The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, October 08, 1903, Page 11, Image 11

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    OCTOBER. 8, 1903.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
11
LICfH ACD RAILROADS
Br. Storm CcbUmbm His DlMMla B
fr4lie thm Dvtlrablllt of CmW
lag th HomJ mmd Traar.pwrt
Editor Independent: We should cut
loose from the oleaginous politicians
of all parties and isms. Platforms are
deceptive mirages or alluring Daus
fabricated to deceive and lead astray.
If we are to save our glorious nation,
l America is to perform her God
gHen mission of enlightening the
world, we must devise new and truer
political methods for recording and
inaugurating the rational desires of
the sovereign voters of our land.
Leaders can betray or be betrayed.
Plans founded upon Divine principle
endure. Hitherto the revolutionary
character of practically all reform
movements, has deterred conservative
voters from rallying to their support.
The natural ultimation of the uni
versal principle of justice, viz: ac
cess upon a basis of equality, can be
applied to the domain of human en
acted law in an evolutionary and con
stitutional manner. Scientifically ap
plied the results will surpass the fond
est dreams of the most advanced and
sanguine reformers.
.Vian was not created to mourn, nor
to civilize other races by destroying,
. enslaving or plundering them. Inaug
, urate economic and political salvation
and we will open the door so that all
humans can strive towards the Divine
life which Christ desired that all
should aspire to.
Whetner constructing an humble
cottage, a palace, a sky-scraper, a ves
sel large or small, a piece of mechan
ism simple or intricate, or conducting
an elementary or exquisitely delicate
chemical experiment, the nrst essential
requisite in order to accomplish true
results, is a well wrought out plan.
This positive constructive method must
be applied to the human law-making
domain before economic and political
salvation will -be achieved.
For years the tendency towards the
centralization oi tne control or our
railroads has been unmistaiable. J. J.
Hill and other merging railroad mag
nates profess to be actuated by the
most tender and touching solicitude for
the welfare of the general public.
If the consolidation of competing
railroad systems ' aggregating many
thousands of miles is to the interest
of the dear public, would not the con
solidation of all our railroad systems
under governmental control be the
most beneficent step of all? Immense
economies in operating expenses could
be effected, the i,one system of passen
ger and freight charges established,
shorter hours for the vast army of em
ployes, in many instances richly de
served increased compensation, the
blacklist and other iniquities abol
ished and in addition hundreds of mil
lions of dollars which atpresent an
nually find their way to private coffers
as interest,' dividends, preferential
rates, etc., would be diverted to the
national treasury. '
.If the point is raised that govern
mental control would convert the vast
army of railroad employes into a po
litical machine, the answer can be
made that the railroad and banking
interests already dominate the law
making and judiciary departments of
our nation. Furthermore the annual
reports of the interstate commerce
commissioners reveal the interesting
fact that for years past the eminent
financiers who control our railroads,
have set at naught the laws of our
land.
Preferential rates and favored treat
ment have been prominent factors in
building up trusis and combines, stif
ling - independent competition and
bringing financial ruin to thousands
engaged in legitimate enterprises. Our
constitution does not provide that
railroad magnates shall fatten upon
tribute levied upon the general pub
He, nor is it therein set forth that
banking interests must control 0"r
Cecal system and accumulate untold
millions through their philanthropic
measures, which are aimed at secur
ing to themselves the title to the
wealth created bv our teeming labor
and service rendering masses.
