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About The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907 | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1903)
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
APRIL 2, 1903.
000 factories with an aggregate of be
tween fiVc and eiX Eu'IIiOnS employes.
The average wage was 438 a year.
That is less than $37 a month, or
about nine dollars a week. So much
, fop factory workers. Since wages, Ilk.-?
; water, tend to seek level, we should
'expect this average to be maintained
'in other occupations. ' '- " -
That expectation is realized In the
case of the miners. '
Very many miners receive less than
$9 a week. In his argument berore
the coal commission, Mr. Clarence
Darrow showed that only one-third of
Mr. Baer's employes receive over $33
a month. He showed that while 5 per
cent received $800 and over, per year,
yet there were 49, per cent who re
ceived less than $200.' These two-hun-
V . hS t WbVUUJ
Mr. Darrow in his estimates took no
account of the Irregular employes
whose annual earnings were as low
as $300. He left out of consideration
also the 5 per cent at the top who re
ceived ?8W a year and over,
What, then, was the average wage
of. those miners who fell between the
?100 and $800 mark?. After deduct
ing $40 a year for tools and supplier
Mr. Darrow found the average annua
wage of these middle class miners to
be $436 or $9 a week.
The laborers about the mines re
ceived $7, a week. The breaker boys
received $3.50 a week. Some received
less than that There were boys who
worked from 6 o'clock in the evening
to 6 o'clock in the morning for 3 cents
an hour. If the wages of these
wretched creatures had been taken
into account, as well as those who re
ceived irregular employment, the gen
eral average would have been brougM
far below $9 a week. So we have th1?
assurance that $9 a week is a libera
estimate of the wage received by the
men who work in the mines as well
as those who work in the factories,
That wage Is not sufficient to keep
the average family of five. That wage
will not permit a man to live in a
comfortable house, and have whole'
some food on the table and clothe
and school books for his children, to
say nothing of a bank account for a
rainy day. "
A living wage ought at least to en
able an American citizen to maintain
his family in health and comfort by
his own labor. But the children of a
man who receives no, more than $9 a
week are obliged to leave school at an
early age. They are' obliged to deny
tnemseives that course of training
which iwe intended for all. - That
means l arrested s mental development
iqr the children. It means a citizen
ship with a low grade of Intelligence
It means trouble for the republic.
We might speak of the high death
rate of people who work for such low
wages. We could show by statistics
now dangerous are their occupations
We could show how deadly are the
quarters where they are'compelled to
live, nut we could not show bv fier-
ures the mental and moral depression
or tnese people. We could not tell the
story of all those blighted aspirations.
We could not give voice to the voice
less sufferings of those who toil with
What are you going to do about it?
Some preachers and church members
will say: "That is not our affair.
That is an economic question. That u
a political matter. That is outside the
domain of religion." The people who
say that are the priests and levites of
today. They pass by on the other side
and leave humanity to its fate.
Erin Has Her Own
The son3 of the Green Isle, in what
ever country they have found a home
have heard the. good news of the con
templated restoration of the old' sod
to the Irish people contained in the
bill recently introduced in parlia
ment S. E. Kiser gives expression to
-the joy everywhere expressed in the
The winds that are blowing o'er Erin
Are the gladdest that ever have
Since the last of old Ireland's mon
archs Stepped mournfully down from his
Over every gray bog and green
They are blowing and spreading
That Erin may yet have her own.
There's a beacon of promise for Erin
Glowing high on each sun-lighted
There's a glorious promise repeated
. In the song of each rollicking rill,
And all of the breezes that blow
Are singing wherever they go
That God loves old Ireland still.
Carey Chapman, Chico, Cal.: Send
coupon book. Will do the best I can,
although there are more mullet head3
here to the square mile than any place
I ever was in.
THAT "SCHEME" AGAIN
Farther Development In the Controversy
Between The Independent and The
Appeal to Beaten
Readers of The Independent may
wonder why any space is devoted to
answering the recent onslaught of the
Appeal to Reason relative to the pop
ulist Indorsement of Mr. Bryan at St
Louis in 1896. In the first place this
was the first1 time ..when any specift:
charge of a "deal" or "scheme" "has
ever been made at least, that The In
dependent has seen. Mr. Ricker, one
of the Appeal's associate editors, is f.
former mid-road populist, and has set
up the claim that Mr. Bryan told him
in 1X7 whHn roirtlln frnm Oni
to Council Bluffs, la., in substance,
that the Bryan nomination at St Louis
was the result of a scheme or deal or
plan arranged by Bryan and the pop
ulist leaders months, before the con
ventions of 1896.
