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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 12, 1906)
By W. M. MAUPIN
A general who does not want pro
motion now, and begs that it be given
o some one else this is the phenom
enon actually to be found in the army.
The man is Brig. Gen. J. Franklin Bell,
chief of staff. He was selected for his
present position some months ago
much to his regret, he publicly de
clares as he had some work he pre
ferred to do at the Fort Leavenworth
school; and, anyway, he would have
liked it better if this important place
had been given to him later in his
career. Now, by reason of numerous
changes, he is senior brigadier gen
eral, and would therefore be the offi
cer to be promoted to the rank of
major general this week on the re
tirement of Lieut. Gen. Corbin. As
soon as Gen. Bell heard that he was
likely to be promoted, ho went direct
to Secretary Taft and asked as a' per
sonal favor that he be overslanghted
by at least two other officers Gens.
Jesse M. Lee and Theodore J. Wint,
iboth men of much longer service than
himself. Naturally, the secretary
could not resist so unselfish an ap
peal, and Gen. Lee, who retires for
age next January, will be promoted
this week to the major generalcy he
would not otherwise have obtained.
:The army has every reason to bo
proud of Gen. Bell's fine record, re
Imarks the New York Post, but it will
like him all the more for this readi
ness to step aside for others.
The Busy Little Bee.
The commercial . statistics bearing
upon the subject eloquently answer
the question: "How doth the little
busy bee improve each shining hour?"
She improves them, early and late,
In garnering the sweets of buds and
flowers, and the sum total of her gar
nering, it la evident, forms no mean
item in the world's affairs. Germany
leads with 1,910,000 hives and 20,000
tons of honey last year. Spain is a
good second, with 1,C90,000 hives and
19,000 tons of honey. Austria-Hungary
comes close thereafter with 1,
650,000 hives and 18,000 tons of un
adulterated sweetness. France sup
plies 10,000 tons, and Russian bees
are credited with 900 tons. The last
prompts the thought that if only po
litical hornets were honey gatherers,
etc., etc. Despite the lapse of cen
turies the historic "honey of Mount
Ilymettus," celebrated in Grecian
lore, is still on tho market of to-day
and from 30,000 bee hives Greece pro
duced last year 1,400 tons of honey.
Statistics bearing upon the industry
of our own bees have not yet been
published, says the Troy Times, but
It i3 gratifying to obtain the advance
information that the bee industry la
growing here and we have as good
"pasturage" for these personification?
of industry as any country known.
The Thought of Yosemite.
The god of tilings as they should be
meant that his worshipers whose
lives are spent in the pursuit of a lost
chord, a missing harmony between
themselves and things not themselves
should contemplate Yosemite from
the standpoint Qf its meadows, says
Arthur Colton, in The Reader. Its
spirit is defined, human, sufficient,
sheltered from high, desolate and
Sierran ambitions. The thought of
the Canyon of the Colorado is com
pact of color and immensity; that of
Yosemite is not of size, but of pro
portion and charm white water glid
ing in the shadow, still water reflecting
blue: of groves and many colored flow
ers in level fields; and the right rela
tion of all these 'to the smooth gray
domes, and those framing walls, whoso
height is not for terror, but to make
the pines that feather their keen
edges look delicate as ferns.
No higher tribute can be paid to
a foreigner by a Japanese than his
belief in his nower to keep silence;
that power is one of the most tre
mendous sources of the nation's
Btrength, says the World's Work. Much
marvel has been elicited by the in
ivlolate safety during the war of
strategic secrets, the common pos
session of thousands of people at
once. Thero were a few traitors here
and there in the beginning of the
war; there were none when it was
ended. They were discovered and
convicted by their comrades, and
swift and terrible was the execution
of justice upon them. Only in the
service to which they belonged were
these painful incidents known; they
were described when the war was
The captain of the British warship
Montagu, which was run on the rocks
and lost last May, has been sentenced
to be reprimanded and "dismissed
from the ship." Inasmuch as the
ship is now at tho bottom of tho sea,
the latter portion of the sentence is no
doubt calculated to strike terror in
Oklahoma figures it out that it
would take a freight train 203 miles
long to haul its wheat crop this year
More work for the car famine.
