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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1910)
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John Clark Ridpath's Essay on
the Tenets of Liberty.
THE HIGHWAY TO FREEDOM.
Education the Basis on Which a Free
Government Must Rest A Republic
Without Intelligence Is a Paradox
and an Impossibility.
Tim Idea l bat the United States is
one nation and not thirty -eight na
tion Is rne grand cardinal doctrine of
a sound political faith. State pride
and sertioual attachment are natural
passions in the human breast and are
so near nkiu to patriotism as to be dis
tinguished from it only In the court of
a higher reason. But there Is a no
bler love of country a patriotism that
rises above all places and sections,
that knows no country, no state, no
north, no south, but only native land;
that claims no mountain slope, that
clings to uo river bank, that worships
no range of hilts, but lifts the aspiring
eye to a continent redeemed from bar
barism by common sacrifices and made
sacred by the shedding of kindred
blood. Such a patriotism is the cable
and sheet anchor of our hope.
A second requisite for the preserva
tion of American institutions is the
universal secular education of the peo
ple. Monarchies govern their subjects
by authority and precedent; republics
by right, reason and free will. Wheth
er one method or the other will be
better turns wholly upon the intelli
gence of the governor. No force which
has moved among men. impelling to bad
action. Inspiring to crime, overturning
order, tearing away the bulwarks of
liberty and right and converting civ
ilisation into a waste, bus been so full
of evil and so powerful to destroy as
a blind. Ignorant and factious democ
racy. A republic without intelligence
even a high degree of intelligence is
a parados and an Impossibility.
What means that principle of the
Declaration of Independence which de
clares the consent of the governed to
be the true foundation of all Just au
thority? What kind of "consent" is re
ferred to? Manifestly not the passive
and unresisting acquiescence of the
mind which, like the potter's clay, re
ceives whatever is Impressed upon it,
bnt that active, thinking, resolute, con
scious, personal consent which distin
guishes the true freeman from the
puppet. When the people of the Unit
ed States rise to the heights of this no
ble and intelligent self assertion the
occupation of the party leader most
despicable of all tyrants will be gone
forever, and in order that the people
may ascend to that high plane the
means by which Intelligence Is foster
ed, right reason exalted and a calm
and rational public opinion produced
must be universally secured. The pub
lic free school Is the fountain whose
streams shall make glad all the land
of liberty. We must educate or perish.
A third thing necessary to the perpe
tuity of American liberties is tolera
tiontoleration in the broadest and
most glorious sense. In the colonial
times Intolerance lmblttered the lives
of our fathers. Until the present day
the baleful shadow has been upon the
land. The prescriptive vices of the
middle ages have flowed down with
the blood of the race and tainted the
life that now is with a suspicion and
distrust of freedom. Liberty in the
minds of men has meant the privilege
of agreeing with the majority. Men
have desired free thought, but fear has
stood at the door. It remains for the
United States to build a highway,
broad and free, into every field of lib
erul Inquiry and to make the poorest
of men who walks therein secure In
life and reputation.
Proscription has no part or lot in
the American system. The stake, the
gibbet and the rack, thumbscrews,
sword and pillory, have no place on
this side of the sea. Nature Is diversi
fied; so are human faculties, beliefs
and practices. Essential freedom is
the right to differ, and that right must
be sacredly respected. Nor must the
privilege of dissent be conceded with
coldness and disdain, but openly, cor
dially and with good will. No less of
rank, abatement of character or ostra
cism from society must darken the
pathway of the humblest of the seek
ers after truth. The right of free
tboueht. free Inquiry and free speech
Is as clear as the noonday and bounte
ous as the air and ocean. Without a
full and cheerful recognition of this
right America Is only a name.
The fourth idea, essential to the. wel
fare and stability of the republic. Is
the nobility of labor. It Is the mission
of the United States to ennoble toil
and honor the toiler. In other lands
to labor has been considered the lot of
serfs and peasants; to gather the fruits
and consume them in luxury and war,
the business of the great. Since the
mediaeval times European society has
been organized on the basis of a no
bility and n people. To be a nobleman
was to be distinguished from the peo
ple: to be one of the people was to be
forever debnrred from nobility. Thus
has been set on human Industry the
stigma of perpetual disgrace. Some
thing of this has been transmitted to
the new civilization In the west a cer
tain disposition to renew the old order
of lord and laborer. Let the odious
distinction perish. The true lord Is the
laborer and the true laborer the lord.
