The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, January 22, 1903, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
JANUARY 22, 1903."
EMINENT DOMAIN
Mr. Anthoay Comments on tb Principles
Involved In Exercising Thla 8ov
reign Klht
Editor Independent: The right of
way, the land and the fixtures of all
corporations controlling public util
ities are owned by the people.
The natural law seems to be that all
things the individual creates belong to
the individual, for hi3 Individual use
and all the utilities that society ere-
aies Lrciuiig wO luc puunG iui iuuui.
uses. The constitution of our union r
a record of the natural rights of in
dividuals surrendered to create fo
the general welfare a legislative, Ju
. dicial and executive department, each
independent of each. The congress
enacts laws within the sphere of the
power granted. The judiciary con
fines the laws within the powers grant
ed, the president executes the laws,
makes them effective, prescribes the
way the people shall choose from then
own ranks who shall be their public
servants, who shall perform the du
ties assigned to each of these depart
ments. The people cither through the con
stitution of the states or of the union
have reserved to themselves as com
moc property the absolute title to ev
ery foot of land over which the con
stitution of the union holds supreme
sway. If the occupier of a farm or
lot refuses to pay his taxes, refuses to
contribute his share towards the pay
ment of the people's hired help, the
use of his farm or lot is taken from
him and turned over to some citizen
whn will now iVio iavoi lavAetA nn iYir
farm or lot for the payment of the
people's hired help. Should the com
mon, welfare of the people require l he
use of any farm or lot it is taken from
the individual using it for the use ct
nil 4 U .,1..,J, ,1 Jl.. AA I,.
an, luc tAtiuu'-u yei nun uh.iuut;u, &iv
ing back to the individual-occupier
the amount of labor he has stored in
the farm or lot through its purchase,
money or otherwise.
The people have not reserved the
right to oust the individual occupier
for any individual or private purposes
Our supreme court has decided that
in laAV coTuorations are individuals or
single persons. The use of the law of
eminent domain is for public use1?
alone. It cannot be used for corpora
tion right of way for private individual
right of way. All lands taken from
individual use through the law of
eminent domain have teen taken for
public uses; wherever the people
choos3 to take possession of their owa
they have the supreme authority o
their constitute i for their warrant.
If corporation? choose to build per
manent structures on land belonging
to others they assume the risk com
mon to all Avho build on land to
which they have no title. These struc
tures belong to the holders of the titie
to the land on which they are, built.
Their name betrays ihfm. It can
have no other meaning than co-operation,
perrons acting together for a
common purpose. Calling a corpora
tion "quasi public" no more maes It
public, being always for private gain,
than calling a dry goods store or
blacksmith's5 shop "quasi public" givfs
them eminent domain. All depend uu
on public use for private gain. Thei:
claim of public utility is like the pW
of the murderer of his father who
claimed clemency from his judge be
cause he was an orphan.
F. W. ANTHONY.
Mattawen, Mich.
(It seems we have started with the
wrong foot forward in this exercise
cf the right of eminent domain. Pri
vate property is taken, it is said, for
"public uses;" but. in the case of
railroads, it becomes the private prop
erty of the corporation for whom th
right has been exercise 1. The correct
rule, it would seem, would be that
wherever the right of eminent doman
is invoked that the property taken
, fchould belong to the public and be
operated by the public through Us
government In truth . the present.
; practice i3 nothing more than taking
private property for the use of other
private persons. Ed Ind.)
Silver Dollars ;
, Editor Independent: I have a ques
tion I would not have known until
very recently about the republicans
-wimiiK l mucn silver, u u naa noi
been for The Independent and The
Commoner. Will you please tell me
when the law was passed under which
silver dollars are now coined. We
know silver was demonetized. After
a time we had the Sherman purchas
ing law, which Grover caused to b
repealed. . Under what law then are
we now having the coinage of silver?
This question has been asked me by
one who was skeptical about the
statement of any silver, being coined.
. Perhaps we have as many mullet
heads here , to the acre as anywhere.
Anyhow what we lack in number can
probably be made up in size. Long
life and success to The. Independent
A. B. PAUL.
McDonough, - N.
(The act of 1873, commonly known
as-the "crime of '73," made provision
for the coinage of trade dollars, but
said - nothing about the coinage of
standard ' silver dollars. Of course
none could be coined without author
ity of law, and none were coined from
the time that act took effect until tha
act of February 28,. 1878 known as the
Bland-Aiiisun act, took effect Ac
cordingly the mint reports show that
during the years 1874, 1875, and 1877,
not a silver dollar was coined. Un
der the Bland-Allison act silver wai
purchased . and paid for out of the
treasury just as horses or any other
commodity would be paid for, and al'
told $378,160,793 in silver dollars was
coined after March 1, 1878.
The Sherman act required the pur
chase of silver bullion at the markei
price, the same to be paid for in
United States notes. These notes ic
turn were made redeemable in coin.
The act did not require immediate
coinage of the silver so bought and
it piled up in the hands of the gov
ernment Between July 14, 1890. and
October 31. 1S93, however, 136.087
2S5 in silver dollars were coined from
the Sherman law silver; and between
November 1, 1893, (the date of Gro
ver "s repeal) and June 12, 1S9S. $42.
