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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1910)
ACCIDENT AND THE LAW.
Kansas Courts Decide a Case Against
Tony Caspar, a laborer In a Kansas
scrap iron works, was ordered by his
foreman, says the Survey, to throw a
belt on a shaft pulley. To do so he
bad to mount a nine foot ladder, which
broke and threw him to his death on
machinery unguarded because seldom
approached by workmen. The case
was decided for Caspar's widow and
appealed by the defendants on the
two grounds that theirs was not a
manufacturing establishment and that
even if it were the New York law. on
which the Kansas statute requiring
the protection of dangerous machin
ery was modeled, had been interpreted
by the courts to apply only to machin
ery used by workmen in the ordinary
course of their work. N
The opinion recently delivered" by
the supreme court of Kansas holds
that a business where scrap iron is
converted, as the evidence showed it
was here, into certain specified lengths
and forms suitable to be sold to mills
comes within the statutory definition
of a factory. Furthermore, the pur
pose of the factory act is "to preclude
a roving quest for the meaning of
words" and to give them such a wide
interpretation as would "protect work
ing people from mutilation, physical
deformity, pain, mental anguish and
death occasioned by the absence of
practical safeguards from the environ
ment of their toil."
As for the second defense, the court
holds that the New York decision
"proceeds upon the same lines as if the
statute did not exist," and the worker
was protected only by the ordinary
reasonable precautions demanded by
the common law.
The Kansas court feels that such
rulings as that of the New York court
simply "fritter away serious efforts on
the part of the legislature to secure
factory workers against the barbari
ties of an Industrial system which has
been conducted with amazing prodi
gality of human life and limb."
Principle Has No Part In the
"Free Worker's" Makeup. '
WON MANY BENEFITS.
Terms on Which Cloakmakers Return
ed to Work.
After nine weeks of fierce struggle
the cloakmakers have returned to
work. The strike involved 80.000 toil
ers, 70,000 men and 10,000 women.
The union is victorious in a large de
gree. Higher wages and better hours
are obtained, sanitary conditions in
the workshops are guaranteed, and
many petty grievances have been ob
viated under the agreement reached.
But the union fails to get complete
recognition. There is a guarantee that
union standards will be maintained
and union men and women preferred
when workers are hired, but nonunion
workers are to labor side by side with
thom without objection from the union
as long as such workers are paid union
The agreement provides for a six day
week, nine hours a day. except the
sixth day. which shall be only five
hours, for wages ranging from $10 to
$25 a week and for higher rates for
It provides that no work shall be.
given out to be taken home and that
the cost of electric power furnished by
the manufacturers to run the machines
shall not be taken out of the salaries
of the workers, as was formerly done:
that week workers shall receive dou
ble pay for overtime. Each piece
worker Is to be paid as soon as the
work is examined and pronounced sat
isfactory, which must be done in a rea
sonable time. Payments are always to
be in cash.
Au arbitration board and sanitary
board with equal representation be
tween employers and employees and a
third member representing the public
MENACES TRUE LIBERTY.
Only Freedom the Unorganized Work
er Enjoys Is That of Destroying the
Benefits Won by the Union Toiler.
The Contract Shop.
"We are perfectly willing that those
of our 'workers who so desire shall be
long tat the union," say seemingly gen
erous employers, "but we will not deal
with the union leaders nor discriminate
against workers who do not join the
union. We do not wish to be dictated
to by the union, and we sympathize
with the liberty loving employee who
has the same feeling. We will employ
workers without regard to their re
ligious, economic or industrial affilia
This subtle appeal to the American
love of fair play and independence is
apt to make converts among those who
have not studied the practical working
out of the theory of the "open shop."
The worker who joins the trade
union does so in order that he or she
may not be absolutely "dictated to"
about wages, hours of labor, sanitary
conditions, etc., but may be able to
arrange through proper representatives
a fair business agreement, made se
cure by a signed contract legally bind
ing on both employer and employed.
The worker who does not join the
union, on the other hand, signifies his
willingness to be "dictated to" by the
employers as to terms of labor terms
subject to changes overnight, with no
legal redress for overtime, bad sani
tary conditions, low wages and unfair
and rude treatment
Is it not plain to the most casual
observer that in a shop where the non
union worker Is willing to leave all
questions regarding terms of work to
the final authority of the firm, and the
union worker is unwilling to do so, the
nonunion worker will be favored and
the unionist must either yield to non
union terms or else be supplanted by
another nonunion worker who will ac
cept them? The much talked of "lib
erty of the individual worker" In the
open shop is thus shown to be the lib
erty to work under terms which are
decided upon by the employers alone
and "dictated to" the employed.
