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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 9, 1910)
An Impressible Boy's Part In a
By AGNES C BROGAN
Copyright, 1910. by American Press
They sat upon the pier together, tbe
girl whose eyea were aa blue aa tbe
sea, tbe little boy whose flaxen curia
framed tbe face of a cherub and tbe
man who looked askance at the boy
and frowned. The girl caressed the
child. "Dear," she asked tenderly,
"are yon tired?"
Billy rested the curly head against
his aunt's shoulder and confidingly
placed his damp boots upon the skirt
of her white linen dress. "Nope," be
Jack Winston sighed and shook his
ii. 1 1 wiiti in v mniu la n an nritn
The boy scrambled to his feet sud
denly and, collecting a handful of small
aharp atones, began pelting them at
the two occupants of a small boat
which glided noiselessly along beside
"Billy," his aunt cried, horrified
"Billy, did you hit the little boy?"
"You bet I did," her nephew re
plied gleefully. "That was Dicky
Smith. I hate Dicky Smith!"
Miss Brereton's eyes looked unutter
ably sad. "That was very wrong,"
she said reprovingly, "and you must
not hate him, dear; you must love
Her nephew laughed. "Everybody r
he exclaimed derisively.
"Tea. Indeed," bis aunt reiterated.
"Do you love everybody. Aunt Bea
trice?" be asked. "Do you love Mr.
Winston?" A rosy flush covered his
aunt's pretty face.
"Of course I do," she answered even
ly. Billy turned to seek an ally in the'
man. "Do you love everybody, Mr.
Winston?" he persisted.
"Not by a good deal. Bill." the man
responded warmly. "I hare much the
same feeling for Mr. Fenway, for in
stance, thnt you have for Dicky
Tbe girl laughed and caught her
small nephew by the hand. "What
nonsense!" she said. "And now don't
you think It is time to go back?"
The three went strolling up the
sandy beach, the boy skipping along
between them. The hotel guests hud
assembled upon tbe wide verundtis.
awaiting the sound of the gong which
would summon them to tbe evening
heal. They bailed the delinquents
merrily. "Last call for dinner In the
dining car." said Ken way. "Hilly,
come here mid give an account of
yourself." He caught up tbe boy and
perched him upon his knee. Beatrice
stood leaning against a white pillar,
jimlllng down nt tbem. Winston sat
upon a lower step.
"What huve you been doing, Billy
boy?" Fenway questioned. The child
was always very amusing, so tbe
guests leaned forward, eagerly listen
ing for bis replies.
"Been down on the pier." Billy piped
In bis shrill treble, "with Aunt Bea
trice and Mr. Winston." A pause.
"Aunt Beatrice nays she loves Mr. Win
ston," he repeated deliberately. For a
moment there was stlenre. tense, dead
ly bl!em-e: thru J.u-k Wins; on roinmit
ted the unpardonable crime he laugh
ed. - No one joined him. That made It
worse, for all were fusclnated in
watching the glrl's fuce, which changed
so suddenly from white to crimson.
She looked contemptuously at Winston
for a moment because be could thus
enjoy ber discomfiture.
"Billy," she said desperately, "you
remomber. I spoke of lorlng every
body not Mr. Winston In particular;
he was merely included with the oth
ers." It seemed to the man on the lower
step that her eyes sought Fenway's
appeallugly, "Merely included with
the others." He arose suddenly. "You
have sufficiently cleared yourself of
tbe imputation," he began lu a low
tone, but Billy was speaking again.
"Mr. Winston suys," the cherub an
nounced distinctly, "that sometimes he
would like to pelt stones at Mr. Fen
way." There was a general laugh at
this, and Winston was conscious of an
overwhelming desire to fall upon the
boy aud thrash him within an inch of
"Thanks, awfully. Bill," Fenway ob
served calmly. "Forewarned Is fore-
Fmed. Henceforth, whenever I see
ack Winston coming my way. I snail
Ww company dispersed In little chat
tel tn;f groups toward tbe dining room.
