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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1908)
A Wests in iapan
AUGUST 3 TO 10
f" WHY B
WHY WE OPPOSE INJUNCTIONS
Labor injunctions will be one of the issues during the
ccnring campaign and it behooves all workers to "book
up" on this usurpation of courts.
Here are a few points that will "floor" any defender
of labor injunctions:
From the foundation of our government, injunctions
have been recognized for the protection of property. Sec
tion 917 of the United States Revised Statutes empowers
the supreme court to prescribe rules for its application.
Eule 55, promulgated in 1866, provides that special injunc
tions shall be grantable only upon due notice to the other
Labor injunctions are capitalistic applications of jus
tice, masking under a hypocritical love for courts.
The labcr injunction was invented by Alex Smith, at
torney fcr the Ann Arbor railway in the strike of 1894.
It was applied by Federal Judge Taft, who committed
Frank Phelan to jail for six months, and since then near
ly every court has granted these writs on demand.
Labcr injunctions are not authorized or recognized by
Labor injunctions deny workers a trial by jury a
right accorded the meanest criminal.
Lebor injunctions outlaw acts committed at strike
times tut legal at all other times.
Labcr injunctions empower the court to act as law
maker, judge and executioner.
Labor injunctions class workers as property,
. Labor injunctions make no distinction between proper
ty rights and personal rights.
Labor injunctions rest on the theory that when an ac
tion by workers injures property, fundamental personal
rights can.be enjoined.
Labor injunctions protect dollars at the cost of a free
press and free speech.
Labor injunctions disregard the wrongs of workers in
a desire to protect gold.
Labor injunctions are issued on the sole affidavits of
men who place spies in unions.
Labor injunctions class the patronage of workers and
sympathizers as a property right that cannot be jeopar
dized by a statement of facts.
Labor injunctions still the voice of protest against
the grinding policy of unfair employers.
Labor injunctions differ from injunctions for the pro
tection of impersonal rights.
Labor injunctions guess a violation of the criminal
code will be committed.
Labor injunctions are strike-time "laws."
Labor injunctions are not entitled to the respect of a
Labor injunctions are judge-made laws, thanks to Wil
liam Howard Taft. Toledo Union Leader.
toward making the outsider take more
stock in it.
The labor union should advertise
because men must be reached where
they are. If they will not come to the
labor union, the labor union must be
brought to them. There is no other
The labor union should advertise
because the method is successful in
legitimate business enterprise. To
narrate the story of modern business
adveitising would seem like a fairy
tale. The trades union may be sim
ilarly advertised, and with even great
er success, because it already has at
command, in its membership, millions
of -advertising agents, who, if prop
erly trained might become centers of
influence in behalf of organized labor.
Rev. Charles Stelzle.
TRY THIS ORANGE CUSTARD,
A FISHING TRIP.
Dave Pyle and Chris Peterson cf
the Journal book chapel went to
Ashland last Suturday night and in
dulged in a spell of fishing at the,
milldam. They the dam by the mill
site, but didn t find any fish by a
dam site. Peterson got more bites
tnan Pyle, with the result that he
v as laid up the first of the week with
a view of getting the mosquito poison
out of his system.
WHY THE UNION SHOULD AD
VERTISE. How can a man be expected to Jain
a labor union of which he has not
heard, excepting in a manner which
is repelling, and how can he be at
tracted to the union unless he feels
that the union can give him that
which he really needs?
Tl.ere is no doubt that the average
Kj.kingman is honestly trying to
better his condition. But to whom
fchall he turn? On all sides there are
Individuals and agencies and organi
sations which are making bids to him.
To which of these shall he listen?
Esch of them declare that they are
tie best, and in some cases, the only
(acei-pi-ise which can satisfy all the
luuinss which live mon possess. It
is up t j the labor union to prove what
it can accomplish for him.
It trust be assumed that the aver
: ;;.! rir.n is sincere. Hs must ' be
,sren credit for common honesty. In
t Jt rase, if he has not been won to
the labor union, K must be largely the
labor union's fault. It has not made
its proposition attractive enough. It
has failed to appeal to that man's
best judgment. It is folly to denounce
the man in such a case, because he
h.is not joined the labor union.
It must never be forgotten that
there is no law, and that there will
l;ever be such a law, which will com
pel mea to join the labor union. The
trader union can have nothing but its
tv.erits upon which to depend in seek
lus t secure a greater membership.