The hero or heroine who is a non
unionist on principle, fighting for the
right of the individual to sell his labor
in an "open shop," is harder to find
than the proverbial needle in the hay
stack. The real nonunionist is the
ignorant, cowardly or desperate work
er who does not dare to join the ranks
of the social spirited workers who are
struggling to elevate the whole of so
ciety by abolishing child labor, sweat
shops, tuberculosis tenements and the
other fundamental evils of our. present
so called civilization. The only free
dom the nonunion worker enjoys is the
freedom to break down the good con
ditions which have been secured by
trade unionists through generations of
self sacrificing effort. The only right
in which he is secure is the right to
trust his own welfare and that of his
fellow workers absolutely to the mercy
of his employers.
The closed shop is the only shop
where reasonable business terms can
be agreed upon by proper representa
tives of capital and labor. It has been
happily named by Miss Jane Addams
"the contract shop." This issue of
the "closed" or "contract shop" is the
issue which manufacturers refuse to
arbitrate. Surely public opinion must
continue to support those workers who
are standing for the right of the work
ers to secure fair conditions through
a trade agreement in a "contract shop."
Gertrude Barnurn In New York Call.
Labor Court In Germany.
The judiciary system of the German
empire has been ' extended, and ' a
branch has been created with jurisdic-,
tlon only in matters pertaining to the
compensation of injured workingmen.
The highest court is the court of ap
peals and consists of seven members,
one of whom is an employer and an
other an- employee. They are learned
in the law, aud three are representor
tives of the government. Trials before
the court of Industrial insurance ar4
conducted by laymen. The laborer is
represented by a workingman. usual
ly the .secretary of n trade union. In
all appeal cases the Injured laborers
are represented by an International
labor secretary for that purpose. He
Is Herman Muller. u lithographer, with
headquarters In Berlin. '
The Hatters' Case.
A transcript of the testimony in'
what has come to be known as the'
Danbury hatters' case. wherein the
Hatters' union was sued by D. B.
Lioewe & Co.. under the Sherman anti
trust act, to recover damages alleged
to have been sustained by the union's
boycott and a judgment for $222,000
was obtained against the latter has
been completed at New Haven. The
transcript makes five volumes, or 2.769
pages, and was used in the appeal that
has been eutered. The case will prob
ably be argued this fall. It began In
Growth of the Farmers' Union.
Six years ago the Farmers' union
had only 50,000 members: today it has
more than 300,000. Six years ago it
had no gins: now there are 6,000. Six
years ago it had no cotton warehouses;
now it has 2.000.' It had no fruit pack
ing plants: it now owns 000. It had no
representatives in the cotton market
of the world: now it has a representa
tive in every one. It had no financial
standing in the banks: it has now
twenty strong banks of its own and a
financial standing In every banking
center of America and Europe. It had
no system of selling or handling cot
ton and was without direct connec
tions: today it has its connections and
customers in the majority of the mill
ing centers of the world, to which it
ships direct. Six years ago it was at
the mercy of the grocery trust; today
it has thousands of stores under its
own control. '
A Hundred Per Cent Union. 1
.Boston Cotil Teamsters and Handlers'
union. No. 8. has on Its membership
roll every man In Its line of business In
that city. Recently the members rev
ceived substantial Increases in wages
and a nine hour day. The agreement
signed includes Columbus day in the
list of holiday, the first agreement to
Include this day as a holiday.
He who will not fight for the right is
equally guilty with the wrongdoer.
There are six colored members of
Typographical union No, 6, New; York
city. . ..
Are you a member of your union and
fighting for the right and to attain jus
The convention of the American Fed
eration of Labor will be held at St
Louis beginning Nor. 14.
It is estimated that upward of 71,000
union men and women marched In
New York city's labor day parade.
The congestion commission of New.
York city estimates that $900 a year is
the minimum wage upon which, a
workingman with a wife and three
children can live on an American
standard in that city.
The Habit of Systematic Saving.
This is a habit easy to aquire, and a habit that is beneficial. It is the
sure insurance against misfortune. It is the unbroken promise of a contented
old age. By setting, aside a portion of your income each week, or month, and
depositing with us, you are soon in possession of a comfortable bank account,
and a bank account is something that gives the possessor a certain air of in- ,
dependence and satisfaction that nothing else produces. There are scores of ,
handsome homes in Lincoln that were erected through the habit of saving ac
quired by dealing with this bank. We pay 4 per cent interest on deposits.
Call and let us cite you examples of what workingmen and women - have ac
quired by forming the habit of dealing with us. An unbroken record of ten
years without the loss of a dollar or the foreclosing of a mortgage is something
that we are very proud of. , .. r'
AMERICAN SAVINGS BANK
132 NORTH 11TH ST.
p m, imi a m
Is a quick and positive remedy for all
coughs. It stoqs coughing spells at night
relieves the soreness, soothes the irrita
ted membrane and stoqs the tickling.
