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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1906)
By W. M. MAUPIN
Every great city and many largtij
towns are confronted with the serious
problem of the sanitary disposition ofi
sewage. The effect of the waste nut
ter of one settlement in the water-sup
ply of Its neighbor, not felt in a wide,
thinly populated country, grows dan
gerous as communities by their' In
crease approach one another. The
problem is complicated by the rapid
Increase of knowledge as to the sources
and the distribution of disease-germs.
Some seaboard cities pump their sew
age far out in the salt water, which
largely absorbs and reconverts the
-dangerous matter or precipitates it to
the bottom. But some of the waste
(poisons sea foods, notably oysters.
Cities on great rivers like the Missis
sippi, observes Youth's Companion,
send down polluted water to the cities
below. It does not always reach those
cities in a polluted state, for sunlight
And air kill the germs in flowing wa
ter, and at a certain distance, depend
ing upon the swiftness of the current
and the consequent extent of the ex
posure of all parts of the water to
light and air, it is purifled. Neverthe
less, the only sure safety lies in the
absolute prohibition of discharge from
sewers into any lakes or streams with
water connections, however remote, to
sources of water-supply. It is wiser
to prevent pollution than to try to
purify polluted water by municipal
filtration plants. Prevention is better
than cure, in the proverbial relative
measure or any other, for prevention
Is sure, and purification is not There
Is another side of the question. Sew
age is a valuable fertilizer. Long ago
IVictor Hugo pointed out the riches
that the sewers of Paris were throwing
away. The discharge from a great
city, properly treated, made Into deal
cated fertilizer or pumped through ir
rigation ditches into the surrounding
country, at a safe '-distance from
streams and lakes, enriches the soil
and at the same time is exposed to the
purifying effect of the sun. The bar
ren plains about Berlin have been
turned Into rich farms by the city
sewage. Other European cities have
taken similar neasures in the interests
of health and economy.
R Invested in Amusement Parks.
The estimated investment in sum
mer amusement parks in this country
will reach a total of $100,000,000 this
year, we are told by The Railway and
.Engineering Review. Says this paper:
"'The total number of parks is esti
mated at 2,000, and three-fourths of
that number are controlled by and op
erated for electric railway lines. This
figure for the Investment seems high,
. and the more so when it is known that
the many small resorts, 'gardens,'
groves,' etc., found in every locality
are not included. It is probable, how
ever, that the figure may be accepted
ias representative, though it will corre
spond more nearly to the advertised
cost of each specific resort rather than
the actual cost, the two sums fre
quently being quite different. At any
rate the investment will reach an as
tonishing total, and it calls attention
to an interesting development in trans
"We in America are great mixers,"
Bald Andrew Carnegie in his speech
at the corner stone laying of the Unit
ed Engineering building in New York
recently. Great mixers we are, indeed.
.That seems to be the present mission
of the American republic, remarks the
Mall of that city. We are mixing
philosophies, political systems, eco
nomlcs and religions as well as races
!A social philosopher who knows ui
well, but is able to look at us objec
tively, must wonder whether we are
really combining things in a new and
useful way, or whether we are merely
taking the old world to pieces as a
child or an idiot might take to pieces
the orderly mechanism of a watch and
jumbling the dissevered parts togeth
er in a useless mass.
'' A year ago a Chicago woman
brought a suit against a surgeon who
operated on her for tumor and then
sewed up a pair of forceps in her
body. This was regarded as something
fearful, but other surgeons remarked
cheerily that "it often happened."
Now comes a report from Webster
City, la., of a woman who was op
erated on for appendicitis and in
whose body the surgeon sewed up a
napkin. Perhaps we may yet hear of
one who sewed up in his patient a
door mat or a typewriter. These inci
dents may' go far to make "surgical
Great numbers of vast fortunes la
this country have been and are be
ing built up on the very Ignorance ol
the masses in regard to business meth
ods, says Success. The schemers bank
on it that it is easy to swindle people
who do not know how to protect their
property. They thrive on the Ignor
ance of their fellows. They know that
a shrewd advertisement, a cunningly
worded circular, a hypnotic appeal
will bring the hard earnings of these
unsuspecting people out of hiding
Blaces into their own coffers.