Upon disinterested investieation of
the provisions of the basic law of our
land, it will be ascertained that "con
gress t shall have power to regulate
commerce with - foreien nations an d
amone the several states, to coin mon
ev and regulate the vl'e tof. to
. establish - postoffices and po'M rods,
and to mal-e all laws which shill be
aecessarv and proper for carrvinfr in
to execution the foregoing powers,"
etc. '
l atent powers of the most imnort
ant character are vested in conere"
the explicit provision of our con
stit"tlon. In another article I will
demonstrate that It is clerlv within
th nowr of conPToss to rec'bte te
. entire apnellate jridIctlon of the (su
preme court. Congress should judic
iously exercise this latent prerogative
and prohibit the supreme court from
questioning . the constitutlqnality of
acts of congress, unless they be as
sailed by a sovereign state of our
In a nrior article I submitted unmis
takable evidence that the natural ul
timation of the principle of justice
namely, access upon a basis of equal
ityis the non-speculative plumb line
of the economic domain. ,If single
taxers, socialists and other economic
reformers fail to question the accur
acy of this development, their silence
can only be interpreted as according
consent. The true course for practi
cal reformers is to bend their energies
to devising practical plans for inaug
urating non-speculative land, money
and transportation systems. Plans
submitted should be open for amend
ment, but by riveting our attention
upon specific plans there will be rap
idly formulated proposed laws which
will, command the assent of a major
ity of the voters. Candidates for pub
lic office will then be pledged to enact
the proposed laws and the people will
regain control of their government.
By combining the money and trans
portation questions judiciously, our
national government can take equit
able title to the railroads and pay for
them without burdening our citizens
with onerous taxation, or loading them
down with enormous bonded indebted
ness. All of our gold, silver and paper
moriey in existence is but a fractional
portion of the volume of money re
quired in the multitudinous monetary
transactions of our nation. It is the
bankers' toast that their own and
other credits form the real circulat
ing medium of the United States of
America.
A credit system is a debt system, for
there cannot be a credit without a
debt
A debt system of finance is a dis
honest system for the borrower is al
most invariably at the mercy of the
lender.
Our government should take posses
sion of all railroads and make equit
able payment for them by Issuing
bonds to the holders of the various
securities, as their interests may ap
pear according to present stock marl et
quotations. All n bonds- issued should
be payable in full legal tender United
States money. Privilege of evolution
ary payments of bonds reserved by
government. The law should direct
that as evolutionary payments of full
legal tender money is made upon the
bonds, that all banking institutions of
every character, national, state, and
local, should be compelled to carry a
larger percentage of full legal tender
United States money in their vaults
as compared with the aggregate of
their deposits, loans and discounts. All
banks failing to carry in their own
vaults the legal reserve required by
law, would be subject to a high tax
upon the excess of credits which they
had issued.
With each evolutionary payment up
on the bonds the percentage of full
legal tender reserves to be carried by
the banks would be evolutionarily in
creased. In this simple, equitable and
constitutional manner full legal ten
der money 'would be substituted for
bank credits. The title to the rail
roads would pass to our government
and generous payment be made to
present holders of all railroad securi
ties.
There would b7 no inflation, merely
the substitution of full legal tender
governmental money for fallacious
bankers credits. If necessary con
g-ess could likewise correct the in
judicious use of credit in mercantile
transactions. This important factor
could be evolutionarily corrected by
enacting "uniform laws on the sub
ject of bankruptcies throughout the
United States." Section 8 of article
1 of our constitution. ' - .
A cash system of doing business is
in every way preferable to a credit
(debt) system. I do not assert that
the roughlv outlined plan submitte
in this article is a final solution of the
monev question. It will, however, rlv
et attention upon the fact that cred
its (debts) play as important (and
een more important) part than the
volume of specie and paper- money.
The enactment of the legislation ree
ommended would solve the transpor
tation question and partiallv solve the
monev and land problems. These
statements will be elucidated in sub-
seoent communications.
In conr-ltieion I wo"ld point out tht
hv substitutive the nomination of cn
didates FDecinYnlly pledged to enat
rtenit. legation, that, the inithtjv
"d referendm svstem of govern ment
will be nrrtieallv inaugurated, wih
requiring enn,Httnnl amend
ment. EDWARD STERN.
Philadelphia, Pa.
partlcnlor attention is called to bar.
-fns in rlnVs offered bv Miller
Tinfi In their nap'fi ad. In this Ivc
Vr( vnr ovrfer trnHv and don't fai
to mention The Independent.
