The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, June 18, 1903, Page 4, Image 4
4 THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT JUNE 18, 1903. CIVILIZATION 1tta Goverament's Eternal rlTr Aboat CItIIUIbs; sad EdecatlBg lit "SabjeeU" ) Kadi la Groans aad Savage Yelle Some time ago a gentleman residing In Boston, Mass., requested the editor of The Independent to publish one of the speeches delivered by Bright Eyes in that city, in 1879, because most of them bore so powerfully upon the present course of the government in the Philippines. He said: "The prin ciples upon which Bright Eyes mad3 her contest for her race are the ver same Involved in the holding of the rilipinos as subjects. She won, and I only hope that some Filipino may come to this country who can speak with the same force and power for the people of the islands of the south ern seas that she exhibited in the de fense of her race. -The foundation of all her pleas was law, the constitutioi and the Declaration of Independence." In searching through one of ha" portfolios for an address the follow ing i speech, which was delivered in Tremont Temple, Boston, was ac ;i dentally found. It is in her hand writing. ; It was entitled, "Civiliza tion." "What is civilization? Is It so much the end of life that human be ings who have hearts and minds and souls are to be slaughtered? Is it civilization to coop them up on re serves, place them under the power of one ' man, refuse j them a market for -their produce, compel them by law to buy and sell to only one man and for bid them intercourse with the outsida world? Is it civilizing them to refuse the protection of the constitution and the law when they are robbed, starved and murdered and then when the rebel, exterminate them? The gov ernment speaks of the Indians as sav ages. It must then follow that the government is civilized. Is it civil' zation for a powerful government rep resenting forty millions of people to force from their homes at the point of the bayonet a tribe of seven hun tired unarmed people? Then I had rather be a savage. "A government officer says: 'The Poncas are good Indians. In mental endowment, moral character, physical strength and cleanliness of person, Jthey are superior to any tribe I ever met' Is it the civilization of the nineteenth century that when the Cheyennes, cooped up on a barren reservation and were starving, re sorted to the rifle to maintain theii right to live as any other human be ings, ; were exterminated, and when the Ponca tribe resorted to the courts and the constitution for justice, they were told that they could not appear in court or Lave any one appear for them? "Because the Indians had intelli gence enough to cry out and even , fight against a system that was mak ing slaves of them, (I forgot, I should have said civilizing them), the cry has arisen: 'Exterminate them.' 'The only good Indian is a dead Ind ian. For every idle word that men shall speak they shall give - an . ac count thereof in the day of judgment. "The question has narrowed down to this alternative. Either external . nate the Indian or give him the pro tection of the constitution and the law. Even though we were below the level of brutes you would have no right to exterminate us. We have souls that belong to Gdd our Creator, and you have no right to take our lives as you hava been doing for the last hundred years, by following the policy which you say is for the pur pose of 'civilizing' us. "You say that the Indian is not In telligent or educated enough to have the law and the constitution placed over him. I should rather sav that that was the very reason that he should have the protection of the con stitution and the law. I should tMn'c that If we have had ability enough to hold our own against a powerful gov ernment for 100 years, if we have had brains enough to learn that your 'civ ilizing' system was making slaves of our people and to fight against It. if we had intelligence enough to make treaties and were honorable in keep Ing them, then we certainly have ca . pacity enough to claim our rights un der that constitution and the law an1 by the law defend them. "The commission authorized by act of congress. .Tnlv 20, composed of Generals .Sherman, Harney, Terry, Augur and four eminent civilians, re ported to congress in these words: " 'It Is said our wars with them (the .- Indians) have bee- almost constant Have we been uniformly unjust? We answer unhesitatingly, Yes.' "General Harney himself said before a congressional committee: 'I have never known an Indian tribe to be the first to breafc a treaty and I nave never known the government, to ( keep one If civilization consists in mak lng solemn treaties and breakins them, if the civilization of the govern ment consists in making Its army hold the arm sof a weak people while its civilians rob them, then I had rather be honorabla than civilized. I had rather be brave and die fighting. I think It Is cowardice in a powerful government to refuse the protection of the constitution and the law to the last helpless race to whom it is deniel The present policy with its eternal palaver about 'civilizing' and 'educat ing' has resulted only, in groans and savage yells