I;i:iy was borne thence upon Fenway's
t bonli'.er, aud Beatrice followed. As
WI'-ton passed she averted her eyes,
aud mo during tbe endlessly long week
which followed she perversely Ignored
his existence and admirably succeeded
'In dispelling any erroneous idea which
might have prevailed regarding her
partialty toward him. And the in
jured one hid himself in faraway cor
ners and worked resolutely upon the!
serial story which he was preparing
for on of the current magazines. He.
bad neglected bis writing lately, and
there was much to do. Occasionally
-"illy would seek him out, but was al-j
y curtly dismissed. In fact; tb
shs were beginning to show among
y's roses, for bis champion, Peo-i
ay, mm sawMBuy smjsmvssi
and Aunt Beatrice had developed into
a very unreasonable person. One could
not tell how to please her.
When they started for a walk upon
their last afternoon at tbe seaside Aunt
Beatrice first found the wooded path
too shady, then decided that tbe sun
shone too brightly upon the pier, and
later when the man in the little post
office informed them that there were
"no letters today" Billy really thought
she was going to cry. "P'r'aps," he
comforted. "Mr. Fenway will write a
nice letter to you blmeby. but," he
added, with the strange perversity of
childhood. "I like Mr. Winston best"
Aunt Beatrice very unexpectedly
bent down and kissed his upturned
face. "Billy boy." she said sadly. "Mr.
Winston does not like us any more,
and it is all because of you." Billy
pondered deeply upon this. If it was
his fault that these two funny grown
up people refused to speak to each
other then some way or other he must
be the one to straighten things out
He did not quite know how he was
going to accomplish this purpose, but
would see Mr. Winston at any rate.
So it happened that Billy's chubby fig
ure Invaded the hiding place among
the trees, and Winston ceased scrib
bling for a moment to look impatient
ly at the innocent face peeping out
from its tangled curls. "Hello!" said
"Don't yon see that I am busy?" the
man answered. "Now run along."
"All right" Billy agreed, and sat
down upon a fallen tree trunk. Win
ston resumed his writing. As he fin
ished one sheet he would tear it hasti
ly from the pad and toss it from him.
The ground near by seemed covered
with the closely written pages.
"You write a great many letters,"
Billy suggested politely. There was no
response. "Mr. Fenway went away
yesterday," be ventured again. Still
no answer. "Aunt Beatrice and I are
going home tomorrow," he continued.
At last Billy had gained the man's at
tention. "Tomorrow!" he exclaimed in
consternation. "She is going away
tomorrow?" Billy was pleased with
the sensation he had made. "Yep,"
he answered coolly. "No more fun
Jack Winston looked far away be
tween the trees to where be could see
a glimpse of blue sea beyond. "I sup
pose not. now that Fenway has gone,"
he said bitterly. The man continued
to gaze gloomily out upon the sea. He
had forgotten tbe story; he bad forgot
ten even Billy until the unusual silence
reminded him that his unwelcome vis
itor had departed. Then he slowly col
lected the scattered sheets, dropped the
pad into a loose coat pocket and with
great heaviness of heart turned to go.
So she was leaving tomorrow. In all
probability he would never see her
again, and the happy hours of this
summer which had meant everything
to him would linger In her memory
only as an idle seaside flirtation. The
man sighed a mighty sigh, and then
the twisted branches before him were
parted and Beatrice herself stood there
In the opening. She raised a flushed
face to his; her blue eyes shone misti
ly. "I wanted to see you so very
much," she said hesitatingly, "thnt I
just could not wait for you to come."
He stared unbelievingly. Miss Brere
ton pouted. "Of course if you are not
glnd to see me" she was beginning,
wben the glorious truth dawned full
"Glad!" he cried, and the fervor ex
pressed in that one word seemed to
quite satisfy the girl. After a long
silence she laughed softly. "It was a
dear little note," she said. "Do you
know you have always appeared to be
such a dignified, self contained per
son that really I have been a bit afraid'
of you all along at least I never imag
ined that one so calm could write like
The last words were uttered in a
tone which conveyed her entire ap
proval of the note, which had evident
ly been the means of bringing her to
his side. Winston realized slowly that
something remained to be explained.