NEWS OF TRADE AND LABOR
General Information Concerning Those Who Are Doing
the Work of the World.
Montana miners have inaugurated a
movement looking to the erection of
a home for aged and incapacitated
miners of their state.
A new international labor organiza
tion, composed of railroad building
mechanics, and to be known as the
Brotherhood of Railroad Building Me
chanics, was launched in Boston.
During the first three months of the
present year there were 536 strikes in
the German empire. Last year there
were 2,400 strikes, only 528 of which
were a complete success for the
President Roosevelt has extended
the eight-hour law to apply to all pub
lic work under the supervision of any
department of the government. This
order affects more particuarly work on
river and harbor improvements.
The United Cloth Hat and Cap Mak
ers of America have placed a per cap
ita tax of ten cents per year for sup
port of the tuberculosis sanitarium
conducted by the organization at Den
ver for the benefit of its members.
P. D. MULCAHY.
President Amelgamated Woodworkers'
The bulk of bells used in the coun
tries of the world are made in the
United States, and of these about
three-quarters come from East Hamp
ton, Conn. The industry there is near
ly 100 years old, having, been estab
lished in 1808 by William Barton.
The first general woman organizer
of the American Federation of Labor
is Miss Gertrude Barnum, daughter of
Judge Barnum, of Chicago. She has
recently been appointed to organize
all branches of industries employin
Claims paid for the month of July
by the Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners of America amounted to $21,
514.33. The claim list is growing fast,
and plans are to be considered for
raising additional funds necessary to
care for it.
Meat Cutters and Butcher Work
men's union will hereafter place one
dollar from each initiation fee paid the
union in the sick benefit fund. The
union now pays five dollars a week
this being in addition to a like amount
paid by the international.
The Clyde boiler makers have de
cided to strike if a five per cent, ad
vance in wages is not conceded them.
They had arranged to strike Septem
ber 15, but this was suspended in or
der to permit of a conference between
the employers and workmen. The
former have refused to submit' the
question at issue to arbitration or to
consider any compromise. Ten thou
sand men are involved.
Gov. Guild, of Massachusetts, pre
sented Dennis D. Driscoll, secretary-
treasurer of the state branch of the
American Federation- of Labor, with
the pen with which the former signed
the child labor bill.
The first prosecutions in the District
of Columbia for violation of the na
tional eight-hour law on government
work was begun at Washington, D. C.
when United States Attorney Baker
filed in the police court three informa
tions against the Penn Bridge com
pany, a corporation of Pennsylvania,
and two against the District Construc
tion company of the District of Col um
Another railroad employes brother
hood, the switchmen, has determined
upon a joint move against the rail
roads of the country for higher wages
and a shorter working day. Twenty-
two thousand men are represented in
Xhe switchmen's request. The roads
approached lie in the territory from
Buffalo to the Pacific coast. In Chi
cago the demands were made through
a central committee, headed by Daniel
C. Smith, of the Chicago, Rock Island
& Pacific road. The following notice
was served upon the manager of
every railroad in Chicago:
Attorney General Ellis, of Ohio, ren
dered an opinion for the state railroad
commission holding valid the law giv
ing train crews eight hours' rest after
they have worked 15 consecutive
hours. The supreme court has de-
slared part of the law invalid.
What has been accomplished by the
agitation for the restriction of child
labor is shown in the fact that 14
states have laws prohibiting child la
bor under 14 years of age, 12 states
do not allow the employment of chil
dren at night labor, while in nearly
twice this number of states the child
is emancipated up to 10 or 12 years.