This was denied by Mr. Bryan in a
has learned indirectly that he has nc
distinct recollection of the conversa
tion and does not wish to mix into
any controversy. Standing alone Mr
Ricker's language conveys no news,
but in the light of his former asser
tion, a "deal" or "arrangement" or
"understanding" implies prearrange
ment "The question is: Did "Messrs,
Rose water, Bryan and Allen, prev
ious to the conventions, arrange to
have Holcomb nominated and-eleetel
governor? If so, that is a piece of
news to many thousands of Nebras
kans. The Reond iiiestion f: Di.1 Mr,,
Rosewater relate the particulars of
this "deal" to Mr. Ricker? Mr. Ricker
teays he did; Mr. Rosewater refuses to
' No one denies that Messrs Rosewa
ter, Bryan and Alien each assisted iu
the election of Governor Holcomb, and
iio on denies that they did good
work. But Mr. Ricktrs insinuation
is that these gentlemen planned tfco
whole thing in advance. And if it be
true that they did so plan in advance,
it is a matter which, concerns repub
etter to The Independent . .published hicans; democrats, and populists alike
Z,,r::i"l..L " senator Allen, in tn letter which foi
yci iian;u it rejiuunsnea Mr. itiCK-
er's letter to The Independent and Mr
Bryan's reply, together with over two
columns of comment by Mr. Ricker.
Most of it consists of the usual mid
road rant about the fusion populists
dishonesty, but one paragraph cor.
tains a specific allegation:
"What am I to think." queries Mr,
Ricker, referririg to Mr. Bryan's de-
lows, denies that he was party to any
such "deal." - : .
"Madison, Neb., March 19, .1903.
Hon. Chas. Q. Da France, Lincoln,
Neb. My Dear Sir: I have your let
ter of the 14th inst containing ex
cerpts from The Independent and the
Appeal to Reason, in which it appears
that Mr. Ricker asserts that Mr. Bry
an admitted to him that he (Mr. Bry-
now when he flatly denies what an) and the populist leaders months
du cAynciujr Btaieu iu oe in our
interview? Has Mr. Bryan forgotten
the deal between Mr Rosewater, Mr.
Alien and himself by which under;
standing Mr. Holcomb was elected
governor of Nebraska in 1894, the par
ticulars or .which were related to me
by Mr. Rosewater some five years
Immediately upon receipt of the Ap
peal containing this new charge, let
ters were written lo Mr. Rosewater
and Senator Allen, a copy of the let
ter to Mr. Rosewater being as follows:
.Lincoln, Neb., March 14. 1903.
Hon. E. Rosewater, ' Omaha. Neb. -
Dear Sir: The clipilngs enclosed are
from The Independent of February o
and lb, - 1SHM, the matter appearing
under the heads, "The Appeal to Rea-
through an "Appeal to Prejudice."
Suppose It were proyen beyond tb a
shadow of a doubt that Messrs. Rose
water and Bryan told Mr. Ricker
what he says they told him; and sup
pose that what they told him were -absolutely
true how will that ulti-.
mately benefit the "kangaroos?"5 If -"tricky"
leaders killed the populist,
party, why can't they also kill the
"kangaroo" movement? It will be all
the more easily accomplished with a
suspicious membership drawn together
through prejudice rather than a fun-'
damental -: knowledge of what i3.
A "movement" that can be killed
by dishonest leaders isn't 'very much,
of a movement, it may be said in re- :
ply; but "kangaroo" socialism . must
grow very much yet before it reaches
the populist strength as shown by the
vote of 1892.
The Coming Union
Editor Independent: . I desire to
reply to Brother Kain's article asking
why I did not invite-the Bryan.
ton." and ."That .'Conspiracy'," havini
a direct bearing upon what , is to foi
low. You will note that Mr. Ricker
(who was formerly a mid-road dod
ulist, living J somewhere in ' Iowa) ; in
tne Appeal to Reason- of January "24,
1903, made the assertion that while in
conversation with Mr. Bryan Jn 1897,
Mr, Bryan admitted.: ctc him.,tha he
(Bryan) and the populist,.: leaders.
months before the democratic and
populist conventions, in 1896, had ar
ranged "so that the people's party
would be placed in this humiliating
position" . (that is to say, that Mr.
tfryan would be nominated by the
democrats at Chicago and then In
dorsed by the populists at St Louis)
i cnaiienged the statement on two
points, denying (1) that any such ar
rangement was in fact made, and (2)
that Mr. Bryan ever told Mr. Ricker
that any such arrangement had been
made. Mr. Ricker resDonded with thA
letter rmblisheri nnrtpr tho haaA r
"That 'Conspiracy'.'' Mr. Bryan's re
joinder follows under the same head.
AH this so far, of course, is of no
particular interest to you, It having
no bearing upon the fortunes of the
political party with which vnn ar.
before the democratic and populist
national conventions of 1896 had ar
ranged "so that the people's party
would be placed in ibis humiliating po
sition," referring to Mr. Bryan s prob
able nomination by the populists at
"It further appears that Mr. Ricker
asks, "Has Mr. Bryan forgotten the
deal between Mr. Rosewater, Mr. A!
len and himself by which understand
ing Mr. Holcomb was elected governor
of Nebraska in ,1894, the particulars
of which were related to me by Mr.
Rosewater some five years ago?"
desire to notice Mr. Ricker's utter
ance to the extent or denying tnat
there was any arrangement? at or be
fore the national populist convention
of 1896 that Mr. Bryan should receiv
the populist nomination for the presi
dency, and to express my dissent from
the statement that therewas a "deal
between Mr. Rosewater, Mr Allen and
Mr.- Bryan by which Governor Hol
comb was elected , .governor of Ne:
braska in 1894," as there was no such
"deal." I likewise have reason to be
lieve that' Mr. Ricker is mistaken in
what' he claims Mr. Rosewater said to
him "some five years ago."