It la the genius of American Institu
tions. In the fullness of time, to wipe
the last opprobrious stain from the
brow of toll and to crown the toller
with the dignity, luster and honor of a
full and perfect manhood. John Clark
UNIONS BUILD CITY.
San Francisco a Monument to Organ
"Since the time of the earthquake
San Francisco has expended $275,000.
000 In rebuilding, every stick and ev
ery stone of which has been put In
place under union conditions."
This remarkable statement was
made by P. II. McCarthy, labor mayor
of San Francisco, who was in Wash
ington recently with the Pacific coast
delegation asking congress to author
ize the holding of the Panama exposi
tion at the Golden Gate.
"And so judge for yourself," contin
ued McCarthy, "whether or not the
holding of the Panama exposition in
San Francisco in 1015 will not be for
the benetit of every working man. wo
man and child in the United States."
McCarthy's stories of conditions in
the city where union labor holds po
litical power were listened to with
deep Interest by the Building Trades
council in Washington.
"There Is no city In the United
States or. as a matter of fact. In the
whole world where the wageworkers'
standard of living is as high as In San
"And as to Industrial peace," de
clared the carpenter mayor, "there is
a better understanding, more harmony
between employers and employed, in
San Francisco than any other city In
"The San Francisco Building Trades
council gave $5,000 toward the fund
for the exposition and will double that
gift if more is needed."
McCarthy's claims for a wonderful
working class prosperity In San Fran
cisco are borne out by the table of
building trades wages prepared by
William T. Spencer, secretary of the
building trades department of the
American Federation of Labor. Here
are some of his comparative wage
scales in different cities for 1909. and
the present year does not materially
alter the comparisons:
Bricklayers in Chicago received per
hour G2Ms cents; in New York, 70
cents; In San Francisco. 87 cents.
Plumbers in the same cities respec
tively got 05. 02 and 75 cents. Car
penters in the same order got 5014. (J2Mi
and 02 cents; laborers and bodcar
riers in Chicago 35 cents, in New York
35 cents and In San Francisco from
37 to 50 cents per hour.
THE INDUSTRIAL TRAITOR.
An Uncanny Creature Contrasted With
a Real Man.
What can we say of him who. scorn
ing the obligation of responsibility
which conscience hath laid upon him
and which never for a single Instant is
suspended, plays the role of scab or
strike breaker, voluntarily surrender
ing every nspii-iiiion for true manhood,
bowing bis head to the galling yoke
of devouring self contempt, clothing
himself with the musty shroud of the
industrial traitor? Dead to self re
spect, dead to natural ties of brother
hood, be stands in our midst, bold, de
fiant, unnamed, unclassified, a disgust
ing something, an uncanny creature
born amid the travail of modern in
dustrialism. May be soon perish from
the earth and bis perfidy follow him.
Now behold the man whose eye kin
dles with the light of understanding,
whose heart pulsates with throbs of
appreciation of justice, whose whole
being Is summoned to action by the
trumpet calls of awakened responsibil
ity, as be grasps the true meaning,
the deeper purpose, the final goal of
trades unionism. He is the true pio
neer, the valiant pathfinder, the trusted
patriot. He leads while others follow.
He sows while others reap. Let us
emulate blm; let us support him.
wherever he may be found. Let us do
right and fear no man. Let us light
for the right and tremble not in the
presence of any foe. Fear not Our
cause is just; our purpose is a holy
one; our mission Is a glorious one,
consecrated to the uplifting of the op
pressed, to the defense of the weak,
to the rescue of the slavish, for the
protection of little children, for the
abolition of the manifold curses of
modem industrialism, for the further
ance of peace, health and happiness.
There Is uo power tbat orgauized
greed can command over which we
cannot prevail. A. R. Wyatt. United
Brotherhood of Carpenters. In Ameri
Teamsters' Unions Reaffiliate.
