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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1910)
Are You Wasting
"Are you sure you get full
value for your money ex
pended. Suit cut to your or
der, hand tailored, with the
snap that gives you an at
tractive appearance. Tail
ored by Union Tailors with
pride in their product with
perfect measures to work
from could not do otherwiso
than turn out the best in the
land. The test lies with'you,
the proof with us.
Extra Pants $5.00 a pair.
133 South 13th St.
J. H. McMULLEN, Mgr.
Auto. 2372 Bell 2522
DR. R. L. BENTLEY,
' Office Hour 1 to 4 p. m.
Office 21 IS O St Both Phone
U quick and positive remedy for all
coughs. It toq coughing a pells at night
relieve the soreness, soothe the irrita
ted membrane and stoq the tickling.
It is an ideal preparation (or children
as it containe no harmful anodyne or
25c per bottle
12th and O St
Plenty of it. Utmost Secrecy.
129 So. nth St Kelly & Norris
Dr. Chas. Yungblut
AUTO. PHONE 3416, BELL 656
LINCOLN, -:- NEBR.
DISEASES OF WOMEN
All rectal disease such a
Pile, Fistula, Flure and Rec
tal Ulcer treated scientifically
DR. J. R. HAGGARD, Specialist.
Office, Richards Block.
MS TO AID WORKERS
Plan of Operations of the Eng
lish Labor Exchanges.
SEND MEN WHERE NEEDED.
Main lda la to Bring Together the
Labor Supply and the Demand.
Fares Paid to Distant Points Rules
Nothing hus occurred in the British
industrial world iu recent years which
has attracted more intention tuau the
Inauguration of the government labor
exchanges through au act of parlia
ment passed last year, which has been
very generally approved. The royal
com mission ou the poor laws recom
mended unanimously the establish
ment of these exchanges. They are
not designed to furnish temporary aid
to the unemployed, hut to direct labor
where It Is uecded. The central idea
is that the Information of "want"
and "wanted" shall be periodically
sent from branches to central offices
and thence transmitted to other locali
ties. When necessary advances will be
made to pay fares of unemployed per
sons to points where their labor is
needed, such advances to be refunded
On the opening day, Feb. 1. nearly
eighty exchanges- were iu operation,
and thousauds of applications for
work were received. These represent
ed all classes of labor and did not
seem to come to any considerable ex
tent from the shiftless and incompe
tent. Employers also made use of the
The registration of applicants for
employment is to hold good for seven
days from the date of registration. The
officer in charge is to undertake no
responsibility with regard to wages or
other conditions beyond supplying nny
information In his possession as to the
rate of wages desired or offered.
Copies or summaries of any agree
ments mutually arranged between as
sociations of employers and workmen
for the regulation of wages or other
conditions of labor In any trade may,
with the consent of the various parties
to such agreements, be filed at a labor
exchange, and any published rules
made by public authorities with regard
to like matters may also be filed. Doc
uments so filed are to be open to in
spection on application. No person is
to suffer any disqualification or be oth
erwise prejudiced on account of refus
ing to accept employment found for
him through a labor exchange where
the ground of refusal is that a trade
dispute which affects his trade exists
or that the wages offered are lower
than those current in the trade iu the
district where employment is found. -.
When an applicant for employment
has been engaged through a labor ex
change at which he is registered to
take up employment at nny place re
moved from the exchange or from his
ordinary residence by more than five
miles by the quickest route or by such
other distance as the board of trade
may direct from time to time, either
generally or as regards any specified
district, the officer in charge may at
his discretion make an advance to the
applicant toward meeting the ex
penses of traveling to the place of em
ployment. . The advance may be made
at the request either of the employer
or of the applicant. . The person at
whose request the advance- is made
mast give tsuch undertaking with re
spect to the repayment of the advance
as the board of trade with the consent
of the treasury may from time-to time
prescribe, either generally or as re
gards any specified district or class of
applicants. In making advances care
is to be taken to avoid unduly encour
aging rural laborers to migrate from
the country to the towns or between
Great Britain and Ireland. The ad
vance ts not to exceed the amount re
quired to defray the applicant's fare
to the place of employment and Is to'
be made by the provision of a ticket
or pass or in exceptional cases in cash:
The question of 'strikes and lockouts-
was given very careful consideration-
by the framers of the general regula
tions, and the following rules have
been adopted governing this matter:
Any association of employers or
workmen may file at a labor exchange
a statement with regard to the exist
ence of a strike or lockout affecting
their trade In the district. Any such
statement shall be signed by a person
authorized by the association for the
purpose. Such statement shall only
be In force for seven days from the
date of filing, but may be renewed
within that period for a like period.