It is thus placed in the position of a
solicitor an advertiser who must
30 attractively and so convincingly
present his proposition, that it will
appeal to those who have a perfect
right to buy or not to buy.
It is largely because some unions
have failed to appreciate their posi
tion in this matter, that they have
either failed to grow, or they have in
their rank3 many dissatisfied indi
viduals who were literally forced into
the organization under peculiar cir
cumstances, which may have been
perfectly legitimate, but which did
not include an argument which rest
ed the mind of the candidate, nor
convinced him of the entire wisdom
of the step. It's the business of the
trades union, then, to prove that it
actually expresses, better than any
other organization, the hopes and the
aspirations of the toilers.
It will be agreed that the labor
union is not being given the credit to
which it is entitled, by outsiders with
reference to its history and its pres
ent achievements. It is plainly the
business of the labor union to make
these known to the world. This in
volves an advertising campaign which
must be worthy of the importance of
The labor union should be so ad
vertised that the world may know
that it's adherents are not ashamed of
its work. To engage whole-heartedly
in a movement which shall reveal the
fact that its membership actually be
lieves in the labor union, will do much
NOTICE TO UNION MEN.
In another part of this paper will
be noticed an advertisement of "E-C"
Toasted Corn Flakes. This is
product of the Egg-O-See Cereal Co.,
which is well, known to union men
throughout the country, both on ac
count of its industrial importance and
the friendly attitude it has always
sflown toward the labor movement.
It is a strictly independent concern
and owes no allegiance to any trust".
In pursuance to the movement in
augurated among the working classes
t- give their support and patronage
to the products of concerns as art
nown to be "right" with labor, we
wish to refer particularly to the en
terprise named above. There is not
a better product on the market, and
union men and their families will be
but consulting their own interests in
calling for these goods. The Amer
ican Labor Press association, in re
ferring to this concern, states that
it is one of the very few enterprises
in its line that can be given an tin
restricted endorsement " from the
stand of labor.
Patronize these goods.
Confection That Will Be Appreciated
on a Hot Day.
A delightful dessert, called orange
custard, is made by taking the juice
of a sweet orange and half the rind,
;which has been boiled until tender.
After it has cooled and has been beat
en fine in a mortar, a tea
spoonful of brandy should be added
with the orange juice, half a cup
:or more of granulated . sugar and
the yolks of four eggs. Into this
mixture is poured two cups of boiled
cream or rich milk, and the whole
beaten until the custard is cold; then
It should be poured into custard cups,
with a bit of preserved orange placed
on the top of each cup, and served at
once or set away to cool.
Butter and orange juice is prepared
by mixing the juice of three sweetened
oranges with as many teaspoonfuls of
rose water, then adding the wellbeate
yolks of six eggs, the whites of four
and two cupfuls of powdered sugar.
The mixture should be stirred over a
slow fire till it thickens, then a tabled
spoonful of butter should be poured!
jnto a dessert dish and set away to
VIENNOISE PUDDING IS GOOD.
Dessert Dish That Should Be Serve:
with Sweet Sauce.
Put two tablespoonfuls of granulat
ed sugar into a small pan over the
fire; let it melt and become a rich
brown color, but not black; allow to
cool for a few minutes, then add
three-quarters of a pint of milk. It
will at first cause the sugar to set in
a hard lump. That is quite right;
merely stir it over the fire for a few
minutes, and as the milk becomes hot
the sugar will remelt.
Mix together in a basin . three
ounces of cleaned sultana raisins,
three tablespoonfuls of sugar, the
grated rind and strained juice of one
small lemon and five ounces of bread
cut into small cubes like ordinary
dice. Add the colored milk and allow
(to remain in a cool place for ten min
utes. Beat up two eggs and add them
with one glass of home-made wine.
Let soak for 15 minutes. Pour the
mixture into a buttered mold. Twist
a piece of buttered paper over the
top. Put the mold in the steamer for
about one hour. Turn out and serve
with sweet sauce.
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE
I have been asked to write a book
on the Saloon and the Labor Problem,
which is to be given wide circulation.
and which will serve as a text-book
for those who are studying this ques
tion. It will be quoted quite exten
sively in public addresses and news
paper articles. I am, therefore anx
ious that the statements which I make
shall be absolutely verified, especial
ly with regard to the attitude of labor
toward the saloon proposition.