NEW-REYNOLDS REPORT CONFIRMED
President Sends to Congress Documents Con
cerning Packing House Scandal.
In a Letter to Chairman "Wadsworth, of House Committee on Ag
riculture, Mr. Roosevelt Quotes from a Reliable Correspon
dent at Chicago, Who Corroborates the Stories of
Filth and Disease in Packing Plants.
Washington, D. C. In response to
A request from the bouse committee
on agriculture. President Roosevelt
Friday forwarded to Representative
Wadsworth, the chairman of that com
mittee, the report made to him by
committee of the department of agri
culture regarding conditions in the
Chicago meat packing houses. Accom
panying the report was a letter from
the president in which he points out
that there is no conflict in substance
between the Neill-Reynolds report and
that of the agricultural department
Following is the text of the letter
of the president to Chairman Wads-
"My Dear Mr. Wadsworth: In ac
cordance with your request I send you
herewith the two reports of inspec
tion by the committee apointed by the
department of agriculture on April 5
and 13th. This committe had already
been appointed when I notified the
secretary that I desired that such a
commission should be. appointed in
order to make the investigation. Sub
sequent complaints to mo and the con
sideration of complaints already made
showed that the charges were not
only against the packing houses but
also to a certain extent reflected up
on the action of the government in
spectors and I came to the conclu
sion that it was best to have an in
vestigation by outside Individuals who
could not be charged with being in
any way interested in the matter.
Accordingly before 'the completion of
the investigation by the department
of agriculture I directed Mr. Neill and
Mr. Reynolds to make an investiga
tion, the first report of which has
been laid before congress. Much
testimony has been offered to us which
has not been considered in this report,
for Mr. Neill and Reynolds in this re
port confine themselves to stating in
more or less summary way the facts
as to which they had been eye-wit-
sses; and what they have said can
not be successfully controverted.
Some of the ground traversed " by
Messrs. Neill and Reynolds is not
touched upon in the report of the com
mittee of the agricultural department.
As to the ground covered in common
by the reports of the two investigat
ing committees there is no conflict in
substance as to the important matters,
although there is a marked difference
in emphasis, this being partially due
to the greater length and detail of
the report of the committee of the de
partment of agriculture. In my Judg
ment the emphasis of the report of
Messrs. Neill and Reynolds is abund
antly Justified by the facts.
To show the immediate and extra
ordinary change for the better which
the mere fact of their investigation
is already bringing about in the con
dition of the packing houses in Chi
cago, it is only necessary to instance
the following portions of a letter re
ceived from a most competent and
trustworthy witness in Chicago whose
name I will give the committee If it
"On Monday I began a tour of all
the great packing houses, going first
to Libby's, then Swift's.
"Tuesday all the morning discussed
changes that ought to be made and
caught a glimpse of the awakening at
Armour's. In the afternoon visited
the plant with the superintendent.
"Wednesday I rested and contem
plated the 'awakening of packing
town.' It is miraculous. Thursday
did Nelson Morris, with the superin
tendent. Nelson Morris has done
much to make things better. By the
time the next inspector arrives they
will have still more new lavatories,
toilet rooms, dressing rooms, etc.
Cuspidors everywhere, and signs pro
hibiting spitting. In most, the awak
ening seemed to come by force from
At Armour's, at my suggestion, I
made no pretense of making an in
vestigation, but frankly announced
my desire to Bee things for myself
and to get a fresh impression of con
ditions as I, had not seen the plants
since before the strike. On every
hand there was indications of an al
most humorous haste to clean up, re
pave and even to plan for future
changes. New toilet rooms, new
dressing rooms, new towels, etc. etc.
