The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, July 09, 1903, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
JULY 9, 1903.
The Philosophy of Freedom
An Open Forum for Single Taxeri
- "From a casual reading of my . work
the free thinkers realize that I am not
an orthodox, and call metheir- own;
while on the other hand the religious
orthodox take me in the spirit rather
than the letter, and they write en
couragingly, especially sweet old la
dies. : Then of course there are the
-single Lax people, who own me, tor
"im fur toiugie tfti. ueuH uuu
Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
: OVERTAXED FARMERS.
A Editor Independent: There is prob
acy no greater objection to the single
tax than the belief that it would fall
heavily on the already "overtaxed far-
"mers." At the same time some of t
most sincere and intelligent single
taxers are farmers; still that does not
prove that the single tax is either
.right or wrong. Even although there
. may be ten honest, sincere and intel
ligcnt people opposed to the. siagle
tax for every one in favor of if that
toes not prove the question. ' :
The farmer produces the raw ma-
:t?rUl, and in some instances the fin
ished article for our food, clothing and
shelter, and the Old Testament tells us
that "Even the king is supported from
the land" and while the question of
taxation was being discussed in the
New Testament time a decision was
given to "Render to Caesar the things
that are Caesar's, and to God the
things that are God's." ,Tne king and
r Caesar in our time is recognized as
; government, and society acknowledges
that governmental servants are as
worthy of, their hire as others, are.
. .Where there i3 no government or bad
"government the avaricious owners as
'! much as the most industriaus. v; Where
; there, is no government land has no
selling or rental value. And where
there is bad government the tendency
: is for the producer to produce and
' have nothing, and the non-producer to
have without producing. Through bad
government the producer is frequent
I ly relieved of the product of hi? labor
J either: directly or indirectly through
!1 unjust taxation. Where there is good
' government, but very little goverri
f mental exercises required, land has
J very little seling or rental value, which
districts, in such districts government
has given little value and should re
i ceive very little tribute In taxes either
local, state or nation. - Take on the
s other hand a large city where govern
; mental operations are in evidence at
1 every move you make, here govern-
ment has given great value to land by
i public improvements; one square inch
. of land in the center of the city will
v bring as high a price in the market
as a whole acre of good agricultural
' land ,In many counties in the United
States so that if the single tax pro
i posed to tax land hy the acre, it would
t ccme severe on the farmer, but as it
v proposes to tax land values instead of
lsnd it is evident that the revenue un-
der the single tax would be drawn
v largely from cities and justly so," be-
cause it is land that government gives
v value to and not buildings or stocks.
; It is not Infrequently that a farmer
has three or four times as much mon
ey invested in buildings, stock and
; improvements on land as he has in
lsnd, whereas city property tends in
the opposite direction, and having to
5 a much larger extent received its val
tie from government, it should; pay a
. proportionately larger share of the
? taxes, including state and national.
: V ANDREW HATTAN.
. Schenectady, N. Y. j
. ... ; --, ,: j i
Literature explaining the single tax
idea mailed free on 'request. Address
' F. II. Monroe, president Henrr George
association, 356 Dearborn st,- Chicago.
lewing, "the people will continue the
vicious in power."
What I said was, "The vicious will
hold most of the offices in the future
just as they have in the past."
The people, i. e., democrats and pop
ulists, do not Intend to elect the vic
ious to office, but that does not say
that (be vicious will not seek- the
cfSccand bs elected." ' '--'' '"'S-' t
Isn't it funny that while Mr. Bailey
bit me so bard all along, that he for
got to tell us what unimproved value
is? ; E. W. FERGUSON, Jr. ;
. Ilartington, Neb. ' r
FERGUSON'S REJOINDER.
- Editor Independent: The marked
ccpy containing Mr. Bailey's articla
reached me today.
I wish he would read Progress and
Poverty and find out what Henry
, George says the "law of rent" is.
