The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-????, November 21, 1908, Image 2
Tilt WAGEWORKER By W. M. MAUPIN LUCOUI, RBBRAIK1 The Woman and the Collar. Society may assume that the sign oi ,woman'a emancipation from the seclu (fUon of the harem or the slavery of the teavege tribe is her education, or her domestic rcspouslbility. Not at all. The (symbol of her freedom to do as she pleases and to be what she pleases is Bier possession of the right to wear the knascullne linen collar. Comfort, trim pees, respectability, dignity are all en drenched behind the spotless white of the carefully laundered band. Safe in pts firm grasp, a woman may be active lor Idle, warm or cool, calm or excited. jThe history of the collar is interesting In its present form it is, of course, a modern device. Those who would It race it to tho necklace of teeth col lected by the savage mistake its real significance It began its existence in civilization, not in barbarism. The ruff invented to hido a royal scar evolved Into the lace ruche and the linen band. The Byronic collar proclaimed laxity of morals, as tho white stock declared for the stern virtue of the Puritan. But the conventional modern collar has encircled the neck of the modern freeman for many years, and has ap parently established its claim as a kind of insignia of liberty. Let the woman beware how the charms of lingerie or laco beguile her from her right in tho plain linen collar, urges the Youth's Companion. When her role i that of princess or queen, she nay don the necklace or the ruffle. IWhen she claims her right to a fair partnership, a good day's work and a ishare of the profits be they gold or truth ot love let her wear happily the "white linen yoke, at ouce buckler and badge. Constitution island, which the gen erosity of Mrs. Russell Sage has pre sented to the United States govern ment as an addition to the West Point reservation, was once a strategic place. During the revolution a gigan tic chain was stretched from it to tho mainland to prevent British warships from making their way up and down the river. At first, so say the records, the chain sank so that boats could float over it; this difficulty Was at last obviated by the use of a log boom. Several of the links have been pre served as curiosities, notably at the Washington headquarters at Newburg, ano at Trophy Point on the West Point plateau. Constitution island was the home of Susan Warner, who wrote under tho pseudonym. Elizabeth Wetherell.. Here "The Wide, Wide ;World," "Queechy" and a score of books of religion and romance were composed. Miss Warner is buried near the Cadets' monument in the West Point cemetery. Her sister, Miss Anna Warner, who also wrote many novels, still lives on tho Island. In presenting the island to the nation, Mrs. Sago announced that Miss War ner is a Joint donor, inasmuch as she has "steadily refused, from patriotic motives, to accept offers to sell from private parties, who were willing to give more than the government could afford. She is to have the nse ot her old home while she lives. Convention requires that the writer of a letter shall at the beginning and end of his epistle express, if ho does .not feel, respect for the person whom ;he addresses. Sarcasm, vituperation 'and virulent hostility may be intro duced by "Dear sir," and followed by "Very respectfully, your obedient serv ant." The writers ot "baboo" English in India some ot them, at least are more consistent. A sympathizer with the sedition now iu progress in India lately wrote a letter to an English of ficial, which is printed in a London paper, which begins, it is true, with "Dear sir," but concludes with this sentence: "Hoping you are not in good health, I am your enemy, Gemajl Tim. ajl." ere and iD foreign Qiroes i. Edward Punroy-Kccd Prof. Dolbeare of Tuft's college has found that at 60 degrees Fahr. the rate of the chirp of crickets is 80 per minute; at 70 degrees Pahr. the rate Us 120 per minute, a change of four chirps per minute for each change of one degree. Prof. Dolbeare also notes that tho individual crickets chirping by themselves observe no great regu larity, but in chorus they keep in time as if led by the wand of a conductor, Again, the professor asserts that crick ets in adjoining fields, preserving the same rate per minute, will follow dif ferent beats as of their respective con ductors, "as one may easily perceive by listening." if' St I x x y:wi : L. ii i ii ' mZjiu JiiiiniJmi Mir 1 Hope Abandoned After Physician Consultation. Mrs. Enos Shearer. Tew and Wash. tngton Sts., Centralla, Wash., says: "iDr years I ,-was ; weak and run dowE, could not sleep, my limbs swelled and the secretions were troublesome; pains were intense. I was fast in bed for four months. Three doc tors said there wsk cure for me and I was given up to . Beinsr ureed. I used Dorm's Kid ney Pills. Soon I was better and in a few weeks was about the house, well and strong again." Sold by all dealers. 