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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 7, 1910)
U a quick and positive remedy for all
coughs. It atoqs coughing spells at night
relieve the soreness, soothes the irrita
ted membrane and stoqs (he tickling.
It is an ideal preparation for children
as it containes no harmful anodynes or
25c per bottle
12th and O'St.
-rwfvs ; v to
DR. R. L. BENTLEY,
Office Hours 1 to 4 p. m.
Office 21 18 O St. Both Phones
Dr. Chas. Yungblut
No. 202 Dentist
AUTO. PHONE 3416. BELL 656
LINCOLN, -:- NEBR.
Money to loan
Plenty of it. Utmost Secrecy.
Kelly & Norris
129 So. 1 1th St.
Trade Unionism Flourishes De
MASTERS ALL OBSTACLES.
on household goods, pianpa, hor
ses, etc.; long or short time, No
charge for papers. No interest
in advance. No publicity or til
papers. We guarantee better
toima than others make. Money
paid immediately. OOL.UHBIA
Loan go. 127 south 12th.
FOR SHORTER WORKDAY.
American League Says That Working
Tim Limit Is Chief Issue.
The Eight Hour League of America
has issued a call for co-operation, in
which it says: "The Eight Hour
League of America desires to call
your attention to the possibilities of
the eight hour workday as the para
mount issue In the presidential election
of 1012. No greater question con
fronts Atnericau statesmen than how
to provide opportunity for all who
wish to make an honest living. Tlie
universal eight hour workday Is the
most practicul solution of the problem.
It was the opposition of the party in
power to the extension of the eight
hour workday favored by the Atneri
cau Federation of Lubor thnt com
pelled that- orgyilzntion ,to enter the
political arena. v
"The demand for the eight hour
workday furnishes the basis upon
which all the progressive forces of the
nation can unite as well as the ground
on which all labor, organized and un
organized, can combine. It is an issue
they thoroughly understand and know.
Its adoption will benefit all business
and improve the condition of the
working masses by shortening their
hours of labor, raising wages- and
making it less difficult to secure em
ployment. It will enable them to
stand together and present a united
frout in opposition to those who are
- endeavoring to fasten a system of in
dustrial slavery on the wealth pro
ducers of the country."
Record of the Labor Movement Justi
fies Faith In Its Continued Progress.
Ultimate Organization of All Work
In the writings and speech of some
men of lubor 1 have noticed a vein ol
pessimistic discouragement which it
seems to me is not warrauted by facta
or conditions as they apply to organ
ized labor today, writes G. W. Per
kins in the American Federationlst.
It Is true that we have received
many hard jolts from some courts,
some judges. Injunctions, judge made
laws, damage suits, etc., and a hostile
congress within the last few years,
but the membership has increased and
is still Increasing.
It is true that we have been as
sailed by the National Manufacturers'
association, with its "open shoppers;"
by a hostile and indifferent press, which
has fed the public on half truths and
all of our faults and 'none of our vir
tues and splendid work. But what of
it? The old timer expects this and
remains with undaunted courage, re
fusing to surrender. And why? He
knows the past; he has seen and expe
rienced greater opposition and perse
cution when he had to fight almost
single handed and has seen the move
ment grow and prosper beneath it.
Thirty-five, forty and fifty years ago
it was held to be a crime to even
organize. Members of unions were ar
rested under alleged conspiracy laws,
common laws and any old law. tried,
convicted and sent to jail for even ask
ing for an increase of wages. They
did not wait for a strike in tho-so
days; they went after the workers
right on the jump.
Formerly organized labor was ignor
ed, humiliated, browbeaten, bulldozed
and its members looked upon as worse
than outlaws. Manufacturers' asso
ciations existed. Courts. Judges, pub
lic officials, police, PInkertons and the
militia were hostile and bitter in their
opposition, and the general public
looked on with indifference or with
approval and satisfaction over the per
secution. Wages were low, hours long, condi
tions frightful, with no rights for the
workers that anybody was bound to
or did respect.