Swift's and Armour's were both so
cleaned up that I was compelled to
cheer them on their way by express
ing my pleasure at the changes. The
sausage girls were moved upstairs
where they could get sun and light,
they too have dressing rooms, etc.
asked for showers and lockers for
the casing workers at Armour's and
got a promise that they would put
them in. The canning and stuffing'
An Iron mountain Collision.
St Louis, June 9. A collision be
tween passenger trains occurred on
the Iron Mountain road near Mengo,
115 miles south of here, early Friday
resulting in the death of a fireman
and Injuries to three trainmen. No
passengers were injured. The north
bound passenger train had stopped to
take a switch to let the southbound
train pass. Before the train had en
tered the switch the southbound train
dashed Into it, badly wrecking the
engines, killing a fireman and Injur
ing three trainmen.
room, chip beef and beef extract at
Armour's seemed really quite good.
In all of these rooms the girls work.
At Libby's the girls are to be put in
to a blue calico uniform which they
will buy at half price. They are
putting in toilet rooms which they say
are temporary and that when the
building is remodeled they will have
these put in a better place. The haste
towards reform would have been
amusing if it were not so nearly
"They tried to win my help on the
ground that loss of foreign trade
would mean hardship for the workers
In my neighborhood and I must say
I do share this fear but I cannot see
the wisdom of my coming out public
ly and saying that I saw Indications
of an awakening, for I want the
changes to be radical and permanent
even though we all have to suffer for
I wish to repeat that my Investi
gations are not yet through. I am not
prepared to make a final statement
either as to so much of the complaints
as concern the management of the
bureau of animal industry or as to
certain of the graver charges in con
nection with the adulteratiou of meat
products as well as other matters.
But enough has been developed in my
judgment to call . for immediate
thoroughgoing and radical enlarge
ment of the powers of the govern
ment in inspecting all meats which
enter into interstate and foreign com
merce, unfortunately tlie misdeeds
of those who f are responsible for the
abuses we design to cure will bring
discredit and damage not only upon
them but upon the innocent stock
growers, the ranchmen and farmers
of the country. The only way perma
nently to protect and benefit these in
nocent stock growers, the farmers and
ranchmen, is to secure by law the
thorough and adequate inspection for
which I have asked. Sincerely yours.
CHICAGO PACKERS TO MOVE.
Location to Be in Indiana City Officials
Have Ordered Chances Made
in Present Builinas.
Chicago, 111., Rumors to the ef
fect that a new stockyards with Sir
Thomas J. Upton of London as its
chief backer is to be estblished near
Gary, Ind., adjacent to the property
of the United States Steel corporation,
were in circulation Friday. Several of
the best known real estate men in
Chicago were named among those said
to be acquiring land for the purpose.
Although the story generally was
discredited among the packers, it was
declared that at least six plants are
to be removed from Chicago to In
diana. It is said the plans include the
digging of a canal to the little Calumet
river for the purpose of carrying off
The building commissioner, Peter
Bartzen, and the sanitary commission
er, Perry L. Hedrlck, served notice
Friday on the packers to make im
provements which it is estimated by
Bartzen will cost close to $1,000,000.
Bartzen declared that practically all
the buildings in the stock yards were
erected without city building permits.
He said he will ask the city council
to give him fifteen special inspectors
for a term of thirty days. The sani
tary commissioner said the packers
are willing to adopt all suggestions
made by his department.
Mayor Dunne sent a letter to the
Secretary of Agriculture, James Wil
son, urging him to give his views in
reference to the joint appointment of
a committee of high grade pathologists
and experts to pass on the purity of
meats sent out from the stock yards.
June 2 the mayor sent Mr. Wilson a
telegram in regard to the matter, but
he received only a brief telegraphic
I. ma Pay for Harvesters.
Kansas City, Mo. Mr. Carl
Schweizer, manager of the state free
labor bureau, has received a letter
from T. B. Gerow of Topeka, mana
ger of the Kansas free labor bureau,
asking him to arrange to send 2,500
men for the Kansas wheat harvest.