and so on from time to time. If any
employer who appears to be affected
by a statement so filed notifies ta a
labor exchange a vacancy or vacancies
for workmen of the class affected, the
officer In charge shall Inform him of
the statement that has been filed and
give him an opportunity of making a
written statement thereon, The of
ficer In charge, in notifying any such
vacancies to any applicant for em
ployment, shnll also inform him of the
statements that have been filed. 1
All of the expense Is borne by the
government, a, special appropriation
being set aside for the purpose.
State to Have Real Printer.
Oklahoma printers are jubilant over
the new state printer bill passed at
the present session of the legislature.
This act provides for the election of
the state printer and requires candi
dates to have at least eight years' ex
perience as u journeyman printer, and
the term "Journeyman printer" is de
fined as a printer wrfo, has served an
apprenticeship of at least four years.
LUNCH AT THE FACTORY. '
How the Silk Mill Girls Partake of
Their Midday Meal.
I have implied that the eating of tie
midday meal is a very haphazard oper
ation. Only in the rarest cases is a
separate lunch" room provided. In a
study of thirty-two factories in a sin
gle industry we found ju.it two that
did so. The dinner "hour" la almost
universally a half hour, so that only
the few girls who live practically at
the factory door re enabled to go
home. Those who are left have at
their disposal within the mill a seat
on the oily floor or on a bobbin tray Iu
a room which often reeks of ill smell
ing raw material. Iu the summer it is
possible to go out of doors, and where
the location of the factory makes it
practicable this is the general rule.
But sometimes this wholesome alter
native is not offered.
I recall one factory situated on a
bed of fine coal dust between two rail
road tracks. The sole choice lay be
tween a seat ou the coal heap In the
blaze of the sun or on the oily floor of
the mill in an atmosphere where the
noise of the machinery gave no possi
bility of rest. Some of my most vivid
and painful recollections of thf noon
hour call up pictures of weary figures
crouched on a heap of spools, their
heads sunk between their hands as if
to shut out the clatter of the machin
ery on account of the short lunch pe
riod some factories keep their machin
ery in motion instead of shutting it
down their shoeless feet on s floor
strewn with the remains of thejr own
and other luncheons. Florence San
vllle, Secretary Pennsylvania Consum
ers' League, in Harper's.
HELP THE HATTERS.
Every Union Workman Should Wear a
Label In His Hat.
Nothing In the' whole history of or
ganized labor has been more striking,
spectacular or manly than the heroic
struggle of the union hatters of the
country for elementary rights against
frightful odds. That the organization
of this craft has been able to maintain
itself and keep on presenting an un
daunted front to its assailants is really
wonderful. And now it is winning
new triumphs, which is also a remark
able, thing: Recently it gained three
big factories in Philadelphia.
It is the duty of every union work
man to help the hatters all be can. and
one way In which he can be of serv
ice to the heroic and struggling union
is by demanding the union label In ev
ery hat he buys and getting his friends
to do the same. This will not cost
him much exertion, and it will be of
substantial benefit to an organization
that has suffered much and is entitled
to all credit for the manner In which
It has met the issues involved without
quailing in the presence of its foes or
surrendering anything of Its manhood.
The Philadelphia houses which have
returned to union conditions complain
bitterly of the manner in which they
were treated by the Manufacturers'
association and declare they have had
enough of fighting the unions. Minne
apolis Union Advocate.