It will be greatly appreciated if the
readers of this journal will send me
information concerning this subject,
answering as fully as they can the
f. -Mowing questions:
First to the best of your knowl
edge, what percentage of the working
men in your shop are total abstainers?
Second To the best of your knowl
edge, what percentage of the working-
men in your shop frequent the saloon?
Third What is the general attitude
of the membership in your craft to
ward the saloon question?
Fourth What is the chief attrac
tion of the saloon to the workingmen?
Fifth have you any suggestions to
ii ike to a substitute for the saloon?
Sixth Has your national organiza
tion passed any resolutions with re
sard to the use of intoxicating liquor
by your members?
S:venth--Has your national organi
zation any rules with reference to re
ceiving sick or death benefits in the
case of a member who was injured or
killed while under the influence of in
toxicants? Eighth Has any legislation been
enacted by your national body with
tefeitnce to meetings of locals being
held iu the rear of or over saloons?
Ninth Has the Central Body in
you:- city passsil any resolutions with
regard to the use of intoxicating
liquors by its members in and about
the meeting place?
Tenth In the matter of securing
employment, to what doe3 the use or
non-use of intoxicants, or the patron
age 01 the saloon, have any influence
in securing a position?
Eleventh To what extent have em
ployers in your craft prohibited the
use of intoxicants by those in their
If there are any other facts with
reference to this subject or if you have
any personal suggestions to make, I
shall greatly appreciate your co-operation
in giving me the benefit of your
both sides of this question, and shall
be glad to have you give a frank ex
pression of your opinion concerning it.
Address me at 156 Fifth Avenue, New
York. Rev. Chales Stelzle.
Add to one pound pulverized sugar
enough cold water to make a very
thick paste. Wet the sugar all through,
but do not have it in the least thin
or watery. Bring to a boil, taking
care to stir enough to keep from burn
ing. The paste thins as it heats and
.it can be easily stirred. Just as it
boils take it from the fire, put in a few
drops of oil of peppermint; tasting the
mixture to see when the flavor is
strong enough. Go cautiously, as the
oil is very powerful. Mix well so that
the flavor goes all through the mix
ture, then chop from the end of the
.spoon on any hard, smooth surface a
large plate will do. The mixture
should form round drops that harden
at once. If the sugar becomes too
thick before you have the drops all
made heat again and if absolutely
necessary add a few drops of water,
but be sparing of this or you will get
the mixture too thin.
Fresh Rolls Daily.
When molding out ' the loaves - set
aside any desired quantity of the
dough into the ice box. If kept per
fectly cold this will remain sweet an
indefinite time and can be shaped into
;rolls, used as basis for a raisin bread,
coffee cake, or in any way desired.
Allow about 2 hours in a warm
place for raising the dough. If rolls
are desired for breakfast mold them
the last thing before retiring and set
them where they will not be too
warm. They will be ready for the oven
in the morning. In this way fresh
bread stuff in a variety of kinds may
be had all through the week.
For raisin bread add to two cups of
the dough two-thirds of a cup of sugar
and a cup of seeded raisins. Mix thor
oughly and let raise three hours.
Peel and grate as many pineapples
as are desired, remembering that the
sugar loaf pine is best for the pur
pose. Weigh and allow an equal
weight of sugar. Let the sugar and
pineapple heat gradually for 20 min
utes, then simmer steadily after the
sirup reaches the boiling point for
nearly an hour or until it becomes a
clear amber jelly that thickens as it
cools. If extremely juicy some of the
liquor may be strained from the fruit
and canned separately, to be used in
the punch bowl.
Baste Perforation Marks.
Instead of using lead pencils, chalk,
tracing wheels to mark perforations
when cutting out a pattern, run a
basting thread through each perfora
tion. Leave it a good length, knot at
each end, and when pattern is re-
j moved pull double folds of material
apart, cut thread in center, and knot
! lends. By this method the material is
,not disfigured, perforations are exact
ly where they should be, and only one
ipinning on pattern is necessary.