The pay this year is lower than it
was last year. Last year it ranged
from $2 to $3.50 a day. This year the
rate quoted is from $1.50to $2.
Governor Ide announces that a pro
vince will be formed of Manila, for
the purpose of giving the city repre
sentation in the Filipino assembly.
The original plan was that Manila.
like the District of Columbia, should
have no representation in the national
Postmaster Must Show Cause.
St. Louis, June 9. Judge Finkeln
berg, in the United States circuit
court Friday, granted an order ap
plied for by attorneys representing
the Mississippi "Valley Trust company,
receiver for the American Reserve
Bond company, North American In
vestment company and the Colonial
Securities company, requiring post
master Frank Wyman to show cause
why he should not turn the mail of
the three concerns over to the re
ceiver. Postmaster Wyman is oited
to appear in court next Tuesday.
There la no Rochelie 8alts. Alum.
Llmeor Ammonia In food made With
Economy. THE CADDY'S COMMENT.
One That Was Not Very Complimen
tary to a Professional
Walter J. Travis, the golfer, set up
his ball, and then made half a dozen
swishes at the short grass with the
driver, relates the New York Tribune.
"I am not in eood form." he said
amplaying like a broker we had here
This broker played once around,
making a dreadful exhibition of him
sell. Of this, though, he was not
aware. He was doing pretty well for
"The man's caddy was an unusually
quiet, stolid lad, a boy with a freckled
fr.ee quite devoid of expression.
Ana since tne caddy never once
laughed or sneered at his bad play,
the broker took a fancy to him. And
he said at the end of the round, in
the hope of getting a compliment:
" 'I have been traveling for the last
six months. I am quite out of prac
tice. That is why I am in such-bad
"The caddy replied, calmly:
"'Then ye've played before, have
ye, sir?' "
BITS FOR BACHELORS.
Many men think themselves self-
made who are really marriage-made,
The man who avoids matrimony on
account of the cares of wedded life
rivals the wiseacre who secured him
self against corns by having his legs
Don't marry for beauty alone. Soc
rates called beauty "a short-lived tyr
anny," and Theophrastus pronounced
It "a silent cheat." The man who
marries for beauty alone is as silly
as the man who would buy a house be
cause It bad fine flowers in the front
It is in life as It Is with a kite: It
will not fly very high until it has
string tying it down. And so the man
who is tied down by half a dozen re
sponsibilities and their mother will
make a higher and stronger fight than
the bachelor who, having nothing to
keep him steady, is always floundering
in the mud.
Never allow the clock to run down,
It responds to regular attention just
as surely as a human being does and
keeps its course truly when made to
follow its endless routine.
The hands of a clock should always
be turned forward. To set the hands
by reversing the right-hand motion is
to loosen delicate screws that hold
mem wiuim reacn or. various cos;
Never allow the clock to be moved
from the position where It is well bal
anced. A deviation of two or three
minutes a day from the correct time
may be the result of an uneven
placing of the clock, and once it Is
properly adjusted it should not be
shifted for dusting or for artistic pur
poses. This is especially true of
clocks that have a pedulum.
CHARMS THAT BRING LUCK
Superstitions of ' Bridge Players-
Souses and Seats That Are
It Is now obvious that the portion of
Bociety which takes its gambling seri
ously it is a very large portion in
deed has become very superstitious.
An instance in point is the buying of
the ankh which, as now sold in Bond
street in gold and jewels, is extremely
popular, says the London Daily Mail.
The ankh is the sign of life, and
consequently of good luck striving
against bad; a symbol of Egyptian
origin composed of a headless cross
attached to a stirrup elrcle.
Gambling has always gone hand in
hand with belief in the efficacy of
charms, but the fair votaries of bridge
go mueh further and there are end
less little ceremonies which are sup
posed to militate for or against their
chance of winning.