The success of trades unions in rais
ing wages may be shown by the fol
lowing facts: In 1850 the average fac
tory wages were $247 a year; in 1890,
$416. Wages in cotton factories in
1S30 were 44 cents a day; in 1873,
Because the officers of the Republic
iron and steel mills at East Chicago
objected to the presence of union
agents, the engineers went on strike
and tied up the entire plant. The mill
has been run on the open-shop basis,
and it -was feared that the strike
would spread to other steel in
Unless the Grain Exporters' associa
tion increases the wages of members
of the Grain Handlers' union from 35
cents to 40 cents an hour the Port
land (Ore.) water front will be in
volved in a strike affecting between ,
1,000 and 1,200 men. The employers
say that if the grain handlers walk out
men will be imported from Puget
sound to take their places.
From the headquarters of the
American Federation of Labor, a re
port is made as to the state of em
ployment during the last month. The
report states that of the 699 unions
making returns for that month, with
an aggregate membership of 63,500,-
there was 1.4 per cent, without em
ployment. In the preceding month
937 unions, with a membership of 85,-
300, reported 1.5 per cent, unem
ployed. It is reported that the bricklayers'
unions of New York city are about to
establish permanent headquarters for
a general secretary and .treasurer.
They also propose to create a board
which shall examine into the qualifi
cations of all applicants for member
ship of the unions. It is said that this
procedure has become necessary, as
the city is overrun with incompetent
bricklayers, who, as stated by a secre
tary of one of the unions, "were for
merly peanut venders, car conductors,
bootblacks and laborers."
"We, the committee of the Switch
men's Union of North America, repre
senting the switchmen employed on
your system, respectfully submit the
following for your consideration, and
demand that we be given a hearing on
or before 12 o'clock noon, October 25,
1906: Article 1. Eight hours to con
stitute a day's work at the following
rates of pay: Foremen, 42 cents an
hour; helpers, 38 cents an hour. Over
time to be paid for at the above rates.
Strict seniority to prevail, the switch
men longest in service shall have pref
erence of positions." The scale pro
posed represents an increase in pay
of about 20 per cent., with a shorten
ing of time from 12, 14 and 16 hours a
day to a universal height hour day."
"Impetus has been given to the la-,
bor movement in politics by President
Roosevelt's order directing the rigid
enforcement of the eight hour law,"
declared Samuel Gompers, president of
the American Federation of labor. "It
certainly will encourage labor to pur
sue its work of organization in the
campaign, which has been mapped out
in the hope that a larger degree of
justice may be attained." It is under
stood the order is meant particularly
to meet conditions in the interior de
partment, which has charge of reclam
ation work in the arid land regions of
the west, where it was charged the
eight hour law was not observed.
Buildings erected under the treasury
department are also public works
where the eight hour law must be en
forced. Information has been received that
Conductor E. P. Curtis, of the M., K.
& T. at Smithville, Tex., will be ap
pointed grand senior conductor of the
Order of Railway Conductors of the
United Slates to succeed A. P. Clark,
who vacates that office to take a posi
tion on the interstate commerce com
mission, to which he was recently ap
pointed by President Roosevelt. Mr.
Curtis is one of the best known rail
road men in the southwest, and was
formerly chairman of the O. R. C.
grievance committee on the M., K. &
The right of labor unions and their
sympathizers to call on their friend3 to
withhold patronage from a nonunion
tradesman has been declared legal by
Justice Stafford in the district su
preme court of Washington, D. C. In
making this decision Justice Stafford
dismissed the temporary injunction
against the bakery and confectionery
workers' international union, which
had been obtained by a baker who al
leged that he was being harassed by
means of -a systematic boycott, and
that many of his customers had been
asked to trade elsewhere. The prin
ciple at stake, the justice suggested,
was the right of individual liberty.
The last annual convention of the
Pottery Workers' association placed
a ban on the practice of holding raffles
for the purpose of raising money.
