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About The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907 | View Entire Issue (June 4, 1903)
JUNE 4, 19 03.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
The Nebraska legislature recently
passed a law requiring all applicants
for teachers certificates to pass an
examination in the principles of ele
mentary agriculture. This law goes
into effect July 1, 1903.
In view of these requirements, th9
University of Nebraska offers in its
cummer school, June 12 to July 25, a
course Jn agriculture especially ar
ranged for teachers.
rnv. : i t i t i. .j
recitations upon such subjects as the
formation and physical properties of
soils, the methods of tillage to con
serve moisture in soils, and topk s
dealing with plant growth with spe
cial reference to farm crops. The
class work will be illustrated by sim
ple laboratory experiments which can
be performed in any school. Atten
tion will also be given to subjects per
taining to the breeds of live; stock,
animal nutrition, etc. 1
This course has the indorsement of
the state superintendent of public in
struction. .The county superintendence
interviewed express a willingness to
accept university credits, in t agricul
ture without requiring an examina
tion in that subject when certificates
are applied for.
The success of the present move
ment introducing the elements of agri
culture into the common Bchools will
depend upon the fitness of teachers for
carrying on the work.
It is hoped the teachers of Nebraska,
will avail themselves of the oppor
tunities offered by the University at
Lincoln this summer. The work will
be in charge of Prof. H. R. Smith of
the school of agriculture.
The single taxers told their story
in the" Henry George Edition. The so
cialists, may tell theirs in the Karl
Marx Edition, July 23, 1903.
Shakespeare on the Union Pacific
(Copyright, 1903, by A. Darlow.)
The superior excellence of the Un
ion Pacific railroad is, recognized by
day, but it was not generally know.,
Until recent investigation brought the
fact to light, that the advantages of
thf svstem were so fullv and accur
ately described by Shakespeare, that,
with his unerring foresight, he estab
lished a literary and advertising bu
; reau of his own slightly in advance
hf thp rArmirempnts nf his (lav. thu3
proving,, once morethat "he was not
for an age, but for all time."
He thus refers to the running order
of the road: "Stay not to expostulate,
make speed"' (iaeasure for Measure),
and showing how the orders were car
ried out, "Their speed hath been be
yond, account" (Henry lv., ana,
again, answering the inquiry of a
rouna-tnp purchaser, ne says: ite
turn thou thither. Ay? with the
swiftest wings of speed" (All's Well
That Ends Well).
Sherman gravel, that .wonderful dis
integrated granite is spoken of as
"More equal ballasting;" (Cymbelhn),
and the permanent way is eulogize 1
"At last, with easy roads, he came"
(Henry VIII.). And the equipment:
"Here an engine fit for my proceed
ing" (Two Gentlemen of Verona) and,
again, "Most delicate carriages and of
very liberal conceit" (Hamlet).
The safety of travel by "The Over
land Route" is noted in the declara
tion: "To the coast shall we convey
you safe and. bring you back" (Henry
V.), and, again, in the order to the
conductor "Keep this man safe; giva
him all kindness" (Julius Caesar).
With prophetic vision Shakespeare
refers to the junction- of ; the Union
Pacific and Central Pacific railroads ut
Promontory Utah, in May, 1869, "Like
one that stands upon a promontory
and spies a far off shore." (3 Henry
iv.) . - ;r.: .
No difference between day and
Eight rides: "We will guard your
person while you take your rest, and
watch your safety." (Tempest)
That famous train "The Overland
Limited was anticipated: It will be
"a royal train, believe me." (Henry
The luxury of the appointments, for
all classes, is thus described: "What's
the comfort? Why, as all comforts
are most good", most good indeed"
(Measure for Measure), and "My
clerk hath some good comforts too
for . you" (Merchant of Venice). .
Freight traffic was in evidence:
"And thither bear our treasure and
your goods" (Richard III.); "What
stuff of mine has thou embarked?"
(Comedy of Errors) the answer.
"Your household stuff." (Taming of
The care of baggage was not forgot
ten: "Send your trunk to me; it
snau sare De Kept ana truly yielded
you;" but he tells the passenger in
the absence of a porter "Come bring
your luggage nobly on your back:"
(Henry IV.),. and if preadventure it
went astray he tells the owner to ask
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himself: "May, I, with right and
conscience, ' make this claim?" (Hen
ry V.) :
He called attention to the diversi
fied panorama of "The . Overland
Route": "Such notable scenes a3
draw the eye to flow we now present
(Henry VIIL), and, again: "We will,
fair queen, up to the mountain's top"
(Tempest) ; further on : "Turfy moun
tains where live nibbling sheep"
(Tempest). Then, evidently near the
Platte: "Shallow, rivers to whose
falls melodious birds sing," (Merry
Wives of Windsor) ; then: "This val
ley fits, the purpose passing well..'