A charming lady who might, with
out undue conceit, have styled herself
one who knows," quotes an instance:
Whenever you cut for a fresh deal
or after a rubber," she said, "the one
who cuts lowest has, as you know, the
choice of cards and seats, and they in
variably turn the winning people out
of their seats and choose the winning
pack." Sometimes they elect to sit
against the hinges of the table, be
cause that is the lucky side.
As, for the charms which are sup
posed to bring luck, their name is
legion; the most favored are little
dwarfs, lucky sixpences and the New
- It must not be supposed that these
superstitions are confined to the
ladies. Two well known card players
at White's are extremely proud of pos
sessing some pieces of a hangman's
rope, and from the possession of these
trophies they date their good luck.
Certain houses are considered lucky
to play in, though of course a house
which is lucky for one player may be
unlucky for the other. Particular clubs
also are much in favor among card
players. . ,
DIAMOND DEALER'S MISTAKE
One of His Own Gems, But H.
Failed to Recognize the
"Will you please examine this dia
mond," said a man who had stepped
into a jeweler's shop, "and tell me
.what you think of it? If it is a good
stone, I think I will buy it."
The jeweler took the gem, which
was unset, and looked at it critically
for a moment. Then in a confidential
tone he said:
"Well, to tell you the truth, that
Isn't a very good stone. It hasn't much
fire, it is badly cut, and there is some
thing here very much like a flaw.1
tThen he held the diamond under a mi
croscope and examined it carefully,
finally observing: "Nov it isn't exactly
a flaw, but I shouldn't call it a per-
pect stone. Now, If you want some
thing really fine, here "
"Excuse me," the other man inter
rupted. "I don't think I'll buy a dia
mond to-day. This is a diamond that
one of your assistants let me take Sat
urday on approval. I deposited $40 on
It. Please let me have my money,
and we will declare the deal off."
Dinner should be of a lighter nature
in summer than in winter.
A quart of wheat contains more nu
triment than a bushel of cucumbers.
There is a happy mean between eat
ing everything and being squeamish.
Two pounds of potatoes contain as
much nutriment as 13 pounds of
Light soups, light desserts and light
meals Should have the preference in
warm weather. '
Vegetables and fruits are to be used
most generously at that season of the
year in which they naturally mature,
Beginning the dinner with soup Is
the very best way to get the whole
system in condition for assimilating
a hearty meal.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewsrd for say
ise of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hsirs
tun uuuwBiiuai, u.a muvwi. s. tl . WUOUGJ
for tae last 15 years, and believe blm perfectly hon
orable In sll business transactions and financially
nr. .i i i t.i . . '
mum tv carry uu ur uuiiuatiuns uisae oy uia una
T ALDlNLr, tit HAITIV.
Wholesale Drno-irlatB. Toledo. O.
Hall's Catarrh Care Is tiken internally, scthur
airecuy npon tne oioou snu mucous sunsces or tna
system. Testimonials sent free. Price 75 cents per
Kiue. boiu dj an uruKgina.
Xske Hall's Family Fills for constlpstlOD.
The Modern Way.
"My dear, you must really take
Freddy in hand about the way he uses
slang. To-day he asked me what en
tomology was, and I told him the sci
ence of bugs."
"Then he asked me If an entomolo
gist was a crazy - man." Baltimore
Keeping BTer Handy.
"That's a fine rope you have, Hard
er," commented the commuter with the
lawn mower and the weekly bam un
der his arm. "What are you going to
do with it?"
"Use It as a tether," replied Harker.
'Ah! New cow?"
'No. new cook." Chicago Daily
"Want 'ny ice?"
"Bring me up a -two-cent chunk."
"Where 're ye at?"
"Six floor, back."
"Gee awp!" Judge.