At the recent meeting of American
labor commissioners, statisticians,
etc., at Boston, the adoption of the
Dominion fair wage schedule was high
ly praised and many decided to advise
The labor unions of Great Falls,
Mont., have succeeded in obtaining or
ders from both the county commission
ers and the city council that all print
ing done for either the county or city
must in future bear the union label.
NEW FANCY IN EMBROIDERY.
Biedermeier Has Many Qualities to
One of the latest fancies in em
broidery is known as the Biedermeier.
This is in a way a return to the old
style simple embroidery that was in
vogue before the idea of many tones
of color. While different tones are
used, only one tone appears in a sin
gle figure. The embroidery is on
linen, for table covers, scarfs, pillows
and other useful articles.
The designs are stamped, and with
each piece comes the quantity and se
lection of threads and colors to use.
One of the designs, for instance, is
for a pillow cover. In the center is a
wreath, and below this at either side
an orange tree or similar conventional
figure. The wreath is of green leaves
and roses. There are roses of three
or four different shades of pink, but
only one shade is used in a rose. The
one shade of yellow is all that ap
pears in the oranges.
In the center of one wreath is a
minature portrait, the bonnet of one
color, the dress of another, the drapery
of a third. In the center of another
wreath is a portrait in silhouette (in
profile and all black). It would be
quite easy to make this silhouette por
trait that of the giver or the recipient
and thus give an added value to the
The trend of the day is to make
fancywork less difficult than formerly
and to that end are many parts of em
broidery that come ready to apply to
the foundation of whatever is used.
This more simple embroidery will be
eagerly sought, not only for the ease
with which it may be accomplished,
but because it is particularly suitable
for a room having mission furniture.
GOOD METHOD FOR SKIRTS.
Simple and Effective Way of Arrang
ing the Tucks.
There is a simple way to save fu
ture trouble in finishing the bottom of
skirts for young people from tots to
half grown girls. It is better than
letting out tucks in the usual way
when the plain spaces usually come in
the wrong place.
With this plan, which may be used
whether there are or are not other
tucks, the tuck is laid directly over
the hem, making practically two hems,
which, after being pressed, have the
appearance of one.
As in all things, there is a simple
and easy way to accomplish it, the
"way in this case being to turn the
iiower edge of the goods back and
forth in three folds. First, turn under
the tiny raw edge on the bottom of
the skirt and then turn under the hem
two and a half inches deep, which
makes the first fold. Double this back
on the right side the same distance,
creasing the second fold. The three
layers of the cloth are then turned
back under again, which creases it the
third time. This forms a tuck directly
over the hem. When ready to stitch
turn the tuck up and stitch twice, put
ting one row of machining under and
one over the middle crease.
When ready to let the dress down,
rip out the top stitching and the hem
is ready and undisturbed.
The woman of moderate means will
do well to insist upon simplicity in
her furnishings, particularly if her
house is very small or if she must ac
commodate herself to a few rooms.
Let all that she buys be the best of its
kind, even if very simple, and let her
avoid much carved wood work, par
ticularly If she must do her own dust
ing. This Is one of the greatest charms
about the so-called "mission" furni
ture. It presents a good appearance
and does not require much painful and
intricate brushing and chamoising.
It is much better to have a room
fairly bare of furniture for a while
than to crowd it with a lot of odd
pieces which do not suit it, and re
quire much care at housecleaning
The woman who learns that coziness
does not necessarily mean a crowded
look has made a great stride in In
Simple Fumigating Method.
To fumigate, or disinfect, a room,
place an ordinary house shovel over
the fire until it becomes thoroughly
heated (not red hot) ; move to the
center of the room with it and pour on
it an ounce of No. 4 or No. 5 carbolic
The shovel should be so placed that
none of the fluid can run off it onto the
The carbolic acid will be given off
in a vapor which will be strong
enough to disinfect a room, and if gen
uine carbolic is used, which is not a
mineral corrosive acid, the vapor will
in no way injure pictures, metals or
Turquoise Is Popular.