(Titus Andronicus). Crossing the
prairie he says: "We run like swal
lows o'er the plain," (Titus Androni
cus) ; and tells the passenger that
"The "forest is not three leagues off."
(Two Gentlemen of Verona.)
Shakespeare foresaw that the Un
ion Pacific would be the natural route,
on which the mighty streams of com
merce would be borne: "Have T not
brought every country far and near. '
(Henry VI.). .
That there may be no discomfort
from soot, he thus directs the fireman;
"Burn him up; let your close fire pre
dominate his smoke." (Timon of
Athens), as "Our swift scene flies in
motion of no less celerity.'" (Henry
The board of directors consisted of
''Men of sound direction," (Richard
III.) the chairman of the board is
asked to "Hold that chair," (Kin?
Lear). The president is "An officer of
great worth," (Two Gentlemen of
Verona) and the general manager was
in Shakespeare's mind when he spoke
of "Business whieh none without au
thority can sufficiently manage," (A
Winter's Tale). The trafiic director
had to organize his forces to secure
business: "I'll first direct my men
what they shall do," (Merry Wives of
The duties of an auditor were thus
d:fined: "A kind of auditor, one
that hath abundance of charge,"
(Henry IV.). An aspiring accountant
declares, "I'll be an auditor," (Mid
summer Nights Dream) ; that some of
the agents had to reckon with thesa
officials is apparent: "Call me before
the exactest auditors and .set me on
the proof," (Timon of Athens); the
treasurer filled a responsible position!
' This is my treasurer: let him speak,"
Anthony and Cleopatra). Attorneys,
however, do not seem to have been
very popular: "The first thing we do,
lets kill all the lawyers." (2 Henry
Strikes appear to have been in
vogue, "Shall I strike?" (The Gentle
men of Verona); "No, first lets rea
son," said the employe (Richard III.);
but the union all powerful then, as
now commands, "Strike fellows
strike!" (Trios and Cres); "Do his
bidding, strike!" (Cymbeline). In
structions promptly obeyed: "111
strike and cry, take all," (Anthony
and Cleopatra); strikes were oft ill
timed; "As men in rage strike those
that wish them best" (King Lear.)
The status of "security companies
was clearly set forth, for there was
"Security enough to make fellows a
curs't," (Measure for Measure). The
organizations of these companies was
perfect: ."Tis done like Hector, but
securely , done, (Trois.and Cres), anl
adverse legislation ... was but little
feared: "Think. you but that I know
our state secure, I - would be so tri
umphant," (Richard III.).
The ticket agent, Shakespeare kne-v
well, for he says, "Fellows, stand fast,
I see a passenger," (Two Gentlemen of
Verona); and the conductor, for he
asks: "Who is conductor of his peo
ple?" (King Lear). "
The trainboy -flourished in Shako
speare's day, for he declares: "The
boy need never to understand any
thing," (Merchant of Venice), and tlw
needs of travelers: "You have not
the book of riddles, have you?"
(Merry Wives of Windsor); and he
gives a word of warning: "Forbear,
I say, he dies that touches any of the
fruit." (As You Like It.)
The railroad reporter . made his
daily rounds at that time, 'for Shake
speare makes an officer of the roai
say: "Signify this loving, interview
to the expectors," (Merry Wives of
Windsor); and, again, "This news is
old enough, yet it is every day's
news." (Measure for Measure.)
Politeness, then as now, was essen
tial, as his instructions prove: "Us a
all the observance of civility like one
well-studied,". (Merchant of Venice);
and, again, "Go give him courteous
conduct to this place." (Merchant of
The dining car comes in for con
siderable attention. "Now can I break
my fast, dine, sup, and sleep," (Two
Gentlemen of Verona); and "Go bid
the servants spread . for "dinner."
(Comedy of Errors.) ,
The breakfast was ample: "Eight
wild boars roasted whole for break
fast." (Anthony and Cleopatra). The
prices were reasonable, as this from
the bill of fare will show: "Item, an
chovies and sack after supper, 2s and
6d." (Henry IV.)
The firm sway of the Pullman pos
ter is not forgotten: "Will it please
your mightiness to wash your hands?"