He must be cautious.
"Have you the letter with you, dear?"
he asked. She drew a crumpled paper
from her belt and, smoothing It out.
held it up before his eyes. Tbe man
took her hands and the note within his
"Dearest," he rend in his own hand
writing, "I con bear this silence this
separation no longer. In pity let me
see you once more." The scrawl end
ed abruptly, and the sheet was torn
oft as though In frantic haste. With a
perplexed frown Winston recognized
the words with which the hero of his
latest Berlnl story begins an ardent
epistle to his ladylove.
Beatrice smiled. "You must admit,"
she said softly, "that Billy made a
good messenger. I was sitting In the
garden looking sorrowfully out over
the hills and wondering If a certain
person who considered himself mor
tally offended could really be so cruel
as to allow me to go far away wlth
out one word of goodby when Billy,
the dear, came running down the road.
'Aunt Beatrice.' he called, 'here Is -a
letter for you from Mr. Winston!' If
it bad not been such a nice, anxious
letter I might have properly waited for
you to come to me, but as it was
well, Billy led me straight to your hid
'Dearest," said Winston in the phras
ing of the letter, "I humbly apologize
for the many unkind remarks which I
have made from time to time concern
ing your nephew. He Is an angel, a
remarkably clever child. There has
never been his equal." Beatrice sigh
ed contentedly, and Winston, happen
ing to glance over tbe crown of her
head at this moment, saw the afore
said angel seated upon tbe tree trunk
close by. apparently a very much In
"Sny." said Billy wearily, "cat it oat,
won't 70a? Supper's ready." s
She Ate It
By SHEELA ESTHER DUNN
Copyright. 1910, by American Press
Id Belgium the month of May is
known as the Virgin's month and con
secrated to the Virgin Mary. In the
province of Liege during May young
girls have a pretty way of learning
whom they shall marry. A group of
maidens arrange to meet at sunrise,
walk through the fields until they come
to a hedge, and. selecting a spot un
exposed to the highway, they choose
a honeysuckle bush beneath which to
perform their mystic rites. Each girl
selects three blades of grass, cuts the
tops to equal lengths and to each ties
a colored thread of silk. Black rep
resents a bachelor, red an unknown
lover and green the person the girl In
her heart wishes to marry. Ten days
afterward they return to the spot
where they left the blades growing,
and that, blade of the three which has
grown highest represents the lover
that Is destined for the maiden's hus
band. There lived in this province a poor
girl named Anna DeWlndt She was
an adopted daughter of an old couple
who worked a small farm. Anna was
a fair complexioned, fair haired, blue
eyed maiden, her pure heart being
plainly manifest In her countenance.
The adjoining farm on the east was a
much larger one and owned by a farm
er named DeRoade, with one son,
Heileger. Heileger DeRoade was at
the university when Anna DeWlndt
came to live at the adjoining farm.
When he returned for his spring vaca
tion he saw her busy about the ad
joining premises, but she was so far
from him that he could not tell wheth
er she was comely or ugly. Taking a
glass, he brought the image nearer and
discovered what he was pleased to
call his "Madonna."
From that time when be would see
Anna on tbe porch of the bouse or
back In tbe kitchen garden be would
watch ber through his glass and long
ed to go out and chat with her.
His vacation came to an end, and be
experienced a pang at leaving bis Ma
donna, whom be had been used to
bringing so near to him by. means of
bis glass. On the morning of his de
parture he was obliged to rise early
Going out on to tbe porch, be sniffed
tbe delicious spring air.. The sun was
Just rising. He walked about, present
ly going under a tree 'with overhang
ing branches. "A door opened In tbe
next house, and Anna and another girl
came out and walked directly toward
him. They advanced to the hedge
that separated tbe two places and
were screened from him by its twigs
Stealing out of his retreat, stooping
that he might not be seen, he went
treading on the soft grass to the hedge.