British Laborers Warned.-
Courtenay W. Bennett, British con
sul general at New York, in bis annual
report to the British government cau
tions emigrants against assuming that
New York is an Eldorado for the
workingman. "It is not." he i says.
"The expenses of living are so high
and so constantly rising that a 'man in
regular work in the United Kingdom
at lower wages is as well if not .better
off than his fellow workmen in New
York at the higher wages here, 1 while
If out of work be is better off at home.
It is- estimated that to live- in decency
here- a man with a wife and two children-
must spend just $1,090 a year."
For Better Living Conditions.
Boston Central Labor union dele
gates' have Indorsed the principle of
old age- pensions, called for a more-adequate-
and effective inspection of
the- .factories and workshops of the
state and- favored tbe calling of a state
convention of representatives of all
the centraF labor unions in the state
for the- purpose of discussing the best
means of bettering the health conditions-
ia the homes and workshops..
LABOR BRIEFS, i
New York, ministers are aiding letter
carrier ah in their crusade ior a national
law assuring one day of rest iu seven
for all mall men.
' Unionists of Nova Scotia are going;
to- attempt to secure the enactment of
a law compelling employers to recog
nize and treat with organized labor.
The sheet metal workers of Toledo.
O., are revising their constitution.
making it compulsory to attend a
night school maintained by the union.
The members are striving to increase
Four hundred and fifty thousand
wage earners in Greater New York
are receiving wages smaller than $300
a year, the "minimum of decency"
fixed by tbe annual report of the com
mittee on congestion of population.
The Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn
railroad recently aunounced a '5 per
cent wage increase for every employee
to date from March 31. It is tbe third
increase voluntarily granted by tbe
road since 1003. The total wage in
creases since that time average about
20 per cent.
The United Brotherhood of Carpen
ters and Joiners, the second largest in
ternational union in the country, has
sent a letter to Its various locals an
nouncing that the twenty-ninth anni
versary of its Institution will occur In
August. The letter nnnounces that
each local in expected to observe the
He Saw the First Part of a Drama
and Wat an Actor In the
By BEVERLY WORTHINGTON.
Copyright, 1910. by American Press
I am a surgeon, and my home is in
Florence, Italy. When a young man I
studied at a college of physicians and
Burgeons in my uative country, Amer
ica, but, possessing ' a taste for art,
concluded to change my profession.
Coming here to Florence, I studied art
for awhile, but soon saw that I did
not possess the talent necessary to
make an artist Having fallen iu love
with this delightful city, 1 remained,
hanging out my shingle as a surgeon.
One night 1 attended a ball at the
Pitti palace. It was my first appear
ance among the aristocracy of Flor
ence, and I was much Interested in
watching the people there, few. of
whom I bad ever seen. A young girl
with a gentleman attendant on each
side of her walked by me. The ap
pearance of tbe three told a story.
The man on her left was young, hand
some, in every way attractive. Be on
her right was past middle age and
disagreeable looking as tbe other was
engaging. As they passed me he gave
the younger man a malignant look.
The girl appeared to be much troubled.
It was plain that her heart was with
the man on her left, that she was con
strained to choose the man on her
right and that the two men hated each
other on her account.
"Everywhere." I remarked to my
self, "tbe stream of life Is troubled.
To be rich, to be prominent, does not
render one immune from that which is
disagreeable. Happy love has evident
ly come to this young girl, to be inter
fered with by one who, judging from
her expression, has some claim upon
her. How I should like to know tbe
As I thought the last words I little
dreamed that within a few hours a
climax would come In the drama be
ing enacted by these three persons
and that I would come upon the stage
for a, minor part. When I left the
palace J went directly to my rooms
and to bed., An hour later I was
awakened from a sound - sleep by a
violent knocking. I arose, slipped on
a gown and opened the door. 'Two
gentlemen In evening dress stepped
into the room.
"You are tbe American surgeon, I
believe?" said one. v
"At your, services" I replied.
"You are wanted to attend a man
dangerously wounded." said tbe other.
You are chosen partly on account of
your standing in your profession, but
principally because yon are not one of
our circle. We do not like our affairs
to be known. I must ask you to per
mit me to blindfold you."
