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About The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1903)
JANUARY 23, 1903.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
Xtcrorids and Dietrich, Light weight s
Colombian Treaty Department of
Commerce Philippine Coinage
Washington, D. C, Jan. 26, 1903.
(Special Correspondence.) Senator
Beveridge of Indiana, who disputes
with Senator Dietrich of Nebraska the
distinction of being the intellectual
lightweight of the upper house of con
gress, is at the head of the coterie of
republican leaders who, by dint of
fllibusterine and loner-winded discus
sion, still continue to prevent a vote
on the omnibus statehood bill and
thereby deprive New Mexico, Arizona
and Oklahoma of the rights they de
serve. On a test vote last Tuesday
concerning the question of going into
executive session to consider the Cu
ban treaty, the friends of statehood
had 10 majority. Beveridge and his
followers are in a contemptuous posi
tion be"re the country and have re
pudiated the platform pledges of their
party, yet thi3 "wasp of the Wabash"
is so enamored of the lime-light that
there is danger he may continue his
tactics and thereby prevent a vote on
the bill this session.
The treaty bptween the United
States and the government of Colom
bia, which was signed Friday by Sec
retary Hay and Dr. Herran as the rep
resentatives of the two companies, was
transmitted to the senate by the presi
dent and by the senate referred to the
committee on foreign relations.
The treaty was read in executive
session, but the injunction of secrecy
was not removed.
By the terms of the treaty the
United States agrees to make a cash
payment of $10,000,000 in gold to tae
Colombian government and after the
expiration of nine yesrs to pay a ren
tal of ?250,000 per year.
The lease of the strip of land to be
used for the canal arid for canal pur
poses is practically made perpetual,
the provision on this point being that
the first lease shall be for 100 years
and renewable thereafter in terms
of 100 years at the pleasure of the
The strip is to be ten kilometers,
or about six miles, in width, and over
this territory the United States is
given police and sanitary jurisdiction,
although it is explicitly specified that
Colombia does not surrender sover
eignty over it
The United States is to hve the
privilege of free importation of ves
sels and material to be used in the
-construction of the canal.
The matter of judicial control is
settled by a scheme of joint action,
although it especially is assured that
no citizen of the United States will
be tried by any other than his own
Control of the waters of the ports
of Colon and Panama is vested in the
United States just as far as may be
necessary for the complete operation
of the canal, and it is assured that
our extra territorial jurisdiction will
be unquestioned as to waters and
streams pertaining to the canal. All
port dues on vessels passing the ca
nal are to go to the United States by
way of offset for the annuity pay
ments. The grant is made exclusive
to the United States, and no taxes
or rentals are to be charged in addi
tion to the gross sum of $10,000,000
cash and $250,000 annuity.
Several things have conspired to
bring about delay in the negotiations
.that have now been completed in the
isthmian canal matter and await only
senatorial approval ;to become effec
tive. In the first place, the railroads
of the country, fearful of losing their
transportation monopoly, have for 20
years opposed all canal legislation.
The cheaper rates of transportation by
water are likely to prove disastrous
competition, and the railway man
agers have had the ear of congress
always, and at times, even the presi
dent. .Roosevelt himself is charged
r th having listened to the siren song
of the trans-continental lines, so pow
erful in politics and so unscrupulous
in method. Later, the price received
by Colombia for the concession is
admittedly larger than was expected.
While the . Nicaraguan route was
doubtless the popular choice, the se
lection of a route and the early com
mencement of the work will be wel
come news to the people in general.
The house' has passed the substitute
for the senate bill creating a depart
ment of commerce and labor. Some
democratic opposition was evinced
thereto, for the reason as charged
that labor was discriminated against
in favor of capitalistic interests. The
republican majority voted them down,
however. Provision for a bureau of
insurance was stricken out of the
bill, and a clause inserted authoriz
ing the president to transfer the in
terstate commerce commission to the
new department. The head of the
new department will be a secretary
and have a seat In the president's
The director of the mint estimates
the production of gold in the United
States in 1902 at $80,853,070, an in
crease over 1901 of $2,186,370. He es
timates the production of silver at
$31,040,025, an increase of $3,352,084.
The Sultan of Sulu ha3 fallen a
victim of cholera, no doubt superin
duced by the high living he has en
joyed for several years at the ex
pense of this government The in
formation comes in a report to the
war department The sultan is he
who has enjoyed a $5,000 per year
salary, and each of his chiefs a lib
eral stipend since 1898 by treaty made
with General Bates of the United
States army, now stationed at Omaha.
The sultan had 300 wives and any
number of "lady friends," besides be
ing a slaveholder, and this fact oc
casioned much comment over the
country, in view of the premium
placed upon it by the administration
in the form of a salary. The officials
of the war department have not yet
indicated whose name will be substi
tuted for that of the deceased sultan
on the pay rolls of the United States.
The Philippine tariff bill, which re
cently passed the house, carried a uni
form reduction of the tariff on Phil
ippine goods coming into this coun
try, making the rate only 25 per cent
of the Dingley schedule.