On reaching It be heard coming from
a few yards distant on the other side
their soft voices. Anna's companion
"This is the bachelor," she said, ty
ing a thread on a spear ' of grass.
"This is the unknown," tying another,
"and tills," tying a third, "is my dear
"And who Is your dear love?" asked
Anna, who was herself tying threads
on blades of grass.
"John Ten Eyck. Who is yours?"
"1 can't tell you; It Is so foolish of
'"You needn't I know already. It
Is tbe handsome student In tbe De-
Anna made no reply, but Heileger.
having found an opening Just big
enough to give bim a view of ber face,
saw a blush overspread ber features.
He was astonished. A girl whom
be bad not suspected of having been
aware of his existence bad indicated
with the green thread that she had
taken him into her innocent heart.
Having tied tbe blades of grass and
cut tbem to a uniform length tbe two
girls went back to the bouse and the
student departed for tbe university.
At Amsterdam several years later
Heileger and bis Madonna met Her
people had received a small legacy and
bad come to Amsterdam to claim it
Heileger DeRoade did not betray the
fact that he bad seen Anna before;
certainly did not mention that be bad
fooked at her through a fleldglass.
Nevertheless he yielded to an irresist
ible impure to make ber bis wife.
In Holland if a young man wisbes to
ask tbe band of a girl In marriage be
buys a sweet cake, takes it to ber
bouse and in presence of her family
places It on a table before ber. The
family affect not to notice the gift
while tbe girl. If she accepts bim. eats
tbe cake. If she refuses bim she leaves
tbe cake on tbe table.
DeRoade took a cake and laid It
before Anna. A blush came to ber
cheek, and she put out her band to
ward It. but did not take It Was she
yielding to a natural coquetry or bad
she some reason for hesitating? .Heile
ger said to tier-
"Am I not he of the green thread?"
Tbe blush on ber cbeek deepened to
scarlet: she bad ber face In her hands.
At last she said:
"Tell me bow you learned about the
"1 wl'i If yon will tell me about how
yon came to know anything about me."
"You must first tell me how yon
knew about me." she replied.
He shrank from telling ber that ha
bad been looking at ber through a spy
glass. He took np tbe cake and banded
It to ber
She at It. . ..
WOMEN'S TRADE UNIONS.
What the League Has Done For the
It is but six years since the Women's
Trade Union league began Its work In
Boston. The national headquarters
are in Chicago, and the president Is
Mrs. Raymond Robins. She is fired
with a religious enthusiasm for tbe
welfare of the young working girl.
There are new local branches in New
York. Boston. Chicago. St Louis.
Springfield. 111., and Philadelphia,
Cleveland and other cities are coming
The league is an expression of the
mother spirit of the women of this
continent watching over the young
growmg b- helping her to relate her
self to her brothers in the labor union
and to her sisters who are in the serv
ice of the home and the child. Every
one can belong. It Is not only a gather
ing together of women's unions. It
provides a fellowship to which can be
long the working woman and the wo
man of leisure and tbe woman's club
anxious to belp In bringing about tbe
shorter working day, a wage on which
the girl can live and in hastening the
time when all dangerous machinery
will be protected and every factory
well lit and ventilated. Anywhere and
everywhere the man or woman who
wants to see the precious gift of the
girlhood of each generation conserved
as carefully as the forests or the
waters can help by joining.
It is a wonderful training school for
Its members.. The Inexperienced work
girl and th-j woman who has never had
to earn ber own living come Into touch
with some of the wonderful personali
ties who. under the prosaic title of
business agent, are helping other work
ing girls to know their own powers. .
Here Is how one business agent. Me
llnda Scott, handled a situation that
the unprotected factory worker has to
face. A little Polish factory girl was
Insulted by a foreman. She complained
to the superintendent, but was told It
must have been her own fault. She
sent to the owner of the factory a reg
istered letter and obtained tbe official
receipt. - No reply was forthcoming.