Despite all of this, the trade union
movement has steadily grown in pow
er, strength, usefulness and numbers
and has the respect and confidence of
a large portion of the general public.
The fierce attack we are now under
going, in which courts. Judges, congress.
presidents and others have been drawn
in and have taken a hand in, is : de
cided compliment to the stability,
worth, effectiveness and usefulness of
the present trade union movement. It
Justifies our faith in the soundness of
the movement, our policies and leader
ship and argues well for the future.
The record of the trade union move
ment, which under the severest oppo
sition and relentless persecution bus
overcome and mastered all obstacles
from within and without, proves that
we will successfully combat and final
ly muster all opposition, regardless of
what It may be in the future. It jus
tifies an optimistic outlook and means
success. The methods, plans, work
and policies of the past, chunged only
to meet changing conditions, such as
experience and ripe Judgment may jus
tify. If adhered to in the future, will
surely bring success and the final or
ganization of all workers.
The onlv danger, and that of a tern
porary i;re, that can overtake us Is
the itnpiitlence. discouragement and
lack of faith in the movement in the
minds and hearts of some, caused by
the present onslaught.
The same undaunted courage, per
sistence and determination that have
characterized the men of action in the
past are still with us and will carry for
ward the work despite all opposition
Just as surely in the future as in the
The. trade union movement has rais
ed wages, shortened the hours of la
bor, improved the sanitary condition
of the. shop, factory and mine, abolish
ed the truck system, decreased dis
eases. Increased the length of life of
its members, stood the workers on
their feet facing in the right direction
and fighting for more and has accom
plished countless other benefits.
The record speaks for Itself and
proves that the trade union movement
is on, the right track and justifies op
timistic hope and confidence. Faith,
honesty and a rugged determination
will carry us on to final success.
Suggestion That They Be Created by
President Wright of the Illinois
State Federation of Labor makes a
proposal which. Is worthy of sympa
thetic consideration, says the Chicago
Tribune. He points out that if a de
partment of labor were created in the
state government It would co-ordinate
the work done now by several boards
and commissions, doing the work bet
ter and at considerable saving because
of this co-ordination. The factor)' in
spection, the free employment agen
cies and the bureau of labor statistics
are among these. Mr. Wright also
maintains thaj much of the statistical
work on accidents on railroads and
traction lines now done under the su
pervision of the railroad and ware
house commission could better be cur
ried on by a labor department which
would make a systematic report and
enable uniform comparison among all
forms of industrial accidents.
There is probably a good deal of
waste through the lack of this co-ordination,
which is inevitable where
new conditions developing from time
to time are met piecemeal by bureaus
or commissions. We are now in Illi
nois awakening to the interests and
needs of the industrial worker and the
vital Importance to the commonwealth
of conserving these interests and meet
ing these needs. Illinois, once an al
most exclusively agricultural commu
nity, has now a large industrial popu
lation, whose claims are substantial.
The widespread awakening to these
has reached us. and our laws and in
stitutions will be modified and extend
ed to cover adequately the new field.
Sanitation, housing, factory regulation,
employment, mine protection, accident
insurance and other phases of the in
dustrial problem should be dealt with
not at haphazard ' or under the pres
sure of political influence, but broadly
and scientifically as a part of our nor
mal machinery of government
Miners Get Advance.
Miners in the southwestern fields.
Which Include Missouri, Kansas, Ar
kansas and Oklahoma, receive an In
crease of 0.05 er cent on day work,
dead work and yardage. The miners
. also receive an increase of 3 cents a
ton on shooting coal and ah increase of
6 cents a ton on long wall work. The
arbitration clause was finally settled
by an agreement to leave all future
differences to W. L. A. Long, mine in
spector of Kansas. A penalization
clause provides that when the opera
tors elbse a mine they shall pay the
men $1 a day each during the time
it is closed, and the miners agree each
to pay the operators 50 cents a day
for the time they cause a mine to be
closed. The strike began more than
Dtp months ago.
ACCIDENTS IN INDUSTRY.
Responsibility For Injury to Workers
4Hard to Place Definitely.