for revenge. Many Inno cent ones, both white and red, have been placed in bloody graves. For many years the cry of . the helpless, 'savage' if you will, has gone up un heeded by all but his Maker. "God help us all to bear with each other, for what are we that we should spend our lives in conflict with each other." ' ' - - ' .. -:' The reason why this speech is al most as applicable to the Filipino pro blem as it was to the Indian problem, when this Indian girl delivered it in Boston 24 years ago, is because truth is eternal and never dies. A little while ago Bright Eyes re marked: "It is impossible that you can sympathize with the Filipinos as I do. I have lived under a despotic government under an Indian agent whose word was law and 1 know a3 you cannot, what it is to long to be free. Because the Indian agent might be a kind man, did not repress that longing." A TEXAS VIEW Mr. McCnlston llelleves All Chairmen and Committor Should be Ignored and a Signed Call Made. Editor Independent: When you called on the people's party national committee for their views, I hoped to see quick responses and harmonious views; but, instead few responses at I great variance. I now believe the only hope of a populist revival is for a signed call by the voters for a convention at a cen tral point; then and there ignore old chairman and committeemen and or ganize for the future (along old lines) where fusionist and anti-fusionist can take each other by the hand as broth ers standing around the grave of fu sion, plant thoreon the white rose of peace with a united prayer that it shall bloom perpetually and forever. I fail to see anything practical in socialism or. equity in the single tax. I believe a great many t)f the leaders of both old parties have secretly licked at the same lick log since 1S76. I be lieve the salt for 1896 was the ziost delicious. These Judases planned the defeat of Hon. W. J. Bryan and put populism in the background, where it awaits a call to arms. Until that call Is made, leave me off of The In dependent's list or until some of the papers I now have is out; my purs and eyesight is taxed too heavy at present I have no criticism for the paper. Neither do I write for publi cation. Permit me to drop one idea here: instead of a single land tax on land, why not have a graduated land tax very light on the first 100 acres and increase on each succeeding; 100? H. M. McCUISTION. Paris, Tex. Convenient Stock Farm One thousand acres, all bottom land, fenced and cross fenced with tlnve and four wires; 200 acres under culti vation; 100 acres in alfalfa which produces over 400 tons of hay per year; 3 groves that furnish an. abund ance ot shade, shelter, fence posts and wood. Frame house story and half 18x26, frame barn 24x28x18, cattle shed 50x50, hog pens, chicken houses, granaries, corralls, etc. This land lays' on the Republican river; ths deepest depth to sheet water anywhere on the farm is 28 feet. Two wells and wind mills to supply water back from the river. This is nearly all good alfalfa and sugar beet land and U only 4 miles from a good railroad town. Price $12.50 per acre. With a reasonable cash pr.ym.ent time will h'J given to suit on the balance. This is certainly a snap. It is only a matter of a few years till this choice bottom land will sell for $50 per acre. For sale by Weber & Farris, Lincoln, Ne. The Lincoln Postofffce ,. .... "X ' of : Omaha makes the best lice and mite killer; the easiest to use; the most certain in results LEE'S LICE KILLER. A liquid; simply spray or sprinkle', it on the roosts for poultry it does the rest. No handling of fowls, no labor or bother. Sold by 10,000 dealers at 35 cents per qt., $1 per gaL Don't economize a few cents on lice killer and lose valuable fowls. Send for free catalog of poultry and stock supplies, poultry calendar and egg record, list of 3O0O agencies, and special $2.00 free offer to points where we have no agent. , CEO. H. LEE CO., Omaha, Neb. Passenger Service Exclusively pSluSKot mdSA0ru STEAMSHIP For". Seeking Health in the balmy For tba Btuiness Man to build no his snaitered nrves. Three sailings each week between Chicago, Frankfert, Charlevoix, Petoskey, Harbor 5prings and Mackinac Island, connecting for Detroit, Kuttalo, etc. Booklet free. JOS. BEROLZHEIM, Q. P. A., Chicago. , A J ANrrvVlT 8 ALWAYS ON TIME. -4xa BOSTON ANf EETUEN $35.1 5 With a Long Limit. N. E. A. at Boston, Mass. . Tickets on Sale June 30th to July 4th. Return limit can be extended to Sept. 1st, 1903. GALL AND GET FULL INFORMATION City Ticket Office Cor. 10th and O Streets Telephone No.' 235. Burlington Depot 7th St., bet. P and Q Tel. Burlington 1290 J. W. Wolfe, R. F. D. 1, Eagle Lake, Minn. : I would like to understand the single tax doctrine better than I do. You preach a good doctrine and I hope you will make many converts and put a good, honest, conscientious man in for president next year one that will care ; more for the welfare and happiness of the people than he does for money and his own pleasure. WHAT IT HAS COST Postmaster Sizer has sent out a comparative statement of the business done at the Lincoln, Neb., postoffica for the month of May, 1903, as com pared with the corresponding month last year. The