Into a double boiler, beat the yolks
of six eggs, add to them three ounces
of grated chocolate, quarter of a
pound of sugar and one pint of rich
cream. Stir one way constantly until
it thickens. Strain off into a large
bowl. Beat half a pint of cream until
very thick and add to this an ounce
and a half of dissolved gelatin. Mix
this very lightly with, the chocolate
'and cream, then pour off into a mold
and put on the ice to harden.
For Union Workers
Important Happenings in
Industrial Circles in This
Country and Europe $ $
f ssSaWsif SwJf
Cleveland, O. There is a movement
on foot to form a marine alliance
which will take in all lake labor or
ganizations around the great lakes.
The matter was first taken up at a
conference of labor leaders, which
was held in Chicago during the Repub
lican national convention last month.
Later it was discussed at a conference
held here, and while the officials of
one union announced that they would
not go in unless given control, the
men who have planned the new or
ganization say that it will be a go, and
that all the lake unions will be in
cluded in the new body. It i3 not
likely that much will be done in the
way of perfecting the organization un
til next winter. It is claimed that the
engineers are in favor of the move.
Should the new deal go through all
the men In the lake transportation
business, including dock workers, will
bo in one union.
Boston. The annual convention of
the International Typographical Union,
to open in Ford Memorial hall on Au
gust 10, will be the fifty-fourth in the
history of that organization. This will
be the first important convention held
by any laboi organization following
the two national party conventions,
and will be watched with especial in
terest to see If legislation will be in
troduced bearing on the two anti-in-junctipn
planks adopted at Chicago
and Denver. Fully 500 delegates, to
gether with some 6,000 visitors from
Canada and all parts of the United
States, are expected to make their
headquarters in Boston.
Pittsburg, Pa. The largest . pay
rolls distributed among the mill work
ers at McKeesport and Homestead this
year will be events of the present
week, increased activity of the miljs
affording the army of workmen a
chance tc put in more time during the
past two weeks. The National Tube
company, which at its big McKeesport
plant usually employs about 9,000 to
10,000 men, has now on its active list
6,500 men, who, will be paid this week.
As soon as the big plant is completed
in all departments, which will be this
fall, the usual force will be largely in
Philadelphia. Nearly 1,000 men
have been taken back at the Baldwin
locomotive works in this city within
the last three weeks and it is proba
ble that more will be re-employed in
the near future. The Improvement in
business is now so pronounced and
the outlook so much better than it
was that orders have been issued in
creasing the working time from five
to eight hours a day . for five days
every week. Before the industrial de
pression the working force consisted
of nearly 20,000 men. Now there are
about 5,500 men at work.
Detroit, Mich. According to a de
cision rendered by Judge Murphy a
foreign corporation that has failed to
register with the secretary of state
and pay a franchise fee has no status
in court to maintain a suit for injunc
tion to prevent a union from interfer
ing with its business. The point in
volved is one of considerable impor
tance, and will undoubtedly be ap
pealed to the supreme court. The
union men regard the decision aa a
decided victory for them.
Knoxville, Tenn. The mayor recent
ly appointed three representatives of
organized labor to assist in drafting
the new city charter, and through their
efforts it is expected that the initiative
and referendum clause -will be inserted.
Philadelphia. "If a machine worth
10,000 breaks," says Collier's, "the
corporation owning it bears the loss
and pays out next day $10,000 for a
new machine. There Is no talk of
'contributory negligence or 'assumed
risk,' no refined Inquiry into the 'fellow-servant'
rule. If the man running
the machine is killed the corporation
Is exempted by law from bearing any
loss in all except a small variety of
cases; and in that restricted class the
corporation resists by every device the
ultimate payment of damages."
Indianapolis, Ind. James M. Lynch,
president of the International Typo
graphical union, said there is no in
tention of calling off the : strike in
Hartford, Conn., or in any other city.
The strike benefits that have been held
because of the strike began through
out the country in September, 1995,
commonly known as the "eight hour'
strike, will be discontinued on July IS,
jhe said, on the theory that the men
who received benefits have had ample
time to secure positions.
London, Eng. The Welsh miners
are still very energetic In their efforts
to get the nonunion men into the fed
Atlantic City, N. J. Delegates to
the annual convention of the National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters ex
pressed by vote their opposition to
the employment of apprentices under
16 years old. "We believe that the
establishing of an age limit will en
tirely abolish this child labor system
and indirectly benefit the trade by
keeping immature youths out of the
ranks of the apprenticeship," said one
delegate. The recommendations will
be presented to the manufacturers.