50 cento a. hoi. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. T. At a recent special session the Geor gia legislature passed a law which vir tually ends the convict-lease system. Heretofore men convicted of penal of fenses have been leased to contractors for work of certain kinds. They were forced to toil in chains, were poorly fed and ill clothed, and in many cases subjected to hideous cruelty. The sys tem also tended toward corruption in the administration of the laws, and was altogether evil. Georgia Is to be congratulated upon having rid itself of the system. T7" -1 . ..1. I I Pnd our chests and don yy I our "came over on the luaynower express ion when some one mentions the origin of Thanksgiv ing. Unhesitatingly we lay claim to the honor of having the "only original" Thanksgiving day on the globe. Then along comes a long-haired historian with his array of facts and our pride receives a shock. There is hardly a country In the world which does not give thanks for one reason or another. Some have bet ter reasons ' than others, but they all claim to have sufficient excuse for being grateful to Bet aside one day each year. Thanksgiving day was held long be fore the timber for the Mayflower or the Anne was -planted. It had its origin in antiquity when the Romans and Greeks held a fast day in October which they dedicated to the goddess of agriculture and followed the day of fasting by one of feasting and royal frolicking, a day on which the chase and all sorts of rustic sports held sway. Going even further back into the remote ages of not our country, alas but of the world, we find the early Egyptians Betting aside a day for general thanksgiving and burning of incense and offering sacrifices to their divinity of the crops, the Goddess Isis. For seven or eight days the Jewish "Feast of Tabernacles" was, centuries ago, held during the seventh month, which is November, and after the completion of Solomon's temple the people that year held a 14-day festival which was a time of thanksgiving, and during which time they gave thanks for the abundance of their land. Living in booths tbey decorated their entire homes with branches of the palm and of citron trees and then showed that It was for the yield of the season as well as for the completion of the temple that they were giving thanks. Coming forward a century or two we find Thanks giving day being held in England under the name of "Harvest Home." This day was usually early in November and it opened by a church service, which was followed by a day of gayety and feasting. Thanks were given in the churches for the benefits of the season and then the "masses" flocked to the grounds of the "classes," to which they were all invited. Here squire and gentry entertained the peasantry with free and easy dances, in the barns, wrestling matches and feats of archery, for which prizes were given. In the evening harvest songs were sung by the light of the moon, over the beer and ale, which -flowed freely. A dinner, such as only the early Eng lish knew how to prepare, was served to these great crowds of thanksgivers, and the Harvest Home day ended in repletion both of appetite and merrymak ing. Before the Reformation a special day was set apart in England for giving thanks, and after the reformation the custom was continued with added fervor, but after all, it is not from our English an cestors, as we might suppose, that we received the Inspiration for our first Thanksgiving day. Neither did the idea originate with the Pilgrims themselves. They, merely continued a custom with which they had become familiar and of which their natures approved, when they were living with their Dutch cousins. To digress just a little: It fas been claimed by some investigators who stopped just a little short of the beginning in tracing backward that the first real Thanksgiving day of true American meaning was held by the Popham colonists of Monhegan, but as they were Episcopalians and gave thanks every week in their regular church ritual this must be blackballed and cast out of our calculation. And now to return to the Pilgrims and the cus toms they absorbed while protected in Holland. The pious Dutch, before the Pilgrims flocked fo their peaceful land, had set apart October 3 on which to give thanks for their harvest, but more especially for their deliverance from Spanish authority. The day opened in this Vutev-loeked laud with a great ringing of bells and over every shining doorsill there stepped into the crisp morning air the house-, hold's full number. Each Hans or Gretchen, clasp ing a silverbound prayer book, walked sedately to the various places of worship and there, lifting up their sweet Holland voices, harsh, perhaps, in speech, but full and round in song, sent up musical praise for the freedom of their land and the good things of the