total postal receipts for this May show an j increase of 8 per cent Special subscription rate to single taxers, 5 months 25c The Lives of 4,154 American Citizens and $190,326,580 Ilasides Xhaiisaads of Deceased and Wounded We think that it is time for the American people to begin to count the cost of their little experiment in the direction, of imperialism. The so called insurrection in the Philippines began February 4, 1899. Between that date and April 30, 1902, when the in surrection was practically at an end, 69 of our officers and 936 of our en listed men had been killed, or had died of wounds received 'in battle. Of the officers 47, and of the enlisted men 2,535 had died of disease, and, includ ing deaths from accident, murder, drowning, etc., we had lost 139 offi cers and 4,016 enlisted men. There were 190 officers and 2,707 enlistel men wounded. Thus the total cas ualties directly traceable to the war were, up to April, 1902, 329 officers and 6,728 enlisted men. Many have been killed and wounded since April of last year. We have been fighting with the Moros, ladronism still continues, and, above all, the deadly climate is still ruining the lives of our soldier. We make no argument now, but simply call attention to one factor of the problem which the president and those who agree with him seem prone to push into the background. It is al ways well .to look at both sides of the question. Possibly in this connection we may be permitted to mention the fact that thousands of Filipinos have lost their lives either in battle or by disease and starvation consequent on the war. Nor should it be forgotten that we paid Spain $20,000,000 for the islands, and that the war up to April, 1902, had cost this nation $170,326,583 in gold. In other words, we have pai dmore than 7,000 lives of bravo Americans, over $200,000,000 in money, and thousands of ' Filipino lives on account of our experiment in the Philippines. - . . As we say, we make no argument Our only purpose is to give the people the facts that are necessary to th3 formation of a sound opinion on this important question. All we ask Is that sensible men should think of what the Philippine experience has cost us ia piecious lives an din money. Surely; human life is worth something. Even in these prosperous times money la not so easy to get that men can af ford to throw it away. Yet the presi dent talks as though there were noth ing in this question except the estab lishment of American sovereignty ia the Philippines and other distant re gionsfor he says we belorfg to the expanding nations and never say one word about tLe dreadful cost.--Indianapolis News. W. M. Morning, Atty., Rooms 310-312, Richards Block. NOTICE OF SUIT, In the District Court of Lancaster County, Nebraska. Olivor P. Csrter, Plaintiff, vs. Martha Carter, Defendant, tp Martha Car ter, Nonresident Defendant. You arc hereby notified that your husband, Olirer P. Carter, has commenced an action against you in the District Court of Lancaster County, Nebraska, to obtain an absolute di vorce from you oa the gropnd of wilful deser tion and abandonment on your part for mora than two years last past, and also to obtain tha custody of your daughter Ina H. Carter. You are required to answer plaintiff's petition in. said action on or before tha 20th day of July, 1903, or the allegations thereof will be taken as true and decrees rendered accordingly. OLIVER P. CARTER. Plaintiff, By W. M. Morning. His Alty. 8. B. Hams Attorney. NOTICE TO DEFENDANT. To William C. Israel, non-resident, defen dant: You are hereby notified that on Juna 10th 1903 Martha A. Israel as plaintiff filed a petition against you in the office of the clerk of the district court of Lancaster connty Nebraska, the object and prayer of said petition being to obtain a divorce from you on the ground that you had been wilfully absent from plaintiif without just cause formore than two years im mediately last past and that you have been guilty of wilful and utter desertion of plaintiff for more than two years immediately last past. You are required to answer said petition oa or before Monday July 27tb, 1903. Dated June 8th 1903. MARTHA A. ISRAEL. Plaintiff. I. H. Hatfield Attorney. NOTICE Notice is hereby given that the undersigned have formed a corporation under the laws of tha state of Nebraska under the style of Pointa Coupee Plantation Company, having its princi pal place of business at Lincoln, Nebraska, with, a capital stock of $35,000, of which $7,000 shall be paid in before the beginning of basinet. Said corporation has power to buy and sell real estate, merchandise, lumber; own and operate, factories, cotton gins, and saw mills, and such railroads, and tramways with their equipment as may be necessary to operate the same; to borrow money and mortgage real estate to se cure the payment thereof. Said corporation began business on March 28, 1903 and shall con tinue for 50 years; its highest amount of indebt edness shall not exceed two-thirds of its capital stock ; and its affairs shall be managed by a board of seven directors. C S. Allen, I. H. Hatfield, John Carr, Will Owen Jones, Paul F Clark, J. H. Humpe, H. a Eddy. The class struggle see Karl Mars Edition, July. 23, 1903.