I objected to this, but one of the
men put his hand to his hip pocket and
drew forth a small pistol with mother-of-pearl
mountings, while the other
produced a stiletto. I picked ' up my
bag of instruments and suffered them1
to tie a handkerchief about my eyes.
They led me oat to tbe sidewalk, told
me to raise my foot, and I stepped into
"Drive a roundabout way." I heard
one of tbe gentlemen say.
"No." interposed! the other. H may
Meed to death We must go as quick
ly as possible."
There was no need to make turns.
for I had no' Idea where they were
taking me. In- what I supposed t be
ten minutes the carriage stopped1. 1
was helped out and! soon by the in
creased warmth- of the atr felt myself
to be In a building. Then I mounted
steps, and at hrat the bandage wns
taken off my eyes. I was standing
beside a bed on wfiivh lay mirabil'e
dicta the young man t had seen walk
ing oo the left of the- jrtrl at the Pttrt.
1 knew too well the danger of show
ing any sign of recognition.
"Seoore Dottorl;"" he- said with a fee
ble voice, "I have beet stabbed on the
left side here." uncovering. "It Is near
It was near the- heart, trot had for
tunately just escaped thwt organ. After
an examination I assured the patient
that If he kept perfectly quiet till the
wound should heal he would recover.
But I thought that, considering its
close proximity to a vital organ, a sur
geon should remain with him until a
healing should be established.
"Then." said one of the raep who had
brought me. "yon must remain. We
9o not care that two surgeons should
be introduced here Just now."
"But my practice my patients?"
"All damages to your practice shall
be liberally paid for."
I made a virtue of necessity and as
sented. Meanwhile I had bandaged the cut
and when I had finished' turned and
looked about me. I was In one of
those old palaces, as they are called
In Florence, belonging to some influ
ential family. The furniture, at least
some of it. must have been several
hundred yenrs old." The bed on which
the wounded man lay was canopied.
On tbe walls were paintings, some of
which I recognized as masterpieces of
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
There was no one Iu the room except
the two men who brought me and the
patient. I directed that a large lounge
of antique pattern should be made
comfortable for me to sleep on. as It
would be best for me to be very' near
the patient. Then the men who bad
brought me left, one of them first say
ing to me:
'Senore Dottori. we are very glad to
hear you say that tbe patient has so
good a chanc. for his life. When you
leave here be discreet and all will be
well with you, but if you talk well,
all I have to say Is you will not talk
I remained a week at the palace, the
name of which I did not know. In
deed. I was not permitted to leave the
room of the patient, my meals all be
lng served there. My mail was
brought me, and It was amusing for
the first day or two to read the mes
sages of my patients with reference to
my sudden disappearance. Then I ask
ed those who had kidnaped me to
leave word at my apartments that I
had been called to Sienna on u very
Important case. This had tbe effect to
quiet those who sought me.
My patient turned out to be as en
gaging a man us I had deemed him to
be when he passed me in the Pitti
"Your effort," I said to him one day.
to keep your drama it came very
near being a tragedy from me would
possibly have been successful bad it
not been that I was at the ball at the
Petti palace the night you were stab
bed. I saw you pass me with the man
who stabbed you and the lady for
whom you were stabbed. So you see
it wo"' ' safer for you to tell me
the v ry, since' I have a part
of It. " .ing myself to secrecy,
rather i. .. 40 permit me to go away
with what I already have unpledged."
He was not only very much aston
ished, but saw the reasonableness of
what I said. .
"I did not notice you." he replied,
"at tbe ball and supposed tbat you had
no position in court society. An Ital
ian surgeon would have been uuavall
able for us. We are all so interlaced
socially, those below constantly watch
ing those above and all watching one
another, that we dare not trust nuy
one of our own number. You. as an
American, are not mixed In our jeal
ousies, our disputes, our"
"You are wrong there. Thee are
no assassinations in modern Italy. 1
fought with the Duke But I will
tell yon the story and have every, con
fidence that you will not reveal It.