Henry George indorses Mill and Ri
cardo, but does not say anything about
seven-tenths of the land being unoc-
y cupied. Does not Mr. Bailey under
stand that I said, If you confiscate rent,
i. e., rent as defined by George, our
condition would be worse than cot
tiers or metayers? They were sup
posed to have enough left tbem for a
living. Yet I know men th.it farmed
hind to poor that they could not get a
living from it
To my mind money and transporta
tion are of as much Importance as is
. land.
I am sorry he misrepresented me; I
am bad enough - without that He
placed in quotation marks the fol-
WAKE FIELD SURPRISED. ..
Editor; Independent: I have read
with much' surprise and some indig
nation your two editorials in The In
dependent of 11th inst on "The Sin
gle Tax," in which you assume that
single taxers are either opposed or in
different to public ownership of all
public utilities, . including railroads,
and differ from populists and demo
crats (Kansas City platform) on the
money question. Such misrepresen
tation is expected from plutocratic
journals, but not from those profess
ing reform tendencies.
Nothing is nor can be better known
than that the philosophy of freedom
(single tax) aims at the elimination of
every , possible fonri of special priv
ilege or private monopoly, whether
in land, taxation, transportation, mon
ey, street railways, water and ..light
ing plants,- or otherwise.
, Surely, you read the. special edition
on our last national platform to little
purpose, or any of our standard books,
to receive such an Impression. ':::
, The fundamental principle of the
single tax economy Is "No public bus
iness nor functions in private control:
no private business in government
control."
While the single tax includes aboli
tion of land monopoly, it does not ex
clude abolition of all other forms of
monopoly, but distinctly demands it
We lay most stress upon land and
taxation for the reason that nearly all
other monopolies will instantly dis
appear when their base In these two
fundamental wrongs is knocked from
under them, and because until it is, all
other methods of -curbing monopoly
are utterly vain and worthless.
While we demand public ownership
and operation of all public utflities,
we believe this can best be secured
roost quickly and cheaply by treating
all rights of way (franchises) as a land
value, taking in taxation all earnings
above operating expenses, current in
terest, repairs, etc., on actual plants,
or tangible personal property (prod
ucts of labor) which would squeeze out
every drop of water, leaving only act
ual property to be purchased.
I 'will treat the money question In a
separate article.
W. H. T.. WAKEFIELD.
Mound City, Kas.
(Certain it is that neither of the
editors had any thought of misrepre
senting either the single tax or single
taxers, and, with the knowledge of
honestly trying to see the light (or
"the cat," whichever it is), the edi
tors have no honeyed phrases to ma!e
on account of : any Indignant sub
scriber. ,.
Doubtless Mr. Wakefield is better
acquainted with the single taxers of
the world than either of the editors,
but they certainly know single taxers
who, holding to a strict construction
of the philosophy, are opposed to the
public operating a railroad through
government, or owning any part of a
railroad further than, to take tbe full
rentai value of the right of way. They
would construe the operation of a
railroad as coming within the inhi
bition "no private business in gov
ernment control." Some of them
would favor a public roadbed and
lease it to private companies formed
for the purpose of operating railroads.
So long as men must pay this
"economic rent" only by converting
man-made goods or human energy in
to coined money, and then turning the
coined money over to the taxing pow
er, the editors believe the money
question paramount until settled on a
scientific basi3. Talcing economic rent
will not abolish the monopoly pos
sessed by the national bankers and
fold bullion gamblers.
Mr. Wakefield's plan of squeezing
the water out of railroad values is
feasable, doubtless, but what equity is
there in taking "economic rent" from
the farmer and allowing him all he
can make as wages. and interest on his
capital invested ,in , Improvements,
while a different rule is followed for
he railroads? Necessarily, under Mr.
