The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-????, September 23, 1910, Image 8

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    Named for Lincoln
Made in Lincoln
s- t- o u k s-
Demand Liberty Flour and take no other. If your grocer
does not handle it, phone us about it.
Once Tried Always Used
Little Hatchet Flour
Made from Select Nebraska Hard Wheat
mTaum 145 So. 9th St.. LINCOLN, NEB.
All Shoes Without the Union Stamp are Non-Union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the UNION STAMP
Boot and Shoe Workers Union
246 Sumner St, Boston, Mass.
First Trust
Owntd by Stockholders off tha First National Bank
Tenth and O Streets Lincoln, Nebraska
Ball 348, Auto 2S3S
Underwood Typewriter Co.
137 North
The Dr. Benj. F. Baily Sanatorium
for noa-eontagtona chronic diaeaaeav. Largest, beat
equipped, moat beautifully furniabed.
Test of the Oven
Test of the Taste
Test of Digestion
Test of Quality
Test of Quantity
Test if Time,
Measured by Every
Test it Proves Best
Named Shoes are Often Made
in Non-Union Factories.
Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what the name unless
it bears a plain and readable
impression of this Union Stamp.
Savings Bank s
Oliver Theatre Blag.
13th Street
Denmark's Plan of Compensa
tion For Accident.
8yatem Provide For Prompt Relief.
Protects Crippled Workers' Depend
ents From Want Government Passes
on Claims.
Id view of the interest now being
taken in workmen's compensatiou and
employers' liability laws, the follow
ing Information as to how the subject
is handled in Denmark will be inter
esting: By a system of compulsory
insurance the workmen's Interests are
safeguarded without litigation. The
consumer practically pays the insur
ance premium, it being included by the
employer in estimating the cost of
The advantages of the Danish law
are: (1) Absolute protection of the
workingman: (2) avoidance of all liti
gation connected with injuries re
ceived from accidents: (3) the knowl
edge on the part of the employer that
so long as the Insurance is paid he
need fear no losses from damage suits,
etc.: (4) if a workingman is injured
those depending on him are protected
from such want or privation as might
be caused by the cessation of his
wages. The settlements are made
promptly, and the sufferer and bis de
pendents are caused as little incon
venience as possible.
If a workingman engaged In any of
the employments covered by the law
suffers an accident which has tempo
rarily or continually decreased his
working capacity he is insured against
the sustained loss of his working
capacity. If the accident causes death
and the workman leaves a widow she
is entitled to the insurance if the mar
riage took place before the accident
and they had not ceased to live to
gether. ;
If the workman does not leave a
widow who is entitled to the insur
ance his children are entitled to it
if he was liable for their support or
did support them at the time the ac
cident took place. If the workman
leaves neither wife nor children it will
i be decided by a council whether the
insurance shall be due to others who
at the time of the accident were sup
ported by the workman. The same
rules apply to female employees who
leave children or others supported by
Survivors who at the time of the
accident did not live In Denmark have
not the right to claim compensation.
For the settlement of all questions
arising under this law a council bas
been established, consisting of a chair
man appointed by the king, two mem
bers likewise appointed by the king, of
whom one shall be a doctor, two em
ployers appointed by the minister of
the interior and two workmen of those
trades included in this law.
The council decides as soon as pos
sible after notice of any case
First Whether the case reported In
volves any claim under the accident
insurance law.
Second Whether such facts are
present as will determine the nature
of the compensation. I '
Third The amount of the compensa
tiou which is due to the survivors.
The decisions of the council as to the
first question may be appealed to the
minister of the Interior, while those
under the second and third cannot be
Amounts decreed by .the council are
to be paid to that body within four
teen days and are at once paid to the
person in question. In some Instances
the council may decide that an annuity
be bought for the money, in which
case the annuity is paid direct to the
annuitant. Daily payments and burial
expenses are always paid direct to the
According to the last annual report
of the council, made to the minister
of the interior and published, the num
ber of cases of accident reported and
dealt with by the council In 1008
amounted to 2.893. of which 425 were
not considered, as they were found
not to involve any claim according to
the law: in 1.365 of them the person
in question fully regained bis working
capacity, and fifty-eight cases resulted
in death, in seventeen of the latter
the deceased did not leave any person
who was found entitled to the Insur
jiuee. and the funeral expense mil?
were paid. In the remaining forty -on
cases beneficiaries were found and
130,400 crowns ($34,947) were paid In
addition to the funeral expenses.
Labor Gossip.
A campaign has been started to or
ganize the tobacco workers of the Do
minion of Canada.
The International Typographical un
ion voted to meet next year at San
Francisco. It will be the fifty-seventh
annual convention.
In spite of last year's trade depres
sions Id Austria the Kallwuy Men's
union In that country has Increased Its
membership from 58,000 to 02.OU0.