In the course of the conversation on
psychological matters the talk rested
on that ancient theme, the solitude of
the soul. Some one asked the girl who
was to graduate In June If she liked
being alone. "That depends," she an
swered, sweetly, "on whom I am alone
with." Chicago Daily News. ,
I C30Gggtf I
s iTnn n
SEE EVERYTHING DARE1LV
When a fit of dispepsia is on, a man sees everything darkly.He
becomes bilious, and biliousness gives him yellow views of life. Il is
impossible for any one who eats improper food to be good natuved,
to nave a well body. The simpler the food, properly prepared, he
better the health.
is the best Food for allclasses, especially dispeptics. . So prepared
that while the whole body is nourished, it helps to regulate the
bowels and strengthen the nerves. A Food not a drug.
Palatable-Nutritious Easy off Digestion and Ready to Eat
Can bs servsd hot. Put In a hot ovsnfor a few minutes; or cook In boiling milk to a mash.
10c a packages ForSai.byif fa GOsj&P "
Dr. Price, the famous food expert, the creator of Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder, Delicious
Flavoring- Extracts, Ice Cream Sucar and Jelly Desserts, has never been compelled,
notwithstanding strenuous Pood laws, to change any of his products. They have sHwsys
conformed to their requirements. This is an absolute guarantee of their quaUtjr aaVpari.
Native Bite? Say, stranger, we have
to muzzle 'em so they won't "chew upj
the lnnercent bystander." N. Y. Sun.
It's queer how -boys catch all their
diseases in school term.
Silence Is indeed golden when it
commands a high price.
Women Ofctain Mrs. Pinkham's
Advice and Help.
Sho Baa Guided Thousands to Health.
How Lydla K . Pinkham's Vegetable Com-i
pound Cured Mrs. Alios BerryhlH.
'1 It is t frreat
satisfaction for a
woman to feel
A" that she can write
to another telling
her the most pri
vate and confiden
tial details about
her illness, and
know that her let
ter will be seen by
a woman only.
of cases of female
diseases come be
fore Mrs. Pinkham every year, some
personally, others by mail. Mrs. Pink
ham is the daughter-in-law of Lydia E.
Pinkham and for twenty-five years
under her direction and since her de
cease she b as been advising siek women
free of charge.
Mrs., Pinkham never violates she eon
fldence of women, and every testimon
ial letter published is done so ; with
the written consent or request oi the
writer, in order that other sick women
may be benefited as she has been.
Mrs. Alice Berryhill, of 313 Boyce
Street, Chattanooga, Tenn., writes :
Dear Mrs. Pinkham: t
"Three years ago life looked dark to me.
I had ulceration and inflammation of the
female organs and was in a serious condition.
" My health was completely broken down
and the doctor told me that if I was not op
erated npon I would die within six months.
I told him I would have no operation bat
would try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound. He tried to influence me against
it but I sent for the medicine that same day
and began to use it faithfully. Within five
days I felt relief but was not entirely cored
until I used it for some time.
" Your medicine is certainly fine. I have
induced several friends and neighbors to take
it and I know more than a dozen who had
female troubles and who to-day are as well
and strong as I am from using your Vege
Just as surely as Mrs. Berryhill was
cured, will Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound cure every woman
suffering from any form of female ills. .
If yon are sick write Mrs. Pinkham
for advice. It Is free and always helpful.
v m tw.-y.--w sMuaaw-a, v.-.
7 Mr dl.R.rivhll'
i a w m u
Every.' housewife gloats; j I ' v '
over finely starched ll
linen 'and white goods: J
111 Conceit Is justifiable; II
1 1 after using Defiance' 1 1 '
I ll atarcn. it fives V
II stiff, flossy, white.'' If
ii u: ii
I II av aim biuilics MM -v. , "
I II .'and 'does not rot II """I
Jl (them. It isabso-; I '
CM , .futely pure. It is: j9 j
ll ' the most economical A
I If because ; it goes 1 1
m farthest, does 'more III ,
7 and costs less than 17
IV T others. To be had of all J I
I frocersat 16 z.
t - c
THE DEFIANCE STARCH CO,
) OMAHA, NEB..' . .-l
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