earth. Church over, the entire population-for the nonce broke through their usual stolidness and there was a general scampering of young feet in game or dance and a clattering of older tongues in friendly gossip as neighbor visited neighbor or a father wel comed his large flock of grandchildren. The great event of this Dutch Thanksgiving day was dinner, at which was served as central dish a queer stew of meat and vegetables which they called Spanish hodge-podge. For once in their prac tical lives the Hollanders 'became facetious, and over this hodge-podge they made merry and cracked jokes at their old-frme enemy Spain. The general "hash-like" appearance of the hodge-podge was sup posed to represent tho condition of the Spanish army when the Dutch had vanquished it. Even the children entered into the fun and kept their history fresh by gleefully slashing into a potato or a turnip and chuckling as they swallowed the mor sels, "This Is General So-and-So ah! "Me eat him -so!" Well, the Puritans heartily approved of the early religious services of the morning and their healthy appetites could not fail to appreciate the Spanish hodge-podge, however much they may have dis approved of the sentiment which flavored it, so they entered most heartily into tho Dutch Thanksgiv ing of October 3. In 1623 these Pilgrims held Oc tober 3 as a day of Thanksgiving in the New World, and here we have our first true American Thanks giving day. This day has passed through many vicissitudes since that date. There is not a festival on the al manac, fixed or movable, which has had the strug gle for existence that, our November holiday has endured. From 1623 until 1030 Thanksgiving day was held in America in various months, some of the Pilgrims keeping to October S and other colonists holding a different day by order of the governor. In 1630 the people of Massachusetts were suffer ing for food and clothing and Gov. Winthrop hired tho good ship Lyou to return to England for sup plies. For many days the vessel lay stranded off the Isle of Shoals, but finally put out. Winter came on apace, and nothing was heard Of the ship. The colonists were nearly disheartened when, on Feb ruary 22, 1631, the Lyon was sighted, arad the gov ernor ordered that the day be given over to feast ing and thanksgiving. This is the first written record of a Thanksgiving day in Boston; it can still be found in the Colonial Records of Massachu setts. It is an interesting fact that this first Bos ton Thanksgiving was held on what is now one of our most patriotic holidays, Washington's birthday.- The first record of a joint celebration of Thanks giving day is given in the Colonial Records of 1632, when Gov. Winthrop of Massachusetts bay, asked th governor of Plymouth ccloriy to join him in is suing a proclamation of a public Thanksgiving' day. The invitation was accepted, and in November, 1632, Plymouth colony and Massachusetts Bay colony cele brated Thanksgiving day to gether In a manner pretty much the same as their de scendants of to-day, in re ligious service and feasting and funmaking. The one noticeable omission was the great football game which marks the day in our generation. From 1632 until 1677 the- New England records show that 22 dif ferent dates were set apart by the various governors as days for pub lic thanksgiving, and that with the exception of the two colonies men tioned no two held the day on the same date. The celebrations, how ever, were held in October or No vember. . In 1677, as other denominations had crept into Plymouth colony. over which the Puritan church had no ruling, the governor decided that it would be well to have the power of fixing public holidays, "whether for feasting, praying or funmaking," vested in civic au thority. Accordingly in that year the first printed Thanksgiving day proclamation was printed. Thanks eivine dav nroclamation Was print ed, setting November 25 as the festival. The law reads: "That it be in the power of the governor and as sistants to command solemn dates of humiliation by fasting, etc., and also, thanksgiving as occasion shall be offered." This shows that the law called for only "occasional" Thanksgiving days and so the holiday was but feted about hither and yon, from October to November, according to 'the pleasure of the rulers-of the colonies and there never was any feeling of certainty as to the holi day. - That it was held annually with out break in Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonv from its inception until 1689, with the ex ception of the year when King Philip's war inter rupted, there are records to show. In this colony the church and government alternated In arrang ing the date of celebration. GEORGIE ON THANKSGIVING Thanksgivin' day comes once a year because tho Pilgrim band Was thankful that they had the sense to leave their native land And come across the sea to find a stern and rock- bound shore