Melinda Scott as business agent was
now appealed to. She went Straight to
the superintendent acii toiu. hiin she
would call "shop" within fifteen min
utes If this foreman was not made to
publicly apologize. The employer was
telephoned for. He came In bis motor,
and within fifteen minutes the fore
man was asked for an explanation he
could not give. "Very well" said the
employer, pointing to Miss Scott; "you
do as she says and apologize."
Tbe foreman did what was asked
and tbe same day received bis walking
Could church or priest have preached
a more forceful sermon on morality?
More Wages For German Workers.
It is reported from Berlin that the
conditions under which the building
trades workers of Germany will re
sume 1"wirSk after a strike of three
months'! duration are a considerable
improvement over former conditions.
About I8O.OOO masons and 70,000 as
sistant masons have secured a raise In
wages of 5 cents an hour. Seven thou
sand masons and 3.000 assistant ma
sons have secured an advance of 4
cents an hour. Besides. 250.000 car
penters will benefit by a slight in
crease in- wages.
A maximum ten how day la agreed
upon for all Germany. This means a
reduction in working hours in 600
places where the workday was more
than ten . hours long. Moreover. In
fifty-six towns the workday was re
duced to nine and one-half hours. "'
" Cook For the Label.
Don't forget to look for the union
label when you make your purchases.
It is the best possible proof that the
articles of merchandise were made un
der fab conditions for the working
men employed in "their make. At the
same time It Is an acknowledgment
to the employer who recognises union
Ism. Union Wins Long Fight.
After two years of warfare the gran
ite cutters of St Cloud. Minn., have
come to terms with tbe firm of John
son & Borwick. and union men now
man the shops of the firm. Tbe trou
ble originated over tbe introduction of
the open shop, and the settlement Is a
complete victory for the union.
The Cloakmakers' union has spent
about $200,000 in financing the strike
In New York.
A new labor party has been launched
by several prominent labor leaders In
New York city.
Since 1S70 to the present time, a
period of forty years, the state of New
York has placed 212 labor laws on Its
Assistant Attorney General of the
United States William H. Haar is an
ex-printer and former member of Co
lumbia Typographical union. No. 101.
John S. Wbalen of the Tobacco
Workers' union, who was secretary of
state for New York just preceding the
present Incumbent has announced that
he will be a candidate for the Demo
cratic nomination for his former office
Tbe International Brotherhood of
Teamsters.. In recent convention at
Peoria. III., went on record as asking
tbe Chicago and New York Independ
ent onions to return to tbe parent or
ganisation. Tbey will be granted all
tbe rights and privileges of tbe broth
erhood on tbe payment of one month's
dues. Tbe next convention will be
held at Indianapolis tbe first Monday
la October, 1912.
The Saving of
By KATHLEEN J. M'CURDY
Copyright, 1910. by American Press
This is tbe legend of Patience God
win as it has been handed down In
our family for many generations of
ber descendants. Patience In the days
when witchcraft bad Its grip on Mas
sachusetts was a young girl. She won
the love of Francis Wlnthrop, who had
been attentive to Jane Hartshorne, and
Jane for spite accused Patience of be
ing a witch. '
A great deal of Interest was mani
fested In the trial, especially because
Patience was so well beloved. The ev
idence brought against her was con
vincing. Young Wlnthrop when his sweet
heart bad been tried and found guilty
said that be could not be present when
she was burned, and he would no
longer remain in a so called civilized
community where such superstitions
were rife and such cruelties were prac
ticed. Tbe day before the execution
he left tbe settlement, saying that he
would go and live among the Indians.
His parting with Patience was distress
ing in the extreme and would have
moved anything but the lronbound
consciences of the Puritans.
The next day a stake was set op In
a wood near the settlement and
fagots laid about It In preparation for
the burning, which was set for tbe
hour of sunset It was October, and
there was a mellow baze in tbe at
mosphere. Shortly before the sun
went down the great men of the
church and their families began to
collect at the place of execution. Pres
ently In the distance appeared a little
procession, led by the minister, who
read from his Bible as be walked such
passages as be thought might exorcise
the evil spirit that had got into the
poor girl.' Patience came next attend
ed by ber weeping parents and a few
of her Intimate friends.
