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About The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907 | View Entire Issue (June 18, 1903)
JUNE 18, 1903.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT"
THE FUNDAMENTAL QUKSTION
One thing more tLan any other,
shows that the top of t :e boom which
began with the law authorizing the
coinage of the silver seignorage," the
increased output of gold and the in
" crease in the national bank circulation
has been reached, is the sudden res
olution of the managers of several of
the large railroad systems to stop
ell further extensions and betterments
rntil the cost of labor and the price
of material is largely reduced. Such
orders will curtail purchases of iron
and steel and many hundreds of var
ious commodities and reduce the de
mand for common and skilled labor to
a very grea extent That will react
upon the sales of a vast amount of
manufactured goods and lessen the de
mand for labor in those lines. When
the downward movement begins after
a boom, no man in the past has ever
been able to predict where it wou!
The whole world has been sub.iec
to these disasters ever since commerce
became a factor in the life'e. man
kind. The foundation of it all is the
money question. The fact that panics
occur with never-ending regularity no
one denies. There is a rise in prices
and everybody gets to work. Then
one after another of the different lines
- manufacturing finds that the cost
of raw materials and labor has be
come so great that it must suspen
iroduction until there is a fall The
suspension of work cuts off the means
of living of those engaged in it, thev
cease being purchasers of the products
of other manufacturing plants, and so
it goes until the bottom is reached and
all the surplus saved up in better
times has been consumed, and the old
and bitter experience is all, gone
through with again.
Whatever injustice and wrong the
common people suffer from trusts, pri
vate ownership of railroads and tele
graphs and exorbitant tariffs, the mon
ey question is always the great funda
iccntal question of all. Stable prices
would prevent these ever recurring de
pressions and booms. As prices rise
and fall according to the increase and
decrease in the volume of money in
circulation, they never can become
stable as long as a single set of mines
. i relied upon to furnish that volume
That ?s not to deny that from psychol
ogical reasons affecting the conduct o
men, that prices go .way above and
fall far below what the volume of
rroney would justify in times of boom?
and in times of depression. If prices
were kept stable for a considerable
time, the want of confidence and the
hepe of suddenly accumulating for
tunes would not sweep over the coun
try at stated intervals. -
In a private letter to the editor of
The- Independent, Senator Allen says
"I have never lost faith in the pop
ulist party and its ultimate triumph.
I believe that the republican party
as now organized will disintegrate and
be destroyed and that a .people's party
Will be ultimately enthroned in pov
ei. The populist party should be
speedily revived in every state and
territory and prompt steps should be
taken to have an organization well in
hand for the national campaign next
year." To all that, The Independent
gives a hearty approval.
Dr. Edward Aveling in "The Stu
dents' Marx," an introduction to the
great socialist's monumental worl.
"Das Kapital," thus defines a com
"A commodity (1) Is an external ob
ject; (2) satisfies human wants; (3)
has human labor embodied in it; (4)
is not consumed, by the producer, but
by some other person." (p. 1.)
Now, the question arises, To whom
is a commodity an "external object"-
the producer thereof or the consumer?
This because .
"Still seeking the origin of surplus
value, it Is not in the money itself. . .
The change cannot be in the value of
the commodity, since equivalents are
exchanged. . .'. The change takes place
in the use-value of the commodity, thai
is, the consumption of the commodity.
"A commodity has therefore to bo
found, whose use-value has the prop
erty of being a source of value, whose
consumption creates value. The com
irodity is labor-power.
"The free laborer . . . must there
fore be obliged to sell his only com
moditylabor power." (p. 38, 39.)
Is the laborer's labor-power an "ob
ject" "external" to himself? If not,
how can it be "his only commodity?"
Aveling points out three kinds of
value value, "the amount of abstract
human labor embodied" in a commod
ity; use-value, something "intrinsic to
. . . commodities," forming "the basis
of commerce, the substance of wealth'
and "the material depositories of the
third kind of value exchange-value;"
and the latter he calls "the ratio in
vfcich use-values exchange." - And
sums up by saying that "a commodity
contains use-value and value, even J.
it stands alone. Its exchange-value
can only appear when it is brought in
relation with some other commodity."
Now, if exchange-value is "the ratio
lu which use-values exchange" and
"since equivalents are exchanged," it
must follow that the use-value of the
wages paid the laborer for his labor
power is exactly equal to the use
value of that labor-power. If so, how
could there be any "surplus value"
tor the capitalist?
Again; if every "commodity has hu
man labor embodied in it" and has
"use-value intrinsic" to it, which
forms the . "basis . of commerce, ' the
substance of wealth;" and if human
energy or labor-power be "a commod
ity," then labor-power must form part
of the "basis of commerce" and "the
substance of wealth." Is tfiis true?
Will some socialist enlighten The
Independent on these points in the
Karl Marx Edition?
Notwithstanding the innumerable
strides and the vast efforts of the la- j
bor leaders, the cold, hard fact is that
the wage-earners receive less thai
they did before. The increase in the
cost of living has been greater than ;
the increase in wages in the most fav- j
ored trades. All this was foretold by!