In one year 520 men were killed by
accidents of employment in Allegheny
county. Pa., 195 steel workers, 125 rail
roaders, 71 miners and 135 miscellane
ous workers, including nousesmitns,
carpenters, electric linemen, elevator
men, teamsters and quarrymen. Of
these nearly half were American born,
70 per cent were workmen of skill and
training, and 80 per cent were under
forty years of age.
An analysis of these fatal accidents
according to personal responsibility
showed roughly this result: For 30 per
cent of the accidents no one was re
sponsible, for 30 per cent the workman
killed or his fellow workmen was re
sponsible, for 30 per cent the employer
or some one representing him Mr a po
sition of authority was responsible,
and for 10 per cent both employer and
workman were responsible.
While sometimes the workman's
carelessness is exasperating heedless
ness, oftener it is ignorance or Inat
tention, due to long hours nnd intensi
ty of work or recklessness inevitably
developed by a trade which requires
daring. While sometimes the employ
er's carelessness is deliberate disre
gard for safety in the construction of
his plant, oftener it is the human frail
ty of his agents, the hasty mistaken
orders of foremen or the putting off of
necessary repairs from day to day so
as not to delay the game an ordinary
outcome of competition. In short, one
must, conclude that these accidents sel
dom can be laid to the direct personal
fault of nny one. They happen more
or less Inevitably In the course of in
Suggestions For The Shivery Situations
We naturally expect October mornings and evenings to be
chilly merely a forerunner of the cold days and nights to come.
That calls to mind the question of cold weather clothing, and now is
the time to consider the proposition. What we want to impress upon
the minds of Lincoln Union Men is that we have the Largest and
Finest Selection of Union Made Clothing for Fall and Winter ever
brought to this section. We have sought the best makers, and have
secured the genuine bargains, and the bargains we offer now - our re
gular prices, by the way - will be the "bargain prices" others will offer
about January 1st, after their stocks have been pawed over and noth
ing but culls left. '
UNDERCLOTHING OF RIGHT WEIGHTS
Tastes differ in underclothing - some want heavy
ones for winter, some want medium, and some want ex
tremely light in weight but warm in texture. We ha
them all, all at the right price, and all worth just whajrwe
ask for them. Our splendid stock enables us to fit you
out "From Head to Foot" in the very best, and at prices
astonishingly low, compared with the values received by
our patrons. ' -
AT FROM $10. to $30.,
We offer a line of Clothing and Overcoats never
excelled in points of superiority, nor in real satisf action
giving value. The Wage Earners will find this store
the real headquarters for Genuine Bargains in all
kinds of Union Made Goods that men wear.
10th & OlStreets
UNION LABEL'S ORIGIN.
Barber Scale In San Francitco.
The San Francisco harhers' new
schedule Is as follows: Sixteen dollars
per week and CO per cent over $23. $17
per week and (10 per cent over $26,
$18 per week and 00 per cent over $28
or n flat rate of $21 per week. Any
day or part of u day. Saturdays. Sun
days, holidays and days before holi
days excepted. $: and 00 per cent, over
$5 Saturdays or any part. $r and fiO
per cent over $7. Saturday nnd Sun
day mornings or day before holidays
and holiday mornings. $7 and 00 per
cent over $10. Sunday mornings or
holiday mornings. S.'t nnd 00 per cent
over $4. ; Wednesday. Saturday and
Sunday mornings.' $10 and 00 per cent
over $15. ICvery evening from R p. m.
to H p. in and Saturday and Sunday
mornings. $13 and (in per cent over $20.
Every evening from .1 p in. to 8 p. m.
stid Wednesday. Saturday and Sunday
mornings. $1." nnd 00 per cent over $22.
To Restrict Immigration.
The government and organized labor
on the one side and leading citizens of
foreign birth on the other will in the
near future lock boms over an order
recenrly Jssued from Washington to
Immigrant inspectors to maintain a
most rigid examination of all aliens
with a view of checking the tide of
travel to congested cities, like Philadel
phia and New York. This order has
already resulted In strong protests from
Italian representatives in Philadelphia,
wlio have visited Washington to pro
test against the deportation of several
dozen Italian immigrants ordered de
barred within the Inst ten days."