Now, it is not claimed that what. I
am about to narrate is a matter of his-,
tory. Detailed accounts of those who,
perished by the witchcraft insanity
have been given in histories of tbe
times, but 1 admit there is no his
torical account of this case. It has
merely been perpetuated in the family.
We must remember that those were a
superstitious people, looking always
for the marvelous. Yet there is notb
ing more remarkable in tbe witch
plague than in the story of what hap
pened at Patience Godwin's burning.
Tbe condemned girl bade farewell to
her parents, her brothers and sisters
and her friends and with a resigned
step approached the stake. She was
bound, and tbe executioner was about
to apply tbe torch to the fagots wben
the setting sun broke through a cloud
and flooded the scene with a yellow
splendor. A glory from heaven seem
ed to be poured upon the trees, whose
leaves still wore the autumnal colors,
the group standing about the stake,
and lit the face of tbe witch, giving
a boly glow to her pale features.
And then out of the western sun
light there c-ame a figure dressed in a
long . white robe walking slowly.
Whether man or woman none could
say, for the long hair falling on the
shoulders gave the figure a feminine
appearance, while a sword pressed by
the right baud against a large blood
red cross on tbe breast seemed to indi
cate manhood. As the visitor drew
near tbe face was seen to be white as
marble, and a soft brown beard could
As the man or specter or god, flood
fd by the yellow light, whicb every
moment iook on more effulgence, ap
proached those about the stake knelt
with bowed beads. Reaching the
wltcb, be said in a voice soft but dis
tinct: "Come out Satan!"
Then It seemed to those who saw
that Patience writhed for a moment,
after which her face shone with a holy
light Raising bis sword, tbe appari
tion cut tbe rope that bound ber; then,
taking ber hand, led her away in tbe
direction from which be bad come.
Some say that the two figures were
lost In a snowstorm that suddenly
came up from the east giving a still
more wonderful appearance to the
western Illumination as seen through
tbe falling flakes.
I have examined the records of the
weather for the year In question and
found mention of a terrible snowstorm
that covered Massachusetts to a great
depth, falling on verdure that bad not
yet been blighted.
The legend says that Patience and
tbe stranger were seen walking through
this snowstorm In a gradually lessen
ing Illumination, darkness finally en
Patience never returned to Massa
chusetts, but after the witch craze had
passed she was known to be living In
Maryland, the wife of Francis Wln
throp. Who tbe mysterious stranger
was has never been definitely settled.
In Massachusetts most people believed
that It was either the Saviour or St
John. Bnt In tbe family inheriting
the legend It has been supposed that
he was none other than Francis Wln
throp, who went away immediately be
fore tbe execution for the purpose of
working on tbe superstitions of tbe
people and tbus saving tbe girl he
It was not long after this that tbe
witchcraft hallucination died oat, and
the people of Massachusetts wondered
what bad possessed tbem. Tbat branch
of the Godwin family to wblcb Pa
tience belonged naturally found a more
congenial social atmosphere In tbe
oath than among tbe colder blooded
Secretary's Report Shows Increase of
Funds and Members. 1
The report of Secretary-Treasurer
John W. Hayes of the International
Typographical union, which was up to
the expiration of the fiscal year, May
31 last showed a total of receipts
from all sources of $518,419.18 and ex
penditures of $417,998.76. The balance
on band at the date of the report was
$359,149.69. of which $81,553 was In
the general fund and $277,596.69 In
the old age pension fund. Special as
sistance and benefit expenditures for
the year amounted to $28,728.43. There
was paid toward the support of tbe
borne at 15 cents per month per mem
ber $86,051 .90. and donations to the
borne library fund amounted to $2,
616.66. There were 574 death bene
fits paid, tbe largest but one since the
establishment of the fund. Tbe death
rate was 1.19 per cent or a trifle over
11 per 1,000, the average age of those
dying being 46.7 years. In the war on
tuberculosis $2,169.43 was spent with
In the matter of growth the , secre
tary reports fifty-two new subordinate
unions and twenty-one suspended and
surrendered. leaving a net increase of
thirty-one. - or a grand total of 684. -There
were sent out from the Indian
apolis headquarters during the year
134,770 pieces of mail and express mat
ter, among them 54.975 typewritten let
ters and 11,986 postal cards, the In
crease In letters over last year being
16.696. There was expended for work
In connection with the allied trades
label $5,380.86. There were but fifteen
small strikes recorded, of which six
were successfully settled, seven were
pending and one was lost ' The re
ceipts for the Typographical Journal
aggregated $32,687.94 and tbe expend
itures $32,165.50, leaving a profit of
$522.44. In his summary Secretary
Hayes gives the sum of money In the
treasuries of the various subordinate
unions as $312,581.05, members In good
standing 48.869, members In . arrears
8,296, total membership 52,165. ,
The Lackawanna Pension 8yttam.