139.872 more silver dollars were coined
from the Sherman silver. . June 13,
1898, the war revenue bill provided
for. further coinage f what was left
of the Sherman silver bullion, and i'
is under this act that the present sil
ver dollars are being coined. The sup
ply of bullion is about exhausted and
coinage must r.oon cease unless provi sion
is made to purchase a new sup
ply. Ed. Ind.)
G. W. Walters, San Saba, Tex.:
Send me about half a dozen more of
your educational cards. I want io
spread the truth all I can. It is such
a rare thing that we get the truth out
of our old party papers.
The Vlei Presitfint
Editor Independent: As there is a
controversy in our school in regard to
qualifications of vice president, I write
to ask if the law requires the same
qualifications for vice president as if
does for president, with regard to age
and native birth. . Please answer
through the columns of The Indepen
dent and oblige a school, girl reader.
IDA FORBES.
Payette, Idaho. , ''
(Originally the federal constitution
said nothing about the qualifications
for vice president Paragraph 5 of
section 1 of article II., constitution of
the United States of America, provid
ed: "No person except a natural bora
citizen, or a citizen of the United
States, at the time of the adoption of
this constitution, shall be eligible to
the office of president; neither shall
any person be eligible to that office
w-.o shall not have attained to the age
of thirty-five years, nd been four
teen years a resident within the United
States."
Inasmuch as no qualifications were
prescribed, it would seem that one
not a natural born citizen, or less
than 35, mig" t have been elected vice
president But he could not have suc-
c ded to the presidency.
This was changed, however, by the
twelfth amendment to the constitu
tion, . the last clause of which says:
"But no person constitutionally inelig
ible to the office of president shall be
ligible to that of vice president of
the United States." This amendment
al6o changed the manner of choosing
a president and vice president Orig
inally the one receiving the highest
electoral vote (if a majority) was
chosen president, and after choice of
president tne one having the greatest
number of electoral votes should, be
vice president The growth of politi
cal parties necessitated the change as
outlined in the twelfth amendment,
which enables one party to secure
both offices. Ed. Ind.)
C. W. . Selden, Lundy's Lane, Pa. :
Find stamps for subscription. I wish
the people were better informed on
the questions of the day. Sensible re
publicans are the ones that ought to
read your paper. The most of them,
however, are such strong partisans
they will not put any money in any
thing but a party organ.
C. C. Burton, Stoddard, Neb.: En
closed find one dollar for The Inde
pendent another year. Coal is dear
and getting dearer but we can't do
without The Independent Its plain,
manly statement of all questions just
suits us.
Has Not DevUt d.
. Editor Independent: I received your
favor some time ago, but have been
negligent about answering it for two
reasons: my health has been poor an'
I am getting up in years; I am now
71 years old, have to work for my
bread and butter; I am not as apt at
it as I used to be. The Independent
is a favorite paper with me. I am. in
sympathy with the doctrines it teaches
and the manner in which it teaches
them. I will extend the circulation all
I can. I am not a new hand in this
fight I enlisted when the greenback
party came Into existence and have
not deviated from that course and nev
er expect to. I voted for Weaver and
Chambers when they ran on the green
back ticket, and shall never vote thv
republican ticket again. I want to see
that old rotten carcas buried so so deep
that it can't smell. We might have ac
complished before this time if our par
ty had kept together. I have been
holding off to get the vote of this
state; it will be some time, as they
are going to have a recount
OWEN MERRY.
Happy Camp. Cal.
W. H. Burdyshaw, Jcnesboro, Ark.:
I would be elad to see the old-time
leaders of the people's party in work
ing order again. It seems to me tne
papers ought to be better organized.
I beiieve the people are now thinking
of a new party for 1904.
The Gold Bulls
Editor Independent: The Gold Bulls
cross the water. All of the so-called
great nations have sent their great
iron ships across the sea to fight the
little republic. The Gold Bulls first
robbed the world of the silver monev
the money of the poor people and
now the weak nations cannot pay their
debts. And all the Gold Bulls unite
as one man to fight, to kill and destroy
all the ships of poor little Venezuela
republic. The first war of the single
gold standard!
BISHOP L. B. HELLER.
Belmar, N. J.
On page 9 will be found the ad
vertisement of Hayden Bros, of Oma
ha. The firm is the largest depart
ment store in Nebraska and are en
tirely reliable. They are friendly to
The Independent as shown by their
continued patronage of its columns
and we hope readers of The Indepen
dent will remember them with gen
erous orders for merchandise. Send
an order by mail for anything that
you need. Mention Th6 Independent
and you will get full value for your
money.
John L. Logan, Oakdale, Cal.: I am
a full grown populist and have been
ever since I voted for J. B. Weaver
and all along the line up to Bryan
the second time. I am an old veteran
soldier and never have yet forsaken
the cause The Independent advocates.
Objects to Slang.
Editor Independent: And now, Mr.