The senate Philippine committee has
amended the bill so as to provide for
duty free on all Philippine products
except sugar, tobacco, and sthe tariff
on these two commodities 5 ha3 been
fixed at 50 per cent of the Dingley
rate. This change was made in de
ference to the demands of the sugar
and tobacco trusts, whose representa
tives always receive a ready and suc
cessful hearing from the republican
The clique of republican house
leaders received a decided rebuke
again, Thursday, when the Philippine
coinage bill reported by the commit
tee was rejected, and the minority
substitute adopted. Twenty-eight re
publicans joined with the united mi
nority to accomplish this end. Thi
committee reported a bill to estab
lish the gold standard in the islands
and to authorize the coinage of silver
pesos of 416 grains, to be made le
gal tender at the rate of two pesos
for one gold dollar. This was de
feated, and the substitute was passed,
146 to 128, which provides that the
lawful money of the United States
shall be legal tender in the Philip
pines, and declares the coinage laws
of the United States to be in full
force there. It provides for the re
demption of the Mexican and Spanish
silver, not including any Mexican
pesos imported into the islands after
March 15, 1903, at their bullion value
as declared from time to time by the
Philippine commission, the silver coin
authorized by the Philippine govern
ment act to be redeemed at the rate
of two pesos for $1 of United States
currency. After six months no coiu
except that of the United States shall
be legal tender, with the following
"That all debts, except those other
wise provided for in the contract, ow
ing on the date when this act shall
take effect or contracted within six
months thereafter shall be payable
in the silver coins now in circulation
in the Philippine islands, or in the
lawful money of the United States at
the rate of exchange prescribed at th
time by the Philippine commission."
The bill provides that the pesos
coined under the Philippine govern
ment act and the Mexican and Span
ish coin when redeemed or received
for public dues on the above basis
shall be coined in United States coin
af the mint authorized to be estab
lished in Manila.
In the course of the debate Mr.
Hill, of Connecticut, made the impor
tant statement in connection with
what he said Wednesday, that Secre
tary Shaw had informed him yester
day morning that a Mexican gentle
man was now in this city in the in
terest of an arrangement by which
Mexico could adopt a currency sys
tem uniform and interchangeable with
that of the United States.
It is believed that this action of the
house will defeat all Philippine cur
rency legislation for this session, as
the leaders of the senate look upon
the bill as it now stands with dis
favor. Governor Taft has been very urg
ent in his demands for a currency
law, and republican leaders are blam
ing Secretary Shaw, who is creditel
with favoring the substitute measure
On Friday the house passed a bill
giving Alaska a delegate in congress
with all powers and privileges ac
corded a delegate from any of the
Popular demand for some sort of
anti-trust legislation has stirred the
IAftfS' October, 1902. importation of black Percherons, Balgians and Coachnrs was the largest
tw made wast of the Missouri Hirer, llis stallions of big size, quality, finish and extremely
low prices are proptsititm that will make you bis buyer. If you can pay cash or gire baokabU
note, you will sure buy stallions of lams. Only man iu tlie United States that imported only
black or bay stallions. He baa just imported
Shipped to New York by fast boat, then by Faran Express, special train from New York to St
raui, Nebraska. Jams' big bams are full of big, black, ton stallions. He is just finishing a
36x100 feet, lam t horses are the seuKoiUm of the town. Visitors throng his barn a nl
new barn I
'laws has a horse show
say: "Never saw so many big black stallions together:" "They are larger, bigger bona, more
finish than ever before;" ''Rat lams is progressive:" "He buys them larger and better each
year;' "He make prices that makes the people buy his horses;'
ewj day, belter tbo 8tt Fairs." He haa on hand over
100 BLACK PERCHERONS, BELGIANS and COACH ERS 100
2 to 0 yeara old, weight 1.600 to 2,500 lbs. More black Pereheroas, ton stallions, largest French
borso show winners, more government approved and stamped stallions of anyone importer in the
west. lama speak Preach and Gorman: pays no interpreter, no buyer, no salesman', no two to
ten upq as partnera to share profits. His buyers get middlemen' profits and salaries. lams
buys direct from breeders. This with his twenty years' experience secures the best. All the
above facts save bia buyers tftOO to S,000 on a first-class stslhn and you get a first-class horse, as
only seeond rate stallions are peddled by sleek salesmen to be sold. iSoodonts sell themselve.
It coats ffiOO to $O0 to have a salesman form a company and sell a second rate stallion. Form
your own companies. Go direct to lams barns. He will sell you a better stallion for $1,000 and
$1,100 than others are selling at 2,000 and f4,000. lams pays horse's freight and his buyer's fare.
Good guarantees. Darns in town. Don't be a clam. Write for an oye opener and finest horse
catalogae on earth.
St. PauL, Howard Co., Neb. On U. P. and B. & M. Rys.