L!r. Kerr Rsjtliss
Our good friend, Charles H. Kerr of
Chicago, takes occasion to reply to
one of The Independent s editorial par-
at)1 apuo.
lYcrf uvues iiis an-
swer is "a fair one" and so far as it
concerns what he has done in the way
of publishing socialist books, that Is
doubtless the case; but The Indepen
dent has reason to believe that a con
siderable portion of the "large stock
of populist booKs," which he was
obliged to sell for waste paper, were
not, in fact, populist books at all. A
good many so-called populist books
were as far from being so, as are
"Christian" and "Utopian" socialist
books from being the real "scientific"
article. Mr. Kerr says:
Editor Independent: On the editor
ial page of your issue of September 17
you ask a question: "The Independent
would like to know where the money
comes from to pay for the publishing
of the scores of reviews, magazines and
hundreds of costly books on socialism
that are being constantly put forth.
Does the 'proletariat' furnish the
funds?"
As I happen to bT in a position to
give the exact information requested,
I trust you will give me an oppor
tunity to answer through the columns
of your paper. It is probably true that
more than half the socialist books is
sued in America during the last four
years have been put out through the
co-operative publishing house of which
I am manager.
-In 1899 I became convinced that the
only possible solution of the social
problem was. through the international
socialist movement, and oui company
at that time made a start in the pub
lication of socialist pamphlets. Our
assets consisted for the most part in a
large stock of populist boo! s, nearly
all of which we were later obliged to
sell for waste paper for the simple rea
son that they could not be sold on any
other basis. The money for publish
ing socialist books has gradually been
raised in small sums, usually jst $10
from each subscriber, in consideration
of an agreement on our part to Fell
socialist boovs at cos; to each one
subscribing: for a share of stock in our
company at $10.
We have now about 700 stockhold
ers who have each taken a share on
this plan, and one hundred of there
are not individuals, but organized
branches of the socialist party. The
money thus received has consequently
come from considerably more than a
thousand different persons, only a few
of whom have contributed more than
$10 each. We have constantly stated
in our announcements that there was
no prospect of any dividend on the
money thus invented, and the rubscrip
tions have therefor been made either
because the subscribers desired to see
more socialist literature published, or
because thev desired the privilege of
buvinsr surh literature at the lowest
possible prices. ,
It is therefore absolutely trie tht
the "proletariat" hs furnished the
funds for the n"blication of the lit
errt"re of scientific socialism, anl I
bel'eve it mv safely be std that thi?
Ii the first instance in which the capi
tal for p'lblbh'ne- nolltical literature
has th'is been raised in America.
T belierve yo'ir nation ws a fair
one. and mv answer is alo cert'ulv a
fir one. I hope vot reader will see
the morl. . CHAS. II. KERR.
Chicago, 111.
SPECIAL MARKET LETTER
FROM NYE,& BUCHANAN CO.. LIVE
STOCK COMMISSION MER
CHANTS. SO. OMAHA.
NEB.
Cattle Three days this week
brought liberal receipts again, there
being 9,000 Wednesday. Market strong
and 10c to 15c higher all around. Mon
day and Tuesday, but weak and 10c
lower ' Wednesday. Feeder buying
brisk, and best feeders steady, also
best beef steers steady.
We quote choice corn-fed steers at
$5.25 to $5.65, fair to good $4.75 to
$5.20, heavy western beef steers $3.75
to $4.15. Choice high grade three-ye?r
olds, heavy, $3.50 to $3.85; medium
weight, high grade, $3.15 to $3.50;
common down to $2.15. Cow stuff
still low, but about a dime higher this
week. Best $2.5u to $2.80, stock heif
ers $2.00 to $2.60, canners $1.25 to
$1.50. Steer calves $3.00 to $4.00; vel
$3.00 to $5.00; grass bulls $2.00 to $2.75.
Sheep Receipts very liberal, but the
market Is about steady with last
week's close, but slow.
. Killers. Feeders.
Iambs $4.50-$4.75 $4.25-$O0
Common 3.25- 4.00
Yearlings 3.65t 3.90. 3.45- 3.60
Wethers 3.20- 3.40 3.20- 3.10
Ewes 2.40- 2.70 . 2.10- 2.40
Hoes Receipts continue light. Mar
Vet 20c lower. Range $5.35 to $5.65.
