story of Miss Marita Bonner's “A
Possible Triad on Black Notes," which
was awarded honorable mention in
the OPPORTUNITY Literary Contest
1933 will arrest the attention even of
the casual reader.
“Mother Emma—The Oldest Amer.
ican Resident in Russia”—is graph
ically presented by I D Talmadge,
long a newspaper correspondent in
the land of the Soviets.
The speech of Professor Broadus
Mitchell of Johns Hopkins Univer_
sity, which provoked so much com
ment at the recent conference on The
Economic Status of the Negro, is
printed in full for the first time in
the current issue of OPPORTUNITY.
And for those who wish a scienti_
fic appraisal of changes in population
and occupations of Negroes there is
an article, POPULATION AND OC
CUPATIONAL TRENDS OF NE.
GROES, by P’ K Whelpton of the
Scripps Foundation for Research in
Population Problems, Miami Univer
sity, Oxford Ohio.
By A. B. Mann
They are everywhere. But they do
not often come to the surface of the
sea of toil, trouble, by which they are
engulfed and in which they are sub_
merged. They toil incessantly. They
work and earn while others spend and
enjoy. They are poorly clad while
others are well clothed. They deny
themselves cultural and recreational
advantages that these may be afford_
ed their loved ones. They do not “go
out in society,” and when the guilds
and- clubs meet at their homes, they
are away, or they are submerged, at
home. And the story of their sacrifices
and self_effacement is pathetic as
well as heroic.
Who are they? Why, they are the
toiling, self.denying fathers of the
world who toil and suffer for their
wives and their children, and who,
like the stokers on a ship, sweat and
toil below, that others might have
pleasure and profit. The thousands of
them are unsung. They are not even
caricatured like “Fathar,” and “old
fool Jiggs” but they are heroes/
nevertheless. Rah! rah! for the sub_
EINTSEIN’S FALSE PHILOSOPHY
By R. A. Adams
(For the Literary Sei*vice Bureau)
I cannot judge the theory of “re.
lativity”, for it is beyond my ken. I
think there are few, if any, who can
understand it. Even Mr Einstein^s
explanations seem nebulous. But I
can and do find fault with his theory
of non_resistance as expressed in a
recent interview. According to the
press report Mr. Einstein's sta.e_
ment was: “Take Germany, for in.
■stance. When the World War was
over and Germany was helpless she
was not attacked.” Then he added,
“So it is with other nations. If they
will not defend themselves they will
not be attacked,” * •.
This is strange language for a
philosopher. First, how coald they
defend themselves unless first they
had been attacked! If he means they
known that they were defenseless and
would not resist aggression, as Ka
avers Germany was, he states a thing
contrary to human experience and
universal human behaviorism. It is
the nature of beats, and ven <rf men.
for the strongr to prey on the weak*E>
And it is quite certain that ‘‘pacifism"
to the extent of unpreparedness will
invite attack rather than obviate it
The contentions of Mr Einstein
are the absolute negation of the the.
ery of the late Theodore Roosevelt
whose contention was that prepare.
ne3s would deter those who might be
inclined to attack. Never, until there
shall come a complete revolution of
human sentiment and a reformation
in human conduct will defenselessness
or non_resisance obviate attack’s.
Strange philosophy, Mr Einstein!
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