The twenty-fifth annual convention
of the Massachusetts state , branch.
American Federation of Labor, will be
held at Hibernian hall. Worcester. Oct.
The potters of Trenton have de
manded a general increase of 10 per
cent In wages In various forms and
the installation of more modern meth
ods for Improving working conditions,
such as dust preventing devices. The
present working agreement expires
Nov.' 1.
Power of the Press Used by a 8ettle
ment to Settle a Strike.
Rochester can boast of unique set
tlement activities. In 1907 Florence
Ledyard Cross started a small house
keeping center in the Italian quarter.
A bureau of information and protec
tion for foreigners was afterward add
ed, which has just taken a prominent
part In settling a strike of Italian la
borers. On January the union notified the
contractors that laborers on street and
sewer Jobs would not work after May
1 for less than 25 cents an hour. The
notice was ignored, and on June 9 a
strike was called. The strike and the
part the bureau took are well de
scribed by Richard KItchelt in the
"At first people who had been criti
cising the Italians for their low stand
ard of living criticised them now for
trying to better their condition by the
only means at their command. Groups
of strikers were attacked by the po
lice. Some men were shot and others
arrested. The cases of these latter
were twice postponed in spite of their
desire ' for a speedy trial, and they
were finally discharged for lack of evi
dence. Arbitration through Italian law
yers was tried, but with no success.
"In this extremity some of the strik
ers' executive board turned to the bu
reau for help. Miss Cross called to
gether a committee of prominent citi
zens and laid before them through the
testimony of the workmen themselves
the importance of a speedy and just
termination of the strike. It was
shown that the wages of the laborers
averaged $6.50 a week, an amount in
adequate to maintain a family in
health and strength: that the city was
being injured by a continually lower
ing standard of living: that the injec
tion into the community of irresponsi
ble strike breakers was a menace to
the public peace and welfare.
"The newspapers were induced to
print the truth about the strikers.
Public sentiment gradually changed in
favor of the workmen. Petitions from
residents and shopkeepers along torn
np streets were laid before the mayor.
At last, after the strike had continued
four weeks, the contractors consented
to a conference, which resulted in an
immediate increase of a cent an hour
land an agreement to arbitrate the
wage scale before the next season's
contracts were entered into."
Changes In Existing Laws to Be Sub
. mitted to Referendum.
The convention of the International
Typographical union at Minneapolis
last month suggested some changes in
the present laws which, if adopted by
the referendum, will at least simplify
matters very materially. One of the
suggestions was a change in the meth
od of collecting dues. The method now
in force is an assessment of a certain
percentage upon the earning capacity
of a member. The change in proce
dure would make a fixed charge of $1
per month. Another change graduates
the mortuary fund so that members of
one year or less shall receive'$50, two
years $100, three years $150, five
years $200 and over five years $250.
The old age pension substitute was
also actpd on favorably., Under It a
totally disabled member, who there-
j fore would be ineligible to the privi
leges of the Union Printers' home.
I shall be directly entitled to the regu
! lar pension.
A proposition to erect a $100,000
headquarters building at Indianapolis
was adversely acted on. but a further
proposition to hold the annual conven
tions at the headquarters city instead
of hini.i'droming about the country
was sent back to the subordinate
unions for discussion until next year's
convention. Another resolution that
will come before the referendum is the
fixing of the salaries of the president
and secretary-treasurer at 83.000 a
year. They now receive $2,100. The
executive, board was Instructed to
make a generous contribution to the
American Tuberculosis society to aid
In the fight against consumption.
Resignations In Advance.
If Fred Shane and James P Egan.
organized labor candidates, are elected
to represent Lucas county in the Ohio
senate and lower branch of the assem
bly respectively about the first thing
they will do thereafter will be to write
their own resignations. The resigna
tions, under blank date, will be ad
dressed to the governor of Ohio, but
will be held by the officers of the To
ledo labor congress. If the Toledo,
laiior congress decides thai Its repre
sentatives In the lawmaking body of
the state ever cease to be real repre
sentatives of the cause of the workers
the right of recall will be exercised.
The made in advance resignations will
be forwarded to the chief executive of
the state, the offices will become va
rant and the ousted legislators repu
diated by the voters who elected them.
A German Labor Leader.
The active leader of the German
movement is Herr C. Legien. He is a
wood turner by trade and has been
president of the German Federation
of Trade Unions for twenty years. He
has been ii member of the reichstag
for twelve years. He is a writer of
rare ability and is the author of an
almanac on the labor movement of the
world, which Is published each year
In' German. French and English.
Make Agitator Show Label.
Whenever you hear a union man
damning a "scab" ask him to show
the label in his hat. If it Is there
then he may be somewhat justified
to continue. If it is not there the
gentleman is out of order.