Daniel J. Tobin, international presi
dent of the Teamsters' union, reports
that he bas succeeded in bringing
about the reaffillation of the two big
San Francisco unions which left the
brotherhood in 1905. One of the localsr
Truck Drivers' union No. 85, Is reputed
to be the wealthiest local union in the
the world, owning its own building,
which Is also let for stores and offices,
and having more than $100,000 in its
local treasury. It has 2,500 members.
Favor Government Ownership.
The St. Louis Central Trades and
Labor union recently branched out Into
advocacy of government ownership to
the extent of declaring tbat the state
of Missouri shall own and operate
"farms, factories, workshops, public
works or other means of employment"
to an extent that will insure employ
ment to every person who may apply
The American Federation of Musi
clans voted $1,000 to enable the union
at Montreal to carry to the privy coun
cil of London, England, an appeal
from the decision of a Montreal court,
in which the local was fined $700 for
suspending a member who bad violat
ed its rules.
WHAT LABOR NEEDS.
Chicago Minister Pleads For Better
Conditions For Toilers.
Professor George Burma 11 Foster of
the University of Chicago ' in . the
course of a recent seriuou at the Third
Unitarian church. Chicago, made a
plea for better surroundings for the
laboring man. He said:
"On every hand you hear the de
mand for social reform, and regularly
you hear the reply: "First make the
individual better. If men were better,
braver, more industrious, these condi
tions would soon be better.' But the
questiou remains: How are we to get
this new and better man? What can
be done about it?
"Let the wage be such that the la
borer can have a home of light and
joy and sunshine in a decent locality.
Let the laboring men's women not
have to go to factory and day's work
outside, but have time and strength to
be women, mothers, wives and make
cheerful homes. In this way we can
help them to achieve an Inner life.
"Above all. we may help the laborer
to assume a different attitude to his
work. So long as bis work is alien to
him, so long as he works only for the
sake of the wage, just so long Is he a
wage slave, and we cannot expect a
slave to love his slavery or to have
Joy in his work. Then, too, while la
bor organizations must be preserved
and protected, they must add a new
function, that of lending joy and no
bility and skill to labor.
"Thus do men become new men. It
is true that good men can grow In the
worst surroundings. But that is God's
business. Our business is to make the
surroundings as healthy as possible.
It does little good to talk to men
about God and yet leave them in their
wretched. lot. How can these men be
lieve in God's wisdom and goodness
In a world of ruamnionism. heartless
ness and cruel struggle for existence?
"In these United States we claim to
have the most living Christianity in
the world, and yet five or six men.
most of them zealous church mem
bers, kings in the kingdom of mam
mon, control the entire material
wealth of the country."
Striking Exhibit of the Products of
Evils of the sweatshop, of child la
bor and of tenement house "factories"
are portrayed In an exhibit which was
recently placed in the Church of the
Messiah, Park avenue and Thirty
fourth street, New York city, under
the auspices of the Consumers' league,
an organization which is carrying on
a campaign against those evils. It is
but a few steps from the exhibits to
the shopping district, where many of
the things made by little children for
a few pennies are sold for five and ten
times the cost.
A bunch of twelve artificial pink
rosebuds such as are used in trim
ming a bat is bung on a placard on
which the history of these flowers Is
told. It took the little girl or woman
who made them three-quarters of a
minute to turn out one bunch, and for
twelve of these bunches the maker
earned exactly 1 cent. By working
constantly it was possible to earn as
much as 60 cents a day. When these
flowers are sold in the shops, of course,
they bring a good deal more than 1
cent a bunch.
. According to members of the Con
sumers' league in charge of the dis
play, the case of the twelve rosebuds
is only one of many in which work
done by women and children for next
to nothing is sold to the consumer at
a handsome profit. Artificial flowers
are not the only products of the tene
ment house workroom. Fancy lace
collars, trimmings, crochet work and
children's finery are all included in the
list. Specimens of such . work are
shown in the exhibit, and with them
are photographs of the rooms where
they were made and the people who
made them. New York Post.
Kirby Wears Leather Medal.
At the recent meeting of the Nation
al Association of Manufacturers at
New York John Kirby delivered his
usual denunciation of Gompers and
other labor leaders. According to the
press reports. Kirby .favors the forma
tion of a new political party that "shall
be powerful enough to bold the nation
In balance against the demagogues."