It is an ideal preparation for children
as it containes no harmful anodynes or
-' 25c per bottle
12th and O St.
Dr. Chas. Yungblut
ROOM r . ' BURR
No. 202 Lyentist block
AUTO. PHONE 3416, BELL 656
LINCOLN, -:- NEBR.
Plenty of it. Utmost Secrecy.,
129 So. iithSt Kelly & Norris
on household goods, pianos, hor
ses, etc.; long or short time, No
charge for papers. No interest
in advance. No publicity or fil
papers, We guarantee better
tet ms than others make. Money
Eaid immediately. COLUMBIA
OAN CO. 127 South 12th.
l ?t -
Li I --Mil. . ufiiiY'" li
OFFICE OF ;
DR. R. L. BENTLEY,
Office Hours I to 4 p. m, ' ,
Office 21 18 O St. Both Phones
, LINCOLN, NEBRASKA
THE BARGAIN CHASE.
American Women and the Shopping
More money is wasted every year by
women buying ueedless things uuder
the excitetnint of the bargain hunt
than is spent in ail the gambling
houses and race tracks put together,
eays Mary neaton Vorse in Success
Magazine. When you say that I have
no statistics to prove this I answer
that 1 have common sense and have
spent much time Id city ' shops. I
know. too. what I am capable of. and
I am but a half hearted hunter. 1
know what my friends do. It Isn't for
nothing that 1 have seen earnest young
students of eoouomics succumb to this
bunting instinct and fare forth to buy
ninety-eight cent undergarments.
It is not only in the stores frequent
ed by poor or uneducated women that
I have seen the more brutal Instincts
of the human race come to the sur
face. I have seen a charming looking
elderly womaD in a high class store
snatch a dress length of gray voile
from the hands of another elderly wo
man, and the reason I happened to see
these sights wns because I myself was
at the sale looking nt garments I didn't
want and didn't needand buying them.
The bargain chase, the shopping
game passion or sport, life work or
recreation for it may be any one of
these, according to the temperament
of the woman has American women
well In its grip. Hardly one of us es
capes some one of the psychological
deviations from the normal which I
READ HIS FACE.
The Youthful Amateurs Were Sura He
They were youthful enthusiasts in
physiognomy. On the seat opposite In
tbe train was a man of commanding
figure, massive brow and serious ex
pression. "Splendid face!" one of them
explained. "What do you suppose his
life work has been?" ' 1
"A lawyer?" suggested the other.
"No-o; there's too much benevolence
in that face for a lawyer." '
"Maybe a banker?"
"Oh, no! A man with an expression
like that couldn't have spent bis life in
merely turning over money."
"He might be an editor."
"An editor! Cutting and slashing bis
enemies at every turn and even his
friends occasionally for the sake of a
smart paragraph? . Ygu, can't read
faces. That man's a philanthropist or
engaged in some sort of public spirit
ed work. Why. there isn't a line that
doesn't indicate strength of purpose
and nobility! Look at that curve there
on the left!"
At the next station an old country
man took his seat beside the man with
massive brow and soon eutered into a
conversation with him. In the course of -which
he asked the latter "what was
The two opposite held' their breath
in the intensity of their Interest.
"Oh. I've got a little taverD and
butcher shop back in the country a
bit!" was the proud reply. "My wlfo
tends to the meals aud 1 dp my own
killing." Youth's Companion.
There are three or four times as
many Corots In existence as the French
painter produced .in his lifetime. He
lived to be nearly eighty, but at Mont
uiartre his posthumous canvases are
still being turned out to meet the de
mands of the market. Tbe old mas
ters never die - They are still working
overtime In the back rooms of Flor
ence and Rome. At Cologne the man
ufacture of genuine mediaeval metal
work and antique carving is a thriving
industry. These foreign forgers may
be scamps.' but their tireless energy
also testifies to the reverence Id which
posterity holds the great names of by
gone periods. If they are not so high
ly prized, what Inducements would
there be for anybody to waste time,
paint and muscle In creating fraudu
lent copies and Imitations and pass-
ing them off under false pretenses?
Our millionaire collectors are not con
stantly exposed to the risk of buying,
high priced forgeries where the origi
nals have no value. New York World.
Mourning In Japan.
The Japanese code of mourning Is
very elaborate and complicated. As
followed by the well to do classes It
Involves the wearing of special gar- .
ments and abstinence from animal
food. At tbe death of a husband or
real or adopted parents the -custom de
mands . thirteen months of mourning ,
apparel and fifty days' abstinence
from meat. Grandparents are honored
by 150 days If they are on the paternal
side: if only common. Insignificant,
maternal grandparents,- they have . to
put up with ninety. The same rule
applies to maternal uncles and -aunts.
It is one way of Introducing the orien
tal contempt for women.
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