Birmingham, Ala. All coal mines in
Alabama which have not been recog
nizing the union started up as usual
Chicago. An agreement is said to
hr.ve been reached by managing offi
cials of the variou3 railroads that the
wages of employes shall remain un
changed for at least three months.
This is with the expectation that by
September either industrial conditions
will have recovered sufficiently to en
able the roads to maintain present
rates, or the necessity of reducing
them will be so apparent as to weaken
the resistance of labor organizations.
While many of the roads have desired
to make a cut none has been willing
to take the initiative, and concerted ac
tion so far has been impossible. The
feeling prevails that a railroad ought
not to cut wages and continue to pay
Washington. A circular urging sub
ordinate anions to affiliate with their
respective State Federations of Labor.
has been sent out by Secretary Frank
Morrison of the American Federation
of Labor. Now that the legal status
of labor organizations is placed in
jeopardy by .recent court decisions, he
says, it becomes imperative that trades
nnionists should be on the alert for
any legislation that may be enacted.
both for and against labor interests.
This is the special function of the state
branches, and to increase the chances
for success in having remedial legisla
tion adopted by the state legislature
they must have the support of every
local union within their jurisdiction.
Sheboygan, Wis. The Crocker
Chair company, the largest chair fac
tory in the world, has resumed opera
tions in both of its plants. The Phoe
nix Chair factory is again running on
a ten-hour schedule and the American
Manufacturing company likewise is
running on a ten-hour schedule. The
Sheboygan Chair company expects to
resume operations as soon as its semi
annual inventory is completed. All
other plants in this city are arranging
to operate on a schedule in force prior
to the financial depression and orders
are again coming in heavily.
London, Eng. The three chief
unions in the printing trades have, it
is announced, resolved to federate, so
that they can -act unitedly in all mat
ters pertaining to work and wages
throughout the United Kingdom. Some
such -arrangement was inevitable after
the decision of the London Society of
Compositors to extend the metropoli
tan area which resulted in some fric
tion between it and the. Provincial
Typographical association. Four unions
have united; the benefits are to be
uniform, and are to be paid from a
Youngstown, O. A settlement af
fecting 10,000 men in Pennsylvania.
Ohio; Wisconsin, Michigan. Missouri
and Illinois was reached at Detroit
between the Western Bar Iron associa
tion and the Amalgamated Association
of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers and the
wage scale signed for the year ending
June 30, 1909. By its terms the pud
dlers are given s cnt of about eight
per cent, in wages and the finishers
an average of about two per cent.
Work will be resumed In the mills
following the settlement.
Indianapolis, Ind. Membership dues
for the Pattern Makers' League of
North America are from 15 cents to
$1 a week, and the national per capita
tax is 75 cents s month. When s mem
ber is out of work, dues are remitted
after four weeks. The sick benefits
are $4 a week; the strike benefits 97
a week, and the death benefits from
$50 to 400.
Washington. Organized labor has
the right of recognition. It does not
deplore nor object against the employ
ers being organized. It is far better
to make a contract between organized
bodies than It is between individuals.
Discipline comes with organization. In
dividuals stand alone without any
force and destroy the right of mutual
contract. The condition is deplorable,
but no one is to blame but the indi
vidual: He stands in the way of col
lective bargaining and better condi
tions. New York. The membership does
of the International Association of
Machinists range from $1 to $1.50 s
month, and the national per capita
tax is 55 cents a month for journey
men and 25 cents for apprentices. . In
regard to out-of-work benefits, there
o i-otnit !ancp nf dues, and the
locals pay the weekly sick benefits.
The strike benefits are from $8 to $6
a week, and the death benefits range
from $50 to $200.
La Crosse, Wis. A nine-hour day
has been announced at the shops of
the Burlington road. Since last Oc
tober these had been running on a
St Paul, Minn. Whether six engi
neers who have the best runs on the
Mason City and Fort Dodge division of
the Chicago Great Western shall be
put back on other divisions of the road
or shall remain where they are, is a
question which the United States
courts will have to decide in the near
future. The case affects the standing
and chances of promotion of between
200 and 300 engineers on the Great
Halifax, N. S. The annual conven
tion of the Trades and Labor congress
of Canada will be held here in Septem
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