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About The independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1903)
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT,
JANUARY 1, 1903.
FOWLER VS. FLANAGAN
Mr. ! yi. Mr. Bryan-Gold v. Silver
Bask Motes vs. Greenbscki Review
of Mr. Lease's Book
Editor independent: I am, now. In
Mr. Fowler's district' ' I find one or
two more facts that may be of interest
to your readers. For instance, Mr. E.
E. Potter, an old-time greenbacker,
made an arrangement with the demo
crats of the district to stump for
Flanagan , and to speak against the
Fowler bill as the best method of get
ting votes away from Fowler and de
livering them to Flanagan. The next
arrangement was for Mr. Grover Cleve
land to be invited to speak at Morris
town, the most central part of the
district, and, as a part of the pro
gram, Mr. Potter was to be invited to
sit on the platform. But Potter found
that he could not sit on the same
platform" with Cleveland and, there-
4Vitn nni4 r9 4 i n vvn n cram anf Vi 1 A
y to be omitted.
It was very wise in Potter to re
fuse to have anything to do with a
meeting, at which Cleveland was to
be the chief actor. Their politics was
antagonistic on both the tariff and the
currency. Having been an old-time re
publican before the civil war, Potter
was in favor of protection; and, after
the war, having separated from the
republicans on the financial or cur
rency question, he could not listen ap
provingly to a sermon on free trade
or tariff for revenue only, especially
' if the "gold standard" had to be add
ed to the dose. Consequently Mr.
Cleveland had to make his speech with
nobody but the old "dyed-in-the-wool"
democrats to listen, that is, the demo
crats and their ancestors, who, before
the civil war, had been brought up in
the faith of tariff for revenue only
and cheap negro ; slave labor, two
things that used to go well together.
Mr. Fowler opened the campaign,
on his part, early by sending out a
document in the form of a local news
paper, filled with the details of his
offer, to give $150,000 towards erecting
a free public library in the city of
Elizabeth, the city of his home. I
understood, from one of his oppo
nent's living in the said city of Eliza
beth that Fowler always made this
offer when he was running for con
gress. I don't know whether this
1 story , is true or not, but it at ieast
illustrates h6w the people of his own
town talk about him, when he is run
ning for office. , I have no doubt that
Mr. Flanagan would have been will
ing to give the same amount of mon
ey to his town of Morristown for a
free public library, , if he tad thought
that this would make him , a con
gressman. For, 1 instead of spending
his money in this way, it is reported,
that he divided his "boodle" into lots
and distributed them among the lit
tle local bosses in the various towns
and villages; and that they, instead
. of putting it where it would do the
most goodly getting up public meet
ings and lecturing the people through
Mr. Potter and others on the Fowler
bill and "tariff reform.'; spent the
money in the "gin mills;" or some por
tion of it, the rest, the greater part,
remaining in the pockets of the
bosses. - , . , .. . .
" The next move of Mr. Fowler was to
seai out a pamphlet containing all the
newspaper notices of his bill, the ad
verse criticisms being omitted. This
was in the summer soon after con-
part of the "country, received a copy,
but it was all Greek to them, be
cause not one in a thousand had heard
of the Fowler bill; and a smaller num
ber cared, any thing about it (if they
happened to take interest enough to
ask for an explanation and what it
was). The result was,. that the argu
ment, so far as there was any, turned
on Mr. Cleveland's ; ' "tariff . reform,'
which did apt come until the last
week of the campaign. . Mr, Cleveland
went from Princeton to Morristowa in
a special cars .for- himself, made his
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speech and went away the next morn
Ing in the same. No votes were made,
as the result showed. Fowler car
ried the district by 1,200, although'
many thought that he could not be
elected, on account of dissension in
his own party, that is, in his own
town. This dissension was probably
more personal than anything else, for
I believe that Fowler fairly repre
sents 4he political sentiment of his
party! he has certainly made a faith
ful study of the tariff and currency;
and, if he is wrong on these points,
he is honestly wrong.