"I am Count Baradini. and . my an
cestors have lived in this palace since
the twelfth century. The man you
saw on the other side of the senorina
at the ball was the Duke of Abolino.
a relative of the king. The senorina
herself Is tbe daughter of the Countess
Francoccio, an old family tbat sprang
up under the Influence of Lorenzo de'
Medici, commonly called Lorenzo tbe
Magnificent. Senorina Blanca Fran
coccio and myself have been lovers
ever since I was sixteen and she four
teen years old. Upon her entrance into
society lately cj her eighteenth birth
day the duke saw her and became de
sirous of possessing her. He Is a
widower, very rich and has great in
fluence with the king. Soon after see
ing Senorina Bianea be made a formal
application for her hand. Her mother
her father is dead urged ber to ac
cept what is to be considered in a
worldly point of view a better position
than I could give ber. To be a duchess
and rich is higher in the worldly scale
than to be a countess and with no pos
sessions except this old palace. As for
Blanca. her heart is all mine, as mine
is hers, and if left to . ber own will
she would refuse tbe duke to marry
me. ' Indeed, rather than wed with
him she declares she will go into a
"Tbe duke was expecting to have
bis own way in the matter when at
tbe recent ball at the Pitt) he discov
ered tbat I was his rival. 1 was with
Senorina Blanca a few minutes before
we passed you. when tbe duke joined
her and. by a look bade me give way
to him. I asked the lady .to go with
me into another apartment. Sbe as
sented; whereupon the duke went with
us. On reaching tbe other room Blan
ca showed tbe duke so plainly tbat his
presence was not desirable that be left
us, giving me a malignant look as be
did s" -hut plainly meant I am a
man much importance to be in-
terfe ib by such as you.
"On leaving the palace tbe duke, who
took ocasldb tw go out at the same
time as I. jostled me. Seeing that I
must have It out witb him. I sent him
"Just at present the king would be
furions if be knew that members of
tbe nobility to whom be looks for sup
port, especially his relative, bad fought
a duel. If 1 were known to have sent
a challenge to the Duke of Abolino I
should in some way be made to suffer.
I met him within an hour after we
left the Petti: but. realizing my posi
tion, I did not dare even pink bim.
He came very near killing me. as you
see. and 1 doubt not will be disappoint
ed If I recover.
"The duke and my second joined In
'erence as to how to keep the mat
a secret and decided to call upon
you to attend me.
"There you have the story so far as
it has been enacted." '
The balance of tbe tale I learned
from Count Baradini after he had re
covered. Senorina Bianca was com
manded by her mother to marry the
duke, and the king sent a message to
say that he would be pleased at a
match between ber and bis well be
loved cousin. Despite these commands
and requests the girl flatly refused to
marry any one but the man she loved,
and when those who were conspiring
against ber found It Impossible to
move her they desisted, and finally her
mother gave a reluctant consent tbat
she should marry the count.
When the wedding came off I 'was
present and had a pleasant chat with
the bride about ber husband's wound
ing, of which sbe bad been kept In Ig
norance till tbe affair had blown over.
They Have Risen Up Wherever
LEADERS OF ALL PR0GRESC.
To the Men Who Were Not Afraid to
Oo What They Knew to Be Right
the World Owes All the Advance It
The word "agitator" is a favorite
one with corporation officials. In the
corporate view it includes any one who
hus the courage to stand up and ex-
nruoa hlu miiii-ii-fliiiiia unit (in1n1.inao.ktk
I" " " . .v ........ 1 vu
cerning abuses that exist in tbe serv
ice. But this blind antagonism is not
altogether confined to corporations.
There are some people who are bit
terly opposed to agitators and who.- if
they could only have their .own way.
would eternally silence them by proc
ess of law. and some of these people
are good people, too. and call them
selves Christians, though how a real
downright, honest, conscientious Chris
tian can take such a iKisitiou we ut
terly fail to understand. The agitator
is to society what a stream of pure '
spring water is to a pool stop the flow
and the pool stagnates, becomes cov
ered with scum and throws off Its
deadly malaria on the surrounding air.