The Independent to men who carried
torches and shouted for the full din-'
ner pail. Will these men after a
wnlle stop and think a little? As
long as franchises wc-th millions are
given away and after ownership is
acquired by private parties are al
lowed to escape taxation, as long as
the means of transportation and com
munication remain in private hanls
and by this private ownership, con
gresses and legislatures are controlled
in the interest of the few, just that
long will the producer of every sort
contribute "all the traffic will bear"
to rapacious cap.talism.
WHO II1 IT?
Of course it was the votes of the
wage-earners ' and common people
that turned the state of West Vir
ginia over to Elkins and the rapacious
greed of the republican party. What
these people have received for their
votes has been a few dollars in mon
ey, many promises of office, govern
ment by injunction, forced labor in
isolated mountain camps, and now
comes Judge Kellar with heavy fine3
or $100 each and six months imprison
ment for a large number of these
.ame men who nave ben whooi-ia
it up for the monumental thief anl
great republican, Elkins. The injunc
tions issued in West Virginia were
the most infamous in all history. The
suffering among the women and chil
dren of those fined and imprisoned by
Judge Kellar, who is one of the mod
ern Judge Jeffrys of America, cau
only be understood by those who have
for years been" allowed only enougti
of the wealth that they have created
to keep them from starvation. The
Independent expresses its sorrow for
the inhumanity that the?e ware
workers suffer and the deepest sym
pathy with the wrecked families and
broken hearts that this infamous
judge's orders have caused. It can
only say that In the future as in the den; 9 acres in alfalfa; some forest
past, it will continue to fight that I trees; 16 1-2 acres in pasture; frame
Special June Combination 2
We Pay the Freight
We will deliver the following 110.00 combustion to any town in
the state-of Nebraska, freight prep id by us, ny time during the
month of June, 1903. Reference: First National Hack or The In- EE
50 lbs Rest Granulated Sugar ..'..$1.00 EES
20 lbs Choice Prune, New Crop .50 ." EE
25 Ear Good Laundry Soap 1.00
2 lbs Hijjh tirade Japan Tea.. .... 1.K) 5
10 ibGiit Edge Coffee. 2.00 g5
61b3 Fancy Bright Apricots...... .75 SS
4 lbs Fancy 4 Crown Large Raisins., . 50 ss
3 cans Beatrice Corn i 25
S3 lb cans cans Tomatoes.... .25 S
0 lbs Fancy Head Rice 50 SSL
1 Can 16 oz. Cream of Tartar Baking Powder .25 rs
3Pkgs. 10c Soda. .25
3 Pks 10 Corn Starch..... .25 -5'
s 3 Pkg Uk: Gloss Starch 25 5
S 1 lb Pure Black Pepper 25 jj
1 Bottle Lemon Extract .10 zsz
1 Bottle Vanilla Extract .10 S
2 Doz. Clothes Pins , 05
3 cans early June Peas... i. .25 S
5- All the above for....... $10.00 -55.
5 Orders for customers outside of the state of Nebraska - 2
add 75c to pay part of freight .... SS
j JtW Branch & Miller Co. are ontirely responsible and the good g are 5
rs first-class. We recommend the above combination to the favorable con- S
525 sideration of our readers. The Independent, pa
1 Branch & Miller Co. J
Cor. iih and P Sts. Lincoln, Neb. ss
What we Advertise we Do. ss,
which says; "The course of the oper
ators is one of inconsequential quib
bling," and "they are demonstrating
their unfitness to be cnarged with the
control of this invaluable store of na
tional wealth." There is a very swift
and sure way fcr force Baer and his
confederates out of the control of this
invaluable store of national wealth
It is simply to enforce the law against
illegal combinations to restrain com
merce and trade, and the laws and
constitution of the state of Pennsyl
vania forbidding railroads to ownsjr
operate coal mines.
Why Pay Rent
Why pay rent when you can buy a
good farm, a farm that will make as
much money per acre as the farm
you are renting, and pay for it witn
the money you pay out in one year for
rent The folloiwng is a list of gooJ
land bargains in Red Willow county.
We are safe in saying that the crop
this year on every acre of this cul
tivated land will sell for as much as
the land costs.
No. 741. 371-2 acres joining the
town of McCook; iu acres in orchard,
14 years old apple, cheery and plum
trees with small fruit Splendid ga.-
Iiberty and equal rights may be ac
corded to all men.
Russian cruelty is not confined to
the persecution of the. Jews. The stor
ies that come from Finland, show that
the cruelty there is just as barbarous.
It does not consist in wholesale mas
sacres, but in the imprisonment of in
nocent men while their wives and
children are left to die of starvation.