Wakefield's statement, an arbitrary
rate of interest would be fixed upon
in calculating "current interest" and
the toad would be rent free until that
rate was satisfied. How would that
seem to the farmer wb was hailed
out or the victim of hot winds, when
lie discovered that it would take all
his surplus over a bare existence to
pay his "economic rent," or, perhaps,
he might have to borrow of the money-mongers?
Associate Editor.)
Co-operative Lsnd Buying
Land speculators, have long since
learned that they can buy land for less
dollars per acre when taken in large
bodies; farmers and home-seekers are
Just beginning to find this out In the
last few weeks several parties of land
buyers from Iowa have gone together
and bought large tracts along the Re
publican river; when a contract was
made for the purchase of the land,
they divided it up to suit themselves
and had deeds made accordingly.
The following tracts offer an excel
lent opportunity for several home
seekers to go together and buy either
of these tracts, or all of them. It will
enable them to get some good land
very cheap. -
The first is a tract of 2,115 acres,
nearly all fenced; 1,050 acres under
high state of cultivation, 1,100 acres of
very best alfalfa land; some timber;
the Republican river runs through this
land; 4 wells and wind mills', tanks,
cisterns, etc. Three sets of improve
ments; two miles from McCook. Much
of this is good hay land. Price, $18
per acre. This piece is known as
No. 1026. ' '
Another track of -1750 acres deeded
land ' and 640 acres of schoo land
leased; 1.400 acres of alfalfa land
some now growing; 400 acres in cul
tivation; nearly all fenced; good im
provements; 600 acres of good hay
land, now ready to mow. This ranch
Is in the Republican valley, 15 miles
from McCook and between two rail
road stations. Price complete $19,000.
This is No. 1027.
Alo an 800-acre tract, , nearly all j
fenced; 700 acres alfalfa and sugar j
beet land; 200 acres cultivated; nice I
grove, plenty of hay land. This would .
make two or more splendid farms; '
two sets of improvements; two and- a
half miles from town. Price, $9,500.
This is No. 1028.
; It should be remembered that the
sugar-beet factories at Grand Island,
Ames and Norfolk last year made
thorough tests of that soil for sugar
beet raising, which proved successful.
There Is a laree acreage of sugar
beets in Red Willow county thi3 year
and the prospects are bright for a su
gar beet factory at McCook in the
rear future. This together with the
alfalfa industry insures a brieht fu
ture for Red Willow and surrounding
counties; and values are sure to dou
ble fn a few years.
- Fcr full - information regarding . the .
above land of any ether land alons
the Republican river write to Weber
& Farris, Lincoln, Neb.
The principal reason why the sin
gle tax has not long since been much
more widely understood and adopted
is that it has not been brought to the
front sufficiently. Agitation of any ,
sort is what is wanted. There never
need be any fear from misrepresenta
tion. Error cannot long stand in the
light of truth. No matter what sort of
nsme3 s re called. No matter who m?
misrepresent " If the single tax Is
talked about su iciently it is certain
to grow. When things are -aid which
are not true there are always those
who will look into the subject and
the truth will be brought to the light
Cleveland (O.) Recorder.
Three, million houseless, homeless,
hopeless tramps in America under 30
years of the highest protection in our
history.
Read "Progress and Poverty," the
greatest book on political economy
ever published. Reads like a romance.
God gave the earth to all the people,
and not to some of them. The priv
ileges should be for all of them, and
not bartered off to some of them.
That, gentlemen constitutes my po
litical economy, my politics, . and (I
say it reverently) my religion. And It
is, I. believer the religion that Christ
taught the people many years age
Tom Johnson. ; ; " '
Independent School ofolitical Economy
ANOTHER DONATION.
Editor Independent: Please enroll
my name as a member of the' Indepen
dent School of Political Economy. En
closed find stamp, for which send me
"The Open Door," by Laurie J.
Quinby. s
The books that I rent of The Direc
tor you may consider sold if I like
the book for a reference book.
I am going to donate to the school
Henry George's "Land and Labor
Question.