Fowler's small majority shows that
he will have to fight hard for his seat
in 1904. It will be Protection vs. Rev
During the summer I met, here,
for the first time, Mrs. Mary Eliza
beth Lease. I suppose she is better
known in the west than here. Two or
three weeks ago she made an address
befon the federation of women's
clubs of New Jersey, and is becoming
favorably known to the women of the
east' She is living in New York city
and is lecturing and enlarging her
acquaintance through her books. Her
book, entitled "The Problem of Civ
ilization Solved," is a unique affair,
something different from anything I
have ever seen. It is socialistic in its
tendencies, and yet very different from
any socialistic literature I have ever,
as yet, met with. The chapter en
titled "The American Party," gives us
the substance of the book. I quote as
1. "We are rea,dy for a new move
ment. Let us lay aside our prejudices,
and unite in a patriotic effort to raise
the masses of mankind in the scale of
humanity. Arbitration of national dis
putes. 2. "Let us place America at the
head of a federated continent. The
United States the leader.
3. "Let us inaugurate the most
stupendous migration of races the
world has ever known, and raise the
Caucasian above want, despair and an
archism by giving a home to the
homeless on a tropical plantation, and
thus forever put an end to poverty.
Tenants, but no slaves.
4. "Let us for the time being
merge our republicanism, our dem
ocracy and populism in the one grand
movement of Americanism. Govern
ment aid to colonists.
5. "Nationalize the railroads, tele
graphs and all labor-saving machin
ery and end the cause of industrial
strikes and business disquietude.
6. "Free trade in federated Ameri
ca and tariff on alien products will
solve the problem of the tariff.
7. "Free coinage of American gold
end silver, and the issue of treasury
notes, redeemable by taxation, will
settle the financial problem. Bimetal
lism in the ratio of 16 to 1.
8. "The initiative and referendum
system of voting will, banish lobbyists
and boodlers and give untrammeled
freedom to public opinion.
9. "No free coinage of silver or
gold, unless the metal is mined in
America. This is the doctrine advo
cated by McKinley. (A doctrine that
ought not to deceive anybody, although
McKinley was deceived or misled by
These propositions constitute the
gist of the book of 376 pages. The
leading idea running all through, from
beginning to end, is a mixture of the
races of the north and south, a grand
idea, but it cannot be carried Out in a
peaceful or commercial way, as she as
sumes.. It must be done by war. Rome
united all races, but it was done by
war. A strong race of warlike peo
ple conquered the others less pow
erful. ' Rome became the ruler, be
cause she was more powerful in war.
War was a business as politics is now
a business. Everything was fair in
war as everything is now fair in poli
tics. Our politics is now almost as
barbaric and destructive as was the
military system of Rome.
The present British empire has been
built up by war. It has required
about three centuries to do it '
The United States, .at 'the present
time, is an empire. It commenced in
1803, when. Thomas Jefferson acquired
Louisiana, done as a War measure.
Jefferson saw that we could not be at
peace with Europe, unless the United
States controlled the Mississippi river;
and we bought Louisiana, because we
had a chance to buy it cheap, cheaper
than Ave could take it by force. We
would have taken it anys way, because
we could not live and expand without
Louisiana. We acquired the Pacific
slope by war with Mexico, in the
Florida was acquired by war be
tween 1812 and 1821, having previous
ly been controlled by Spaniards ,-jnd
afterwards by the British for nearly
three hundred years. It changed hands
several times and always by war.
Colonization was impossible without
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WHAT IS YOUR REMEDY FOR THE TRUSTS?
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--..-e, ... "y..w.o, u.its v,icic uuu punt lac views or ten
thousand people regarding: the cause and cure for the trust evil. State vour ideas pointedly Tell
the whole story in not more than two hundred words. Write plain. What causes trusts tariff
Treight discriminations, or what? What is the remedy free trade, tariff for revenue, protection'
gov trument ownership, populism, socialism, single lax, or Jeffersonian democracy? Give your idea
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study this subject , '
Box 2431. THE INDEPENDENT. Lincoln, Nebraska.
war. When the Spaniards had Flor
ida, the English rad to leave; and
when the English had it the Snan-
iards had to leave. When the United
States took it, Americans went in.