Editor, I don't wish to dictate whit
you should put into your paper, o'
what you should keep out But your
word, "mullet head," I would here
after eliminate from the paper and all
other words that have no argument in
them. Slang and blackguard I think
are very slow in educating people that
have opposite views. It is too much
like President Roosevelt's campaign
speeches, wheu he stooped to argu
ments like these words: Popocratk
ixhibits, The free coinage nerfidv."
"Political popocratic proprieties of the
Chicago platform platitudes," "Picture
charcoal created into sound money, '
"Bryanized ratio," "Melt the purse
strings of strong-hearted capitalists."
Well, this is but a small part of Roose
velt's arguments. It would be better to
never have been printed.
O. H. SMITH.
Little Valley, N. Y.
(There is no other term that so ex
actly describes the man who shouted
for dear money and high prices. If
The Independent were to carefully
eliminate everything which might of
fend some person, it would have no
more influence than any of the flat,
stale and unprofitable sheets that disa
up "sick toast" for invalid and athlete
alike. The term "mullet head" is a
household necessity. It is a shoe that
ought to hurt no one's foot unless he is
really entitled to wear it Ed. Ind.)
An Old-Time Whig
Editor Independent: Enclosed find
postoffice order for your splendid pa
per, The Independent. My grand
father fought in the revolution, 1V7P.
and my father was at Orleans under
Jackson and helped to slaughter the
British. I was an old whig and vote i
ior Ben and Everett and protested
against secession. I was a candidate
against Governor Ireland of Texas for
a seat in secession convention on ths
union ticket and. got. beat. My re
maining in the south necessitated my,
going into the army :"so I fit It out'
I will enter my eightieth year on the
morning of the-22nd" about daylight.
How do I know the time of day?:
Well, I was there,'.' as was the little
Irishman. Pardon this letter, but send'
the paper. S. N. ELLIOTT. :
Bentonville, Ark.
L. Darling, Sedgwick, Colo.: I en
close one dollar for renewal. I havo.
taken The Independent for eleven
years and must have it while time
lasts.
5 "CI IB"
lilt
SHERIFF
The gentlemanly and obliging
sheriff of Lancaster county
would not grant us a day's time.
He insisted that we move forth
with. We could not do it as
soon as he thought we should,
so he ran our business for us for
a couple of days.
The store at the present time
looks like well, like the china
store after his bovine majest7
had taken a few trips around the
interior of it.
The stock is badly mixed up,
but today we will have every
thing in shape to do business.
We cannot quote prices today
we are too busy but we have
concluded to cut the price of ev
er, thins that has gone through
the wreck the goods are all O
K., but the packages or cartoons
are scuffed. Come in and get the
bargains.
Yes, we still sell nine five
cent cigars for 25c.
Cut Rate
PHARMACY
j 13210 Stat
ANNO
UNCEMENTS.
ILUHOIS CENTRAL R. R. :
fjuHRDI GRAS lftbTifiZmyi.
V lOT it excursion rates will"
be in effect to New Orleans on Fpeciie dates
which your local ticket agent will be able to
ncnise you.
NEW ORLEANS t
A deliarhtfiiltv mlm.
city for the tourist to
i it i t .. . """" luunsi
rates now in effect. Donble daily pervie o end
fjtat. fitfIlfri-ll1ITfi Vt.ilinl f.ain..;t. At L
- " . . .. uuuin TTJt.ll IA1IVJIIII
fcleepingears, buflet-librry smokiiarfrTiee
and all meals en route in dining ear. Ask for
an illustrated book on Kew Orleans. . . ,-
Through "Dixie Flyer" Sleeping
v ar uiu3, iv. liouw io J aek son-
fi hrim i
n r i.11, nd Cbicaero to Jaekeon
Tille. Konte Tia NashTille, Chattaaoogn and
PAI inflDfcHA ,Pe"nally conducted Week.
uALIrUrilllA Excursion tars tbrnugh
r, , ,, L! Anls and Sen
Francisco aa follow: i, New Orleans and
the Southern Route etery Wednesday from ''hi
cagp; every Tuesday and Friday from Cincin
nati. Via Omaha and the Scenic Koute every
Friday night from hicago.
KOTSPUGMRK. Ssftjaa'
. . . Chicago and.
Hot Springs, carried on the rntral's fast Full
man vestibule "Limited" train. Send for book
describing this most interesting xif health and
pleasure resorts.
HQMESEEKERS SeriM
... , , Central Railroad Com
pany is issuing monthly circulars concerning
fruit growing, vegetable gardening, utock raia-
,iS,?"riT3r,,,''tc,'JP tha ates of Kentncir
VVest Tennessee, Mismsiw-i and Lonisiani
Fvery Farmer or Homeseoker. who will forward
his name and address will be mailed free Cirrn
1 Sos.1, ST, 3, 4, 5 and 6. and others a Aher.
published from month to month, on application
to J. F. Merry, A. Q. P. A., I.e. R. RC
Full Particulars SeSL0Sa2
Illinois Central, or by addressing thfne.rest of
Urn undersigned representatives of tha ''Cen-
Ua J' ? uerrvVp. a f,Chi"o. Ill,
J. F. MERRY, G. p. A,, Dubuque, Iowa.
ST
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