If every paper of any account would
establish a school of economics the re
Dublican party would go like a snow
bank In a hot day in August.
IRL DEAN.
Marion, la.
summer work. I shall do nothing else
except keep up the war to reform the
House of Refuge." t
HISTORY OF MONETARY SYS
TEMS. '
Editor Independent: Enclosed
nlpase find draft for balance of ac
count, which we trust you will find
correct and for which please send us
an ncknrvledsement We have re
ceived instructions from Mr. Del Mar,
who is now on his yachting trip, to
cren the fall campaign with as, large,
an ad. in The Independent as the sale
oc the book will permit. Hp alro re
cmested us to ask you if you had a
copy of his "History of Monetary Sys
tems" and if you would like to review
it in the columns of Tha liidepen'ir.t
CAMBRIDGE ENCYCLOPEDIA CO.'
f- Box 160 M. S., New York.
(We have not had Mr. uei Mar s
"History of Monetary Systems," but
would gladly review it. Several of the
"s6hool" desire to read it. The. Director.)
WEALTH - OF; "NATIONS.
. Director I. S. P. E.: In glancing
over , The Independent "of May 26 the
second . time I find . your, offer tc .dis
tribute argument for referendum and
initiative and imperative mandate by
Quinby for postage, please forward me
a copy unless' all are gone. -
A member of the "schocl, I have
forgotten the name and cannot find
the paper, made inquiry concerning
Smith's "Wealth of Nations." I can
give the address of a person who can
furnish it or you may publish it if
you like: Mr. H. H. Timby, Conneaut,
O.; price, $1.75; 1 vol.; or best Eng
lish edition, 2d hand, 2 vols., 88 pp.,
$3.50. E. W. FERGUSON, Jr.
Hartington, Neb.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT THE CITI
ZEN. Jacob A. Riis, who has been called
by President Roosevelt "New York's
most useful citizen," is very busy just
now in getting tocether material for
W book, "Theodore Roosevelt the
Citizen," which is to be brought out
by The Outlook company. To a friend
who recently asved for information
concerning the work. Mr. Riis wrote:
"What can I say , about the Roopp
velt material, except that, it will
Mth Mr. Roosevelt fts a ciHzen, n.-l
a friend from the standpoint of a
friend? I am busy gathering the rv?.
teriaj now. but it is not eay. br.m?,?
of the people I want to reach being
cr.t.tered here and there. However. I
shall get what I want . It will be my
ELY'S OUTLINES.
Director I. S. P. E.: Find enclosed
P. O. M. O. for $1.25 for which please
send me Outlines of Economics, by
Prof. R. T. Ely, which you recom
mend in The Independent of May 21.
I would like to keep the book, as it
takes me a good while to read such
works. I can't rush them through like
a novel, and after a day's work a man
goes to sleep over them in the even
ing, so that Sunday really affords the
only leisure to devote to them.
I got Mill's Political Economy from
the library not long since, and al
though I found it most interesting, I
was not a quarter through it when the
fortnight allowed was up, and I had
to return the volumes, but intend to
get them again In trie winter when the
evenings are longer, and labor not so
rressing, so I would like to have the
"Outlines" as my own property. thn
I can read them over two or thre
times, and thereby, as it were, estab
lish pigeon holes In my head. In whlcV
to prorerlv arrange subsequent ac
ouWtiOTis in the same line. Am 63
yeir? n?d ard have done considerable
rfoitrry reading, Herbert. Sneuoer,
n"""!n, Huxley, Tyndll. Lubbuck,
TivcV.le. Draper. Carlyle. Emerson, etc.,
'nsrether with the general run of the
i.nttPr clsv of Actios, but I'll stop: I
p I'm getting garrulous men of mv
oo-p ?re arit to have that failing and I
know newspaper men have no time
to spare. JOHN D. EDWARDS,
Baden Station, St Louis, Mo.