(Taming of the Shrew); and, again,
"My will is even this: that you hie
you to bed." (Two Gentlemen of Ver
ona.) The final smoke before bedtime was
in favor: "Faith, w may put up our
pipes and be gone," (Romeo and
Juliet); and the last words of the
porter: "There let him sleep till
day." (Henry IV.)
A reduced fare is described as an
"O'er-prized all popular rate" . (Tem
pest) sanctioned by "Law and pro
cess," (Winter's Tale).
Fares were collected in Shake
speare's day, for he says; "Never
welcome to a place till some certaiu
shot be paid," (Two Gentlemen of
Verona). They were not exorbitant,
for he says: "They were but light
payment," (Henry IV.) - .
Passes were, however, not unknown,
for the holder of one said to the con
ductor: "Your grace hath looked up
on my passes," (Measure for Meas
ure); but a dissatisfied inspector
asked: "How came these things to
pass." (Midsummer Nights -Dream) ;
and made no distinction ln favor of
ladies, for he continued: "You never
did lack advice so much as letting
her pass," (All's Well That Ends
Finally, Shakespeare " echoes the
sentiments of all railroad men by
saying: "And nothing pleaseth but
rare accidents." (Henry IV.)
1 i nun Q) m
Populism vs, Socialism
C. B. Sprague in the Blair (Neb.1
Republican quotes Former Senator
William V. Allen, in an interview a
the Paxton hotel, Omaha, while ei
route home from a business trip east,
"I have faith in the nonuHst nartv.
I believe that two years hence it will
rise up and be stronger than It was
two years ago, or four years ago. I
have never doubted itp principles, cr
its successful future."
"The socialist party will never grow
to be a national party," he said when
asked about its future in the politi
cal world. "It may grow to be a
party of importance In the large cit
ies where local issues, such as munie
ipal ownership, are of importance, but
to the farmer who owns his own wa
ter supply and his own oil lamp, the
party will not appeal.. The trouble
with socialism is that It is 1,000 years
in advance of the human race. It H
an ideal condition to which we can
not hope to attain. We must deal
with men as we find them, not as we
would like to find them. When we
get to owning everything in common,
I fear that you would find that the
hat is being filled by a comparative
ly small number, while there would
be a large number to take out of it.
If all men were like Clark or Bel
lamy, then it would be all right, but
they are not.
'T have never been a believer in
collectivism. I believe in the indi
viduality in this life, but I believe
that every individual should begivea
a fair chance. I believe that the
course for each man should be ma te
clear of obstructions, and then he b
given a chance to travel that course
iao Acre Farm for $a,aoo
No. 708. Three miles from Orleans,
Harlan county. An ideal home and
dirt cheap. Large two-story 7-room
frame house and other out buildings
all in good repair. Large shade trees
and flowering brush in the yard.
Small bearing orchard; walks from
the house to all buildings and to th
road; large barn, cribs, granary,2
wells, one at house and one at barn,
2 living springs ln the pasture and
these supply two nice fish ponds; 10
acres in alfalfa, 8 to 10 acres of choica
ash timber; 60 acres in pasture anl
balance under cultivation: All fence-!
and cross fenced. This farm is ln the
famous Republican valley. Price $2,
200. There is a mortgage of $800 on
the farm" that can be let run. so only
$1,400 cash is required. Must be soli
quick best of reasons for selling.
Weber & Fan is, Lincoln, Neb.
Karl Marx Edition, July 23, 1903.
flames of Farmars .
Tha lliesouri Valley Farmer wants nam and
adraiMs of farmer anywhere ia tha wast.
Th7 wank tore thm interested in tbair big
farm aaagasina which now has a circulation of
over 100,000 eopiai and is acknowledged to be
tha beet farm paper in the Watt Tha subscrip
tion priae is 50c per year, but if ton will send
theux fire farmers' names and addresses and tea
eeuts in stamps or silrer they frill enter yon aa
a subscriber fully paid for a whole year. Ad
dress Ma. Valley Farmer, Toptka, Ks.
$3,600 Buys Choice 16O Acres
No. 706. 75 acres pasture, balanc.i
under cultivation. Good bottom land
with creek running through the farm;
bottom land and will grow very best
alfalfa some now growing. In Har
lan county, two miles from Huntley;
close to good school and church. Pos
session given March next one-third
of the grain crop goes with the place
if taken at once. Will give imme
diate possession with all the crops
in at $4,000. Weber & Farrls, Lin
Karl Marx Edition, July 23, 1903,
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