In Finland it is not the acts of mobs
but of the government officials them
selves. The base of these Inhuman
persecutions in Finland is the same as
that which resulted in the slaughter
of the Jews. While the Fins are
Christians, they do not belong to the
Russian Greek church and that is a
sufficient reason in the eyes of the
Russian officials for their exteYmina
tion. While the Jews are forbidden
by law to follow most of the occupa
tions by which men make a living, the
situation in Finland is practically the
same, although such laws are not in
force against the Fins. If the rapac-
ous Russian officials desire to op
press a protestant or Catholic Fin,
they simply demand his discharge by
his employers and when such a de
mand is made by the police, no em
lloyer dare disobey.
It is preposterous that the welfar?
of millions of people should be in the
control of a few law-breakers like
the managers of the anthracite coal
trust. Their recent contention with
the miners about the selection of the
members of the board of conciliation
denounced by many papers, the
Springfield Republican among them,
house one story 22x22 with kitchen
12x14, stone foundation, cellar, chick
en house 16x18, coal house, barn 20x
30, with basement, two wells with
overshot irrigation ditch; one mile
from the postoffice. Price, $3,750.
No. 742. 360 acres, 110 acres in cul
tivation, balance in pasture, 160 acres
smooth, balance rolling; sod house
14x32 with shingle roof; outside cel
lar; frame stable for 14 head of
horses, granary, well and wind mill,
chicken house, corn crib, etc.; seven
miles from McCook and 2 miles from
church. . Price $2,20v.
No. 743. 240 acres, 120 under culti
vation; 180 smooth land, balance roll
ing; all fenced; one and half storv
house, well and wind mill; 9 miles
from McCook, three and half miles
from railroad station. Price, $1,800.
No. 744. 400 acres, 10 miles from
McCook, 6 miles from railroad sta
tion, 125 acres under cultivation, sod
house, frame granary and stable, well
and wind mill and two cisterns; this
farm is rented for 1903. Will sell
share of wheat if the farm is sold.
No. 745. 160 acres, three and half
miles from McCook, 70 acres in culti
vation, CO acre3 first bottom, 80 acre3
second bottom, land all fenced. A
splendid alfalfa and sugar beet farm.
No. 746. 221 acres, all bottom land.
100 acres under cultivation, nearly all
fenced; frame house 24x24, one story,
watered by well and river; 15 acres A
hay, one mile from railroad station,
7 miles from McCook. Price $15 per
No. 747. 160 acres, 80 in cultiva
tion, 145 tillable, 15 acres rough, 3 1-2
miles from McCook. Price $1,700.
No. 748. 480 acres, 4 miles from
Indianola, 200 acres cultivated, bal
ance pasture, frame house 24x24, all
necessary farm buildings, well, wind
mill, etc A choice farm nicely lo
cated. Price $4,000.
No. 749. 1,720 acresall fenced with
4 wires, 200 acres cultivated, 21-2
miles of timber along the creek, tim
ber enough if cut into cordwood and
posts to sell and pay for the farm;
good bouse and barn that cost $1,200,
watered by wells and wind mills, 1,
080 acres deeded land and 640 acres
school land leased with an annual
rental of $57 per year; an assignment
of the lease goes with the place.
Price of the whole property $10,800;
low interest and easy payments If
one-half or more is paid in cash.
No. 750. 320 acres nearly all
smooth, 220 acres in cultivation, all
fenced, 7-room house, well and wind
mill, stable for 12 horses, corrall, 100
acres fenced in pasture, 2 miles from
McCook. Price $7,000. :
No. 751. 100 acres in cultivation,
CO acres in. pasture; frame house 16x
24 with sod -vldition 1Gx:;:i, staivle sor
8 horses, corrall, granary, well, winl
mill, etc; 9 miles' from McCook. Price
No. 753. 160 acres all ' level, all
ferced, 100 acres cultivated, story and
naif house 36x40, 7-rooms, brick foun
dation, well and wind mill, storm cave,
Stable for 10 horses, chicken hous?,
double corn crib and granary, half
mile to school, 3 miles to church.
No. 754. 160 acres, 93 in cultivation,
155 tillable, frame house 16x18, well
and pump; 6 miles to McCook. Price
No. 755. 160 acres, 100 cultivated,
130 tillable, small house, well arid
wind mill. 9 miles from McCook.
No. 756. 320 acres, all fenced, 230
acres cultivated, 90 acres in pasture,
rough; frame stable for 8 horses,
granary, crib3 and 5-acre hog pastur?!
5 miles to Danburv: churrh nn.l
school house across the road from tha
house. Price $3,200.
There is heavy acreage of sugar
beets in Red Willow county-and v
good many thousands of acres of al
falfa. Land is advancing rapidly In
value, and every one of the abov3
pieces is an especially tempting bar
gain, considering the prevailing prices
and demand for land. These are all
offered suject to prior sale the first
man on the ground and prepared to
close deal gets the land. For fur
ther information write Weber & Far
ris, Lincoln, Neb.
sFFoNRD BOOK ffw PROCESS
OFCANNTNO FRUITS AND VEOFTARLES
Mrt. W. T. Price, 1124 Penn. Ave. N Minneapo
The theory of "surplus value"-se
Karl Marx Edition, July 23, 1903.
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