It is the agitator that keeps society ,
from stagnating and imparts life to
the community iu which he moves.
The agitator holds au honored place
in history in fact, the most honored.
Moses was au agitator. He dared to
stand out and agitate for better con-'
iiitinfin for rhf iiiiiilrin nf lemul unit
he had to flee from Egypt for his life
because he protested against the bond
age oi uis peopur. ( ujijan was an agi
tator who protested against the wick
edness of Abab and a corrupt court,
and he had to See Into the wilderness
to escape tbe vengeance of the kiug.
rlous agitator. He was what the
modern capitalistic apologist would
call a calamity howler. And agitator
could be placed opposite tbe name of
uearly every old time prophet.
Jesus Christ was the greatest of all
airitntors. Hp enme ni'iiiiiiiindiniT n
doctrine that would literally turn the
whole world right side up. and be was
bounded to tbe death aud crucified be
cause be taught the doctrine of human
brotherhood and the application of tbe
Paul was a mighty agitator, and be
had for company tbe brotherhood of
tbe apostles. 1 , . . . .
Garrison was an agitator when be'
protested against human slavery, and
he was rotten egged and had many
narrow escapes for bis life.
Tbe reader of history is aware that-
whpwvpr rvrannv hsii rAfemurl nrhnr.
Qtrai T"i (. ti f hack pluikn nn k-i nifkwfhmitv
the wrong, the agitator has always
first got in his work. It is the agitator
that always leads and swings aloft the
hammer of the truth. The agitator
is tbe man who is not content witb
things as tbey are, but desires to Im
prove them. He is the man who be.
things and higher ideals. It is no-
wonder that wrong-doers in hitrh nlaces.
that corrupt corporations and unprin
cipled politicians, decry and misrepre
sent loe agitator. xuey Know wuai
his work means, and if the people were
wise denunciations from such a source
should be tbe best certificate of char
acter. -LU uie wic wuu uuvv sucu u uvi;
and unreasonable dread of the agita
tor we might remark that there is one
and that country is China. China '
is the stagnant pool where all Is calm
repose and where no turbulent life
giving stream disturbs ana agitate
Ti . ncvAt. .hininnF till f What
LUU ft... . . Vft.UUt.kUt3 0U. .....ka k.Uk..
China is Christendom would be but
out and protest against unjust condi-
Tbank God, reader, tbat yon live in
a land where tbe agitator is a possi-
unity, xlf uui kri i iui niiatwu ii
an unfailing indication of life. Where
there Is no agitation there is death... '
oxriKers rue ouigivn ui (m iruH,
Rev. Dr. George Chalmers Richmond.
r i - - P.l Jf. ft I -
pastor of St. John s Protestant Jfiplsco-
pal church. Philadelphia, in a recent
13.71 111 W 11 VU k Uk.lUA.VU .U U1VUC1U
Ufe" declared there has. been a con- :
tmuous crocinxiou going on auu luai
tne prosperity oi tne nation nas sen-
nnalv 11 i.M 1 1 mill I? iillTM-l 11 ir f thfl ttTk)-
ley 1.1 tivtT. ui . aiuuluvuu uiu. ,
"These men who represent large
financial interests should assume : a
greater degree of responsibility for the
1 . 11 Il Tl I 1. .. .1 . t .J .
have so far shown. They seem to fear
getting down on tbe level with hard
handed workingmen. The present
strike shows the absolute need for a
"How nobly have our strikers dis
played their devotion to Christ's cause!
Tbey are true missionaries . of the
cross, and I ball them as worthy to
stand before any band of eastern cru
saders who. tried in ages past to save
the sacred tomb. They seek to rescue
Buueiuig uuuiauiiv uuiu luv vn 1 v&
greed, selfishness, evil mindedness and
vulgar human ideals."
The Wisconsin Industrial insurance
committee has made good progress In
its investigation of the cost or acci
dents and now has Hinder considera
tion the first draft of a bill which prior
to a new series of public bearings to
W UCIU IU Allll 11 11 1 w DVUl w ftukui.-
facturers and . to labor organizations
throughout the state. '
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