"If there was a ; 'deal" I was not a
party to it and know nothing of it; if
there was an arrangement or under
standing by which Mr. Bryan was to
receive the populist nomination to the
presidency in 1896 before his name was
actually placed before the convention
at St Louis I am and have been ignor
ant of the fact. I ?ra well convinced
that Mr. Ricker is thoroughly in er
ror in respect to these statements.
Mr. Ricker and his co-adjutors
must adopt some other method to dis
credit the populist party and to de
stroy it than by the circulation of such
reports. 1 have faith in the populist
party; faith in its principles; faith in
its continued existence, and faith that
it will grow and under its present or
filiate. But in the Appeal to Reason some other acceptable name ultimate-
or even date herewith is, reprinted the ly be triumphant in the United btates
two letters- (of Ricker and Brvanl
which appeared in The Independent of
Jb'eoruary 26. The controversy has
narrowed down to a question of verac-
ty between Ricker and Bryan, and
Mr. Ricker comments in part as fol
What am I to think now when
I have not the slightest notion of de
serting its standard or of permitting
the organization to go down if I can
prevent such a disaster. I admire
many things in scientific socialism.
The socialism of Marx and Bellamy
would be of infinite benefit to man
kind, but it is a thousand years in ad-
e flatly denies what he so explicitly vance of the age and men must be re
stated to me, in . our interview? Has
Mr. Bryan forgotten the deal between
Mr. Rosewater, Mr. Allen and himself
by which understanding Mr. Holcomb
was elected governor of Nebraska in
1894, the particulars of which were re-
ated to me by Mr. Rosewater some
five years ago?'
I believe no populist, democrat, or
republican, in Nebraka will deny that
the influence of youiself and the Bee
was a potent factor in electing Gov
ernor Holcomb; but in view of Mr.
fashioned before it can be successful
ly adopted. We must deal with men
as they are and not as we would like
them to be, and on one or two vital
principles of government upon, which
all can agree we should unite the re
form forces into a compact organiza
tion by which through party discipline
and by force of numbers we may be
able to reform the government and
bring it back to the old time purity
end simplicity of the fathers of the
republic. Any policy that falls short
wicker's previous assertions, the only of accomplishing this desirable end
reasonable construction to place upon
nis present languagi is that (a) rou.
Senator Allen and Mr. Bryan made a
dear whereby Holcomb was to be
nominated and elected, and (b) that
you ralated the particulars of this
deal' to Mr. Ricker some five years
ago. Is this true? I confess that I
am as skeptical regarding it as I was
regarding Mr. Ricker's former asser
tion. Yours very truly.
"CHARLES Q. DE FRANCE,
To 'this letter Mr. Rosewater has
made no reply, but The Independent
is short-sighted and unworthy of con
sideration. WM. V. ALLEN."
These allegations would amount to
nothing and would not need notice,
were it not for the fact that the Ap
peal is attempting to draw populists
into the ranks of "kangaroo" social
ism, winning them by working on their
prejudices instead of a genuine 'ap
peal to reason." The Independent
bids God speed to any populist who
joins the socialist movement because
he believes In the principles; but let
him learn and believe through a gen
uine appeal to his reason and not
democrats into a union conference. I
assure him and all others interested in
the battle for? human liberty that I
give a hearty welcome to all the Bry
an democrats and also to that fear
less and - invincible champion of hu
man rights, Hon. W. R. Hearst.
Mr. ' Hearst has done more to edu
cate the people in advanced ideas on
all lines of reform than any other, man
in the last twenty-five years. He' is '
always first in relieving destitution,
first and unrelenting in fighting mo-"
nopoly. He has won more victories for
labor through his newspapers and the
courts than the whole coterie of so
called reform democrats. He is the
man of the hour and if nominated for
the presidency in 1904, he will , sweep .
the country like a cyclone. - He is the
only man in the country that can un
ite all the elements that , have? , any, ,
humanity left in their mental con f
struction. ; .1' .
President Roosevelt is making him-
self solid with the trusts and they r
will spend an unlimited 7 amount of ;
money to re-elect him in 1904, but it
will not avail them as they are
doomed to -defeat. . The corruption ;.
that dominates the' republican party
at present from town board to the
halls of congress has never been ,.
equalled in the country's history. It'
is even less credit for , a,., ..republican
to champion their, '.cause now : Jthan it;
was for a democrat to susVain':dem"s
ocracy in 1856'60-'o4. The 'slave pow--"
er (damnable as it was) could not -hold I
a candle to the money' power. ' ..."
But rotten as the republican.) party
is, we must not forget that: Cleveland,
Hill, Olney, Whitney, Gorman and -
their supporters are infinitely more
contemptible than the republicans as
they ride in the livery " of ' heaven to
serve the devil. There must be an
entire .separation from that crowd.'.
They must be kept out of our councils
as they are only serving as SDies. '
United the reform forces on Hearst
and Ayen, and victory is ours in 1904.
S. B. WEAVER.
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