Ladies who have put away in their
jewel caskets tho pretty blue turquoise
sets that were once so fashionable
should take them out at once, as the
turquoise Is to be one of the fashion
able stones of the fall. With black
lace costumes they are especially ef
fective and have been much seen in
the east this summer.
A Table Novelty.
A delightful table novelty is a little
silver attachment to fasten flowers to
a finger bowl. It consists of a tiny
rim of silver fitting over a portion of
the edge of the bowl, with loops to
catch in a fixed position a few violets
or flower buds. The effect is very
Not What He Was Used To,
Ever since John D. Rockefeller be
came an honorary member of the
American Press Humorists' associa
tion stories more or less apocryphal
have been afloat regarding him. It is
beginning to be suspected that some
of them have been invented by his
fellow humorists. One of the latest
refers to an occasion last summer
when he entertained a lot of slum
children at his stock farm1 near Cleve
land. Mr. Rockefeller gave each of
them, among other things, some milk
to drink, part of it at least being the
product of a $2,000 prize cow. "How
do you like it?" he asked when they
had finished. "Gee, it's fine!" re
sponded one little fellow, who added
after a thoughtful pause: "I wlsht
our milkman kep' a cow!"
Starch, like everything else, is be
ing constantly improved, the patent
Starches put on the market 25 years
ago are very different and inferior to
those of the present day. In the lat
est discovery Defiance Starch all in
jurious chemicals are omitted, while
the addition of another ingredient, in
vented by us, gives to the Starch a
strength and smoothness never ap
proached by other brands.
. Ghastly Foreign Pun.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, the
noted American clubwoman, has been
received abroad by royalty, and some
of the foreign papers have the te
merity to declare that she has a
proverbial right to look at a king.
If a man would know himself thor
oughly he hasn't much time to waste
in trying to find out things about his
WHO SHE WAS
SKETCH OF THE LIFE
And a True Story of How the Vegetable Compdund
Had Its Birth and How the "Panic of '73" Caused
it to be Offered for Public Sale in Drug Stores.
This remarkable woman, whose
maiden name was Estes, was born in
Lynn, Mass., February 9th, 1819, com
ing from a good old Quaker family.
For some years she taught school, and
became known as a woman of an alert
and investigating mind, an earnest
seeker after knowledge, and above
all, possessed of a wonderfully sympa
- In 1843 she married Isaac, Pinkham,
a builder and real estate operator, and
their early married life Wjas marked by
prosperity and happiness. They had
four children, three eons and a
In those good old fashioned days it
was common for mothers to make
their own home medicines from roots
and herbs, nature's own remedies
calling in a physician only in specially
urgent cases. By tradition and ex
perience many of them gained a won
derful knowledge of the curative "prop
erties of the various roots and herbs.
Mrs. Pinkham took a great interest
in the study of roots and herbs, their
characteristics and power over disease.
She maintained that just as nature so
bountifully provides in the harvest
fields and orchards vegetable foods of
all kinds ; so, if we but take the pains
to find them, in the roots and herbs
of the field tnere are remedies ex
pressly designed to cure the various
ills and weaknesses of the body, and
it was her pleasure to search these out,
and prepare simple and effective medi
cines for her own family and friends.
Chief of these was a rare combina
tion of the choicest medicinal roots
and herbs found best adapted for the
cure of the ills and weaknesses pecu
liar to the female sex, and Lydia E. Pink
ham's friends and neighbors learned
that her compound relieved and cured
and it- became quite popular among
All this so far was done freely, with
out money and without price, as a
labor of love.
But in 1873 the financial crisis struck
Lynn. Its length and severity were too
much for the large real estate interests
of the Pinkham family, as this class
of business suffered moat from
fearful depression, so when the Centen
nial year dawned it found their prop
erty swept away. Some other source
of income had to be found.
At this point Lydia E. Pinkham's
vegetable compound was made known
to the world
The three sons and the daughter.
with their mother, combined forces to
NO REST NIGHT OR DAY.