- Patronize our advertisers. . . -
Locaiicn Wanted
A thoroughly competent blacksmith,
12 vftarR1 exr?rieiice desires to find &
suitable location for a general black
smith shop. Would buy a shop al
ready established if price and loca
tion are satisfactory. For particulars
address Blacksmith, care The Inde
pendent, Lincoln, Neb.
Hnrc T. Hlbp Attorney
NOTICE TO NON-RESIDENT DEFENDANTS
George E. Wlltamuth Plaintiff vs. Jnmes M. Ir
win et al de endants to James M. Irwin and
Phoebe M. Weir non-resident de'endants.
You and each of yon are hereby notified that ,
on the Vlst day of September lD03,Oeorge E. W'il
tamuih aspiaitift, begun action against you and
other defendants in the district court oi Lancas
ter county, Nebraska, the oblect and prayer of
which is to foreclose a certain mechanic's lean "
on the following land and building thereon in
paid county, to wit: Lot number ten (10) in
block number ninety-eight () o the original 4
plat to the city ol Lincoln, Lancaster county,
lier.
To secure the payment of plumbing supplies,
skill and labor tarnished tor said lot and build- .
lug located thereon to the amount of in
terest and costs.
Plai miff prays for a decree of foreclosure and
sale of said land and the application ol the pro- ;
cecds of said sale to the satisfaction of said lien
and tor general relief. ,
You are required to answer plaintiff's petition
on or beiore the i6th day ot November, i!H!5.
(JtORGk. E. WLLTAMUTH.
Plaintiff.
By Horace F. Bishop, his Attorney.
The-Independent would like to call
the attention of the distinguished law
ers who made such eloquent speeches
ai the Grand Island convention against
indorsing the Denver conference to the
way the -word ."affiliate" is u l n
the high class dailies of the city of
Boston and in the columns of the
Springfield Republican, which also
prides itself upon the "culture" of its
editorial writers. In discussing the
recent primary law where a man has
to publiclv declare with what party
he "affiliates." The following sen
tences occur: "Judge Richardson used
to participate in the republican cau
cus of his Boston precinct, and thus
made known his party affiliations."
"The new law is less rigid than the old
in regard to a change of political af
filiation." "In the matter of declar
ing one's party affiliation at the pri
mary, the new law differs from the
old only in form," etc. The culturrd
editorial writers of the Boston and
Springfield (Mass.) dailies seem to b
lieve that the word "affiliate" means
just what the editors of The Indepen
dent thought it did.
The Independent desires its readers
to take advantage of the bargain in
groceries offered by Branch & Miller '
Co. in their ad. in this issue. If the
goods are not entirely satisfactory and
your money return the goods and get .
your money back. Favor The Inde- '
pendent by sending them an order to
day, and do not fail to tell them
where you saw the ad.
Thre is no more contemptible thing
on earth than one of these modern
plutociatic judges. When the wage
rorkers are concerned, they will is
sue injunctions by the wholesale, and
then when the plutocrats enter the
f.ourts with armed soldiers they will
bit andhear cases with bayonets
pltcming in their faces. That is what
that Colorado judge submitted to.
There cund a Call
(Tune Die Wacht am Rhein.)
There sounds a call from land to land,
Ye workers all united stand;
"You've nothing but your chains to
lose,
. The world to gain," if you so choose, ;
(Ref.:)
So then unite, ye workers strong;
To claim your own and right; and
right all wrong.
A hundred thousand bosoms swell
Their voices ring clear as a bell
"Ye workers of all lands unite,
Reclaim your lost God-given right."
(Ref.:) So then unite, etc.
Though your oppressors whine and
squirm, ,
It is your duty to stand nrm;
Yield not the least to them I pray,
Or you'll be sure to lose the day.
(Ref.:) But do unite, etc.
"No compromise" our motto be,
For it alone can set us free;
And freedom i what we demand
For each and all in every land.
4
(Ref.:) So then unite, etc.
The working class must . organize
It can do nothine otherwise
t It. must direct the battle's course,
And guide its concentrated force.
(Ref.:) So then unite, etc.
A. I A. SCHIERMEYEB,
Lincoln, Neb.