Colonization from the northern
states of our union to the southern
states is now going on, but it is the
result of the great civil war of 1861-5.
Previous to this time there was an
"irrepressible conflict" between the
north and the south. The people of
the north could not go south until the
north had conquered the south in the
great conflict of the civil war, nor
could the people of the south go
north, because they wanted to go with
their slaves, which the laws of the
northern states did not permit
All history shows that races cannot
be mad., to colonize without war. Ve
don't understand each other, on ac
count of differences of language. The
want of an understanding causes war.
If it had been intended by Providence
that we should live without war. all
peoples would speak the same language.
The chapter on finance furnishes
food for reflection. Mrs. Lease differs
from Mr. Bryan, and, yet, they agree
on some points. Mr. Bryan believes in
t'.metallism: so does Mrs. Lease. Brv-
an believes in legal tender treasury
notes for paper money instead of oank
notes; so does Mrs. Lease. Bryan be
lieves that the treasury notes shouTd
be made redeemable with coin, either
gold or silver coin. Mrs. Lease does
not believe that the treas. notes should
be made redeemable in coin alne,
but "redeemable by taxation" as well,
that is, receivable for taxes. Here is
a great difference. It is a radical dif
ference. Mrs. Lease believes that the
mints should be opened to free coinage
of both gold and silver in the ratio of
16 to 1, (provided the gold and sil
ver bullion comes from the mines of
America), but she does not believe that
the coins should be used as "redpmn-
tion money," but only as ordinary
money, not money any more than
treasury notes (greenbacks) are mon
ey. She insists that the only redemp
tion of treasury notes should be by
receiving them for taxes. Mrs. Lease's
system is all very well, as far as it
goes, but it does not go far enough.
She does not provide any method lim
iting the quantity of treasury notes.
Here is a ratal mistake The treasury
notes must be limited or they will be
worthless, at least they will have no
definite value. Nobody will be able
to predict their value or to assert any
value for them. If, for instance, the
United States should issue treasury
notes for our paper money, and
should make them as abundant as the
autumn leaves are now, they vrould
have very little value. The essence
of money is in its limitation. I used
to think that the essence of monej is
in the legal tender power or qualifica
tion; but if we make legal tender as
abundant as water, then legal tender
or money will have no more value
than water. To say that money i3
anything that is a legal tender for all
debts including taxes, is almost equiv
alent to saying that money is money.
Del Mar said, the essence of money
is its limitation, and, in so saying,
he declared a great truth. We shall
never be able to get a good paper
money, unless ve provide some way,
by which it must be limited in quan
tity. This we can do by appointing
(or An some way constructing) a com
mission, with power to regulate its
quantity. Mr. Bryan, seeing this, pro
poses to issue only so much paper
money as can be redeemed with coin.
This is the bank method of regulating
paper money; the difference between
the banks and Mr. Bryan being that
the former propose to have all the pa
per money (consisting of bank notes)
redeemable with coin; while Bryan
proposes to have the paper money
(consisting of United States treasury
notes) redeemed with gold or silver
coin. The one system will require the
banks to keep gold on hand for pur
poses of redemption of their notes
while the other system wil require'
the government to keep a large amount
of gold or silver on hand for redeem
ing treasury notes.
It will be noticed that banks pro
pose to keep nothing but gold coin
for redeeming their notes ( they be
ing opposed to free coinage of sil
ver), while Bryan proposes that the
government shall keep both gold and
silver coin on hand for redeeming
treasury notes, (he being opposed to
the issuance of any bank notes); and
that the paper money shall consist of
treasury notes exclusively.
Mrs. Lease is inconsistent in favor
ing bimetallism or. monometallism be
cause neither gold nor silver coins are
necessary for purposes of redemption
if treasury notes are to be redeemed
by receiving them for taxes. Bryan
is consistent (or would be) in favor
ing either monometallism or bimetal
lism, because, according to his syS.
tem, treasury notes are to be redeem
ed with coin, that is, either gold or
silver coin (at the option of the gov
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