Fefr retrt s : Ft. Tsui Btate Pank, First Stat Bank, Citizens National Bank.
nRAFT STfll I IONS.
a UN v i naaisfliSVSliVJ
OH Head to select from all im
0 U ported by us and guaranteed.
$1,000 buys a good one from us this fall. We down n
competition by celling more quality for less money than the small importers can
possibly do. We do not advertise 100 and only have 20, but have just what wa
claim. 60 good ones now on hand. Darns just across from B. & M. depot. On
September 9 we landed 40 head, which U our 34th import.
Watson, Woods Bros. & Kelley Go.
house committee to favorably report
a bill, and discussion thereof will
probably be taken up next week. It
is a sort of mongrel measure, very
mild in its provisions, containing
nothing that will in the slightest (13
gree affect the operations of the
trusts, but aimed at lulling the people
to repose and estopping agitation.
The senate (fearing some sort of
drastic anti-trust legislation by the
house, because of its supposed re
sponsiveness to the will of the people)
proposes to take the matter into Its
own hands. To this end. Senator Elk
ins, on behalf of the committee on
interstate commerce, has introduced
a bill, to be offered as an amendment
to the department of commerce bili
just passed by the house. Elkins' bill
Anything done or omitted to beMone
by a corporation common carrier sub
ject to the acts to regulate -commerce
even though done by an agent, shaA
be held to be a misdemeanor.
Willful failure to file rates by com
mon carrier or to observe such rates
to the letter shall constitute a mis
demeanor. It shall be unlawful to grant re
bates or other favors in the making
of rates that will result In discrimina
tion in favor of one shipper or anoth
er. Heavy penalty provided.
All parties interested in rate ben
efits to be included in any suit filed.
Courts are required to summarily
inquire into such complaints as may
Power given to compel attendance of
witnesses and production of books
Duties of United States district at
torneys clearly defined.
The aggressive attitude assumed by
Germany in the continued bombard
ment of Venezuelan ports and the
murde.' of non-combatants has stirred
up Washington official life and a pop
ular demand is likely to be made tha
the authorities call Germany to ac
count. When the offer to submit thf
matter to arbitration was accepted by
Germany and Great Britain, at the
behest of the United States, it was
understood that only peaceful meas
ures would be pursued against Vene
zuela. Germany, however, is practi
cally at war with the little republic
It is known that the war lord of Eu
rope has lon cast covetous eyes upon
South American soil, with consequent
resentment at the good offices exer
cised by an observance of the Mon
roe doctrine to prevent this, aggres
sion. Now that the isthmian canal U
to be built, Germany desires a naval
station and coaling place near by to
provide for any emergencies that
might arise, and the idea is gaining
ground that Venezuela is desired at
this seat of war supplies.
The conviction is erowine that tha
United States may yet regret the pres
ence m tne state department or so
nronouneed an' a'nglomaniac as John
Hay, and the absence of a Blaine or
Sriifll Do You Want a
Alls Genuine Bargain
B II J3 Hundreds ot Upright rianot
dispnaed of i one. The; inelods Steinwayt, Knaliet, riechera,
gterliagi and other well knowu luai.i. Kar cauo b dit
ilntuiehed from new em nk A SB ft J" " d at
(rut diie.unt. Wl M H MB KLiU UpriliU m low
M S10U. Also ! Ep W I H Oil tiful Jtrw Up-
risktattlitt.iiat, H BlUvlfS iio.ndiios.AUM
In.truwoot t SOTO, fully eqnal te .anr
tavOpianoe. Monthly payvente aeeepted. Freight eely about
IS. Write for Mat end particular!. Yon make a (reat sarinr.
Pianoa warranted aa represented. Ill nitre tod Fiaaa Beak Free.
LYON & HEALY
IOO Adams 8t.t CHICAGO.
foU'l larcwt mule hoaaa; aelU Irerythinf kaowm In MaaieV
Members f Legislature Will Fiud
The Hotel Walton
1510 O STREET.
the best and most convenient low priced
houFe in the c ty. Rates i per day and up.
Nye & Buchanan Co.,
SOUTH OMAHA, NEBRASKA.
Best possible service in all depart
ments. Write or wire us for .markets
or other information.
Long distance Telephone 2305
sajnr; pan xriTT,-:r'-xif
Harlan County, Nebraska.
Number 20 N. W. 1-4 Sec. 17, Tp.
2 R. 20. 125 acres cultivated land,
balance in pasture. A nice farm, good
black soil, small frame improvements.
Located within one-half mile of Stam
ford and in the heart of one of 'the
best alfalfa districts in the state.
Price $2,200. Van Decar & Bradley,
St. Paul, Neb., and Wolbach, Neb.
Plumbing and Heating
J. c. cox
133 O Street Lincoln, Nebraska,
Congressman Shallenberger is still
manifesting his interest in irrigation
matters. By an appeal to the authori
ties charged with governing the nev?
government-controlled irrigation en
terprises, he has secured a promise to
begin work as early as practicable on
artesian wells and like experimenj ', In
II. W. RISLE.
To make cowj pay, use snarplei Cream Separators
ook"u8ine Dairying-" & Cat270 free W. Clie3ter.Pa
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