With Irritating Skin Humor Hair
Began to Fall Out Wonderful Re
sult from Cuticura Remedies.
"About the latter part of July my
whole body began to itch. I did not
take much notice of it at first, but it
began to get worse all the time, and
then I began to get uneasy and tried
all kinds of baths and other remedies
that were recommended for skin hum
ors; but I became worse all the time.
My hair began to fall out and my
scalp itched all the time. Especially
at night, just as soon as I would get
in bed and get warm, my whole body
would begin to itch and my finger
nails would keep it irritated, and it
was not long before I could not rest
night or day. A friend asked me
to try the Cuticura Remedies, and I
did, and the first application helped
me wonderfully. For about four
weeks I would take a hot bath every
night and then apply the Cuticura
Ointment to my whole body; and I
kept getting better, and by the time
I used four boxes of Cuticura I was
entirely cured,- and my hair stopped
falling out. D. E. Blankenship, 319
N. Del. St., Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 27,
Origin of England's National Debt.
England's national debt originated
in the reign of Wililam III., whoa
first loan was obtained in 1694.
Defiance Starch Never sticks to the
iron no blotches no blisters, makes
ironing easy and does not injure- the
Somehow it doesn't sound just right
when a spinster . asks for a match.
OF LYDIA E. PINKHAM
restore the family fprtnne. They
argued that the medicine which, was
so good for their woman friends and
neighbors was equally good for the
women of the whole world.
The Pinkhams had no money, and
little credit. Their first laboratory
was the kitchen, where roots and .
herbs were- steeped on the stove,
gra.aaa.uy aumg a gross oi bottles.
Then came the question of selling
it, for always before they had given
it away freely. They hired a job
printer to run off some pamphlets
setting forth the merits of the medi
cine, now called Lydia E. Pinkham's.
Vegetable Compound, and these were
distributed by the Pinkham sons in
Boston, New York, and Brooklyn.
The wonderful curative properties of
the medicine were, to a great extent,
self -advertising, for whoever used it
recommended it to others, and the de
mand gradually increased.
In 1877, by combined efforts the fam
ily had saved enough money to com
mence newspaper advertising and from
that time the growth and success of
the enterprise were assured, until to
day Lydia E. Pinkham and her Vege
table Compound have become house-
noia woras every wnere, ana many
tons of roots and herbs are used annu
ally ill lLa manuTftefcure.
Lydia E. Pinkham herself did not
live to see the great success of this
work. She passed to her reward years
ago, but not till she had provided
means for continuing her work as
effectively as she could have done it
During her long and eventful expe
rience she was ever methodical in her
work and she was always careful to pre
serve a record of every case that came to '
her attention. The case of every sick
woman who applied to her for advice
and there were thousands received
careful study, and the details, includ
ing symptoms, treatment and results
were recorded for future reference, and
to-day these records, together with
hundreds of thousands made since, are
available to sick women the world
over, and represent a vast collabora
tion of information regarding the
treatment of woman's ills, which for
authenticity and accuracy can hardly
be equaled, in any library in the
With Lydia E. Pinkham worked her
daughter - in - law, the present Mrs.
Pinkham. She was carefully instructed
in all her hard-won knowledge, and
for years she assisted her in her vast
To her hands naturally fell the
direction of the work when its origina
tor passed away. For nearly twenty
five years she has continued it, and
nothing in the work shows when the
first Lydia E. Pinkham dropped her
pen, and the present Mrs. Pinkham,
now the mother of a large family, took
it up. With women assistants, some as
capable as herself, the present Mrs.
Pinkham continues this great work, and
probably from the office of no other
person have so many women been ad
vised how to regain health. Sick wo
men, this advice is "Yours for Health"
freely given if yon only write to ask
Such is the history of Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound ; made
from simple roots and herbs ; the one
great medicine for women's ailments,
and the fitting monument to the noble
woman whose name it bears.
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