Great Britain contains 207.513 wom
en unionists. - '
The Tittsburg Bolt and Screw com
pany will remove its plant to Gary.
Members of the National Window
Glass Workers succeeded In securing
wage advances during the past year
amounting to 53 per cent. .
Operators of lace machines in Not
tingham earn on the average $12.50
per week, while their assistants aver
age only from $2.50 to $5.
In Birmingham. England, a bonus of
1 ($4.80 is given to every motorman
for every three months that he goes
without an avoidable nccldenr.
In conformity with an "agreement
made a year ago the 10,000 street ear
men of Chicago now receive 29 cents
an hour This makes an increase of
from 40 to 7i per cent for the car men
since 1902 Next year 30 cents an hour
will be the maximum
The Anti-Japanese Laundry league
of Run Francisco reports that It Is
greater encouraged In its efforts b;.
numerous communications It received
from persons who write that they have
ceased patronizing Asiatics and have
transferred their patronage to white
Device of Trade Unionism First Used
We are indebted to the Johns Hop
kins Press for a copy of a monograph
on "The Trade Union Label," by Dr.
Ernest It. Spedden, in which he traces
its origin, says the New York Times.
The device was first generally used in
1S75 as a result of competition in San
Francisco between Chinese aud white
cigarmakers. Dr. Spedden is inform
ed by Miss Lucile Eaves of the Uni
versity of Nebraska that in 1SG9 the
Carpenters' Eight Hour league of San
Francisco hud used a stamp-on prod
ucts of planing mills in which i the
eight hour rule obtained, and he thinks
possibly the cigarmakers profited by
the example of the carpenters.
In testimony given before the con
gressional committee of 1870-7 the
device was referred to by one of the
union witnesses as a "stamp." but the
term "union label" was soon in vogue,
and by 1878 fifty cigar manufacturers
were using it in a concerted effort to
drive out the cheap Chinese labor.
The Cigarmakers' Official Journal of
January, 1S7D, records that the label
had then come' into use by at least one
From Us employment in San Fran
cisco the label spread among unions
in many occupations and to the chief
countries of Europe and Australia.
Tbe attempt to Identify the label with
the "hall mark" of the mediaeval
guilds has failed, in Dr. Spedden's
opinion. The hall marks were merely
certificates of genuineness and had
nothing to do with labor struggles'and
boycotts. The union label is distinc
tively In its origin a device of Ameri
can trade unionism.
Fined For Importing Aliens.
The largest judgment ever entered
by a United States court In favor of
the government growing out of a pros
ecution for attempting to bring alien
laborers Into the country in violation
of law has been reported to the depart
ment of commerce nnd labor from Tuc
son. Ariz., where the jury rendered a
verdict of $45,000. This was $1,000.
the penalty fixed by statute, for each
forty-five aliens whom it was attempt
ed to import. The defendant In the
suit, was a construction company in
Socialist Candidates Lose.
The Socialist slate was defeated at
the recent annual election of the Chi
cago Federation of Labor. All of the
six Socialist "candidates for positions
In the orgiiniaztlon were beaten over
whelmingly. Opposition to the com
pensation feature of the employers'
liability, commission, which adjourned
recently without action, is given an
the reason for their defeat.
. . ,.
i factory)- J
THE .LINCOLN SHOE CO.
Has opened at 1144 O St.
with a complete line of the Best
Made shoes for Men, Women,
Boys and Girls. -Our
Policy is Economical.
We perf er to sell ten pairs
of shoes at ten cents a pair profit rather than sell one
pair at 75 cents prof its.
We carry a Large Line of Union Made Shoes.
Call and inspect our Shoes and Prices.
See Our Show Windows Shoes for Everybody
Lincoln Shoe Co.
1144 O Street
The above signs, neatly printed
on heavy cardboard, for sale at
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