When demagogues are relegated to obr
scurity Kirby will be lost to fame. He
wears the medal among demagogues.
Minneapolis bricklayers get 65 cents
an hour, stonemasons 55 cents.
Holyoke AIass. plumbers now re
ceive $3.25 a day. The week Is forty
The Uuited Garment Workers of
America will meet in convention at
Detroit on Aug. 22.
The Canadian Northern railway has
agreed to the schedule demanded by
the blacksmiths, molders and pattern
makers. Two union bands quit the Red Men's
parade at Columbus. O.. because of
the presence in the parade of a non
Louisville leather workers returned
to work after a short strike. They
will work one hour a week less than
hitherto, and the wage scale, which
ranges from $15 to $21 a week, will be
The San Francisco numbers' union
and Master Plumbers' association
agreed that on and after May 1. 1910.
one apprentice should be employed in
each shop and one additional appren
tice for every five men employed.
With a Girl at a Window Oppo
site Who Mistook Her For Me.
By EDWARD C. HANCOCK.
I Copyright, 1910, by American Press Asso
ciation. "What a lovely room!" exclaimed my
sister Alice. She had come to Inspect
my new bachelor quarters in the city.
"I'm glad you like it. There's some
thing lovelier over there in the back
of that house. A pretty girl sits every
afternoon in the middle third story
A girl came to the window designat
ed, leaned a pair of white arms on the
sill, looked down at the clotheslines
below and went away without seeing
"You don't mean to say you call her
pretty?" said Alice.
"I consider her beautiful. I would
like to attract her attention, but dare
"What are you afraid of?"
"Being a stranger to her, I am afraid
of offending her."
"Suppose I coach you on starting a
flirtation with a girl at an opposite
"I wish you would."
"Will you do as I say?"
"Very welL If she comes to the win
dow again while I'm here I'll tell you
what to do."
Alice went about the room opening
drawers and closets, poking her nose
everywhere. I never saw anything
like the curiosity of a girl. Presently,
looking out. she saw the girl sitting at
the window opposite. She was darn
ing stockings. Alice, keeping far
enough back not to be seen, watched
her for a few minutes, then said to me:
"Go to the window, pull up the shade
or something to make a noise that will
ALICE THREW HER A KISS.
attract her attention, and when she
looks at you throw her a kiss."
"Do you suppose I'm crazy to do
such a thing?"
"I thought you promised to do as I
"I didn't promise to offer an insult."
"What do you mean?"
"Am I not a girl, and don't I know
what would please a girl?"
"You wouldn't wish a man you had
never seen to throw you a kiss, would
"Never seen! Do you suppose she
has never seen you?"
"I don't know that she has. Any
way, I have no reason to suppose she
has noticed me."
"I have. I saw her casting glances
over here." '
"Oh, you see too much! I've been
watching her too. She- hasn't taken
her eyes off the heel of that stocking
since she has been at the window."
"There's nothing to be made of a
fellow like you. Get me out some of
your clothes. I'll put them on and do
the trick myself. You and I are the
Image of each other, and she won't
know the difference."
She put on just enough of my clothes
to represent me and went to the win
dow, giving a loud "Ahem!" The girl
turned, and Alice threw her a kiss.
The girl pulled down the sash with a
bang and left the window apparently
in high dudgeon.
"There," I said to Alice, "you've
"You mean I've started a flirtation."
"What can I do to"
"Nothing. I'll do it for you. You'd
spoil it all."
"But you're not here except occa
sionally." "I'm going to stay here. Get me a
room for a few days."
I would much rather have got rid of
her, for I was sure she had offended
the girl opposite, and I didn't wish her
to get me any deeper into the mire.
But she insisted, and I secured a room
for her. That afternoon the girl op
posite sat down by her window with
her back turned to the light She held
a book in her hand.
"You see," 1 said to Alice, "to escape
being Insulted she must needs turn her
"Nevertheless I shall insult her
"I forbid you."
"Nonsense! If she had considered
herself insulted she wouldn't have
come to the window at all. She's play
ing it on you."