Where they would never haft to bow to bosses enny more, Where thieves would not break in and steal and trusts would never try To gobble everything and let the little dealer die. We celebrate Thanksgivin' day because the Pit grims came In search of freedom where they knew that they would find the same, Where men would be as brothers, where the strong would aid the weak, Where libburty would raise her flag on every crag and peak, Where billionaires would never dare- to cheat for profits' sake Or break the laws that other men were not al lowed to break. We celebrate because the hopes hoped by that Pilgrim band Have all come true, because there's not an evil in our land, . Because we have no wealthy rogues to plan and ' plot and scheme To make the libburty we claim a vain and empty dream, Because our magnates go to church and teach in Sunday schools, And everywhere from sea to sea the Christian spirit rules. We keep Thanksgivin' day because the man who does his best To be an honest citizen is honored by the rest He may not have a share of stock or own a foot of land, But all our wealthy senators are glad to shake his hand And hear his plea and guard his rights with all the jellus care They ever give the interests of any millionaire, We keep the good old day because no Idle rich ignore The pressing needs of those where Want is scratching at the door, ' Because we have such freedom as the Pilgrims wished to claim, Because we never are oppressed and never splotched with shame. Because we've frightened Greed away and raised our standard high And kept the faith for which our sires were not afraid to die. BED-BOUND FOR MONTHS. no die. A HINT TO GOLFERS. t The Visitor What on earth does- that chap carry that phonograph round for. Is he dotty? The Member No!"'-. 'But he's dumb. So tie has that talking machine to give instructions to his caddie or to make a few well chosen remarks in case ho fozzles his drive or does any thing else annoying. SEVERE HEMORRHOIDS Sores, and Itching Eczema Doctor Thought an Operation Necessary - Cuticura's Efficacy Proven. "1 am now 80 years old, and three years ago I was taken with an at tack of piles (hemorrhoids), bleeding and protruding. The doctor said the only help for .. me was to go to a hospital and be operated on. I tried several remedies for months but did not get much help. During this time- sores appeared which changed to a terrible itching eczema.. Then I began , to use Cuticura Soap, Ointments and - Pills, injecting a quantity of Cuticura- Ointment with a Cuticura, Suppository . Syringe. It took a month of this treatment to get me in a fairly healthy state and then' I treated myself once a day for three months and. after that, once or twice a week.' The treatments ' I ried took a lot of money, and it is fortunate that I used Cuticura. J. H. Henderson, Hopkinton, N. Y., Apr. 26, 1907." . , .- , , , ;, A Riddle. An English paper recently asked it readers for an answer to the follow ing riaaie: .. . -. : . What does a man love more than me. Hate more than . death, or mortal strife; -j That which contented' men desire, The poor have, and the rich require; A miser spends, the spendthrift saves. And all men carry to their graves? All sorts of answers were sent in, but the correct one was declared to Deafness Cannot Be Cured bv local anDlfcatlons. as thev cannot reach the dis eased portion of the ear. Tbere Is only one way tt cure deafness, and that is by constitutional remedies. Deafness Is caused oy an. in nam pa condition ot int mucous lining o.the Eustachian Tube. When thfr tube is In named you have a rumbling sound or'rai oerfect bearing, and when ft is entirely dosed. Deaf ness Is tbe result, and unless the Inflammation can be taken out and this tube restored to Its normal condi tion, hearing will be destroyed forever: nine case out of ten are caused by Catarrh, which ts nothing but an inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces. we will give one uunarea xiouars lor any caw oi Deafness fcaused bv eatarrbl that cannot be cured by nail's Cetarrb Cure. Bend for etroulars. free. Sold by Drueelsta. 75c. . ., Take Hall s Family pills for constipation- ' - Bumped. "I don't believe Titewad has any bump of benevolence." "If he has it's in his wife's name; she is the only member of the family who ever gives anything away." Houston ost. . ' WE SELL GliNS AXD TRAPS CHEAP & buy Furs & Hides. Write for catalog 10E-: N. W. Hide &, Fux Co., Minneapolis, M""1 In point of area, New Orleans Is tbe second largest city In this country. "Guar! Coughing Spells are -promptly relieved by a sin gle aose o Piso's Cure. Tbe regular Q&e of this famous re medy will relieve the worst form of, couphs, colds, hoarse 11 ess, bronchitis, asthma and dis eases of the throat end lungs. Absolutely free from harmiul drugs and opiates. For half a, century the household remedy In millions of homes. At all druggists'. 28 cts.