The Lackawanna railroad pays tbe
entire amount of its pensions, the men
contributing nothing. Any one who has .
been in the service twenty-five years
goes upon the pension list when he is
retired at seventy. Between sixty and
sixty-nine any one of twenty-five
years' service who becomes incapaci
tated may be retired on pension or
any one who becomes Incapacitated
through injury. The Lackawanna fixes
the pension by taking 1 per cent of tbe
average wage for the ten years before
retirement and multiplying thaf -.- by
the number of years of service. An en
gineer having averaged $150 a month
for ten years before retirement and
having been an employee for thirty
years retires with a pension of $40 a
month. Last year the highest Lacka
wanna pension was $76.31. tbe lowest
$5.22; average. $22.23. The average
age was sixty-eight years and four
months. The system has been In opera
tion since .1902. - .
Wages Paid by Krupps.
Compared with tbe wages paid
American workmen, tbe scale in
Krupps is ' very low. but compared
with other German industries tbe
wages are high. The average wage is
$1.35 a day. However, the cost of
living is low. The bread for the entire
community is made in one bakesbop.
It is sold to each person at a certain
fixed price, and at the end of the year
a rebate is given to the purchaser ac
cording to the amount bought The
Krupps manage the bakery, but they
are perfectly satisfied to make their
profits on iron and steel, and they jiive
their employees the benebr of getting
the best of bread at absolute cost. It
may be said In passing tbat employees
are not compelled to patronize the bake-
shop. ; i
Engineers Gat Wage Increase. '
A satlsfactorv adlnstment Of tbe
controversy between the Virginian
Hallway company and its engineers
has been reached. In some respects
cue controversy was one 01 tne most
obstinate proceedings tbe mediators
nave had to handle. The-engineers od
tained on in nvernire an Increase of
approximately 10 per cent in wages.
Engineers driving locomotives of tbe
Mallet type a double engine witb a
large single boiler will get an In
crease of abont 20 oer cent This In
crease established a precedent in the
pay of operating locomotives 01 mai
What Batter Wages Mean. " -
"Unfitness means low "wages, low,
wages menn Insufficient food, and in
sufficient food means unfitness for
work, so that the vicious circle is com
plete." This is what Rountree calls
the "vicious circle of poverty." "May
we not. however, say conversely."
writes Frederick Almy in tne survey,
"that Increased income through better
wages means better food and quarters:
these mean better strength and cour
age; these mean better work and in
come flnil an tnatonri of - an endless
chain of poverty we may have an end
less chain of progress."
Boosting the La bat.
The Bakers' union in Boston has
adopted a novel plan to Increase tbe
use of Its label, and. according to the
bulletin recently Issued by tbe label
section of the Central Labor anion of
that city, good results are being ac
complished. Tbe onion officers offer a
ton of coal to tbe person living la
South Boston tbat will return the lar
gest number of onion labels ' before
Oct 1. Although tbe plan has been xa
operation only a few weeks, it is re
ported that already It has aided te
unionizing several good sized bale-shops.
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