Alice had brought in some roses from
home for me. She took up one, went
to the window, took deliberate aim at
the girl opposite and fired the rose,
striking her on the back of the head.
The girl started, turned, scowled, .
glanced at Alice and, supposing her to
be a man, showed every evidence of
being offended. Then she got up from
her chair, closed the blinds and shut
"Very likely she won't come to the
window again today," said Alice. "It's
too near dinner time. She'll have to
do her hair before dinner, and then it
will be too late."
"You seem to know all about it.
Why will she have to do her hair be
"Because It Isn't-fit for the dinner
"I thought It delightfully negligee."
"Delightfully frowsy you mean."
I took Alice to the theater that night,
and the next day she was ready to re
sume her efforts with the girl opposite.
After breakfast Alice called me to
come to the window.
"There, stupid!" she said, pointing to
the window opposite. "What do you
think of that?"
On a stand near the window was a
tumbler and in the tumbler vwas a
"That's the identical rose you threw
"You don't mean It?" I cried. "What's
the next more?"
"I would like to have you make it
yourself, only you might act silly. You
see, at this time of day the sun shines .
on this window, and I'm afraid she'll
suspect I'm a girl."
"I'll do it. I'm all right now. I'm
not afraid of anything."
"Bosh! You have no pluck at all."
However, it was arranged that I
should make the next move, whatever
that might be, though Alice was to de
cide upon it. We sat, I reading the
paper, Alice keeping watch on the win
dow opposite. Presently the girl ap
peared in a very becoming morning -costume.
She looked up at the sky.
"She's pretending she's interested In
the weather," said Alice, "but that's
pretty tbln considering there's not a
cloud in the sky. Stay where you are.
She can't see either of us. She'll think
you have gone out and will give her
self away by and by."
After the girl had examined the
heavens she swept her eyes in a light
ning glance across my window. Then
"Too bad," said Alice, "that she has
put on her finery to be disappointed!"
"What finery! Do you suppose girls
dress that way in the morning when
they are doing household duties? She
expected after yesterday's perform
ances to see her admirer at least for a
moment before his going downtown."
Alice went shopping during the morn
ing, and I went to my club. Not yet
being settled in an occupation, I am
obliged to get away with the day as
best I can. I met Alice at a glove
counter and took her .to lunch. Then
we went to my room ready to continue
my wooing by proxy. Alice concluded
to close the blinds in order that she
might observe the enemy through the
slats; but, fearing the girl opposite
would see her watching, she called a
maid for the purpose. Then Alice and
I lounged, awaiting developments.
About 3 o'clock the girl came to her
window and, seeing my blinds closed,
did not scruple to fix her eyes upon
them. Alice, who was watching her,
directed me to suddenly throw the
blinds open. I did so. The girl beat a
After awhile Alice told me to go to
the window and sit there reading a
paper with my back to the light I
did so, while Alice herself went to an
other window and watched through
the slats. Presently she caught sight
of a dim figure in the back of the room
opposite. She could see that the girl
was watching me. Then the girl came
forward, unconscious that she was un
der observation. Suddenly Alice burst
into a laugh.
"What is it?" I asked.
"She's throwing a kiss at the back
of your head."
This was too much for me to endure
without seeing. I turned just in time
to catch a glimpse of a figure getting
back out of the light
"Now I have started you," Bald
Alice, "I leave you to do the rest your
self. I shall go home tomorrow."
"Do you think I can get on alone?" I ,
"There's nothing more to do in this
way. If you wish to follow the matter
up you must find a way to make her
acquaintance, and, having met her, you
must be careful not to mention any
thing you have learned of her Interest '
in you. Better not mention; this part
f it. Treat her as a perfect stranger."
"Would you mind, Alice,"' I asked,
"telling me how you learned all this?"
"I haven't needed to learn it. I'm a
"But how about your experience in
"Oh, bother! There haven't been
any similar circumstances in my
"You got it all by instinct?"
"Well, all I have to say Is your in
stinct is mighty strong."
I at least had the ability to find out
who the girl opposite was and hunted
among my friends till I found a mu
tual acquaintance who Introduced me.
I courted her, but blundered, and it
was a long time before I won her.
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